Dried human excrement dating back 14,300 years and recently recovered from Oregon's Paisley Caves is apparently the oldest evidence of human DNA ever found in the Americas.
Some fossilized human feces, better known as coprolites, were exhumed by a team of archaeologists led by Dennis Jenkins from the University of Oregon. The fossilized samples were confirmed to be a thousand years older than the Clovis civilization, a Paleo-Indian people that used to reside in New Mexico around 11,500 years ago. This ancient site has provided some pivotal information on how the first settlers in North America spread out across the continent, said Jenkins. According to Eske Willerslev, director of the Center for Ancient Genetics from the University of Copenhagen, this evidence indigenous to the Paisley caves is probably the oldest form of human DNA evidence discovered in North America.
He adds there were other pre-Clovis sites but non-organic material was usually recovered in these archaeological sites. Archaeologists said the origin of these coprolites is still unclear and they still haven't confirmed from which ethnic group it belongs to. After the coprolites were tested in two independent labs, Jenkins and his team discovered these samples contained organic material similar to coyote, wolf and even red fox. The team also found indigenous threads and plant fibers that provide more evidence of basketry, along with ropes, cords and wooden pegs in the Paisley cave system.. 2NBA Trade Rumors: Sixers swap Jahlil Okafor, top pick to Bulls for Jimmy Butler, Nikola Mirotic, 14th pick predicted this summer?
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6a€?Fifty Shades Darkera€™ Release Date, Cast, News & Update: Jamie Dornan, Dakota Johnson Affair Delays Movie? Mesoamerica was the civilizations and cultures that inhabited the pre-Columbian Americas, before the 16th and 17th centuries,when the Spanish colonized the regions. Mesoamerica, meaning "Middle America", streches from Mexico to Honduras and Costa Rica, located in Central America. A various cluster of pre-Columbian cultures in North America, known as the "Mound Builders" included the Mississipian culture, which inhabited Midwestern, Eastern, Southeastern united states, while others inhabited the Great Lakes and Ohio.
Beneath Mesoamerica the Andes and Amazon regions flourished in Pre-Columbian South America, including the Inca Empire, which streched from Peru to the Andes Mountains in Chile, to the warrior tribe of the Jivaros, Chibchas, Caral, Cambeba, Chavin,Valdivia and Polynesian explorers.
Mesoamerica was 3000 year period in Central America that containted various civilizations and cultures sharing common beliefs technology and art styles. 800 years older than human footprints discovered in a cave on nearby Haida Gwaii dating to about 12,500 years ago. We are a world-leading site on ancient astronauts, ancient mysteries, exploration of secret ancient worlds and forbidden knowledge.
Centuries ago a hunter-gatherer trekked across the desert in search of food and left behind just a single pair of perfectly preserved prints.


