Old subway lines in new york city 2014,trains to downtown nyc yelp,damaged cars for sale new jersey - Plans Download

admin 02.01.2014

The 50-foot cars, known as Redbirds and long the workhorses of New York's numbered subway lines, became the latest and largest additions to a man-made artificial reef about eight miles off Cape May. Recreational and commercial fishermen extolled the subway cars as welcome additions to the artificial reefs, which are piles of old Army tanks and armored personnel carriers, tons of concrete and other construction debris, and scrap steel. Fishermen say the reefs, like all underwater structures, teem with marine life and become a boon to their hobbies and livelihood. New York City Transit called ocean disposal the cheapest and easiest way to get rid of the 40-year-old Redbirds.
David Ross, the New York City Transit official overseeing disposal of the Redbirds, said the agency was satisfied the asbestos would not pose problems. The asbestos, he said, is embedded in an epoxy substance in the floor tiles of the cars and between their exterior and interior walls. He also said that laboratory testing he performed on the epoxy from the subway cars shows that it did not dissolve, convincing him that there was little likelihood it would break up in the ocean.
The cars dumped offshore today were stripped of all doors, windows, hand grips, signs, wheels, engines, and oil and grease, Mr. Nearly 1,000 of the Redbirds have already been dumped in the last two years on artificial reefs off four other Atlantic Coast states.
Wouldn't it have been a beter idea to recycle them for scrap instead of using them as part of an artificial reef?
The board of the state Metropolitan Transportation Authority, which operates New York City Transit, approved a $6.33 million contract today with Cranford, New Jersey-based Weeks Marine to transport the cars and drop them in the waters off New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, South Carolina and Georgia. Between August 2001 and November 2003, the agency sent 1,269 Redbird subway cars, which dated back to 1959, to become reefs off the coasts of five states, said Michael Zacchea, assistant chief operations officer for asset recovery.
The next fleet of cars to be submerged date back to 1963 and run on the lettered subway lines, Zacchea said. The cars will be removed from service and stripped of their wheel assemblies, which are sold as scrap metal, Zacchea said. Using the cars as reefs will allow the agency to save about $24.8 million because asbestos used for insulation and to seal electric wires in the cars would have to be removed if they were sold as scrap metal, according to a summary of the agreement prepared for the MTA board.
The asbestos will be left in the cars when they are submerged because the material is only dangerous to humans in its airborne form, Zacchea said. Environmental groups including Clean Ocean Action had expressed concern about the program because of the asbestos, which has caused respiratory ailments and cancer in some workers who have had long exposure to the fibrous material. New Jersey stopped accepting the cars in 2003 after the concerns were raised, but the state has said it will ask for 600 more after studies showed asbestos doesn't pose a serious threat, the New York Times reported last week, citing a memo from New Jersey Environmental Protection Commissioner Lisa Jackson.
The whole purpose of these artificial reefs is to attract marine wildlife and create sanctuaries. The first American subway trip left New York City Hall heading north for Harlem 108 years ago today. The subway quickly gained popularity because it was much faster than trolley cars and existing elevated trains.
In 1940 with the IRT and BMT both in deep financial trouble, the city absorbed the original subway lines and merged them with the IND, forming what is today's subway system, which hasn't expanded much since. Construction is currently underway for the first new line since the slow process of unification of the three systems: the 2nd Ave Subway. Can you imagine men and women ALL wearing vintage business attire with formal hats and polished shoes? The extensions of and additions to the rapid transit lines operated by the Interborough Rapid Transit Company will add about 168 miles to its 191 miles of existing trackage.
The existing subway consists of a system having 26 miles of road or 73 miles of single track. Under the Dual System, extensions will be made both north and south of 42nd Street, so that, when completed, the subway will have two complete north and south lines, one running up and down the west side, and the other up and down the east side of Manhattan. At 135th Street the Lexington Avenue Subway will divide into two branches, one running easterly through 138th Street to Southern Boulevard and thence northerly through Southern Boulevard, Whitlock Avenue and Westchester Avenue to Pelham Bay Park; the other running northerly through Mott, River and Jerome Avenues to Woodlawn Road. While these two branches will give needed relief to the east side and the west side of The Bronx, an extension of the Lenox Avenue branch of the present subway and an extension of the Third Avenue Elevated line will do the same for the northern central portion of that borough. Important extensions of the present subway also will be made toward the east in Queens and Brooklyn. One of Several Designs Submitted By the Commission's Engineers For Ornamental Elevated Structure On Queens Boulevard.
