There has been quite a bit of misinformation published for this family, and so I think it is important to put down in writing a summary of the documentation that may help researchers find the correct trail to our ancestors. In this document, I will merely summarize a bit of our family history in Germany to clarify our heritage so as to address some of the errors made by others. Another error that has been perpetuated is that our a€?Hans Martina€? must have been a young boy, under age 16, when he came to North America, and that his name was therefore not recorded, but that the a€?Hans Martin Kirschmana€? listed on the passengera€™s list must have been his father.
But, to help convince others of that claim, leta€™s begin our story with actual confirming documents from Germany. In this paper, we will start with: Johann a€?Hanssa€? Martin Kirschenmann, who was born on 26 Feb. Anna Marie born 29 May 1737 -- she had, in 1771, an illegitimate child [male] named Christian born in Pfalzgrafenweiler.
Again, the above record comes from the Pfalzgrafenweiler Jakoba€™s Church record, which was the home parish of Hanss. Now, there is a very interesting item noted for this young woman in her own parish record, which says that: she was married on 28 Jan. This clearly establishes the birth of Johann a€?Hansa€? Martin Kirschenmann (our immigrant ancestor) as the son of a€?Hanss Martin Kirschenmann and his wife, Anna Catharina Schmid, who were married about eleven months following his birth. Not far away, in the village of Goettelfingen (about 6-7 miles northwest of Pfalzgrafenweiler)--as the crow flies, lived the family of Christian Schwarz.
Their oldest daughter, Agnes Schwartz is the one who is of the greatest interest to us, as our immigrant grandmother, but also take note of the names of her brothers, as two of those will come up again later. Sometime after the birth of their second child, this family moved to Kaelberbronn, which is about four miles to the south of where they were living, and about half way to Pfalzgrafenweiler.
For the source of much of the following information, see: History and Genealogy of the German Emigrant Johan Christian Kirschenmann, Anglicized Cashman by Arthur Weaner and William F. Hans Martin Kirschenmann and his young bride, both about 20 years old, began their migration together down the Rhine River in 1752. This Hans Martin Kirschman was the 20 years old father of our American family by this name. In all of Pennsylvania there were only two Kirschman (Kirschenmann, even by other variant spellings) families that can be found in the time frame between 1752 and 1776. In 1761, after living in PA for nine years, and after succeeding waves of immigrants had arrived in Berks Co.
The other family by that name living in Pennsylvania at about that time was that of Johan Christian Kirschman (Kirschenmann) who boarded a ship a€?Hamiltona€?, Charles Smith, Commander, in Rotterdam, Netherlands, and sailed to Cowes, England, arriving at Philadelphia, PA on 9 Nov. Both of the above men were thought to have come from the same general area in Wuerttemberg, Germany.
We know the names of the following children of Johann Martin Cashman and his wife, Agnes Schwartz, who were still living in 1804 when Martin made his will in Bedford Co., Virginia--from the gaps between their birth years, there could have been additional children who died earlier than this date. Martin Kirschman was listed as a carpenter, and paid taxes on 1 horse and two cows in Berks Co., PA in 1767 [Tax List of Berks County] and was also listed in the tax list for 1768. During this period, Hans Martina€™s oldest son, George, married in Washington County, MD and had a daughter on 13 Nov. In 1778 (during the war years) Men were asked to take an a€?Oath of Allegiancea€? to the new United States of America. There was also a mention of Adam Bumgartner as a resident of Washington Co., MD, in 1778, the year prior to his marriage.
I have seen a claim that Martin Kirschman may have moved to Bedford County, PA about at this time and paid taxes there in 1779.
As the Revolutionary War drew towards its close with the surrender of General Cornwallis to George Washington at Yorktown, VA in 1781 thousands of British soldiers were taken as prisoners. We have not been able to find any other records for our Hans Martin Kirschman after this date--except for his will.
This surname is just not close enough to say that this was our a€?Martin Kirschmana€? but it is given here only as a point of interest. Now, we have an even longer stretch without any documentation, but in 1803, Hans Martin & Agnesa€™s youngest daughter, Elisabeth Kirschman, or a€?Betsya€? married Jesse Orendorff in Bedford Coounty, VA (or Botetourt County, VA). At least by 1804, and probably earlier, our Hans Martin Kirschman and Agnes Schwartz had moved to Bedford County, VA., which occupies most of the area between Roanoak and Lynchburg, VA in southwestern Virginia. This last Will and Testament of Martin Kershmon, deceased, was exhibited in Court and proved by the oath of James Ripley, a subscribing witness and continued for further proof and a Court held for said County the 24th day of September 1804a€”this will was further proved by the oath of Presley Sinclair another subscribing witness and ordered to be recorded.
In the 1820 US census, there was only one Cashman family still in the area and this was for a George Cashman in Providence Twp, Bedford Co., PA. As discussed above, Catherine Kirschman was born about June of 1752 in Amsterdam while her family was en route from Germany to America. Catherine spent her early years in Berks County, PA until she was in her mid-teens, when the family moved to York County, PA, and about 25 years old when they moved to Washington County, MD.
There were only two Catherine Kirschmans (by any spelling) that we can find in the USA at that time.
