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The Committee to Save the New York Public Library has just released a point-by-point rebuttal of claims made by the New York Public Library (NYPL) administration over a controversial plan for the library’s 42nd Street branch. The Committee to Save the New York Public Library is calling for a halt to the Central Library Plan (CLP). This entry was posted in Historic Preservation and tagged Libraries, Manhattan, New York City, New York Public Library on May 16, 2013 by John Warren. John Warren is the founder and editor of The New York History Blog and the online news magazine Adirondack Almanack.
Detta bibliotek ar det tredje storsta publika biblioteket i Nordamerika och ar ett av Amerikas framsta bibliotek for forskningsandamal. The New York Public Library (NYPL) is the largest public library in North America and is one of the United States' most significant research libraries.
The New York Public Library has branches in the boroughs of Manhattan, The Bronx and Staten Island. Currently, the New York Public Library consists of 87 libraries: four non-lending research libraries, four main lending libraries, a library for the blind and physically challenged, and 77 neighborhood branch libraries in the three boroughs served.
Although New York City already had plenty of libraries in the 19th century, almost all of them were privately funded and many charged admission or usage fees. Eventually, the progressive idea took greater hold, and several free circulating libraries were established, but they were all of small scale. The Astor Library was a reference library founded at the suggestion of bibliographer Joseph Cogswell[12] by German immigrant John Jacob Astor, the United States' first multi-millionaire. A German-born architect, Alexander Saeltzer, designed the building in Rundbogenstil style, then the prevailing style for public building in Germany. The Lenox Library housed the private collection of philanthropist James Lenox, which consisted mainly of his extensive collection of rare books (which included the first Gutenberg Bible to come to the New World), manuscripts, and Americana.
The newly established library consolidated with The New York Free Circulating Library, one the more successful smaller private libraries, in February 1901, and the philanthropist Andrew Carnegie also donated $5.2 million to construct branch libraries, with the requirement that they be maintained by the City of New York.
The organizers of the New York Public Library, wanting an imposing main branch, found a prominent, central site available at the two-block section of Fifth Avenue between 40th and 42nd streets, then occupied by the no-longer-needed Croton Reservoir. The cornerstone was laid in May 1902, but work progressed slowly on the project, which eventually cost $9 million.
On May 23, 1911, the main branch of the New York Public Library was officially opened in a ceremony presided over by President William Howard Taft. Over the decades, the library system added branch libraries, and the research collection expanded until, by the 1970s, it was clear the collection eventually would outgrow the existing structure.
On July 17, 2007, the building was briefly evacuated and the surrounding area was cordoned off by New York police because of a suspicious package found across the street. Even though the central research library on 42nd Street had greatly expanded its capacity, in the 1990s the decision was made to remove that portion of the research collection devoted to science, technology, and business to a new location. Today there are four research libraries that comprise the NYPL's outstanding research library system which hold approximately 44,000,000 items. Unlike most other great libraries, such as the Library of Congress, the New York Public Library was not created by government statute. In 2010, as part of the consolidation program, the NYPL moved various back-office operations to the new Library Services Center building in Long Island City using a former warehouse renovated for $50 million. The contraction of services and collections has been a continuing source of controversy since 2004 when David Ferriero was named the Andrew W. The New York Public Library system maintains its commitment to being a public lending library through its branch libraries in The Bronx, Manhattan and Staten Island, including the Mid-Manhattan Library, The Andrew Heiskell Braille and Talking Book Library, the circulating collections of the Science, Industry and Business Library, and the circulating collections of the Library for the Performing Arts. Of its 82 branch libraries, 35 are in Manhattan, 34 are in the Bronx, and 12 are in Staten Island. The sale of the separately endowed former Donnell Library in mid-town has not been without its critics.[31] The elimination of Donnell also meant the dissolution of children's, young adult and foreign language collections. Since 1968 Telephone Reference has been an integral part of The New York Public Library's reference services, although it existed long before in a limited way. In 2008 The New York Public Library's ASK NYPL reference service introduced two enhancements that improve and expand the service. The Library recently launched 917-ASK-NYPL, a new easier to remember telephone number for Library information and for asking reference questions.
The New York Public Library website[37] provides access to the library's catalogs, online collections and subscription databases, and has information about the library's free events, exhibitions, computer classes and English as a Second Language classes. The NYPL Digital Gallery[46] is a database of over 700,000 images digitized from the library's collections.
Other databases available only from within the library[49] include Nature, IEEE and Wiley science journals, Wall Street Journal archives, and Factiva. A new NYPL strategy adopted in 2006 anticipated merging branch and research libraries into "One NYPL". Despite public relations' assurances, the 2009 website and online-catalog transition did not proceed smoothly, with patrons and staff equally at a loss for how to work effectively with the new system. The NYPL maintains a force of NYC special patrolmen who provide security and protection to various libraries and NYPL special investigators who oversee security operations at the library facilities.