From the Queensborough Bridge Plaza two elevated railroads will be built connecting with the Steinway Tunnel Extension.
The Seventh Avenue extension of the subway in Manhattan to be operated by the Interborough Rapid Transit Company will be connected with Brooklyn by a new tunnel. Important additions and extensions are also provided for the elevated lines of the Interborough Rapid Transit Company under the Dual System. The above improvements will enable the company to run express trains through from 155th Street on the Ninth Avenue line clear to Rector Street, and from the Harlem River on the Second and Third Avenue lines clear to the City Hall. The Ninth Avenue, the Second Avenue and Third Avenue Elevated lines will be given new outlets to the north under the Dual System. The Third Avenue Elevated line will be extended from its present terminus at Bronx Park as a two-track elevated line north through Webster Avenue to Gun Hill Road and through Gun Hill Road to White Plains Road where a connection will be made with the White Plains Road extension of the Lenox Avenue branch of the present subway. The Second Avenue Elevated line will also be extended from 59th Street over the Queensborough Bridge to a junction with the Queens elevated lines to Astoria and Corona.


Existing subway, from Flatbush and Atlantic Avenues, Brooklyn, to 242nd Street, on Broadway Branch and 180th Street on Lenox Avenue Branch. Existing Elevated lines, including the Second Avenue, Third Avenue, Sixth Avenue and Ninth Avenue Roads in Manhattan and The Bronx. LINES FOR OPERATION BY THE INTERBOROUGH RAPID TRANSIT COMPANY TO BE BUILT JOINTLY BY THE CITY AND THE COMPANY AND EQUIPPED BY THE COMPANY.
Southern Boulevard and Westchester Avenue Line, From 135th Street and Park Avenue to Pelham Bay Park.
White Plains Road Extension, From 179th Street and Boston Road (Bronx Park Division of existing subway) to and up White Plains Road to Becker Avenue. Park Place, William and Clark Street Line, From West Broadway through Park Place, private property, Beckman Street, William Street and Old Slip in Manhattan, under the East River to Clark Street, Brooklyn, and through Clark Street and Fulton Street to the present subway. Steinway Tunnel, From Park Avenue and 42nd Street Manhattan, to and under the East River to Long Island City. Steinway Tunnel Extension in Manhattan, in 42nd Street from Times Square to junction with Steinway Tunnel. Eastern Parkway Line, From terminus of existing subway at Atlantic Avenue, Brooklyn, out Flatbush Avenue and Eastern Parkway to Buffalo Avenue. Livonia Avenue Line, From Eastern Parkway through East 98th Street and Livonia Avenue to New Lots Road. Putnam Bridge Line, From 157th Street and 8th Avenue across Putnam Bridge, over the Harlem, over New York Central right of way and private property and 162nd Street to River Avenue to connection with Lexington Avenue subway extension in Jerome Avenue. West Farms Connection, From 3rd Avenue elevated line at about 143rd Street through private property, Willis and Bergen Avenues to Brook Avenue connection with West Farms Division of the subway. White Plains Road Connection, Elevated line from Fordham Avenue through Webster Avenue and Gun Hill Road to White Plains Road extension of the subway.
Second Avenue and Third Avenue Lines, Completion of third track from City Hall station to 129th Street.
Station locations on City-owned lines are made by the Public Service Commission; on company-owned lines by the company, subject to the approval of the Commission.
Campbell, New Jersey's environmental commissioner, seemed ecstatic after spending about 90 minutes watching a steam shovel push the dull-red hulks off a barge into about 70 feet of water. Campbell expressed none of the misgivings about asbestos in the old cars that two years ago prompted the state to reject New York City's offer of 650 Redbirds. New York State, for instance, has passed up a chance to obtain 650 Redbirds for the 11 reefs it has built off Long Island since 1962. Campbell, New Jersey's environmental commissioner, said he was satisfied the asbestos would not harm the environment. DiFrancesco, rejected the offer of 650 cars for the reefs, citing concerns about the asbestos.