It is not clear where and how Catherine next met David Buck, but since he was absent from his home in Bedford Co., PA from 1785 till about 1789. Shortly after their marriage, they returned to Davida€™s home in Bedford County, PA, where this couple had Davida€™s first child, a son, Thomas Buck, named after Davida€™s father. We do not know the birth years of any of these, but they all would have been born between 1780-86 and probably in Washington Co. David and Catherine remained on Brush Creek in West Providence, Bedford, PA for the rest of their lives. According to David Buck's will, there are two daughters younger than Elizabeth Buck, who was born 2 May 1795.
There were many political and religious difficulties multiplied by physical hardships in continental Europe during the 16th, 17th an 18th centuries to make the mind fertile to emigration to America. In 1681 William Penn received from King Charles II of England, 40,000 square miles of land in America, in liquidation of a debt of 16,000 pounds the British government owed William Penna€™s father. The journey to Pennsylvania consumed from eighteen to twenty six weeks.[3] The first part was the journey from the Palatine down the Rhine River to Rotterdam, in our case, or to some other seaport {note that for the family of Johann Martin Kirschman, the embarkation port was Amsterdam}. The Passengers were usually crowded, with insufficient and improper food and water, subjecting many to all sorts of diseases which resulted in the death of many, especially the children. It was of early concern to the rulers of the Province of the emigration of the Germans to English Pennsylvania. From the dock, the arrivals go to the City Hall, sign the above oaths, and square their account with the Captain. To what extent Christian Cashman, his wife and family participated in these sufferings is not known, but it is safe to assume that they endured many trials.
It is on these ship and oath lists above referred to, that is found the name of JOHAN CHRISTIAN KIRSCHENMANN. The Foreigners whose names are underwritten, imported in the Ship Hamilton, Commanded by Charles Smith, from Rotterdam, did this day take and subscribe the usual Qualifications. Only the names of males above age sixteen appear, but tradition states he was accompanied by his wife, Catharan (whose maiden name has not been ascertained), and five of his six children,[7] viz: Christian, Barbra, George, John and Susanah. On the Ship Edinburgh, James Russell Commander, from Rotterdam, {Note: the author made an error here. At the same source for the year 1767, under name Martin Kirschman, a carpenter, 1 horse and 2 cows, tax L2.[4] The surname Kerschner appears frequently in Berks County records.
Martin Kirschman and his wife Agnes, Daughter Elizabeth, born September 14, 1775, baptized November 26, 1775.
This is all the data found on this family, and no descendants have been ascertained at the time of writing. List of inhabitants of Providence Township, Bedford County, Pennsylvania, made subject by law to the performance of militia duty, taken by Peter Morgert, the 27th Jany.
Martin Cashman a€“ The Ancestral File of the LDS Church contains a family from a€?Paa€?, where the fathera€™s name is a€?Martin Cashmana€? born 1764 in Pa. I know that Martin Jr and Elizabeth (wife of Jesse Orendorff) moved their families to Breckenridge County Kentucky in the early 1800s. Martin Sr's wife Agnes Schwartz had two brothers, Frederick and Chrisian who located in Botetourt County Virginia around 1790-1800. There has been quite a bit of misinformation published for this family, and so I think it is important to put down in writing a summary of the documentation that may help researchers find the correct trail to our ancestors.A  For additional information on this family while living back in Germany (Wuerttemberg) before their immigration to America, please see Our Kirschenmann Haritage in Wuerttemberg, Germany by Lionel Nebeker also available on this web-site in the a€?Librarya€?. Another error that has been perpetuated is that our a€?Hans Martina€? must have been a young boy, under age 16, when he came to North America, and that his name was therefore not recorded, but that the a€?Hans Martin Kirschmana€? listed on the passengera€™s list must have been his father.A  Indeed, the man listed on that passengera€™s list (and wea€™ll discuss that below) was our only immigrant by that name--and he was 20 years old at the time of his migration. Not far away, in the village of Goettelfingen (about 6-7 miles northwest of Pfalzgrafenweiler)--as the crow flies, lived the family of Christian Schwarz.A  He was not born there, and we do not have any indication of his homeland, but he moved there in time to marry Anna Maria Kuhn (b. That roadside shop is impossible to miss, advertised by a cork the size of a bus thata€™s emblazoned with the Verrazzano logo. As it so happens, Ia€™m spending the day researching this very topic: What if you arrive in Chianti without any appointments? Ia€™d imagined taking a day trip from Florence down Route 222a€”the famed Via Chiantigiano, a blissfully scenic road that bisects Chianti Classico as it winds through Greve, Panzano, and Castellina on its way to Siena.
Continuing south on 222, I follow a lead provided by Vicchiomaggioa€™s pourer: Villa Calcinaia has a roadside tasting room. I move on to Greve, where therea€™s one surefire place to visit: Le Cantine di Greve, the largest tasting room in Chianti.
South of Greve, I turn off 222 in the direction of Radda, and within a few miles Ia€™m at Molino del Grace, an American-owned winery whose windmill (molino) and modern sculptures call attention from the road. Taking an inconspicuous lane out of Radda, ita€™s a five-mile climb to the 15th century compound.
