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Being inaugurated to the dating scene in the late ?70?s and early ?80?, plus not participating in this scene in 26 years, you can imagine my trepidation, as I was about to embark on this new and exciting phenomena know as ?online and text dating?! I have registered so many dating sites in the past and wasted so much time and money, but nothing worked. New York, NY New, Get Introduced parties and get togethers Connecting New York City singles. New York City (or NYC) -- officially, "City of New York," and affectionately known as "The Big Apple" -- is the largest city of the state of New York and in the United States, and by many measures, one of the most important cities in the world. New York is also the location of what was, according to many experts, the most devastating act of terrorism in modern history: the September 11, 2001 attack that utterly destroyed the twin towers of the World Trade Center and several surrounding buildings.
New York has had a reputation as a crime-ridden city, partly due to the hundreds of TV and cinematic crime dramas set in it. The current mayor of New York City is Michael Bloomberg, elected in 2001 on the Republican ticket. Although New York's harbour was first discovered by Giovanni da Verrazano during his expedition of 1524, the history of New York City properly begins with the Dutch settlement of 1624. In 1664, British ships captured the city, with minimal resistance: the governor at the time, Peter Stuyvesant, was unpopular with the residents of the city.
Several battles were fought in New York during the Revolutionary War; the British defeated George Washington's troops, and held the city until the war ended. New York was briefly the capital of the new United States of America, in 1789 and 1790, and George Washington was inaugurated as President in New York, then the nation's second largest city.
The building of the Erie Canal, in the 1820s, helped the city grow further by increasing river traffic upstate and to the west. The modern city of New York -- the five boroughs -- was created in 1898, as the merger of the cities of New York (then Manhattan and the Bronx) and Brooklyn with the largely rural areas of Queens and Staten Island. The building of the New York subway, as the separate IRT and BMT systems, and the later IND, was a later force for population growth and development. The world-famous Grand Central Terminal[?] opened as the world's largest train station on February 1, 1913. As of the census of 2000, there are 8,008,278 people, 3,021,588 households, and 1,852,233 families residing in the city.
The median income for a household in the city is $38,293, and the median income for a family is $41,887. I invite people using message boards saying that I prefer my guests to be 30 - 50 years old but everyone is welcome. DESCRIPTION: While some earlier scholars would have labeled these maps as a€?the epitome of medieval European cartographya€?, due to the very ecclesiastical form and content, they were, indeed, an exception in this perioda€™s mapmaking.
In his recent book, Body-Worlds, Opinicus de Canistris and the Medieval Cartographic Imagination, Karl Whittington writes that on the 31st of March, 1334, this Italian priest named Opinicus de Canistris fell sick. As mentioned above, Opicinusa€™ drawings survive in two manuscripts, both kept in the Vatican Library in Rome. There is no way of knowing how many other drawings Opicinus completed, and certainly no reason to believe that all or even a majority of his works have survived.
Victoria Morsea€™s 1996 doctoral dissertation for the first time performed a large-scale study in order to demonstrate the logic of Opicinusa€™ works. It was not unusual during the later Middle Ages to bring together the body and the earth in pictorial representations. The relationship on the page between texts, diagrams, and pictures throughout Opicinusa€™ work is an especially important issue.
According to Whittington the captions on most of the drawings seem to interact with them in the following way: Opicinus created the visual material first, usually to address a particular theological question or theme. The elaborate, complex, and beautiful drawings that Opicinus created in the years following his illness and vision are the subject of this monograph.
What we see, then, is an embodied map a€” a picture of the eartha€™s surface that is also a depiction of human bodies. Opicinusa€™ beliefs and hypotheses about the earthly, the heavenly, and the human are encoded in the very structures of his drawings.
Over half of Opicinusa€™ 80 drawings in the Vaticanus and Palatinus manuscripts include at least part of a portolan chart. Opicinusa€™ body-maps are far more complicated than any of the examples above, and the question of what they mean is more difficult to answer.
In a number of drawings, Opicinus used the most basic form of the body-worlds - presumably the one that he describes having received in his 1334 vision. As in all of Opicinusa€™ drawings of the body-worlds, each figure takes on a specific identity, though in this example these identities are complex.
It seems most likely that the figure depicts a sort of hybrid a€” a personification of Christianity, with Christ at its head and its heart, surrounded by elements of the cosmic order. Its chest is bare (we can see the cloak falling away from the shoulder on the northern coast of France), but the lower roundel covers the place where a breast is often revealed in Opicinusa€™ female European figures. In three folios near the end of the Vaticanus manuscript, Opicinusa€™ cartographic drawings add one more layer of meaning on top of the basic arrangement outlined above: he superimposes a gridded local map of Pavia, his hometown, on top of a single portolan chart.
According to Whittington the precise placement and scale of the two maps is certainly not accidental; the maps have been placed in a precise relation to one another in order to create and explain correspondences between them.
In contrast to this relatively simple correspondence, another caption shows how complicated his spatial interpretations could become. As a final word on this drawing, I want to return to one more visual feature: the form of the local city grid. In the two previous examples, Opicinus constructed a drawing using only one portolan chart; on fol. This doubling and mirroring of the portolan chart served a specific purpose: as Victoria Morse has argued, it allowed Opicinus to contrast the world as it was seen and known with the possibility of an alternate world converted to a state of grace.
Each of the four land-figures bears an emblem on its chest a€” these signify the intention or motivation of each character. On the bottom half of the page, however, similar captions placed on the white chart actually point to cities on that chart, rather than on the one below.
Even after all of the figures in the drawing have been identified, its meaning remains elusive. There is one caption on the page that offers a tantalizing comment on its form and content. This quoted caption outlines the general principle that Opicinus follows in these drawings that employ mirroring or correspondence a€” that the multiplied forms are generators of multiple truths and realities. Many Vaticanus drawings contain more explicit imagery of birth and reproduction; metaphors of birth and rebirth seem to have been one of Opicinusa€™ primary ways of expressing the spiritual transformation that he underwent following his illness of 1334. The interest in the local ramifications of the pregnancy of the European figure is explored even more closely in two drawings in which Europe is actually pregnant with a tiny map a€” fols. DESCRIPTION: A good example of Protestant theologian Heinrich Buntinga€™s Europa, Europe as a Queen.
DAVAO CITY—A technical problem forced a Manila-bound Cebu Pacific plane to return to the Davao International Airport on Thursday afternoon. Cebu Pacific Flight 5J 956 left Davao City at 4:41 pm but the aircraft had to return 20 minutes after take-off.
The passengers were told to disembark and wait at the departure area while the technical ground crew checked the plane.
Passengers of the aircraft were disappointed as their concerns were not attended immediately.
At first, only one staff at the departure area entertained the passengers’ concerns, causing long lines. As of posting time, Cebu Pacific has not informed the passengers what’s going to happen in their flight.
A low pressure area was monitored outside the Philippine area of responsibility on Thursday, but it is not expected to affect the country.
The LPA was spotted 820 kilometers west of Dagupan in Pangasinan, said the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration.
Obet Badrina, weather specialist, said by phone that the LPA was heading toward China and expected to dissipate within two days. The southwest monsoon in the western section of Luzon, however, would continue to bring rains over the country, Pagasa said in its afternoon bulletin. Zambales, Bataan, Mindoro and Palawan will have cloudy skies with light to moderate rains and thunderstorms. Partly cloudy to cloudy skies with isolated rainshowers or thunderstorms would prevail over Metro Manila and the rest of the country, Pagasa said. A general shot shows the House of Representatives and Senate tribunal sitting as the National Board of Canvassers at the Batasang Pambansa on May 25. Multiple transmissions of votes have marred the 2016 election results in Laguna, Ilocos Sur and Davao del Norte as the Congress, sitting as the National Board of Canvassers, finds discrepancies in the two sets of the certificates of canvass. The chairpersons of the provincial board of canvassers for the provinces on Thursday explained to the NBOC why there were discrepancies between the two sets of COCs either electronically transmitted or physically delivered. Yesterday, the canvassing for the aforementioned provinces were suspended because of the discrepancies. In the case of Laguna, PBOC chair Gloria Petallo said the first COC was corrected because there was a shortage of votes in the municipality of Rizal, from which only the testing votes for the pre-logic and accuracy test (pre-LAT) were transmitted.
Petallo said a second COC was delivered to the Senate which included the votes for the municipality, but this COC was not electronically transmitted because the computer canvassing system had bogged down. In the case of Ilocos Sur, PBOC chair Rhodora Arrocena said the first COC electronically transmitted was corrected to include the votes for the municipality of San Ildefonso. She said the PBOC reconvened to electronically transmit a second corrected COC to include the votes for San Ildefonso. In the province of Davao del Norte, PBOC chair Jennifer Ancla said the first COC also had to be corrected because it did not include the votes from the municipality of Asuncion. She said the two sets of COCs were electronically transmitted and physically delivered to the Senate as well. US President Barack Obama speaks during a news conference at Shima Kanko Hotel in Shima, Japan, on May 26 after the completion of the third working session of the G-7 Summit. Obama is discussing the 2016 presidential campaign during a news conference in Japan, saying foreign leaders are surprised by Trump and not sure how seriously to take the things he says. The president is also downplaying Democratic concerns about the long-running primary fight between Hillary Clinton and Bernie Sanders. Incoming President Rodrigo Duterte calls for a press conference on Wednesday evening until Thursday dawn and vows to hit hard against police officials involved in the illegal drug trade following an incident at a concert in Pasay City that left five people dead. DAVAO CITY—Journalists on Thursday witnessed another tongue-in-cheek moment with presumptive President-elect Rodrigo Duterte as he shot down questions about his health. He said he did not understand why reporters were asking him about his health other than that they assumed that he was about to die. The incoming President, who  turned 71 years old last March, said questions about his health perpetuated the image that he could not be a good chief executive because he was ill.
In the same press conference, he cautioned journalists against believing every statement he uttered. The tough-talking mayor also debunked a report claiming that he was confined at a Davao City hospital for three days.
Duterte has admitted that he has Buerger’s disease, a condition that causes constriction of the blood vessels due to nicotine. BATANGAS CITY, Philippines—A 64-year-old grandfather was killed while his grandson was wounded in a shooting incident perpetrated by two unidentified suspects in Taysan town in the province of Batangas Thursday afternoon, police said.
Hornilla died while being transported to Maderazo Hospital in Rosario town while Samonte suffered a wound in his leg from a stray bullet. KATHMANDU, Nepal—A helicopter on Thursday retrieved the body of a Dutch climber who died last week on Mt.
Eric Arnold had reached the 29,035-foot summit on Friday, but then died on his descent of apparent altitude sickness near South Col, which sits at 26,300 feet.
A team of climbers was able to bring his body further down to Camp 2, where it was picked up Thursday morning and taken directly to a hospital in Kathmandu, Nepal’s capital, and then on to the morgue.
Climbers were still attempting the difficult task of carrying two more bodies—of Australian climber Maria Strydom and Indian climber Subhash Paul—to a point where they could be retrieved by helicopters, which cannot go far beyond Camp 2 due to high winds and thin air at higher altitudes. Meanwhile, another team of Sherpa guides were heading to a spot called the Triangular Face, the final push toward the peak, to search for two other Indian climbers who went missing last weekend. If the two Indian climbers are confirmed dead, that would bring the death toll for this year’s Everest climbing season to five. Nearly 400 foreign climbers, guides and Sherpas have made it to the top of Everest this year. Separately, a Sherpa guide Ang Phurba slipped and fell about 6,500 feet to his death on May 19 while fixing ropes on the adjacent 27,940-foot peak of Lhotse. KORONADAL CITY—Police and military forces arrested at dawn Thursday in Maguindanao one of the suspects in the 2008 Digos City bus bombing that killed six people and wounded about 30 others.
Also arrested was Mahal Matalam, chair of Barangay Penfarm, Datu Paglas, Maguindanao, where Makauyag had been hiding since the  Metro Shuttle bus bombing at Digos City terminal. Makauyag, alias Madz, did not resist arrest but appeared to be puzzled why he was arrested. The Al-Khobar extortion group, composed of former Moro rebels turned bandits, was blamed for a series of bus bombings in North Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, South Cotabato and Davao del Sur after the transport firm ignored the group’s extortion demands. Uy said while the arresting agents were readying the warrant against Makauyag, other agents searched Matalam’s house, where high powered guns were recovered.
Uy said the obbject of the operation was Makauyag but they also searched houses nearby, where the firearms were seized. The April 2008 bombing killed six passengers and injured 30 others after the suspects set off a powerful improvised explosive device with cut nails as shrapnel. It was placed on an overhead bin of Metro Shuttle Bus which was heading for Malita, Davao del Sur, from Davao City and had a brief stopover at the Digos terminal. Al-Khobar at the time was demanding a P500,000 “protection money” from the bus firm, according to then Supt. A certain Tahir Sindai, another alleged gang member, was arrested by a police special unit in Buluan, Maguindanao, in May 2014 also for his alleged involvement in the Digos  bombing. CEBU CITY, Philippines—The Provincial Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Office (PDRRMO) will recommend that canyoneering activities in the towns of Alegria and Badian in southern Cebu be suspended starting June 1 until regulations are put in place to ensure public safety. Tribunalo said a team that he sent to the area to conduct an assessment came up with the recommendation, which will be presented to Gov. He said there has been a proliferation of tour guides who claimed to have undergone training from the provincial government, but actually have not. Environmental issues, such as improper waste disposal, should also be addressed, Tribunalo added. He warned that if canyoneering activities persisted in the area, untoward incidents might happen during the rainy season. She said concerned local government units (LGUs) came up with policies regarding canyoneering activities a few months ago but implementation was postponed after tour operators asked for a moratorium during summer to accommodate the visitors. Among the guidelines the local governments intend to impose are the need for tour operators to be recognized or accredited by the municipal or provincial governments, tour guides need to undergo training with the PDRRMO on swift water rescue, and stricter rules are needed on the disposal of garbage in the area. BEIJING—China’s top general is calling on Japan to speed up work on the disposal of chemical weapons left in China at the end of World War II.
China has been at pains to counter attempts by some in Japan use Obama’s visit to portray their country as a war victim. So bad is the Philippines’ drug problem that Filipinos overwhelmingly voted into the presidency a man whose main platform centers on stamping out crime, particularly the trade in illegal drugs, within three to six months after assuming office.
