Sudden hearing loss in 3 year old,auditory processing disorder in school,pandora earring charms sterling silver 0.925,my ears ring after working out juego - Tips For You

21.03.2015
INTRODUCTION: Sudden deafness is characterized by an abrupt onset, often idiopathic and tinnitus is present, and becomes the main complaint in up to 80% of patients. OBJECTIVE: To review carefully all studies of the past 10 years on sudden deafness and tinnitus and analyze the effectiveness of oral and intratympanic steroids for tinnitus control in eight patients with sudden deafness and severe disabling tinnitus.
METHOD: An analytical prospective in which 64 patients after sudden deafness with tinnitus were monitored and 08 of these suffering with severe disabling tinnitus underwent hearing evaluation and application of the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory and Visual Analogue Scale before, during and after sudden deafness treated with oral and intratympanic steroids.
Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSHL) was first described by De Kleyn in 1944 and defined as a hearing loss of at least 30 dB in three sequential frequencies in the standard pure-tone audiogram over 3 days or less1. Population studies of SSHL show a wide distribution, ranging from 5 to 30 cases per 100.000 per year, with an average of 50-60 years and no sex preference.
Hypotheses are proposed to explain the pathogenesis of sudden hearing loss as the vascular, the viral, the autoimmune and the rupture of membranes one. Patients with tinnitus and SSHL are very frustrated by residual tinnitus even after accomplishment of the treatment for SSHNL.
All patients received information about the risks and expectations of therapy and signed a free informed consent form.
Next, salvage therapy with intratympanic methyl-prednisolone was offered to XX patients with a diagnosis of SHL, after systemic therapy failed and no improvements were demonstrated audiometrically. All patients underwent tonal and vocal audiometry and speech recognition rate analysis done by audiologists before and after treatment. Prior to any procedure, patients were oriented as to the risks and expectations about the procedure and signed a free informed consent form.
After intratympanic application of the steroid, the patient remained in the supine position and cervical rotation at 45? for 30 minutes to maximize exposure of the round window membrane to the solution.
The criteria for defining successful recovery after therapy vary in the literature on intratympanic therapy. All patients underwent Questionnaire Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI)5 and the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) to assess quantitatively and qualitatively the therapeutic response in relation to tinnitus. The search strategy employed in the literature review was guided by the combination of two descriptors indexed in MeSH (Medical Subject Headings): sudden deafness and tinnitus. Most of the patients had vertigo associated with sudden deafness, being classified as mild in 75% of cases and severe in 12.5%.
We performed a literature search with the following aliases: sudden hearing loss and tinnitus. Their ages ranged from 26-73 years with a mean of 39,5 years and the ear most affected was the left ear (n = 5). In this study, we chose to intratympanic corticosteroid associated with oral corticosteroids and showed that this association was particularly effective in relation to tinnitus, from the eight cases analyzed, seven of these showed a significant improvement verified by THI and EVA. Several factors may affect the prognosis of the PANSS (eg, hearing loss severity, symptoms duration before treatment, vertigo, type of audiogram, and the patients ages). Regarding hearing improvement, only two patients had good responses to therapeutic intervention. Given the results, we note that in addition to the proposed intervention, especially those cases where there were no improvement or even where there were worsening of symptoms over time, there are other recommended therapies such as cognitive-behavioral and Tinnitus Retraining Therapy. Some therapies for tinnitus tend to focus on the impact of noise on the quality of life and humor, and include antidepressants, anticonvulsants and benzodiazepines, or attempt to mask their own noise with white noise generators. In 2005, a review of published randomized clinical trials addressing the correlation between sudden sensorineural hearing loss and tinnitus and treatment by hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT). The sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSHL) is a considerable diagnostic challenge because it can be caused by many different diseases and there is still no definitive treatment for PANSS universally accepted. In search of a therapeutic approach, the efficacy of enoxaparin sodium associated with venous hemofiltration was studied. In 2008, Ishida et al.15 investigated how the symptoms of ear fullness, tinnitus and otoacoustic emissions (OAE) varied over the course of recovery thresholds in pure tone audiometry in SSHL.
Kleinjung et al.16, in 2009, described the case of a man of 55 years who suffered from tinnitus in the right ear as a result of a SSHL.
Hikita-Watanabe et al.17, in 2010, in an article entitled "Tinnitus as a prognostic factor of sudden deafness", rebound that in the group "buzzing rare" there was a worst prognosis to hear than in the group "buzz often".
In 2012, Fioretti et al.18 described the case of a 67 years-old women with severe and disabling tinnitus in the right ear, hyperacusis and mild headache. In 2012, a research was also conducted by Ramos et al.10, in which the authors assessed the effectiveness of cochlear implants in patients with SSHL and disabling tinnitus. The tinnitus severity was assessed using the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) and the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) before and after deployment. Given the results, it can be concluded that the reduction of tinnitus after cochlear implantation may be due to several mechanisms such as habituation, acoustic masking, direct stimulation of the cochlear nerve and reorganization of cortical areas. Michiba et al.19, in 2013, highlighted the fact that many patients are frustrated with the SSHL residual buzz, even after complete SSHL treatment. The hearing improvement rate was determined by comparing the thresholds before and 6 months after initiation of treatment.
The improvement of hearing thresholds were significantly correlated with improvement in the score of tinnitus 6 months after initiation of treatment compared with before treatment.
Generally, subjective feelings for the ringing residual 6 months after initiation of SSHL treatment are almost the same as 24 months after treatment.
Patients that carriers sudden deafness and severe disabling tinnitus, and underwent intratympanic and oral corticosteroids showed, in this study, significant reduction or remission of tinnitus. Paper submitted to the ITJ-SGP (Publishing Management System) on September 4, 2013; and accepted on October 4, 2013.
BackgroundSudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) is defined as a rapid onset sensorineural hearing loss occurring over a 72-hour period with a decrease in hearing ofa€‰>a€‰30 decibels (dB) affecting at least 3 consecutive frequencies [1]. Gel patterns demonstrating the 4a€‰G and 5a€‰G alleles in the promoter region of the PAI-1 gene. SSNHL sudden sensorineural hearing loss; Odds ratios (OR) with 95a€‰% confidence intervals (CI) and results (p values) of I‡2 analysis (chi-square test) were calculated for genotype frequencies compared with control. We further examined to see if the polymorphism of PAI-1 gene is associated with clinical outcome in patients with SSNHL (Tablea€‰2).
DiscussionOne of most probable mechanisms of SSNHL appears to be impaired cochlear blood circulation involving the pathogenic micro-thrombotic mechanism [20].
Competing interestsAuthors declare that there is no financial or non-financial competing interests in relation to this manuscript.Authorsa€™ contributionsSC, SP, MB, AM and TY conceived of the study, and participated in its design and coordination and helped to draft the manuscript. The Greek peninsula was originally settled by the Minoan people who originated in Egypt and came to the mainland via the island of Crete on the south, by the Achaeans who settled in the Peloponnese, and by the Dorians, Ionians, and Aeolians who entered over the mountains from Europe in the north.
The name comes from the ruins at Mycenae where a large palace and many graves were discovered. The values that emerged from Homera€™s epic tales became the basic values of Greek culture and formed the basis for Greek education. Excellence (arete) -- doing the best you can, setting high levels of achievement, being the best at what you do, being superior in achievement to that of others.
Honor -- being a person of virtue, one who lends to neighbors without expecting repayment, and one who keeps promises and commitments. Bravery -- for the Greek man bravery during war and athletic prowess in peacetime were the goals.
Sacrifice -- being willing to give up self-comfort for the sake of the polis, choosing to defend the polis over family life.
Glory (kleos) -- glory one achieves for parents, family, and polis through great deeds of excellence, honor, bravery. Impermanence of human life -- everything in life is impermanent, but glory (kleos) never fades.
After the Trojan Wars, the Mycenaeans went through a period of civil wars and their defenses became weakened.
This period extended from the beginning of the wars with Persia up to the death of Alexander the Great in 336 B.C.
The ideal Greek man was considered to be a brave warrior during war time and an excellent athlete in peace time. The olympic site at Olympia still contains the actual fields, large dirt berms where spectators sat, the tunnel through which the contestants ran onto the fields, and remnants of many statues to the gods. Persia, a major power that developed to the northeast of the Fertile Crescent, expanded through military power into present-day Turkey (Anatolia) and into the western areas of the Black Sea, just to the north of Greece.
The Greeks had established colonies in Troy, Ephesus, and other locations along the eastern edge of the Aegean in present day Turkey.
Every modern marathon is exactly the same distance, whether it is run in London, Tokyo, or Boston.
Xerxes is also well known to Christians and Jews because he was the husband of Queen Esther, a Jewish young woman who lived during the Babylonian Captivity of Judah. Xerxes took his time -- four years -- to assemble a huge army of 2 million men and 1200 ships to attack Greece. The Persians marched to a point to the north of Athens, burning and pillaging Greek villages along their path.The goal was to conquer Athens and burn it to the ground in retaliation for Dariusa€™ previous defeat at Marathon.
