Last names that have been handed down the family tree are taken from the father’s side of the family. With the feudal system prevailing in ancient China further sub-last names were added as they were divided amongst descendants.
The bulk of the commoners however had last names that were taken after the name of the state where they lived or were originally coming from. The last time we looked at monthly Chinese imports of gold from Hong Kong in 2012, the comparable country in question was Portugal (whose citizens, if not central bank, incidentally have run out of gold to sell), because that is whose total gold holdings (at 382.5 tons) Chinese imports had just surpassed.
What is most amusing is that China, via the IMF, still wants the world to believe that total Chinese official holdings are just 1040 tons (double the ECB's), when it has imported half this amount in 2012 alone. As a reminder, the last time China gave an update of its official gold holdings was in April for 2009.
As an even more important reminder, in December 2009, the China Youth Daily quoted State Council advisor Ji as saying that a team of experts from Beijing and Shanghai have set up a "task force" last year to consider growing China's gold reserves. Whether this dramatic slowdown (and no, China is no longer rerouting purchases via the UK whose holdings have, unlike prior years, hardly budged in 2012) is due to a plunge in the Chinese trade surplus due to the ever more obvious Chinese hard landing, and the lack of recyclable dollars, is unknown and largely irrelevant. For the first time in history China has imported twice as much gold as it has "imported" US Treasurys. But most importantly, and perhaps tying it all together, is what the deputy director of the Chinese central bank, the PBOC, said overnight at a conference in Xiamen. A global currency that is now backed by the second largest hoard of gold in the world, and targeting to be over 10,000 tons in a few years, and is supported by the fastest growing "developing" economy in the world, $14 trillion in deposits rising at an exponential pace, and well over one billion in population. Select your preferred way to display the comments and click "Save settings" to activate your changes.
Because Chinese imports via HK are just one transmission channel, one which btw we know about only because HK keeps track of the data. You also forgot to subtract the gold that is mined within both Russia & China from the 2600 tonnes, which never makes it to the international market. So remove from the 2600 tonnes another 400-500 tonnes, so globally available mined gold is closer to 2000 tonnes. Now you will see that just from the Chineese published numbers, every month they are importing nearly half of the available global mine supply. ZERO HEDGE recently published an article on how Italians are turning in their gold because they have no "money".
I am going to thank God for all of this and for the small fact that I do not look out my window at a blood red river. Hilariously, the top three gold holders, US, Germany, IMF, are probably all the same gold, ie. On this issue of reserve currency status I think the energy thread and the money thread are now distending fast. If on top of this, the marginal cost of new oil is 90 USD+, then the oil monarchies may become more and more reluctant to buy UST as reserve monopoly currency.
Seriously, those ZH graphics showed us that in 2003 the private sector owned 80% of UST; and look at it now! Kind of like me moving in with you, getting power of attorney, maxing out all your credit cards (benefits of the purchases going elsewhere), and then you get angry and kick me out. You don't want even to consider that scenario when you are US oligarch, playing your harp while Rome's poor burn. The FED shareholders are the scions of oligarchy rule as they control the money line of USA Big Corp. Even if you don't like Ellen Brown there are "acceptable to the businessman" sources out there that actually show that the BIS runs the show. I believe this is a GREAT BOOK to help one understand the world's affairs & problems from the holistic view, not only the current ones but perhaps of the last one or two centuries! Chapter 5 Globalization and Neoliberalism: Is there an Alternative to Plundering the Earth? Skousen’s book is highly recommended because it helps one understand the more salient issues Quigley has documented and puts Quigley’s monstrosity in perspective.
Thanks to certain legislation that has been passed and electronic transactions, I suspect the government knows of thousands of people who own PM's. Nationalizing the mines is a much better, more effective, and easier way, than raiding everyone's safe deposit boxes. We believe the two bandits are working with the PBOC in an effort to secretly increase their gold holdings.
Anyone with half a brain could see since the 80s or 90s that the dollar was going to default sooner or later and they still accumulated it, what has fundamentally changed since then? Telegraphing is like throwing a rock in a pond and betting on the kind of waves it will make. What is so funny about the nagging Tylers comment is all China is doing is holding it's cards close to it's chest.