The deaths of five people who attended the open-air Closeup Forever Summer Concert at the Mall of Asia on May 21 suggest the pervasiveness of the drug culture and the easy access to highly regulated substances even in very public venues. The five fatalities—aged 18 to 33, one an American—were found unconscious at different places in the concert grounds; they died in hospitals hours later. Expressing regret over the deaths, the concert organizers said they were cooperating with authorities in the investigation and that “very stringent measures and precautions” were in place during the event. Police have disavowed responsibility for the incident, citing an internal arrangement with organizers about taking charge only of perimeter security. Dancing to and otherwise enthused by the music, some 14,000 young bodies gratefully partook of cold drinks reportedly being passed around. Investigators are looking into reports that the five had taken party drugs that contain a cocktail of shabu, the recreational drug ecstasy, and cialis, a drug used to treat erectile dysfunction. And the Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency (PDEA) must push for an intensive investigation: Should a new police protocol be drafted to make law enforcement more effective even in private and ticketed events? It seems good news that we are again the fastest growing economy in Asia, and possibly the world, with the 6.9 percent reported annual growth rate of our gross domestic product (GDP) in the first quarter. Three world economic and financial giants recently came out calling for a serious review of how economies measure their performance. With all its limitations and shortcomings, GDP remains the most widely used measure for assessing the performance of economies worldwide.
At the aggregate level, growth in GDP says nothing about how output and incomes are distributed. At the individual level, even economists themselves have long questioned the premise that increased income or access to goods and services leads to improved wellbeing or greater happiness. In other words, we humans can increase happiness not just from consuming more goods and services. A true anecdote from the Kingdom of Bhutan, where its former king had prominently championed the concept of gross national happiness, drives the point home quite clearly. With world-renowned economists now calling for it, we may soon see serious efforts to revisit our standard measures of economic performance, or more importantly, economic wellbeing. Stiglitz aptly summed up why we need to find a better measure: “What we measure informs what we do. When the renowned Filipino sculptor Eduardo Castrillo passed away last week at 73, news reports about him included the enumeration of many of his bigger-than-life metal monuments—historical, sociopolitical, religious—that are familiar to the public. But there was no mention of the one at the Bantayog ng mga Bayani compound in Quezon City, where heroes and martyrs who fought against tyranny during the dark years of the Marcos dictatorship are memorialized.
Soaring to the sky, this 45-foot bronze monument by Castrillo depicts a mother trying, with one hand, to raise from the ground a fallen son, while her other hand is raised to the heavens in defiance. If you were one of those who experienced the excesses of the Marcos regime and the cruelty that defined it, if you lost loved ones—family members, friends, colleagues and comrades—during that despicable era, you would shudder at the memory when you look up and lay your eyes on Castrillo’s work. The Bantayog complex now includes a P16-million building which houses a small auditorium, library, archives and museum.
I wish I had interviewed Castrillo long ago to ask him how he came to depict the defiant mother and her fallen son in that way, what inspired him, what he knew about the persons for whom his piece of art in bronze would be dedicated.
What I learned just now is that the Bantayog monument was commissioned by a donor for a seven-digit price. A short distance from the monument to the heroes and martyrs is a black granite wall of remembrance where the first 65 names were etched in 1992. All of them were opposed to the martial law regime of the dictator Ferdinand Marcos and considered freedom advocates. The monument, the commemorative wall and other structures at the Bantayog complex are dedicated to the nation’s modern-day martyrs and heroes who fought against all odds to help restore freedom, peace, justice, truth and democracy in the country.
Bantayog plans to expand its information activities that would include publishing biographies, dissemination of informative materials, film showings, roving exhibitions and museum tours. Like many of his bronze creations that reach out to the sky, may Castrillo’s spirit reach out and soar to the heavens. The centuries-old proverb “For want of a nail” has many variations, but these tell us only one thing: that a seemingly small or unimportant act of omission can lead to grave consequences. If I may draw a parallel to the proverb, President Aquino was unhorsed, his anointed successor Mar Roxas did not make it in the presidential election, and the chance to continue the daang matuwid legacy was lost. Instead of allowing his spokespersons to react and defend him awkwardly for every public criticism, P-Noy could have done a regular TV “fireside chat” to talk directly to families in the comfort of their homes, to explain significant happenings in clear, intimate language without being misquoted, and without the adulterated bias of irresponsible media reporters and editors. US President Franklin Delano Roosevelt was the first president to effectively use radio to communicate directly with citizens in their own homes. Direct communication with the people was specially needed to quell damaging rumors on Facebook and other social media concerning sensitive issues that mattered, such as the truth about the “Yolanda” recovery efforts, the truth about the Mamasapano clash, and the truth about the breakdown of MRT trains. The people’s frustration with the Aquino administration resulted in a mass movement for change. In the area of public works, Secretary Rogelio Singson was a giant of a man, working quietly and tirelessly in building more than 12,000 kilometers of road infrastructures and breaking down the culture of corruption in public works.
Now that the daang matuwid kingdom is lost, the President is starting to report his remarkable achievements in social and traditional media, and people are wondering why they never knew these things before.
The best way to prevent an image crisis is to build, enhance and protect your reputation with honest storytelling from the very start of your public life.
From a democratization standpoint, one of the crucial questions on the 2016 presidential election that need to be answered is how an in-your-face authoritarian candidate like Rodrigo Duterte triumphed in a consolidated democracy.
The first reality is that Duterte’s real uniqueness is not that he is a political outsider initially unsupported by major political parties and big business. Instead, his uniqueness is that he is the first ever presidential candidate of this country who explicitly threatened to become a dictator if democratic institutions stand in his way once he is elected president. Just to put his uniqueness in perspective, not even Ferdinand Marcos, whether the senior or the junior, ran on such an openly and brazenly prodictatorship platform. And because he won, he will be the first president of this country who can actually claim to have the electoral mandate to end democracy if he finds it necessary to do so. Taking a dark turn on the democratic ideal of keeping one’s electoral promises, he can stare Philippine democracy in the eye as he puts a gun to its head and rhetorically asks it: Did I not vow that I will close down Congress and set aside the courts and make myself a dictator if things do not go my way?
The second reality is that Philippine democracy under Benigno Aquino III is a stable, consolidated democracy.
While this administration is by no means an unqualified success story, modest improvements in key economic and governance indicators have been achieved under Mr. These also include technological (the elections were the country’s first social media elections and only the Duterte camp fully understood this fact), cultural (Filipino rebelliousness against incumbents or Filipino gullibility to messiahs), psychological (fascist attraction or Freudian id release), international (global resurgence of authoritarianism), and institutional (president is elected by plurality vote) explanations. Riding on the crest of Duterte’s spectacular surge, these analyses suddenly saw the weaknesses of Philippine politics, economy, society and democracy in a new and much harsher light.
But such analyses ignore one of the basic insights of democratic theorizing on elections in a competitive regime: that elections create identities, narratives, paradigms and, yes, zeitgeists, and not just the other way around. Surprisingly, alternative explanations to Duterte’s striking victory in a consolidated democracy might lie in studying the lessons of the equally dramatic triumph of another candidate in the vice-presidential race: the come-from-(way)-behind victory of Rep. Gene Lacza Pilapil is an assistant professor of political science at the University of the Philippines Diliman. This has always been one of the major deterrents to investment, foreign and local: an administration that thinks only in six-year terms, and changes the commitments of its predecessor.
I’m no expert on this, but if I were Duterte, I’d do three things: 1) Move general aviation and the Air Force to Sangley Point immediately.
There are other areas where change is needed, too, and truly opening up the economy by removing the constitutional restrictions on foreign equity is one of them. The bill to create a Department of Information and Communications Technology was one of them, but this has now been signed by Mr. Social media has changed the way we live, from how we interact with other people and  how we articulate our views in life to how we purchase things.
I was 12 when I first made a social media account, not because I needed it, but because my friends had one. Have you ever had that bizarre feeling of your phone vibrating in your pocket when in fact it’s not? Social media is a constant stream of information and entertainment that hooks users to keep on scrolling. When I temporarily gave up social media, I learned that I have more free time than I have ever thought. Research shows that young adults who frequently check their social media are most likely to have sleep problems. You may have hundreds or thousands of followers, yet still feel the agonizing buzz of crowded loneliness. During the period of my social media fasting, I realized that meeting friends as opposed to chatting with them online is more expensive.
Checking social media becomes unconscious behavior, at least for me, but after my unplugging, I can say that I have fewer cravings. Julie Ruth Gagarin, 22, is an advertising and public relations graduate of Polytechnic University of the Philippines. The reported appointment of Mark Villar, son of former Senate president Manuel Villar and incumbent Sen.
Some, if not many, Filipinos think that the decision by presumptive President-elect Rodrigo Duterte is “flawed.” Why?
Worse, political patronage is a travesty of the “change” that Duterte has promised to pursue under his administration. However, Villar can be much better than the present public works secretary whose projects, like the notorious reblocking, road widening and double asphalt overlay, are not needed.
It would better serve the presumptive President-elect if he reconsiders his offer to the young Villar who just won a seat in Congress.
Before it’s too late, presumptive President-elect Rodrigo Duterte should listen and take seriously the criticisms hurled by media on his handpicked, would-be Cabinet secretaries. Duterte might suffer the same fate as that of outgoing President Aquino whose loyalty to his friends, relatives and closed associates tarnished his image and further eroded his popularity. The majority of Filipinos are behind Duterte 100 percent and wish him to succeed in office as president of the Philippines.
THE LOCAL stock barometer ended a three-day run-up on Thursday, weighed down by a $250-million JG Summit share-sale and fresh valuation jitters. JG Summit, the day’s most actively traded company, has a 6.88 percent weight on the PSEi basket.
Value turnover at the local stock market swelled to P18.63 billion because of the JG Summit deal.
With JG Summit’s decline, the holding firm counter fell by 2.17 percent while the financial, industrial, services and property counters all declined. There were 109 decliners that overwhelmed 65 advancers at the market while 56 stocks were unchanged. MPI also declined by 2.59 percent while Globe, SMIC, SM Prime, Metrobank and Jollibee all tumbled by over 1 percent. Across the region, stock markets were mostly higher alongside an increase in global oil prices. Fiji Airways and Jetstar on Thursday announced the launch of an interline partnership to provide seamless, single ticket air travel from the Philippines to Fiji, and onwards in the South Pacific for the first time. The new commercial agreement between the Fijian flag carrier and the Jetstar Group of branded airlines including Jetstar Airways, Jetstar Asia, Jetstar Japan and Jetstar Pacific, will connect Fiji Airways’ newly launched Singapore to Nadi route, with more than 21 destinations on Jetstar’s network from Singapore, including the Philippines.
Fiji Airways commenced twice-weekly direct flights to Singapore on 5 April 2016, creating the first ever direct flights between Southeast Asia and the South Pacific.
While the agreement covers all 73 destinations served by the Jetstar Group, including Jetstar Airways in Australia, the immediate take-up will be for Jetstar destinations from Singapore. Fiji Airways and Jetstar customers will be able to book flights and check-through baggage when purchasing tickets from Fiji Airways’ sales channels, including its website, online travel sites, sales offices and reservation centers. This deal leaves Gokongwei with about a little over 58 million shares or about 0.8 percent stake in JG Summit, which is into snackfood and beverage manufacturing, airline, petrochemicals, property and banking businesses. SINGAPORE, Singapore — Brent crude passed $50 a barrel for the first time in 2016 on Thursday after data showed a fall in US crude inventories, adding to expectations of a tightening global market. The gains came as markets digested news that US commercial crude oil inventories fell by 4.2 million barrels in the week to May 20, according to US Department of Energy data.
Both pricing standards have been edging close to the $50 mark for a fortnight but a strong US dollar had curtailed gains. A firmer greenback, which has been performing stronger against major currencies, makes dollar-priced commodities like oil more expensive, hampering demand. Aside from the stronger dollar, major exporter Iran has also vowed to keep up oil production after the lifting of Western sanctions in January, further fueling the supply glut. The global oil market nosedived from above $100 a barrel two years ago to around $27 in early 2016, plagued by a stubborn glut.
Prices have since rebounded, aided by the weeks of wildfires in Canada as well as unrest affecting energy infrastructure in Nigeria, Africa’s biggest oil exporter. Markets are now eyeing a June 2 meeting of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries in Vienna where it is hoped a deal on reducing production can be reached.
Last month, talks in Doha involving OPEC members and other major producers such as Russia failed to reach a deal to cap production.
NEW YORK, United States — Oil prices surged to the highest levels this year Wednesday after data showed a fall in US crude inventories that added to expectations of a tightening global market. They have since rebounded, aided by weeks of wildfires in Canada that have curbed oil production and unrest affecting energy infrastructure in Nigeria, Africa’s biggest oil exporter. Presumptive President-elect Rodrigo Duterte’s stern warning for the two dominant telecommunication companies to shape up has emboldened the Philippine Competition Commission (PCC) as it vowed to look into possible uncompetitive business practices in the provision of Internet services.
Duterte said Monday that he would open the country to foreign telco players that could provide better service if the existing firms would not do something to improve Internet connection and access. The PCC chief lamented that he himself suffered from poor Internet service despite high costs shelled out by consumers. In the drafting of a national competition policy to be led by the National Economic and Development Authority (Neda) and the PCC, Balisacan noted that it would help that the incoming President, who will also head the Neda Board, was pushing for more competitive services sectors, including telecommunications. While the scoping study being conducted by the PCC with regards the priority sectors to be investigated by the body for unfair competition has been delayed, Balisacan said Duterte’s pronouncements with regards his administration’s competition policy would boost the implementation of RA 10667, described as the country’s first foray into antitrust regulation. It would help that government agencies, including the President himself, could lodge a case or complaint to the PCC, Balisacan said. Moving forward, the PCC would investigate uncompetitive sectors, possibly including telecommunications.
The value of investment pledges approved by the Board of Investments (BOI) surged by 64 percent to P117.3 billion in the first four months of the year, reflecting the continued confidence of investors in the Philippines. Among the big ticket projects noted in the first four months of the year were the P16.7-billion project registered by Megawide Cebu Airport Corp. Despite the stellar growth, the Department of Trade and Industry will keep its 5 percent investment growth target.
A manufacturing resurgence, according to Cristobal, was also evident as the sector has consistently surpassed the growth of services for the past nine quarter. A specter commonly  experienced by the banking industry in congressional investigations is the compulsion of our congressmen and senators  to disclose information relating to bank accounts.
Without dealing into specifics such as whether the secrecy of bank deposits covers instances where a bank account is alleged to be fictitious (an issue that only our courts of law can decide under our constitutional system of government), the question is whether or not Congress has the power to compel banks and their officers or employees to disclose to them information relating to “deposits” and “properties and properties in the[ir] custody”  in the course of public hearings in aid of legislation. A perusal of the records of the legislative deliberations indubitably showed Congress was devoid of such power. This state policy was reiterated and made stricter by Congress when it passed the Foreign Currency Deposits Act (R.A.
This strict basic policy which, according to one Supreme Court case  remained “unaltered by the legislated exceptions”, was reiterated by Congress when it passed the General Banking Act. In fact, aside from our courts of law in the limited instances provided by law, only the Anti-Money Laundering Council was expressly authorized to conduct inquiries into bank deposits should prevailing circumstances so warrant and only if certain conditions were satisfied.
