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Derbent From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search This article is about the city in the Republic of Dagestan, Russia. Its etymology derives from the Persian Darband ("locked gate");[5] known to the Arabs as Bab al Abwab ("Gate of Gates") and to the Turks as Demirkap? ("Iron Gate") is a city in the Republic of Dagestan, Russia, located on the Caspian Sea, north of the Azerbaijani border. Allah SWT berfirman dalam Surah al-Ambiya ayat 95-96 “Sungguh tidak mungkin atas (penduduk) suatu negeri yang telah Kami binasakan, bahwa mereka tidak akan kembali.
Historically, this position allowed the rulers of Derbent to control land traffic between the Eurasian Steppe and the Middle East.
The first intensive settlement in the Derbent area dates from the 8th century BCE; the site was intermittently controlled by the Persian monarchs, starting from the 6th century BCE. Until the 4th century CE, it was part of Caucasian Albania and is traditionally identified with Albana, the capital.
The modern name is a Persian word (????? Darband) meaning "gateway", which came into use in the end of the 5th or the beginning of the 6th century CE, when the city was re-established by Kavadh I of the Sassanid dynasty of Persia.
The 20-meter (66 ft) high walls with thirty north-looking towers are believed to belong to the time of Kavadh's son, Khosrau I. Dengan kekuasaan itulah dia mengembalikan penduduk negeri yang telah diusir oleh Allah untuk kembali ketempat asalnya.
The chronicler Movses Kagankatvatsi wrote about "the wondrous walls, for whose construction the Persian kings exhausted our country, recruiting architects and collecting building materials with a view of constructing a great edifice stretching between the Caucasus Mountains and the Great Eastern Sea." Derbent became a strong military outpost and harbour of the Sassanid empire.
Syekh Imran Hosein pakar ilmu akhir zaman telah memberikan pendapat yang sangat logis yang tidak pernah satupun ulama sebelumnya memberikan jawaban siapakah penduduk negeri itu. During the 5th and 6th centuries, Derbent also became an important center for spreading the Christian faith in the Caucasus.
Beliau telah menjelaskan dalam bukunya Jerusalem in the Quran bahawa penduduk negeri itu adalah bani Israel. Movses Kagankatvatsi left a graphic description of the sack of Derbent by the hordes of Tong Yabghu of the Western Turkic Khaganate in 627. His successor[citation needed], Bori Shad, proved unable to consolidate Tong Yabghu's conquests, and the city was retaken by the Persians. Setelah kali pertama mereka membuat kerusakan di kota suci yerusalem dengan membunuh nabi-nabi termasuk rancangan menyalip nabi Isa AS. In 654, Derbent was captured by the Arabs, who transformed it in an important administrative center and introduced Islam to the area. Because of its strategic position on the northern branch of the Silk Route, the fortress was contested by the Khazars in the course of the Khazar-Arab Wars. The Caliph Harun al-Rashid spent time living in Derbent and brought it into great repute as a seat of the arts and commerce. According to Arab historians, Derbent, with population exceeding 50,000, was the largest city of the 9th century Caucasus. In the 10th century, with the collapse of the Arab Caliphate, Derbent became the capital of an emirate.
This emirate often fought losing wars with the neighboring Christian state of Sarir, allowing Sarir to occasionally manipulate Derbent politics. Semenjak bani Israel kembali ke Yerusalem pada saat itulah kekacauan dunia dimulai hingga saat ini. Despite that, the emirate outlived its rival and continued to flourish at the time of the Mongol invasion in 1239.