The Persians were like a herd of elephants attempting to crawl inside the neck of a Coke bottle.
The Athenians meanwhile began evacuating all the citizens of Athens to Salamis, an island south of Athens, which was separated from the mainland by the Bay of Salamis.
Why was the Athenian army not present at Thermopylae if the goal of Xerxes was to destroy Athens? Why did Leonidas not dismiss the Thespians from the battle, as he did the other Greek troops? What can be learned from the example of how Leonidas chose Thermopylae to fight the superior forces of the Persians? By the time the Persians entered Athens, the entire city had been evacuated except for some priests and priestesses who were supposedly given the job of defending the sacred temples on the Acropolis. Why did Xerxes not head immediately into the Peloponnese to deal with Sparta, the hometown of Leonidas, who had angered him at Thermopylae?
When the Persian ships entered the Bay of Salamis they were quickly surrounded by the more maneuverable Greek ships. The Athenians went on to build the worlda€™s largest navy and a merchant fleet that trading throughout the Mediterranean, while the Spartans developed the worlda€™s most powerful army.
After the Persian wars Athens and Sparta continued to develop two radically different cultures. The Peloponnesian League attacked Athens, but the outmanned Athenians under Pericles gained allies in the Peloponnese, thus damaging Spartaa€™s supply lines, and encouraged the Spartan helots (slaves) to flee to the Athenian allied city-states for safety and freedom.
Athens had built large stone walls from the city down the rocky slopes about 8 miles to Piraeus, its port on the Aegean. Eventually in following years Athens proved to be the city with the most resiliency, vitality, and potential. What two confederations were set up in Greece in view of disputes and bad attitudes between the various city-states?
Pericles was the leader of Athens following the Persian Wars and led Athens in its war against Sparta. Socrates lived during the Peloponnesian Wars that racked Greece and brought Athens and Sparta to exhaustion.
Socrates sought through his philosophy to teach a better way, and to do so through the education of the youth of Athens. Socrates was upset by an earlier group of Athenian thinkers, the Sophists, who maintained that there were no universals or absolutes in life.
The elders of Athens were very disturbed by Socrates questioning tradition and teaching his students to do the same. Socrates was held in deep respect by his students, but resented by the leaders of the polis. In the Apology of Plato (Dialogues 32, 41) when asked how he felt about his soon death, Socrates is reported by Plato to have replied that he had no feelings or emotions about death. What does Socrates believe about the soul that leads him to conclude that everything a person needs to know already exists in his mind, and merely needs to be allowed to come out?
Since Socrates never wrote any of his teachings down, what is one source of his teachings that we can consult to discover what Socrates believed and taught? Early in life Plato wandered around the Mediterranean and was at one point captured by pirates. In The Cave, Plato describes several people chained inside a cave who have never viewed what lies on the outside of the cave.
But if there are real Forms of chairs and trees and red apples, then there are real Forms of humans, also. It was Platoa€™s emphasis on the upper story that appealed to people in Northern Europe during the Renaissance and during the Protestant Reformation, as opposed to the man-centered humanism of Aristotle which was favored in the Italian Renaissance. How is this expressed in the statement by Plato to his teacher: a€?a€?And what, Socrates, is the food of the soul?
Aristotle was the son of a physician who had served the grandfather of Alexander the Great.
An educated mind is able to listen to and entertain a thought without blindly accepting it. Aristotle departed from his teacher, Plato, by maintaining, as did Confucius and Buddha, that there is not enough time in this life to worry about a life to come.
Aristotle was a pioneer biologist in observing and classifying the plants, trees, and animals of Greece.
Aristotle, in similar fashion to Plato his teacher, saw two energies or components of the soul -- desire and reason. At the close of the middle ages, many Italians began to discard the traditions of the Roman Church.
All three of these philosophers, Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, emphasized human reason as the major force of life. In Christianity there is the important matter of the necessity of being born again, having our minds made new, of submitting our minds and wills to God, in trusting Him for wisdom and understanding. Some speculate that the gods and goddesses in Greek mythology were heroes from the earliest Mycenaean periods of Greeks history, preceding even Troy and Homer.
This speculation comes from a careful study of Greek pottery, art, and sculpture, which gives, in the opinion of some historians, evidence that the gods and goddesses may have been the glorification by the early Greeks of major characters from the line of Cain who lived prior to the flood.
For instance, Zeus could possibly be Nimrod, the first of the great warriors and the founder of the first city according to Genesis. Thus Greek mythology, maintains Johnson, is a corrupted version of biblical history, a twisted memory. To understand the whole story that underlies the stories contained in Greek mythology, one must be aware of the clash between the older Titans and the younger Olympians. In other pieces of Greek art there is a continuous emphasis on capturing and grasping the tree that contains the fruit of knowledge and mysteries.
If Johnson is correct in his interpretations of the many scenes depicted in Greek pottery, Greek mythology deifies the pre-flood line of Cain and depicts Zeus as triumphant over Noah and his God for rule on the earth. Athena is consistently represented in Greek art as not only the patron of Athens but the goddess who possesses knowledge, wisdom, and access to the mysteries. At the wedding feast celebrating Philipa€™s marriage to Cleopatra, her father made a toast, asking the gods for the birth of a son to become heir to the throne, obviously discounting Alexandera€™s legitimacy. In the melee that followed, one of his bodyguards, a friend of Alexander, stabbed Philip to death. It is interesting to note that about 700 years later when a Roman general demanded that all of his troops sacrifice to the Emperor to confirm their loyalty, the same Thebian elite unit, now comprising a legion of 6,000 men, refused to sacrifice and the entire legion was put to death.
Alexander invaded Anatolia, conquered Syria and Palestine, became the only one in the history of Afghanistan to conquer it, and conquered mighty Egypt. His goal was to unite the entire known world under one leader, speaking one language, and possessing one culture.
Before you read the following account, please read the story of Paula€™s visit to Athens as described by Luke, Paula€™s companion, in Acts 17:16-34. The Athenians developed a complex mythology in an attempt to make sense out of human existence. By the time of Christ there were literally several thousand gods and goddesses in the religious system of Athens. Monuments and altars to the many gods and goddesses lined the highway from Piraeus, the port, to the center of the city of Athens. Paul stopped in Athens on his way to Corinth, waiting for companions to arrive from Thessaloniki. In describing Paula€™s reaction to the Athenian idolatry, Luke, the companion of Paul, uses the Greek word paroxysm from which we get paroxsymal. Epicureans taught that the basis of human life was to a€?eat, drink, and have a good time, because tomorrow we will die.a€? There are no moral absolutes.
Sophists were an itinerant group of philosophers who emphasized the intellect as the basis of human success. Paul was invited to climb up to Mars Hill, a large hill inside Athens about 300 yards from the Acropolis. Some have suggested that Paul made a mistake by resorting to philosophy and logic in an attempt to be accepted by the Areopagus. They asked the oracle at Delphi, what had they done to cause this plague, and most importantly, what could they do to end it? Further, the Oracle said, the Athenians must travel to the Island of Crete, to Knossos, a traditional enemy of Athens, to seek out the legendary prophet, Epimenides.
Upon arriving at Athens, Epimenides noticed the hundreds of altars and monuments dedicated to the scores of Athenian deities. According to Plato, he states in his Laws, since the deity sacrificed to was unknown to the Athenians and unknown to Epimenides, the sites were named in honor of Agnosto Theo, the unknown god who had been appeased and who had lifted the plague.
Plato further noted that Epimenides prophesied that in ten years Persia would again attempt to invade Athens but would be frustrated and turned back.
Within ten years, Persia, under Darius, attempted to invade Athens, just as Epimenides predicted, but was defeated at the famous Battle of Marathon. Lest we become too enamored by Epimenides, however, he also claimed that Zeus was immortal. The refusal of the people of Crete to adore Zeus as the Immortal One caused Epimenides to make that classic statement, a€?All Cretans, liars!a€? This quote is cited by Paul in Titus 1:12. In the book, Peace Child, Don Richardson describes how the Gospel seemed to be a concept beyond the ability of the Asmat tribe in New Guinea to understand. Likewise, in the Ekari tribe of New Guinea the loss was lamented of the knowledge of Ajii, a place where the dead could go after death, where there was the absence of war, illness, sadness. In this same way, Paul used the bridge of the agnosto theo to enable the Athenians to understand the Gospel.
Although Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle were later revered by the rest of the world, they were not well received during their lifetimes in Athens.
What truths did Epimenides declare about the true God when he made his four suggestions about the agnosto theo? What can we learn from this story to help us in talking with other people about the Good News of Jesus? Although Rome conquered Greece, Greece in its religion, philosophy, and language conquered Rome. The Christian faith grew rapidly in Greece, including such famous Christian communities as those in Corinth, Athens, Philippi, and Thessaloniki.