Undoubtedly, neither the Senate nor the House of Representatives (much less the individual senators and representatives) can ask banks and their officers or employees to disclose any information on deposits or money and properties in their custody even in aid of legislation.
Nine suspects allegedly involved in circulating fake money were arrested during raids conducted by monetary authorities from January to March this year.
In a statement Wednesday, the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) said operatives of its Currency Issue and Integrity Office undertook four “successful” anti-counterfeiting operations during the first quarter. Between 2010 and the first quarter of this year, 61 anti-counterfeiting operations were conducted by the BSP in cooperation with other law enforcement agencies.
The BSP has police authority to investigate, make arrests, as well as conduct searches and seizures to maintain the currency’s integrity under Republic Act No. The tipsters who provided the BSP information about counterfeiting activities were also given monetary rewards. The BSP said that from 2010, 55 individuals have received monetary reward, the highest of which amounted to P201,000.
Apart from flagship brand Jollibee, which sells the popular fried chicken “Chickenjoy,” its brands Mang Inasal, Chowking, Greenwich and Burger King franchise also sell a significant volume of chicken products. In a disclosure to the Philippine Stock Exchange on Wednesday, JFC said it had entered into an agreement with Cargill Philippines Inc. This partnership is estimated to create around 1,000 new full-time jobs and develop new opportunities in the farming community in Batangas and nearby provinces as local poultry farmers are contracted to grow chicken to supply the requirements of the processing plant. Cargill will hold a 70-percent stake in the venture while JFC will own the remaining 30 percent. JFC will also have a 30-percent stake in the realty firm from which CJPMPI will lease the land on which the processing plant will be located. JFC chief executive officer Ernesto Tanmantiong said in a press statement: “We partnered with Cargill to deliver high quality chicken products through Cargill’s technology and quality standards. JFC will also invest P15.2 million in its 30-percent stake in the realty firm from which CJPMPI will lease the land. The JFC group operates a total of 3,158 stores worldwide, of which 2,506 are in the Philippines. Nate Diaz punches Conor McGregor during UFC 196 at the MGM Grand Garden Arena on March 5, 2016 in Las Vegas, Nevada. In an interview with MMA Hour, Diaz called the ongoing negotiations for a fight between UFC featherweight champion Conor McGregor and retired boxing champion Floyd Mayweather Jr. It sure has enticed fight fans with both McGregor and Mayweather releasing teasers of a potential match, but Diaz sees the fiasco as something to just keep the public interested.
DESCRIPTION: Shown here are reproductions of an early road map of the imperial highways of the Roman world, covering the area roughly from southeast England to present day Sri-Lanka.
This Colmar copy was found by Konrad Celtes (1459-1508), a German poet and scholar for the Emperor Maximilian I and later turned over to Konrad Peutinger (1465-1547), Chancellor of Augsburg, in 1508 in Augsburg and has since been known as the Tabula Peutingeriana or Peutinger Tables or Itineraries. In its design, the Peutinger Table makes no pretense of showing the whole world or even its major parts in correct proportion. The proportions of the Peutinger Map are such that distances east-west are represented at a much larger scale than distances north-south; for example, Rome looks as though it were nearer to Carthage than Naples is to Pompeii.
In the Jansoon edition of the Peutinger Table (1652), the first sheet shows a section of southeastern England protruding from the title cartouche, with the roads and harbors marked. The Colmar manuscript of the Peutinger Tables, also known as Codex Vindobonensis 324, is presently in the National Bibliothek, Vienna and has been divided into sections for preservation.
The Peutinger Map was primarily drawn to show main roads, totaling some 70,000 Roman miles (104,000 km), and to depict features such as staging posts, spas, distances between stages, large rivers, and forests (represented as groups of trees). Around the personification of Rome - a female figure on a throne holding a globe, a spear, and a shield - are twelve main roads, each with its name attached, a practice not adopted elsewhere. Ostia is shown with a harbor occupying about one-third of a circle, in a fashion similar to that of miniatures in the early manuscripts of Virgila€™s Aeneid. The road network is thought to have been based (at least within the empire) on information held by the cursus publicus, responsible for organizing the official transport system set up by Augustus. The part of the British section of the Peutinger Map that survives is so fragmentary that it covers only a limited area of the southeast, not even including London, and an even smaller area around Exeter. Owing to the shape of the map, the Nile could not be represented as a long river if it were made to flow northward throughout its course. Late antiquity is considered as a relatively autonomous historical period, that according to certain scholars is extended from 200 A.D. These maps were used with a multitude of functions, including the use of maps as cadastral and legal records, as aids to travelers, to commemorate military and religious events, as strategic documents, as political propaganda and for academic and educational purposes. The object of this study is focused on the cartographic genre of itineraria picta and more specifically on the Tabula Peutingeriana, a road map prepared in order to show the roads of the empire over a total distance of 104,000 km. According to actual cartographic terminology Tabula Peutingeriana is a typical example of a thematic road map preserving mainly the topology of geographic continuity rather than the conventional cartographic representation.
Depicting in topological consistency the road network and offering travel information to its users (by showing the road network, the settlements, the staging posts, the partial distances, the cities of various type, depending on their size and significance etc. As discussed in the article by Dr Dimitris Drakoulis, a€?The study of late antique cartography through web base sourcesa€?, e-Perimetron, Vol. The second most important road axis, the Via Egnatia, ran crosswise through the Balkans and provided communications between the Adriatic, the Aegean, and the Propontis, between Rome and Constantinople. The borders of the Roman Empire in his northern regions correspond to the flow of the river Danubius, while the eastern limits correspond to the flow of the Tigris River. The road network is represented with red distressed (zigzag) line, that denotes the corresponding changes of horses, with distances between stations, expressed in roman miles (milia passus = 1,4815 km) for all the territory. There exist three cities of the First Level, Roma, Constantinopolis and Antiocheia, represented as female incarnations, Tychai of the cities, that constitute the three capitals a€“ imperial residences of the Empire. There exist six Second Level cities, which are represented in the form of fortresses with walls, bastions and deferring number of towers. Most of the pictures represent Third Level cities, provincial capitals (metropoleis) and important commercial centers (Figure 7). The network of settlements is supplemented with the insertion of stations - mansiones and points of change of horses - mutationes that constitutes the intermediary turning-points between the various central places. A number of settlements are represented according to particular uses and functions of space that are attributed with the particular characteristics of the shells that support the function. There exist in total 33 temples located usually in colonies and points of local adoration, for example in the Balkans (Ad Dianam), in Africa, (Ad Herculem, Temple Jovis, Ad Mercurium, Temple Veneris), while in Egypt can be found three temples of Serapis and three of Isis.
The defensive function is present in all the representations of cities, a fact that is considered in the context of a period after the imperial pax romana. Recreational functions are represented with thermal baths, portrayed with square structures, with a closed facade and in the center a swimming pool. Lighthouses are found in Alexandria, Egypt, in Chrissopolis [Uskudar] and in Jovisurius in the entry of Euxeinus Pontus.
The iconographic system of the Tabula Peutingeriana is based upon a hierarchical structure that represents the settlements network, with a process of symbolic generalizations and personifications, in the period of the successors of Constantine the Great.
The reliability of map has been placed under contestation by many scholars, in regard to the precision of settlements locations and distances that represent. Albu, Emily, a€?Imperial Geography and the Medieval Peutinger Mapa€?, Imago Mundi, Volume 57, June 2005, pp. Drakoulis, Dr Dimitris, a€?The study of late antique cartography through web base sourcesa€?, e-Perimetron, Vol.
Fowden a€“ Athanasiadi P., a€?The successors of Great Constantinea€? (in Greek), Istoria Ellinikou Ethnous. Salway, Benet, a€?The Nature and Genesis of the Peutinger Mapa€?, Imago Mundi, Volume 57, June 2005, pp. The Peutinger Map was primarily drawn to show main roads, totaling some 70,000 Roman milesA  (104,000 km), and to depict features such as staging posts, spas, distances between stages, large rivers, and forests (represented as groups of trees).
As discussed in the article by Dr Dimitris Drakoulis,A  a€?The study of late antique cartography through web base sourcesa€?, e-Perimetron, Vol. He was the first person I talked to that seemed real, down to earth, serious and responsible. The text based nature of this website allowed personal freedom and guidance in my own love life. Then I really hit it off with one guy in particular we have been dating for a few months now.
We have been together as a couple since this date and are planning to get married September 22, 2011 and thought you would like to know. I never try these sites out, but if I didn't try this out I would've never found the love of my life. My experience was only from singles bars, set-ups, coworker (always a potential for disaster) or just a simple bump into at the supermarket, this new way of finding your soul mate was uncharted territory. I remember constantly being depressed almost everyday and calling my girlfriend Amy, up from work complaining about how sad and lonely I was, it was pathetic. Being a young woman, I am not ready for marriage, and I enjoy casual dating and night life.
Being slightly shy and a busy working woman, I did not have any free time in order to partake in extensive and expensive dating that was extremely awkward.
There is a story, a love story, about two young people who meet online, on a text dating site, in a moment of their life when they didn?t think they would find their partner. The city is probably the world's most important financial center, and one of the most important cultural centers of the Western world. Each borough elects a Borough President, but under the current city charter, the Borough President's powers are limited--he or she has a small discretionary budget to spend on projects within the borough. The population of the City of New York is more than eight million (2000 US Census), with the population of the entire metropolitan area at around 20 million.


Residents generally refer to New York City (or just Manhattan) as "New York" or "the city". In fact, the city has a high crime rate compared to the United States of America at large, but a relatively low rate compared to other North American cities. Bloomberg had come to prominence as an expert on Wall Street, which had brought him great wealth, but the mayoralty is his first political office.
His bid for United States Senator from New York State was aborted by treatment for cancer and controversy over his affair with Judith Nathan.
That town, at the southern tip of Manhattan, was called New Amsterdam (Nieuw Amsterdam), and was the main city of the Dutch colony of New Netherlands.
The British renamed the colony New York, after James II of England, who sponsored the takeover and who was at that time the Duke of York. Patrick's Day was celebrated in New York City for the first time at the Crown and Thistle Tavern on March 17, 1756. By 1835 Manhattan overtook Philadelphia as the most populous city and established itself as the financial and mercantile capital of the western hemisphere. The song gave its name to a film directed by Martin Scorsese (see New York, New York (film)[?]).
Opicinus was a minor functionary and scribe at the papal court, which had moved to Avignon some thirty years earlier, and luckily for us he kept a kind of day-book that still survives. Numerous scholars such as Camille, Kris and Salomon point to Opicinusa€™ a€?frequenta€? self-representation in the drawings. Medieval mappaemundi often organized the land-forms of the earth around the shape of a crucifix (sometimes even a cruciform body), medieval astrological drawings commonly showed human figures at the center of cosmic and planetary networks, and the concepts of macrocosm and microcosm had been fully developed for a millennium.
It is possible, and productive, to partially separate Opicinusa€™ texts from his diagrams and pictures, especially those that represent his body-worlds vision.
Opicinusa€™ works present a conundrum when it comes to audience and reception, since there is no textual or visual evidence that anyone ever actually saw the drawings. Their unusual forms complicate our most basic assumptions about what and how medieval artists could represent.
These structures form the core of the drawingsa€™ disorientation and strangeness a€” maps are piled on top of other maps, sometimes transparent and sometimes opaque, in a seemingly endless play of permeability and superimposition. Some drawings contain one chart, others up to four; sometimes the continents and seas are embodied, while other times they are left plain.
His drawings are so diverse and disorienting that generalizations about their design or meaning are difficult and often misleading. These drawings depict a single Africa and a single Europe, separated by the Mediterranean Sea. The figure of Africa appears to be a woman; she is labeled Babilon maledicta [cursed Babylon] by the small caption above her forehead. Captions suggest various identities: Christ, Opicinus, and a female personification of prudence are all indicated.
The face is smooth and beardless (many male figures in Opicinusa€™ work wear beards), and has long, flowing hair.
According to Whittington it is mainly a confrontation between two figures: a figure of Babylon (probably representing Islam) and a figure of Christianity. This interplay between the local and the global is not unusual within Opicinusa€™ texts and captions on other drawings, which often comment on the everyday world of his youth and family (we must remember that he made these drawings in Avignon, not Pavia), but the specific visual alignment of parts of Pavia with parts of the Mediterranean region is unique in these three drawings. In the bottom right corner of the page is a caption that reads, a€?Just as the islands of purgatory pay a tax to the Roman Church, so too the Chapel of St. Opicinus seems to say that when any two maps are placed in relation to each other, if they are true empirical representations of Goda€™s created earth, one will find correspondences between them. One interprets the significance of the placement of Opicinusa€™ home parish district, around the Chapel of Saint Mary, delineated with a red outline near Tunisia and Sicily on the lower map. 84v each part of Opicinusa€™ hometown is given multiple interpretations, usually based on its placement on the portolan chart, but other times simply based on etymological connections, family stories, dreams, or coincidence. Certainly the drawing contains multiple levels of reality: it is an allegorical depiction of three body-world characters in contact and dialogue, a depiction of the structural connections between local and regional realities, and a series of interpretive musings about the significance of these connections for Opicinusa€™ own life and family. As the reader may already have noticed, this grid strongly evokes the rhumb-line grids that were placed over contemporary portolan charts. 61r he uses the skeletons of two portolan charts of the Mediterranean region, which have been rotated and overlapped to form one image. 61r, parts of each of the charts remain intact, while others are distorted or hidden by the overlapping forms.
In this particular example, the map shows the natural world at the bottom and the spiritual world at the top: labels on the drawing indicate that Affrica naturalis ypocrita and Europa naturalis occupy the continents of the smaller chart while Affrica spiritualis and Europa spiritualis talk to each other in the larger chart above. Europa naturalis bears a tarasque (a river demon from the Rhone) and Europa spiritualis contains an image of Christ showing his wounds, his side-wound situated suggestively close to Avignon, where Opicinus was living when he made the drawing. The message itself is simple enough: one must abandon the external senses that lead to sin in order to follow the internal senses to redemption.
58r of the Vaticanus Opicinus combines four small embodied portolan charts to create juxtapositions between the four seasons, the four cardinal directions, and the four states of the soul. 82r, we see many of the principles and techniques of the other drawings pushed to the limits of recognition and interpretability.
On its surface lie two complete portolan outlines that retain the white color of the paper. On the upper half of the page, the brown labels all point out the location of cities on the colored chart, even though all lie on the space of the white chart; they indicate the continued presence of the map below, even when it is obscured by the upper chart. At the precise center of the drawing, a cruciform shape is formed by the two mirrored shapes of Asia Minor and the Holy Land; Asia Minor forms the two arms, and the land below forms the body of a cruciform vestment.