My tour of Badia a Coltibuono (a‚¬8, $10) near Gaiole is more perfunctory, the wine a minor side note at this Benedictine monastery, built in 1051 and developed under the patronage of Lorenzo di Medici. So, follow this tip: For a day in Chianti thata€™s fantastic rather than frustrating, do some advance legwork. In an effort to deal with this confusion, this record relies heavily on the Genealogies of Connecticut Families from the New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Vol. It seems quite probable that the son, Richard II, who inherited the tenement lands at Cholesbury, would be the father of Richard III, of Cholesbury, whose three sons migrated to Milford, Conn. John, the son of Richard I, remained on the farm at Dungrove long enough to be the the executor of his Mother's will in 1565, and as the overseer of his brother, Henry's, will dated January 2, 1599.
Still there were other Baldwins, from the same area in Buckinghamshire, England, who came to Milford, Connecticut at about the same time.
There was at least one other Richard Baldwin born in Milford at about the same time as the one listed above, and who was a nephew to the above Richard. It is possible there were other Richard Baldwins in Milford at this time, but no others can be found in the records who would be anywhere close to the age of Ann Warrups. Ann Warrups resided with her Father, Chicken Warrups, at Greenfarms, between Westport and Fairfield and about 12 miles southwest of Milford. The Indians continued to move farther inland and set up new settlements only to have white settlers follow them and either buy, or take, their lands. This couple had at least three daughters: Mary, Caroline and Rebecca, and one son, John Baldwin II. Josiah Bearce II, probably died in New Milford, Connecticut, in late 1787, at almost 67 years of age. Before the colonial period, Connecticut had a large Indian population but most of the tribes were small, autonomous villages and not well organized into federations. The Mahican Nation, was a large group of Algonquian tribes living in the area of western Massachusetts and Vermont, and into New York as far west as the Hudson River. Being the reigning overlords of the area, the Pequots fought any group that tried to exercise any control over their newly claimed territory. Another point of confusion is the personage of Tatobam (Totobam, Tatobem) often given as another name for Sassacus. Sassacus ruled over 26 lesser sachems, some of which included the Mohegans (a subdivision of the Pequots, not to be confused with the Mahicans, from whom they had earlier descended, just east of the Hudson River), the Western Niantics, the River tribes and, at various times, some Long Island tribes. Among Woipequand's children was a daughter named Meekenump who married a Pequot War Sagamore named Oweneko. Prior to 1631, Europeans had spent little time in the Connecticut area, other than to sail along its coast.
By 1634, the Pequots had still almost no direct contact with the English but were known by them to be at war with almost every surrounding tribe, and most especially with the Narragansetts and the Dutch. In 1634, a Captain John Stone of Virginia, who had sailed up the coast causing trouble everywhere he landed, was fined 100 pounds and banished from Massachusetts.
In July, John Gallop, while sailing his small ship by Block Island, came across Oldham's vessel crowded with Indians and no white men to be seen. In late August, Massachusetts sent John Endicott, with ninety volunteers, to Block Island to avenge the murder of Oldham.
Sassacus's main village was at Pequot Harbor, (the present towns of New London and Groton, Conn.), with a second large village about seven miles east at Mystic. The colonists were aware of the reputation the Pequots had for cruelty and knew they were in for some rough times.
Various stories are told of one Englishman, John Tilley, who was ambushed and tortured over a three day period, which included cutting off his fingers, toes, hands and feet, flaying his skin off and putting hot embers between the flesh and skin. By this time, the English were outraged by the aggressive acts of the Pequots and all three colonies agreed to unite in a war against them. Connecticut decided not to wait for the troops from the other colonies and raised an army of ninety men under Captain John Mason of Windsor. On Friday, May 19, 1637, Mason put his army on board ship and sailed east along the coast line. The next day, the ship approached Narragansett Bay, in Rhode Island, and three days later, the soldiers arrived at Miantonomoa€™s village. After the death of Wequash, his younger brother, Cushawashet, took a form of his deceased brother's name and was thereafter known as Wequashcook (Wequashcuk.) In addition, he also took on the Christian name of Harmon Garret, (Herman Garret) by which name he is most often known in the histories. After the conquest of the Pequots, Harmon Garret (Wequashcook), was appointed by the English to be one of the two governors over the residue of this tribe. Returning now to the Pequot War, the original goal of the army had been Sassacusa€™s main village but, coming from the east, they first approached the fortress at Mystic and Mason felt they should attack rather than risk being detected by the enemy before the battle began.
The undetected English army surrounded the fort and at dawn, on May 26th, they marched up the hill to begin the battle. Shortly after the battle was ended, Sassacus, with his main body of warriors, arrived on the scene. Munitions were low so Mason armed a strong rear guard to hold off the pursuing Indians and they headed for the ship. The invasion had been so unexpected and so devastating that the Pequots were completely demoralized.
The Connecticut troops were allowed to return home as replacements arrived from the other colonies.
To avoid being captured and killed by their Indian enemies, some of the remaining Pequots, who were still in hiding, sent messengers to Hartford to ask for leniency if they surrendered. Following the total destruction of the Pequot Nation, other New England tribes, even those which had assisted the English in this campaign, were so shocked at the total annihilation of their enemy, that many sachems, including Massasoit, sent delegations to Boston to assure the English of their friendship and to renew old treaties. Uncas, who had been the most aggressive Indian in the pursuit of his own fellow Pequots, now got his wish of becoming the Great Sachem of what was left of that people. Along the Connecticut River, and particularly in the area of present day Windsor, Hartford, Wethersfield and Middletown, were numerous, small, independent tribes referred to as the a€?River Tribesa€?.