It is also featured prominently in the 1984 film Ghostbusters with three of the titular protagonists encountering the ghost of a librarian named Eleanor Twitty, who becomes violent when approached. A thinly-disguised NYPL is the employer of a librarian with access to many mythical objects imparting magical powers for fighting evil in a series of films starring Noah Wyle. It was featured in the pilot episode of the ABC series Traveler as the Drexler Museum of Art.

The animated television series Futurama has Fry confronting a giant brain there in the episode "The Day the Earth Stood Stupid". In an episode of Seinfeld, Cosmo Kramer (Michael Richards) dates an NYPL librarian, Jerry Seinfeld is accosted by a library cop (Philip Baker Hall) for late fees, and George Costanza (Jason Alexander) encounters his high school gym teacher living homeless on the its steps. It is the setting for much of "The Persistence of Memory", the eleventh part of Carl Sagan's Cosmos TV series. Lynne Sharon Schwartz's The Writing on the Wall (2005) features a language researcher at NYPL who grapples with her past following the September 11, 2001, attacks.
Cynthia Ozick's 2004 novel Heir to the Glimmering World, set just prior to World War II, involves a refugee-scholar from Hitler's Germany researching the Karaite Jews at NYPL. In the 1996 novel Contest by Matthew Reilly, the NYPL is the setting for an intergalactic gladiatorial fight that results in the building's total destruction.
In the 1984 murder mystery by Jane Smiley, Duplicate Keys, an NYPL librarian stumbles on two dead bodies, c. In Middlesex by Jeffrey Eugenides, the main character visits the NYPL to look up her condition in the dictionary.
Allen Kurzweil's The Grand Complication is the story of an NYPL librarian whose research skills are put to work finding a missing museum object.
Lawrence Blochman's 1942 mystery Death Walks in Marble Halls features a murder committed using a brass spindle from a catalog drawer.
A lightly fictionalized portrait of the Jewish Division's first chief, Abraham Solomon Freidus, is found in a chapter of Abraham Cahan's The Rise of David Levinsky (1917).
Excerpts from several of the many memoirs and essays mentioning the New York Public Library are included in the anthology Reading Rooms (1991), including reminiscences by Alfred Kazin, Henry Miller, and Kate Simon. The New York Public Library, serving Manhattan, the Bronx, and Staten Island, is one of three separate and independent public library systems in New York City. According to the latest Mayor's Management Report, New York City's three public library systems had a total library circulation of 35 million broken down as follows: the NYPL and BPL (with 143 branches combined) had a circulation of 15 million, and the QBPL system had a circulation of 20 million through its 62 branch libraries. In March the Historic Districts Council issued a statement opposing the Central Library Plan. He's been a media professional for 30 years with a focus on history, journalism and documentary production. More than 9,200 people follow The New York History Blog each day via E-mail, RSS, or Twitter or Facebook updates.
Eckmair Historian Town of Butternuts and Village of GIlbertsville on Devin Lander Appointed New York State HistorianDaniel M Lark on Sumner Lark’s Putnam County African-American ProjectsBrian S. Samtidigt ar det en av de storsta publika bibliotekssystemen i Amerika och ett av de storsta systemen for forskningsbibliotek i hela varlden. If you own the rights to any of the images and do not wish them to appear on the site please contact us, and they will be promptly removed! It is a privately managed, nonprofit corporation with a public mission, operating with both private and public financing.
According to the American Library Association, the branch libraries comprise the third largest library in the United States.[5] New York City's other two boroughs, Brooklyn and Queens, are served by the Brooklyn Public Library and the Queens Borough Public Library respectively. It was located in the East Village and was constructed in 1854 (the building now houses The Public Theater) by Astor's son William Backhouse Astor, Sr.
Astor funded expansions of the building designed by Griffith Thomas [1859] and Thomas Stent [1881].
While usage of the materials was free of charge, admission tickets (such as those that are still required to gain access to the British Library) were still needed by potential users. In both cases, the initial endowments were running low and not enough revenue was being generated.
Today it is also equipped with computers with access to library collections and the Internet and docking facilities for laptops.
In the 1980s the central research library added more than 125,000 square feet (12,000 m2) of space and literally miles of bookshelf space to its already vast storage capacity to make room for future acquisitions. From the earliest days of the New York Public Library, a tradition of partnership of city government with private philanthropy began, which continues to this day.[11] As of 2010, the research libraries in the system are largely funded with private money, and the branch or circulating libraries are financed primarily with city government funds.
In the basement, a new, $2.3 million book sorter uses bar codes on library items to sort them for delivery to 132 branch libraries.
These circulating libraries offer a wide range of collections, programs, and services, including the renowned Picture Collection at Mid-Manhattan Library and the Media Center at Donnell. Now known as ASK NYPL,[35] the service provides answers by phone and online via chat and e-mail 24 hours a day, 7 days per week.
