23 out of 79 (29%) think tanks from Latin America identified in the University Of Pennsylvania study have programs, projects or publications (PPPs) relating to climate change. Brazil has the highest total number of think tanks (7) with PPPs on climate change. Latin American think tanks can play a vital role in building a new narrative for climate action and ensuring its place on political agendas, party manifestos and government policy. Governments in Latin America could do a better job at ensuring the inclusion of think tanks and other organizations in the formulation, implementation and monitoring of climate policies and related debates. A report focusing on the details of these PPPs would make an important contribution to allow fellow think tanks, researchers, donors, government and NGOs to compare research findings and to locate potential partners on climate change. Organizations that conduct work on climate change but do not explicitly state the link on their websites may consider updating the descriptions of these programs and be more explicit about any PPPs relevant to climate change. With the increasing frequency and intensity of climate impacts, natural scientists are certainly being kept busy with climate research. The University of Pennsylvania’s (UPenn) 2012 report on the world’s top think tanks includes 79 organizations from Latin America. We outline our methods, document the results, discuss their significance and end with some conclusions and recommendations regarding think tanks in Latin America and climate change.
Using the UPenn report exclusively as a guide we gathered the names of all 79 Latin American think tanks listed as ‘top’ think tanks. We then created an initial list of all those think tanks that yielded results for the keywords search.
This analysis is based on an Internet search and due to time and resource constraints is not exhaustive. During our investigation we discovered that some think tanks may show up with references to our keywords, but this does not necessarily mean they have PPPs on climate change. Alternatively, some think tanks may have programs with important climate-related aspects (e.g. We hope to contact those organisations working on climate change to obtain further details about their activities. Mexico: 4 out of the 19 TTs identified in the UPenn study (21%) had results for the key word search.
Out of 79 TTs, 5 (6.5%) had a related program such as on the environment but did not explicitly label climate change or global warming. Central and South America have a higher proportion of think tanks (38%) that matched the keyword search than Mexico (21%).
El Salvador, Honduras, Paraguay and Venezuela all had one or more think tanks in the UPenn list. The following countries did not appear in the UPenn list at all: Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Nicaragua, Belize, and Puerto Rico. For our purposes, the UPenn study was only quite useful compared to a regionally focused study on Latin America with research programs and agendas outlined in detail. On the Intercambio Climatico website we include a list of think tanks and research institutes with PPPs on climate change.
However, there were some notable absences from the UPenn study: Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (Belize), Centro Agronomico Tropical de Investigacion y Ensenanza (Costa Rica), Centro del Agua del Tropico Humedo para America Latina y El Caribe (Panama), Programa Salvadoreno de Investigacion sobre Desarrollo y Medio Ambiente (El Salvador), Vitae Civilis (Brazil) y Consorcio de Investigacion Economica y Social (Peru).
In addition, only two out of seventeen members of the Latin American Platform on Climate – Fundacao Getulio Vargas (Brazil) and Fundacion Ambiente y Recursos Naturales (Argentina) – are included in the UPenn study.
One possible reason why these think tanks can be found on the Intercambio Climatico list and not the UPenn study may result from the lack of visibility of these organisations. However we concede that some organizations may have very good relations with policy makers and place less emphasis on a detailed website as this is not required for them to influence policymakers. As Enrique Mendizabal suggests, the concept of a think tank in Latin America is not accepted by all the organisations that can be described as think tanks.
Others reasons may relate to the criteria for including think tanks outlined in the UPenn report such as the scale of a think tank’s operations and its audience.
Colon et al (2011) argue that research capacity on issues of climate change is highly uneven in Latin America: there is a lack of resources available and many universities do not offer training. Colon et al (2011) also point out that there appears to be significantly more work on climate adaptation and vulnerability than on mitigation.