Are you trying to tell us that ZH article is telegraphing some messages from China or their own message to hoard gold because they have vested interest in it?
Later in the 20th century tattoos are worn by individual that have a special meaning for their family member to express love, spiritual connection and respect.
There are 14 high resolution photographs again to check, so Do not miss to check out all Appealing images in Chinese Symbol Tattoos: Find Your Meaning article galleries for your next inspiration by clicking the thumbnail below. There are 231 Tattoo Ideas readers and enthusiasts have rated this Chinese Names Tattoos which is a part of Chinese Symbol Tattoos: Find Your Meaning .
How To Make Your Own Tattoo GunJust make sure that you clean those equipments properly before you create them into a tattoo gun. The Reason You Have to Give a Tip to Tattoo ArtistTake into thought the artist’s perspective throughout the expertise and whether or not he communicated effectively with you on the planning.
Dig the Meaning of Supernatural TattooAnd if you have a plan to create a tattoo on any part of your body, however, you still need more tips to get the greatest result, so you can consider staying on this article too.
Chris Garver Tattoo ShopIn , all tattoo artists are friendly and will gladly answer your questions. Tagged as Japanese Tattoo Symbols topic and Chinese Writing discussion plus Chinese Symbol for Strength topic, Chinese Symbol Translation discussion along with Free Chinese Symbol Tattoos subject and tattoo designs area of interest plus Tattoo Ideas. Perhaps one of the most common places to acquire a tattoo, a number of different designs can embark upon the bicep area.
Just one more popular location with girls, a tattoo on the lower back has gotten a bad rep these days, however it is still a great spot to obtain a more intricate and symmetrical design, especially the one which doesn't possess a specific meaning. Just like the ankle, the rear of the neck is a better location for a tiny tattoo design, as anything too gaudy could provide impression to be a skin discoloration. The wrist is the one other section of the body that seems that it needs to be used more compared to.
There exists a choice here between an intricate design that covers a whole finger, or perhaps a smaller design that resembles a hoop, much just like have the ability to decorate your wrists which has a bracelet.
Not everyone who gets tattoos gets them for a profound reason, nor has the desireA to keep them for life. Serenity tattoos are one of the more popular types of tattoos that a person may choose for a tattoo design. All brand names and trademarks mentioned in this site are the property of their respective owners. The list of "Hundred Names" was compiled many years ago by order of the Emperor as the 100 most popular surnames (or last, or family names) in China at the time. In many Western countries, there is a short list of popular 'first names,' but countless 'last names.' In China, it is just the reverse.
This may be the reason that in Western countries, one customarily tell strangers one's first name ("My name is Bob.") Whereas in China, one generally give out his last name instead ("Just ask for Mr. TADRI was established in 2009 by the Chinese Government to create a center of automotive expertise intended to give the country's automotive industry a competitive edge – a Chinese automotive equivalent to America's MIT (Image courtesy of TADRI). In the new world automotive order dominated by China, there are many new names we'll soon become familiar with and the Tongji Automotive Design Research Institute (TADRI) is one destined for global prominence. TADRI is part of a group of high capability institutions based in Shanghai's Automotive City, and is centered around Shanghai's elite Tongji University.
Just some of the closely located collaborative institutions of TADRI include the Clean Energy Vehicle Engineering Center, Shanghai Automotive Wind Tunnel Center, Shanghai Fuel Cell Vehicle Powertrain Company and the Shanghai Academy of Spaceflight Technology (SAST) which in turn is part of the Chinese Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC). Every country has different cultures, and despite being the world's second largest country, most populous, and among most influential, China remains one of the least understood countries by foreigners.
China is already the world's largest exporter and importer of goods, and its rapid industrial transformation has seen a population which, fifty years ago, was one of the world's poorest per capita, grow incomprehensibly rich compared to the previous generation.
As China's population is accumulating wealth, it is going through the same love affair with the automobile that America and Europe did almost a century ago, and by comparison, it's love at first sight.

This time though, the machine that represents prosperity and freedom is likely to be a different size and shape, more efficient and technologically far superior to the massive internal combustion engine powered cars which gave personal mobility to the western world.
