Koshi Tappu Wildlife Camp, Koshi Tappu Wildllife Reserve, Nepal, Bird watching in nepal, Nepal Birds, Bird heaven paradise, Nature in nepal, Bird watching, birds life in nepal, nepal birds, nepal bird, birds of nepal, bird of nepal, safari in nepal, nepal safari, bird watching in nepal, bird watching tour in nepal, nature trek in nepal, koshi tappu wildlife reserve, koshi tappu wildlife camp, jungle safari in nepal, bird of asia, birds of asia, asia birds, asia bird, can find many birds in nepal, birding tour in nepal, bird watching paradise, lantang trek, trek in nepal, nepal trek, mt. Synagogue Visits In Istanbul.Jewish community have lived in the geographic area of Asia Minor for more than 2,400 years. There is an increasing possibility that the Bangudae Petroglyphs, which were the subject of the following call-to-arms in 2007, may be saved - not by draining the reservoir as I suggested here, since that might have revealed other panels, but by building a semi-circular dam around the rock face, as shown below in an artista€™s rendering from The Korea Herald (a€?Solution Still Out of Sight?a€? 20 Jan. This created a conservationista€™s nightmare because the raised water placed the petroglyphs right in the flood zone, where theya€™re scoured by sediments and flotsam and cyclically destabilized by soaking and drying. The most conservative solution is to build a coffer around the outcropping so it can be visited while its condition is re-stabilized. But, incredibly, the company squandered the perfect opportunity to find out what the valley really contained and even save the art panel when the firm realized, a few years ago, that it no longer needed the reservoira€™s water. The need for protective measures is so obvious and relatively cheap, with a coffer costing about the same as a subterranean parking garage, that you wouldna€™t think that local and national governments would need either reminders or a nudge.
Taking this a step further, it seems odd that no one has ever reported such art from Japan even though the Korean frieze is at the closest point to the archipelago and proves that the peninsulaa€™s seafaring whale hunters could have easily crossed the strait!
If anyone hears of more prehistoric rock art of this stature in Korea, Japan or anywhere else in northeast Asia, Ia€™d love to include it in a documentary that Ia€™m preparing about the Bangudae Petroglyphs and rock art around the northern Pacific rim. As it is, i??the documentary, which is tentatively called Save the Prehistoric Whales, will contain an hour of spectacular imagery - and call the world to arms! The panel of animal and human imagery begins with a rhinoceros that almost certainly dates it to the Upper Paleolithic of at least 13,000 years ago, when such animals disappeared from the peninsula, and ends with whales so detailed that we see their spouts, belly wrinkles, and the boats, floats and harpoons used to hunt them. So ita€™s all here a€“ the best imagery from the Paleolithic to the Neolithic - in an epic frieze that may be arranged to show a seasonal cycle of activities and renewal.
Could this procession led by a Pied Piper of Whales and followed by a crushed anthropomorph turning into a sea creature be the retelling of a mythical hunt? Or we could be on the brink of finding a cornucopia of unknown art if the reservoir is emptied a€¦. The possible discovery of more art would pose further, but hardly insurmountable, challenges.
Also, it is essential to note how magnetic prehistoric art can be in terms of tourism - the Ardeche Gorge, for example, now attracts 2.5 million tourists each summer with its promise of canoeing, hiking and a peek into humanitya€™s past. And, again, the Hyundai Corporation would be perfectly positioned to take the lead in saving and celebrating such marvels which would extend Koreaa€™s sense of its own cultural greatness while enhancing the companya€™s and countrya€™s reputation around the world.
Foreign museums, universities and related institutions can help in this endeavor by helping to celebrate this masterpiece while participating in calls to preserve it. When the team returned to the site the next spring to study the art in depth, they met another villager who told them there were more engravings nearby a€“ only they were submerged for the moment behind a dam.
Except for this lucky streak, Koreaa€™s greatest prehistoric masterpiece would have been lost a€“ perhaps forever. Although the panel obviously consists of several super-imposed levels of art, starting with large carnivores whose markings are clearly indicated and ending with marine mammals whose contours are usually completely pecked out, it is also evident that the panel is a whole. Our efforts, ranging from documentaries to exhibitions, to encourage and complement Korean projects to save the art will analyze the panela€™s myriad clues and a€?sub-textsa€? to reveal a surprising link to one of the greatest achievements of all time a€“ the spread of whale-hunting cultures across the Northern Pacific to the Americas! Every year a 6-meter-long array of petroglyphs portraying a wooly rhino, trapped tigers, and a cavalcade of whales reappears for three months from a reservoir in southeastern Korea - only to be re-submerged for another nine.
Taking this a step further, it seems odd that no one has ever reported such art fromA  Japan even though the Korean frieze is at the closest point to the archipelago and proves that the peninsulaa€™s seafaring whale hunters could have easily crossed the strait! As it is, the documentary, which is tentatively called Save the Prehistoric Whales, will contain an hour of spectacular imagery - and call the world to arms!