Not wanting to alienate the English, the Mohawks would not barge into a colonista€™s home uninvited. The treatment the River Indians received from the Pequots was not much better and they were compelled to pay heavy monetary tribute to both nations or suffer severe destruction. Rather than fight, Sowheag moved his people south to Middletown, where he built a fort, or castle, on the bank overlooking the River.
Early in the morning of April 23rd, 1637, a small group of Wethersfield settlers was attacked by two hundred Pequot warriors, while working in a meadow on the edge of town.
Not wanting to open up more fronts in the Indian war, the colonists left Sowheag alone until the Pequot Nation was destroyed. Friendship with the English had not proven too valuable in the past and Sowheag could not see where their offer of friendship would help much now.
As time past, some Pequots began to feel that the old hostilities must have been forgotten. The only known children of Sowheag are: Montowese, Sequasson, Turramuggus, and a daughter, Sepannamaw. In 1675, the court provided a 300 acre tract of land on the east side of the Connecticut River near Middletown, for the heirs of Sowheag and the Mattabeseck Indians.
Sowheag's son, Montowese, was a Sachem of a smaller tribe, just north of the Quinnipiac tribe, who resided around New Haven Harbor. During the Pequot War, some of the Massachusetts Colonists marched along the Connecticut shore pursuing Sassacus.
Montowese, and his wife, spent the remainder of their days farming on the small parcel of land which still bears his name. It is logical to assume that Noh-took-saet may well have been the son of Epenow, although there is no proof of it.
The fact that the Aquiniuh Tribe either sent to the mainland for Noh-took-saet to come and be their Sachem, or that he came on his own to claim the title, seems to be good evidence that he was the rightful heir to the sachemship after the passing of Epenow.


In 1675, Metaark was "challenged in his rights by the person called Omphannut, who claimed he was the eldest son of the deceased sachem. The above described court case, between Metaark and his brother, (most likely a half-brother) occurred less than three months after the start of the King Philip War. Over the next few years, Metaark saw the selling off of Indian lands to settlers and was quick to realize this would be devastating to the tribes. Following the sale of their lands, the local Indians were unhappy to find themselves as tenent farmers on what had always been their own lands. This still did not satisfy the local Indians who were convinced the document was valid and not a forgery.
According to Franklin Ele-wath-thum Bearce (9), Isaac Siem was a Sachem at She-co-me-co, NY., perhaps as early as the late 1600's but at least very early in the 1700a€™s. On the skeptical side one must ask: Why would the son of a Marthas Vineyard Island sachem travel all the way to She-ko-me-ko, NY to make a new home for himself? Probably the greatest indication of a tie between Siem and Marthas Vineyard Island is in the name of his two known sons, Gideon and Joshua Mauweehu (or Mauwee). In a list of his ancestors, Bearce also lists Noh-took-saet, although he does not say where, or how, he fits into the pedigree. It may be supposed that, after marrying a Pequot and a Mohegan, Isaac Siem spent much of his life in south-central Connecticut. Gideon Mauweehu (Mauwehu, Mauwee, Ma-hu-wee-hu, Mayhew) was first known to lead a small following of Indians on the lower Housatonic River and held land around Derby. As the English began filling up this part of the valley, Gideon first moved to Newtown and then to New Milford. In 1744, the English were again at war with the French, and the conflict was extended to this side of the ocean. Colonial laws at this time forbade the purchase of Indian lands without the authorization of the colonial government. For a short time all seemed well, with the English staying on the east side of the Housatonic and the Indians on the west. Land disputes continued between the two societies for the next five years, and in 1757 Jabez Smith was chosen overseer of the tribe. In 1764 Eunice Mauwee, daughter of Joseph Mauwee, and granddaughter of Gideon Mauweehu, was born. Gideon reached an advanced age and, after serving his people well all of his life, past away sometime before 1767, probably at Scatacook. Although the band of Scatacooks continued to dwindle and move away until by 1774 there were only sixty-two remaining in Kent, it was reported that during the Revolutionary War one hundred Scatacook warriors assisted the American army by sending military messages up and down the River by means of Indian message fires and drum beats.
There is another theory, however, about the origin of Chuse's name that this author would like to propose. Joseph was married to Ann Warrups (called the 2nd, to differentiate her from her aunt, Ann Warrups 1st, the daughter of Old Chicken Warrups.) Ann II was the daughter of Captain Thomas Chicken Warrups, who was a son of Old Chicken Warrups. Joseph and his family lived on the most amicable terms with the white settlers for forty-eight years in Chusetown, during which time more and more settlers took up residence in the area.
At the time when Joseph travelled to Scatacook, the Indians in that area were poor, hungry, and sick.
Not long after this Joseph Mauwee arrived at Scatacook and took up his residence in his father's tribe. The petition lists the number of males in the tribe at thirty-six, females at thirty-five, and twenty of their numbers being children of an age suitable for attending school.