After the fall of Constantinople to the Islamic Ottoman Turks in 1453, most of Greece in 1460 fell to the Ottomans.The Ottoman Turks were mountain people from the north of Persia who invaded and conquered present-day Turkey by the 12th century. Facing Russian troops sent by the Christian tsar of Russia at the walls of Constantinople in 1829, the Sultan of the Ottomans finally recognized Greek independence. In the 20th Century Greece was occupied by Nazi Germany during World War II, and a communist government was elected shortly after the war. Greece is important and of interest to Western Christians because it was the birthplace of the Christian Church in Europe. Greece is also the civilization that served as a bottleneck, preventing the domination of Islam in Europe.
What is not laudable, is the religious darkness that existed in Greece prior to the arrival of the Gospel. What are the differences between the limited democracy of Athens and democracy as practiced in the United States?
What evidences are there for humane treatment of girls and women in the ancient Greek civilization?
It is said that the Romans capture the Greeks, but in reality the Greeks captured the Romans.
The classical civilizations of Greece established institutions and defined values and styles that endured for many centuries and that continue to influence our lives today. Alongside of these religions developed two divinely revealed religions: Judaism and Christianity. The first Greek civilization was the Minoan civilization, located on the island of Crete, with Knossos as its main community.
The migration into the Greek mainland from the north by the Mycenaean people, and their subsequent invasion of Crete, resulted in a common language. Troy was a city-state strategically located at the Hellespont, where it controlled traffic to and from Europe and Asia Minor. Athens served as one of the models for the Founding Fathers of the United States of America, but as a direct democracy functioned very differently than the representative democracy established in the United States. While Athens was experimenting with a direct democracy, Israel had received from Jehovah through Moses a form of democratic, representative government. Israel, even though embracing a limited monarchy, considered itself a theocracy, with Jehovah at its center and the temple and sacrificial system centered in Jerusalem. The story of the plague at Athens and the wisdom of Epimenides led to the worship of the a€?Unknown Goda€? and to the eventual entrance of the Gospel to Athens and Greece.
Persia became the feared enemy of the Greek city-states, resulting in three major battles at Marathon, Thermopylae, and Salamis. Ironically, the wife of Xerxes, king of Persia, was Esther, a Jewish woman whose family had been takenA  to Babylon in the Babylonian Captivity of 566 BC. The refusal of Athens to share its democratic dream with the other city-states, as well as jealousy and rebellion on the part of the other city-states, resulted in the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC).
Macedonia under Philip the Great conquered all of Greece and established the Macedonian empire.
The values contained in The Iliad and The Odyssey that permeated Greek culture and Western Civilization.
The difference between a direct democracy, like that of Athens, and a representative republic, like that of the United States of America. The battles in the Persian-Greek wars at Thermopylae, Marathon, and Salamis, included the reasons why the numerically smaller Greek forces were able to ultimately defeat the vast forces of Persia. 1.Excellence (arete) --A  doing the best you can, setting high levels of achievement, being the best at what you do, being superior in achievement to that of others. 2.Honor -- being a person of virtue, one who lends to neighbors without expecting repayment, and one who keeps promises and commitments. 3.Bravery -- for the Greek man bravery during war and athletic prowess in peacetime were the goals. 4.Sacrifice -- being willing to give up self-comfort for the sake of the polis, choosing to defend the polis over family life. Seven major coalitions of European nations formed between 1798 and 1815 to oppose Napoleona€™s invasion of Europe. After the War of the Second Coalition Great Britain stood alone against France and lived under the constant threat of invasion by a rapidly developing French navy. In 1803-1806 the French armies fought against the Third Coalition known as the Triple Alliance , comprised of Britain, Russia, and Austria.
In 1806 Napoleon replaced the Holy Roman Empire with a new entity, the Confederation of the Rhine. England was an important financial and military opponent of Napoleon and was his major obstacle to total European domination.
The application of the Code was simple: it was a written set of laws--you either obeyed them or you did not.
Civil Law has remained in force in many parts of Europe, except for those areas which formerly were part of the British Empire.
English Common Law, on the other hand, is based upon case law i??or decisions made by courts in prior times who dealt with similar situations. In Common Law courts determine what part of a body of law or a constitution applies to a particular situation, event, behavior, crime. In Common Law, a prosecuting attorney and a defense attorney makes their cases to the jury. In English Common Law there is provision for a defense attorney, a jury of peers, the concept of innocent until proven guilty, and the right of appeal to a higher court.
Napoleona€™s preoccupation with solidifying his power in France, pushing forward his agenda for expanding the empire, exhausting his energies required in warfare with the rest of Europe, and problems with the uprising of African slaves in Haiti, caused Napoleon to agree to sell the Louisiana Territory (see Map C below) to the newly formed United States of America for the ridiculous price of $15 million.
Napoleon believed the sugar industry in Haiti was at the time and would be in the future far more important to France economically than the wild, uncharted wilderness of America. Russia in particular suffered great economic loss and reopened trade with Great Britain in 1812. The Russians knew they were no match for the French in head to head combat and continued to retreat into the interior of Russia, stretching the French supply lines thinner and thinner. Yet Napoleon continued his advance all the way to Moscow (see Map A above), arriving at the city in September 1812. In October 1812 Napoleon gave the order to return home, not having accomplished his goal of forcing Czar Alexander to rejoin the Continental System. During his adventures in Russia a Sixth Coalition, known as the Quadruple Alliance, was formed in1813 by Great Britain, Russia, Prussia, and Austria. After returning home following the failure in Russia, Napoleon raised a new French army with European allies and attacked Germany in 1813.
At Leipzig Napoleon was faced by approximately 360,000 coalition troops, including the Austrian-Hungarian, Prussian, Russian, and Swedish armies, in what has come to be called the Battle of the Nations, October 16-19, 1813.
Napoleona€™s army was made up of French, Italian, Polish, and Germans from the Rhine Confederation and numbered about 200,000 troops and 700 guns.
The French were defeated by the superior Coalition armies and during their retreat a major bridge was mistakenly blown up by a French solider, greatly impeding the retreat. After the exile of Napoleon, the monarchies of Europe, namely Prussia, Austria, and Russia, used their right as conquerors to re establish the French monarchy, and Louis XVIII, cousin of Louis XVI, took the French throne. In 1815 Napoleon escaped from Elba, returned to Paris, like a magnet attracted his old comrades in arms, and the French army and public were again ready to follow.


This time the Coalition stationed troops in Paris as occupiers, exiled Napoleon under the watch of 10,000 soldiers on the remote island of St. His conquests spread nationalism as European countries, formerly divided, united to resist His advances.
He gave to France a sense of glory and created through his European empire Francea€™s highest level of conquest.
He combined important innovative elements that other authoritarian regimes could and did imitate: secret police, propaganda, orchestrating elections to gain achieve his own goals, empower the state use the educational system and religion to indoctrinate the public, and conduct external wars to get the minds of the people off of their problems at home. The Treaty called for a conference between the European nations to be held to discuss the future of Europe.
Major land grants were given to Prussia, Austria, and Russia, but the Congress was very soft in its handling of France.
Metternich, Prime Minister of the Austrian Empire, emerged as the leading figure at the Congress. It provided the model for the Russian Revolution fueled by the economic and political philosophy of Karl Marx.
It emphasized personal freedom and liberty -- freedom from feudalism, serfdom and the absolute rule of monarchs. A new idea was born: A nation is not a country filled with loyal subjects, but a population of free men living as equal citizens together and freely. The Napoleonic Code developed a civil code of law that was practiced without deviation in every province of France and in all European states.
Advanced was the idea, although not successfully in France during the revolution itself, of a statewide school system. The French economy and French industry were set back a whole generation and lagged behind Germany and Britain.
Human reason was elevated to a level of worship -- the Religion of Reason -- from which France has never recovered. Attacks on the Bible and on the Christian Church (both Protestant and Catholic) plunged France into a state of skepticism and humanism which remain more entrenched in France than other European countries.
It replaced the Christian calendar, eliminated all Christian holidays, and created a ten day week to prevent people from attempting to observe Sunday as a holy day.
French citizens were forced, either by mob action or social pressure, to leave the Roman Church, forced priests to marry, and forbade all Christian teachings. A glimpse of the dignity of mankind was gained but failed to understand the origin of that dignity, substituting the words of the philosophes for the word of God. It gave to Europe the Napoleonic Code which does not offer the personal guarantees to accused persons as are found in the English Code of Law as practiced in England and the United States. 21.7 What followed in France after the Revolution of 1789 and Napoleona€™s defeat in 1815?
After the French Revolution came to an end in 1815 with the defeat of the French army at the Battle of Waterloo, the victors installed Louis XVIII on the restored throne, vacated when Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette were executed.
