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In 1983, Toyota chairman Eiji Toyoda summoned a secret meeting of company executives, to whom he posed the question, “Can we create a luxury vehicle to challenge the world’s best?” This question prompted Toyota to embark on a top-secret project, code-named F1 (“Flagship” + “No. The F1 project, whose finished product was ultimately the Lexus LS 400, aimed to develop a flagship sedan that would expand Toyota’s product line, giving it a foothold in the premium segment and offering both longtime and new customers an upmarket product. The opportunity for Japanese manufacturers to export more expensive models had arisen with the 1980s voluntary export restraints, negotiated by the Japanese government and U.S.
In 1986, Toyota’s longtime advertising agency Saatchi & Saatchi formed a specialized unit, Team One, to handle marketing for the new premium brand. Just prior to the release of the first vehicles, database service LexisNexis obtained a temporary injunction forbidding the name Lexus from being used as they stated it might cause confusion. The original Lexus slogan, developed after Team One representatives visited Lexus designers in Japan and noted their obsessive attention to detail, became “The Relentless Pursuit of Perfection.” The Lexus logo was developed by Molly Designs and Hunter Communications.
In 1989, Lexus showcased the smoothness of its V8 engines by placing champagne glasses on the hood of a revving LS 400. In 1989, after an extended development process involving 60 designers, 24 engineering teams, 1,400 engineers, 2,300 technicians, 220 support workers, around 450 prototypes, and over 1-billion US dollars in costs, the F1 project was completed. At its launch, the LS 400 was widely praised for its quietness, well-appointed and ergonomic interior, engine performance, build quality, aerodynamics, fuel economy, and value, although it was criticized by some automobile columnists for derivative styling and a suspension regarded as too compromising of handling for ride comfort. The LS 400 also won major motoring awards from publications including Automobile Magazine and Wheels Magazine.
In December 1989, Lexus initiated a voluntary recall of all 8,000 LS 400s sold to date, based upon two customer complaints over defective wiring and an overheated brake light. By the end of 1989, 16,392 LS 400 and ES 250 sedans had been sold in the four months following the U.S.
In 1991, Lexus launched its first sports coupe, the SC 400, which shared the LS 400’s V8 engine and rear-wheel drive design. In 1993, Lexus launched the GS line, that was based on the Toyota Aristo, which had sold for two years prior in Japan. In 1994, the marque introduced the second generation LS 400, a complete redesign of its flagship model. In 1998, Lexus added the first luxury-branded crossover SUV, the RX 300, and the second generation GS 300 and GS 400 sedans.
In 2005, Lexus completed a full organizational separation from parent company Toyota, with dedicated design, engineering, training, and manufacturing centers working exclusively for the division.
In 2006, Lexus unveiled the GS 450h, a V6 hybrid performance sedan, along with the fourth generation flagship LS line, comprising both standard and long-wheelbase V8 (LS 460 and LS 460 L) and hybrid (LS 600h and LS 600h L) versions.
In 2007, Lexus announced a new F marque performance division, which would produce racing-inspired versions of its performance models.
In mid-2009, the marque launched the HS 250h, a dedicated hybrid sedan for North America and Japan. At the beginning of 2010, Lexus underwent a gradual sales recovery in North America and Asia as the marque focused on adding hybrids and new model derivatives. The redesigned GX 460 was also voluntarily recalled in April 2010 for a software update, one week after Consumer Reports issued a recommendation not to buy the SUV following the slow stability control response to a high-speed emergency turn. At the 2010 Geneva Motor Show, Lexus introduced the CT 200h, a compact four-door hybrid hatchback initially designed for the European market. Lexus production models are named alphanumerically using two-letter designations followed by three digits. On F marque models, the two-letter designation and the letter ‘F’ are used with no numbers or hyphens (e.g. Lexus design has traditionally placed an emphasis on targeting specific vehicle development standards. In 2006, Lexus incorporated the first production eight-speed automatic transmission in an automobile with the LS 460 and the gearbox was later adapted for the GS 460 and IS F models.
In 2007, Lexus executives signaled intentions to equip further models with hybrid powertrains, catering to demands for a decrease in both carbon pollution and oil reliance. Safety features on Lexus models range from stability and handling programs (Vehicle Stability Control and Vehicle Dynamics Integrated Management) to backup cameras, swivel headlights, and sonar warning systems.
