The methodology depicts a mixed method research, using quantitative surveys and semi structured interviews. The social world of banks and graduates upon which this study is based exists externally and are not related to the researcher; therefore they would be measured through objective methods rather than being inferred subjectively through reflection, sensation or intuition (Easterby-Smith, 2002). Due to the positivist nature of the research, this study would adopt a deductive approach (Saunders et al, 2007). The ability to gather primary data during this study was dependent on gaining access to an appropriate source within the organization. I contacted a friend of mine who currently works within graduate recruitment at Lloyds TSB, and discussed the prospects of my dissertation. Two separate yet parallel approaches would be utilized in this study, and are outlined in the table 1 below. Following the access grant to four members of the recruitment team within the organization, 15 – 20 minute qualitative telephone interviews were carried out. Also, members of the online recruitment team being interviewed had different positions within recruitment and handled separate tasks. Each respondent were asked for their consent to interview, prior to the interview sessions, and also requested not to have their names mentioned so as to prevent any form of organizational backlash if the contents of the study were interpreted in any other non-academic form, and distributed. Based on the research objectives and the issues to be investigated, it would have been most appropriate if all recruitment staffs within the organization were interviewed. The samples of graduates that were chosen to partake in the quantitative study are too small to constitute a probability sample of graduates within London or UK. In collecting data that could be analysed using quantitative means, Easterby-Smith et al (2008) claims that researchers could collect either primary or secondary data. The researcher therefore chose to collect primary data from 20 graduates using questionnaires distributed-in-person to each respondent. The quantitative data collected during the course of this study, whilst still in its raw form, is described by Saunders et al (2007) as being useless and conveying little information to most people. Yin (2002) suggests that in studies whereby the research question has been formulated based on the literature review; these theories that have been used in the postulation of the research question could also be used in analyzing the findings.
Based on these arguments, this study analyzed the qualitative findings using deductive methods. The pattern matching procedure, as postulated by Saunders et al, (2007), would be utilized in this deductive analysis.
Blumberg, et al (2005) describes ethics as referring to the appropriateness of one’s behaviour in relation to the rights of those who become the subject of a research project.
The company may be secretive about some aspects of its online recruitment, such as the quantity of graduates and marketing techniques to attract graduates, which it may not like its competitors to know about. Employees responding to semi structured interviews may not be so willing to discuss their personal opinion of the bank’s recruitment system, or the quality of graduates received through their channels, in case their response does not really conform to the brand and reputation that the organization is trying to build (for instance, the bank may pose as an equal opportunity organization that employs from diverse backgrounds, whereas they mostly only recruit students from top Oxbridge universities with a certain background). Apart from these ethical considerations, no other ethical dilemmas have been found with relation to this essay. Also, in terms of graduate questionnaires that have been distributed, some candidates may think that answering these questions and including personal details may impede or even benefit them when applying to said organizations.
The major limitation of this research would be gaining access to graduates who have gone through online recruitment systems and applied specifically to Lloyds TSB. The willingness and capacity of staff to answer questions with relation to graduate recruitment is also impeded. There is also a secondary limitation with regards to the experience of those staff that participate in the interviews.
One of the vital skills every researcher should possess is to effectively communicate research results and analytics to the public. Before you start writing your research paper keep in mind that people generally read research papers selectively. Writing a research paper in APA style is quite a task especially when the students have the additional burden of searching sources for their topics. The conclusion and reference pages will first have the title and then will have to be written according to the format prescribed. We can write research paper title page in APA style for you while writing the research paper as per your requirements.
Double spacing in the essay with 1 inch margins on all sides on a standard 8 ? inch x 11 inch paper.
The title page will have the title of the essay in the centre of the page in one or two lines followed by the authors’ name. One of the essential skills every researcher should possess is to effectively communicate research results and analytics to the public. APA style research paper outline writing by students helps them perfect their skills in writing.
The above procedure should be continued when the opposing facts are given to counter the ideas. There should be an even structure in the headings, subheadings following the same formats and grammar.
A template is a sort of design which is already formatted in your document so that you can begin writing on opening it.
Title page will have heading in the centre of the page with the authors name and University in the next two lines respectively.
The next page will have the standard header on the left top of the page and then the next line should have abstract written.