If any ever escapes from the epoxy, he said, it will be little different from asbestos getting loose from ocean rocks. They will be replaced as the agency's new R160 trains, which began running on the N, R and W lines last year, are deployed, he said.
The seats, fluids, light bulbs, advertising, windows and doors will then be removed, and the stainless-steel shells will then be sunk to the bottom of the ocean to add structure to existing reefs, he said.
The Independent Rapid Transit line connected Manhattans most traveled crossroads in one zig-zaging route. About 20 years later, New York got it's second subway company, the Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit company combining existing elevated lines in south Brooklyn with newer routes connecting to Manhattan.
It extends from the business center of Brooklyn under the East River to lower Manhattan, through the whole length of Manhattan Island, with two branches north of 96th Street, the western or Broadway branch running to Van Cortlandt Park or 242nd Street, and the eastern or Lenox Avenue branch running to Bronx Park or 180th Street. This will be effected by extending the west side line from 42nd Street at Times Square, south in Seventh Avenue, Varick and other streets to the Battery, and north from 42nd Street in Lexington Avenue to and under the Harlem River as far as 135th Street in The Bronx. Under the terms of the Dual System agreement the Steinway Tunnel, which runs under the East River from 42nd Street, Manhattan, to Fourth Street, Long Island City, will be extended on both sides of the river and operated as a part of the subway. One of these roads will be a two and three-track elevated line north through Second Avenue to Ditmars Avenue, Astoria. Entrance of Typical Concrete Station For Ornamental Elevated Structure On Queens Boulevard. This tunnel line will leave the Seventh Avenue line at West Broadway and Park Place and will run through Park Place, under the United States Post Office property and through Beekman Street to William Street, through William Street to Old Slip and thence under the East River to Clark Street, Brooklyn, and through Clark Street to a connection with the present subway at Borough Hall. These elevated lines, namely the Second, Third, and Ninth Avenue roads, are mainly two-track lines.
To a certain extent this service is already provided by third-tracks on the Ninth Avenue Elevated from Christopher Street north to 116th Street and by a third-track on the Third Avenue Elevated from 42nd Street north to 129th Street.
The Ninth Avenue line will be extended as a two-track elevated railroad from about 157th Street and Eighth Avenue across the Putnam Railroad Bridge over the Harlem River, thence over the right-of-way of the New York Central and Hudson River Railroad Company and private property, thence as a tunnel emerging as an elevated structure in 162nd Street near Jerome Avenue and thence over 162nd Street to River Avenue, where a connection will be made with the elevated structure of the Jerome Avenue Extension of the Lexington Avenue Subway. This extension will permit of trains on the Third Avenue Elevated running clear through from the City Hall Station to 241st Street or Becker Avenue, as the Company will have the right to operate its elevated trains over the White Plains Road extension of the subway. Two tracks; and including Harlem River Bridge Extension of Third Avenue Line--Four-track bridge and four-track line between Harlem River and 144th Street.
As the company has not yet submitted the plans for elevated construction, it is impossible at this time to give the locations on the proposed elevated extensions. The state's Department of Environmental Conservation is still not convinced the asbestos is safe for marine life.


He said he based his opinion in part on a 2002 study by the federal Environmental Protection Agency that found that ocean disposal of the cars was safe. Cleaning and ocean disposal of the 1,200 cars will cost New York City Transit about $16 million, he said, half the estimated cost of cutting up the cars and burying them. In 1932, Independent Subway launched, which, despite the name, was municipally-owned and operated.
The subway line extensions will be made in Manhattan, Brooklyn, The Bronx and Queens, while the elevated extensions and additions will be confined to Manhattan and The Bronx, except for the extension of the Second Avenue elevated road, which will reach over the East River to Queens. This subway runs up the east side of Manhattan from the Battery to 42nd Street, at which point it turns west and runs through 42nd Street to Broadway and thence up the western side of the Island through Broadway. Both of these extensions will be four-track subways, that both local and express service can be maintained on the east and west side lines.