In 2007, I proposed solutions for saving the greatest single work of rock art from the regiona€™s common past. The possible discovery of more art would pose further, but hardly insurmountable, challenges.A  After all, the reservoir is fairly small and redundant a€“ never having been used for drinking water before a€“ and the upper part of the valley, without art, could still be dammed. The threatened wall is only the second major petroglyph discovered in South Korea.A  The first one a€“ a very different and probably more recent work a€“ was discovered on Christmas Day 1970 after a villager told museum surveyors looking for the ruins of Buddhist pagodas that hea€™d seen some curious engravings.
Please click on the following thumbnail photos, which Ia€™ve used as icons, to see the web pages or PDFs described in the captions. In the later Middle Ages, Ashkenazi Jews migrating to the Byzantine Empire and Ottoman Empire supplemented the original Jewish population of Asia Minor. The huge frieze was safely perched on the side of a valley for millennia, until the Hyundai Corporation built a dam in the 1970s to serve one of its factories - creating a reservoir that barely flooded the panel.

Not a single prehistoric petroglyph had been reported in Korea back then, so the salvage archaeologists who surveyed the valley never dreamed of looking at the rock faces.
Instead of seizing the opportunity to empty the valley and turn it into a park under its patronage, which could have earned it enormous goodwill worldwide, Hyundai actually decided to exacerbate the problem by make the barrage 2 meters higher so the reservoir could hold enough drinking water to tempt the city into taking the white elephant of a dam off the companya€™s hands.
Could it be that the Japanese havena€™t been looking hard enough because theya€™ve never associated their country with rock art - as was the case in Korea until so recently? Wea€™ll get caught in the spray of whales breaching in fiords, approach cliffs covered in other petroglyphs that prove that Koreaa€™s earliest artists belonged to a continuum of cultures that once spanned the northern Pacific, roam 16th century prints showing whale hunters cavorting in gore, and plunge into the iconography of the Bangudae Petroglyphs themselves, to catch the murmurs of ancient sagas.
Whale and seal bones and harpoons from a nearby shell midden suggest that the people who lived there from 7,000 to 3,500 years ago created the panela€™s spectacular depiction of sea mammals.
One has to go no farther than the first detail on the left a€“ a pod of 3 spouting whales seen in profile a€“ to be overwhelmed by the detail of this narrative window into the past - details like a baby whale protected between the first two whales and a man who appears to be standing in a boat attached to skin buoys linked by harpoon lines to the second and third whales.
Then, slightly to the right, comes a pelagic procession framed by two anthropomorphs: a priapic man holding something to his mouth at the top and a spread-eagled figure with flipper-sized fingers and toes at the bottom. In short, East Asia and all of humanity is in the process of losing the earliest epic from that part of the world. Construction was under way on a temporary dam upstream from the site so work could begin to raise the existing dam and reservoir level just 2 meters before Hyundai turned it over to the region for drinking water. The Coa Valley Archaeological Park receives more tourists during certain months than the guides can handle. I have resuscitated Prehistoric Art Emergency to centralize appeals and will gladly provide guidance.
Out of all of Korea, this one spot seems to have been chosen by prehistoric populations over thousands of years as they renewed its sacredness with imagery that they felt would complement older visions.
Hopefully our joint efforts will be enough to win this concentrated vision of East Asian prehistory the esteem it deserves a€“ and desperately needs - before ita€™s too late. The Coa Valley Archaeological Park receives more tourists during certain months than the guides can handle.A  On a sheer macro-economic level, it would obviously be disastrous for France, Portugal a€“ or Korea, for that matter a€“ to submerge their most enthralling prehistoric legacies. When the surveyors followed him and scraped aside some moss, they were astonished to find art so old that it had never been reported from Korea or Japan.
Kingfishers dive into the river looking for food, marsh muggers or Ghariyal crocodiles sunbathe. But the fact is their fate is still far from clear, since the proposal has hit a major regulatory hurdle. A more radical solution would be to condemn the dam, drain the reservoir, prospect for other engravings, which local old-timers say were drowned deeper in the valley, and turn the zone into an archaeological park that would draw tourists to Ulsan while providing Hyundai with the chance to become the far-sung patron of a world heritage site! A cast of the panel was made for the Gyeongju National Museum but the actual petroglyphs were left to their fate. Lee need all the support they can get to help persuade Koreaa€™s decision-making bodies to make the effort to find out what else has been drowned while taking urgent steps to protect the known panel.
Leea€™s plea and take the initiative to find out if the valley of the whales contains more wonders while saving the greatest rock art in northeast Asia! Wouldna€™t it be wonderful if someone were to find similar art on the other side of the strait - giving the two countries a piece of shared heritage that could help put their recent enmities into perspective? Was the biggest whale of them all a€“ an ancient Moby Dick a€“ killed, only to drag its killer into the deep? This provided the perfect opportunity both for surveying the valley while the reservoir was emptied to see if memories of other panels might be true and for building a coffer around the known panel that could double as the outer wall for a museum. This time their timing was perfect, the water level had fallen during the dry season and the panel stood exposed. Despite emigration during the 20th century, modern day Turkey continues a Jewish population.The present size of the Jewish Community is estimated at around 26,000 according to the Jewish Virtual Library.