Sarah Mauwee, daughter of Joseph Mauwee and Ann Warrups II, was born at Chusetown (Humphreysville), Connecticut, about 1730-40. As a young woman, probably living in the Canfield home, she had a baby fathered by Oliver Canfield. Every time I saw them, they were holding hands and looking blissfully into each othera€™s eyes. 1733 in Pfalzgrafenweiler to Johann Martin Kirschenmann, a rafter there, who was the son of Jacob Kirschenmann, who was a baker there. And on the motion of Isaac Sinclair, the Executor therein named, who made oath together with Alexander Simmons his Security entered into and acknowledged their Bond in the Penalty of Five Hundred Dollars conditioned as the Law directs Certificate is granted him for obtaining Probate thereof in due form. It was the largest tract of land ever granted in America, under which Penn was made the proprietor and invested with the privilege of creating a political government. Pleasant township, Adams County, Pa., in 1788, it seems highly improbable this entry could refer to him. 1733 in Pfalzgrafenweiler to Johann Martin Kirschenmann, a rafter there, who was the son of Jacob Kirschenmann, who was a baker there.A  This date matches exactly with the record in the Pfalzgrafenweiler parish given above. But a tasting here omits the best part, the reason why one comes to Tuscany in the first place. A little homework on the Movimento Turismo del Vinoa€™s website revealed a handful of wineries that offer daily tours and a few more that seem to have drop-in tasting rooms. Thata€™s do-able, since it contains a restaurant and posh hotel, in addition to winemaking facilities.
Ia€™d been here before on scheduled visits, so Ia€™d seen its beautiful tasting room, all rough-hewn stone and antique chestnut wood, located a few hundred yards behind the winery. Purchased in 1973 by Zonin, Italya€™s largest family-owned winery, theya€™re listed as having a walk-in tasting room. Sure, ita€™s nice to see the gardens, cloister, and frescoed interior, but as a winery visit, ita€™s disappointing.
Ia€™d heard about it last winter and knew it was supposed to open this spring, but its location was vaguea€”a€?in a church near the soccer field,a€? I was told. Leonards in Aston-Clinton, near Dundridge, where he owned the 'Chapel Farm.' He married Sarah Bryan, early in 1620.
Saybrook and on April 23, 1637, they attacked the plantation at Wethersfield killing nine people, including one woman and a child. While we don't know his birthdate, he was old enough to have a daughter, Catherine, who married a German immigrant, John Rau, in 1721, and his oldest son, Gideon Mauweehu, was probably born about 1680-90.
We all got such a kick out of watching them and were excited about their upcoming wedding.A Several months after they were married, I noticed that this young husband looked downcast and depressed. 1770 -- little is known of his life, but he was listed as one of Johanna€™s sons in the 1804 will. Johna€™s Evangelical Lutheran Church in a€?Elizabeth Towna€? (now Hagerstown) Maryland on 13 Nov.
Liberty being granted the other Executors to join in the probate thereof when he shall think fit. 1681 in Tumlingen, Schwarzwaldkreis, Wuerttemberg, as the son of Hans Jacob Schmid and Anna Maria Helber) who had married on 2 Aug. Matteo, my eager-to-please guide at Castello di Verrazzano, has just done them a kindness by handing her a free glass of Chianti Classico after informing the couple that no, the winery doesna€™t do drop-in tastings. They might need to wrangle their export manager or secretary or mamma, who have other jobs to do, especially in smaller places,a€? I reply. I guess he made the arrangementsa€¦a€? Her voice trails off as she realizes his hidden handiwork. It too had a roadside shopa€”a practice unique to Chianti, it seems, owing to its unrivaled number of tourists. I go up and wander around the gardens that surround the palazzo, admire the views, peek inside the grand salone that houses the restaurant, peer through an open door into the noisy bottling room. Peeking through the window, it doesna€™t seem Ia€™d missed much: a desk piled with office papers and several open bottles. We penetrate the compound, descending to a cellar whose barrel-vaulted ceiling dates back to the 1400s, then we climb to an attic where miniature barrels of Vin Santo spend a decade maturing.
Following signs to the campo sportivo, I spot some construction machinery and mounds of dirt outside a church.
Hit the Greve Enoteca during lunch and Raddaa€™s Chianti Classico Academy as the day winds down. Goodwin were appointed to resolve all differences and to demand that he turn over the Pequot murderers he was harboring. 1777 [Washington County, Maryland Church Records of the 18th Century, by Family Lines Publication, 1988. The wife sneaks a puzzled glance in my direction, since two Swiss and I are sitting at a wine bar with stemware and tasting notes. Wine maps, an acoustiguide, and helpful staff are available if youa€™re eager to learn while power tasting. When I walk through the front door, a clerk jumps up from her desk to offer a pour from two bottles sitting on the counter. Therea€™s an herb garden overlooked by stone cherubs, and a formal garden that echoes the harmonious symmetry of the villaa€™s faA§ade, a Renaissance structure built for the noble Acciaioli family, who planted these vineyards.
The wife sneaks a puzzled glance in my direction, since two Swiss and I are sitting at a wine bar with stemware and tasting notes.A  a€?We have tours at 10 and 3,a€? Matteo offers in explanation. 48: a€?Whoever receives this child in my name receives me, and whoever receives me receives him who sent me. For instance, if he didna€™t read his Bible when he woke up in the morning, she refused tomake his breakfast.
