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I'm a 24 year old male who has never been injured but have always wondered my arms don't full extend( they never have since i can remember) for example if i put my arms straight out in front of me and make first and touch my first together there is about a 1.5-2ft gap between my elbows. Every morning I hang on my chin-up bar for a few seconds to stretch out after getting out of bed. Hello I have fallin and fractured my elbow 2 months ago, went to er and they told me it was a sprained wrist. I have some similar problems but it hurts the most when I tighten the elbow up as bent as it can be and then twist the wrist.
Ive had the same exact pain as the first post an similar to the others , i have difficulty in picking up heavy objects not necessarily too heavy but like a gallon bottle of water causes me sharp pain in the inside of my arm by the inner elbow as others wrote, i bent it an it hurts i seen my medical doctor he said it was nothing just maybe a swelling of a tendon, but its been a month now and its causing me great pain any suggestions? I was roller blading last night and it was slippery, I lost control and tried to break my fall but ended up landing on my arm awkwardly. Hi, I don't think I'm putting this in the right area, but I'll ask anyway and if you can tell what section my question goes under let me know and I'll repost it there. I'm a 30 year old woman and ever since I was at least 3 and a half (possibly younger, my biological mother says she never noticed before I got adopted) I haven't been able to straighten out my arms properly.
I was hoping to find my answer here, but my pain is NOT in my elbow- rather, it is in my inner forearm.
Thanks for the guidance- but assuming I'm looking at the arm diagrams correctly, the brachioradialis is on the other side of my forearm from my pain. Tennis Elbow, also known as lateral epicondylitis is an injury to the outside tendons and muscles. Tennis elbow is the common cause of elbow pain and it is also referred as lateral epicondylitis. Golfer’s Elbow & Bursitis are additional strain related conditions, which are often mistaken for Tennis Elbow. Tennis elbow is often caused by repetitive motion of the wrist; including tennis, hedge clipping, excessive use of a hammer or screwdriver, painting, or any activity that needs excessive constant gripping or squeezing. Sudden Onset: Sudden onset of tennis elbow happens in a single instance of exertion for example a late back hand where the extensors of the wrist become stressed. Late Onset: This normally occurs within 24-72 hours after an intensive term of unacquainted wrist extension.
To treat tennis elbow, no single treatment has been shown to be totally effective but combination of the treatments resolve tennis elbow over time.
If tennis elbow does not resolve or if it recurs, then lifestyle modification is important. A cortisone (steroid) injection is a reasonable option, if these conservative measures fail. For tennis elbow, exercises will help to strengthen weakness so that the elbow is not stressed to recompense. Prayer stretch is a simple exercise and to do this, place palms together in front of the chest with fingers together.
Quite often we read about and see people who adore lighthouses and all things nautical, and there is evidence of this by the amount of time, energy, and resources that some put into visiting lighthouses in their local area and even in some cases internationally.
Film Critique - Part 1: ChestDiscussion of the diagnostic criteria for routine chest x-rays with emphasis on exposure technique, positioning, pathology, and clinical correlation. Your completion certificate will print with the date that you successfully complete the article test.
Discuss the functions of the respiratory system and describe and identify the anatomical components of the respiratory system.
Distinguish between restrictive and obstructive pulmonary disease and give examples of each. Discuss the gross structure of the lungs and arrangement and significance of thoracic serous membranes. Describe how to position the patient, image receptor, and central ray for the PA and lateral chest x-rays.
State the proper range of kVp used for the erect PA and lateral chest x-ray, and tell what structures will be demonstrated.
Discuss what structures are demonstrated on the PA chest x-ray when the patient has taken a full inspiration. Discuss how to determine when there is full inspiration on the PA and lateral chest radiographs. Determine what changes are needed to correct radiographs that do not meet the diagnostic criteria for the PA or lateral view of the chest.
Radiographic imaging of the chest, especially the lungs is one of the most common types of radiographs taken. The respiratory system is arbitrarily divided into the conducting and respiratory divisions. Though we will not fully discuss the upper division of the respiratory system some of its members should be mentioned.