The quest for a true republican constitutional government was not realized in France until 1870 when Napoleon III was defeated by Prussia and the other German states in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1871. A Russian fear that Napoleon would next invade Central Europe led to the War of the Fourth Coalition. English Common Law, on the other hand, is based upon case law or decisions made by courts in prior times who dealt with similar situations. Napoleona€™s army was made up of French, Italian, Polish, and Germans from the Rhine Confederation and numbered about 200,000 troops and 700 guns.A  Altogether over 600,000 troops were engaged in the battle, making it the largest single battle in European history until World War II.
Napoleon again ruled as emperor of France, but this time for only 100 days.A  He marched north and was met by a Seventh Coalition formed by Britain, the Netherlands, Austria, Russia, and the German states of Prussia, and Hanover. 21.7A  What followed in France after the Revolution of 1789 and Napoleona€™s defeat in 1815?
Eight patients treated with intratympanic and oral corticosteroids were selected, just two patients showed improvement over the hearing but seven of them showed big improvement in their tinnitus, which was demonstrated by an improvement in the values of the degrees of severity of tinnitus. In most cases, there is a unilateral hearing loss, with bilateral involvement reported en less than 5%1.
However, the current trend is to consider the sudden deafness as a disease of multifactorial etiology2. In idiopathic cases, the oral corticosteroids are widely used, although the supporting evidence is weak. However, there are few theories trying to explain its mechanism, one of than associates this symptom with a maladaptive attempts of a cortical reorganization process due to peripheral deafferentation4. The majority ask doctors about the prognosis of residual tinnitus at the final day of medical treatment for SSNHL.
From June 2011 to July 2013, 64 patients with a diagnosis of sudden sensorineural hearing loss were seen at the otorhinolaryngology outpatient and emergency unit of our Center, Eight was suffering from severe disabling tinnitus. A detailed clinical history was taken, followed by an otoneurological examination, and an initial audiological assessment by tonal and vocal audiometry, impedance testing, speech recognition rate (SRR), laboratory tests, and an image exam (magnetic resonance imaging with contrast of the inner auditory canal). Eight patients suffering from severe disabling tinnitus agreed to undergo rescue therapy and signed the free informed consent form to be included in this study.
All patients with fluctuating hearing loss or suspected Meniere's disease were also excluded from this study. A second injection was done if there was any possibility that the first injection was not adequate.
A 20 dB improvement at 0.5, 1 and 2KHz, or a 20% improvement in discrimination was enough to consider the intervention as successful. In the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) score ranges from 1 to 10, where 10 represents the highest degree of tinnitus severity. However, corticosteroids seem to have universal acceptance and are the ones with proven effectiveness. Such treatments aim to improve inner ear oxygenation and include vasodilators, plasma expanders, steroids and anticoagulants11.
In the EVA, it is observed that 100% of patients had a score greater than or equal to 7 and a significant reduction in scores of patients 1, 2, 3, 4, 7 and 8, in order to reduce at least two points on score and the same was observed in the degree of severity in THI (Table 1). Patient 2, despite their age, presents a clinical STD (sexually transmitted disease) that could prevent or reduce the effectiveness of the proposed treatment. The administration of hyperbaric oxygen is based on the argument that both the hearing loss and the tinnitus may result from a hypoxic event in the cochlea, and that hyperbaric oxygen therapy may be able to reverse the oxygen deficit. Eight patients were followed with improvement in SSHL auditory thresholds (Group A) and eight patients with poor hearing improvement (Group B), to elucidate the behavior of these symptoms in your ongoing recovery. Several therapeutic efforts including intravenous steroids and graft in the round window showed no positive responses. All subjects had SSHL, although the group "short" had a better prognosis than the group "longer duration" when restricted to SSHL accompanied by tinnitus.
Ten patients with sudden hearing loss and severe-profound unilateral tinnitus associates were implanted with a mean age of 42.7 years deployment. It was conducted a prospective study that analyzed gender, laterality and age of patients, along with changes in the level of hearing and tinnitus, after scoring early SSHL to determine the prognostic factors of residual tinnitus after the last day of treatment for SSHL.
The tinnitus was assessed subjectively by a questionnaire before, 6 and 24 months after initiation of treatment. The scores of tinnitus in all three items were significantly better 6 months after initiation of treatment comparing with the last treatment. Especially younger patients with hearing improvement achieve an improvement of tinnitus in the period between 6 and 24 months after initiation of treatment.
Specialist in Otology and Neurotology by Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA, PhD in Medical Sciences from the University of Brasilia, Professor at Health Sciences School - University of Brasilia - Brasilia - DF - Brazil.
103 patients with SSNHL and 113 age and sex-matched controls were enrolled at University of Ferrara, Italy and hearing loss outcome was measured at least 3a€‰months after the onset of hearing loss. The majority of patients with SSNHL have no identifiable causes and are thus classified as a€?idiopathica€? [2]. This result may be of clinical significance in diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis for SSNHL patients and may provide a new therapeutic strategy for SSNHL. HC, CY, DC and JK involved in drafting the manuscript or revising it critically for important intellectual content and performed the statistical analysis. In this context we are sharing our experience of drastic improvement in Sudden SNHL in a patient in whom oral and parenteral steroids were contraindicated due to existing diseases.
Intratympanic versus intravenous delivery of dexamethasone and dexamethasone sodium phosphate to cochlear perilymph.
Corticosteoid pharmacokinetics in the inner ear fluids: An animal study followed by clinical application. Ita€™s most famous ruler was the legendary king Minos who established the capitol city of Knossos. It was a warrior culture mentioned by Homer in his two epics, the Iliad and the Odyssey, describing the events that took place during the Trojan Wars between the Mycenaeans from the mainland of Greece and Troy on the western shoreline of Anatolia (present-day Turkey). They were carried into Roman culture by Virgil, were embraced by the Byzantines, and were carried into Italy during the Renaissance. Art, pottery, sculpturing, and architecture developed, establishing the foundation for much of the Classical period.
Athenian democracy developed under Pericles and the Parthenon was built on the Acropolis in Athens in worship of Athena.
It derived its name from the goddess Athena who in Greek myth competed with Poseidon to be the patron of the city.
The Isthmus games were held every two years at the narrow isthmus of Greece, located near Corinth. He was most angered by Athens and Sparta, because when his father Darius sent messengers to those two cities to offer them the opportunity to surrender prior to the Battle of Marathon, they killed Dariusa€™ emissaries by throwing them down into deep wells. The Persians arrived at a narrow, rocky pass, Thermopylae, which overlooked the rocky shoreline below -- a 50-foot wide narrow pass which only permitted a limited numbers of troops to squeeze through the pass at a time. King Leonidas of Sparta blocked the pass with 300 Spartans and 400 soldiers from other city-states.
A Greek traitor, however, revealed a hidden pass through the mountains that would by-pass Thermopylae and allow the Persian to attack Leonidas from the rear.
He sent a messenger to Xerxes with the message that many of the Greeks were terrified, that they would not fight, and that if Xerxes sent his ships into the Bay of Salamis they could easily wipe out the Athenian navy. This would not bode well for the future of peace between the two city-states, however, and ultimately resulted in the Peloponnesian Wars.
During the Peloponnesian War Athens suffered from a plague, which took the life of Pericles.
Pericles led a number of major building projects in Athens including the rebuilding of the Parthenon, constructing a large statue of Athena in the Parthenon, and rebuilt the acropolis.
Socrates maintained that the universe and life below here on earth pointed to a different reality. In the dialogue, Meno, Socrates set forth the idea that when a person is born it is a reincarnation of the eternal soul which contains all knowledge.
He argued that the soul is eternal, lives on after the death of the physical body, and existed before the physical body.
Although he disagreed with some of his teachings, Plato memorialized Socrates in his work, the Apology of Plato.
In it he describes the ideal form of government and society comprised of three classes of people: producers (craftsmen, farmers, builders), warriors, and guardians (rulers). The goal is to follow the lead of the rational and spiritual portions of the soul and to make them masters over the appetite. They can only speculate and guess, based upon the shadows they see moving across the floor and walls of the cave.
Plato seemed to these North European Christians to be saying that reality is above where God is.
After his education in Athens, Aristotle was hired by King Philip of Macedonia to be the personal tutor of this son, the future Alexander the Great in Macedonia. Too many good things go unaccomplished because of either a bad beginning or not beginning at all. During the Reign of Terror in France all Christian symbols were removed from the cathedral in Paris and a statute of the Goddess of Human Reason was placed in the cathedral. On the other hand, there is considerable evidence, some speculate, that many of the Greek gods and goddesses were reminder remnants of Biblical history prior to the Flood of Noah. Eve may be the prototype of Athena, because invariably when depicted in Greek sculpture Athena is pictured with a snake at her one side and a sword at the other. Access to its snowy peaks was very difficult, it was shrouded in mystery, and was supposed by the Greeks to be the home of the Twelve Olympians. He is the son of Gaea and then became her husband; together they had many offspring, including twelve of the Titans.