Here 10th century watchtowers guard a Renaissance palazzo where the navigator Giovanni di Verrazzano was born in 1485. Ita€™s essentially a wine shop with tasting bar and tables in the back that can accommodate large groups (read: bus tours). She pours five wines, offering brief comments; tech sheets in a loose-leaf binder flesh out the details. The central region was occupied by a large number of small individual tribes referred to as the River Tribes (sometimes called Mattabesecks, because that was the name of the most dominant subtribe.) The Housatonic River Tribes (as described in Chapter 12) lived in the western part of Connecticut. Her rule was a€?No Bible, no breakfast!a€? He told me that many mornings he would go to the kitchen to get his sack lunch for the day, and his new bride would tell him, a€?Today the Lord has told me that you need to fast, so there wona€™t be any lunch for you today. Ita€™s all fine and dandy, but again, I feel shut out from everything that would make this place special. None of this would have been accessible to a casual visitor, but ita€™s precisely these sights that will come to mind years hence, whenever one encounters a bottle of Castello da€™Albola.
Salumi hang from rafters, and wine sleeps in massive oak casks under groin-vaulted arches, as it has since 1170.
Even in its raw state, ita€™s clear this little hideaway will be a wonderful destination for Chianti Classico lovers. Amy (Amey) Oviatt (who was born 10 Feb 1667 as the dau of Thomas Oviatt and Frances Bryan.) Richard was a cordwainer (shoe maker).
Then wea€™re going to spend an hour in prayer.a€?A When I heard what was happening, I chuckled inside.
Even if pseudo versions of this place exist in California, therea€™s no faking the Chianti countryside, with its hillside vineyards, tidy olive groves, dense forests, and feudal castles. 1st Hannah Bruen 3 (30) Oct 1663, daughter of Obadiah Bruen [and a niece to his step-mother, Mary (Marie) Bruen. The few who participated in the war usually did so on the side of the English, against their own people. I knew this sweet little new bride was trying to encourage her husband to be the spiritual leader of their new home, but her approach wasna€™t effective. In fact, it was having just the opposite effect she desired.A Instead of causing her husband to feel closer to her, this young wife was pushing him far away by constantly preaching at him and demanding that he become the spiritual leader she expected him to be.
Intimate moments shared between a husband and wife occur in the bedroom.A Although the husband and wife love their children in nearly every other sphere of their lives, this isA one sphere that isna€™t available to anyone else. But after the couple attended a few counseling sessions, the wife backed off and let her husband assume his leadership role on his own terms. When she relaxed and let him lead in a way that was more natural to him, the tension left their marriage and they reentered marital bliss!A A wife who takes on the role of preaching at her husband will never find this method very effective. It is usually a huge turn-off for a husband because it makes him feel like his wife, who issupposed to be his greatest supporter, has instead become his corrector and boss.
This does not literally mean you must pray in the bedroom any more than it means you must pray in a closet.
I had this wonderful sermon today on resurrection but I am changing it due to something in this morninga€™s paper. The concept of a bedroom is only used to convey the idea of an isolated and solitary place where you can be alone with the Lord.A When we enter into a time of prayer, it should be done at a place and time when we are not interrupted so the Holy Spirit can speak to our hearts and we can bare our hearts to Him. This meant that a huge portion of the Early Church was comprised of women who had come to Jesus Christ but whose husbands remained unsaved. Of course, these women wanted their husbands to be saved, so after a church service, they would often run home and begin to preach to their husbands. Each of us should make it a daily priority to have this special time of communion with the Father through the Holy Spirit. It doesna€™t matter where you and I spend this private time with God; it just matters that we actually do it. Our daughter who is also in the Army was in special training for 3 A? months and Oma and I took care of Alan at our home.
At the local daycare, Alan met his friend Noah and they played together for the duration of this time. From the husbandsa€™ perspective, their wivesa€™ preaching sounded like nagging and complaining. He often prayed on a mountaintop or out in the wilderness, far fromA the hustle and bustle of the city.
This approach produced such negative results that Peter told wives to stop preaching to their husbands and to instead live godly lives before them as their method of evangelizing. There is nothing in the Bible that says the early morning hours areA more holy than other hours of the day, and nowhere does the Bible teach that praying on a mountaintopA is somehow better than other places. Jesus chose those early morning hours because it was aA moment when He could find solitude and quietness with God. The words a€?obey nota€? are from the Greek word apeitho, which emphatically refers to someone who refuses to be persuaded. Donations can be sent to any PNC bank location in Pennsylvania directed to the Noah Staley Trust Fund. Therefore, besides referring to unsaved husbands who hear the message and reject it, as Peter was most likely writing about, thisA phrase could also refer to saved husbands who refuse to do what they know God wants them to do.A I can think of so many Christian wives who want their husbands to change. This cancer is so rare that only about 100 people in the US have ever been diagnosed with this. These wives beg,A plead, nag, and pester their husbands all the time to do this different or to do that different. But noA matter how hard a wife pressures her husband, he will remain stubborn, obstinate, and unmoved.
So if you really want to be with the Lord, you will find time for that as well.A Think about it. It was often used in secular literature to depictA someone who won a game, such as the game of casting lots. In todaya€™s world, it could depict a person who plays his cards right and therefore walks off with the booty! I am asking all of my readers, please pray to our Lord for his healing, that his parents get the much needed monies, and that everyonea€™s faith shall increase as they see the Glory of God do a miracle. Peter is telling wives how to win the game of positively influencing their husbands without ever saying a word! In other words, the wordA anastropheA gives a picture of how a person conducts his life and how he or she behaves in every situation. But with all the distractions of modern life we often find ourselves living on spiritual snack food instead of a healthy diet of God's Word.