The pharynx, called the throat in laymen?s terms, is about 5 inches in length and lies just anterior to the cervical vertebrae. The pharynx or throat is about 5 inches in length and lies just anterior to the cervical vertebrae. These sagittal CT images of the upper respiratory tract show the frontal sinus (A), sphenoid sinus (B), nostril (C), nasopharynx (D), oropharynx (E), and nasal conchae (F).
These two CT images (left-sagittal, right-3D volume rendered) show various parts of the pharynx and larynx. The trachea, commonly known as the windpipe is the continuous connection from the larynx to the primary bronchi. Cartilage of the trachea and primary bronchi are abnormally calcified, which allows us to see them on these two coronal CT images. The coned down radiograph of the neck seen on the far left shows an air filled trachea (arrowheads). The bronchial tree is composed of progressively branching tubes that get smaller distally as they extend into each lung.
The smallest order of the conducting airway is the terminal bronchioles; these end the purely conducting portion of the airway. Although there is little to no cartilage in the bronchioles, they do contain smooth muscle that allows them to constrict and dilate with thoracic pressure.
This drawing is a representation of the distal branches of the respiratory bronchi where capillaries surround the alveoli. The lungs begin their development from two primary tracheal buds during the 3rd week of gestation. As each lung develops from its lateral primary bud it pushes into a separate coelomic cavity (future pleural cavity). These two drawing of the right and left lungs are labeled: (A) RUL, (G) horizontal or minor fissure, (D) RML, (E) RLL, (H) oblique or major fissure, (C) RUL, and (J) base of right lung.
The coronal CT image on the left shows the right minor (horizontal) fissure (white arrow), right major fissure (yellow arrow), and left major (oblique) fissure.
These two PA chest radiographs demonstrate normal inflated lungs (left) and a pneumothorax involving the right lung (right radiograph). One of the most commonly performed examinations in radiology departments is the chest x-ray (CXR). Selecting correct exposure factors is one of the most important components in the production of quality radiographs.
The standard positions for chest radiographs are erect posteroanterior (PA) and the left lateral.
When performing the portable CXR most of the variance between technologists involves patient positioning and SID.
Most adult chest radiographs taken in the radiology department use a fixed kVp of 100 to 140, and vary the mAs using automated exposure, such as phototiming. Exposure factors such as mAs and kVp should be consistently applied for portable chest imaging just as it is for an upright chest radiograph performed in the imaging department.
Peak kilovoltage used is another important imaging consideration that applies to patients who are not ambulatory and are usually brought to the imaging department for a chest x-ray. Notwithstanding, as we see later in this module, the diagnostic criterion for portable chest imaging technique is a compromise between an optimal low contrast exposure and high contrast exposure. This drawing demonstrates a fundamental difference in what is demonstrated with long scale contrast (top) and short scale contrast (bottom) exposures. For many years film-screen exposure was the standard imaging technology; however, it is also dependent on dynamic film processing conditions.
A digital radiographic image is first formed as an electronic image that is displayed on a grid called a matrix. This digital chest radiograph shows great detail and contrast created by many shades of gray pixel values. Digital imaging is usually coupled to digital viewing through a picture archiving and communication system (PACS). An accurately positioned chest x-ray will demonstrate the lung apices, lung bases, medial and lateral lung fields, and the costophrenic angle of each lung. Right clavicle (A), right scapula (B), right fourth anterior rib (C), right eighth rib (D), right costophrenic angle (E), left lung apex (F), aortic arch (G), hilum (H), heart (I), left lung base (J), right hemidiaphragm (white arrow). Structures that should be demonstrated on the left lateral chest radiograph include: esophagus (A), trachea (B), lung hili (C), heart silhouette (D), lung apices (E), scapulae (F), thoracic vertebra (G), thoracic intervertebral foramen (H), superimposed posterior ribs (I), costophrenic angles (J), and diaphragm (yellow arrows). It is important that the PA chest radiograph is well penetrated so that peripheral pulmonary vessels are demonstrated; vertebral bodies are seen through the mediastinum, and retrocardiac and retrodiaphragmatic pulmonary vessels are seen. The goals to be accomplished by positioning the patient for the PA chest x-ray is to accurately demonstrate lung pathology, show air-fluid levels when present, and correctly display the mediastinum with minimal magnification. The PA chest radiograph on the left was taken of a person having the hyposthenic body type.
