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The term ‘meninges’ refers to the soft membranes covering the brain and meningitis is an infectious disease causing inflammation of these membranes.
Apart from rashes these are the common symptoms or warning signals that your baby has when he has developed meningitis infection.
The affected person will have fever, stiff neck, and severe headache and may develop problems in breathing.
Early symptoms of meningitis and septicaemia (the blood poisoning form of the disease) can be like other childhood illnesses, but a baby will usually get ill quickly and get worse fast. What should I do if I am worried about my baby? If you are seriously worried about someone who is ill, don’t wait for a rash to appear – get medical help. The darker the skin the harder it is to see a septicaemic rash so check lighter areas like the palms of hands and soles of feet or look inside the eyelids and the roof of the mouth.
Remember, a very ill person needs medical help even if there are only a few spots, a rash or no rash at all.
MenB Vaccine Research Appeal We are funding ground breaking research to provide the evidence for an extended MenB vaccination process. Meningitis is inflammation of the protective layers that surround the brain and spinal cord. The meningococcal bacteria that cause meningitis do not live long outside the body, so are usually only spread through prolonged, close contact. As most people – particularly adults above 25 – have a natural immunity to the meningococcal bacteria, most cases of bacterial meningitis are isolated (single cases). Pneumococcal bacteria are much easier to catch than meningococcal bacteria, and are spread through coughing and sneezing. As in the case of bacterial meningitis, vaccination programmes have successfully eliminated the threat from many viruses that used to cause viral meningitis. For example, the measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine provides children with immunity against mumps, once a leading cause of viral meningitis in children.
The brain is usually protected from infection by the blood-brain barrier, which is a thick membrane that filters out impurities from the blood before allowing it into the brain. However, for reasons that are not entirely clear, in some people the infection is able to pass through the blood-brain barrier and infect the meninges (brain membrane). Bacteria or viruses can also infect the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), which is the fluid that surrounds and supports the brain and spinal cord.
Together we can raises money for King's Health Partners; Guy's and St Thomas', King's College Hospital and South London and Maudsley. Blood is something we all expect to be there for us when we need it, yet only 4% of us give blood - many people would not be alive today if it wasn't for the generosity of our donors. Lead by famous photographer Anne Geddes, the project aims to broaden awareness of the importance of meningococcal disease prevention and empower parents to ask about meningococcal disease and vaccinations to help protect their children. Meningitis is the name given to a form of infection of membranes called the meninges which surround the brain and spinal cord. Bacterial meningitis is one of the most common types of meningitis and constitutes approximately 85% of cases of meningitis. The bacteria responsible to cause Bacterial Meningitis are very commonly found in our surroundings. There are times when Bacterial Meningitis occurs for no specific reason and at other times it occurs after a head trauma or after an infection when the immune system is compromised. It may also occur in adults who have some risk factors for Bacterial Meningitis like individuals abusing alcohol, prone to chronic nose and ear infections, have experienced a head trauma or have suffered from a bout of pneumococcal pneumonia.


