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admin 21.04.2014

More than a thousand people jammed the CBC Plaza for a rally and march in support of global action on climate change in advance of a UN summit Tuesday.
More than 1,000 Vancouverites filled the CBC Plaza on Sunday, joining hundreds of thousands more around the world as 125 world leaders prepare to converge on New York City Tuesday in an historic UN summit on climate change.
Tens of thousands filled the streets of New York City in what organizers say may be one of the largest climate change rallies ever held in the U.S. Rallies are underway or have happened in New York City, London, Berlin, Paris, Rio, Toronto and Seattle. The Vancouver event, which was billed as the People's Climate March, saw crowds gathering in the plaza prior to marching through downtown Vancouver.
Rally participants expressed concern over the Northern Gateway Pipeline and the city's nexus as a port facilitating the movement of coal and oil.
Eoin Madden, the climate campaigner for the Western Canada Wilderness Committee, said Canadians have been far too easy on their politicians when it comes to that issue. Madden says people in the Vancouver area should be concerned about efforts to start expand coal, gas and oil industries along the coast.
In 2007, mayor Bloomberg released PlaNYC 2030, a comprehensive sustainability plan for New York’s future. An interesting aspect of PlaNYC 2030 is the participation of stakeholders in the development of the plan. Practical ideas to adapt and protect New York from storm surges and flooding include an increase in sand nourishment, construction of large-scale storm surge barriers, flood-proofing basements but also insurance, better forecasting and development of special evacuation plans. Moreover, NYC has a Sustainable Storm water Management Plan to achieve a more liveable and sustainable NYC with cleaner water. MillionTreesNYC, already halfway planting a million trees.New York is busy preparing flood zoning maps and building codes for flood prone areas. To protect the city against future sea level rise, the governors island is being designed in such a way that half the island can flood, in a salt water resistant way.
NYC has to cope with GHG emissions, this takes care of pollution in the city and makes the city warmer. New York City and New Bern, North Carolina both face the same projected rise in sea levels, but while one is preparing for the worst, the other is doing nothing on principle.
When Veronica White and Tom Thompson stand on the coastline of their respective cities, 680 kilometers (423 miles) apart, they gaze out at the same ocean, but see different things.
According to the North Carolina Coastal Resources Commission (CRC), that state, like New York, will also see warmer temperatures by the end of the century, as well as a sea-level rise of more than one meter. In the United States, two very different worlds have come into existence along the same coastline. He had just retired -- proud of the world he had created -- when the CRC delivered its prognosis that sea levels would rise by about a meter within the next 100 years, swallowing buildings, roads and public squares. Shortly after the news appeared in the papers, Thompson worked from an office in the storage room of his wife's business, a home furnishings store on Main Street in New Bern.
According to Thompson, some 5,200 square kilometers (about 2,000 square miles) of the state would be in jeopardy. Thompson told his story until, eventually, Pat McElraft, a Republican member of the state's General Assembly, wrote a paragraph into a bill known as HB 819, which included various anti-climate change provisions.
In April 2013, the North Carolina Department of Public Safety presented an official report on what a one-meter rise in sea level would mean to the state. Thompson is a God-fearing conservative fighting against the scientific finding that climate change exists. As commissioner of the Parks & Recreation Department, part of White's job is to protect New York from climate change and rising sea levels. The view from the shore of the Atlantic, with its calm, blue waters and a few well-fed seagulls, seems perfectly idyllic. In October 2012, when Hurricane Sandy, dubbed a "Frankenstorm," struck the East Coast of the United States, Rockaway Beach was washed away, swallowed up by a raging storm surge. What's left of the beach is now several meters below the coastal road, surrounded by sand bags. She walks quickly along a makeshift wooden platform and looks down at the construction site on the beach, where workers are pounding planks into the sand. Even before the storm hit, the majority of New Yorkers supported Mayor Michael Bloomberg's plans to transform their city of superlatives into the world's greenest metropolis. And as the sea level rises, the consequences of every storm surge will spread to larger areas and affect more and more people.
And so North Carolina continues to plod along, blithely ignoring the warnings of the scientific community. Click on the links below for more information about DER SPIEGEL's history, how to subscribe or purchase the latest issue of the German-language edition in print or digital form or how to obtain rights to reprint SPIEGEL articles. Sign up for our newsletter -- and get the very best of SPIEGEL in English sent to your email inbox twice weekly. I agree to receive information about products from SPIEGEL-Verlag and manager magazin Verlagsgesellschaft (e.g. And a new report from the Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences finds that by as early as the end of this decade, the city will be a far warmer, stormier, less-pleasant place to live than it is now.