In 2010, the Chinese automotive market became the world's largest, and it is still growing rapidly. In a country where "face" is all important, the automobile has become the most visible indication of prestige, wealth and success and even downmarket western brand names are being favored over local marques. China has more than 100 car manufacturers, yet Chinese brands account for less than a third of sales, and the above list of the top selling marques in China last month, contains just six Chinese brands in the top 20 – Great Wall, BYD, Chery, Changan, Dongfeng and JAC. At the same time this automotive phenomenon has been occurring, there has been an equally large personal mobility trend happening beneath it, as China also sells millions of electric bikes each year. Just as scooters make up the majority of the personal transportation system in other developing Asian countries, electric bikes make up a sizeable chunk of the transportation spectrum across China's vast and quickly urbanizing landscape. Electric bikes are the most accessible form of motorized transport available, for many reasons, partly due to price, partly to no registration being needed, and partly because every home has its own "gas station" in the form of a power outlet. Electric bikes are everywhere in China, being used by not just millions of citizens for transport, but as the most common form of short distance delivery vehicle.
China's citizens bought more than eight million such electric bikes last year and Pike Research forecasts that annual sales of e-motorcycles and e-scooters will reach 18.6 million by 2018. TADRI recognizes that as China grows, there exists a massive need for new forms of transport that fit between the traditional automobile that took shape in America, and the electric bicycle which has replaced China's traditional form of transport for the last century, the bicycle.
Indeed, I spent some time at the TADRI stand at Auto Shanghai and the literature there left me in no doubt that the Intelligent Electric Vehicle on display will be the first of many new forms of transport that emanate from the institution. While Toyota, Honda and Nissan are leading the charge of traditional auto makers with their own one- and two-person mobility prototypes, TADRI is likely to be providing expertise in this area to many Chinese automotive and mobility companies, and its budget and expertise is being supported by a Government which fully recognizes the need for new, clean, efficient and small personal mobility devices and eco-systems. Within two decades, China will have 250 cities of more than a million people, and concrete plans are already in place to ensure its vehicles do not require ever-growing supplies of oil. With a GDP growing at 10 percent per annum, China's need for oil is growing by 7.5 percent per year, seven times faster than the US and a trend the Chinese Government is intent on curbing. I scanned a few of the brochures and documents they gave me at the TADRI exhibition and some of the concepts coming from Tongji University's student design competitions make wonderful fodder for thought. It hasn't taken long for TADRI to begin to make its mark, and at Auto Shanghai this month, there were three fascinating concept cars on show that TADRI had been intimately involved in. The most prominent TADRI-related vehicle on display at Auto Shanghai was the Volkswagen 4FUN, the winner of the 2013 Volkswagen People's Car Project. Drawing on its proletarian roots (Volkswagen is, after all, German for the "People's Car), the People's Car Project began in 2011, seeking the on-line ideas of the public as to what it wanted in the personal mobility area. Since then, 35 million Chinese citizens have visited the site, and 210,000 innovative personal mobility designs and ideas have been contributed. The People's Car process was refined somewhat this year, taking the many ideas from the crowd sourcing process, then refining them by taking the ideas to TADRI and formulating a game plan for how to distill them into the most meaningful end result.
In this year's process, TADRI worked with Volkswagen to identify and define the parameters of the vehicle – a seven-seat MPV designed for the now traditional Chinese family of four grandparents, two parents and one child. The parameters then formed the basis of a student design competition held between the students of two of China's most respected design institutions (Tsinghua University and the China Central Academy of Fine Arts) to give the concept shape.
The best designs were then further enhanced by VW's design team in China plus TADRI, with a pop star (Zhou Bichang) and film director (Jia Zhangke) thrown into the mix, presumably for a bit of marketing collateral. In the world where internet and social communication is key to engaging with the next generation, surely the crowd sourcing concept is the most dignified and sincere vision possible – a company seeking to develop and nurture a meaningful dialogue with its customers. For most of the last century, the shape and function of cars sold globally has been dictated by the needs of the American marketplace. Hence Volkswagen is ideally placed to leverage its privileged position in China and take advantage of the new communications revolution to communicate directly with its massive audience.
