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Although there are numerous types of scaffolds in use in cities, there are two types of scaffolds that are more common or visible on the streets.
A pipe scaffold is a stationary scaffold that is constructed with pipes and erected from the ground up along the side of a building. A hanging or suspension scaffold is supported from the roof or setback of a building and held by either cables or rope.
Adjustable suspension scaffold means a suspension scaffold equipped with a hoist(s) that can be operated by an employee(s) on the scaffold.
Bearer (put log) means a horizontal transverse scaffold member (which may be supported by ledgers or runners) upon which the scaffold platform rests and which joins scaffold uprights, posts, poles, and similar members.
Boatswains' chair means a single-point adjustable suspension scaffold consisting of a seat or sling designed to support one employee in a sitting position. Body belt (safety belt) means a strap with means both for securing it about the waist and for attaching it to a lanyard, lifeline, or deceleration device. Body harness means a design of straps which may be secured about the employee in a manner to distribute the fall arrest forces over at least the thighs, pelvis, waist, chest and shoulders, with means for attaching it to other components of a personal fall arrest system. Brace means a rigid connection that holds one scaffold member in a fixed position with respect to another member, or to a building or structure. Bricklayers' square scaffold means a supported scaffold composed of framed squares which support a platform.
Carpenters' bracket scaffold means a supported scaffold consisting of a platform supported by brackets attached to building or structural walls. Centenary scaffold means a suspension scaffold consisting of a platform supported by two essentially horizontal and parallel ropes attached to structural members of a building or other structure. Chimney hoist means a multi-point adjustable suspension scaffold used to provide access to work inside chimneys. Cleat means a structural block used at the end of a platform to prevent the platform from slipping off its supports. Competent person means one who is capable of identifying existing and predictable hazards in the surroundings or working conditions which are unsanitary, hazardous, or dangerous to employees, and who has authorization to take prompt corrective measures to eliminate them. Continuous run scaffold (Run scaffold) means a two-point or multi-point adjustable suspension scaffold constructed using a series of interconnected braced scaffold members or supporting structures erected to form a continuous scaffold. Crawling board (chicken ladder) means a supported scaffold consisting of a plank with cleats spaced and secured to provide footing, for use on sloped surfaces such as roofs. Deceleration device means any mechanism, such as a rope grab, rip-stitch lanyard, specially woven lanyard, tearing or deforming lanyard, or automatic self-retracting lifeline lanyard, which dissipates a substantial amount of energy during a fall arrest or limits the energy imposed on an employee during fall arrest.
Double pole (independent pole) scaffold means a supported scaffold consisting of a platform(s) resting on cross beams (bearers) supported by ledgers and a double row of uprights independent of support (except ties, guys, braces) from any structure. Equivalent means alternative designs, materials or methods to protect against a hazard which the employer can demonstrate will provide an equal or greater degree of safety for employees than the methods, materials or designs specified in the standard.
Exposed power lines means electrical power lines which are accessible to employees and which are not shielded from contact.
Fabricated decking and planking means manufactured platforms made of wood (including laminated wood, and solid sawn wood planks), metal or other materials. Fabricated frame scaffold (tubular welded frame scaffold) means a scaffold consisting of a platform(s) supported on fabricated end frames with integral posts, horizontal bearers, and intermediate members.
Float (ship) scaffold means a suspension scaffold consisting of a braced platform resting on two parallel bearers and hung from overhead supports by ropes of fixed length. Form scaffold means a supported scaffold consisting of a platform supported by brackets attached to form-work. Guardrail system means a vertical barrier, consisting of, but not limited to, top-rails, mid-rails, and posts, erected to prevent employees from falling off a scaffold platform or walkway to lower levels.
Hoist means a manual or power-operated mechanical device to raise or lower a suspended scaffold. Horse scaffold means a supported scaffold consisting of a platform supported by construction horses (saw horses).
