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Keith Brown served with the Royal Marines before pursuing a career in local government administration, where he was also an active trade union representative with UNISON. Norman Baker MP has been Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Transport since May 2010 and is the Liberal Democrat Member of Parliament for Lewes, East Sussex. Prior to entering the House of Commons in 1997, he had a variety of jobs including periods as a Regional Executive Director for Our Price Records, a teacher of English as a second language and clerk at Hornsey Railway Station. Norman held a number of portfolios in the Liberal Democrat Shadow Cabinet, including Shadow Minister for the Cabinet Office, Shadow Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, and Shadow Secretary of State for Transport. As an MP, Norman made his reputation for uncovering scandal and as a dedicated and effective campaigner for the environment and animal rights. Professor Roderick A Smith, now Chief Scientific Advisor to the Department of Transport, has had an academic career at the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge, Sheffield and Imperial College.
He has published widely in areas of fatigue and structural integrity, and has lectured in many countries. Jim Steer is the founder of Steer Davies Gleave, transport consultants, where he is a Board Director.
He established Greengauge 21 in 2006 to foster debate on a high speed rail network for Britain.
He was seconded to the Strategic Rail Authority from 2002-5, heading strategy and planning.
He is Vice President of the Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport, and a columnist for the Transport Times, and was a member of HS2 Ltd’s Strategic Challenge Panel.
Dr PETE WATERMAN OBE, DL is the most successful British producer-songwriter in pop history, an author, DJ, Pop Idol judge and television presenter and a lifelong entrepreneur. Colin is a Director of Arup, where he is jointly responsible for the Partnership’s international design operation for transport projects. He is currently Project Director for the route options study being carried out by Arup for HS2 Ltd., to identify a new high speed line from London to the West Midlands and also the proposed Y-route to the North-East.
Arup High Speed Rail projects include High Speed 1 and High Speed 2 in UK, California High Speed Rail, Texas High Speed Rail, Express Rail Link (China to Hong Kong), Portugal HSL, High Speed Line Holland and Beijing South High Speed Rail Station. Colin has played key roles in the delivery of major infrastructure projects and has first hand experience of private finance projects through his roles as project manager, designer and technical advisor to financial institutions and strategic advisor for the implementation of private finance initiatives. Councillor Paul Watson was elected as Chair of the Association of North East Councils in October 2009. Born in Sunderland, he served an apprenticeship at Sunderland Shipbuilders where he worked until 1981. The Leader of the Council, as Leader of the controlling majority political group, Chairs the Cabinet and acts as the Council’s lead political spokesman. Stephen joined TfGM after a stint at Manchester City Council where he combined the roles of Head of Transport Policy for the city and Deputy Clerk to GM Integrated Transport Authority.
David's policy brief at the London Chamber of Commerce and Industry focuses on 'London's Infrastructure', with a particular focus on major transport projects. Previously David has worked in the House of Commons, and in political consultancy advising a number of international businesses across the technology, manufacturing, energy and skills sectors. David Thrower has had a longstanding interest in high speed rail, going back to 1989 when he served on the former North West Channel Tunnel Group, which successfully sought the inclusion of a study of a high speed rail link into the North West's regional plans. For most of the past decade, following working for two Passenger Transport Authorities, he has on a freelance basis advised the North West Business Leadership Team on high speed rail issues, including assisting with giving evidence to the House of Commons Transport Committee and the All Party Campaign for High Speed Rail.
David Simpson, Network Rail route managing director for Scotland, has been running Scotland’s Railway since 2005. Richard Lakin is a former journalist with experience of working in communications in the rail industry in London, the West Midlands and the North West. He leads communications activity for the Go-HS2 consortium of groups and organisations which supports bringing high-speed rail to the West Midlands. James uses twenty years’ communications experience working across government, media and industry to build businesses for other people. Iain Docherty BSc PhD CMILT is Professor of Public Policy and Governance and Head of Management at the University of Glasgow Adam Smith Business School. Iain has worked with and advised a range of private sector, governmental and other organisations including governments and public agencies in the UK, US, Australia, Canada and Sweden, and the OECD. The trackplan for the Denver and Rio Grande Western narrow gauge project layout is not very complex. A 20 inch minimum radius curve will accommodate all but the longest standard gauge cars.Changing ScalesYou could also keep the same basic plan and change the scale. Once you've selected your scale and identified your available space, you can start planning your layout. Today many historic railroads have been acquired by, or merged into larger railroad concerns. Now that you've picked your railroad and you have your tack, power, and era worked out you can start shopping for your trains.