While other drawings seem designed to convey a single allegory or a primary confrontation between figures (which are often reinforced by the particular cartographic forms that Opicinus chose for the drawing), this drawing resists this type of analysis. According to the letter, this is a heretical position, since one species cannot be transformed into another. 84v, there are several depictions (or suggestions) of male genitalia in the Vaticanus manuscript, each of which is unique. 1350), a Pavian who worked at the papal court in Avignon, drew a series of imaginative maps, while acknowledging in a text written between 1334 and 1338 his use of nautical charts. Upon landing back at the airport, a flight steward announced the plane was no longer safe to fly. They attributed the discrepancies to multiple electronic transmissions of election results.
Arcadio Ronquillo, Batangas police director, said slain victim Papa Hornilla, 64, and his 15-year-old grandson Gerald Samonte were on board an owner-type jeep when the suspects fired at them around 2 p.m. Everest, while attempts were being made to retrieve the bodies of two other climbers and to locate two more who went missing on the world’s tallest mountain.
Strydom and Paul also apparently suffered altitude sickness, with Strydom dying on Saturday while Paul succumbed on Monday. But there was little time left for the search, with bad weather and monsoon rains expected to pick up at the end of May. Many had hoped for a safe season, after avalanche disasters left 19 people dead in 2015 and 16 Sherpa guides in 2014. Allan Uy, chief of operations of the Philippine National Police Criminal Investigation and Detection Group in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (PNP-CIDG-ARMM), identified the bombing suspect as Kamad Makauyag, 39, a member of the Al-Khobar extortion gang, who was named in the arrest warrant issued by the Digos City Regional Trial Court.
In 2011, police in Kidapawan City arrested Nor Muhammid, 22, an alleged Al-Khobar gang member, in his residence in Barangay (village) Nuangan. We need to look at this again carefully, more so because La Nina is threatening to develop. We will abide by the recommendation of the PDRRMO because we know it is for the good of the whole province,” Magallon said. 30, 2015, photo, US President Barack Obama (left) meets with Chinese President Xi Jinping on the sidelines of the COP21 United Nations Climate Change Conference in Le Bourget, outside Paris. Fan Changlong was visiting a major disposal site Thursday on the eve of President Barack Obama’s visit to a Japanese city destroyed by a US nuclear bomb at the end of the war. And indeed, investigators said the massive heart attack that killed two of the concertgoers was due to high blood pressure, kidney failure and dehydration—all indicators of drug overdose. And yet, according to reports, while some 70 cops were deployed at the venue, no security personnel were visible at the center of the gathering, where the party was said to have been at its wildest. With such lax security measures, and the young’s famous battle cry “Yolo”—you only live once—it’s not unreasonable to suspect that drug pushers and users had their day (and night) at the concert. Unfortunately, such party drugs are often sold online, making it easier for young people with an internet connection to be on party mode. Can drug-sniffing dogs be deployed at concert venues to allow security personnel proper monitoring?
And shouldn’t they have medical personnel trained to handle drug-related emergencies at the venue? But the body count can only go higher, as a recent PDEA report has indicated that in Metro Manila alone, 92 percent of barangays are drug-infested. In separate sessions at the annual meeting of the World Economic Forum (WEF) in Davos, Switzerland, Nobel laureate economist Joseph Stiglitz, International Monetary Fund chief Christine Lagarde and Massachusetts Institute of Technology professor Erik Brynjolfsson all described GDP as a poor indicator of progress. Where there’s a wide gap between a small rich minority and a large number who are poor, rapid GDP growth could come with increased misery, particularly when the benefits of growth accrue mainly to the former.
Economics students are taught that “utility,” economists’ clinical term for “satisfaction” or “happiness,” is directly related to levels of consumption, and that for a rational consumer, more is always better.
We may actually do so from giving more to others as well, drawing joy from the increased joy of others. Many years ago, the Bhutan government reportedly encouraged a prominent and influential farmer to double-crop a high-yielding rice variety. Among these are the People Power Monument on Edsa, the Bonifacio Monument near Manila City Hall, and the Rajah Sulayman Monument in Malate. It is a piece of work that rends the heart and pierces the soul—a timeless reminder that freedom is not free, that freedom comes at a price. Yes, upon gazing at it you would, not only because of the painful events it brings back but also because of the stark poetry in the agony it depicts, the beauty in the defiant stance of a mother who must bear an unspeakable loss.
The 1.5-hectare property was donated by the administration of President Corazon Aquino, through Land Bank of the Philippines, the year after the Marcos dictatorship was toppled and Corazon Aquino was swept to the presidency in 1986. Many names have been added every year since then, bringing to 268 the names on the wall as of 2015.
The way they lived and died varied, but they had heroic streaks that made them worthy to be included in the list of names on the Wall of Remembrance.
All “for want of a nail,” or for want of effective communications that told compelling stories about the accomplishments of the Aquino administration.
As Edward Bernays, the originator of modern public relations, said, PR is “doing good” and “telling the public” about it. We are a forgiving people, and we would have understood if P-Noy said he was deeply sorry for failures and shortcomings beyond his control. The quality management system of the Department of Public Works and Highways is now certified in accordance with the requirements of the ISO (International Organization for Standardization) 9001:2008 standards. Even presumptive President-elect Rody Duterte has openly acknowledged that the P-Noy administration has done very well in its economic programs.
His accomplishments were dismissed and ignored by the electorate during the election campaign.
Agatep is chair and CEO of Grupo Agatep, an integrated marketing communications agency, and a two-term president of the Public Relations Society of the Philippines. It is far from the usual deconsolidated and badly eroded democracies marked by political or economic turmoil that allowed messianic strongmen elsewhere to be elected and to later end or seriously erode their own democracies. Aquino, from economic growth, low inflation, robust antipoverty program and higher employment to better rule of law and anticorruption scores. Aquino in June 2013 that the Social Weather Stations recorded the highest satisfaction rating over how democracy works, at 80 percent.
But a number of these analyses are bedeviled by the sense of inevitability of Duterte’s victory that they convey. These analyses argued that these infirmities explain why only Duterte could win or could have won the four-cornered presidential election.
Leni Robredo over Marcos Jr.  For here it can be seen, in all its shining glory, the triumph of political strategy over zeitgeist, of contingency over inevitability, and of democracy over despair. No doubt there will be a short meeting in some departments, on where things stand, so that progress continues.
But there are some areas where we don’t want continuity, and the overriding one is the exceedingly slow action of an administration that thinks before it acts, and then thinks again. Well, here’s a good first test to prove he’s not just a “mouth”—his word, not mine (it’s hardly good English).
It’s already the second most densely populated city in Asia, and with Manila Bay on one side and Laguna Bay on the other, it has nowhere to go. The incoming president can meet the outgoing one and ask for some last-minute actions on things Mr.
Aquino to rush a bill through Congress to create the post of Metro Manila governor, to whom all city mayors would report. When I became a teenager, I was not really that preoccupied with it, but gradually, my online time increased every year. This is the same as wearing eyeglasses for long: Sometimes a person forgets that he or she is wearing them. Whatever your niche is, social media always has something fresh to entice you to spend more time on the screen. When I am writing and I am suddenly at a loss for words, I used to visit Facebook to relax a bit.
A predictable night for most teenagers and young adults entails going to bed as early as 9 p.m. This is because our mobile phones produce blue light, which is healthy during the day but becomes a foe at night for it blocks the production of melatonin, a hormone that helps us sleep at night.
It’s funny how Facebook recently included the emotion buttons, perhaps to give people the ability to communicate not only their views but also their feelings. Instead of visiting a friend who is sick, we prefer to comment “get well soon” to their statuses.
Remember that because of social media, jobs were created today that never existed in the past 15 years. At the end of the day, social media is not really the problem; how we use it may be the problem.
Cynthia Villar, to the Cabinet position of public works secretary has not been well-received.
We are told that the position was not offered to the young Villar, but was asked by his parents. Our advocacy is for the new President to succeed by appointing the right people to the right positions!!! If he really has to appoint Mark Villar, then he can give him other positions in, say, the Department of Tourism or the Tourism Infrastructure and Enterprise Zone Authority. While it is understandable for the presumptive President-elect to appoint persons who helped him during the campaign, it is important that they are appointed to the right positions to make them effective.
As a result, President Aquino’s daang matuwid was repudiated in the last presidential election as his presidential candidate, former interior secretary Mar Roxas. It also served as catalyst for market investors to cash in,” said Manny Cruz, chief strategist at stock brokerage Asiasec Equities. It also opens new travel possibilities for the growing number of South Pacific travelers looking to explore Asia,” Viljoen added. 8, 2015, file photo, men work on an oil pump during a sandstorm in the desert oil fields of Sakhir, Bahrain.
US benchmark West Texas Intermediate for delivery in July advanced 94 cents to $49.56 a barrel on the New York Mercantile Exchange.
Balisacan said on the sidelines of the public consultation on the implementing guidelines of the Republic Act (RA) No. The BPO [business process outsourcing] sector is very dependent on a very efficient telco industry,” Balisacan noted.
Sources of growth have become more diversified, showing changes in the structure of the economy. The manufacturing sector, he said, regained its strong position as it grew by 8.1 percent in the first quarter of 2016, the highest rate posted in the past even quarters. Underpinned by our new industrial policy, investor confidence in manufacturing has heightened as indicated by rising fixed capital formation expenditure,” he explained. The following excerpts from the deliberations conducted by the House of Representatives in respect to the enactment of the Bank Secrecy Act (R.A. Not only that, but also, it protects the public investors or depositors from any harassment or investigation or inquiry into their bank deposits because the primary object of this bill is to encourage deposits in banks instead of hoarding in private safes of individuals.
1405 readily indicated there was an attempt to include inquiries conducted by Congress in aid of legislation as an exception to the secrecy of bank deposits. On the contrary, Republic Act 1405, as finally passed by Congress,  expressly provided that “all deposits of whatever nature with banks or banking institutions … are hereby considered as of an absolutely confidential nature and may not be examined, inquired or looked into by any person, government official, bureau or office,” except upon the limited instances provided therein. This law expressly provided  that “[n]o  director, officer, employee, or agent of any bank shall … [w]ithout order of a court of competent jurisdiction, disclose to any unauthorized person any information relative to the funds or properties in the custody of the bank belonging to private individuals, corporations, or any other entity …” (Section 55.1(b)). We will continue to maintain our strong relationship with key chicken suppliers in the country and look forward to sustained long term supply arrangements with them as our businesses grow together,” Tanmantiong added. 250 the original tables were, themselves, copied from a larger original map of the first century A.D.
After Peutingera€™s death, two of the twelve sections of the Colmar manuscript were engraved and published in 1591 with annotated text and place-names taken from the sections reproduced.
It is merely a graphic compendium of mileages or basically an itinerary route map with the roads delineated predominantly by straight lines, often with curious jogs.
The archetype may well have been on a papyrus roll, designed for carrying around in a capsa [tool box]. France, Spain, and North Africa with roads, cities and some prominent buildings are also depicted, along with major Mediterranean islands being Corsica and Sardinia. Its date of transcription is 12th or early 13th century, but it has long been recognized as a copy of an ancient map.
It is not a military map, though it could have been used for military purposes but the words of Vegetius give an indication of its possible function. Constantinople is represented by a helmeted female figure seated on a throne and holding in her left hand a spear and a shield. This system, extended under the late empire to troop movements, relied very largely on staging posts at more or less regular intervals; couriers traveled an average of fifty Roman miles (74 km) a day. This can be well illustrated by a name in Italy otherwise recorded only (in corrupt form) in the Ravenna cosmography. Instead it is made to rise in the mountains of Cyrenaica and to flow a€?eastwarda€? to a point just above the delta.
According to the military manual of Vegetius (383a€“395), military commanders possessed itineraria that not only were written (scripta) but also contained drawings in color (picta). Also, the display of world maps was part of an ideology of extended rule, used both by the emperor Theodosius II at Constantinople, in the fifth century, and later by Pope Zachary II in the Lateran Palace at Rome, in the eighth.
It contains the network the main roads (about 100,000 km), the network of settlements, of overnight stations (mansiones) and stations of horse changing that were found in the routes that crossed the late empire. The strongly deformed shape, mainly in terms of latitude, does not preserve any rational cartographic scale or orientation in any of Tabulaa€™s twelve sheets. In fragment XI, westwards the Euphrates River we find the text Areae fines Romanorum [end of roman limits] that is followed by representations of Mesopotamia, Persia and India. Exception constitute the regions of Galatia, measured in galloroman leyges (leugae = 2,222 km), the regions of the Persian empire in parasangas, (6 km) and India expressed where the distance are in Indian miles (2 km). These are: Aquila (with 7 towers and a big residential complex), Ravenna (5 towers), Thessalonica (5 towers), Nikomedeia (8 towers), Nicaea (6 towers and a temple or basilica) and Ankara (7 towers) (Figure 6). The basic functional uses, which incorporate corresponding social practices and are drawn with their shells are: 1) religious, 2) political, 3) defensive, 4) recreational and 5) remaining uses. In Italy 15 structures are found, in the Balkans five, in the Asia Minor and in Syria one each, while in Africa there are eight such thermal complexes (Figure 13).
At the top are found three first level cities (Rome, Constantinople, Antiocheia) and then follow six second level cities (Aquilla, Ravenna, Thessalonica, Nicomedeia, Nicaea, Ancara).
The administrative organization and the provinces of late empire are not present and one would have to seek information in other texts of late antiquity (Laterculus Veronensis, Notitia Dignitatum and Hierocles Synekdimos) in order to have a picture of bigger administrative divisions.
A., Romea€™s World, the Puetinger Map Reconsidered, Cambridge University Press, 2010, 357pp. I made a profile on the text dating website and would purposely leave it up so he could stumble across it. I didn?t know if I was too old or just too out of practice, but with encouragement of family, I figured lets give it a go.
Like others, I was also skeptical that how an online site can help me find my life partner.
Having to constantly spend money and spend precious time preparing and prepping was exhausting on my wallet and me.
It was evening, after a few hours of work, the boy arrived home and wanted to check his email.
Text date online and explore before finding the perfect women who loves you for your personality.
The United Nations headquarters is in New York City, giving some credence to the city's self-designation as "capital of the world".
In addition, New York has been growing safer for most of the last decade--FBI data indicate that the murder rate in 2000 was the lowest since 1967.