Next few pages are the main body pages but all these pages also will have the header on top. Last is the reference page which will have the list of references used along with date last edited. Majority of the universities and educational establishments all over USA and most of the other parts of the world have adopted the research paper template. ProfEssays will help you with writing of research paper and give you APA format research paper examples for free. ProfEssays is a custom essay writing company formed in 2003 and it has grown in stature in a span of eight years. Select labels with either very little or slightly flattering connotative meaning for establishing the identity of things included in the APA style paper. Do not show preference or connote pre-eminence for a certain sex by using gendered pronouns to refer to man in general.
ProfEssays is the expert in APA style outline writing as well as on essay or a research paper writing. References with the same first author but different second authors are alphabetized by the second author. If two entries have the same author (or same 2 or more authors in the same order), list them in order of year (earliest first). In-text Citation: In this case study, nursing students were given the opportunity to work within the cultural and economic framework of a particular community (Browne-Krimsley, 2004).
In-text Citation: Halloween costume options are unlimited thanks to online shopping (Slatalla, 2004). In-text Citation: Surface pain tends to indicate a less serious problem than does deep throbbing pain ("Eye pain," 2005).
In-text Citation: "An estimated 10 percent of new moms experience a more severe form of emotional distress known as postpartum depression" (Mayo Clinic, 2008, Definition section, para.


In-text Citation: Government funded health care is categorized as a "single-payer system" (Montgomery, 2006).
In-text Citation: Many people in the scientific community, including University of Minnesota, Morris biologist and blogger PZ Myers (2009), remain skeptical about homeopathic treatments for cancer. In-text Citation: Burns suggests that a major problem in human relationships is not a fear of intimacy, but rather an addiction to conflict (Van Nuys, 2009). In-text Citation: Watson (1968) recalls that "much more difficulty came from the necessity to fabricate representations of the inorganic icons" (p. In-text Citation: Nursing Theories Conference Group (1980) presents different nursing theories in terms of diagnosis, treatment and evaluation. In-text Citation: According to Chiang and Massague (2004), "Not only are cancer cells able to traverse the structural boundaries of the primary tumor, but they can also co-opt local and bone marrow-derived stromal-cell responses to their advantage" (p. In-text Citation: The electroencephalogram (EEG) was first used in the late 1930's to monitor sleep activity (Webb, 1997). In-text Citation: The invention of the Concord 40 years ago failed to spur the technology that would make ultra-fast air travel available to the masses (Sparaco, 2009). In-text Citation: "Researchers from Case Western Reserve in Cleveland found that, come deadline time, students who put off assignments suffered more stress" ("Procrastination is bad," 1997, p. In-text citation: Studies showed that Depakote, an older treatment, was equally effective in treating manic illness and it produced less side affects than Zyprexa (Burton, 2000). In-Text Citation: The Iranian legislation would not call for a new election despite nearly a week of protests (Winslow, 2009). Use parenthetical citation with the author's last name and year of publication just next to the material that you are citing. If there is no author, provide the first few words of the title (use parentheses for articles or chapters of books and italics for titles of books) and the year. If you are using a direct quotation, include the page number (where available) after the quote.
Kibler (1993) reviewed literature that demonstrates that various forms of academic dishonesty have been with us since ancient civilizations and that academic dishonesty, for a variety of reasons, has increased. The Style pages directly from the American Psychological Association, perhaps the best way to stay up to date. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Clipping is a handy way to collect and organize the most important slides from a presentation.
This study would therefore adopt a positivist approach as credible data could only be derived through quantitative analysis of phenomena observed (Saunders et al, 2007). This approach represents the most common view of the relationship between theory and research and results gotten from this approach are developed through logical reasoning (Bryman and Bell, 2007). The level to which this source is appropriate relies on the research question, related objectives and research designs (Saunders et al, 2007). She spoke to several of her colleagues on my behalf and they agreed for me to conduct telephone interviews with 4 members of the graduate recruitment team, some of which had been there for an average of 5 – 10 years (reasons expatiated further in this chapter). Robson (2002) asserts that the case study strategy would be useful if the aim of the study is to gain a rich understanding of the research perspective and the process being endorsed.
It involves data that is either in the form of, or expressed as numbers (Easterby-Smith et al, 2008).
A semi-structured interview is a qualitative interview that is defined by a pre-set question guide.
The themes utilized in this study were derived mainly from the literature review and were crucial in developing the questions that were raised during the study. The questionnaires were given to them beforehand, when the approval was first sought, and each respondent chose the questions that they were more qualified to respond to. However, due to the time constraints and resource limitations inherent in this study, a non-probability sample of the population was selected.