Use the time-of-day scales, on the left and right, and the month scale on the top and bottom, to tell approximately when sunrise and sunset occur. The charts are made assuming that the location is in the middle of an evenly spaced time zone.

New York City is likely to experience more flooding in the future, according to a forthcoming study of storm tide data. The new study of flood risk in the city predicted that water would come over the seawall every four or five years, in contract to the 100-400 year time-frame estimated in the mid-19th century.
Researchers at Portland State University and Stevens Institute of Technology looked at storm tides affecting the city. New York City could see more scenarios similar to the aftermath of Hurricane Sandy, where the storm tide peaked at 14.06 feet, enough to flood Battery Park. While much of the city is protected by a seawall, that protection is going to prove increasingly inadequate. Talke and his fellow researchers studied tide gauge information taken from notes dating back to 1844. Climate scientist Radley Hurton of the Northeast Climate Science Center and NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies said that the study highlights the fact that rising sea levels have increased the frequency and intensity of coastal flooding and suggest that storms may have gotten stronger. Talke said that local factors like deepening of the shipping lanes around New York harbor could also be affecting storm tides. Hurricane Sandy was a record-breaking storm by many measures, from its tremendous storm surge to its low pressure and strong winds a€” and potentially in its overall costs. And while linking any particular storm to climate change is tricky, scientists do say changes in climate will shift the odds toward more extreme weather events.
For instance, warmer sea-surface temperatures, which fuel storms like Sandy, along with higher sea levels likely only magnified Hurricane Sandy, according to climate scientist Michael Mann, of Pennsylvania State University.
And as Bloomberg pointed out this morning, there was less than a 1 percent chance of Sandy's coastal storm surge that reached 13-14 feet (4 meters), which included storm surge and a high tide, in New York City's Battery Park. Today, Bloomberg announced he has set in place a team to craft concrete recovery plans for those hit hardest by Sandy and plans for dealing with the risks we face from climate change.
As for how he plans to do that, Bloomberg first noted some projects that are already in the works, including restoring 127 acres (51 hectares) of wetlands, which act as natural barriers to storm surge. By 2030, Bloomberg said the goal is to reduce the city's carbon footprint, or ultimately the amount of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide is released into the atmosphere, by 30 percent.
He also mentioned a "green infrastructure" project that would capture rainwater before it floods coastal areas, an expansion of Staten Island's stormwater management system called Bluebelt, as well as some zoning changes for coastal building.
A new recycling center being built in Brooklyn's coastal Red Hook neighbourhood is an example of what these zoning changes can do: The center is elevated above the flood plain and escaped any significant damage from the storm surge.
Mayor Bloomberg also said that the city was looking at climate change and storm impacts to the city's critical infrastructure, such as its subway system (the largest in the nation), its tunnels and utilities, such as electricity and cellphone towers. Organizers provided music and DJs,  which helped contribute to the event's largely festive mood. Harper: 'Canadians understand climate change and we know that you have us on the wrong path'," she said. After PlaNYC 2030 was announced, over 100 organizations were invited and meetings were held throughout the five boroughs. This panel consists of climate change and climate impact scientists, as well as legal, insurance and risk management experts. On Staten Island the risks of flooding from storm water are reduced by providing and constructing storm water detention ponds and wetlands. To work on this the NYC green infrastructure plan has been released as a part of the PlaNYC 2030.
According to calculations by a group of climatologists working for New York City, the sea level in that city could rise by more than three-quarters of a meter (2.5 feet) by 2050, and by one-and-a-half meters 30 years later. But now the state government in North Carolina has muzzled the CRC with a new law that requires coastal communities to ignore its prognoses. It was the same number officials in other coastal states had come up with as a result of scientific research. Sitting in a small space between two cuckoo clocks, Thompson began reaching out to the lobby he had once assembled to protect the local economy against regulation. He also spoke to the urban developers and chief executives of the companies he had brought to North Carolina.
She and her staff of roughly 6,000 employees are responsible for the city's beaches and coastal areas, monuments like the Statue of Liberty, Central Park, the High Line and about 1,700 other city parks, 500 community gardens and 2,500 street medians known as Greenstreets.
But when you turn around, the devastation becomes all too apparent: a beach that could no longer truly be called a beach.
They're building a barrier designed to protect Rockaway Beach from being washed away by the next storm. But she also points to the models developed by the New York City Panel on Climate Change (NPCC), which indicate that by the end of the century, storms like Sandy will likely occur once every two years. About 400,000 New Yorkers live in flood-prone areas today, a figure the NPCC estimates will double by 2050.