Bloomberg had been a Democrat until only a short time earlier, but switched to the Republican Party to run for mayor, in order to avoid a crowded Democratic primary. He handled the aftermath of the World Trade Center disaster well, providing much-needed leadership, and greatly increased his popularity. The Dutch origins can still be seen in many names in New York City, such as Brooklyn (from Breukelen), Harlem (from Haarlem), The Bronx (from Pieter Bronck) and Staten Island. The city grew northward, and remained the largest and most important city in the colony of New York. This holiday has since become a yearly city-wide celebration that is famous around the world as the St. A nearly pure form of capitalism created a large upper-middle and upper class, but its need for manpower encouraged immigration on an unprecedented scale, with mixed results. In a passage that describes what sounds like a stroke, Opicinus details how his body slowly became paralyzed; he temporarily lost his ability to speak, and much of his memory.
Opicinus almost always dated the Vaticanus drawings, which were composed between June and November of 1337. The passage describes a visionary experience: through oculus meis interioribus, Opicinus is granted a new view of the earth, one in which the land and the sea take on human attributes.
Most examples, however, lie in the realm of the theoretical, the academic, or the theological.
A significant problem with many previous studies of Opicinusa€™ drawings is that they take a few lines of text, from folios of the Palatinus, or from distant pages of text in the Vaticanus, and use them to a€?explaina€? the content of Opicinusa€™ strangest imagery. The captions (and some of the texts), then, are often the evidence of Opicinusa€™ self-analysis a€” he uses himself as a case study, personalizing the drawings through the text.
Simply put, we do not know if they were ever viewed as more than a curiosity by those who encountered them. Visual parallels to these drawings certainly exist: body-maps have been produced in numerous periods, including such famous examples as the Ebstorf Map (#224, Book II, a medieval world map that placed Christa€™s body in the corners of the earth), the Leo Belgicus (a map of the Netherlands and Belgium formed into the shape of a lion, the earliest example of which dates from 1583), or the Europa Regina, a depiction of Europe as a royal female (see below). In these drawings, Opicinus was not trying to express a single concept or doctrine, but rather to visualize the possibilities raised by an entire new way of looking at the world, based on what he had seen during his visionary experience of 1334. The varied formats of these diagrams cannot be taken for granted a€” their arrangements form a crucial and underexplored aspect of their meaning. But looking at them as a group, perhaps the first thing one notices is that the map itself is incredibly accurate. The drawings in this first a€?categorya€? are not all alike, and there is no evidence that Opicinus thought of them as a group, but finding language to describe and categorize their forms is a critical first step in their interpretation. This folio includes a cartographic picture in the upper two-thirds of the page, and text at the bottom. She is a rare example of a figure with a distinct racial identity: Opicinus darkened her skin with a grey-brown wash, in a clear reference to an African or Middle-Eastern skin tone. One could even identify Europe in this drawing as a kind of conglomerate figure of Christianity. The strongest indicator that the figure is female is the small child lying over Lombardy a€” the area always associated with the womb of the European figure. The simplicity of this contrast stands out despite the extensive texts and interpretations written around it.
Binary themes in similar drawings include a contrast between the mouth of hell and the temple of the Lord (fol.
Opicinus played with this arrangement differently in each of the three drawings, changing the scales and position of the two maps, presumably seeking different correspondences. On the page we see the body-worlds with which we are now familiar: here, a female Europe confronts a female Africa, and the Mediterranean devil lies between them, his head to the east.
84r, in which the scale of the portolan chart is completely different (much smaller in comparison to the grid of Pavia); here, Opicinus identifies different correspondences and comes to different conclusions as a result of the change in scale.
Yet the drawing is all about experimentation, layering, and play; to claim that creating or interpreting a drawing like this is a burden or struggle may be a modern misperception. But Opicinus piles on meanings, multiplies forms, and plays with realities seemingly as a form of experimentation. The grid may offer a clue to Opicinusa€™ working process, or the way he was inspired to create these drawings.
Each of the two charts is rendered in a different scale, with a larger one oriented toward the top of the page and a smaller one pointed toward the bottom. On each map, the western Mediterranean retains its integrity a€” France, Spain, and the northwestern coast of Africa are clearly visible both at the top and the bottom of the page. In the Italian peninsula of the upper map, for example, which is overlapped by the eastern Mediterranean of the lower map, we see the word Roma written over the sea (on the sea-mana€™s forehead), signaling where the city would have been on the map below. Both figures of the a€?natural worlda€? are male (a bearded, older figure in Europe and a tonsured monk in Africa), while both of the a€?spirituala€? figures are female (Africa is a robed nun and Europe is a younger woman with long, flowing hair). The question, just as in the previous examples, is how its meaning is changed, activated, complicated, or simplified by its construction within the doubled and overlapped forms of the portolan charts.
Within the drawing, small lines suggest points of correspondence between elements in each of the four quadrants. The three previous drawings were characteristic of a particular type; in contrast, this drawing is unique in Opicinusa€™ oeuvre. At the top of the page are two labels for Europe and Africa: Europe is the aduena rector novus, the strange new priest, and Africa is the parrochia aliena, the parish of another.
This is labeled in a caption on the right side of the page, which reads a€?behold the vestment of the Church soaked in blood.a€? Opicinus accentuated the form of the vestment by adding a small cutout for the neck.
The longer captions on this folio do not always contain a single focus, and many make no comment at all on the drawing.
But spiritually there is truth in this mirror [i.e., in this drawing], since no heresy, fiction or allegory can be found that in this mirror does not give birth, at least in part, to a certain truth? Here, Opicinus seems to say that men do not transition literally into angels of light or darkness a€” the figures of the priest and parish at the top of the page do not actually become the figures at the bottom of the page. Even as Opicinusa€™ drawings make use of the natural world and empirical science, the arrangement of their forms expresses the detachment from reality that characterizes a dream. At first, we would not identify these as genitalia a€” they are simply two small, robed bodies that stand within the genital region of the European body. Four of these drawings depict the body-worlds, and the reproduction always takes place within the body of the European figure. In each of these drawings, Opicinus drew a small copy of the body-worlds over the area of Lombardy, even extending it slightly into the sea near Genoa. This year’s busy climbing season follows two years of disasters that virtually emptied the mountain. I am just an ordinary farm worker,” he told reporters at the CIDG-ARMM detention cell in Cotabato City. Water in the rivers will rise and we don’t want any deaths so there is a need to revisit policies,” Tribunalo told reporters Wednesday.
By visiting Hiroshima, Obama parachutes himself into a seemingly endless dispute among key US allies and trading partners over World War II. Yang said Fan’s inspection visit was intended to emphasize the importance of the work at the Haerbaling site. The Philippine National Police and the National Bureau of Investigation are conducting parallel inquiries. The five, it appears, were also under the influence of alcohol, which makes for a fatal brew with drugs in most cases. At the admission desks, concertgoers were told to list their names, ages and e-mail addresses as they presented their tickets, but there was no need for IDs. Monitoring such e-commerce sites should certainly be a priority of drug enforcement agents. How about the deployment of undercover agents, to spot possible drug trade during open-air events, or even just to douse the chutzpah of drug dealers? Would it hurt to have posters warning of the fatal mix of party drugs and alcohol, and loudspeakers blaring the same warning before the start of an event? Also, the Philippines has the highest abuse rate for shabu in East Asia, according to the latest UN World Drug Report.
I have written time and again on the need for caution against reading too much into that number, and for everyone to understand what GDP tells us, and what it doesn’t.
All argued for change in how economic and social development are measured—and it seems the time is finally ripe for this.
Both measure the total value of goods and services produced and of total incomes earned in the economy, which are two sides of the same coin. We could also derive satisfaction from doing something enjoyable, such as playing a sport, or even doing our job (hence the word “workaholic”). What were his thoughts and feelings when he saw his creation being hoisted up to its pedestal? And very few spend time worrying about their image and reputation until they get into trouble. His demeanor and informality during these chats kept him in high public regard throughout his unprecedented four terms as US president.
Our economy in 2010 was at $198 billion, but as P-Noy ends his six-year term, our economy has grown to $320 billion, surpassing half of all the presidents of our country for the past 40 years. The opposition parties were one in spreading lies that there was blatant corruption and hopeless incompetence in his governance. Nor that he has an antiestablishment persona of uncouth language and manners that some analysts have romantically labeled as authentic. It was also in June 2013 that the number of Filipinos saying that “democracy is always preferable to any other kind of government”—whom the democratization literature calls “unconditional democrats”—was at a record high of 65 percent.
Aquino himself or his administration; rejection of the post-Edsa “ruling elite democracy,” “oligarchic democracy” or “cacique democracy,” and triumph of the grassroots movement over party machinery) approaches. This is problematic because he was not the survey front-runner, and even found himself in fourth place behind survey laggard Mar Roxas as late as the March 4-7 SWS survey.
Hence, wittingly or unwittingly, they fanned further the man-of-the-hour, zeitgeist narrative of the Duterte camp.
And already Rodrigo Duterte spoke well when he aired the assurance that he’ll continue the policies and programs of President Aquino. I’m involved in a project that would put a marker into gas and diesel to stop the smuggling. This is one area where autonomy is not desirable, and the horrendous traffic mess is partly because of this.
I found myself checking my phone periodically, such as when waiting for an elevator to arrive, when I’m sitting in a bus, when I get up in the morning, while eating my lunch, and before going to bed. According to a research, nine out of 10 people have exhibited phantom vibration syndrome, in which people mistaken an itch or a muscle spasm as phone vibration. The phantom vibration syndrome may not sound like a big deal to our health, but I find it to be very annoying.
It turns out that I was never busy, that I was just diverted, and my time was channeled into some baloney pursuits. I tell myself that I will just scroll for five minutes, but the truth is, it will become 40 minutes.
It makes the flow of information faster and connects everyone regardless of where they’re from.
The first reaction was on the issue of conflict of interest, given that the Villars are into property development. The question is: Has he built roads, bridges and other public works of high construction quality? The appointment of Mark Villar as public works secretary is not a good start for the Duterte administration. If it’s coming from the practices of industry players then we have to address that frontally—we can impose administrative fines. First the growth of manufacturing has outpaced services in the past four years after more than a decade.
I understand that the President can authorize the NBI and other investigating agencies under existing laws to look into all bank deposits of individuals.
It gives such power only to the court, and under the specified circumstances.” [House of Representatives Deliberations on H. There is no exact proportion between the representation and the actual physical elements, but rather a road map that prefers to indicate the road system marked with stopping places and the most prominent towns, while neglecting geographic elements (represented only schematically).
A second edition by Abraham Ortelius was published in Antwerp in 1598 as part of his Theatri Orbis Terrarum Parergon which contained eight of the twelve sections of the Table. Such dating is suggested by the three personifications placed on Rome, Constantinople (labeled Constantinoplis, not Byzantium) and Antioch; and it fits in well enough with biblical references on the map. The second page, comprising Segments III and IV, shows Italy with surrounding islands and landforms bordering adjacent seas. In his will of 1508, the humanist Konrad Celtes of Vienna left to Konrad Peutinger (in whose hands it had been since the previous year) what he called Itinerarium Antonini. They suggest that, whether or not the term itinerarium pictum [painted itinerary] was in current use, it is a convenient phrase for this unique map.
But owing to the personification the city surround is formally shown as a circle, enlarged in proportion to the very narrow width of the Italian peninsula. Nearby is a high column (rather than a lighthouse) surmounted by the statue of a warrior, presumably Constantine the Great. Apart from the personifications, cartographic signs include representations of harbors, altars, granaries, spas, and settlements. The most northerly place extant in Britain appears as Ad Taum; but it is very far removed from the river Tay. On the Gulf of Naples, marked as being six Roman miles from Herculaneum and three miles each from Pompeii and Stabiae [Castellammare di Stabia], is shown a large building with the name Oplont[i]s. The delta itself is shown in less compressed form from south to north than most parts of the Peutinger Map. A number of natural and cultural characteristics are also recorded, such as, rivers, mountains and forests, distances between nodes, public buildings, holy places, thermal baths, etc. Despite its overall deformation, the distances, at least between the main cities, are defined with sufficient accuracy. The deformations of the coastline course and of the geo-shapes in Tabula makes today its reading unfamiliar and complicated for the non-experts, but the thematic information contained is considered of great significance, mostly for the depiction and the semantics of the ancient road net- works in late roman antiquity. From that port, travelers crossed by sea to Dyrrachion and Apollonia and then on to Clodiana, passing various stations on the way around Lake Ohrid to the north, entering Macedonia toward Thessalonike.
A number of natural characteristics are represented also in graphic form, for example, mountain ranges (Monte Taurus), rivers (fl. We have to note the absence of Alexandria which is represented with the use of a big lighthouse as symbol, but without a name, fact that is considered a copyista€™s error. The first, exterior harbor that later was used only as space of reception of boats they were separated from the interior with a peninsula with the imperial Palatium, the theatre, the baths and the Forum. Petrum, close to Rome, a reference to the Basilica that was built in the Vatican hill (Mons Vaticanus), by Constantine the Great and his mother Helen in the place of Circus Neronianus, inaugurated in the 326 A.D. Third level cities are numerous and constitute the provincial capitals, followed by groups of settlements with military, commercial, administrative, religious and recreational functions (walled cities, commercial centers, public administrative buildings, temples, thermal installations), while at the bottom of the hierarchy belong the towns (mansio) and villages (mutatio). However, at the settlements level, we consider that the map represents symbolically, but with precision, the hierarchy of network, fact that is particularly useful for the study of regional and urban organization of late antiquity. There is no exact proportion between the representation and the actual physical elements, but rather a road map that prefers to indicate the road system marked with stopping places and the most prominent towns, while neglecting geographic elements (represented only schematically).A  No copies of the original have survived but a copy of it, now in Vienna, was purportedly made in 1265 by a monk at Colmar who fortunately contented himself with adding a few scriptural names, and who seems to have omitted nothing important that appeared in the original. A number of natural and cultural characteristics are also recorded, such as, rivers, mountains and forests, distances between nodes, public buildings, holy places, thermal baths, etc.A  The digital copy of the Biblioteca Augustana emanates from 1888 Konrad Millera€™s publication. When I connected with my Prince, texting was (and still is) our main form of communication. Boy was I quickly enlightened, from women not yet over their last relationships, to scam artists from Nigeria or Ghana or married women just looking for an ego boost.
One day during my lunch break I called Amy up and she brought up an interesting topic on how to meet men. Instead, in the privacy and comfort of my own home, on a relaxed tone, I was able to personally converse and eventually fall in love with my husband to be. While browsing the internet he saw an ad about a text dating site and from curiosity he entered and started to feel his nickname and a few personal details. Holiday Party, Office Party, Christmas Party, Divorce Party, Cast Party, Many Types Of Events And Parties.