Also, the number of employees within Lloyds who took part in the qualitative study was not high enough to constitute a significant portion of the recruitment department within Lloyds TSB. He further claims that though each of these means have their merits and demerits, the collection of one’s own data gives control over the structure of the sample and the data obtained from each respondent.
This was done amongst friends and colleagues within the university who have utilized online recruitment systems. Univariates, which are total sample distributions of one variable at a time (Oppenheim, 2005) was utilised in analysing the frequency and percentage occurrence of each variable; including both ordinal and nominal, category and rating scale questions. Thereby suggesting that a deductive approach to data analysis would be essential for theoretical driven studies. The findings from each respondent and questionnaire theme were analyzed according to the literature review topics discussed. Information such as this could pose difficulties if the bank eventually decides to broaden its pool of candidates and employ people from varying backgrounds. Therefore, in order to alleviate these issues, the questionnaire and interviews would be designed in such a way that it does not offend, harm, provoke or stress any of the participants in any way. Therefore the questionnaires would fully state that it is an academic research and in no way constitutes a study conducted by the organization.
Some staff may not be willing to discuss sensitive issues such as their views, some may be unwilling to discuss online recruitment in any capacity to an external researcher such as myself, while some may not have the relevant experience required to answer most of the questions raised in this study. The ideal participants would typically have been working in recruitment for over 10 years, and would have witnessed and participated in the transition from traditional to online recruitment within the organization. It also did not include the recent government bailout and financial crisis affecting most UK financial institutions. American Psychological Association Style gives researcher an opportunity to structure research paper well and makes it more readable to the public. Then the word abstract comes as a heading in the center of the first line followed by an abstract of the essay. ProfEssays is very particular about customer satisfaction and do not mind any number of revisions till such time that the client is convinced. In case you are unable to do the research paper due to any reason, you can count on ProfEssays to write for you in accordance to your needs.
The main point is there are certain guidelines to be followed for writing the outline according to the APA format. They can write not only APA style research paper outline but also term papers, essays, dissertations, resumes, thesis and reports.
For example if you are writing a business letter you can use a template which has space assigned for your address, your clients address and other such requisites.
We have more than 500 expert writers on our team who are qualified from the best of universities. Instead of saying “all men are equal,” you might write “all human beings are equal.” Another way to avoid choosing which gender pronoun to use is to avoid using them altogether and substituting the pronoun for a non-gendered noun. Moreover, the percentage of students who report ever using a cheat sheet doubled from 34 to 68 percent. In his Plagiarism Handbook, Harris (2001) noted that a "free-term-paper site, run by a 16-year-old, receives 13,000 hits a day" (p. The social interpretivism philosophy, which aims to study and reflect on the inner feelings of participants, is not being utilized in this study, due to the study’s research objective, which is to ascertain the effectiveness of online recruitment in an organization. The data findings would be compared against existing literature to ascertain if they concur with what has already been published in the field of online recruitment.


Therefore, the researcher, as a friend of an employee within the organization, was in a favorable position to get access within the organization.
Due to the non-intrusive nature of my research, there were no objections or limitations raised by the participants with regards to the questions asked or the purpose of the study.
Therefore as this study aims to understand the recruitment process within Lloyds TSB and also any benefits associated with online recruitment, a case study would be most effective.
It aims to provide in-depth findings through informal discussions with participants (Collis and Hussey, 2003).