Inquiries range from the serious and life-changing (a New Orleans resident who lost his birth certificate in Katrina needing to know how to obtain a copy; turns out he was born in Brooklyn), to the fun or even off-the-wall (a short-story writer researching the history of Gorgonzola cheese). The two online catalogs, LEO[38] (which searches the circulating collections) and CATNYP[39] (which searches the research collections) allow users to search the library's holdings of books, journals and other materials. The Digital Gallery was named one of Time Magazine's 50 Coolest Websites of 2005[47] and Best Research Site of 2006[48] by an international panel of museum professionals. These officials have on-duty arrest authority granted by NYS penal law; however, some library branches use contracted security guards for security. It serves as the backdrop for a central plot development in the 2002 film Spider-Man and a major location in the 2004 apocalyptic science fiction film The Day After Tomorrow. Her origins and the library's prominent standing are explored in the video game sequel, Ghostbusters: The Video Game. The other two library systems are the Brooklyn Public Library and the Queens Borough Public Library.

Michael Kimmelman wrote a critical review of the Central Library Plan in January in the New York Times.
He has a Master of Arts degree in Public History and is a media specialist at the New York State Writers Institute.
Biblioteket har ocksa blivit utnamnt som en av de fem viktigaste biblioteken i Amerika av historikern David McCullough. As of 2010, the research collections contain 44,507,623 items (books, videotapes, maps, etc.). Both large expansions followed Saeltzer's original design so seamlessly that an observer cannot detect that the edifice was built in three stages. Its primary audience was intended to be bibliophiles and scholars.[11] The original Lenox Library building stood on Fifth Avenue, and was designed by the New York architect Richard Morris Hunt.
On May 23, 1895, Bigelow and representatives of the two libraries agreed to create "The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundations". John Shaw Billings, the first director of the library, created an initial design which became the basis of the new building (now known as the Schwarzman Building) on Fifth Avenue. These names were transformed into Lady Astor and Lord Lenox (although both lions are male).
This expansion required a major construction project in which Bryant Park, directly west of the library, was closed to the public and excavated. The Humanities and Social Sciences Library on 42nd Street is still the heart of the NYPL's research library system but the SIBL, with approximately 2 million volumes and 60,000 periodicals, is quickly gaining greater prominence in the NYPL's research library system because of its up-to-date electronic resources available to the general public. Until 2009, the research and branch libraries operated almost entirely as separate systems, but that year various operations were merged. At two-thirds the length of a football field, the machine is the largest of its kind in the world, according to library officials. Library users can ask reference questions in Spanish and English and seek help at anytime through online chat via the Library's website. In 1992 a selection of unusual and entertaining questions and answers from ASK NYPL was the source for Book of Answers: The New York Public Library Telephone Reference Service's Most Unusual and Entertaining Questions, a popular volume published by Fireside Books. The LEO system allows cardholders to request books from any branch and have them delivered to any branch.
In the 1978 film, The Wiz, Dorothy and Toto stumble across it, one of its lions comes to life, and joins them on their journey out of Oz. John lives in the Adirondack Park and his weekly Adirondack Outdoors Conditions Report airs across Northern New York on the North Country Public Radio network.
The Branch Libraries contain 8,438,775 items.[7]Together the collections total nearly 53 million items, a number surpassed only by the Library of Congress and the British Library. Billings's plan called for a huge reading room on top of seven floors of bookstacks combined with a system that was designed to get books into the hands of library users as fast as possible.
The new library facilities were built below ground level and the park was restored above it.
In 1995, the 100th anniversary of the founding of the library, the $100 million Science, Industry and Business Library (SIBL), designed by Gwathmey Siegel & Associates of Manhattan, finally opened to the public. The SIBL is the nation's largest public library devoted solely to science and business.[23] The NYPL's two other research libraries are the Schomburg Center for Research and Black Culture, located at 135th Street and Lenox Avenue in Harlem and the New York Public Library for the Performing Arts, located at Lincoln Center. Books located in one branch and requested from another go through the sorter, which cut the previous waiting time by at least a day.
Through participation in an international cooperative, the Library receives support answering questions outside regular hours. National and international questioners have included scores of newspaper reporters, authors, celebrities, professors, secretaries, CEOs, and everyone in between. Biblioteket har synts i ett urval olika filmer, bland annat Breakfast at Tiffany’s fran 1961, Escape from New York, 1981 och serien Sex and the City, 2008. Following a competition among the city's most prominent architects, the relatively unknown firm of Carrere and Hastings was selected to design and construct the building.
He chose these names because he felt that the citizens of New York would need to possess these qualities to see themselves through the Great Depression. Upon the creation of the SIBL, the central research library on 42nd Street was renamed the Humanities and Social Sciences Library. In addition to their reference collections, the Library for the Performing Arts and the SIBL also have circulating components that are administered by the NYPL's Branch Libraries system. Together with 14 library employees, the machine can sort 7,500 items an hour (or 125 a minute). The Public Theater (then the New York Shakespeare Festival) persuaded the city to purchase it for use as a theater. Henry Miller Lydenberg, who served as director between 1934–1941, seeing the New York Public Library through times of war and economic uncertainty.[15] The New York Public Library instantly became one of the nation's largest libraries and a vital part of the intellectual life of America.
Grot's Nravstvennye idealy nashego vremeni ("Ethical Ideas of Our Time") a study of Friedrich Nietzsche and Leo Tolstoy.

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