Interior hung scaffold means a suspension scaffold consisting of a platform suspended from the ceiling or roof structure by fixed length supports. Ladder jack scaffold means a supported scaffold consisting of a platform resting on brackets attached to ladders.
Ladder stand means a mobile, fixed-size, self supporting ladder consisting of a wide flat tread ladder in the form of stairs.
Large area scaffold means a pole scaffold, tube and coupler scaffold, systems scaffold, or fabricated frame scaffold erected over substantially the entire work area.
Lean-to scaffold means a supported scaffold which is kept erect by tilting it toward and resting it against a building or structure. Lower levels means areas below the level where the employee is located and to which an employee can fall. Masons' multi-point adjustable suspension scaffold means a continuous run suspension scaffold designed and used for masonry operations. Maximum intended load means the total load of all persons, equipment, tools, materials, transmitted loads, and other loads reasonably anticipated to be applied to a scaffold or scaffold component at any one time.
Multi-level suspended scaffold means a two points or multi-point adjustable suspension scaffold with a series of platforms at various levels resting on common stirrups. Multi-point adjustable suspension scaffold means a suspension scaffold consisting of a platform(s) which is suspended by more than two ropes from overhead supports and equipped with means to raise and lower the platform to desired work levels.
Outrigger means the structural member of a supported scaffold used to increase the base width of a scaffold in order to provide support for and increased stability of the scaffold. Outrigger beam (Thrust out) means the structural member of a suspension scaffold or outrigger scaffold which provides support for the scaffold by extending the scaffold point of attachment to a point out and away from the structure or building. Outrigger scaffold means a supported scaffold consisting of a platform resting on outrigger beams (thrust outs) projecting beyond the wall or face of the building or structure, the inboard ends of which are secured inside the building or structure. Overhand bricklaying means the process of laying bricks and masonry units such that the surface of the wall to be jointed is on the opposite side of the wall from the mason, requiring the mason to lean over the wall to complete the work.
Pole Scaffold (see definitions for single-pole scaffold and double independent pole scaffold).
Pump jack scaffold means a supported scaffold consisting of a platform supported by vertical poles and movable support brackets.
Rated load means the manufacturer's specified maximum load to be lifted by a hoist or to be applied to a scaffold or scaffold component. Repair bracket scaffold means a supported scaffold consisting of a platform supported by brackets which are secured in place around the circumference or perimeter of a chimney, stack, tank or other supporting structure by one or more wire ropes placed around the supporting structure. Roof bracket scaffold means a rooftop supported scaffold consisting of a platform resting on angular shaped supports. Runner (ledger or ribbon) means the lengthwise horizontal spacing or bracing member which may support the bearers.
Scaffold means any temporary elevated platform (supported or suspended) and its supporting structure (including points of anchorage), used for supporting employees or materials or both.
Self-contained adjustable scaffold means a combination supported and suspension scaffold consisting of an adjustable platform(s) mounted on an independent supporting frame(s) not a part of the object being worked on, and which is equipped with a means to permit the raising and lowering of the platform(s).
Shore scaffold means a supported scaffold which is placed against a building or structure and held in place with props. Single-point adjustable suspension scaffold means a suspension scaffold consisting of a platform suspended by one rope from an overhead support and equipped with means to permit the movement of the platform to desired work levels.
Single-pole scaffold means a supported scaffold consisting of a platform(s) resting on bearers, the outside ends of which are supported on runners secured to a single row of posts or uprights, and the inner ends of which are supported on or in a structure or building wall.
Stall load means the load at which the prime-mover of a power-operated hoist stalls or the power to the prime-mover is automatically disconnected. Step, platform, and trestle ladder scaffold means a platform resting directly on the rungs of step ladders or trestle ladders.
Stilts means a pair of poles or similar supports with raised footrests, used to permit walking above the ground or working surface.
Stone-setters' multi-point adjustable suspension scaffold means a continuous run suspension scaffold designed and used for stone setters operations. Supported scaffold means one or more platforms supported by outrigger beams, brackets, poles, legs, uprights, posts, frames, or similar rigid support. Suspension scaffold means one or more platforms suspended by ropes or other non-rigid means from an overhead structure(s).