Seeing how attentively she takes care ofA their children and how she lovesA their sona€™s wife or daughter's husbands. Here are seven suggestions that may help you have a better quiet time in a noisy world.A 1. Help me boldly claim my full capacity for your use.a€? ------------- Donna Givlera€”quoting Katie Brazelton of Saddleback Church in her devotional book titled a€?Praying for Purpose, for Womena€?. Her husband sees her rising up, her sitting down, her going in, her going out, her turning this way and that way. BecauseA he know her life and her outstanding attitude, he has great respect for her, and he listens when she speaks toA him about things that concern her.
In fact, of all the people inA his life, his wife has the single greatest impact onA him and his decisions.
Everyone who lives in me and believes in me will never die.a€?1 Corinthians Chapter 15, vs. 42: Our earthly bodies are planted in the ground when we die, but they will be raised to live forever.
He notices when you haveA an opportunity to be angry but choose instead to be silent and to take that anger to the Lord. 27: For you will not leave my soul among the dead or allow your Holy one to rot in the grave. 2: The leaders were very disturbed that Peter and John were teaching the people that through Jesus there was a resurrection of the dead.


If you want to have a more meaningful quiet time, view Bible reading and prayer as a daily dialog with God, a daily meeting.A 3.
11: I want to suffer with him, sharing in his death, so that one way or the other I will experience the resurrection from the dead. DON'T FEEL GUILTYHave you ever heard someone confess, "I'm having trouble keeping a regular quiet time.
It proved that he was God and that He had power even over His own death and Satana€™s dominion. They are constantly observingyou, so make sure they are seeing you live a pure and holy life, and give them honor and respect as you do it.a€? A If youa€™ve been preaching at your husband to no effect, perhaps ita€™s time for you to change your method.
Make the quality decision to stop talking to him about the things youa€™ve been wanting him to change in his life.
FIND A PLAN THAT FITS YOUMany people say, "I love to cook but I hate to decide what's for dinner." The same principle is true when it comes to a daily quiet time. God can resurrect our lives, our dreams, and our visions if we ask him to or if it is His will for us. Leave your husband alone, and let God deal with him.A When you suddenly fall silent and cease to preach at your husband, I guarantee you that he will notice a change has taken place in your approach toward him. There are manyA good Bible reading guides available from other publishers or your church denomination. If we have a dream or vision and we lose sight of it we can gain our sight back if we ask Him in prayer.
He will a€?beholda€? that you are leaving him alone and that you have chosen to take a different route.A As you learn to stay silent rather than preach at your husband, he willA begin to hear the Holy Spirit speaking to his heart. Then you won't have to spend your quiet time in "menu planning" and you can experience "the joy of cooking."A 5.
And when your husband sees you maintain an excellent attitude in the midst of circumstances that arena€™t going your way, his heart will be drawn to you. Hea€™ll begin to get convicted, and his desire to do more to please you will start to grow.A You see, wife, Peter knew exactly what he was talking about when he wrote that you could win your husband without a word.
She continued her life style and left her son with babysitters while she partied and enjoyed life (she thought).
Therefore, ita€™s time for you to get before God and ask Him to change your heart and your attitude about your husband.
One day, depressed of how her life was going, she drove past our church and stopped in on a whim.
Help me to stop focusing on all the things I dona€™t like about him and to startA working on all the things that need to change inside me.
We sponsored her that Christmas and had much joy running around buying her son Jared presents. Have you had moments when youa€™ve heard the Holy Spirit say, a€?Leave your husbandA alone, and Ia€™ll deal with hima€?? Over the next two years we connected a couple more times and gave her encouragement when we seen her. Did you leave your husband alone as the SpiritA instructed you, or did you keep hammering at him to do what you wanted?A 3.
Last year we gave her a gift card for a restaurant so that she and Jared could have a nice meal out together. She now has a good full time job with benefits, her son is doing fantastic in school, and she is looking exceptionally healthy and emotionally stable now.
For she took the courage in her slow death of life and laid all her hope at the foot of the cross. My wife and I thank God that he let us participate, even if it was very little, in her re-birth. Put into practice some of these ideas and soon you'll discover that those few quiet time minutes may become the most meaningful part of your day.A A So select a quiet place where you wona€™t be disturbed. Once you go to that place, shut the doorA to outside interference and to the voices that are constantly calling out for your attention. Shortly after the dream, we were visiting YWAM in Lebanon and they were showing us their prayer tent that they use in Lancaster and Cape Cod.
Focus onA only one thing: this very intimate and private time with the Father.A This is so important that you shouldna€™t delay in acting on it!
The truth is, IA havena€™t made my prayer time a priority in my life; therefore, I havena€™t been consistent inA prayer. This was with the hope that someone would step up to the plate and donate a space to erect it. So I am asking You to help me locate a time and place where I can be alone and uninterrupted with You. I am faithful to pray, to fellowshipA with the Father, to bare my heart before Him, and to listen to what His Spirit has toA say to me. What time of the day have you found to be best for you to really pray without being interrupted by other people or business?A 2.
When you do spend time in prayer, what is the average amount of time you stay in the Presence of God?
Can you honestly say you linger in His Presence, or do you have a a€?rush-in, rush-outa€? experience with the Lord?A 3. If you examine your prayer time, what do you find that you pray about more than anything else? However, recently the pastors of the Gathering Place (a project to help people with Aids) asked us to help bring CAP some clothes this winter. Seeing how attentively she takes care ofA their children and how she lovesA their sona€™s wife or daughter's husbands. Just open your mouth and ask.a€?A a€?Even though your promise may be postdated, remember whose signature is on the checka€? Pastor Pop-Pop 11-8--09.