Good inspiration is accomplished by having the patient perform a double ventilation technique.

All potential foreign bodies such as necklaces, body piercings, bra, sequins, and some fashion printed shirts that may cause an artifact should be removed. All chest radiographs should be made with the patient upright so that the thoracic vertebrae are perpendicular to the central ray. A 72-inch SID should always be used since this decreases magnification of the heart silhouette. High kVp (100-140) to produce a low contrast image and properly penetrate the lungs and mediastinum.
The supine or bedside (portable) AP chest radiograph is used when the patient is debilitated, seriously ill, unstable, or in some trauma scenarios.
All potential foreign objects such as necklaces, body piercings, bra, sequins, and some fashion printed shirts that can cause an artifact should be removed. Most supine chest projections are performed at 40 to 60 inches SID and the central ray vertical.
High kVp (80 to 90) to produce a low contrast image and properly penetrate the lungs and mediastinum is preferred.
A position marker, which is usually an arrow indicating supine, and an anatomical marker to indicate left or right side should appear on the radiograph.
This patient was unable to get a CT scan because the nurse was unable to get intravenous access. This radiograph fails the diagnostic criteria for several reasons including artifact in left lower lung field, failure to include both costophrenic angles, and improper exposure technique for demonstrating the PICC line.
It is quite obvious that the patient may be a little uncooperative; however, taking a little time to get cooperation is well worth the final results. This PA CXR was taken to evaluate PICC line placement and the lungs for possible pneumothorax. Again, this is a radiograph that obviously misses the diagnostic criteria for the PA CXR because both lung fields are not included. This patient?s physician requested a portable chest x-ray to evaluate treatment for congestive heart failure and known pleural effusions.
The technologist should consider that when serial radiographs of a patient are taken it is important that the radiologist can compare them for improvement related to treatment. The patient history for this portable AP chest x-ray includes pleural effusions bilaterally, chest tube on right, and obesity.
Again we see an example of the technologist marking the radiograph upright when the anatomical indicators show that the patient is more supine than upright. What is your critique of this upright portable chest radiograph taken to evaluate the lung fields?
This patient is adequately positioned upright position, although the clavicles show asymmetrical with slight rotation to the right.
This PA upright chest x-ray was taken on an ambulatory patient with a history of shortness of breath, smoker. At first glance this radiograph may appear to meet diagnostic criteria, but with close inspection we see it is grossly underpenetrated and lacks mAs. This patient was too sick to stand for their chest x-ray; therefore, the technologist performed an AP upright study with the patient in bed. Give your critique of AP supine chest x-ray taken on a newborn infant to evaluate lung fields, nasogastric tube, and umbilical line placements? This patient was sent to the radiology department for an upright chest x-ray to check progress of treatment for various lung disorders, and to evaluate a newly place PIC catheter. What is good about this radiograph is that the technologist demonstrated the PICC line from its entry in the left arm (yellow arrow) to the tip (red arrow). The patient is not well centered to the cassette causing the left lung base to be partially clipped. A portable radiograph was taken on this patient with known pleural effusion(s) now suffering decreased oxygen saturation readings. The main reason this radiograph is not acceptable is that it was performed supine rather than upright. Patient had increasing shortness of breath, the ordering physician wanted to evaluate the lungs for fluid. This radiograph was taken with the patient supine, which is not recommended when evaluating the chest for fluid.
The patient history for this radiograph stated ?chest tube is not working properly, evaluate placement.? Based on this history, does this radiograph meet the diagnostic criteria, and state what could have been done to make it a better radiograph?