In 2007, Lexus introduced the first car safety systems with infrared pedestrian detection capabilities, lane keep assist, a Driver Monitoring System with facial recognition monitoring of driver attentiveness, and a rear pre-collision whiplash protection system. As a safety precaution, Lexus GPS navigation systems in many regions feature a motion lockout when the vehicle reaches a set speed; to prevent distraction, navigation inputs are limited, while voice input and certain buttons are still accessible. Many Lexus vehicles are manufactured in Toyota’s flagship Tahara plant, a highly sophisticated, computerized manufacturing plant in Japan. The North American–market RX 350 (since the 2004 model year) is produced in the city of Cambridge, in Ontario, Canada, which is the first Lexus production site located outside of Japan. In the 2000s, Consumer Reports also named Lexus among the top five most reliable brands in its Annual Car Reliability Surveys of over one million vehicles across the U.S. One of the hassles most expats have to endure is having to buy a car in an entirely new country. When the kids and I first arrived in Johannesburg, I fully expected to find a shiny new car in the garage.
So, in hindsight, if you’re purchasing from a car dealership, you can go ahead and pay them, get the car in return, and let them then handle all your paperwork without worry. But there is one thing you still have to do it in person, and that's applying for a Traffic Register Number. So, your number one requirement, if you want to purchase a car in South Africa, is to have at least one permanent visa together with a work permit in your family’s possession. Having a permanent visa can definitely help you with a lot of things, just as having a U.S. Hi Sine,Your blog has been a fantastic resource - thank you for all of the helpful information (we're relocating to Cape Town in 4 weeks). I got it real bad from these guys here, bought a car from a dealership and they told me I had to apply for a TRN.
Although, the initial UPC usage was focused on retail point of sale (POS), many other industries have adopted this coding structure. Please be advised that there are third-party companies on the internet who offer to sell single UPC bar codes for discount $5 rates. There has been a dramatic increase in the dependency on UPC symbols, since companies are investing millions of dollars in computer systems and scanning equipment to take advantage of automatic data collection. The F1 project followed the success of the Toyota Supra sports car and the premium Toyota Cressida models. The final design for the Lexus logo featured a stylized “L” within an oval, and according to Toyota, was rendered using a precise mathematical formula.
The Lexus LS 400, had a unique design that shared no major elements with any previous Toyota vehicles and its rear-wheels were driven by an all new 4.0 Liter V8 engine.
The following September, Lexus vehicles officially went on sale at a network of 81 new Lexus dealerships across the U.S. In a sweeping 20-day operation which replaced the parts on all affected vehicles, Lexus sent technicians to pick up, repair, and return cars to customers free of charge, and also flew in personnel and rented garage space for owners in remote locations.


That year, Lexus also began limited exports to the United Kingdom, Switzerland, Canada, and Australia. This was followed by the second generation ES 300 sedan, which succeeded the ES 250 and became Lexus’s top seller. The RX crossover targeted suburban buyers who desired an upmarket SUV but did not need off-road capability and it was particularly successful.
In 2001, the marque debuted its first convertible, the SC 430, and the third generation LS 430.
This effort coincided with Lexus’s launch in its home market of Japan and an expanded global launch of the brand in major world markets. The LS 600h L subsequently went on sale as the most expensive luxury sedan ever produced in Japan, with a sticker price of approximately US$125,000. The first of this line, the IS F, made its debut at the 2007 North American International Auto Show, accompanied by a supercar concept, the LF-A. The RX 450h, the second generation hybrid SUV replaced the earlier RX 400h, and later that year debuted the US$375,000 production LFA supercar.
The CT 200h was scheduled to go on sale in Europe in the latter half of 2010, with exports to follow in the U.S. The first letter indicates relative status in the Lexus model range (ranking), and the second letter refers to car body style or type (e.g. For certain models, a lower case letter placed after the alphanumeric designation indicates powerplant type (‘h’ for hybrid, ‘d’ for diesel), while capital letter(s) placed at the end indicates a class subtype (e.g. Since the marque’s inception, design targets have ranged from aerodynamics and ride quality to interior ergonomics.
Continuously variable transmissions, regenerative brakes, and electric motors have been used on all Lexus hybrid models. Hybrid models have been differentiated by separate badging and lighting technology; in 2008, the LS 600h L became the first production vehicle to use LED headlamps. This safety feature has attracted criticism because passengers cannot use certain functions when the vehicle is in motion.
Lexus production techniques include methods and standards of quality control that differ from Toyota models. In addition to the Tahara factory, Lexus vehicles have been produced at the Miyata plant (Toyota Motor Kyushu) in Miyawaka, Fukuoka, the Higashi Fuji plant (Kanto Auto Works) in Susono, Shizuoka, and the Sanage plant (Toyota Boshoku; Araco) in Toyota, Aichi. Through the late 2000s, most sedan and SUV production occurs in Japan at the Tahara plant in Aichi and Miyata plant in Fukuoka. Power and Associates bestowed its Platinum award for worldwide plant quality on the Tahara plant for the fourth consecutive year, stating that it has the fewest defects of any manufacturing plant in the world. Car prices are about twice as high on average as in the United States, so you best adjust your expectations.