System scaffold means a scaffold consisting of posts with fixed connection points that accept runners, bearers, and diagonals that can be interconnected at predetermined levels. Tank builders' scaffold means a supported scaffold consisting of a platform resting on brackets that are either directly attached to a cylindrical tank or attached to devices that are attached to such a tank.
Top plate bracket scaffold means a scaffold supported by brackets that hook over or are attached to the top of a wall.
Tube and coupler scaffold means a supported or suspended scaffold consisting of a platform(s) supported by tubing, erected with coupling devices connecting uprights, braces, bearers, and runners.
Two-point suspension scaffold (swing stage) means a suspension scaffold consisting of a platform supported by hangers (stirrups) suspended by two ropes from overhead supports and equipped with means to permit the raising and lowering of the platform to desired work levels. Unstable objects means items whose strength, configuration, or lack of stability may allow them to become dislocated and shift and therefore may not properly support the loads imposed on them. Walkway means a portion of a scaffold platform used only for access and not as a work level.

Sidewalk ShedSidewalk Shed Scaffolding New York City has been providing professional scaffolding services to New York Since 1986 renting and Installing sidewalk sheds.
As part of the SAFE Scaffold & Shed Initiative, the Buildings Department, in partnership with the Department of Design and Construction and the Department of Citywide Administrative Services, will test a design prototype of a new sidewalk shed engineered to improve pedestrian safety, increase natural light on the sidewalk, and improve the streetscape around construction sites. The dismantling and removal of the scaffolding, hoisting equipment, pedestrian walkways or safety netting. We fully understand that ultimately we will be evaluated by actual works which we promise and perform on our customers' job sites. We can manage your scaffold project from start to finish including delivery, erection, dismantling and many other specialized services.
Our professional labor crews are locally-based in New York for faster response in NYC Emergency (914) 512-7619 only four hour turn around NYC Service. Scaffolding is a temporary platform constructed for reaching heights above arms' reach for the purpose of building construction, maintenance, or repair.
Commercial construction accounts for the largest use of scaffolding, but even residential construction and home improvement projects can sometimes require scaffolding. Extensive scaffolding on a building in Manhattan, New York provides a working surface for users of the scaffold.
A short section of steel scaffold pole.Couplers is the fittings which hold the tubes together.
Other common materials include base plates, ladders, ropes, anchor ties, reveal ties, gin wheels, sheeting, etc.
There are cross braces to increase rigidity, these are placed diagonally from ledger to ledger, next to the standards to which they are fitted. Right-angle couplers join ledgers or transoms to standards, putlog or single couplers join board bearing transoms to ledgers - Non-board bearing transoms should be fixed using a right-angle coupler. When you have to work up high, consider renting scaffolding rather than struggling with ladders. Guard rails attached to the top of the scaffold frames allow you to concentrate on the task at hand without worrying about falling. Frame scaffolds (sometimes referred to as pipe-scaffold) are perfect for exterior work and are available at most full-service rental centers.
Even though the basic setup procedure is the same, scaffold hardware varies slightly from one manufacturer to another. Do not be tempted to save money by using your own ordinary wood planks for the work surface that they are strong enough. Once the scaffolding is assembled and in place, double-check that it is level and resting securely on all four base plates or casters.
Estimate a budget for scaffolding rental, but make sure that you put safety before economy. Rent special scaffold planks, even though you may be tempted to save money, by using your own. Add toe-boards to your rental order, if people will be walking underneath your scaffolding.
Place the inside sills or pads on the ground next to the face of the building; use pads in the case of uneven ground. Nail a one-by-six ribbon board to the uprights at three and one half inches below the plank height. Place walking planks for a platform on top of ledgers; the planks should run over the ledgers at least 12 inches on both sides.
Nail the guardrail into place; the guardrail should be installed around 42 inches height-wise.