The island of Manhattan was in some measure self-selected as a future metropolis by its extraordinary natural harbor formed by New York Bay (actually an arm of the Atlantic Ocean), the East River (actually a tidal strait) and the Hudson River, all of which are confluent at the southern tip, from which all later development spread. The famed melting pot was brought into being, from which multitudes have since arisen in the successful pursuit of the "American Dream". He returned to these folios frequently in the years that followed a€” many include changes, graphic additions, or new captions, which he dated individually (we find dates from the years 1338-1341, especially). Morsea€™s other crucial innovation, in addition to asserting the rational and intentional basis of Opicinusa€™ thought, was to place the Vaticanus manuscript at the heart of her research. Salomon and others characterize the themes of the Vaticanus manuscript as just an extension of those in the Palatinus.
The shapes of Europe, Africa, and the Mediterranean Sea each contain (or form) a human figure; these are the forms that Whittington calls a€?body-worlds,a€? and they constitute Opicinusa€™ most original and perplexing contribution to 14th century visual culture. One of the things that makes Opicinusa€™ drawings so unusual is that they also incorporate a visual tradition that was practical, empirical, and scientific a€” medieval sea charts, usually called portolan charts.
He often kept adding to the drawings over many years, including new details or textual explanations, and dating them to a specific day. As mentioned above, it seems possible that the Vaticanus was never meant to be viewed by others; much of it is arranged chronologically (like a diary), rather than thematically, and the subject matter of the texts and images suggests a private function. The meaning of such imagery obviously depends on context, but these diverse examples demonstrate how a land, country, or region has often been embodied within a human figure, to show the potential power of that space, or even the dominion of a figure over it. The images of Africa and Europe as human figures were the core of this experience, but the interpretation of the vision was left up to him. According to Whittington the formats of Opicinusa€™ body-world drawings can be grouped into four categories: (1) single portolan charts, (2) portolan charts overlapping with local maps, (3) multiple portolan charts overlapping with each other, and (4) multiple, mirrored portolan charts. The coastlines of the Mediterranean and the relative scale and position of the landforms are almost exactly the same as we know them to be today. The figure appears to be bare-chested, although no breasts are visible (perhaps they are covered by her long hair).
But the label above the head of the figure seems to identify it as Opicinus assuming the identity of a€?the house of God.a€? Another caption in the Mediterranean Sea off the southern coast of France labels the figure as an Ymago Prudentie.
The fact that the face is labeled as Christa€™s would indicate on the surface that the figure is male. Yet beyond the basic characters and the captions, the drawinga€™s meaning is clearly activated or shifted by the placement of the two personifications within the geographical forms of the portolan chart; after all, it is not difficult to imagine a much simpler way to express this confrontation, using only pictures and no maps. The scene is full of interesting and surprisingly graphic details, many of them interpreted in the marginal texts. Such interpretations are, I think, meant as models; as Morse demonstrated, Opicinus hoped that the drawings could be used by others to probe their own consciences and personal histories. Many parts of it must have been intentionally humorous, such as the basket for collecting the sea-mana€™s excrement, the graphic sexual organs, the interpretation of the Europe womana€™s pearl earrings, or the depiction of the Africa womana€™s cloak as a green river.
Even when texts in the Vaticanus indicated the stressors in Opicinusa€™ life a€”spiritual, moral, legal a€” the drawings remain exploratory and even lighthearted. Without any words from him on the subject it is impossible to know where such an idea comes from, but perhaps the grids on the portolan chart(s) from which Opicinus was working reminded him of a gridded map of Pavia that he had seen, or perhaps even made.
The mapsa€™ superimposition encourages the viewer to seek correlations between them, and Opicinus reinforces these correspondences by drawing actual lines and lines of text to connect various parts. He grafts a spiritual system of correspondences and coordinations onto this new representation of the physical world, but specifically includes details that undermine both systems, seeking instead a negotiation between the two. The rota on the breast of Affrica naturalis shows the mental processes that lead to sin: thinking, imagining, deciding, and delighting in (cogitatio, ymaginatio, electio, delectatio) lead the sinner to consent to sin (consensus peccati).
These can either connect the same geographical location between two separate maps (as in the line drawn between the two Carthages on the upper left map and the lower left map), or establish a point of contact between the same physiological parts of two body-worlds on the same map (as in the line drawn between the reproductive areas of the Europe-woman and the Africa-woman in the upper-right map). It contains four complete portolan charts, all the exact same size, placed in careful relation to one another through overlapping and mirroring. This is different from the numerous drawings in the previous category, in which the two charts overlapped one another; here, the two white charts on the surface of the page are both complete diagrams of the region, reflecting one another along an invisible horizontal line in the Holy Land and Asia Minor.
The figures seem to present the encounter between a new priest and his new parish (a situation that Opicinus underwent several times in his early career).


The role of this form in the drawing is ambiguous a€” its cruciform shape and its a€?soaking in blooda€? certainly evoke Christa€™s sacrifice, and its position at the heart of the drawing, precisely where the two white maps are mirrored, suggests that it may be significant in the transition between the two.
One caption on the left side of the page is a short rant about the mosquitoes that were bothering Opicinus while he made the drawing, while another, longer text at the lower left is an extended metaphorical description of the penis, describing how, like a heretic disobeying the Church, the penis disobeys the orders of the body.
It is the caption that tells us something different; over their heads are written the words a€?matrixa€? and a€?virgaa€? a€” womb and penis. Representing pregnancy and birth inside of Europe was a way for Opicinus to convey how both good and evil tendencies enter the world.
Some researchers have convincingly explained this positioning of the tiny body-world figures as indicating a Caesarian birth; as Opicinus explains, the two figures are born through Genoa, the a€?forced porta€? in the stomach of the European figure, rather than through Venice, the a€?natural porta€? of the figurea€™s vaginal canal (Opicinus makes the pun about Venetian a€?canalsa€? several times).
The earliest depiction of Europe as a woman is believed to be by the 14th century Pavian cleric Opicinus de Canistris for the papal court, then at Avignon.
In Tokyo’?s decades-long tug-of-war over history with its neighbors China and South Korea, it?s the American president who could end up losing. At this writing, no one in authority has formally announced drug overdose as cause of death.
Thus, it must have been fairly easy for minors to get in, or for others to sneak in drugs or spiked drinks under their clothes as only bags were inspected. Furthermore, GDP ignores how our children’s future may be compromised by our production and consumption activities today.
Psychologists have long known that happiness or wellbeing can be improved not only from “having,” but also from “doing,” “being” and “being related with.” Humans also have an inherent instinct for altruism, or for caring and sharing, even as economics assumes them to be intrinsically selfish. It was hoped that with him serving as an inspiring example, other farmers would emulate him and thus diffuse the improved technology.
Did he often come around for quiet moments to find inspiration from the heroes and martyrs?
He did the very best that he could, but he stayed quiet about what he was doing and what he stood for.
His economic platform made our economy grow by 6.9 percent in the first quarter of 2016—the fastest expansion since the second quarter of 2013. The two ratings remained high in the most recent SWS democracy survey conducted in December 2015, two months before the start of the presidential campaign. Duterte’s surge in the surveys only happened in the latter half of the campaign, where incidentally this type of analyses started appearing and replacing the earlier ones that said it would be a tight race.
He CAN, because all the studies have been endlessly done over the past two decades, or longer.
3) Develop Clark for the long term and its transport link to the National Capital Region, so it fits into my earlier suggested development of a new capital for the country.
It bothers me that Duterte’s initial announcement is that he’ll give the Department of Environment and Natural Resources to a communist. It turns out that social media cleansing is one of the best detox experiences I’ve had, and I’m planning to do it more often.
From scrolling through my newsfeed, I will end up in a funny video of cats; I watch it on YouTube and the “recommended” button will entice me to watch more.
It has allowed businesses to expand their reach, emerging talents to be discovered, and many more. Which reminds us of the C-5 extension controversy, where Villar the father, then a senator, allegedly used his influence with the Department of Public Works and Highways so that the C-5 Road Extension would pass through his real estate properties and connect to a link road adjacent to more of his commercial land. I upgraded to a higher [priced] subscription, I thought I’d get a better service—I did not,” Balisacan said.
If it’s a cartel issue, there’s also a criminal aspect to that and they could be prosecuted by the Department of Justice,” Balisacan said.
Rodolfo said in a briefing Wednesday that the significant growth in investment approvals was driven by infrastructure and energy projects. Although services has been the main growth driver of the economy for the past decades, manufacturing has been contributing substantially since 2013,” Cristobal said. Numerous other engraved reproductions were made until 1753 when it was finally reproduced in its entirety. The map does not conform to the rules of any projection, nor is it possible to apply a constant scale to determine distances from place to place; for these measurements we have to refer to the figures written in by the author. In the extant map a north-south road tends to appear at only a slightly different angle from an east-west one, and distances are calculated not by the mapa€™s scale but by adding up the mileages of successive staging posts. This was not justified as a title: it is indeed a road map, but not connected with the Antonine emperors and different from the Antonine Itineraries. The distances are normally recorded in Roman miles, but for Gaul they are in leagues, for Persian lands in parasangs, and for India evidently in Indian miles.
The Via Triumphalis is indicated as leading to a church of Saint Peter; the words ad scm [sanctum] Petrum are given in large minuscules on the medieval copy. Antioch has a similar female personification, perhaps originating in a statue of the Tyche [fortune] of the city, together with arches of an aqueduct or possibly of a bridge.
This name, however, really consists of the ends of [Ven]ta [Icenor]um (Caistor Saint Edmund, Norwich), and the only unusual feature is ad, which may have belonged to an adjacent name.
The distributaries of the Nile are shown to have many islands, three of them marked with temples of Serapis, three with temples of Isis, while the roads are somewhat discontinuous. The corpus of late antique cartography comprises two categories of sources: sources in written form (itineraria scripta) and depicted documents (itineraria picta).
The map depicts the road network in the Roman Empire, almost 70,000 roman miles long which equals roughly 104,000 km of roads length and sea routes.
This road was the continuation of the great military highway that began on the shores of the North Sea, ascended the valley of the Rhine, passed through Milan and Aquileia and then descended the valley of the Drava to cross the Sava River at Sirmium [Mitrovica]. It passed through Lychnidos and Herakleia Lynkestis (Bitola) and continued passing Lake Vegoritis and descending the upper valley of the Aliakmon to Pella. The interior harbor was delimited by the deposits of unloading of boats and a gallery (porticus), which were renovated by Constantine the Great. The presence of Jerusalem in the map is of small importance, as the text next to her, that a€?first was called Jerusalem, but now Aelia Capitolinaa€?, makes reference to the emperor Adrian who gave this name to the city. Developing further the information it contains, scholars generally think that the Tabula Peutingeriana, despite the inaccuracy of the design, despite the fact that it does not obey to any type of projectional system, still constitutes an epitome of geographic knowledge of late antiquity, knowledge that is precious for the study of the historical geography of the Roman Empire. Historisch-geographischer AbriAY ihres mittelalterlichen Staates im A¶stlichen Mittelmeerraum (Byz. We have been attached as if we were meant to be together from the moment life began for each of us. After being on this site for only one month, I met a guy who I would have never crossed paths with. I found my soul mate Jane in the site within the first two weeks after registering with the site. I?ve gone on dates with the most handsome of men, found my prince charming which is now my fianc?e, and meet so many extraordinary and interesting people whom my fianc?e and I are still friends with til? She told me about this text dating website she used in the past to find the man she?s with now. Appealing to the new technological crowd, this concept allows one to enjoy ones time without worrying about the future. Our daily texts concerning our days, likes and dislikes, eventually dissipated my fears and allowed me to become personally involved with someone. Once he entered in that world he felt he is in the right place to relax chatting with some people who didn?t know anything about him.
Have The Jellin Girls Introduce You To Other Great People In New York City's Top Night Clubs.
Also of prime importance was the presence of deep fresh water aquifers near the southern tip, especially the Collect Pond[?]. But countless others failed to rise, or entire generations were forced to plough themselves under for their children or grandchildren to rise. The dating of the Palatinus is more complicated a€” the large autobiographical calendar on fol. The Vaticanus was often mentioned by earlier authors, but had never been the object of extensive study, perhaps because its visual material is smaller and less elaborate than the large Palatinus folios. These and other claims are refuted by Whittington with a basic statistical analysis of the manuscriptsa€™ subject matter. Their enigmatic forms, expressions, and arrangements have the power to arrest the attention of modern viewers, reversing expectations about what sorts of imagery were possible in the early 14th century.
The a€?world,a€? in Opicinusa€™ drawings, is always represented using these charts; they form the drawingsa€™ structural basis and frame their meanings. Still, crucially, this does not make the drawings, in their inception, a€?abouta€? Opicinus. The large size of the Palatinus folios suggests a more public function, given their physical similarity to large medieval wall maps and portolan charts.
Here one sees before a map of the Mediterranean world a€” Europe, North Africa, Anatolia and part of the Near East are left the white color of the paper, and the seas around them are tinted with a reddish-brown wash. The incredibly diverse drawings that he created in the years that followed were his way of exploring the meaning of this vision and experimenting with different strategies for representing its shape and scope, searching for the arrangements and combinations that would lead him to the deepest meaning. Opicinusa€™ maps were based on the most modern and technically accomplished cartography of his day a€” marinersa€™ sea-charts, which we call portolan charts. Several folios depict only the western portion of the standard Mediterranean portolan chart, limiting their view to the area between Gibraltar and the boot of Italy. The geographic range of the depicted portolan outline is narrow - we see Gibraltar, Tunisia, France, Spain, and Italy, but none of the eastern Mediterranean, which is cut off by the drawinga€™s lower edge. Little is visible of her lower body, but she wears some kind of cloth wrapped around her waist. However, the most prominent indicator of the figurea€™s identity is the large rota around the face in the Iberian peninsula, which seems to label the figure as Christ. The drawing thus suggests a combination of male and female elements: a pregnant female personification of Christendom, with Christ at the head and heart.
In this first example, where the contrast between the two figures is simple and direct, we can more easily explore two ways that the form of the drawing a€” its geographical frame a€”may change the meaning of these figures. For example, the Mediterranean figure appears to have two sexual organs a€” one massive penis that seems to be ejaculating onto the southern coast of Spain, and another that he clutches in his fist (presumably in an act of masturbation) near Venice. 84v, numerous captions explore the moral, theological, quotidian, and incidental correspondences created by the overlay of the city grid on the portolan chart. In addition, the monastery with which they were both associated fell near Rome on the portolan chart. The revelation and the experiment were meant to be used by anyone a€” Opicinus is using himself as a test case, taking examples from his own life, family history, and childhood, and using them to interpret the correspondence between the two charts.