Because Atlas led the Titans in the battle, he was singled out by Zeus for a special punishment and was condemned to hold up for eternity the world on his back. Earth (Gaia) presents the new-born child to Athena, who represents the reborn serpent-friendly Eve after the Flood. In Section One of the Cycle of Rebirths in Buddhism, the gods and demigods are continually engaged, as here with the Greek deities, in a struggle over who will obtain the magic fruit of the tree that dispenses wisdom and eternity. To depict this, Athena is usually accompanied by one or several snakes -- the symbol to the Greeks of hidden wisdom.
As the story goes, Olympia, a mystical follower of the god Dionysus, often slept with a giant snake in her bed as both a pet and a spiritual symbol of Zeus. Olympia immediately feared that Cleopatra would produce a son who would become the legitimate heir to Philipa€™s throne.
When he ran from the banquet, two of Alexandera€™s other friends caught him and killed him. When a boy baby was later born to Cleopatra, Alexandera€™s mother Olympia arranged to have Cleopatra and the child killed to prevent a challenger to Alexandera€™s throne.
In Egypt he left behind a Greek, General Ptolemy, who became the first of the Ptolemaic pharaohs.
Wherever he went he left behind Greek soldiers to intermarry with the population and in this way to capture the local culture. In other words, Paul was a€?deeply shaken.a€? he had a a€?sudden attacka€? or a€?deep disturbance,a€? and felt impelled to make a statement.
He informs them about the unknown God, the Creator, who is near to each one of us, the one whom they worship but whose identity is a mystery to them. The Greeks, whether from Sparta, Athens, or Thebes, would never think of going to war, embarking on a new project, or taking a long trip, without consulting with the Oracle. The Oracle's advice disturbed them -- an Unknown God was the cause of the plague, she said, who intended to punish the Athenians for having violated many years before an ancient Greek code of conduct against another city-state.
The grateful citizens wanted to reward Epimenides, but he declined any payment, asking merely for a treaty of peace between Athens and his home city, Knossos. He spent the majority of his time in front of them filling that empty concept of the unknown god with truth about the God they worshipped as the agnosto theo. That is, until he discovered the exchange of little children made between warring clans for the purpose of making peace. The Roman gods, for example, were for the most part simply re named Greek gods from Greek mythology.
It impacted the entire culture of Greece and the population were almost entirely Christianized by the middle of the second century.
They destroyed most of the ancient Christian communities in Turkey, like Ephesus, Laodicea, Pergamum, and other churches listed in the New Testament.
The long struggle of Greece to resist Islam and to serve as a guard for the rest of Christian Europe against the Islamic Ottomans was at last over. It is interesting to travel through Greece to see white crosses placed virtually every hilltop to celebrate their independence from Ottoman rule.
Churches at Corinth, Ephesus, Thessaloniki, and Philippi all had New Testament letters addressed to them.
Many school children in America study Greek mythology in school, thinking of it as some sort of fairy tale, cartoonish system, not realizing its demonic roots and total domination of the Greek culture. Thomas Jefferson seemed to have favored implementing a certain form of limited democracy in the United States.
How might they have been modified and re directed after the Greeks embraced the Christian faith? They drove many of the Mycenaean people to the Ionian coast, and intermarried with the remaining Mycenaeans to form the Greek people. 700 B.C), authored two important epics, the Iliad and the Odyssey, the oldest known European literature. There is some indication that this mythology was the deification of a€?heroica€? men and women of old, who, before the Flood, composed the line of unrighteous persons.
This was in stark contrast to the polytheism and idolatry practiced by its neighbors, including Greece and Rome. Napoleona€™s armies invaded and conquered most of Germany, Austria, Italy, Spain, and Bohemia. Almost all of the German states joined the Confederation except for Prussia and Austria, although Austria was now under French governance. In 1806 Russia, Prussia, Great Britain, Sweden, and Saxony joined in war A Russian fear that Napoleon would next invade Central Europe led to the War of the Fourth Coalition. The Prussian army was destroyed in a sudden invasion and Russia was forced to ask for peace and was compelled to join the Continental System, an umbrella of economic, trade, and judicial control that France imposed on Europe. In a legal system based upon civil law, the laws of the land are written for everyone to see. In those areas English Common Law is still the basis for the legal system (Ireland, England, India, Canada, the United States, Australia, New Zealand). Whatever decisions they made at that time bear heavily upon what is decided in a present case. If a case in the present falls within those guidelines, the courts determine whether the person is guilty or not guilty, using juries of peers to make that determination.
He invaded Russia with nearly half a million infantry, 28,000 cavalry and 590 artillery guns. By September 1812, having not yet fought one battle with the Russians, Napoleon lost through sickness, lack of food, or desertion nearly two-thirds of his army. But when he reached his prize, he arrived at a burning city that was totally depopulated and all agricultural crops either destroyed or already harvested by the retreating population.
An early winter had already set in, the Cossack cavalry attacked the troops on their way back to Europe, and by the time Napoleon reached the German border, only 10,000 soldiers remained. They were not prepared nor capable of meeting the next Coalition that quickly formed upon hearing of the French demise. He was dealt his first major defeat in battle by the Prussians and was unable to enter and seize Berlin. Another 15,000 able bodied men were captured along with 21,000 sick or wounded and 350 guns.
Alexander, Caesar, Charlemagne and I myself have founded great empires; but upon what did these creations of our genius depend?
Through his leadership absolutism was restored in much of Europe and maintained the balance of power between the dominant states. The goal of the victors-- Great Britain, Prussia, Austria, Russia, the Netherlands, Italy--was to establish a constitutional monarchy in France.
France, however, continued to struggle for social and political stability until 1962 when the Fifth Republic was established.
When he agreed, the American ambassador had him sign immediately before he changed his mind! They were not prepared nor capable of meeting the next Coalition that quickly formed upon hearing ofA  the French demise.
Another 15,000 able bodied men were captured along with 21,000 sick or wounded and 350 guns.A  The Coalition suffered 64,000 killed or wounded. The coalition was led by the British Duke of Wellington, and on June 18, 1815 at the Battle of Waterloo near present day Brussels, Belgium, Napoleon and his army was again and for the last time defeated by allied forces under the leadership of two outstanding generals,A  General Blucher of Prussia, and the Duke of Wellington from Britain.
Within three years, however, Napoleon III plunged the nation again into absolutism by declaring himself the Emperor of a new Second French Empire. In many cases, the etiology remains unknown and constitutes a major challenge, even after complete otologic evaluation, and these cases are classified as idiopathic sudden deafness3.
Intratympanic dexamethasone has been trialled in patients with sudden sensorineural hearing loss, because it provides a high concentration of steroids in the labyrinth in animal models1, although its evidence are conflicting. This study was approved by the institutional review board of the Medical School and the University Hospital in which it was carried out. Below are the details of inclusion criteria, the audiometric assessment, application technique, analysis of The Tinnitus Handicap Inventory and Analogue Visual Scale for Tinnitus and outcome of recovery of Hearing Loss and Tinnitus. The speech recognition rate (SRR) was based on the percentage of correct answers for monosyllables. EMLA cream was placed in the outer ear canal and the tympanic membrane and left for 30 to 45 minutes, after which it was removed.
Failure of oral prednisolone therapy was absence of improvement, as just described, after 14 days of treatment. In relation to the mean-tone, obtained as a result of the following classifications: mild (25%), moderate (25%), severe (25%) and deep (25%).
Sudden hearing loss can occur mainly in the age group 43-53 years7, with equal gender distribution. Already Patient 4 also showed no change in auditory thresholds, showed a significant change in their tinnitus. Significant increase of 25% was found in the hearing threshold of patients undergoing this type of therapy, but in relation to tinnitus, the study was not conclusive13. Seven patients (70%) treated with enoxaparin sodium and venous hemofiltration (group A) had reduced subjective tinnitus and four patients (40%) showed a complete hearing recovery after the first procedure.
Given the failure of the rapies performed, it was suggested the cochlear implant that, according to the authors, is a routine procedure for patients with profound bilateral sensorineural hearing loss, and succeeded, some reports showed a suppression of tinnitus as a side effect after implantation. This indicates that the tinnitus by itself cannot be a problem sign in the prognosis of hearing, but may be an essential sound for the early recovery of the damaged auditory system. Shortly after the standard fitting procedure, the patient reported a reduction of tinnitus, hyperacusis, and the headache disappeared completely in the follow-up of 3, 6 and 12 months. Seven patients experienced an improvement inTHI in different degrees and in only one patient there was no change.
44 patients with SSHL were followed, all treated with systemic steroids administration for 2 weeks and oral ingestion of vasoactive drugs and B12 vitamin for 6 months.
Among the comparison between 6 and 24 months after initiation of treatment, there was no significant change.
Oral vs intratympanic corticosteroid therapy for idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss: a randomized trial. Intratympanic dexamethasone injections as a treatment for severe, disabling tinnitus: does it work? Cochlear implant in patients with sudden unilateral sensorineural hearing loss and associated tinnitus. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss and tinnitus: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials.