This study identifies that 29% (click here for the list) of the top think tanks from Latin America according to the UPenn study have programs, projects or publications on climate change.
One area of particular priority is the importance of strong domestic narratives on climate change.
Since Latin America’s total emissions account for roughly 11% of the global total, an idea pervades that the region can let others take care of the bulk of emission reductions. Latin American countries should do a better job in communicating their successes on climate action as many countries have shown early leadership by imposing voluntary emission reduction goals.
As Monica Araya suggests, Latin American countries need a new “why” for climate action as the region lacks a convincing story on climate that works for mainstream politicians. Despite the limited number of think tanks identified in this study, there is some very important, timely and critical research being produced on climate change in the region by a range of domestic, regional and international state and non-state actors. At the same time Latin American governments are engaging in detailed policy discussions and conducting their own research on ways to tackle climate change and attempting to implement climate policies. A report by the Latin American Platform on Climate Change (2012) on climate policies in 10 countries in the region analyzes the level of their implementation and political support.
The issues highlighted in the Platform’s report suggest that think tanks with successful experiences of influencing policy and agenda setting are highly relevant to the challenges facing climate change policy. In conclusion, 29% of the Latin American think tanks included in the UPenn study do conduct some work on climate change. Climate impacts in Latin America will continue to cause devastation if global emissions go unchecked. Fundacion Futuro Latinoamericano (2008) Consultation to Assess Regional Priorities, Capabilities and Research Gaps on Climate Change and poverty Reduction in Latin America and the Caribbean, Quito: FFLA.
The Nobel Prize currently recognizes significant international contributions in categories of Peace, Physics, Chemistry, Medicine and Literature. Above photos from the respective floors of the New York Stock Exchange and the Shanghai Stock Exchange.
Taking into account the rising interest in climate change across the region and the case for it to be tackled across government and other sectors, we undertook this study to identify which of the 79 think tanks conduct research on climate change. We visited the websites of each one and carried out a keyword search for ‘cambio climatico’ and ‘calentamiento global’ and in Portuguese ‘mudancas climaticas’ and ‘aquecimento global’ for the Brazilian entries. Our second step was to take this list and ascertain which think tanks have programs, projects or publications (PPPs) related to climate change. We were only able to look at think tanks mentioned in the UPenn list and not other recognized lists of think tanks in the region. In the meantime, we would like any think tank or organization to get in touch with Intercambio Climatico  or leave a comment if you do conduct work on climate change in the region and feel you should have been included in our study. We also found that the UPenn study did not contain a number of Latin American organisations that we believe should have made the cut. In this case we found some entries that are present in both the UPenn and Intercambio’s lists such as Centro Mexicano de Derecho Ambiental and Grupo FARO. Yet, a more detailed and user friendly website would help those organizations be even more effective in disseminating their research and influencing policy discussions with actors further afield. Think tanks in the region are a diverse group and represent NGOs, centres for academic research, research consultants, political or partisan research centres and political groups, among others.
There are probably numerous other organizations in the region producing important research on climate change that are not present in any list.
Taking into account that the Inter-American Development Bank suggests economic damages in the region caused by climate impacts are estimated to increase and reach US$100 billion annually by 2050, the gravity of the issue suggests that more think tanks could make important contribution to developing research and knowledge on this issue.
There is a misplaced assumption that global climate policy is less relevant to domestic debates. However, this perspective is misguided: some Latin American countries are in an excellent position to lead the race for low carbon growth. This leadership can build confidence and create momentum towards greater ambition on emissions reductions at the UN climate talks.
The debate against the high-carbon economy cannot be won unless the battle for a low-carbon shift becomes a political battle that is fought at elections.
However, how this research is being utilized beyond academic conferences, workshops and closed government meetings and being successfully communicated, taken up, and debated by policy makers and implemented is unclear.

These processes are often conducted behind closed doors without the participation of non-state actors such as think tanks. Think tanks could contribute to the next round of reports on climate policies envisaged by the Platform and offer valuable insights on the conclusions of the latest reports. Given the dominance of other research topics including democracy, development and economics, this number is perhaps understandable.
Latin American countries are not passive bystanders, but rather have vital experiences and ideas to offer. In this brief study, we attempt to identify which think tanks are producing research on climate change in Latin America.
In addition, if any think tank mentioned in our study would like to get in touch,  please do.
Work on the impacts of climate change emerges as one of the greatest concentrations of research activity, while dedicated programs of research on links to development, poverty or social exclusion are sparse.
The latter is often covered by research on transportation, energy and housing but not directly or explicitly linked to a climate change agenda.
On the contrary, the domestic agenda may in fact be more significant and could be the jumping off point for greater progress at the UN climate talks, which could entail major implications for the region. If they stand aside then this may undermine vital opportunities to develop sustainably in the future when Latin America’s emissions will also be higher as energy demand surges and the middle class continues to grow. At home, it is crucial to discuss low-carbon, climate resilient strategies in ways that increase their public appeal, interest from investors in low carbon growth and government policy and legislative action. Greater effort by government to include think tanks in the region is required in order to open additional avenues for the exchange of knowledge and ideas. The report reveals that climate policies are weakly integrated with development policies and the issue is still marginal on domestic policy agendas. As Edwards (2010) and FFLA (2008) point out, there is a need for greater research on institutions and governance relevant to climate change in relation to decision-making and issues of inter-institutional coordination. Think tanks in the region can play a greater role on climate change and positively contribute to national, regional and global debates. As Colon et al (2011) suggest, many organizations may claim to have a program on some aspect of climate change, but further details are not provided making it difficult to verify the extent of research. Some have adopted the label for financial reasons, as their donors seem to prefer financing think tanks. However, with emissions on the rise due to a growing middle class and increased energy demand, climate change researchers could make important contributions here. As E3G’s John Ashton suggests securing the next global treaty on climate change in 2015 will not be achieved by negotiators at the UN talks but by politicians back home.
Latin American think tanks with positive experiences of promoting political narratives for elections could make vital contributions to help generate ideas for this new narrative that embraces a vision for climate action that is consistent with notions of prosperity.
The report describes a widespread recognition of the valuable role of citizen participation: various climate plans and programs include some type of mechanism or institution for societal participation in the process for formulating or monitoring these policies – although there are great disparities between them and their level of implementation. Again, we invite any think tank in Latin America working on climate change either mentioned or not to get in touch or leave a comment below. Greater collaboration is required and the experience of these think tanks could be vital for other organizations and governments seeking to increase action against climate change.
There may be cases where think tanks do conduct work on climate change but due to insufficient information on their websites we were unable to confidently include them here. There are many who behave more like NGOs than research centres and yet still carry out many or all of the organizational and functional characteristics of the centres recognised as think tanks elsewhere i.e. Some think tanks do purport to have PPPs on climate change but this differs wildly between think tanks. It was beyond the scope of this study to analyze the size or extent of PPPs on climate change.

Meet cute guys online uk
Dating online free indonesia
What guys want for valentines day 2013 zippy
Promo web templates

Comments to «Conversation topics climate change»

  1. Torres writes:
    Will have 1 less desirable about women offers the opportunity.
  2. Diabolus666 writes:
    Our biology as male human beings.
  3. X5_Oglan writes:
    Males are determined, hard-functioning partners say guys are insights and inspirational guidance. May.

2015 Make video presentation adobe premiere pro | Powered by WordPress