The prints were originally discovered when the Mexican Federal Highway 30 was built across the Chihuahuan Desert.They were found encased in stone meaning excavators could remove them in a single piece and store them at a local museum.
Researchers additionally found tracks dating back around 7,250 years, pictured, in the nearby Cuatro Cienegas basin.
The views expressed in the contents above are those of our users and do not necessarily reflect the views of MailOnline. From Peru to Chile, travel to the origin of this South American specialty to discover what exactly what makes it so appealing. In Rudyard Kipling's 1889 book From Sea to Sea - a collection of the author's letters and travel reports - he described Pisco as, "the highest and noblest product of the age," and "composed of cherubs' wings, the glory of tropical dawn, the red clouds of sunset, and fragments of lost masterpieces by dead poets". Pisco runs deep into Peruvian history with its roots dating all the way back to the sixteenth century. The name of this drink is believed to have derived from the word pisqu, the Quechua name for a bird that's found in the Ica Valley, which could have been the inspiration when potters named the region's clay pots in which the liquor was stored piskos, leading on to the liquor being named Pisco. Pisco grew in popularity until its great decline in the twentieth century, but luckily it has now made its comeback, once again becoming Peru's great pride. Brent goes on to explain what makes the Pisco in Peru so appealing: "Peruvian Pisco must be made in particular regions and can only be made from eight distinctive grape varietals," he explains.
Each year, on the first Saturday in February, Peru celebrates National Pisco Sour Day with events in Lima and around the Pisco producing region, while the fourth Sunday of every July is Dia del Pisco - a day that's dedicated to Pisco in its pure form. All year round, visitors to Cusco and Arequipa can stop by Museo del Pisco to develop a greater appreciation for the liquor. The museum gives visitors an insight into the history of Pisco, how it's produced - from crushing and pressing the grapes to the fermentation and distillation - and how to mix both classic and contemporary Pisco cocktails, as well as tasting neat Pisco to fully appreciate its qualities from the appearance to the aroma and taste, just like in wine tasting.
Co-Founder Adam Weintraub tells us: "Pisco is completely underrated by the general public, both in Peru and Chile, as well as abroad. It's the creativity and technical skill that makes the Pisco in Peru outstanding explains Adam.
Bodega El Catador gives tours and tastings, while the Ocucaje distillery has a number of award winning Piscos for visitors to try.
While it's now the general consensus that Pisco originates from Peru, the liquor is also deeply rooted in Chilean culture with the Spanish Conquistadors venturing onto Chilean soil in the sixteenth century too, and just the right terroir in the north for its production. The Elqui Valley of Coquimbo - where astronomers famously come for the clear night skies - is the heart of Chile's Pisco production, so there are a number of vineyards and distilleries to visit. Pisco Sour is Peru's national drink, they believe was invented by the barman Victor Morris, back in the 1920s.
Shake the Pisco, sugar syrup, lime juice and egg whites with ice, then strain into a glass.
After studying the composition the coprolites, archaeologists were able to deduce these people were probably Siberians or Eastern Asians because of their diet.


Although Mesoamerica commonly refers to Central and South America, the term has also been used to describe Anasazi and theMound Builders of North America. Mesoamerica contained various civilizations, dating as early as 1500 BCE, the arrival of the Olmec Civilization, the Toltec, who founded many aspects of the Aztec Culture, aswell as the Mayan Chichen Itza, the Teotihuacan, the Zapotec, the Mixtec, and the Totonac.
These cultures began at earilest 3000 BCE, and lasted until the 16th century, building large burial mounds around 3500 BCE, approx. The prints were originally found in the Cuatro Cienegas Basin of Mexico back in 1961 but researchers from Durham University have now managed to pinpoint when the steps would have been made.
This white brandy of Peruvian origin is the result of distilling grapes from the arid Andean terrain into a high-proof spirit. In 1532, when Peru was ruled by the Incas, Spanish Conquistadors arrived to conquer the nation. But, it could also have been named after the valley's port town of Pisco that shipped the liquor to Lima. Brent recommends The Portonero as an alternative to the classic Pisco Sour that's considered Peru's national drink: "The Portonero is a riff on the Peruvian favourite, the Chilcano," he says, "Mix Porton, ginger ale or ginger beer, fresh lime juice and a few drops of Angostura bitters for a light and refreshing cocktail. Established by three 'Pisqueros', Museo del Pisco was created out of the founders' great passion for Pisco and the desire to share their knowledge. However, among people who enjoy scotch, tequila and other high-end spirits, it is a well-appreciated drink.
Bodegas Vinas de Oro also welcomes in vistors, with a cocktail bar where you can sample the drink in a number of ways. And, while Peru insists Pisco can only be from the original region in the Ica Valley - similar to the provenance of Champagne - internationally, the Atacama and Coquimbo in Chile are also recognized as Pisco producing regions. The idyllic village of La Union was even renamed Pisco Elqui in honor of the famous tipple. It is thought the prints date back some 10,550 years and may have belonged to a member of the Coahuiltecans group of Indians that inhabited the region. Copyright of certain images and virtual tours by Pro Search Plus, LLC.All hotels are independently owned and operated. Pisco Porton is made at Hacienda La Caravedo - the oldest distillery in the Americas, dating back to 1684 - where you can tour the vineyards, as well as the traditional distillery. 1500 BCE, to the Aztec Empire, which ended during the 16th century, Mesoamerican civilizations flourished within the Americas, along side the Incans and other South American civilizations, the Mississippian Mound Builder civilization and Adena Civilization of North America, and the Anasazi and pueblo civilizations of the South Western portions of North America.
So much was produced that the region became the continent's dominant wine producer throughout the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, but with the region's arid Andean terroir, the grapes were much better suited to the spirit that later became known as Pisco.



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