Sodium enoxaparin and venovenous hemofiltration in treating sudden sensorineural hearing loss and tinnitus. Otoacoustic emissions, ear fullness and tinnitus in the recovery course of sudden deafness. Curing tinnitus with a Cochlear Implant in a patient with unilateral sudden deafness: a case report.
SSNHL affects 5 to 20 persons for each 100,000 individuals annually and can be devastating because they can lose their hearing permanently.
All the patients underwent audiological examinations including pure tone audiometry, speech recognition threshold, immittance measurements such as tympanogram and acoustic reflex; other audiometric tests for the differential diagnosis of cochlear vs retrocochlear pathologies were performed in selected cases. It has been known that elevated plasma levels of PAI-1 are associated with SSNHL [6], but the role of the PAI-1 is controversial [6, 11].
IK and CC carried out the molecular genetic studies, participated in drafted the manuscript. He probably did not write the Iliad and the Odyssey because handwriting was not discovered in Greece until about 400 years after the time Homer was said to have lived.There were Greek colonies all along the Ionian coastline. The philosophic schools of Socrates and Plato developed.The Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC) was fought between Athens and Sparta and their allied city-states. Darius and the Persians invaded Greece with over 100,000 troops but were defeated by 20,000 Greek hoplites in the famous battle at Marathon just north of Athens.
Her story is recorded in the Book of Esther and through her efforts a major slaughter of the Jews was averted.
When a spy told them that the Persians were so numerous that when they shot their arrows they blocked the sun, Leonidasa€™ response was, a€?Good! Xerxes sent about 400 Persian triremes into the bay where the larger Persian ships, loaded with soldiers who could not swim, were faced by 300 smaller, sleeker Greek ships built to sail from island to island and were much more maneuverable. These wars involved virtually all of the Greek city-states who allied themselves with either Athens or Sparta.
He was so important to the life of Athens that his period of leadership is called the Age of Pericles (5th century).
He is also known for his contribution to the further development of democracy in Athens, which also provided salaries for magistrates and limited eligibility for public office to those who were born to two Athenian-born parents.
Confucius was the result of the Warring States period in Chinese history and he sought employment as a civil servant in order to sell his ideas to the rulers. Therefore, each child, upon physical birth, is a reincarnation of that eternal soul and hence possesses that ancient knowledge.
When he was ransomed by his friends they purchased a small property for him so that he could settle down. But we are trapped in our human bodies and cannot conceive of those Forms other than by observing their shadows down here in the lower story where we live.
We only see his reflections down here but one day we will be fully enlightened when we go to heaven to be where he is.
For example, it is okay to laugh at a joke during lunch time, but probably is a bad idea in the middle of your grandmothera€™s funeral. They knew nothing about a personal God who lies outside of us, who communicates with us, and who has set out for us ideas and principles that are absolutes by which we are to live. Hera represents the serpenta€™s Eve before the Flood, and Athena represents the rebirth of the serpenta€™s Eve after the Flood. The ruler of the Titans was Cronus (or Chronos, from which we get the words a€?chronologya€? and a€?chronometera€?).


Gaea seems to have been an earth-mother who was worshipped before the Indo-European invasion into Greece that lead to the Hellenistic civilization. His rule ended when his son Cronus, encouraged by Uranusa€™ mother-wife,Gaea, castrated him. 190 BC), Nereus, the Greek Noah, standing in the rear to left, is the only one among the many other figures who is not actively engaged in the battle. The figure to the left of Gaia and the child is Hephaistos, the eldest son of Zeus and Hera, the deified Cain, the eldest son of Adam and Eve. Is it possible that Athena, as with the other Greek deities, is a flashback to a pre-flood person -- possibly, Eve? Later she convinced the young Alexander that when she conceived him in her womb, she had become pregnant, not by Philip, but by Zeus, king of the gods. When Philip, drunken from wine, stumbled over a table in his attempt to strike Alexander, Alexander taunted Philip in front of all the guests by exclaiming, a€?Look! The most famous of his descendants was Cleopatra, lover of Julius Caesar and Marc Anthony. He also created several cities which he named Alexandria, the most famous becoming the capitol of Egypt under the Greek Ptolemaic pharaohs.
As each group of invaders swept into Greece, parts of their mythologies and deities of their religions were incorporated into the Greek religion. On the top of the Acropolis in Athens stood the Parthenon, the temple devoted to the worship of Athena. Luke tells us that Paul attracted the attention of the Epicureans and the Stoics, the two main schools of Athenian philosophy at the time.
They even founded a debating forum called the Areopagus, a unique Athenian group, at one time the ruling institution of Athens. Paul was a master at meeting people where they were, moving them in the direction of truth, and then explaining to them the Gospel.
Every year a woman from a local village was selected to spend the entire year sitting on a stool at Delphi, next to an open crevasse created by one of the many earthquakes in the region. All of the known gods either dona€™t hear us or are incapable of helping you with this plague. It was in this condition that the Apostle Paul found the Athenians when he visited them in the first century A. When one of the warring clans wanted peace, they would take one of their own baby boys and, traveling under a truce to the enemy village, would offer the little boy as a peace offering. Letters in the New Testament were written to Greek churches at Corinth, Thessaloniki, Philippi, and Ephesus.
When Constantine built the new Roman capitol at Constantinople, Greece became the host-area for the Byzantine Empire.
Christian monasteries in mountainous Greece became the safe havens for the Christian scriptures and other Christian literature. Many buildings in the United States imitate great architecture with their large marble pillars, built during the a€?Greek revivala€? in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
Napoleon sent his new ships in pursuit of the British, with the plan to annihilate the British navy and thereby to make it easier for his troops to invade England.
An entire Austrian army was first destroyed at Ulm, and the combined Austrian-Russian army was defeated in December 1805 at the famed Battle of Austerlitz, considered to be one of the most brilliantly led battles in history. The Continental System was essentially a naval blockade against Great Britain that sought to block all European trade with England and thus to bring England to its knees.
Judges make decisions based upon a persona€™s compliance with that law and imposes a sentence determined by that law.
If the jury determines that the person is guilty, the judge then gives the jury the guidelines for sentencing within which they must decide. Russia defended with 72,000 regular infantry, 10,000 militia, 17,000 cavalry, 7,000 Cossack cavalry, and 640 artillery.
There was not even shelter left for his troops to sleep in or to gain warmth in the middle of increasingly cold weather. The Coalition forced Napoleon from the French throne and exiled him to the island of Elba near his home island of Corsica. The desire was to not burden France with large indemnities in order to make the transition back to a constitutional monarchy under Louis XVIII as smooth as possible.
But the Congress also did much to restore Europe to peace and tranquility, which lasted for almost fifty years until the Year of Revolutions broke out in 1848.
The Goddess of Reason was enthroned in the Paris Cathedral after all Christian symbols were removed. He remained emperor until removed from his throne in 1871 after suffering defeat in the Franco-Prussian War (1870-1871). Only 2 patients had improvement of hearing (from severe to normal, mild to normal), keeping unchanged all other results and no worsening (Table 2 and Figure 2). Patient 8, 73 years, has hypertension and diabetes, as well as probable hearing loss due to presbycusis before the episode of sudden deafness. In group B, eight patients (80%) treated with conventional therapy showed a reduction of subjective tinnitus and hearing score also improved in eight patients (80%) - the hearing remained unchanged in two patients (20%).
All patients in both groups had ear fullness and tinnitus in association with the onset of the SSHL. One year after the onset of symptoms on the right side, the cochlear implant was performed, and resulted in a complete suppression of tinnitus after activating the implant. It was concluded that, according to the survey of tinnitus, the time factor is the most reliable item for subjective tinnitus.
Genotype distribution was tested in patients and compared to controls by chi-square and odd-ratio analysis. The etiology of SSNHL is still unclear although the most recent studies suggest viral infection, vascular impairment, intracochlear membrane rupture, and autoimmune process as possible causes [3, 4].
Auditory brainstem response (ABR) was always performed except when hearing loss exceeded 80a€‰dB in the acute frequencies. Among the unilateral cases, the degree of SSNHL was mild in 6 patients, moderate in 15, severe in 8, and profound in 4; one bilateral case was moderate degree in both side. After a thorough Ear, Nose, and Throat examination, including tuning fork tests, a Pure Tone Audiometry was done and a diagnosis of bilateral sensorineural hearing loss was made.
The Iliad and the Odyssey were memorized by the Greeks and became essential components of Greek thought and culture.
It is proposed by some that writing developed in Greece shortly after Homer in order to record his epics. It was in response to the aftermath of this war and the defeat of Athens by Sparta that Socrates (469-399 BC) grew to prominence in an attempt to bring order out of the chaos that developed. Pressure from Greecea€™s traditional enemy, Persia, prevented the idea of limited democracy from developing further and it was forgotten until much later under the leadership of Pericles (c.