Dan Allah telah menetapkan terhadap bani isrel mereka akan berbuat kerusakan dimuka bumi sebanyak dua kali. Dan sekarang kali kedua mereka membuat kerosakan dan agenda itu sedang berjalan diseluruh dunia. During the 16th century, Derbent was the arena for wars between Turkey and Persia ruled by the Iranian Safavid dynasty. Hanya mereka yang telah dibutakan hatinya oleh Allah tidak dapat melihat apa yang sedang berlaku hari ini. The Ottoman Empire gained control of the city following the Battle of the Torches in 1583, and Ottoman ownership was secured with the Treaty of Istanbul of 1590.
Peperangan, kekacauan, penindasan dan pembantaian diseluruh dunia hanya satu biang pembuat masalah yaitu bani Israel dan sekarang mereka telah mempunyai dukungan yang sangat banyak dan menamakan organisasi mereka dengan zionisme. In 1722, during the Russo-Persian War, Peter the Great of Russia wrested the town from the Persians, but in 1736, the supremacy of Nadir Shah was again recognized. During the Persian Expedition of 1796, Derbent was stormed by Russian forces under Valerian Zubov.
The city has a well-preserved citadel (Narin-kala), enclosing an area of 4.5 hectares (11 acres), enclosed by strong walls. Historical attractions include the baths, the cisterns, the old cemeteries, the caravanserai, the 18th-century Khan's mausoleum, as well as several mosques. The oldest mosque is the Juma Mosque, built over a 6th-century Christian basilica; it has a 15th-century madrassa. Other shrines include the 17th-century Kyrhlyar mosque, the Bala mosque and the 18th-century Chertebe mosque. Geography The modern city is built near the western shores of the Caspian Sea, south of the Rubas River, on the slopes of the Tabasaran Mountains (part of the Bigger Caucasus range).
Derbent is well served by public transport, with its own harbor, a railway going south to Baku, and the Baku to Rostov-on-Don road. To the north of the town is the monument of the Kirk-lar, or forty heroes, who fell defending Dagestan against the Arabs in 728. To the south lies the seaward extremity of the Caucasian wall (fifty metres long), otherwise known as Alexander's Wall, blocking the narrow pass of the Iron Gate or Caspian Gates (Portae Athanae or Portae Caspiae). This, when entire, had a height of 29 ft (9 m) and a thickness of about 10 ft (3 m) and, with its iron gates and numerous watch-towers, formed a valuable defence of the Persian frontier. The first mention of Jews in Derbent in modern times is by the German traveler Adam Olearius in the 17th century.
Derbent Jewry endured frightful sufferings during the wars in the 18th century; Nadir Shah of Persia forced many Jews to adopt Islam. After the Russian conquest many of the Jewish occupants of rural Dagestan fled to Derbent, which became the spiritual center of the mountain Jews. In 1989, there were 13,000 Jews in the city, most of whom immigrated after the dissolution of the Soviet Union. In 2002, there were 2,000 Jews living in Derbent with an active synagogue and community center operating in the city.[15] The chief rabbi in Derbent is Obadiah Isakov, who became a rabbi in 2004. On July 25, 2013, an assassination attempt on Isakov's life was made by unknown person near his home, badly injuring him.
The incident sparked concerns among the local Jews of further acts against the Jewish community.[16] Economy and culture The city is home to machine building, food, textile, fishing and fishery supplies, construction materials and wood industries.


The education infrastructure is fairly extensive; there is a university as well as several technical schools.
Tujukkanlah mukamu kepada Juj dan tanah majuj, raja Rus, Masekh dan Tubal, dan bernubuatlah akan halnya. Derbent, being in practice a huge museum and with magnificent mountains and shore nearby, a great potential for development of the tourism industry exists, further increased by UNESCO's classification of the Citadel, Ancient City and Fortress as a World Heritage Site in 2003; however, instability in the region has not allowed further development. Rusia adalah nama negara, sedangkan Masekh dan Tubal adalah nama dua sungai di sebelah Utara pegunungan Kaukasus. The Soviet novelist Yury Krymov named a fictional motor tanker after the city in his book The Tanker "Derbent". Pada sungai Masekh terletak kota Moscow, dan pada sungai Tubal terletak kota Tobolsk; dua-duanya merupakan kota Rusia yang termasyur. Jadi di satu Pihak, Juj dikatakan sebagai raja Rusia, di lain fihak, ia digambarkan mendiami tanah Majuj. Ini menunjukkan seterang-terangnya bahwa Juj adalah nama bangsa-bangsa Eropa Timur (Slavia), sedangkan Majuj adalah nama bangsa-bangsa Eropa Barat, yaitu bangsa Teutonia. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation.
Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Orang-orang Yahudi Khazar tidak hanya mewarisi agama usang orang Yahudi Sephardhic, tetapi juga dengan stigma yang dilekatkan kepada mereka oleh orang-orang Kristen Eropa”. Pada saat itu, kurang dari empat abad sebelumnya, sebuah misteri yang signifikan memasuki kisah Zion: mengapa pemerintahan didirikan di Polandia?
Sampai tahapan sejarah tersebut, namun diungkapkan tidak ada jejak migrasi besar-besaran Yahudi ke Polandia. Orang-orang Yahudi yang memasuki Spanyol bersama dengan bangsa Moor berasal dari Afrika Utara dan ketika mereka meninggalkan Spanyol, sebagian besar dari mereka kembali ke negeri asalnya atau pergi ke Mesir, Palestina, Italia, pulau-pulau Yunani dan Turki. Koloni-koloni lain telah muncul di Perancis, Jerman, Belanda dan Inggris dan jumlahnya diperbesar oleh kedatangan orang Yahudi dari Semenanjung Spanyol. Tidak ada catatan bahwa sejumlah besar Yahudi Spanyol pergi ke Polandia, atau bahwa telah terjadi migrasi besar-besaran Yahudi ke Polandia pada waktu sebelumnya.
Law #16 of April 10, 2002 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of the Republic of Dagestan, as amended by the Law #23 of April 4, 2006 On Amending Several Legislative Acts of the Republic of Dagestan Due to the Termination of Powers of the State Council of the Republic of Dagestan.
Law #6 of January 13, 2005 On the Status and Borders of the Municipal Formations of the Republic of Dagestan, as amended by the Law #60 of October 5, 2012 On Amending Article 9 of the Law of the Republic of Dagestan "On the Status and Borders of the Municipal Formations of the Republic of Dagestan".
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.
External links Derbent - Russia's oldest city: 5,000 and countingHistory and attractions of DerbentA mosque.



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