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Katie was a great model that day in a wardrobe I thought matched the train track setting perfectly. For this shot I got low just below her eye level and chose to make as shallow of a depth of field shot as the location provided.
One of the oft-quoted benefits of DCC is the ease with which double-heading can be performed.
The first is quite simply that the train was too heavy for one locomotive to move, the railways had far more small and medium sized locomotives than large ones so it was often necessary to use two smaller locomotives instead of a big one. For modellers there is rarely any need to double-head our trains, powerful motors and free-running rolling stock make it unnecessary, however we do like to replicate prototype practice and anyway, a double-headed train looks good.
The way that consisting is implemented varies with different DCC controllers and decoders, not all features are available in all systems and those that are may behave differently from each other. This is a term that I have just coined, to describe setting two (or more) locomotive decoders to the same address. It is not possible to operate the locomotives individually, however this method will work with any DCC controller or locomotive decoder.
As the consist information is in the controller, rather than the locomotive decoders, if you move the locomotives to a different layout or connect a different controller, then the consist information will need to be re-entered on the new controller.
Depending on the way that universal consisting has been implemented on your controller you may find that the consist can be controlled by both the consist’s own address and also the individual locomotive addresses, or just the consist address.
With advanced consisting the consist information is held in the locomotive decoders and this feature tends to be available in newer and more expensive designs. With advanced consisting the DCC controller sends commands to the consist address and these are picked up and actioned by both the locomotives in the consist. The locomotives in an advanced consist will not respond to speed or direction commands send to their own address – only the consist address.
The easiest way to do this is to match the speeds of the locomotives that you are going to use by adjusting CVs 2 (Start Voltage), 5 (Top Speed) and 6 (Mid-range Speed) whilst running them around a circuit. With universal and advanced consisting your DCC controller will normally have a means of selecting the direction of travel for each locomotive within the consist, so that no matter which way is normally forwards for each locomotive, they travel the same way when working as a pair. Back-EMF, or feedback, is a system used by a number of locomotive decoders to make locomotives run smoothly. If you would like to make an offer, click Enquire Here and follow the prompts on the displayed page to submit a bid or Buy It Now. If your offer is accepted by both parties or you have completed the Buy It Now process, you will receive a notification advising you of the next steps. New York Daily News New York Fashion Week Special: Fashion models & styles from the 1930s 1930s fashion models In honor of New York Fashion Week, take a look back in time to see what models used to look like -- and what they used to wear -- in the 1930s.


The tragedy of apartheid is now followed by the tragedy of uncaring, incompetent and corrupt despotism, writes Lionel Bisschoff. Double-heading is where two locomotives are used to haul a train and happened for a number of reasons on real railways. Also a number of lines couldn’t take the weight of a large freight or express locomotive so a pair of smaller locomotives would be used instead.
A locomotive on its way to or from works attention could be added to a train rather than running light engine on a busy line.
Sometimes units would be attached to or detached from the formation during the course of the journey. The first port of call is the user manual, usually followed by a healthy dose of experimentation. For DCC operation this means that one of them will have to be set up to run backwards when the other goes forwards.
A locomotive address is allocated to the consist and when that address is selected the commands are sent to both the locomotives. Some simple controllers, such as the Bachmann E-Z controller, do not support it whilst others have limited functionality. Some controllers directly support setting up advanced consists, whilst on others you have to set the necessary CVs yourself. As the consist information is stored in the locomotive decoders the locomotives will still work together if they are moved to a different layout or a different controller is connected. Decoder functions, such as lighting and sound, are a more complex area and it is possible to change their behaviour using CV settings. This can cause problems when double-heading and you will need to adjust the decoder CV settings so that both locomotives run at the same speed.
This is especially true given the way that DCC allows you to tailor the top speed, acceleration rate and other characteristics of each locomotive. The usual method is to ensure that they are set to travel in the same direction when they are put in the consist. In simple terms it checks the motor’s speed, compares it to what it is supposed to be and adjusts the power to the motor accordingly. Should you wish to report a comment for editorial review, please do so by clicking the 'Report Comment' button to the right of each comment. The second is called universal consisting where the DCC controller sends the same control signals to two different locomotives.
It is best suited to locomotives that will always work together as a pair, such as a pair of class 20 diesels.


Using the controller you can add and remove locomotives from the consist so it is possible to run the locomotives individually when you need to. Usually the controller will have a limit to the number of consists and locomotives in each consist, that it can handle although this is not likely to be a problem on a British-outline layout. Normally the functions will only respond to instructions sent to the locomotive’s address and not the consist address. Different decoders and locomotive types need careful matching before putting them together in a consist.
For successful double-heading both locomotives need to be travelling at about the same speed at all times.
This keeps a locomotive at a constant speed whether it is going around a curve, straight and level, up or down hill.
Where a train is diverted or routed over lines which the crew is not familiar with a pilot locomotive could be attached to the front driven by a local crew. The photo shows a Hornby Class 121 railcar and a Lima Class 117, these classes could often be found working together on the British Rail’s Western Region. The third is advanced consisting where the locomotive decoder responds to both its own address and a second, consist, address. By placing the locomotives on the programming track individually the decoder settings can be modified as necessary, for example to set one locomotive to run backwards and the other forwards. This allows you to run a train headed by a single locomotive, pull into a station where a second locomotive is added to the front and then the train can depart double-headed.
In this case a Bachmann Ivatt and Hornby Jinty have both been fitted with Lenz Silver decoders. George Harris rocked the look first in 1932 with a feather cape over her black velvet evening gown at a society fashion show.
The terms ‘consist’ and ‘consisting’ come from the US, and refer to running a number of locomotives in multiple. The CV settings on the Jinty were adjusted so that it’s speed and acceleration matched the Ivatt.
If the locomotives in your consist use decoders from different manufacturers you may find that you have to turn the Back-EMF option off to get them to work together reliably.
In the US trains are regularly hauled by four or more locomotives – in the UK it is very rare to need more than two.



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