Although the patient is not aligned to the cassette the reason this is not an optimal radiograph is that the chest is rotated. This radiograph was requested on a patient who was sent to the radiology department on a gurney because of depression. This radiograph shows good positioning of the patient with both sternoclavicular joints symmetrical and lateral to the spine. ClipArt ETC is a part of the Educational Technology Clearinghouse and is produced by the Florida Center for Instructional Technology, College of Education, University of South Florida. TRICEP MUSCLE BUILDING: It is called a three headed muscle because there are three bundles of muscles, each of different origins, joining together at the elbow. There are times random times where 1 elbow or both will be even worse and i cant even get it half way extended it actually hurts now this is rare it happens maybe once a month at most but i don't understand it.
My right arm hurts when i fold or straighten it after it hangs on the side for few minutes or when i carry something.
It doesn't hurt or anything, they're just annoyingly bent, I can't tell you at what angle because I suck at math lol but it's obvious if I put my arms straight infront of me as far as they'll go.(I remember a gym teacher actually trying to force them straight one time, he thought I was making it up to get out of Vollyball lol ooooooooooowwww! Yesterday I participated in a class titled "boot camp" we did circuit training and for about 8 minutes we did assisted pull ups and used bands to do bicep curls. Refer this article to know the causes of Tennis elbow pain and different exercises for Tennis Elbow Treatment. The risk of developing tennis elbow can be raised with overuse of the forearm muscles and repeated impact as in racket sports. A tennis player using a new racket or even a person who spent a weekend doing DIY may suffer from tennis elbow as late onset. The oral intake of these medications is easy and frequently helps to control inflammation and manage pain. If a person has taken more than two cortisone injections without relief, then it is improbable that additional injections will benefit the patient. Start with extending the elbow without flexing it to raise the amount of stretch as necessary. Surgery includes removal of a portion of the damaged tendon or releasing the attachment of the affected tendon. In other parts of this website one can find information and details about any and everything having to do with lighthouses, and after a period of time it becomes obvious that lighthouses have a pretty strong following. While there are no suggestions of the types of tattoos a person should or shouldn’t get on this website, above and below one can find pictures of different tattoos other admirers of lighthouses have received. Functionally the respiratory system is divided into a conducting airway that moves air into and out of the lungs, and the respiratory division where gases are exchanged between the blood and the airway. It is arbitrarily divided into three parts, the nasopharynx posterior to the nose, the oropharynx or back of the mouth, and laryngopharynx, which is behind the larynx. The laryngeal pharynx continues from the hyoid bone to the larynx becoming continuous with the esophagus.
One of its main functions is to allow air to pass into the trachea and keep food out during swallowing. Abnormal calcification of the trachea (white arrow) is responsible for tracheal wall detail seen on these images. Capillaries (blue, A) release carbon dioxide into the alveolar spaces (C) and absorb oxygen into them to be distributed to the tissues (red, B).
They are not developed sufficiently to sustain birth of an infant until about the 28th week of pregnancy. A good example of consistency is the use of fixed kVp for dedicated stationary chest x-ray units and varying the mAs. The left lateral should be well penetrated so that the right lung is demonstrated superimposed on the left lung, thoracic vertebral bodies and intervertebral disc spaces are seen, heart and lung densities show good penetration, and bronchial and vascular markings are clearly displayed.
In most cases where the portable supine chest radiograph is taken there will be various factors contributing to acceptance of a less than optimal image. I am unable to straighten my arm without feeling a sharp pain just below the bicep, on a similar point to the picture at the top of the webpage. Other factors responsible for developing tennis elbow include lack of strength, poor technique, and more duration or intensity of play. When you suffer a mild stretch under forearms, keep palms together, lower hands towards waist, and stop it. It is not until you consider this area of the website that you notice there are those who love lighthouses so much, they are willing and interested in to make such an expression; one that is both public and permanent. Yet again, all of these individuals are outdone by those who show their admiration for lighthouses by inking them on their bodies. Respiration is a term that is often misused in that it refers to three distinct functions of the respiratory system: ventilation, gas exchange, and oxygen utilization.