While it may be convenient to rent scaffolding for the odd project, if you are a contractor, it may be more economical to buy your own scaffolding. Metal cladding offers a quick to erect and architecturally diverse building alternative to conventional bricks and timber. We currently supply our special windows and sliding doors for most of the shed reseller groups and would be pleased to assist you with your needs. All our products are well packaged for transport, for example our sliding door panels (toughened glass) stand up well to manual handling.
If you are building remotely, or require balustrades for balconies and stairs, consider our KDC balustrade system also. Are you aware of the changes to Australian Standards AS2047 – Windows and External Glazed Doors in Buildings?
Oil & Gas Material Safety Data Sheets is great image for your collection and this design is free to use with high definitions resolution. Copyright © 2014 Tattoo Design Bild, All trademarks are the property of the respective trademark owners. Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) is a protocol for enabling data encryption on the intranet and for helping web site users confirm the owner of the web site. One is often referred to as a pipe scaffold and the other a hanging or suspension scaffold. In New York City, The Construction Division within each borough office of the Department of Buildings (DOB) has jurisdiction over pipe scaffolds (stationary).
A master rigger or special rigger must be contracted for the work, and each worker using or operating the suspension scaffold must be employed by the master rigger, special rigger, or their company. Lifeline means a component consisting of a flexible line that connects to an anchorage at one end to hang vertically (vertical lifeline), or that connects to anchorages at both ends to stretch horizontally (horizontal lifeline), and which serves as a means for connecting other components of a personal fall arrest system to the anchorage. Such areas include, but are not limited to, ground levels, floors, roofs, ramps, runways, excavations, pits, tanks, materials, water, and equipment. Mobile scaffold means a powered or unpowered, portable, caster or wheel-mounted supported scaffold. Open sides and ends means the edges of a platform that are more than 14 inches (36 cm) away horizontally from a sturdy, continuous, vertical surface (such as a building wall) or a sturdy, continuous horizontal surface (such as a floor), or a point of access. It includes mason tending and electrical installation incorporated into the brick wall during the overhand bricklaying process. It consists of an anchorage, connectors, a body belt or body harness and may include a lanyard, deceleration device, lifeline, or combinations of these. Platforms can be constructed using individual wood planks, fabricated planks, fabricated decks, and fabricated platforms. Such systems include rolling roof rigs, rolling outrigger systems, and some masons' adjustable supported scaffolds. These towers are used to provide access to scaffold platforms and other elevated points such as floors and roofs.
This type of scaffold is similar to carpenters' bracket scaffolds and form scaffolds and is used in residential construction for setting trusses. Unstable objects do not constitute a safe base support for scaffolds, platforms, or employees. The Buildings Department is studying the need for additional safety enhancements, including securing sheds to the sidewalk in certain cases for added stability and enhancing the required wind-load calculations for shed installation. We strongly believe that our quality services and products are the most important marketing tools for our business at the beginning, throughout the project, and in the end, even after the project.
Through our commitment to and focus on consistent and safe work methods, we strive to ensure that all of our employees and the users of our scaffold products remain safe and injury-free. It is usually a modular system of metal pipes (termed tubes in Britain), although it can be made out of other materials. Department of Labor Occupational Safety and Health Organization (OSHA) has very specific standards for the construction and use of scaffolding in the workplace, and many large commercial and government construction projects require all workers to have scaffold training and OSHA certification.
Professional painters are equipped to quickly and properly construct scaffolding on the job, as are other professionals such as bricklayers and carpenters. The most common are called scaffold couplers, there are three basic types: right-angle couplers, putlog couplers and swivel couplers. The standards, also called uprights, are the vertical tubes that transfer the entire mass of the structure to the ground where they rest on a square base plate to spread the load.
Often scaffold frameworks will require more than simple base plates to safely carry and spread the load.