Regardless of the scale you are working in, individual model railroad track components fall into six categories: straight, curve, flex, crossing, turnouts, and function tracks. A crossing is where a track going in one direction crosses a track going in another direction. A turnout, also known as a switch, is a piece of track that allows a train entering it from one direction to leave on your choice of two or three tracks. He is a graduate of Dundee University and studied at the University of Prince Edward Island.He has been a Member of the Scottish Parliament since 2007 and is currently the constituency MSP for Clackmannanshire and Dunblane.
He was educated at the Royal Liberty School, Gidea Park, before taking a degree in German at Royal Holloway College, University of London.


Perhaps best known as one-third of the phenomenally successful Stock Aitken Waterman team and for his world-famous PWL label and production company, Pete has sold in excess of 500 million records around the world over five decades, launching artists such as Kylie Minogue, John Travolta, Rick Astley and Steps. David has spoken at a number of events on the vital importance of projects like High Speed 2 to the economy on behalf of the business community.
Prior to entering politics, David studied History and Politics at the University of Leicester before completing a Masters at Brunel University. Having originally joined the rail industry as a BR graduate trainee in 1986, David has worked in a wide variety of roles for BR, Railtrack, Network Rail and within freight operating companies. Go-HS2 members include Birmingham City Council, West Midlands transport authority Centro, Birmingham Airport, NEC Group and Birmingham Chamber of Commerce.
James has worked to develop and promote SCDI’s Blueprint for Scotland, focusing on growing Scotland's economy by creating an enterprising nation, maximising our assets and realising the potential of our people. During this time, James sat as an observer on the Scottish Funding Council and Chaired the Funding Council’s review into the quality of further and higher education in Scotland. As a former senior BBC correspondent he understands the importance of balance and neutrality. Iain’s research and teaching addresses the interconnecting issues of public administration, institutional change and city and regional competitiveness, with particular emphasis on the structures and processes of local and regional governance, policies for delivering improved economic performance and environmental sustainability, and the development and implementation of strategic planning and transport policies. I also enjoyed the speakers presentations, especially John (Curtis), Gilly (MacMorran) and (Jackie Cameron).
Going to N scale (standard or narrow gauge) would give you very broad curves and lots of room for big Colorado scenery. If you're not planning on building a permanent layout, then a 5 x 9 foot ping-pong table is great for temporary layouts, provided its not too flimsy. You can find books on building your benchwork at most local hobby stores that carry model railroad products. The photo shows a DC powerpack that comes bundled with Kato track and train sets.In recent years more and more serious model railroaders are turning to computer controlled trains, so many transformers and power packs are gathering dust.
If you are serious about model railroading, I'd recommend that you start out with Digital Command Control. The length of a curve is a function of the scale and two geometric measurements: radius and degrees of the arc. Flex track is used when constructing permanent layouts, and is glued to the roadbed.Flex track allows you to create curves of any radius and angle desired. The straight-through section of the 15 degree crossings is slightly longer than the crossover tracks.
For more on turnouts, including an explanation of turnout numbers, please see my article on turnouts. They include any track that has a function other than just running or turning the trains.Feeders and rerailers are the most common kinds of function tracks.
Before being appointed Deputy First Minister and Cabinet Secretary for Health and Wellbeing after the May 2007 election she had been Shadow Minister for Education, Health & Community Care and Justice. Amongst countless international industry awards, in 1990 Pete was recognised as the Music Industry’s Man of the Year. David, who was educated at Aston University in Birmingham, was also heavily involved in the introduction of Pendolino trains on the WCML and has led the devolution of Network Rail’s business in Scotland. James played a central role in the development of Scotland’s cities strategy that created the Scottish Cities Alliance and now chairs its Delivery Group.
Following this, he worked for Scotland’s Colleges, representing the college sector as Senior to politicians and the media. John Morrison is the owner of Morrison Media Strategies a leading PR, Public Affairs and Media Training company. His total research and consultancy awards in the last six years exceed £2 million, and he is currently Co-Director of the Scottish Cities Knowledge Centre and Co-Investigator on two major Research Council projects on sustainable transport and low carbon transitions.
Or you could keep the tighter radius and reduce the overall dimensions of the layout.To go to larger, radius may become an issue unless you have room to enlarge the platform.
HO and N scale outsell other scales because the average modeler can make space for an HO or N scale layout in their den, basement, or garage. Digital Command Control (DCC), a new industry standard for powering and controlling model railroad trains using computer technology, is widely available in HO and N scale. If you've selected O as your scale, check out the other digital control options available to you. I've seen one fellow posting on model railroad forums refer to his layout as a “kinetic sculpture”, and this is a completely accurate description of what we do. If not, you'll be buying separate locomotives, railroad car sets, and individual railroad cars. If you want to buy quality equipment you'll need $350 to $500 to get started in HO or N scale, and more for O scale or Z scale. You can see how an interest in model railroading might give kids a head start in geometry class.The image shows 45 degree curves of various radii. When using flex track you need to be careful not to create curves that your trains can't navigate. Crossings may come in 90 degree, 45 degree, 30 degree, 22 degree and 15 degree angles depending on the brand of track you select. In September 2012, still as DFM, she was appointed Cabinet Secretary for Infrastructure, Investment and Cities with responsibility for government strategy and the constitution.