The semi-structured approach also provided the researcher with the ability to probe answers. Therefore the research was such that all respondents answered some questions, while some others were answered by a particular individual because of their knowledge of that process. Saunders et al (2007) asserts that a non-probability sample is most often used when adopting a case study strategy. Therefore the study focused more on the quantitative facts of the perception of recruitment within the organization, as opposed to theories expressed in the literature review, and what graduates on the outside thought of online recruitment. It also gives greater confidence that the data collected would match the research objectives. Data from the semi-structured interviews would be collected using a tape recorder, and the conversations with all four employees would be transcribed word for word, and expression for expression. However an indepth correlation or bivariate analysis was not conducted due to the low number of graduate respondents, and also due to the fact that the study was mainly concerned with the viewpoint of the organization, and not necessarily that of the graduates. In the instance whereby different respondents had something to say about a particular issue, all their opinions were recorded and taking into consideration in the analysis of findings. Questions asked would be non-instrusive as no personal information about names; age or post would be requested. Therefore this study would be limited in not being able to survey a probability sample of graduates who have either used online recruitment or specifically applied to Lloyds TSB in the past. Therefore the list of participants has been limited to 4, which in no way represents a probability sample of the recruitment workforce within the organization. However, only two of the participants answering this questionnaire are ‘ideal candidates’, the other 2 have been working within recruitment over the past 2 – 3 years and were in no capacity to discuss the transition between traditional and online recruitment. This information could have impacted on the quality of graduate applications that the organization received within the past 3 years, and could pose a shortfall in the information gathered. The American Psychological Association prescribes a format called the APA for research paper writing. Some readers will be interested in research methods used in your work while others may read specific points mentioned in your research. These outlines should consist of headings and subheadings set in such a way that the arrangement of the whole paper is evident.
The outline brings out the drawbacks in the presentation style and gives an introduction to the research paper.
You simply place an order with the writing instructions you have been given, and before you know it, your essay or term paper, completely finished and unique, will be completed and sent back to you. Implementing a process approach to information skills: A study identifying indicators of success in library media programs. Surprisingly, nearly 90 percent of college students "strongly agree or somewhat agree" that it is wrong to "hand in someone else's writing as one's own," to "use the Internet to copy text to hand in as one's own," and to "purchase papers from print term-paper mills" (Scanlon & Neumann, 2002, p.
Details regarding effectiveness are measured using objective means (such as increase in candidate application and reduction in costs), thereby warranting a positivist approach.
The questionnaire was mainly designed with rating scale questions, where respondents were asked to state their opinion or preference for a particular question on a scale of 1 – 5. This interview method was chosen over unstructured or structured interviews, because this study intends to answer the research questions by asking specific questions, but not so much (unstructured) that it generates useless data, and not so less (structured) so as not to miss out on any unanticipated information. Answer probing was particularly useful in responses whereby more explanation was needed in order to fully understand the answers.
A non-probability sample, as described by (Oppenheim, 2000), is a sample in which the probability of each case being selected from the total population is not known. The advantages inherent in this approach is that it allows the researcher to document and see patterns in words and emotions that would not be available if other forms of interviews were conducted. Results would be analysed using Excel and graphs would be drawn out to analyse all data with the aim of comparing them to the qualitative study. This procedure involves the development of an analytical framework, utilizing existing theory, and then testing the adequacies of the framework as a means of explaining the findings (Saunders et al, 2007). Information about specific applicant quality and demographics of applicants’ recruitment would not be sought. However, their views were still helpful and contributed significantly to the findings of this study.
However, including this information would have extended the limits of the study, beyond the word count and capacity currently accepted.
To this end, you should start each section on the new page and pay special attention to the structure of your research paper. You can contact ProfEssays about free APA research paper sample giving you exact specifications and requirements. Harris gave an example of a librarian who studied plagiarism herself and could not order a paper from a paper mill because the site was "flooded with 800 orders a day" (p. The plagiarism handbook: Strategies for preventing, detecting, and dealing with plagiarism. Secondary nominal data was also included in order to ascertain the respondent’s status, application activity and preference. Due to the recent adaptation of online recruitment, the semi structured interviews was targeted at members of the team who had witnessed or orchestrated the shift towards online recruitment, that way these respondents would be better able to answer questions that relate to the comparison of both methods.
In the instance where a pattern is found as initially predicted, it would be evidence that suggests that there is indeed an explanation for findings. The students feel the pressure of writing APA format due to usage of language in addition to the searches to be made for the research.
We will suggest a template according to the APA format and you can save it and use it for all your research papers etc.
You can trust them to produce a masterful and original research paper in APA style for you in as short as 8 hours for rush work. In APA style research paper you should list all your sources alphabetically on a separate page named References.
His book marshals lively instructional cartoons that could be used in teaching and discussing the subject of plagiarism. Quantitative questionnaires are useful as the results derived are quantifiable and measurable against other variables in an objective manner (Saunders et al, 2007). The custom essay paper you commission is copyrighted to you upon delivery and will not be re-sold or re-used anywhere else.
APA format requires 12 Times New Roman and many other features to make your research paper readable for users. Best of all, you are confident that your personal data will be kept in strictest confidence.



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