These are all examples of Akbaria€™s horizontal allegory, or of allegory as a primarily interpretive act; Opicinus creates the structure (which may or may not have an intrinsic meaning a€” in this case, it seems not to), but the primary work is put into interpretation, play, and the creative exploration of his visual construction. Opicinus created, an over-determined world because of its opportunities and flexibility, not to build a burdensome system that would collapse on top of him. This basic format is repeated on at least eight other pages in the Vaticanus; again, there are variations in the size and placement of the two maps, but all of these examples include two portolan charts that are laid on top of one another. In the smaller, lower image, the negative space of the chart a€” the sea a€” is tinted with a light brown wash, delineating the body of the so-called a€?Mediterranean Man,a€? often labeled a€?Lucifera€? His head and beard occupy the eastern Mediterranean (his ear tucked against the Nile delta and curving beard shaping the coast of the Anatolian peninsula), his arms gesture near Italy (one fist plunging violently east of Italy, forming the Adriatic), and his feet poke out near Gibraltar, between the faces of Europe and Africa. On this page he connects the two representations of the Adriatic with a diagonal line that slices through the center of the image, running from Venice on one chart to Venice on the other.
Morse also points out that different renderings of the sea in the two charts likely correspond to their content; the embodied a€?devil seaa€? lies between the natural worlds, while the a€?spiritual seaa€? is left empty, perhaps to indicate its purity. Small lines connect the first four concepts to the eyes, ears, nose, and mouth of the Africa-figure, indicating the complicity of the exterior senses in this pathway to sin. 74v how Opicinus, by framing his allegories within the portolan charts, solidified their meaning into measured form, aligning the worlda€™s shapes with the truths and figures they revealed.
The meaning of such lines remains ambiguous, but they do suggest points of contact and interconnection between elements that are otherwise set in opposition to one another. All four of these portolan charts are embodied, creating eight distinct characters: four male figures of Europe, and four figures of Africa (two angels and two male figures). Rather than containing the figure of the diabolical sea, the spaces of the Mediterranean and Black Seas on these two charts are left as windows through which the viewer can see the other maps in the drawing.
The colored worlds below are not labeled, but the figures seem to be a precise mirror of those on top, in both gender and physical appearance. Opicinusa€™ statement about the generation of meaning seems to apply both to this drawing and to many others that depict multiple levels of reality (usually through multiple iterations of the body-worlds).
82r becomes overwhelming, Opicinus provides the viewer with visual cues to make sense of the drawinga€™s disorienting forms. This drawing contrasts two complete sets of body-worlds, one overlapping and partially obscuring the other, and two very different depictions of genitalia are found in the area around Venice on both depictions of Europe.
In a passage early in the Vaticanus, Opicinus describes how the a€?diabolical seaa€? inseminates an already-pregnant Europe, splitting the child unnaturally into two figures a€” Europe and Africa. Victoria Morse shows the way that Opicinus read meaning even into the precise position of these two tiny body-worlds over Lombardy below, determining which local cities fell under Africa and Europe.
Or we may get it from loving someone and being loved, or having good relations with family and neighbors, or having many friends.
But the authorities were astonished when the model farmer chose not to plant in the following year.
He created a communications vacuum that allowed his detractors to form and communicate negative opinions about daang matuwid. Public servants need to embrace the practice of regular, open and honest communications as one of the keys to building a winning personal brand. Cambodia, hardly a progressive nation, did it in three years—not decided in three, but built it in three. We’ll risk a repeat of an environmentalist with no ability to strike a balance (read my environmentalist daughter’s balanced view on this in my April 21 column). Mind you, Duterte has said he’ll issue an executive order to open the administration to public scrutiny, so it’s not so critical. Suddenly, I will be on Twitter, laughing out loud at the tweets of silly trolls, and then I’m in Pinterest pinning some quotes about procrastination. Also the Table was not apparently designed for military use, but instead gives prominence to trading centers, mineral springs, places of pilgrimage, mountain chains (in profile) and in three great cities (Rome, Constantinople and Antioch) set three rulers, believed to represent the sons of Constantine enthroned as symbols of a tripartite empire. 330 as a new Rome on the site of Byzantium, Antioch was recognized as the important bastion against the Parthians. A royal figure, probably a Pope, or perhaps an allegory of Christ the King is portrayed as representative of the city along with a building which resembles St. It was first published in 1591 by Markus Welser, a relative of the Peutingersa€™ and since 1618 n has generally been known as the Tabula Peutingeriana or translations of that phase.
Nearby is the park of Daphne, dedicated to Apollo and other gods and famous for its natural beauty and as a leisure center. But since 1964 a large palace, which probably belonged to Neroa€™s empress PoppA¦a, has been excavated at Torre Annunziata, and it seems to authenticate the detail on the map.
On the Sinai desert we find the words desertum ubi quadraginta annis erraverunt filii Israelis ducente Moyse [the desert where the children of Israel who wandered for forty years guided by Moses], and there are other biblical references. The itineraria scripta, compiled in Latin, were works designed to provide assistance for travelers. From there it crossed the Axios and the Echedoros (Gallikos) River before arriving at Thessalonica. With simpler representations are portrayed the passages between Europe and Asia, in present day Istanbul: Sycas in Europe), Chrisoppolis, in the Asiatic side (Figure 10).
It becomes comprehensible that in the period of mapa€™s creation, Christianity, even if present, is not found in the center of interest, in the context of later roman empire. We have so much in common and she is without a doubt the most gorgeous, funny, exciting, fabulous woman I have ever met in my entire life.
Text dating gives you the flexibility to be mobile with all the features of regular online dating without being tied down to a desktop PC. I stumbled upon the site I met Judy, sort of by accident, I had cancelled most of the others, quite the cash drains, and had signed up, but really wasn?t that active on it, until that wonderful day I met my sweetheart. Thanks textdating.ca, without which I would never have an opportunity to meet a girl like Jane. The girl, Melissa was her nickname, wanted to have a talk with a stranger after she had a bad day at school. Holiday Party, Office Party, Christmas Party, Divorce Party, Cast Party, Many Types Of Events And N.Y. In the mid-1800s these antipodes could be found in the fabulously rich stretches of lower Broadway (wealth that would later take up residence on Fifth Avenue[?]) and the almost unbelievably squalid enclave of Five Points (abject poverty later to take up residence in the Lower East Side[?]). The first 48 contain little visual material besides a few marginalia, while the second half of the book includes some text-only pages, some full-page drawings, and some smaller drawings with extensive text on or around them. 11r, which provides the most complete information about his life, ends with June 1336, suggesting that this drawing was finished by that date.
In contrast, Morse demonstrated that the Vaticanus holds the key to understanding Opicinusa€™ thought: its drawings are more intimate and revealing, and it contains over a hundred pages of text.
Portolan charts were modern, cutting-edge diagrammatic maps of the Mediterranean region, and Opicinusa€™ use of them transforms what would otherwise have been old-fashioned, theoretical, and primarily textual drawings into a completely new type of representation. Interpreting the vision with relation to his own body and life was only one of the tactics that he used. The drawings in both manuscripts could have been preparatory studies for some larger-scale project or commission that was never carried out. According to Whittington, to explain what the body-worlds a€?mean,a€? one must explore how and why Opicinus harnessed these maritime maps to a completely different purpose from that for which they were created.
Others include the entire range of the chart, from the Atlantic Ocean to the Black Sea and the Holy Land. Small captions and rotae are positioned at various points on the map; some of these are placed to comment specifically on a geographical feature, while others remark more generally on the drawing and its characters. A worm or snake emerges from an otherwise empty circle on her stomach, twisting along the North African coast, its mouth gnawing on the figurea€™s thumb near Carthage. Large red capital letters spell out C-R-I-S-T-U-S, with each letter also being the first letter of one of the seven gifts of the Holy Spirit. Opicinus uses the portolan chart to construct a binary system in which values can be opposed, and also to place these allegories or personifications within a space that is, in the broadest sense, real.
On the southern coast of France, a basket-woven pattern is explained in a caption as a basket to catch the excrement of the sea-figure.
For example, in a short passage in the upper left corner of the page, Opicinus mentions that the body of the sea-devil extends beyond the inner city wall of the Pavian map, which he interprets as a sign that malice and mischief are spread out in the city; beyond the old city walls. An over-determined world allowed him to make visible to himself and his potential readers the primary concerns, impulses, histories, and spaces of his world and his body in a way that led to potentially productive connections and revelations. In contrast, the sea of the larger top map is not embodied, and retains the color of the paper.
This line could help the viewer perceive the imagea€™s orientation, by providing a reference point for the location of the same city on each map at this crucial juncture at the center.
The sea-figure takes control of the pagea€™s center, superimposing his twisting body over the eastern half of the upper, spiritual chart a€” his a€?negativea€? space dominates the positive space of the other chart. In contrast, a caption on the rota for Affrica spiritualis points to the interior senses (sensus interiores) that indicate spiritual progress: meditation, contemplation, discernment, and rumination (meditatio, contemplatio, discretio, degustatio). They also establish that the body-worldsa€™ identities as both bodies and maps remain significant on their own; because connections rely on their status as both maps and bodies, one is not emphasized over the other. This window or outline a€” the negative space of the upper drawing a€” provides a view onto a world of color.
The mirror of any of his creations, which he acknowledges are fabrications (in the sense that they are imaginary and exploratory), will always contain some new level of meaning.
The two red lines indicate the precise point where worlds are mirrored, and the differentiation in color a€” white, brown, and red a€” brings the forms of the body-worlds into a near-sculptural relief. In the overlapped body-worlds, which are tinted with red and brown wash, we see a small penis depicted inside the figure of Europe, just past the fist of the Mediterranean figure. It must be acknowledged that both figures are shaped like small penises, but it is also true that in medieval anatomical texts the female genitalia are often described as an interiorized mirror image of a male penis, so perhaps we should not be surprised that the two are a€?personified,a€? if we want to use that term, in similar ways. According to Victoria Morse, Europea€™s pregnancy was also related to local political situations, visualizing the (sexual) corruption of Lombardy within an otherwise holy European body. She then contrasts this a€?violenta€? delivery of the figures with the small baby depicted on fol. In 1537 the Tirolese cartographer Johann Putsch celebrated the Hapsburg rule over Europe by presenting a placid a€?Europa Reginaa€? wearing Charles Va€™s Spain as a crown and Ferdinanda€™s Austria as a medal at her waist, representing the triumph of the Hapsburgs.
In many cases, these other sources of happiness may actually be associated with having less of the things that GDP measures.
The DENR should really be split as it’s hard to encourage and control an activity all in one government agency.
The P40 billion would cover the estimated P37 billion to be lost with introduction of a 25-percent corporate income tax.
When I look at my clock, it’s already midnight and I no longer have the energy to finish my article.
Put the suggestion that this fourth century archetype was based on a much earlier map would account for the inclusion of Herculaneum, Oplontis, and Pompeii, which had been destroyed in the eruption of Vesuvius in A.D. Peters Basilica (or the personage could be that of one of Constantinea€™s sons as previously mentioned).
Even though the temple of Apollo was burned down in 362, there were many other temples, so that this is not necessarily a guide to the dating. The sign for a spa is an ideogram of a roughly square building with an internal courtyard, often with a gabled tower at each end of the near side. Or again, a much earlier discovery near Aquileia in 1830 appears to correspond to an entry on the Peutinger Map.
There is also an area in central Asia labeled Hic Alexander responsum accepit usq[ue] quo Alexander [Here Alexander was given the oracular reply: a€?How far, Alexander?a€?].
They recorded a network of itineraries over a vast area and listed the cities and stations on the routes that crisscrossed the empire, together with the distances between them.
Then it followed the Lakes Koroneia and Volve before continuing to Apollonia and Amphipolis.
The fact that Britannia, Spain and the western part of Africa are missing, leads scholars to suppose that part of the Tabula has been lost. You have many options; whether you are just looking to chat, meet a new friend or your soul mate.
I had just signed onto the site, because it was a slow lazy Saturday and within a few minutes and obviously no luck, was about to sign off, when this wonderful woman appeared, and I struck up this delightful conversation!
Eventually these texts lead to real dates, and our love was able to bloom after our blossoming. And from a miracle or not, they found each other and started to talk about their day and their life. The representation and interpretation of this divine image of the earth would occupy much of the rest of his life. Other dates in the manuscript are scarce; most scholars agree that the bulk of the drawings were completed between February 1335 and June 1336, with later additions stretching all the way to 1350.
Opicinus was working during a crucial moment in the history of cartography, when numerous artists and mapmakers sought to combine old and new forms. Most of the drawings suggest other interpretive avenues, through personifications, allegorical confrontations, or superimposition; one does not have to turn to Opicinusa€™ biography to explain them.
It is also possible that these works were intended, like several of Opicinusa€™ earlier treatises, for the Pope.
In this example, Europe is embodied as a man a€” his head occupies the Iberian Peninsula, his chest and stomach lie in France (where some kind of beast in the ocean tries to bite at his shoulder), his arm arches up through the lowlands and Germany, and his legs occupy the Italian peninsula and the Dalmatian coast.
He used this technical, practical, scientific cartography to probe deeper into the nature of God and the created world. But all of the drawings in this category share a single feature: they include only one map, one level of cartographic reality on the page. The two figures that constitute, lie within, or coexist with Africa and Europe are classic examples of Opicinusa€™ body-worlds (the third figure that often appears in the Mediterranean is not included, in this particular drawing). In two outer concentric rings Opicinus places the names of the seven planets and the days of the week. Yet their placement within a map, particularly an empirical one which was actually used for travelling, emphasizes the tenuousness of such binary oppositions. Despite these and other details on the figures, the actual bodies seem less important to Opicinus in these three drawings; the commentary focuses more on the physical interplay and connections between the two overlapping maps.
It is not that he thinks that this image of the two maps placed in this particular arrangement is necessarily a€?correcta€? or a€?truea€? a€” on fol. 84v offers further evidence that Opicinus viewed the portolan charts as empirical representations. At the centre of the page the embodied eastern Mediterranean of the lower map (including the Black Sea) overlaps both the land and the sea of the upper map, so that its eastern half (part of Italy and all of Greece, Egypt, and Turkey) is obscured. Or, given the opposing genders of the two Europes in the maps, and the fact that the area at the top of the Adriatic was understood as the erogenous zone of the European body, the line could suggest a sexual point of contact a€” even intercourse a€” between the two figures.
It is necessary first to describe and explain the drawinga€™s complex structure, before discussing its content in relation to several captions that surround it. In the space below, the continents are shaded a brick red, while the seas are painted a soft brown-grey.
The interpretive paradigm for this drawing must be one of experimentation; it is the only image in the manuscript with this particular arrangement of forms, and through it Opicinus only seems to have arrived at fragments of meaning. The small caption nearby simply reads Venetie [Venice] and without further explanation it is unclear whether the penis belongs to the European body, depicted lying back against his stomach, or whether he is somehow being penetrated by a small penis belonging to the sea-figure.
Here, reproductive sexuality is a sign of corruption; elsewhere, as we will see, it is a marker of generative spirituality.