Volkswagen was the first overseas car company to set up in China 30 years ago, as 50 percent partner with the Chinese Government.
As the first, best known, and top selling brand in a country where car ownership levels are roughly equivalent to those in America at the end of WW1, Volkswagen is almost assured of success regardless of what it does.
The end result of the second iteration of the People's Car Project is very impressive and highly relevant, resulting in the scaled model on display at Auto Shanghai. The 4FUN is a seven-seat electric vehicle with wireless charging underneath and a solar panel roof adding energy from above. One of the most interesting aspects of the vehicle is its ability to display emotions externally with lighting and instead of the static corporate design language which helps us to recognize a BMW from a Mercedes Benz at a distance, the pseudo human visage of the 4FUN, will be animate, using lights to communicate the emotions of those within.
This external display of emotion using lighting has been seen several times before, most notably in a series of Toyota concepts such as the PM (pictured above) and POD (pictured below), a decade ago, and even patented a technology for cars to express the driver's feelings, but it's interesting that this time, the ability to express emotion externally on one's vehicle appears to have come as a suggestion from the masses, not the designers.
As essentially a car for family outings, the 4FUN makes significant use of leading edge information technologies, being fully internet connected, and also offering an augmented reality capability to the car's occupants via transparent screens that swivel down from the roof. The minimalist seating in the car is seating is reconfigurable courtesy of an ingenious mounting system – the seats are suspended from the roof, not mounted on the floor as with conventional vans. Tongji University has long been a global leader in the development of fuel cell systems, and although very few details were released regarding the purple Volare Roadster which graced the TADRI stand at Auto Shanghai, rest assured the internals would have been very special. Tongji fuel cell cars competed in the Michelin Challenge Bibendum in 2004 (finishing in the top 10 percent of fuel cell vehicles by any measure) and in the 2006 Bibendum, a Tongji-designed FCV delivered the best fuel economy of the class. Tongji worked in conjunction with Volkswagen and SAIC to develop the Passat Lingyu and Roewe vehicles which were part of the Energy Partnership Berlin and California Fuel Cell Partnership demonstration initiatives and were used to ferry guests at the 2008 Beijing Olympics and Shanghai Expo 2010.
The subsequent formation of TADRI and its intensive collaboration with the Clean Energy Vehicle Engineering Center in developing automotive hydrogen fuel cells is just a small part of the role TADRI will play in China's coming hydrogen economy. The Volare is known to have a newly developed hydrogen fuel cell – we just don't know any details.
The TADRI IEV was also one of the many cars on stands around Auto Shanghai that had a scarcity of information available.
The IEV is just one of many designs TADRI has been working on in this area, and several such designs, one very similar to Toyota's i-REAL prototype, were pictured in TADRI literature.
Like the Toyota PM prototype of a decade ago, it angles backwards to create a longer wheelbase at speed, giving it greater stability, while standing more upright at lower speeds to reduce its footprint.
Put the Tongji name in your memory banks – it will become increasingly relevant whenever personal mobility is discussed in coming years. Find out about the different kinds of Chinese last names and their origins.The last names that are used by many of the Chinese people today actually belong to the Han Chinese and the Sinicized Chinese ethnic groups. One last name could be considered to be a family name whilst the other was the name of the clan or tribe.
At the times predating the Warring States Period last names were only used by the royal family and the aristocrat class. The royal last names known as Xing have vanished over time with only a couple of them remaining. This showed their allegiance to that particular state and helped to form an ethnic identity. This means China has been aggressively hoarding gold for the past three and a half years without issuing an official peep about where its inventory stands now. What is known, and what is relevant, is that at Friday's closing price 458.6 tons of gold translates into over $25 billion worth of gold imports.
If, as ZH has pointed out, the operation twist is now showing a cumulative 70%+ UST are owned by FED, its ability to QE bigtime (1Trillion outlay of monetisation) is hampered. The real power has been at the BIS for 90+ years and even THAT is a front for private parties. Why did the BIS not retract or at least modify Basel II after seeing the devastation it had caused? Skousen helps the reader to comprehend what Quigley has written and discern Quigley’s biases.