One interesting option would be to use HO standard gauge track and build the railroad as an On30 display.
Some apartment dwellers do remarkable things on small tables or shelves with Z scale.Some people build modular layouts.


When buying locomotives and cars from different manufacturers, make sure that the couplers are compatible. This figure should cover the cost of one DCC equipped locomotive, a set of four to six rail cars, a basic oval of quality track plus some minimal expansion, and a good DCC controller starter set. 90 degree crossings are the most common.The photo shows a 90 degree crossing in between left right 15 degree crossing tracks.
This is how your model trains get their power.Another special piece of track is a rerailer. He was recently awarded the Degree of Doctor of Science honoris causa by the University of Lincoln. Since buying the first national rail franchise in 1993, Pete has continued to contribute massively to the preservation and development of this historic and essential industry. As a development professional, James continuously advises organisations on their growth plans, including Ministry of Sound, Capital Radio, Portland Communications (where he was managing partner) and PoliticsHome. The trackplan will work but you will have less room for the buildings in town.Stretching or Shrinking the PlanObviously, any plan can be made larger without much difficulty. There are clubs devoted to modular layouts, where each member builds their own modules, but all the modules can be connected to make large layouts at shows and events.
Digital control is available in O scale, however the biggest selling O scale manufacturers tend to have their own proprietary digital control systems instead of using DCC. Every railroad also has a “herald”; an icon or trademark that is painted on its locomotives and sometimes on its cars too. The straight-through section of the 15 degree crossings is slightly longer than the crossover tracks; this is how you determine which is the left crossing and which is the right. The rerailer, sometimes made to look like a road crossing, forces any stray wheels back onto the rails as the train passes over it.
In 1997, he established London & North Western Railway, a state-of-the-art independent railway maintenance company. 4Grade: O%Modifying the PlanSo you like the plan, you're just not sold on the Rio Grande or narrow gauge? But these same modelers will admit they've never heard of anyone who tried DCC and went back to non-digital control. Whether you're collecting trains, building and painting kits, or landscaping your layout, like most other hobbies model railroading will have ongoing expenses.
For more on curves see my article entitled Model Train Track Curves.Most scales measure curves by radius. Sometimes the feeder and rerailer are a single piece of track.Another common type of function track (not pictured) is a decoupler which is used to decouple cars. Blackstone Models lists 18 inches as the minimum radius for the locomotives used on this layout.
Dealers can change couplers on locomotives and cars for you, but it does increase the cost of the item a little. One advantage of a simple plan like this is that it is very easy to change.Standard GaugeYou could make this a standard gauge HO layout without changing anything other than the clearances for the tunnels, rock cuts, etc.
Is it 1888, 1952, or 2002?.You need to decide these things before investing in any trains, landscaping materials, or structure kits. Also, while most manufacturers measure curves on the center line, some use the outside rail or the outside of the roadbed. Pete is a director and currently chairs the board of Cadogan Entertainment Investments Ltd, the landlords of County Hall, Britain’s second biggest building and a key London tourist attraction. Trim some of the scenery on the edge of the layout and you could get the railroad down to a width of about 40 inches without compromising operations. This scene is inspired by a similar trestle on the San Juan Central, a Model Railroader Magazine project railroad from the 1980s. The town, as yet unnamed, features several structures including a few small store fronts, homes, and of course a station and water tower.
This snow shed helps prevent this remote stretch of railroad from the frequent heavy snowdrifts that occur here through the long Colorado winters. And its a good thing too, because this side of the layout will showcase winter scenery high in the mountains.Some modelers might not feel comfortable with mixing fall and winter scenes on such a small layout. The high mountain divider down the center of the platform will prevent the scenes from mixing. Also, it is not uncommon for both seasons to be seen on the same trip in this part of the world where the weather can change as fast as the elevation.
For photography, this gives us two railroads in the space of one.When the train finally emerges from the protection of the snowshed, it continues to cling tightly to the side of a steep mountain slope through cuts. Again, the scenery will extend more than a foot above and below the tracks here, giving the look of a steep mountain railroad without any actual grades.As our train returns to the curve at the left side of the platform, it passes through another steep cut and back into the fall as it crosses the signature steel trestle. At realistic operating speeds a short train should take no more than a few minutes to navigate the entire railway. But with dramatic scenery and small details in abundance, the journey will seem much longer.Getting StartedThose are the plans, all that's left now is to build it! The layout of buildings in town for example will be largely determined once all of the kits have been built.Take some time and study the track plan.



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