74v, which is positioned for a normal delivery through Venice, with its head down and its arms folded peacefully in prayer.
The queena€™s crown (Spain), orb (Sicily), and heart (Bohemia) from a triangle that directs the viewera€™s eye away from Eastern Europe toward the West. Thus, he would rather live leisurely and spiritually—and chose to spend his time in the monastery instead. Wherever you decide to build an airport, it will work by the very fact that the government will have to ensure that it works. At the turn of the fifth - sixth centuries the world ocean was added and improvements were made to the seas; at about the same time, the influence of this map appears in a work by an anonymous cosmographer of Ravenna (#203), who made use of some new material recently added to his source.
Further south is the city of Naples drawn inland, next to it is a dark mound which might represent the buried cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum. Inexplicably the word tabula has been translated a€?tablea€? rather than a€?picturea€? or a€?mapa€? in popular usage. There are fifty-two such buildings represented, of which twenty-eight are at places specifically called Aquae; in some other cases there is reason to think that a place so denoted had prominent baths.
A large bathing establishment, mentioned also by the elder Pliny, was discovered on the lower reaches of the river Isonzo.
Perhaps these ample descriptions, whether Christian or pagan, were added on otherwise empty space about the fifth or sixth century A.D.
The Itinerarium of Antoninus deals with the land and sea routes from western into Eastern Europe, from Gadeira (Cadiz, SW Spain) to Caesarea in Palestine and from the Crimea to Alexandria.
After that it crossed the lower course of the Strymon River and the north slopes of Mount Pangaion on its way to Philippoi, after which it headed south toward the sea again, reaching it at Neapolis (Kavala).
Proceedings of the International Conference Held in Amman, 7-9 April 1997 (SBF Collectio Maior 40), Jerusalem 1999, p. 79 and not rebuilt, except for parts of Pompeii.A  It is also perhaps easier, on this supposition, to see why certain roads are omitted, such as the major routes through the Parthian empire mentioned in the Mansiones ParthicA¦ [Parthian Stations] of Isidorus of Charax. In my instance, I was just browsing to see if this particular site was right for me; my Sweetie had a formal membership.
Since I was a member, I was able to extend the time we are allotted and it was like a breath of fresh air, that I just wanted it to continue, and it seemed to me that she did also. Melissa was telling Sam that she can not wait until graduation and Sam told her that is better to learn that to work because he was very tired after a full day of work. In over eighty surviving drawings, now kept in the Vatican Library and referred to by scholars as the Vaticanus and Palatinus manuscripts, he experimented with how he could uncover the meaning that he was sure God had planted in the vision he saw, in the hope that his drawings would help to renew the faith of all Christians. Far more drawings in the Vaticanus portray body-worlds (23), while few in the Palatinus do so (6). This encounter between the scientific and the spiritual is best explored by looking at the structures that Opicinus used to create the drawings. Another rota lies inside France, near the location that Opicinus usually associates with the a€?hearta€? of the Europe figure a€” Avignon. On a map you can literally sail by sea from one a€?placea€? or a€?bodya€? to the other a€” each place is accessible to the other. Here, the grid structures the space of the local map, but also shapes the way we view the portolan below.
It looks like a kind of symbolic twin to the spatio-indexical rhumb lines of the original portolan charts. 61r demonstrates that Opicinus was also aware of the dangers of aligning appearance with truth; appearances could just as easily deceive as reveal. The arrangement of these colored maps beneath the surface of the white ones is the most complicated aspect of the drawing. The angels are labeled angelus lucis and angelus tenebrarum a€” an angel of light and an angel of darkness. Given the penises in this region that we discussed above, this latter proposition is not without basis, but it seems more likely that it belongs to the European figure, since it is tinted the same color.
He simply but eminently demonstrated that more production and more happiness do not necessarily come together. Before going to the museum, visitors should head for the Wall of Remembrance and search for names of next of kin, friends, colleagues, comrades—the known and little-known—who fell in the night and also those who did not die in battle but continued the struggle until the breaking of the dawn.
A quick outcome is needed, then file a challenge at the Presidential Electoral Tribunal, if you must.
Since the Ravenna cosmographer names a certain Castorius as the author of his source in connection with material also found in the Tabula Peutingeriana, it has been inferred by early historians that this was the makera€™s name for the original. Segments V and VI illustrate the eastern Mediterranean by prominently showing the Grecian archipelago and present-day Turkey and Crete. It is now time to call it the a€?Peutinger Mapa€? to avoid any misconception that the original image was somehow carved on a table or was like a statistical table. 365-66 all three personified cities were important, since the pretender Procopius had his seat of power in Constantinople, Valentinian I in Rome and his brother Valens in Antioch. There are also in the Peutinger Map places with cartographic signs for granaries, denoted as rectangular roofed buildings. This is probably the place given the cartographic sign for a spa, with the words Fonte Timavi [spring of the river Timavus]. In several areas research is in progress combining fieldwork with study of the Peutinger Map and of the history of place-names. It must have taken its final form between 280 and 290 and is thought to be based on the figures provided by the department responsible for the cursus publicus, the roman imperial road office. After Neapolis, the Via Egnatia headed northeast, through Akontisma (3 km from modern Nea Karvali) and turned inland to Topeiros, where the Nestos River was crossed.
We began chatting and texted every day (all day!) for several weeks before our first face to face meeting.
After about five minutes, Judy gave me her cell number with the proviso, that if I was a creep she could always change the number!! I found the website to be convenient, non-conflicting with my personal or work schedule or my life of independence, I love it! And after chatting a few hours they agree to meet again in the next evening to tell each other the story of his or her day. Nearly all of the drawings in the Palatinus feature what Whittington calls an a€?overarching containing structurea€? a€” a geometrical framework that contains all of the drawinga€™s content. Her face is to the west, shown in profile as she seems to whisper into the ear of the European figure across the Straits of Gibraltar. She seems to speak directly into the ear of the European figure, depicted partly in profile and partly from the front.
At the center of the roundel is a seated figure of Christ showing his wounds; around this are the names of seven episcopal seats, and the seven planets and their positions.
In these simplest drawings, though, such a possibility is only hinted at; a much fuller manipulation of the metaphor of travel and movement between binaries, and indeed a subversion of the very concept of binary opposition, is found in Opicinusa€™ more complicated images, discussed below. This grid, eight squares by ten, is oriented in the same way as the map below, with east at the top of the page (the street grid of Pavia was, and still is, slightly off-axis from the cardinal points because of its alignment with the river, which is reflected in its positioning at a slight angle on the page). Opicinus just seems to be testing each possible arrangement on either side of the folio, turning it back and forth to see which parts of it align with things he believes to be true.
Any resident or visitor familiar with the city would recognize that the local map of Pavia was a measured, accurate representation, and the fundamental hypothesis of this image and its interpretation is that correspondences can be deduced through the alignment of one measured map with another. One complete map lies below the upper white map, and one complete map lies below the lower white map, but each is placed in a different relation to its chart above.
The angel of light in the surface map whispers into the ear of the upper male Europe, labeled homo spiritualis, while the angel of darkness whispers to homo carnalis. 61v, where two tiny figures with the same labels hold between them a baby, its head positioned downward, pointing toward the area near Venice through which we presume it would be born.
Another thing he can order is an increase in the excise tax on fuels that are half the price they used to be, as Cesar Purisima has suggested.
The overall form of the Colmar edition, which is the basic form of the Tabula as it has reached us today, must have been fixed at this period, about A.D. The seventh Segment shows Cyprus, present-day Saudi Arabia, a large allegorical representation of the Holy City, and the area southeast to Mesopotamia. The alternative naming of the Peutinger Map as the a€?world map of Castoriusa€? has met with very little support. But in fact, although Valens set out for Antioch, he was diverted to fight Procopius and he cannot be correctly associated with the last-named city.
Its fresh waters by the sea were regarded as an unusual phenomenon and obviously worth mapping. Then continued eastward along the coast to Traianopolis and through Heraclea arrived to Constantinople (Figure 3).
To the political and economic incentives was now added the desire of the pilgrims of the new Christian world to travel east to the Holy Land.
She contacted me on the text dating site even though neither one of us had a picture posted. I reconsidered especially being that everything is online now a days even dating, so I said to myself ?hey, why not? The Best Singles events in New York City Now internet Audio Personals Help Make Connections 24 hrs A Day! The danger of any study of Opicinus is that in seeking out the contexts in which one may understand Opicinusa€™ work as logical and coherent, one risks losing sight of what makes them so exceptional. But he also used this idea in order to create images unrivalled in their complexity and interpretive difficulty, multiplying maps and figures across the page in kaleidoscopic networks.
The local grid is filled in with detail; the numerous small labels in brown indicate churches, city gates, bridges, and monasteries in Pavia, while the few red captions refer to cities or regions on the portolan below (here, like elsewhere, Opicinus uses color to clarify his content for the reader). Once again, a grid serves two functions, measuring the space of one reality and indicating the measurability of another. On the top half of the page, the tinted map below is a precise mirror image of the upper map, reflected from it along a red horizontal line that bisects the upper, white body-worlds.
The arrangement recalls nothing so much as the angel and devil of the human conscience that perch on the shoulders of cartoon figures in modern movies and comics, offering advice and urging the character towards good or bad decisions; in the drawing, the heads of the angels seem to rest directly on the shoulders of the figures below them.
Here, the two a€?personificationsa€? of the penis and the womb have produced a tiny child and are preparing it for birth.
Later editions of Europe as a queen were issued by Sebastian Munster, Heinrich Bunting and Matthias Quad.
500; although a few local corrections were made subsequently, for example, in the eighth and ninth centuries. Variants of a two-gabled building were used to depict some settlements, but most were distinguished by no more than a name. We found out that we share the same religious beliefs, deal with money in the same manner, have great respect for each other and everyone else and what I find to be a valuable quality is we can make each other genuinely smile and laugh out loud.
No, but on a serious note I would like to thank you for your brilliant idea in making me into a social butterfly once again, opening up my heart and finding the man of my dreams. This a€?manuscripta€? is a collection of 27 huge unbound parchment sheets, averaging about two by three feet, although some are significantly larger.
This observation prompts the next a€” that the Palatinus drawings almost always include calendars (usually as part of the overarching containing structure), while few of the Vaticanus drawings do. Looking at the drawings as a whole, there can be no doubt that there are distinct threads running through them a€” themes, problems, and possibilities that Opicinus set out to explore.
And just as the drawingsa€™ forms combine simplicity and complexity, their content also veers from the straightforward to the impenetrable. The relationship between these human figures and the landforms is, as is always the case in Opicinusa€™ drawings, very difficult to describe. The huge green swath at the right of the page indicates the Ticino River, which is coextensive with the long veil or cloak worn by the Africa woman.
The white body-worlds in the top layer always overlap the lower, colored ones, which are only visible in the negative space of the sea. These personificationsa€™ sexuality is normative and non-transgressive a€” male and female members come together inside of the female body. The original roll at the time of its transcription in the early Middle Ages was of eleven sheets, but as such it was incomplete, since much of Britain, Spain, and the western part of North Africa were already missing at the time of copying; there may also have been an introductory sheet forming part of an earlier prototype version.
Attempts to differentiate between types of settlements on the map and to establish criteria for the attribution of signs have not been entirely successful. The idea was a really good one because from the moment they saw each other they liked each other and talk for a few hours wishing the evening never stop. Depending on the individual viewera€™s perception, the figures can seem to be lying on top of the land, growing out of it, or somehow placed under it a€” as if the landforms are windows through which we are looking.
The green lines at the top and bottom of the page show the path of several Pavian canals, and the three concentric red boundaries drawn around the page indicate the city walls.
The same system is repeated in the lower half of the drawing, except that the lower tinted map is reflected along a vertical line, also colored red. It was evidently not, as was once thought, the work of the Dominican monk Konrad of Colmar, who in 1265 quite independently produced a mappamundi that he says he copied onto twelve parchment pages; the paleography suggests an earlier date. As a woman in her mid 40?s, I might not have known exactly what I was looking for in a mate, but thanks to experience I did have a list of things that I definitely didn?t want. All thanks to textdating.ca without which finding a life partner like Andy would never been possible. After another few weeks they were together and they were sharing their love story to all their friends that couldn?t believe that they meet on a text dating site. From these observations, Whittington generalizes some of the basic differences between the two manuscripts. Most of all, however, these enigmatic forms seem to depict the earth and the bodies as coextensive, and of the same material a€” bodies made out of the earth. The two maps on the bottom half of the page are also mirror images of one another, but along a different axis. The second sheet of the Peutinger Map was treated as if it had been the first, with spellings of truncated names containing false initial capitals (for example, Ridumo for what was originally Moriduno). Kevin knew more quickly than I that we had found our soul mates; I may be a cautious woman, but I am also a smart woman and know a great thing when I see it. The Vaticanus seems to be more of a personal manuscript, perhaps never intended for a wider audience. The more one looks at these body-worlds, the more one sees the human figures as figures a€” the stranger parts of their bodies, where the landforms do not align so easily with a normative human shape, become less and less noticeable. The two red axes are thus crucial to understanding the drawing: they must have been used to construct it and also intended to aid in its decoding. Hence a total of twelve sheets extant at the time of copying can be accounted for only by assuming that, when the copyist mentioned this number, he was including a title sheet. It is interesting to see that, just as there is one personification in the West and two in the East, so two cities of the second rank, symbolically given walls, are in the West and four in the East. Everybody must understand that there is someone for each people and that person must be looked in every corner of the world, even on a text dating site because you never know where he is. Its drawings are less structured and presentational, contain more sexual imagery, and include more personal themes, all of which we might associate with a private, rather than public function (although such distinctions were perhaps more fluid in 14th century Italy than they are today). Important cities like Carthage, Ephesus, and Alexandria are not shown with a distinctive sign. The final clincher for me was when my three cats loved him, and actually meowed by the door when he left, animals have a sense that humans can miss and I trust that. Secondly, the drawings in the Vaticanus and Palatinus have very different structures; the Vaticanus uses the form of the portolan [nautical] chart to structure meaning and representations of bodies, while the Palatinus drawings use larger geometric, ecclesiastical, and temporal frames, which in turn often contain representations of the earth. Finally, the Palatinus drawings contain a temporal, cyclical element (numerous calendars and representations of the zodiac) that the Vaticanus drawings usually lack.
Enjoy the adventure of dating, don?t put pressure on yourself or anyone else, just relax, be yourself, have fun and true love will find its way into your open heart! We meet in a public park on a Saturday where he came with a great smile and a bouquet of flowers, they were beautiful.
We got more acquainted over dinner and a movie and later before we split, he politely gave me a kiss on the cheek, goodnight. I can truly say that text dating online was the best thing that ever happened to me and I refer it to many!



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