Scaffolding provides a large, stable work platform where you can stack materials and set up your tools. We will show you how to set up your rented scaffolding so it is safe and secure and then show you a few of the home-repair jobs where scaffolding really shines. Also check the websites under Scaffold, New York for businesses that specialize in scaffolding rental and sales.
If the base plates or casters rest on dirt, grass, asphalt or other soft material, put them on top of lengths of 2x10 lumber to prevent them from sinking. Fixed scaffolding is either independent, meaning it does not need support from the building, or putlog, which uses the building to secure the working platform.
Many companies that rent scaffolding have websites with estimator tools that allow you to input project plans in order to determine pricing. Though researching scaffolding rentals online is helpful in determining a budget, it is usually best to rent locally to avoid expensive shipping costs. Toe-boards can help prevent tools from falling off the platform, protecting the safety of pedestrians and workers below.

There are many styles of scaffolding available, so you will need to select the set up that best fits your needs.
Climbing up and down a ladder may take more time than doing the actual repair the ladder was gotten out for to begin with. Folding scaffolding provides great rigidity and an easy setup, but is difficult to stack, which makes working at very tall heights, difficult. We have developed a range of products specifically designed for metal clad buildings that do not require any additional flashings. Sign me up for free emails from Fine Homebuilding with the latest news, tips, and techniques.
FRIEZE RUNNER - Top edge of runner channel must be level and aligned with the bottom surface of the fascia board. DOUBLE-CHANNEL - To join panels at corners, cut double channel to fit and match angle when positioned diagonally from frieze channel to corner of fascia board. SOFFIT PANELS - Cut at 45° for corner areas, slide into channel and secure into position using nails in panel grooves as required, to under edge of fascia board.
FINISH TRIM - Use drip edge, gutter or all-purpose trim to cover and finish top edge of fascia trim. SOFFIT PANELS - gable end - Start installation at the base of the gable end working up to the peak as far as full panels will fit.
SOFFIT PANELS - other sides - Starting from one end, slide into channel and secure into position using nails in panel grooves as required, to under edge of fascia board.
FASCIA TRIM - Beginning at corners, cut and bend to form box (see Fig 2), position up snug to underside of soffit panels, predrill (align with soffit grooves) and nail through bottom lip of fascia trim every 36" along bottom edge of fascia board.
FINISH TRIM - Use drip edge or all-purpose trim to cover and finish top edge of fascia trim. Exception: For plastering and lathing operations the horizontal threshold distance is 18 inches (46 cm).
Examples include, but are not limited to, barrels, boxes, loose brick, and concrete blocks.
A sidewalk shed is a temporary bridge-like structure built over a sidewalk usually by Sidewalk shed to protect pedestrians during construction on or near a building’s facade. Our outstanding safety record is evidence of our commitment to the safety of our employees, customers and the public.
Scaffolding is generally made of lumber and steel which can range from simple to complex in design, depending on its use and purpose. Some of OSHA's regulations regarding construction of scaffolding include using specific types of lumber when not using steel, weight limitations based on the design of the scaffolding, and regular checks for weakened or broken sections.
Unfortunately, many homeowners attempt to construct scaffolding for personal use without the proper knowledge, which often results in injury.
To join tubes end-to-end joint pins (also called spigots) or sleeve couplers are used, or both together. The base plate has a shank in its centre to hold the tube and is sometimes pinned to a sole board. To limit sway a facade brace is fitted to the face of the scaffold running right from the base to the top of the scaffold and fixed at every level. The actual joints are staggered to avoid occurring at the same level in neighboring standards. Scaffolding can be used without base plates on concrete or similar hard surfaces, although base plates are always recommended. With scaffolding, you can easily reach all areas of the repair to do a better job in half the time.
Mobile scaffolding is an independent and freestanding structure mounted on wheels, to allow for easy moving.
Even if you choose to rent locally, these estimator tools can help you choose the correct style for the job. A comprehensive search of your local telephone directory will offer a world of rental services.
Level and nail ledger boards connecting the inside and outside uprights; all ledger boards will be resting on top of the ribbon boards.