The easterly branch will be a subway as far as a point in Whitlock Avenue between Aldus and Bancroft Streets, and from there to its terminus an elevated structure. Under the Dual System plan a two and three-track elevated line will be built from this point northerly to White Plains Road and through White Plains Road to Becker Avenue or 241st Street, practically the City limits. The westerly terminus of this tunnel is now at 42nd Street, near the Grand Central Station. The present subway which ends at Flatbush and Atlantic Avenues, Brooklyn, will be extended out Flatbush Avenue to Eastern Parkway and out Eastern Parkway to Buffalo Avenue as a four-track Subway. The total elevated mileage in Manhattan and The Bronx, including the Sixth Avenue line from 53rd Street south to the Battery, is 118 miles of single track. Under the Dual System it is proposed to complete the third-tracks on these two lines and to add a third-track to the Second Avenue Elevated road. The right to operate elevated trains over the Jerome Avenue Extension is granted to the Interborough Company, so that when that extension is built, elevated trains starting at the Battery may run clear through to Jerome Avenue and Woodlawn Road, and the Ninth Avenue express service can be extended to the northern terminus. When the third tracking is completed to Bronx Park, the express service can be extended to 241st Street. They will be shown, however, on a map of the Dual System soon to be issued, copies of which will be made on a scale suitable for insertion in this booklet.
Ross said New York City Transit was satisfied the epoxy would remain intact, with the asbestos lodged in it, for decades in the ocean. South of 96th Street, therefore, it is a west side line north of 42nd Street and an east side line south of that street, although north of 96th Street it has both east and west side branches.
The Jerome Avenue Branch will be a subway from 135th Street to 157th Street and River Avenue, from which point to its terminus it will be an elevated road. Near 180th Street this road will connect with the line of the New York, Westchester and Boston Railway, of the New Haven system, at a station to be used jointly by each, so that passengers may transfer from one to the other without leaving shelter. A branch two-track subway will run down Nostrand Avenue as far as Flatbush Avenue and a three-track elevated extension will be made from Buffalo Avenue out East 98th Street to Livonia Avenue and through Livonia Avenue to New Lots Road. With the proposed additions under the Dual System the mileage will be expanded to 139 miles of single track. The Second Avenue line will be third-tracked from the City Hall Station in Manhattan north to 129th Street and the Harlem River, the Third Avenue line from City Hall Station north to 129th Street and the Harlem River and the Ninth Avenue line from Rector Street north to 155th Street and Eighth Avenue, the present terminus. The third track will permit the operation of express trains clear through to the termini of these branches. The Lenox Avenue branch also will be connected with the Jerome Avenue extension at 149th Street. On the Queens side it will be extended as a subway and elevated line through and over the Sunnyside Yard of the Long Island Railroad Company and thence via Davis Street and Ely Avenue to the Queensborough Bridge Plaza. Eventually this line probably will be extended to Flushing and points beyond, a matter now engaging the attention of the Public Service Commission. Later a branch from Eastern Parkway, down Utica Avenue to Flatbush Avenue, probably will be built, the route of which has already been adopted by the Public Service Commission. The existing bridge across the Harlem River carrying the Third Avenue Elevated tracks will be reconstructed into a four-track bridge, and the four tracks will be extended north to 144th Street in The Bronx. The proposed extension of the Third Avenue Elevated from its present terminus at Bronx Park will connect with this White Plains line at Gun Hill Road.
This tunnel will be a two-track subway from Times Square to its present terminus in Long Island City.
Trains from the subway in Manhattan can pass over both of these extensions by going through the Steinway Tunnel. The new tunnel will be a two-track road and with the existing tunnel from the Battery to Joralemon Street, Brooklyn, will give the Interborough Rapid Transit Company four tracks under the East River. The company will have the privilege of later extending the third-track to the present terminus of the Third Avenue line at Bronx Park. The Third Avenue Elevated line will also be connected with the Lenox Avenue branch of the present subway by a short line at about 149th Street.
These two lines will also be used by trains from the Second Avenue Elevated line in Manhattan going over the Queensborough Bridge as well as by trains of the New York Municipal Company passing through the Broadway and 59th Street subways in Manhattan and over the Queensborough Bridge.
These Queens branches are to be owned by the City and leased to the Interborough company, but trackage rights on them are given to the Brooklyn company.



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