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Whether it is the common European toad or American toad, kids would love to color this beautiful looking (and colorful) species.
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Earth Rangers is a non-profit organization that works to inspire and educate children about the environment. Earth Rangers is a registered Canadian charity (#892200528RR0001) whose mission is to educate kids about the importance of biodiversity and empower them to protect animals and their habitat.
At least 85 species of frogs are native to the United States, and there are three well-established exotic species. Most frogs have a two-phased life cycle, including an aquatic larval form (tadpole) and a terrestrial or semiaquatic adult form. Although some species spend most of their adult lives away from water, most frogs native to North America must return to water to lay eggs.
The noise sometimes produced by large breeding choruses of frogs following heavy rains can be annoying to humans. Keep the shoreline of ponds free of emergent vegetation to minimize cover for adult frogs and allow predators to assist in control. Caution: traps may capture other nontarget species, including snakes, turtles, and small mammals. Although shooting is allowable in some states, it is not safe in some areas requiring control.
They are both members of the order Anura, they both reproduce in water, and they even look alike. They may have skin that is smooth and moist or dry and warty, but they have no scales or claws.
Some species breed during the cooler winter and spring months, whereas others breed during the warmer months. Tadpoles compete for food intended for fish, and adult bullfrogs may actually feed on the fish. Some rare species (for example, Houston toad, Wyoming toad, Pine Barrens treefrog) may be fully protected under federal or state laws.
Most species responsible for potential or real damage can be effectively excluded from limited areas.

Toads may also be trapped by burying several 5-gallon (19-l) buckets flush with the ground surface beneath an overhead light. With the exception of fish farms, control measures for frogs are seldom warranted and, in most cases, should be discouraged. The front legs are short, but the hind legs are muscular and elongated for hopping or jumping. In the drier Great Plains and western regions, toads and spadefoots are typically more numerous.
Adults, on the other hand, are carnivorous, consuming almost any prey that can be overpowered. The aquatic tadpole stage may last as little as 2 to 3 weeks in some species of spadefoots or as long as 2 years in some northern populations of bullfrogs.
Frogs are an important component of the vertebrate food chain and are consumed by a variety of predators, including fish, snakes, turtles, wading birds, raptors, skunks, and raccoons. This does not normally present a problem for people, and pets usually learn to avoid such frogs. Toads attracted by the insects drawn to the light will fall into the buckets and be unable to escape. Captured frogs may be eaten, or where allowed by law, sold to provide additional economic returns.
Here are some hints to help you tell frogs (family Ranidae) and toads (family Bufonidae) apart. The popular distinction between frogs and toads is somewhat artificial; basically, toads are a particular group of frogs. Whereas some species are seldom found far from permanent water, others return to water only seasonally to breed. Although the diet consists primarily of insects, crayfish, and other invertebrates, larger frogs occasionally take snakes, other frogs, fish, mice, and small birds.
Each species has its own distinctive call, and females respond only to the calls of their own species. Individuals of many species may live 12 to 15 years, but life expectancy is much shorter in the wild. One study suggested that the mere presence of high densities of tadpoles retarded reproduction of fish.

A few species (giant toad, Colorado River toad) produce especially copious or toxic secretions, and there have been cases in which dogs have died after biting them.
The hardware cloth should be buried at least 4 inches (10 cm) in the ground and should extend to a height of at least 20 inches (50 cm). Check with your state wildlife agency regarding seasons, bag limits, legal methods of take, and restrictions on sale. Corse and Metter (1980) provided data suggesting that a 350-pond farm that produced goldfish might sustain $42,000 in annual losses to bullfrogs, whereas the same facility might sustain only $12,600 in losses if it produced golden shiners, a less valuable species.
Some desert species spend most of their time beneath ground, venturing to the surface only following rains. Several recordings of frog calls are available, and four are listed at the end of this chapter. Although the bullfrog is native to most of the eastern United States, its introduction to portions of the west has seriously affected some native species.
Contact your state wildlife department to determine the legal status of frogs in your area. A similar exclusion fence can be used to control breeding aggregations of nonclimbing species in small, urban stormwater detention basins or to exclude these species from small hatchery ponds. It follows that losses might be still higher on farms specializing in valuable aquarium fishes. Calls of 50 species.) Distributed by Rounder Records, Cambridge, Massachusetts, and Smithsonian Folkways Records, Rockville, Maryland. In at least some cases, these introductions may have resulted from the unintentional release of tadpoles during fish-stocking programs. Although treefrogs and some related species will readily climb such a fence, most treefrogs normally breed in seasonal, fish-free waters. In addition, their eggs and tadpoles are readily eaten by fish, so they do not usually present a significant problem on fish farms.

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