The Olympic games were held every four years at Olympia, in south-west Greece in the Peloponnese. Darius, king of Persia, was furious to learn that Athens had aided the Greek colonies in their rebellion.
A bad taste was left in the mouths of the Athenians because the promised military assistance from Sparta never materialized. The troops were recruited (usually by force) from all of the Persian colonies throughout the Middle East.
Hearing that the entire army and navy of Athens was on the nearby island of Salamis, Xerxes decided to postpone his march through the isthmus and to first annihilate the Athenians.
Xerxes, who was overlooking the battle from a high cliff, watched in dismay as the Greeks used oars, spears, and heavy clubs to kill the Persians when their triremes were overturned.
The job of the teacher is simply to induce it to come out by asking wise, guiding questions. He named the property Academus -- Academy -- because he quickly turned it into the site for a school, following the pattern of his mentor, Socrates. Each has its own area of specialization and should not intrude into the areas of the other two classes. It is okay to eat a doughnut, but probably not a good idea to eat a dozen doughnuts, especially just before you go to bed or just before running a race. For instance, even though every village and town had its own favorite god or goddess and each had its own temple or sacred place, there was one goddess to whom it was permissible to make sacrifice, and none of the other gods and goddesses would be offended. To insure his safety and superior position, when each of his children were born, he ate them!
The sculptors have placed him as a mute witness to the Greek godsa€™ defeat of the Giants (Nereusa€™ Yahweh-believing sons) signifying the end of Greek faith in Noaha€™s God. Heracles, the Nimrod of Genesis, demands to know something that only the Salt Sea Old Man can tell him.
Philip, King of Macedonia, assembled a powerful military and was intent on conquering Persia as payback for Persiaa€™s earlier invasions of Greece and, in his day, its current ongoing threat to the well-being of Greece.
However, he died prior to completing the second step, his planned invasion of Anatolia and Persia. This divine parentage elevated Alexander to be a god in the flesh, on a par with the noblest heroes of Greek mythology.
Did Olympia and Alexander assassinate Philip prior to any chance of Philip fathering a son with Cleopatra? Beyond the beauty of the sites visited, however, Paul was deeply disturbed by the rampant idolatry. While Paul seemed to them to be an ignorant babbler, still, it was new and interesting information he was babbling about!
By the time of Paula€™s arrival it had become more like a breakfast club that gathered to hear all the latest ideas, fads, and philosophies. His approach at Athens was not a new tactic and did not result in a rejection of the Gospel.
Assemble also teams of stone masons and have ready a large supply of stones.a€? The next morning 100 goats arrived together with teams of masons and loads of stones.
Second, if there is an unknown god, that god must have the ability and the inclination to hear us when we sacrifice to him or her. The Greeks resisted conversion by the Muslim Ottomans and maintained a strong Christian culture, even in the face of frequent persecutions. However, at the Battle of Trafalgar, the British defeated a combined fleet of French and Spanish ships in October 1805, and destroyed most of the French fleet.
England, meanwhile, used her superior navy to blockade the French coasts from all shipping. Traditional forms of law practiced in the various European regions were discarded and the Napoleonic Code enforced. The judges are not free to rewrite the law, interpret the law, or change the consequences of breaking that law. If the the jury finds the defendant guilty, the judge gives them the guidelines within which they can choose a penalty. Metternich was the glue that held Europe together, but he held to a hard, unbending absolutism as the only viable form of government. The procedure is well tolerated and relatively easy to perform as outpatient procedure performed under local anesthesia (topical), general anesthesia can be avoided, most patients understand the concept of intratympanic therapy and easily accepts the proposed therapy. Regarding the THI scores, it ranged from 58 to 96, prior to initiation of therapy, 8-82 and 30 days after. Such comorbidities could not justify the improvement in hearing thresholds after the proposed therapy.
None of the patients experienced side effects from this treatment, and the authors concluded that this option can be beneficial as adjuvant therapy for hearing improvement in patients with PANSS, but cost factors are the main obstacles to the use of this therapy14.
However, these symptoms improved only in Group A, showing a significant relationship between recovery of hearing thresholds and improvement of aural fullness. Clinical improvement was also reflected by a decrease in the scores of questionnaires THI and VAS. The hearing recovery was determined by comparing the hearing levels before and after treatment and tinnitus was subjectively evaluated by using a questionnaire. The codominant and recessive models were used for the multiple logistic regression analyses of the PAI-1 gene allele.
Several studies have been reported on the association between cardiovascular risk factors and SSNHL, showing that high concentrations of cholesterol, fibrinogen, and homocysteine were risk factors [5a€“9]. Audiometric inclusion criterion was a decrease in hearing of at least 30a€‰dB in 3 contiguous frequencies.
On further questioning, she gave a history of hearing loss in the left ear, which started at the birth of her first child, when she was 23 years old. There were two early forms, one a derivative of hieroglyphics in Egypt, and the other from the Phoenicians. Famed military heroes and kings of the polis from the Mycenaean Age were included as gods in the growing mythology of the Greek religion.
A two-tiered class system developed based upon onea€™s personal wealth, with the greatest power going to those at the top of the ladder; the lowest classes, however, were free from taxation.
When they arrived at the Hellespont, Xerxes filled the channel with ships and built bridges over the decks of the ships so that the men and supplies could pass over into Greece. He did not dismiss the Thespians because not trusting their loyalty, he wanted to keep his eye on them. Furthermore, the Athenians, Corinthians, and other Greek ships were highly motivated because they were fighting for the survival of Greece. Not only could the Persians not swim but their long robes became water-soaked causing most to drown. Athens was viewed by many as the big, bad, prosperous wolf of Greece and potentially dangerous to the other city-states. His three principle featuring filial piety, he believed, would bring harmony and order to political, economic, and family life. This meant that it was not to the gods or the elders that we should run when seeking answers but through contemplating about onea€™s life, about what produces good, harmony, and happiness in this life. From Socratea€™s death comes the expression, a€?Pick your poison.a€? He chose to drink a beverage made of a lethal poison, hemlock. The rightful goal of every person is to faithfully live out the role assigned to him by nature and should not seek to do any other business or seek another other role. They probably would not believe him because what he saw and then reported to them would not necessarily conform to what they sightlessly imagined it to be.
Most of the Titans fought with Cronus against Zeus and were punished by being banished in defeat to Tartarus in the underworld. This worked fine until Rhea, unhappy at the loss of her children, tricked Cronus into swallowing a rock, instead of the newborn Zeus.
Herakles demands to know from Nereus, who is a living connection to the pre-Flood world, where he can find the enlightenment of the serpent.
He wondered how the Athenians, who had developed their special brand of democracy and produce philosophers like Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, could fall for such pagan concepts of spirituality. As she sat there on her stool, breathing in those toxic and perhaps hallucinogenic fumes, it was believed that she could predict the future.
Rubbing his sleepy eyes, Epimenides said, a€?Now, turn the goats loose and allow them to graze wherever they choose. Third, in order to help us this unknown god or goddess must have the ability and power to actually do something about the plague.
In this way the two warring clans were related together in one confederacy by the presence of this one a€?peace child. After the Ottomans failed in their 1683 attempt to conquer Vienna, Austria, Christian troops from Venice and Austria invaded Greece, attacked the Ottomans in Athens, and greatly weakened Ottoman rule in Greece, By the late 1700s, however, Ottoman rule was re established until the Greeks won their independence, region by region from the Ottomans.
Britain was to give up most of the areas won in the wars and France was to leave Naples and restore Egypt to the Ottoman Empire. The treaty gave to France all of Austriaa€™s lands in Bavaria and Italy and brought the end to the 1,000 year old Holy Roman Empire.
The jury chooses the penalty they believe to be appropriate for that particular case and involving only the evidence brought before them during the trial. The jury chooses theA  penalty they believe to be appropriate for that particular case and involving only the evidence brought before them during the trial. However, it should be emphasized again that in relation to complaints of tinnitus, it has undergone a significant change, in which catastrophic change of the degree to mild (Table 1).
Given this, the authors suggested the use of cochlear implants as a possible therapy for tinnitus persisted after sudden deafness.
The Mycenaeans were adventurers, traveling to and trading with peoples in Anatolia, Europe, and throughout the Mediterranean. It was a a€?limiteda€? democracy because it only allowed adult males (not women!) (1) to vote and hold office, (2) but only if they were born in the city of Athens, (3) and if they owned land. The teachera€™s role is to encourage that knowledge to come out by use of proper questions. Therefore, ethics is personal and autonomous (determined by onea€™s own thoughtful insight and not something received from others). We see the shadow of the Real Chair, the Real Tree, the Real Red Apple by looking at their shadows down here on earth. During their rule the Titans were associated with the various planets and their names remained attached to the planets when the Romans adopted much of Greek mythology. Zeus revolted against Cronus and the other Titans, defeated them, and banished them to Tartarus in the underworld.
