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This disease is a result of infection by a type of small fungus referred to as Dermatophyte. Recent fossil studies indicate that early humans may have contracted this ringworm infection due to sharing carrion (dead, rotten animal body) with dogs and wolves. Rashes usually arise as tiny, elevated red pimples and spots over the skin on face, arms, legs or other exposed region of the body.
They sweat severely and the sweat produces a wet, humid environment in the body conducive to the survival and growth of the pathogenic fungi. They suffer from a weakened immunity due to conditions like HIV Infection or intake of Immunosuppressants. Doctors usually examine the skin and take scrapings of the epidermis for microscopic examination. Most cases of this disease are cured by topical application of antifungal creams over the infected areas of the skin. Oral antifungal medications may be used if there are multiple ringworm lesions and the lesions are extensive. Dermatophytosis is an infection of the skin that is caused by a type of fungi known as the Dermatophyte.
This infection can also be contracted by a person if he or she lives or works in damp environment for a long time. Some oral medications used to cure this disease involve Ketoconazol, Itraconazole (Sporanox) and Terbinafine (Lamisil). The human integumentary system is composed of a profound array of microbes, fungi included. About 29 million people in the United States are affected by fungal skin infections, and for this very same reason, 3,734 hospital consults were done per year in the United Kingdom. Fungi thriving on the skin may be harmless, however, once it multiplies in excess and traverse our natural defenses, fungal skin infections may transpire. Fungi live in the dead, most superficial layer of the skin, the stratum corneum, in the moist regions of the body. Picture 1 : This image exhibits the presence of fungi, along with other microbes, in the superficial layer of the skin. In general, they can be pruritic, scaly, erythematous, and with a wide area of extent, but lacking distinct borders. These rashes are usually red and swollen in appearance, and are associated with dryness, itching, burning, cracking and flaking of the skin. Extremely dry skin, with cracked skin peeling from the surface and with pruritic blisters alongside. Ringworm infection of the body, or tinea corporis, is presented as a ring-like, circular, erythematous skin lesion. Picture 5 : A patient with intertrigo, having erythematous papular skin lesions in the axilla.
These rashes are often characterized as non elevated rashes, with hyperpigmentation, and with a scale- like appearance.
The management of fungal rashes is mainly based on the type of fungal infection it has been diagnosed with.
Oral medications are usually utilized if the infection is of large extent, or if the topical medications did not surmise.
Repeated and recurrent fungal skin infections are common, thus fungal rashes can persistently return, especially without effective medical intervention.
Tinea Corporis or ringworm of the body is a fungal infection affecting several body parts other than hands, legs, feet and genital areas.
Ringworm is not caused by a worm; it is caused by a fungus (which is a plant that cannot be seen by the naked eye). Scrapings of the scaly rash observed under a microscope in 20%KOH reveals the presence of fungal spores.