What better way to do it then to rob your citizens of their property while giving them "market value?" That is how Ben could compete with the Chinese to make sure the US continues to receive oil.
Sweden (or ZH's great inspiration Iceland for that matter) doesn't go off the fiscal cliff because of wellfare.
Like all the boating accidents with Gold & Silver - it is none of YOUR fucking business (I keep forgetting folks here know nothing of running businesses - they just feed off em).
The actual symbol or word family is usually tattooed in a unique way by the personal who has decided to express how important family is to them. You can download and obtain the Chinese Names Tattoos images by click the download button below to get multiple high-res versions.
They also know how to calm your worry so you will not be afraid of going through the tattoo process. Much like a designer, the body becomes your canvas, and every part of your body costs nothing to get the tattoo design of your choosing.
It is one of the most visible sections of the body (assuming you cannot often wear long sleeves) and, more importantly, anything goes.

The true secret here is to decide on a body art which is small, and very easy to find out, as being a star or possibly a heart. People want to switch their accessories constantly, but for those that simply like seeing some color on the wrists, a great place to secure a design.
Tummy is where that many men acquire larger tattoo designs - as well as an area of skin utilized as extra time for another piece of artwork that stretches across the human body. But the rear of the neck is a superb location for a star, a cross, and other symmetrical designs. Well the same with tattoo designs, the place that the waist line might be decorated in multiple ways in which are both sexy and artistic. Most of the day you've socks on, and the skin tone of one's feet often doesn't match a bad tone of one's legs, which see more sun. Full designs that go over an entire finger are incredibly intriguing, but be certain and determine the way they change the way both your look whenever you complete one.
A serenity tattoo, like all tattoos, will have a different meaning for each person that is individual only to them, but a common meaning in each serenity tattoo is something that shows peace and tranquility…. TADRI was established in 2009 as a key to the Chinese (and Shanghai's Municipal) Government plan to create a center of automotive expertise that is intended to give the Chinese automotive industry a competitive edge – think of TADRI as China's automotive equivalent to America's MIT.
The people who get to Tongji University are the best, and the employees of TADRI are the best of the best graduates plus foreign experts of the highest ilk in their relevant fields.
For much of the twentieth century, China's global presence has been on the rise, but since economic reforms in 1978, its economy has relentlessly grown to become the second largest in the world, and it is expected to become the largest within a decade.
The car parks of China's technology and manufacturing companies are full of cars which reflect the personal worth and dignity of a generation craving what its parents did not have – foreign cars. Indeed, China has more than 2000 electric bike manufacturers, and accounts for more than 80 percent of the world electric bike market. No parking, no registration and because road laws are largely ignored (a 20 mph silent projectile will often catch you unawares and most disconcertingly, from any direction, on either side of the road and sometimes the footpath too), these electric bikes are being legislated against in many environs (to little effect). Traditional-size cars are already creating massive problems across China, and the next generation of Chinese personal mobility will be smaller and more efficient.
China already consumes more oil than any country but America, and within the next year or two, it will consume more than the entire EU each year. TADRI and its growing expertise will be key to finding personal transportation technologies which reduce China's dependence on foreign oil reserves.
For much of the next half century, it will be dictated by the countries that don't already have motorized personal transportation – China, Brazil, Russia, India and most of the countries of Asia.
It's worth remembering that globally, the automobile has NEVER outsold the bicycle, and all those people who could afford nothing better than a bicycle for personal transport, may not see the wisdom in buying a big, costly four-seater. In a country brimming with national pride, Volkswagen is on dangerous ground if it continues to treat the Chinese public as naive and uneducated. It may have taken a long time for that investment to pay dividends, but it is now paying more than handsomely. These semi-transparent information screens don't obstruct the view, but carry relevant information on the surroundings of the vehicle dependent on location. Tongji oversaw the entire fuel cell fleet of buses, cars, delivery vehicles, street sweepers etc., that was used for Shanghai Expo 2010.