In some cases, there may be a need for a toe board; this type of board protects people from falling objects that get kicked off of the scaffolding. Standard scaffolding comes with jacks and brackets and requires manual assembly, but it is easier to store and stack. These products offer a “fully finished” look and do not require any unsightly sill flashings.
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Using nailing flange of channel, nail and install along the entire length of the wall surface.
Using nailing flange of channel, nail and install along the entire length of the wall surfaces and up to gable peak on side wall.
Slide panels into channel and secure into position using nails in panel grooves as required, to under edge of fascia board. Due to the construction boom and the mandatory facade-maintenance requirements, there are approximately 4,500 sidewalk sheds installed citywide and Sidewalk Bridge Adheres to these stricken standards. Our professionally trained labor crews have the skills and safety training to perform work at any height, in any location, to help your project succeed. Millions of construction workers, painters, and building maintenance crews work on scaffolding every day, and due to the nature of its use, scaffolding must be properly constructed and used to ensure the safety of those who use it. OSHA places stringent safety regulations on the construction and use of scaffolding not only to reduce serious workplace injury or death, but also to save employers millions in lost time and workers' compensation. To avoid personal injury when attempting to repair, paint, or maintain your home, be sure you know how to properly and safely erect a scaffolding platform that will provide a stable work surface and will bear the weight you place on it. Only right angle couplers and swivel couplers can be used to fix tube in a 'load bearing connection'. And you will save tons of time and energy by not constantly climbing up and down to reposition your ladder. Rails aren’t required on the side of the scaffolding that faces the building as long as the scaffolding is within 14 in. Hanging scaffolding has a suspended platform that can be raised and lowered and is most often used for washing windows. Large rental services can offer expert advice, replacement parts, easy delivery and you can inspect the scaffolding before renting. A simple 2 x 4 foot dry wall scaffold with four wheels has two steel steps that can double as work platforms and a tool shelf to keep a bucket of paint of handful of tools close.
If you do most of your work inside, buy indoor scaffolding, which is less weather resistant, but often comes with locking wheels, which makes for easier portability. There is a range of architraves and reveals available to compliment the windows, as well as a stiffener system to ensure the product is securely installed in metal frames construction. You can download this as nice desktop wallpaper by right click and save as into your computer. When both sides are done to this point, it may be necessary to cut a panel, bend to match peak angle and rebend edges to make interlocking jointings. DO NOT drive nails tight — fascia must be 'hung', only snug to soffit, to allow expansion and help prevent distortion. OSHA can issue fines to any company, large or small, that they find to be in violation of scaffolding regulations. The chief difference between the two types of tubes is the lower weight of aluminum tubes and also a greater flexibility and so less resistance to force. There are sole boards which are placed beneath the scaffolding if the surface is soft or otherwise suspect, although ordinary boards can be used, another design called the pad another solution as it is made from a rubber base with a base plate molded inside, these are great to put on uneven ground because they adapt to any ground where sole boards would split costing more money to replace. Extreme slopes may require the addition of a short scaffold section under one end of the scaffolding. Don't miss to check all from this kind of lovely popular desktop background by viewing the similar high definition wallpapers design below. FASCIA TRIM - Beginning at corner, position up snug to underside of soffit panels, pre-drill (align with soffit grooves) and nail through bottom lip of fascia trim every 36” along bottom edge of fascia board.
Main transoms are placed next to the standards, they hold the standards in place and provide support for boards; intermediate transoms are those placed between the main transoms to provide extra support for boards. Rest the 2x4 boards’ upright around the perimeter of the scaffold planks, screw or nail the corners together and attach them to the base of the guardrail posts with No.
If you have work to do outside that is higher than 6 feet off the ground, consider buying scaffolding rather than struggling with a ladder.
DO NOT drive nails tight — fascia must be ‘hung’, not tight, to allow expansion and help prevent distortion.
Since scaffolding is a physical structure, it is possible to go in and come out of scaffolding.

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