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Categories: Picture Of Tattoos | Author: admin 09.08.2015

Unique feature of Indian cultural heritage is rock-cut chambers - cave temples and monasteries. One of the best known and most impressive groups of cave temples is Ajanta Caves - these impressive structures form a popular tourist destination.
Ajanta Caves served as an extremely important religious centre of Central Indian empires and, although located in hard-to access canyon, mirrored the political and social development of Central India.
First Buddhist caves in the vertical walls of the 75 metres deep (vertical wall is not that high, this height includes talus) Waghora River canyon were created more than 2,000 years ago.
Cave chambers were not just rough hollows - stonecutters made whole interiors with columns, doorways, arched windows - everything was made by hollowing the solid rock as if it was cheese. Layout was marked on cliff face and the works started from above and went downwards until reaching the floor level. Several chaitya-grihas are the most ancient monuments in Ajanta, for most part created in the 2nd - 1st century BC.
Here, as it is seen in many ancient stone structures around the world, architecture is modelled after wooden architecture. It seems that simultaneous building of 20 viharas, each patroned by separate influential authority, rised rivalry among architects and artists, thus adding much splendour to Ajanta Caves. Viharas of Ajanta belong to most ornate and rich structures known from ancient times with numerous statues on facades and inside the structures. This technique allowed to make paintings which preserved much of their original glory even after 1,500 years of abandonment in tropical climate.
Plastering was done by really skillful artisans - even some of sculptures were plastered to get effect of smoothness.
Time is relentless - some paintings miraculously have survived but many things have changed.
Sometimes it is mentioned that the painting technique in Ajanta is not fresco, it is mural. With the grandiose fall of Vakataka empire sometimes around 480 AD Ajanta Caves were abandoned - within few months after the death of Harishena all the influential patrons of Ajanta Caves fled and Buddhist monasteries lost any support.
The year of abandonment still is challenged by some scientists - some consider that temples were inhabited up to the 7th century AD, there is report from Chinese pilgrim Hieun Tsang from the 7th century - he saw these monasteries full with life. Captain Smith left his name on the wall in this cave - this inscription still is faintly visible up to this day - out of reach now as the debris has been removed. One of the best preserved cave chambers in group, considered to be the most splendid Buddhist vihara in India. Some details though have perished such as portico with two pillars seen in photographs from the 19th century. The facade of cave is adorned with elaborate, exquisite carvings depicting scenes from life of Buddha.
Paintings covering walls are in rather good state of conservation and belong to the best examples of ancient Indian art.
This cave in general is very rich with paintings - in some areas well preserved, in other - nearly lost. Inscription on the pedestal of Buddha in this vihara tells that the sculpture is a religious gift from private person. Never completed - basically only porch, door and short distance after the door have been made. The oldest (as far as archaeological knowledge about Ajanta goes) structure in Ajanta dating from the 2nd century BC, architecture testifies its belonging to Hinayana school. Inscription testifies that this cave is dedicated to the Buddhist Sangha by Vaharadeva, the influential prime minister of king Harishena (around 475-500 AD). The richest collection of beautiful murals (especially ceiling), though in many places damaged by sooth from incense and lamps.
Inscription testifies that this structure is a gift of prince in time of king Harishena (around 475-500 AD).
Painting on ceiling includes the usual lotus-lake motive, but here several geese are added among lotuses. Contains paintings at the right end of the front aisle as well as inscription which informs that monk - painter here attained transcendental personage through painting images of Buddha. India is seventh largest country of world by area, and, naturally such a large area contains huge amount of exciting attractions. Rock cut architecture is very ancient form of architecture and some of the oldest rock cut structures were tombs and dwellings.
Mondrian's interest lay in the abstract quality of line but by 1914 he had all but eliminated the curved line from his work.