What will it take to convince his more reticent peers - another international campaign like the one to save Foz Coaa€™s petroglyphs? Did these people like so many modern groups around the northern Pacific rim, believe in a submarine afterlife? All thata€™s obvious is that the narrative is as moving as a resounding opera in a language we will never quite understand. Hopefully, it is only a question - even now - of getting through to the right person, at which point this epic frieze - and perhaps even others that might exist deeper in the reservoir - may be finally celebrated in their natural context, and saved! Rav Izak Haleva, is assisted by a religious Council made up of a Rosh Bet Din and three Hahamim.

They are all heading upwards - with the exception of the biggest whale of them all, the only one shown upside down with belly wrinkles, like a cadaver. A bronze column found in Ankara confirms the rights the Emperor Augustos accorded the Jews of Asia Minor.Ottoman Period,1299 - 1492 As the Ottoman Empire expands more and more Jewish populations , mostly Romaniot ( Greek-speaking Jews who lived in the Roman Empire ) are incorporated into Ottoman lands. They are officially recognised as dhimmi,a protected non-Muslim community.1326 The Ottoman capture Bursa and make in their capital.
Indeed, Turkey could serve as a model to be emulated by any nation which finds refugees from any of the four corners of the world standing at its doors.In 1992, Turkish Jewry celebrated not only the anniversary of this gracious welcome, but also the remarkable spirit of tolerance and acceptance which has characterized the whole Jewish experience in Turkey. The events being planned - symposiums, conferences, concerts, exhibitions, films and books, restoration of ancient Synagogues etc - commemorated the longevity and prosperity of the Jewish community. As a whole, the celebration aimed to demonstrate the richness and security of life Jews have found in the Ottoman Empire and the Turkish Republic over seven centuries, and showed that indeed it is not impossible for people of different creeds to live together peacefully under one flag.,A History Predating 1492 The history of the Jews in Anatolia started many centuries before the migration of Sephardic Jews.
When the Ottomans captured Bursa in 1326 and made it their capital, they found a Jewish community oppressed under Byzantine rule. Sultan Orhan gave them permission to build the Etz ha-Hayyim (Tree of Life) synagogue which remained in service until nineteen forties.Early in the 14th century, when the Ottomans had established their capital at Edirne, Jews from Europe, including Karaites, migrated there.
In fact, from the early 15th century on, the Ottomans actively encouraged Jewish immigration. In 1537 the Jews expelled from Apulia (Italy) after the city fell under Papal control, in 1542 those expelled from Bohemia by King Ferdinand found a safe haven in the Ottoman Empire. Half a century later, 8070 Jewish houses were listed in the city.The Life of Ottoman Jews For 300 years following the expulsion, the prosperity and creativity of the Ottoman Jews rivalled that of the Golden Age of Spain. Another Portuguese Marrano, Alvaro Mendes, was named Duke of Mytylene in return of his diplomatic services to the Sultan.Salamon ben Nathan Eskenazi arranged the first diplomatic ties with the British Empire. As a result, leadership of the community began to shift away from the religious figure to secular forces.,,World War I brought to an end the glory of the Ottoman Empire. In 1926, on the eve of Turkey's adoption of the Swiss Civil Code, the Jewish Community renounced its minority status on personal rights.During the tragic days of World War II, Turkey managed to maintain its neutrality.
As early as 1933 Ataturk invited numbers of prominent German Jewish professors to flee Nazi Germany and settle in Turkey. Before and during the war years, these scholars contributed a great deal to the development of the Turkish university system. During World War II Turkey served as a safe passage for many Jews fleeing the horrors of the Nazism. While the Jewish communities of Greece were wiped out almost completely by Hitler, the Turkish Jews remained secure.
The vast majority live in Istanbul, with a community of about 2.500 in Izmir and other smaller groups located in Adana, Ankara, Antakya, Bursa, Canakkale, Kirklareli etc. There are about 100 Karaites, an independent group who does not accept the authority of the Chief Rabbi.Turkish Jews are legally represented, as they have been for many centuries, by the Hahambasi, the Chief Rabbi. Fifty Lay Counsellors look after the secular affairs of the Community and an Executive Committee of fourteen runs the daily matters. Representatives of Jewish foundations and institutions meet four times a year as a so-called ??think tank?? Some of them are very old, especially Ahrida Synagogue in the Balat area, which dates from middle15th century. The 15th and 16th century Haskoy and Kuzguncuk cemeteries in Istanbul are still in use today.,??The Museum of Turkish Jews??
Additionally, the Community maintains in Istanbul a school complex including elementary and secondary schools for around 700 students.
Turkish is the language of instruction, and Hebrew is taught 3 to 5 hours a week.,While younger Jews speak Turkish as their native language, the over-70-years-old generation is more at home speaking in French or Judeo-Spanish (Ladino). A bronze column found in Ankara confirms the rights the Emperor Augustus accorded the Jews of Asia Minor.Jewish communities in Anatolia flourished and continued to prosper through the Turkish conquest. Graetz, History of the JewsJewish communities in Anatolia flourished and continued to prosper through the Turkish conquest.

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