You might not have a bank account yet, in which case you would need a bank draft made out in ZAR.
But I was still lucky in that he had his permanent visa, whereas many expats arrive here without them, in which case they are stuck without a car. Most insurance companies will insure your vehicle over the phone according to the make of the car, and then follow up with an at-home visit to make sure you actually own a car and aren’t buying phantom insurance. I didnt have a visa at the time and couldnt get it so I never got the Certificate of Registration.
That sounds like just the kind of bureaucratic nightmare you can encounter in South Africa. Even though it should be possible, if the lady behind the desk tells you it's not, what can you do but send your husband instead?
However, the UPC symbol is the most recognized barcode in the United States, since it appears on almost every retail product.
As of January 2005, there are significant changes to the terminology involving product barcode marking. This number uniquely identifies a company and always remains constant on all of a company’s products. Most of the main retailers will not accept their numbers and there are many online websites preying on unsuspecting new companies. The division’s world headquarters are located in Toyota, Aichi, Japan, with operational centers in Brussels, Belgium, and Torrance, California and the United States. During that time, several F1 designers rented a home in Laguna Beach, California to observe the lifestyles and tastes of American upper-class consumers.
The first teaser ads featuring the Lexus name and logo, designed by Team One, appeared at the Chicago, Los Angeles, and New York auto shows in 1988. The launch of Lexus was heralded by a multi-million dollar advertising campaign in both television and print media. This response was lauded in media publications and helped establish the marque’s early reputation for customer service. Although sales had begun at a slower pace than expected, the final tally matched the division’s target of 16,000 units for that year. That same year, Lexus also became one of the first marques to debut a certified pre-owned program, with the aim of improving trade-in model values. The following year, Lexus debuted the first luxury-branded production hybrid SUV, the RX 400h. In terms of volume, Lexus was the number-one-selling luxury car marque in the historically largest automotive market for the past decade and ranked as the fourth-largest luxury car brand in the world by volume. The backronym “IDEAL” (“Impressive, Dynamic, Elegant, Advanced, and Lasting”) is used in the development process.
Pre-2007 models came with a hidden manufacturer override option and updated European models allow operation in motion.
At the Tahara plant, separate assembly lines were developed for Lexus vehicles, along with new molds and specialized manufacturing equipment. Things don’t move that quickly in South Africa, and he hadn't even gotten his own company car yet, driving a beat-up Toyota rental instead.
What’s more, the market is not quite as big, so once you've settled on a car you like, you might not be able to find one.
But it's a good idea to set up a local bank account as one of your first items to do, and this might be a good time to do it. Instead you show up with what was mentioned over the phone, get sent home again because something that wasn’t mentioned is missing, and show up a few days later with the missing one, only to be told that now something else is required as well.
They will also most likely require you to have a tracking service like Altech Netstar (about R180 per month). These are very useful tips, and I'm sure a lot of people will find this useful if they do plan on buying a car in South Africa. So the dealership that's since then closed has the old registration for the car, and you need that to get it transferred to you, right?
The UPC (Universal Product Number) symbol is the barcode representation of the GTIN-12 which consists of twelve numeric characters that uniquely identify a company’s individual product.


To have a UPC code that will scan at Point of Sale, the UPC number must contain a GS1-US assigned Company Prefix, also known as a manufacturer prefix.
The minimum size of a UPC is 80% magnification factor (80% of the nominal size) and the maximum size of a UPC is 200% magnification factor (200% of the nominal size). Be wary of numbering organizations with names like Barcode World, Simple UPC,EZ Codes, etc. When symbols can not be read or decode incorrectly, the efficiency of these systems is brought to a halt.
Around the same time, Nissan would unveil plans to create its own premium brand, Infiniti, while Mazda also considered developing an upscale marque, to be called Amati.
Toyota’s market research concluded that a separate brand and sales channel were needed to present its new flagship sedan, and plans were made to develop a new network of dealerships in the U.S. Following the initial models, plans called for the addition of a sports coupe along with a redesigned ES sedan. Normal sales operations resumed by late 1995 when the Japanese auto manufacturers collectively agreed to greater American investments, and the tariffs were not enacted.