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Downtown, where my friend Nathaniel slept under a bridge, there were hundreds of other homeless men and women roaming the streets. The truth is, homelessness is more about addiction and lack of coping skills than it is about economics.
One of the best things you can do to alter someone's life radically is give an hour of your time or a kind word. This is a proven truth that I've seen four times in the past year with homeless people who are now off the street living really productive lives.
If you ask him how he got un-homeless, he will tell you that it all started with a stranger showing him interest, value, and self worth. After years of service in orphanages, homeless shelters, or food banks, I can honestly say that you don't know what someone is going though until you walk a mile in their shoes. It might be someone in your neighborhood whose struggling with a problem, or an addiction, or it might be someone downtown under a bridge. Tammy Kling is a life coach, advocate for the homeless, and international author of 29 books including The Compass. Our 2013 list of the of the design world’s most historic logo artists and brand impressionists.
The Pokemon series is still a pretty big thing today, but I definitely remember it as part of my childhood. I always enjoy seeing how people interpret characters and imagining realistic versions of cartoons is an interesting exercise. For more help creating your own monsters and creatures, check out Creature Features by Randy Martinez and Draw Crazy Creatures by Steve Barr. In honor of the nerd of all holidays, National Comic Book Day, IMPACT always tries to share something fun with our fans. Relax, kick back and grab your colored pencils for a book packed full of beautiful fairy coloring pages. In total there are more than 1,500 such temples spread out throughout the country containing incomprehensible amount of art values - paintings, sculptures, inscriptions. During the SA?tavA?hana dynasty in the 2nd - 1st century BC early Buddhist monks did something what is hard to do even today - they managed to carve huge halls in the hard basalt rock of Deccan trap. Even more - up to 6 metres high columns, walls, ceilings were decorated with amazing bas-reliefs, often the flat walls were covered with beautiful, colourful murals.
Basic work was done with sharp pick-axes, then the cliff face was levelled by hammer and chisel.
Nowadays access is much simpler - along the terrace there leads a road with nearly direct access to most cave temples. They are characterised by horse-shoe shaped bay above the doorway and central nave which is divided from side aisles with colonnade. Concept of construction of Buddhist temples underwent revolution sometimes around 460 - 470 AD and as a result the initially planned comparatively simple dormitories turned out to be complex, sophisticated religious complexes.
In many aspects the art in Ajanta symbolises the golden age of ancient Indian culture, especially during the reign of emperor Harishena of Vakataka dynasty. Unusual shine was achieved by adding powdered conches and seashells - such polished plaster has glassy surface. Statues of Buddha nowadays have rugged, uncolored surface - but many centuries ago they most likely were smooth and covered with bright colors.
This is somewhat confusing announcement - as if somebody would say that herring is not a herring but a fish. Some of paintings seem to be abandoned in hurry - just few hours were needed to make them ready, but some sudden events made further work impossible or useless.
This might seem impossible - but the amazing, otherworldy beauty created and admired by many generations faded away from the memory of people.
Walls of this cave are covered with thick layer of sooth from incense and lamps, damaging the exquisite artwork. There are numerous important inscriptions rising scientific discussion about the history of Central India in 460 - 480 AD. Interesting accent is depiction of ancient Persian - Sassanian servant holding a Sassanian vessel on the left rear wall.
Contains remnants of paintings including depictions of Buddha considered to be innovative by some art historicians. It seems to be a flat work, but there are differences in the texture of different elements. The white spaces are, on the contrary, painted in layers, using brushstrokes that are put in different directions.
If you're homeless, you can eat really well because there's a lot of giving taking place. Churches, individuals, and various groups give back by providing food, donations, and food banks.

On the cover shown below, that he designed himself, is a photograph of the man he once was when he slept on the street and the man he is today, reaching out a helping hand. I write about this a lot in my own blog and recently wrote a post called addiction nation about the habits even normal people form, like overeating, over spending, drinking too much, or addiction to other things that might fill that empty space. Founder of Write it Out, a homeless recovery program that teaches writers workshops to the homeless and gang members, in order to focus on using the power of words to restore, recover, and rehabilitate. These 10 logo artists work have stretched world wide, you will undoubtedly have seen many of these artists designs all around the world.
Sign up for our free newsletter and get a FREE download from Shojo Fashion Manga Art School. I had the original Gameboy games, I watched the cartoon, I collected the cards and I played all the other video game spinoffs.
He’s created some amazing realistic Pokemon art. Remember the video game Pokemon Snap? Archaeological and historical investigations of this extremely rich heritage has taken many exciting years of numerous scientists but there still is almost endless work to be done. Ajanta art inspired numerous artists of the late 19th - early 20th centuries, many people were essentially obsessed with copying Ajanta paintings, there have been written numerous books about this phenomenal achievement of humanity. For three centuries there were not created any cave temples in India and thus numerous people had to learn unique skills - to learn it in hard way, by doing.
First the surface was prepared - stone surface was chiseled to make rough surface holding the plaster. Many of woman paintings and sculptures depict such mythical beings as yakshas, nagas, vrikshikas, river goddesses Ganga and Yamuna. Fresco is characterised by application of paint on a wet plaster - thus ensuring long life of colors. Once filled with life, beautiful caves were silent and undisturbed for approximately 1,100 - 1,300 years.
Back then the cliff walls were covered with dense vegetation - but captain noticed a hollow through the interlaced roots and shoots.
Paintings look fresh and are not damaged by sooth - thus it is possible that this cave was not used by monks. Design of porch differs from Cave 1, massive pillars are ornamented, walls covered with murals depicting the life of Buddha in his former incarnations as Bodhisattva. This is the cave which was discovered by Captain Smith in 1819 and it bears his inscription in pencil. It is calculated that approximately 200 people were working here when works unexpectedly terminated.
I love to hear how people are getting involved in global and community issues, as well as finding a way to give back. In fact, one homeless friend is so good at understanding the feeding schedule that he eats five times a day! He said, "I see a lot of obese homeless people in America!" He is right, especially because there's a misconception about what food is available and what's not.
But at the core of despair, poverty, and life on the street is a negative cycle of addiction that often stems from the way they were raised, or a lack of coping skills after a tragedy.
Well, unless you count the popcorn I bought at the movie theatre when we took five homeless guys to see The Book of Eli.
You already have the basic design of the creature or person so you don’t have to come up with something totally from scratch, but you have to think of its appearance in a different way. Largest spaces without supports reach 21 x 15 metres - slightly smaller than basketball field. Sculpting Buddha was allowed comparatively recently and artists used image of Buddha to show him present among the monks.
When I was fasting one week, he said there was no way he would go without food for more than a few hours!
But, if counting the supports, the halls are significantly larger - ancient stonecutters had quite good knowledge of structural engineering and with great skill planned the use of lintels and columns to create durable constructions.
Thus in several aspects these ancient temples are similar to contemporary Christian churches.

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