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Categories: Shooting Star Tattoo | Author: admin 14.05.2015

Breasts are underdeveloped at birth and start to grow in size during puberty as a result of hormonal stimulation.
During pregnancy the breasts enlarge and the glandular tissues prepare for milk production. The breast is made up primarily of fatty tissue, and glands which produce milk during the late stages of pregnancy and after childbirth. Colostrum is a thick, yellowish form of milk which is rich in proteins, vitamins and minerals.
About 3 to 4 days after delivery, milk production increases and it becomes whiter and thinner in consistency.
If a breastfed baby is not gaining weight in accordance with their growth chart, then this may be a sign of an inadequate breast milk supply or difficulty accessing the milk. A simple home measure for assessing a baby’s weight gain is to ensure that the baby gains an ounce a day in the first 3 months. If a baby feeds frequently, every 2 to 3 hours, and has at least 8 to 12 feeds a day, then it is unlikely that the breast milk flow is inadequate.
Breast milk production depends on hormones, like prolactin, as well as physical and mental wellbeing of the mother. The baby may not be able to feed properly due to problems such as tongue-tie, cleft lip or cleft palate.
Limiting the baby’s time for breast feeding or failure to offer both breasts during each feed.
Early introduction to solid foods will have the same impact on the baby’s feeding habits and result in reduced breast milk production. Pacifiers also cause nipple confusion and the baby may refuse to breast feed after getting used to sucking the pacifier.
Use of a nipple shield decreases stimulation of the breast and the amount of milk transferred to the baby. Working mothers who return to their jobs soon after childbirth may experience a lower breast milk supply due to long hours without breastfeeding.
If it can be conclusively ascertained that the breast milk supply is low and it is  insufficient for the baby’s growth and development, then measures should be taken to increase milk production.
If these fail, certain medicines, called galactagogues, may help to increase the breast milk supply.
Prolactin levels in the body control lactation or milk production and it may be inhibited by prolactin-inhibiting factors, like dopamine, a chemical messenger in the brain.
Metoclopramide is sometimes prescribed to increase breast milk supply and should not be used for more than 3 to 4 weeks. Domperidone may be used 3 to 4 times a day, to increase breast milk and seems to have fewer side effects than metoclopramide. Sulpiride, a drug primarily used for schizophrenia, is used in some countries as a galactagogue.

Ask a Doctor Online Now!Please note that any information or feedback on this website is not intended to replace a consultation with a health care professional and will not constitute a medical diagnosis.
A recent research commissioned by Bodyfashion Promotion in the Netherlands found that Dutch women are getting bigger breasts and 32 percent of them now have a D-cup or bigger compared with 20 percent five years ago. Some 42 percent of women aged 30-39 have D-cup breasts and feel in general okay about that. In addition, the availability of better bras that can create remarkable improvement in a woman's appearance. In a survey by Allure, 70% of women wanted bigger or rounder breasts, although more than half of American men were satisfied with their partner's breasts size.
A common fear is that breast milk production will be insufficient to meet with a newborn’s nutritional needs. For mothers who are keen on breastfeeding, simple measures such as proper feeding techniques and good nutrition may be sufficient. A perceived lack of breast milk causes great stress and anxiety for mothers wishing to breastfeed. Pregnancy and lactation cause further growth in breast size but the size of the breast is not related to the amount of milk production.
The hormone prolactin is responsible for milk production and oxytocin helps in milk “let-down” or the milk ejection reflex from the nipples as the baby suckles at the breast. Each breast consists of 15 to 20 lobes, made up of lobules, which are further composed of groups of hollow sacs called alveoli.
Supply will increase further depending on frequency of milk removal from the breast, either due to a nursing baby or mechanical removal by hand or by pump. There may be instances where the milk production is sufficient, although the baby may not be able to access the milk.
A newborn baby tends to lose 5% to 10% of their birth weight in the first few days of life – this is normal and not a sign of poor nutrition.
After this, weight gain of half an ounce a day from 3 to 6 months is considered acceptable. A baby that settles down between feeds is also a good sign that the frequency and quantity of feed is sufficient.
This may subsequently reduce but if a baby does not pass out stool on a daily basis or if there is obvious straining and a hard stool, then this may be a sign of infant constipation. Modern disposable diapers have a drying gel to reduce dampness and it may not always be obvious once the baby urinates.
The main contributing factor to a low breast milk supply is infrequent or short periods of feeding.
Breastfeeding should always be encouraged and the supply should be increased when necessary rather than immediately switching to bottle feeding. They may not be effective in all women, especially if the prolactin levels are high, yet the breast milk supply is low.

Side effects such as depression and mood swings may occur so it should be used with caution in mothers with a history of depression.
Every effort should be made to assist an enthusiastic mother with adequate milk production in the event of a low breast milk supply. If a baby is gaining weight in accordance with the baby’s growth chart, is active, appears healthy and able to feed frequently, then the breast milk supply is likely to be adequate.
Colostrum production usually starts during the second trimester of pregnancy and many women have milk discharge from the breasts around this time. This is often due to a poor feeding technique, an underdeveloped suckling reflex especially in premature babies and the baby’s individual appetite. After this period, the baby gradually gains weight and within 10 to 14 days, the birth weight is restored. However it is always advisable to consult with a pediatrician on a regular basis for monitoring the baby’s growth and development. Alternatively, a bottle fed baby is less likely to breastfeed as often or to the same extent which diminishes milk production. A baby should be breastfed every 2 to 3 hours during the day and every 4 hours at night to ensure a continuous flow of milk. Galactagogues are drugs used for other medical conditions, like gastrointestinal disorders, but one of their side effects is galactorrhea (excessive milk production). Women's magazines and television program are full of stories related to breast implants or other non-surgical procedures for more shapely and proportionate bodies through plastic surgery breast lift procedures procedures.
The lactiferous ducts (milk ducts) drain the milk and aggregate it near the areola (the dark circular area around the nipple). Colostrum secretion from the breasts normally starts after childbirth and persists for a few days after delivery. While this side effect is undesirable under other circumstances, it is beneficial for a nursing mother with a low breast milk supply.
Here the ducts form ampullae, which are cavities for storing milk before it is ejected through the nipples. This is low-fat milk which collects in the breasts in between feeds and is rich in proteins and carbohydrates.
Montgomery’s glands are oil glands situated around the areola and help to lubricate the nipples.

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