The vehicle used a Lexus Hybrid Drive system which combined gasoline and electric motors for increased power, fuel efficiency, and lower emissions relative to gasoline-only equivalents. The next generation IS, GS, and LS sedans were subsequently designed as “global models” for worldwide markets. The ES 350 and certain IS models were affected by a recall for potentially jamming floor mats; the New York Times found more federal acceleration reports per-vehicle for the marque versus parent company Toyota, while NPR determined the reports to be generally rare, with comparable rates at multiple makes. The three digits indicate engine displacement in liters multiplied by a factor of one hundred (e.g.
Each vehicle is designed according to approximately 500 specific product standards, known as “Lexus Musts,” on criteria such as leather seat stitching. Welding processes, body panel fit tolerances, and paint quality requirements are more stringent.
Power named the Miyata plant, then the site of ES and IS model production, as its recipient of the Platinum award for worldwide plant quality and in 2009 the Higashi Fuji plant, site of SC production, received the same recognition. Check some used car websites (like Autotrader) early to get a better idea of what’s out there. I'll be talking about the details of bank accounts some other time, but rest assured it will involve a bunch of documents - passport with residence permit, lease agreement, etc. The application process will take a few days, meaning you will have to go there again (on the Friday following the Wednesday) to pick up your certificates, at which time the transfer of ownership can take place.
I was left driving a car with an expired license disc and you would not believe how lucky I got getting through police checkpoints unnoticed. Neither I nor my husband are permanent residents, we both have temporary visas, based on his work permit. The GTIN-12 number is part of the family of GS1 global data structures that employ 14 digits and can be encoded into various types of data carriers. GS1-US is the governing agency for the assignment of manufacturing codes, and they make sure that no duplicate numbers are issued. Consequently, many retailers are severely penalizing consumer goods manufacturers who furnish substandard UPC symbols. Power and Associates’ studies on initial vehicle quality, customer satisfaction, and sales satisfaction. Lexus plant workers, typically veteran technicians, are identified via repeated performance evaluations and ranked according to skill grade, with limited applicants accepted. You'll need all those as well when registering your car, which is what I'll talk about in a minute. Once again, the car dealership might offer to apply for the Certificate of Registration on your behalf, but since you'll still need the Traffic Register Number, you might as well do both at the same time.
At least that is true for the spouse and kids, and I assume it's the same for the work permit holder. Had you brought your husband that time, they would have asked for your utility bill 2 years back, or the copy of the passport of your cousin, once removed, on your mother's side. Im currently stuck with the car and need to sell it as I will be leaving soon a couple of visits to the Traffic Department was to no avail, they keep telling me I have to get hold of the company that sold me the car.Does anyone know what I can do to get the certificate of registration?
Can you perhaps go to another dealership dealing with that brand of cars - maybe they can go into the system, and print out something that shows the details of the car? In fact, read it now so you can print out the Road Traffic Act where the license issue is addressed.
Your company assigns the second part of the UPC number, which is called the product code or item code. Quite SIMPLY, buying “upc barcodes” from any organization other than GS1 US puts you at risk for acceptance by retailers. The highest level takumi (Japanese for “artisan”) engineers are responsible for maintaining production standards at key points in the assembly process, such as testing engine performance. However, most companies employ one or more drivers, so in our case I made use of that service quite a bit before I inherited aforementioned Toyota. It’s a film that protects your windshield and windows against being smashed in, and most higher-end cars will come already equipped with it. I eventually advanced to the inner sanctum where a very bored-looking woman took all my papers and proceeded to enter everything into a computer.
Using some form of check digit generator (use our free check digit calculator) this digit is calculated using a mathematical calculation based on the first 11 digits of the UPC code. There may be smaller retailers and online marketplaces which do not require a unique GS1 Company Prefix.
Production vehicles are given visual inspections for flaws, individually test-driven at high speeds, and subjected to vibration tests. Eventually she wanted to see my passport, but after a quick glance handed everything back to me and told me it was no good, she couldn’t give me the traffic register number. However, if you plan on someday selling to any larger retailer in the future, you do not want to have your products marked with UPC barcodes which may not be accepted. It’s a good thing to have if you're concerned about security and crime in South Africa. Most people will be there for a drivers’ license renewal or something of that sort, and you should be whisked right through to the car registration counter.
People who were trying to be helpful, like colleagues and relocation agents, instead gave us our first glimpse into South Africa's racial tensions.
If you have a work permit and are the bread winner so to speak, you should be okay with opening a bank account and buying a car and such things.
When you're about to hand over several hundred thousand rand, you are not going to just brush away a warning, no matter how insensitive.



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