TADRI is working on every level of the Chinese and Shanghai Government plans, from the promotion of fuel cell and hybrid vehicles, the design and building of prototype hydrogen refueling stations, to the technical development of fuel cells for automotive usage. I spent time speaking with the engineers on the stand at Shanghai, and though many of the capabilities of the IEV have been kept purposefully vague, mainly because they are forever changing and evolving, I was left in no doubt that the IEV is a very important project with significant implications for the future of transport in China (and hence, for the rest of the world's urban areas too). When we speak of Chinese last names we are actually talking about a geographical area that covers mainland China along with Taiwan and a few other close by communities. The purpose of adding this last name was to help distinguish between the lineages of the nobles and the lower classes.
Amongst the six popular Xing last names the only ones to be found today are Yoa and Jiang which can be commonly found amongst the Chinese masses. Examples of such names include Wu, Song, Tan and Chen which are still found amongst the Chinese masses today. Others would be given a special last name due to the senior position that they held within a clan. Lee, Lau, Yang, Chang, Chao and Wong are some of the most commonly heard Chinese last names. In July, Chinese gold imports from HK, after two months of declines, have picked up once more and hit a 3-month high of 75.8 tons. I've long said Goldman, JPM and even the FED can all be sacrificed on the altar of public perception if it means ushering in the NWO one world currency.
Thomas Jefferson called them “bold and bankrupt adventurers just pretending to have money.” Except for coins, all of our money is now created as loans advanced by private banking institutions — including the privately-owned Federal Reserve. Last seen riding off into the sunset on horseback one pure White Stallion and one Palameno. Bernanke and Greenspan just kept the ball rolling for as long as foreigners were willing to play ball (at gunpoint of the US military, fooled into buying in into US bubbles or otherwise). Common tattoos symbols or the word family correlate with the symbol of a tree or tree of life using the individual member’s initial on the branches, the word family used with the infinity symbol, the first names of each member in the family done in unique colors in a circular shape. If this is your first time having tattoo, the tattoo artist at will help you with having your first tattoo experience positive. For people who love tattoos but have never yet decided on seeking to of these body to have their next tat design, listed here is a set of the 25 best places to obtain a tattoo, as well as a few options for your upcoming design. Split up into something too complicated, it's to other people as if you do have a pores and skin problem. From the dictionary, blessed has meaning held in reverence, venerated, honored in worship, bringing pleasure, contentment or good fortune. China is unquestionably about to reclaim its title as the most most powerful country on earth. In many cities, they are also used by the police and many remote cities, they form the basis of taxi services. Certain last names were handed over to individuals, clans or families by the royal decree of the emperor. The fact that China had a huge population of peasants which means all the more commoners, is the reason we find these surnames to be present to date. We won't know for sure until the official disclosure which will come when China is ready and not a moment earlier, but at the current run-rate of accumulation which is just shy of 1,000 tons per year, it is certainly within the realm of possibilities that China is now the second largest holder of gold in the world, surpassing Germany's 3,395 tons and second only to the US. Was the goal to create so much economic havoc that the world would rush with relief into the waiting arms of the BIS with its privately-created global currency?
Also this just in, reports are coming in about the two strangers as they where leaving the Casino people could here one of the thieves say, as they rode off into the sunset, Hi Oh SILVER AWAAAAAAAAY. The alternative being economic collapse (due to price inflation of oil and all the knock on effects thereof). Flaming hearts, skulls, passion for your mom - the world's your oyster for the artwork you choose. Frequently women place a small tattoo above the breast, rather than nearly anything elaborate. It is simple to decorate your wrist area with a tattoo design, offering you essentially a perpetual bracelet that will not be lost and will always be contributed to.
So why not decorate these with a stylish little bit of artwork you could exhibit to others? China already has more than 120 such cities and while the rich drive cars, the man in the street uses an electric bike. What he added is that the sound performance of China’s economy during the crisis boosted demand for yuan.
To find the interest, new loans must continually be taken out, expanding the money supply, inflating prices — and robbing you of the value of your money. Take care what you can get, as sagging can completely ruin an intricate design, and that is a great deal more common on women than men. This was also more or less known, although with the Yuan peg it is somewhat difficult to determine objectively. What's the point of prepping and agonizing all the time if you can't love life now and then?

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