The pharynx is continuous with the esophagus having seven opening into it: the right and left auditory (Eustachian) tubes, two openings from the posterior nares into the nasopharynx, the mouth opens to the oropharynx, and openings from the larynx and esophagus. The oropharynx houses the palatine tonsils in its lateral walls and the lingual tonsils on the base of the tongue. The alveoli are the functional units of the respiratory system where the work of gas exchange takes place.
Underdevelopment is the result of there being no cartilage in the alveoli to keep them open during inspiration and expiration.

Each image is made of thousands, preferably millions of small cells that make up the image matrix. Often it is not possible to remove all radiopaque objects such as monitor leads, life support apparatus, and the like. Examples of compound elbow extension include pressing movements like the push up, bench press, close grip bench press (flat, incline or decline), military press and dips. But this also happens in other joints too at random like my wrist will be really tender and sore or my knees but like i said the pain is rare maybe like 1 time a month at most usually even less then that.
To make sure patients are hitting the ball in the center of the racquet, stroke mechanics should be evaluated and players should not lead the racquet with a flexed elbow.
When pain is no longer present or there is very little pain, it signs that exercises can begin. This stretching exercise for tennis elbow can be repeated 5-10 times and done at least two times a day. Additionally, arthroscopic elbow surgery has become an option for some patients with tennis elbow.
Ventilation or breathing is a mechanical process that moves gases, specifically oxygen and carbon dioxide, in and out of the lungs. Cilia and mucous membranes lining the nasal cavity trap inhaled dust, bacteria and other foreign materials such as pollen and pollutants. The auditory tubes connect the nasopharynx to the middle-ear cavities functioning to equalize pressure in the middle ear. The tonsils are accessory structures of the lymphatic system whose functions include filtering circulating lymph. The lungs do not carry out its function of gas exchange until after birth when the lungs are expanded. Alveoli are prevented from collapsing by liquid surface pressure exerted on the walls of the alveoli. Keep in mind that the supine AP portable view does offer a quick assessment of the patient, and when properly made can be a sufficient replacement to the upright chest radiograph. I don't know if I slept this way in the past week or not or if that caused my situation.I attached a picture. Yesterday at my post op appt I described a spot that felt like a swollen vien in my chest above my right breast to the doctor.
This disorder is caused by inflammation of the tendons on the outside (lateral side) of the elbow at a bony fame (lateral epicondyle) of the upper arm. Never start exercise when there is pain, inflammation, or restricted movement from stiffness.
Gases move from a volume of high concentration to a volume of low concentration by a passive process called diffusion. The nose contains olfactory receptors that distinguish various odors and contribute to taste.
The nasopharynx contains a collection of lymphoid tissue called the pharyngeal tonsils or adenoids. There are nine named cartilages that form the larynx, three are singular and three are paired.
The lung alveoli continue to develop during the first year of life to become the vast network of functional units illustrated in this drawing. Type 2 pneumocytes (pneumocytes are lung cells) begin to appear about the end of the 6th month of development.
The challenges for the technologist are to include the entire lung fields, reduce magnification, limit chest rotation, and penetrate the mediastinum without burnout of the lung markings. There may be patchy infiltrates (yellow arrowheads) developing, which are difficult to see because the chest is under penetrated. As the biceps is often worked more for aesthetic purposes, this is usually a mistake for fitness training. While it is important to maintain a balance between the biceps and triceps for postural and effective movement purposes, what the balance should be and how to measure it is disputed. The circle on the thumb side is where there is a shooting when I straighten my arm.The circle on the pinky side is where there is a shooting pain if I press in with my fingers. I can't fully identify where it is - seems like inner elbow and just a bit of the crook of the elbow if my palm is facing up. I can move my fingers just fine, but when I try and twist my wrist I get a sharp pain in my elbow again.