The Outer Banks, a group of barrier islands and one of the state's most popular tourism destinations, were cut off from the mainland for a period of time.
It's a world in which a government that provides for its citizens is not seen as a moral necessity, but as an immoral temptation that makes hardworking people lazy.
Although North Carolina had a Democratic governor until the beginning of the year, and a majority voted for President Barack Obama in 2008, it remains a state that defends its lax gun laws, closes abortion clinics and where many people flatly refuse to believe in the existence of climate change. Climate change is at least partly to blame for the problem, as it makes New York more flood prone, with serious floods likely to happen every four or five years now. A storm tide is the amount that water levels rise during a storm, including both the storm surge and the effect of tides.

Could hit the city with a two-meter storm surge, where 10 year storms in the middle of the 19th century only reached about 1.7 meters.
The North Atlantic Oscillator, an ocean current that influences winter weather in Europe, Greenland, northeastern North America and North Africa has also contributed through variations in the strength of the current.
The channel between Sandy Hook, NJ and Raritan Bay was 24 feet deep in the 1800s, but was dredged out to accommodate huge new cruise ships and container ships. The forthcoming study merely quantifies the risk to one of the North America’s largest city. They often use the analogy of loading the die, such that one roll may or may not be the result of a modified die but after many rolls the biased results become clear. It was the highest in at least two centuries, and something that can be attributed to climate change, Mann said in November.
Additionally, during a four-month public outreach process, PlaNYC 2030 received over 3,000 email messages with ideas and visions from New Yorkers.
It serves as the technical advisory body for the Mayor and the New York City Climate Change Adaptation Task Force on issues related to climate change, impacts and adaptation.
The estimated costs were 37 million dollars; approximately 39 million dollars lower than a conventional underground network of storm sewers. This green strategy involves the implementation of green roofs, cool roofs and swales; build cost-effective grey infrastructure but also the optimization of the existing wastewater system. The group of experts warns that by the end of the century, average temperatures in New York could be as high as they are in North Carolina today.
The legislation states that the sea level off the North Carolina coast will not rise more quickly than it has in the last 100 years.
For Thompson, however, that one-meter announcement was nothing less than a declaration of war, an assault on his legacy. Thompson told all of them his horror story: of roads and highways that would have to be raised by at least a meter because of the predicted rise in sea level, of disappearing boardwalks and businesses fleeing the area.
But Rockaway Beach, where she is now standing, is perhaps the best place for White to explain why New York is worried about climate change.
In the coming months, the US Army Corps of Engineers will bring in 2.7 million cubic meters (95 million cubic feet) of sand, which will be piled up and secured with the help of protective walls, geotextiles and beach grass, so that Rockaway Beach can become a real beach again. In New York City alone, the storm killed 44 people, destroyed thousands of buildings and hundreds of thousands of cars, and caused $19 billion in total damage.
But residents are accustomed to storm damage and have gotten used to rebuilding destroyed houses instead of investing a lot of money in precautions to avert future damage. And it's a world shaped by the fear of a nanny state that deprives citizens of their freedom. Nevertheless, she refused to veto the law, which dictates to the sea how high it is permitted to rise off the coast of North Carolina. Those that are smart are hopefully moving away from the endangered area as quickly as possible. When built the seawall was able to protect the area from most storm surges, including so-called 10-year storms where the storm surge could reach top five feet. The 10-year storm of long ago is not the same as a 10-year storm today, according to Stefan Talke of Portland State University, lead author of the study. New York City has also lost 85 percent of the wetlands that would have blunted the impact of a storm surge. These citizen suggestions helped to form a plan to address the critical challenges that lie ahead to create a sustainable city. Part of this plan, in combination with the Parks and Public Space Plans is the million threes plan and the design of the Brooklyn bridge park and the Halets Coastal Defence. While New Yorkers believe they have to do something against global warming, because it could spell the city's demise, the citizens of New Bern would rather put their faith in God's creation.
Thompson has brought companies to New Bern, including Bosch-Siemens, which built a factory for electronic devices there, and he knows many people in the North Carolina business world. He also warned them that the building conversions, evacuation routes and property insurance would cost billions. She is going to a gala dinner with the mayor in the evening, and she knows she'll be too busy to change her outfit first.
The Rockaway community was flooded and littered with sand, overturned trees and utility poles with torn cables dangling from them. These events, driven in part by climate change, suggest that New York will be more prone to flooding. Other examples of NYC water management are the monitoring of water quality and involvement of different stakeholders in the plans.
In New Bern, climate change is a question of faith and conviction that touches on broader issues of American identity. And thus far,no evidence exists that massive disruption of world economies to combat climate change will not change anything.

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