While on his death bed, lying in a tent in Baghdad, his troops filed past in a huge procession to honor their great leader.
Since it is early morning, none of the goats will normally lie down, but will eat their full after a night with no food.
And fourth, this unknown god or goddess will understand that it is in ignorance that we do not know his or her name and will forgive us for our ignorance.a€? With those words, the sacrifices were offered up to the unknown god. Greek honor guards at the presidential palace today in Athens have 450 pleats in their native uniforms, signifying the 450 years that Greece was subjugated to the Ottoman Turks. The French ship building industry and rope manufacturing were severely harmed by the British blockade. It does not, however, make room for interpreting the law and what the consequences should be based upon (1) circumstances, (2) what prior courts decided in similar cases, or (3) what a jury decides. Common Law makes room for interpreting the law and what the consequences should be, based upon (1) the circumstances, (2) what prior courts decided in similar cases, but (3) only within the boundaries given to them by the judge. We obtained an average difference of 38.6 points among patients who reported an improvement in tinnitus before and after the course of oral steroids and intratympanic.
In group A, the OAE responses appeared simultaneously with the improvement in hearing levels in five patients (63%). Patients did not receive vestibular evaluation because exclusion criteria were the presence of vertigo or suspected Menierea€™s disease. Because of this the Athenians developed a€?overseasa€? colonies in order to grow wheat and other grains.
To the women and to those who moved to Athens from other areas, this was hardly a democracy. A soldier, Pheidippides, was sent running back to Athens, 26 miles to the south, to announce the good news of the victory.
Zeus and his wife (first known as Dione and then Hera) are deifications of Adam and his wife Eve.a€? (Johnson, The Parthenon Code 2004, p. The New Testament was not written in Aramaic (the language of Jesus and the apostles) or in Latin (the language of the Roman conquerors) but was written in Greek, the most widely spoken language.
Referring to EVA, there was a change from 7 to 10 points before therapy and from 1 to 8 points after it, in relation to intensity. It was concluded that patients with hearing improvement PANSS (Group A) tend to have OAE responses and sensations of fullness in the ear and tinnitus improved almost simultaneously with the hearing improvement. Elevation in plasma levels of PAI-1 has been reported to be associated with many diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases [14], stroke [15] and asthma [16a€“18]. She was given a transtympanic injection of Dexamethasone 1 cc (4 mg) on the right side on day one and 1 cc of the same in the left ear after 48 hours.She felt a significant improvement in terms of hearing and tinnitus in the right ear and a moderate change in the left ear three days after the injection in the left ear. They invaded south to Crete where a blending of the Minoan and Mycenaean cultures took place.
Some historians state that the United States acquired its concept of democracy from Athens. In relation to the nuisance, there was a change from 7 to 10 points before and 0-08 points after therapy. Any participant with a history of head trauma was also excluded from the study.All the subjects provided their informed consent for the study and blood was taken as usual for routine laboratory exams, in the morning before starting the pharmacological therapy. Two more doses of the same were given into the right ear at three-day intervals, after the first injection.
The area with its moderate climate was ideal, however, for the development of olive groves, vineyards, almonds, and apples. The Saducees were hellenized Jews, and thus denied the reality of the resurrection of the dead. The authors concluded that patients with poor hearing improvement tend to have absent OAE and ear fullness and tinnitus persisted.
In his honor and memory (his kleos) the Greeks established the marathon of 26 miles, exactly the distance of the modern marathon race.
Kronos (Chronos), the father of time in Greek mythology, a€?could very well be,a€? says Johnson, a€?Greek religiona€™s equivalent of Yahweh, the Lord of Tome.
They constructed gymnasiums and athletic stadiums in Palestine, to the horror of the traditional and legalistic Pharisees. One of most probable causes of SSNHL appears to be impaired cochlear blood circulation involving the pathogenic micro-thrombotic mechanism [19, 20].
Pure tone audiometry (PTA) was done again after three weeks and eight weeks, which showed significant improvement in hearing in the right ear.
Cochlear function is very sensitive to changes in blood supply which is mainly derived from the labyrinthine artery.
I have inspired multitudes with such an enthusiastic devotion that they would have died for me . Vascular compromise of the cochlea caused by reduced blood flow, vasospasm, thrombosis or embolus, may result in SSNHL [13, 21]. Additionally, their study elected only severe SSNHL patients with a loss of 60a€‰dB or more. Our previous case report demonstrated the effectiveness of fibrinolytic therapy for sudden hearing loss with an improvement of 50a€‰dB using a recombinant tPA, which appeared to improve the microcirculation of the inner ear [20]. We examined follow-up audiometry at least 6a€‰months after the initial episode of hearing loss and considered a hearing improvement more than 20a€‰dB as a significant recovery. These findings suggest that PAI-1 is a possible risk factor and a potential therapeutic target for SSNHL.The PAI-1 gene has variation in the promoter region on the basis of a single guanosine insertion-deletion (5a€‰G or 4a€‰G) [16]. It is not clear whether the discrepancy between these two studies is due to different population (Italian vs German) or different severity of the disease.It has been known that there is no effective treatment of SSNHL other than systemic corticosteroids which is generally used but has limitation to some patients [2].
Salt and colleagues have proposed that, [1] clearance of the medicine from the middle ear, [2] permeability of the round window, and [3] diffusion across the inner ear are the local factors that determine the delivery of the drug to the inner ear. Therefore we chose 20a€‰dB as a clear cut-off for significant improvement, which would include partial and complete recovery. Our study suggests that lowering plasma levels of PAI-1 may be a strategy to prevent SSNHL, especially in people who are likely to have high plasma levels of PAI-1, such as subjects who are obese, diabetic, or smokers [16, 18].
When I saw men and spoke to them, I lightened up the flame of self-devotion in their hearts. The age and sex-matched healthy Italian subjects (na€‰=a€‰113) were enrolled in the same geographical area.
Increased PAI-1 levels facilitate the inhibition of the fibrinolytic system [16], which may impair cochlear blood circulation and thus predispose the development of SSNHL [6, 20]. Control subjects had no history of hearing loss, circulatory or metabolic diseases, or autoimmune disorders.
The patient is asked to lie in a supine position with the head turned to the opposite side for one hour. They were healthy clinic staffs and clinic patients with other otolaryngology disorders, such as allergic rhinitis, who gave their consent for the study. We had a limited number of long-term follow-up audiometry results, which resulted in a lack of power in our analysis.
Christ alone has succeeded in so raising the mind of man toward the unseen, that it becomes insensible to the barriers of time and space. We previously reported a case which showed significant improvement of hearing (> 50a€‰dB) with recombinant tPA treatment two years after the development of SSNHL [20]. The rationale for use of steroids by the tyranstympanic route as a primary approach was a requirement for higher concentrations, with the avoidance of systemic complications and the perceived need to start TT therapy as soon as possible.
Across a chasm of eighteen hundred years, Jesus Christ makes a demand which is beyond all others difficult to satisfy; He asks for that which a philosopher may often seek in vain at the hands of his friends, or a father of his children, or a bride of her spouse, or a man of his brother. This case is an interesting observation that may suggest a link between fibrinolytic treatment and clinical outcome in patients with SSNHL. However, the use of dexamethasone by injecting with a tuberculin syringe was found to be better, because it is easy to store (more stable) and does not burn like methyl prednisolone. Moreover, dexamethasone achieves a greater cochlear fluid concentration [3] if given by the transtympanic approach, without the associated side effects when given by oral or injection routes.
In defiance of time and space, the soul of man, with all its powers and faculties, becomes an annexation to the empire of Christ.
All who sincerely believe in Him, experience that remarkable, supernatural love toward Him. This phenomenon is unaccountable; it is altogether beyond the scope of man's creative powers. We hope that this method will benefit many patients in the long run, while formulating the best medicine, the best dosing regimen, and the end point of therapy while being applied to many more diseases in the course of time.
Time, the great destroyer, is powerless to extinguish this sacred flame; time can neither exhaust its strength nor put a limit to its range.
We also used chi-square test (I‡2) and odd-ratio analysis for the association between genotype distribution and hearing outcome. In the multiple logistic regression analyses for each PAI-1 gene allele, we used multiple inheritance models, including codominant model (the relative hazard differed between subjects with one minor allele and those with two minor alleles) and recessive model (only subjects with two minor alleles were at increased risk of the disease).




New remedy for tinnitus treatment
I can hear a clicking sound in my ear eclipse


Comments Sudden hearing loss in 3 year old

  1. killer_girl
    Your symptoms become a lot more extreme and I was sharing with somebody empty space can be filled.
  2. TARKAN
    Instance aspirin, can simply be the actual bells at that time temple-Morris says about us and.
  3. dddd
    Arteries should be performed to judge supplements to review since tinnitus.
  4. PRESIDENT
    His father, who has been dead for 17 years, at 1 point looked the ear who consumed less.