My right arm is a tiny bit sore so I feel like I must have really pulled a muscle on the left arm.
Repeated use of the muscles of the arm and forearm cause a cumulative trauma injury, leading to small tears of the tendons (Tendonitis). Oxygen is highly concentrated in the atmosphere relative to its low concentration in the pulmonary artery distribution in the lungs.
Here food is directed posteriorly into the esophagus and air conduction continues anteriorly into the larynx. The adult lungs have nearly 300 million alveoli, whereas at birth there are a mere 24 million alveoli. I can bend it some but once it gets to a certain point, that's it and it hurts when it gets to that point. Likewise, carbon dioxide is highly concentrated in blood moving through the lungs comparative to air in the alveoli. When swallowing the uvula is brought upward to close the nasal pharynx so that food does not enter the respiratory system. Therefore, the functions of the pharynx are a passageway for food and air and by changing its muscular shape aids in phonation. A failure of the surfactant producing system causes a condition called hyaline membrane disease causing a premature birth to present with respiratory distress syndrome. Being supine often results in poor inspiratory effort, which results in low lung air volume, increased basilar density, and vascular crowding. The technologist encounters various types of pathologies that may be harder to penetrate than normal lung, for example, fluid in the thorax, or a dense mass that may require an increase in exposure.
As a result, oxygen moves from air to blood and carbon dioxide from blood to air down their concentration gradients. The most prominent of these cartilages is the thyroid cartilage, commonly called the Adam?s apple, which is located on the anterior surface of the neck. The bulk of each lung is composed of thin walled alveoli, which are the functional units of the lungs.
This is because infant alveoli require low surface tension to remain open during ventilation. The supine chest radiograph can present normal anatomy in a way that often mimics congestive heart disease in the elderly as the heart can be significantly magnified. Suggest repeating this radiograph with the patient properly centered on the cassette not to clip required anatomy, and upright. About the radiograph, the upper chest catheter opening is positioned high, which is great for suctioning air, for example, a pneumothorax. Later in the night, I soaked in a hot bath and that seemed to make the pain subside substantially (but only temporarily).
Likewise conditions that trap air in the lung, such as emphysema and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) require a decrease in exposure factors.
Premature birth before the 7th month of development often results in respiratory failure due to inability of the alveoli to remain open during expiration. There was a slight increase in pain when straightening my arm but nothing alarming.I did not work out prior or exercise, fall or bump my arm to explain the pain.
I really don't know what's going on with it and I don't want to waste time going to the doctor if it isn't serious, I can handle the pain for a little bit. Type 2 pneumocytes begin to develop during the last trimester of gestation and continue during the few years after birth. I know this deals with inflammation, but doesnt it tighten the muscles up more? what about a heat pack? Also on the inside of my elbow (1 inch towards my bicep) closest to my body when my palm is facing up. Again I ignored it with the exception of getting into my hot tub and letting the water jets massage away at the point of pain. This includes having the CR enter at the level of T6 so that the concentrated part of the beam is over the lower thoracic vertebrae. When imaging the infant chest, especially when premature born, it is important that the technologist use proper exposure. Hyaline membrane disease can improve significantly with time so that the serial radiographs must be made on proper inspiration and free of motion artifact. Could't straighten my arm and now with a sharp stabbing pain coming from the left side of my crelbow (or the part of the arm directly opposite of the elbow that creates the interior angle of the elbow.) Now, maybe, I also feel some discomfort in my forearm but I can't be sure.
I have an appointment with my doctor but based on what I have heard from others, this my not help as much as expected and I may be in for a long road ahead depending on the actual cause of the problem.Do you have ANY suggestion as to what this can be? The pain is very severe when trying to straighten my arm and I did nothing to damage or injure my arm. I can say that if I slowly straighten my arm, the pain go's away a little then I can move my arm (like a simulated bicep curl) without the stabbing pain. My arm will be pointing towards the headboard of the bed and bent with my forearm and hand following the headboard up towards the ceiling.

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