It is imperative for a person who experiences signs and symptoms of Bacterial Meningitis to contact a medical provider. Generally, Bacterial Meningitis is not contagious but it is encouraged that anyone who has been in close contact with an infected individual to seek preventative treatment.
If you experience any of the symptoms we mentioned here, visit your doctor to get yourtreatment.
In severe cases meningitis can lead to poisoning of blood a condition called ‘septicaemia’. He would have joint pain; muscle pain, extreme tiredness and his skin may become blotchy and develop blood filled blisters. A long thin needle is inserted on your lower back through which some liquid is collected from the spine.
Meningitis vaccines give excellent protection but can't prevent all forms of meningitis and septicaemia. Look out for tiny red or brown pin-prick marks which can change into larger red or purple blotches and blood blisters.
Meningitis should be treated as a medical emergency because bacterial meningitis can lead to septicaemia (blood poisoning), which can be fatal. There are several different types of meningococcal bacteria called groups A, B, C, W, X, Y and Z. There is also a quadruple vaccine that provides protection against group A, C, W and Y meningococcal bacteria.
A vaccine for group B disease is being tested in clinical trials but is not yet available for general use. Pneumococcal bacteria tend to affect babies and young children because their immune systems (the body’s defence system) have not built up immunity (protection) to these bacteria. However, there is a chance of a small outbreak of cases occurring in environments where a lot of young people live close together. However, in most cases they only cause mild infection, such as a middle ear infection (otitis media).
An infection can begin in one part of the body, such as your throat or lungs, before moving through the tissue and into the blood. The immune system responds to the infection by causing the meninges to swell in an attempt to stop the spread of infection.
An infection of the CSF can cause further swelling of the meninges, leading to increased pressure in the skull and pressing on the brain. A normal functioning brain helps us do our daily routine work, helps us to think, and do things in a proper fashion. An intravenous antibiotic with corticosteroid to calm down the inflammation may be given even prior to the results of all the tests conducted on the individual.
Severity of meningitis symptoms will depend on various factors. Bacterial meningitis symptoms are different from viral meningitis symptoms. In fact, even an older child can tell you that something is bothering him; infants cannot tell you anything – they simply cry and you cannot know what the problem is, until you take the baby to the doctor. Meningitis rash is marked by characteristic rash on the body which is very clear and distinct from other type of rashes. The swollen meninges may then damage the brain and the rest of the nervous system (nerves and spinal cord).
One cannot imagine living a life without an appropriately functioning brain but there are unfortunate cases where the brain starts functioning abnormally as a result of infections.


Meningitis can be acute with rapid onset of symptoms, chronic which lasts for a few months, or mild.
This infection can result in swelling of the tissues around the brain hence interfering with appropriate blood flow and may result in paralysis or stroke. In instances where someone has undergone a brain or a spinal surgery may put that person at higher risk of getting bacterial meningitis. In some instances, there may be swelling of the head due to fluid buildup around the skull. Bacterial meningitis can be cured successfully if diagnosed and treated early but if allowed to progress it may cause permanent damage in the form of seizures, mental impairment, and paralysis which might be life-long. The basic difference between viral and bacterial meningitis is that viral meningitis is not dangerous (except in extremely rare cases), whereas bacterial meningitis can be lethal. The appearance of rash is indicative of septicaemia (blood poison) and in many cases the rash will not appear if a person is suspected to have meningitis. Depending on the health condition of the patient, oxygen therapy is initiated along with medications. Pneumococcal vaccine is given for babies and older adults to prevent against pneumococcal meningitis. One such infection is Bacterial Meningitis in which there is swelling of tissues around the brain as a result of a bacterial infection, which can be a potentially life-threatening condition and needs immediate medical attention. Immediate medical attention needs to be sought if an individual experiences signs or symptoms of meningitis. Pay attention to your baby’s behavior; if you recognize any of the symptoms mentioned above, take the baby to the doctor right away. Weakened bacteria are contained in these vaccines, and after injection, the immune system will react to the bacteria, causing the body to become immune. The presence of rash along with other symptoms is a clear sign of meningitis or septicaemia. Antibiotics are injected into the bloodstream to attack the bacteria and to restrict its growth.
If you suspect a case of bacterial meningitis, you should phone 999 immediately to request an ambulance.
In this article, we will discuss about various causes of Bacterial Meningitis and how an individual, who unfortunately has this disease, should go about getting treated.
Bacterial meningitis may cause severe complications and may result in coma, kidney failure, and permanent damage to the spinal cord (and brain, too).
If someone has fever, leg pain and cold feeling in his hands and feet then you need to get immediate medical help. Eat healthy food and maintain regular sleep patterns to keep your immune system healthy and strong.If diagnosed early enough, both types of meningitis can be managed.
Severe symptoms are rare in this type of meningitis and recovery period is not too long – it usually lasts for one or two weeks.



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