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Duke's son Mercer Ellington recalled that he found Take the "A" Train in a garbage can after Strayhorn discarded it because it sounded too much like a Fletcher Henderson arrangement. In the time-honored jazz tradition, Strayhorn built "A" Train on the harmonies of an earlier piece, Jimmy McHugh's Exactly Like You (1930), but camouflaged the source well. The Lyrics Strayhorn said he was writing subway directions, as there was a new subway line and people were getting confused about the best way to get to Harlem. Take the "A" Train Sheet Music, undatedSam DeVincent Collection of American Sheet Music, National Museum of American History Archives Center.
Ellington and Strayhorn sometimes playfully gave their manuscripts pseudonyms as titles; here La Tram stands for Take the "A" Train.
Billy Strayhorn arranged these parts for saxophonist Johnny Hodges ("Rab" or "Rabbit") and Jimmy Hamilton (clarinet) for Take the "A" Train, for the 1957 recording Ella Fitzgerald Sings the Duke Ellington Song Book, in which she was accompanied by the Duke Ellington Orchestra. The history of Polish armoured trains starts shortly after Poland regained its independence in 1918.
The general make up was always the same and varied only in detail, such as the type of artillery car.
Even though it might seem that armoured trains present a perfect target for aircraft, they managed to survive attacks by the German Luftwaffe (Air Force), and armoured train No. Throughout the campaign the armoured trains provided the Polish Army with what it lacked most—mobility and firepower in an well-armoured package. This compelling dance number became a hit recording, and Ellington made it his orchestra's signature tune from 1941 until the end of his life. This score is from a re-orchestration of "A" Train for a 1952 recording date that featured singer Betty Roche and saxophonist Paul Gonsalves.
At that time, the original manuscript was not available to scholars, so the piece was transcribed note-fornote from the original 1941 recording.
They were one of the most important weapons in the war against Bolsheviks in 1919 and 1920.


Leading the way, but within sight of the train, were two TK3 or TKS tankettes and an FT-17 tank mounted on individual self-propelled railcars. Each armoured train was followed by a supply train carrying ammunition, coal, and other supplies such as track for repairing damaged rail lines. In the end, six out of ten trains were destroyed by their own crew because they were surrounded or had no ammunition.
Despite their limitation, the armoured trains fought well and were sometimes able to influence the outcome of individual clashes, such as the battle at Mokra. There are various versions of the lyrics to this piece, and singers have often taken liberties with the words. For the benefit of musicians and scholars, this edition includes parts for each of the instruments, a conductor's score, and an essay by the noted composer and conductor Gunther Schuller.
The main part of the train started with an empty platform car with a lookout and brake installation so the train could be stopped in case of danger. The crew spent two days repairing the rail line and even rebuilt a large part of an embankment, before proceeding.
51 was sent to patrol Sarny-Rokitno area where it encountered a Soviet motorised column and destroyed a number of armoured cars and trucks.
Two were damaged and withdrawn from fighting, one derailed, and one captured by the Red Army in Lvov after the fighting ceased.
It has been widely recorded, by musicians ranging from Cab Calloway, Lawrence Welk, and Henry Mancini to Phyllis Hyman and Bobby McFerrin.
It is impossible to give the exact number of armoured trains used in the period from 1918 to 1921. The platform car was followed by an artillery car, usually armed with one 75mm gun and one 100mm howitzer.
Armoured trains were usually attached to other units and were tasked with patrolling, providing artillery support and covering withdrawals.


Meanwhile, its train was sent south and reached Ciechanów where fighting was already under way. The train patrolled the area and supported Polish units until it was damaged by Soviet planes on 22 September.
In 2000, National Public Radio selected "A" Train as one of the "NPR 100"—the hundred greatest songs of the 20th century. There were several dozen of them, some improvised and some set up with anything that was at hand. The Land Coastal Defence also had three improvised armoured trains at its disposal and in mid-September Warsaw Defence Command formed two more improvised trains.
Behind it was the assault car with a long-range radio, armed with machine guns and carrying an assault platoon of infantry. 51 that was operating in southern Poland supporting the 1st Mountain Brigade and the 10th Motorised Cavalry Brigade. When military operations ceased in 1921, only the twelve most combat effective trains were left in service. Next was the locomotive with an armoured tender carrying coal, with the commander’s station on top. This was followed by another artillery car, a platform car, and more tankettes and a tank on their rail cars.The train could operate equally well travelling in reverse.



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  • milashka_19, 25.10.2014 at 16:40:24
    Engineers line will captivate toddler's imaginations.
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    Comfortable place to maintain all of your train pieces with Your participation.