Itchiness, blistering and inflammation may be observed depending upon the patient’s immunity as well as the extent of follicular invasion. Anti fungal skin creams and shampoos are commonly prescribed for the treatment of Tinea Corporis. Oral anti fungal medications may also be prescribed particularly if the rash does not respond to skin creams or is too extensive or is present in a region where the body hair prevents the cream from penetrating the skin. Ringworm of the body is a contagious condition which can spread to other people if direct contact occurs. Children having the tendency to get ringworm of the body infections must be educated about cleanliness and hygiene.
If, despite these preventive measures, the Tinea Corporis returns or is accompanied by a fever, then do not hesitate to return to your healthcare provider.
All the information I provide here is free and if you want to support my work so I can continue updating this site, please share it. It is also known as a type of ringworm of the body that arises on almost any part of the body as a consequence of this infection. Ringworm commonly affects pets like cats and dogs and a fungus can be adopted while grooming or domesticating the animal.
In the later stages, they gradually become ring-like in appearance with a red, elevated border and a clearer middle.
These are very easily recognizable by the enlarged, red elevated rings that have a middle section of healing. The external skin scraps are analyzed under the microscope which helps in quick detection of fungal presence. However, systemic treatment with the aid of oral medicines may be needed to cure extensive or difficult cases of infection. Doctors usually prescribe topical application of antifungal creams over the lesion for two times every day for a minimum of 3 weeks. They can also be used if the immune system of the patient is compromised or if complications like Secondary Infection are present. Tinea Corporis is often referred to as a superficial Dermatophyte infection of the general skin surface in several parts of the skin including the scalp. In this case, the infectious agent may be transmitted through various means such as air, saliva, feces, blood, sexual contact and cough.
Check out these Tinea Corporis images to find out how the skin surface looks like when affected by this disorder. With proper treatment, it resolves within a short time and can leave no marks on the skin surface.
In a recent study done by the National Human Genome Research Institute, DNA sequences revealed a diverse range of fungi, generating around 5 million markers and sequencing about 80 types of fungi in the human skin. Most of these fungal skin infections are brought about by Candida species and dermatophytes. Most of these infections present in the human body as rashes, a topic that shall be discussed in this article. Some fungi may cause no symptoms, while others produce some irritation, as characterized by skin rashes. Manifestations of these rashes depend not only on the regions of the involved, but with the fungi types as well.
These usually begin as a small papule, but eventually progresses into a larger round patch, with scale-like lesions around its borders. They are commonly associated with clear oozing fluid, are pruritic or burning, and usually occur in papules and patches. They are usually noted at the truncal region, and the back, areas most bathed in oil and sebum. Included in such histories are diet, prior use of antibiotics, ongoing intake of medications, and personal history of cancer, Acquire Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Diabetes Mellitus, and other conditions with immunocompromised states.

This is done when oral treatment is considered as management, in extensive skin infections, in conditions refractory to medications, and when the diagnosis is uncertain.
Most are treatable with antifungal topical medications, which may be gotten over the counter, like 1% terbinafine and 1% clotrimazole, or prescribed, such as 2% ketoconazole and 1% econazole.
In most patients, the infection is transmitted through direct contact with an infected animal or human. In some cases, the infection might come back so do not hesitate to see your doctor if it does. This organism may also be taken over from other animals such as ferrets, pigs, cows and horses or by contact with inanimate objects like bed linen, personal care products, hair brushes or combs. Similar appearances of this worm may also be seen on the beard area (Tinea Barbae), the groin (Tinea Cruris, known as dhobi itch or jock itch) or over the scalp (Tinea Capitis). If fungal presence is suspected even after examination and the skin scrapings are negative, they may be sent for culture. The infection may also be spread from contact with infected animals as well as contaminated surfaces and animals.
Tight vests and undergarments that prevent escape of sweat can also lead to moist environment due to sweat accumulation. If you suspect yourself to be having this disease, start immediate treatment to make a fast recovery. Below are some of the common fungal rashes, in conjunction with their fungal skin illnesses. Commonly termed as jock itch, the infection is, more often than not, caused by Tinea cruris.
Predominantly located among skin folds, in the groin, anus and beneath a woman’s breasts, these rashes are typical manifestations of diaper dermatitis, vaginal yeast infection, and intertrigo. Aside from which, an ample physical examination may indicate a concrete description of the skin rashes and lesions, allowing for a more straightforward diagnosis of the type of fungal infection. In doing so, skin scrapings are derived from the edge of the lesion, with the use of a scalpel. The presence and hue of the fluorescence shall then determine if fungal etiology is of concern. Diagnosis of ringworm infection is often difficult since many other skin conditions cause inflammatory lesions similar to it. It may be characterized by tiny red pimples which spread out and form a red oval or circular lesion. Also, continue taking the medicines and applying the skin cream even if the rash appears to improve.
The results of skin culture take a few days to show positive results due to slow growth of the fungus. However, therapy should be carried on for one more week to make sure that there is complete removal of the fungus.
It is brought about by tinea pedis, and is commonly coined as ringworm infection of the foot, or athlete’s foot.
Around 5mm2 of skin scales or flakes are required for an accurate and high yielding culture and microscopic examination.
Avoid contact with infected pets as much as possible. Clean and dry clothing and household items, such as combs and bathroom surfaces, before you reuse them or another person uses them to prevent the spread of infection.

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