According to Centers for Disease Control, apart from non-melanoma skin cancer, breast cancer is the most common cancer among women in the United States. According to a latest study conducted at a commercial DNA testing service, women with larger breast size are more prone to developing breast cancer.
The study involved 16000 women participants, all of European Origin, who were asked to determine the cup size of their breasts between smaller than AAA and larger than DDD. Earlier researches have linked more amount of non-fat tissue in the breasts to an increased risk of cancer but there wasn't any study linking cancer with breast size till date. The scientists looked through the genetic code of the women participants and studied millions of tiny mutations in their DNA, called single-nucleotide polymorphisms.
The researchers found that the genetic mutations associated with breast size were also linked to the disease. A major drawback of the study is that the study has not considered the women's age, pregnancy and breastfeeding history and genetic ancestry. Little is known about the biology of breast size, which scientists believe is only half hereditary, but high oestrogen levels are known to be a risk factor for breast cancer, reports Mail Online. Earlier studies have suggested that women with higher breast density are at five times higher risk of contracting the disease than others, however, the reason behind same is not clear. Eriksson emphasized that the research results may serve other researchers interested in the possible connection between breast size and cancer risk. Workaholics Not Safe From ADHD, Anxiety DisordersMost of us are often told to work hard since they will reap benefits in the end.
4 Google Nexus 2016 Release Date, Specs & Prices: Next Gen Nexus Smartphone To Launch In Q4 2016? 1 Google Nexus 2016 Release Date, Specs & Prices: Next Gen Nexus Smartphone To Launch In Q4 2016? Gallbladder removal surgery, medically known as cholecystectomy, is a surgical procedure performed when the gallbladder does not function properly or if the presence of gallstones causes health problems [1]. Formation of gallstones is considered as one of the most common problems affecting the digestive system.


These hard crystal-like substances are formed whenever there is excessive cholesterol present in the bile, or when the gallbladder fails to completely empty its contents.
Once the gallbladder is removed, the bile flows through the common bile duct directly from the liver to the small intestine. The gallbladder removal surgery can be performed in two ways: open cholecystectomy and laparoscopic cholecystectomy. After the patient falls asleep, the surgeon starts the procedure by making a 6-inch cut in the upper right side of the abdomen. Open gallbladder removal is only done when laparoscopic cholecystectomy cannot be performed. In some cases, laparoscopic surgeries need to be switched to an open surgery, which may be due to an unexpected inflammation, scar tissue, injury, or bleeding.
Gallbladder removal can also cause the sphincter of Oddi, the regulatory valve between the duodenum, bile duct, and pancreatic duct, to become dysfunctional.
A dysfunctional sphincter of Oddi can also cause bile to build up in the pancreatic duct and pancreas, which leads to severe inflammation of the pancreas or pancreatitis [8]. However, many more studies are needed before a cause and effect relationship can be established.
He suggested that a simple explanation for the findings could be that larger breast size means more cells that could become cancerous. Edith Perez, deputy director at large at the Mayo Clinic Cancer Center (who was not involved in the 23andMe research), the researchers also did not include other risk factors in the study such as alcohol use and breast density.
But has anyone told you about the downside like maybe tying up ADHD or anxiety disorders on workaholics? It serves as a storage organ for bile, a substance produced by the liver that aids in the breakdown of fats in food. The gallbladder is not a vital organ; hence, the body can still function well even without it.
There are non-surgical methods to remove gallstones, but the success rate of such procedures is low.


Surgical instruments, used to remove the gallbladder, such as lasers or electrocautery, are introduced in the other two slits.
A special dye is applied to the common bile duct, which aids in locating the gallbladder area. Without a storage organ, bile may accumulate which may weaken the liver and affect its functions in the long run.
Gallstones may also form again and build up in the bile ducts, causing pain and indigestion [7]. Upon ingestion of a fatty food, the gallbladder squeezes bile into the small intestine via small ducts. It also helps in finding gallstones outside the gallbladder which can also be removed using a special medical instrument. Patients who have undergone the surgery need to rest for 4 to 6 weeks before resuming to their normal activities. When the liver becomes weak, it cannot replenish the worn-out red blood cells, resulting in anemia. Patients also cannot tolerate several kinds of food anymore, such as milk and fatty or oily foods. However, she won't get the same insights by looking at her dad for his genetic contribution," Huffington Post reported.
In another slit, the laparoscope, or a small telescope with light and video camera, is injected. A temporary drain is then placed from the inside to the outside of the body, and the incision is closed afterwards.




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