What started out as something to just help pastor my children, has turned into something that may be helping lots of people. According to Yahoo my host, I have an average of 50 hits a week on the Pastor Pop Pop site. This weekend at a prayer tent at a local flea market, I seen a leg grow that was shorter than the other one. Every week from now on there will be two tabs to the right of the Home Page that will be new. But with all the distractions of modern life we often find ourselves living on spiritual snack food instead of a healthy diet of God's Word.
We will address both today and you may click on the Tab in future weeks to experience the Altar Call again. A Christian artist once said that when she was in another country and away from her Church, she would sit and pray alone and have communion by herself to remind her of her faith. That inspired my wife and me to do it occasionally by ourselves and with some of our Amish friends.
It can be about your body, mind, soul, family, friends, healing needed, finances, challenges, or anything that you wish. IT'S A MEETING, NOT A HABITPeople refer to the habit of daily Bible reading and prayer. Don't focus so much on the mechanics of the process that you miss the Person behind it. Turn away from your former self, study in the Word (the Bible) and find yourself a good Christian Church that will support you and help you grow in your faith. The Son being Jesus Christ who died on the cross at Calvary and shed his blood for our sins. I believe that since I now accept Him as my Lord and Savior that I have been washed clean of my sins and guilt by his blood. Jesus, I love you.a€? A If you prayed this simple prayer, you are saved and re-born in Him.
We are going to drown!a€? He replied, a€?You of little faith, why are you afraid?a€? Then he got up and rebuked the winds and the waves, and it was completely calm. The eyes of the Lord are upon those who love him; he is their mighty shield and strong support, a shelter from the heat, a shade from the noonday sun, a guard against stumbling, a help against falling. Although I own and study from many various different Bible translations, I personally normally use the NAB version. Occasionally I like to read some of the a€?missing books of the Biblea€? sometimes called the Apocrypha. They include the books of the books of Baruch, Judith, both Maccabees, Sirach, Tobit and the book of Wisdom. If youa€™re Amish (I do have some Amish readers), you may find these books in an earlier version of the King James printing. Any way, I was reading the book of Sirach and through some of the verses it was put on my heart that I treated this person somewhat wrongly and it could have been done through ambition or pride of mine.
I immediately broke down and confessed this sin to Jesus and asked for Goda€™s forgiveness. However, I will declare that the Lord has closed a door but he will surely open a new and better one. I choose to believe this truth and not the news media and evil spirits who would much rather us to believe that this bad economy, unemployment, and world affairs will defeat us. He was led by the Spirit in the wilderness, where he was tempted by the devil for forty days.
The Scriptures say, a€?People do not live by bread alone.a€™a€? Then the devil took him up and revealed to him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time. 12: For we are not fighting against flesh-and-blood enemies, but against evil rulers and authorities of the unseen world, against mighty powers in this dark world, and against evil spirits in the heavenly places. It is good for us to know the Scriptures and write some down to pray and declare a€?in Jesusa€™ namea€™ when we are being attacked.
When you are in the battles of life, say a verse or two out loud and declare it over your life in Jesusa€™ name.
Tell Satan to, a€?Get out of my life, body, mind, and soul and leave me alone in Jesusa€™ namea€? And use the arrows against him. Have mercy on me and hear my prayer.Go away, all you who do evil, for the Lord has heard my weeping.
He rescued me from my powerful enemies, from those who hated me and were too strong for me. I will thank the Lord because he is just; I will sing praise to the name of the Lord Most High. My enemies retreated; they staggered and died when you appeared.Turn and answer me, O Lord my God! Dona€™t let my enemies gloat, saying, a€?We have defeated him!a€? Dona€™t let them rejoice at my downfall.Even though I walk through the darkest valley, I will not be afraid, for you are close beside me. Protect my life from my enemiesa€™ threats.But God himself will shoot them with his arrows, suddenly striking them down. Pray and think on this thing called freedom, which we take for granted but is being eroded away.
37-40: Then He said to him (a Pharisee), a€?Love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind. 21: The one who pursues righteousness and faithful love will find life righteousness, and faithful love.
Many relatives were coming to our home to partake in the golden turkey and all the other foods and treats my wife prepared. So I will not be spending Thanksgiving having dinner around a table with my family like you are going to.
If people like you would not patronize this store on holidays and make sure that you have all your stuff the day before, it would be unlikely that they would stay open.
It also made me think about all the other stores that are open on these days and the countless others that have to work those days and cannot have an enjoyable time like some of the rest of us. And dona€™t forget to thank them for being there if you just cannot bear not to go to the store for that a€?emergencya€? item. 37-38: On the last day, the climax of the festival, Jesus stood and shouted to the crowds, a€?Anyone who is thirsty may come to me!
For the Scriptures declare, a€?Rivers of living water will flow from his hearta€™.a€?Matthew Chapter 11, vs.
On one day before his memorial service when we were all there at his home, his daughter went out in the backyard by her self. She was walking around in the back yard and my other brother and I decided to go out and comfort her.
She said that she looked up in the sky (it was blue and full of clouds that day) and, a€?I saw a very large white hand that seemed to reach down to mea€?. She stated that she felt it was her daddya€™s hand and because of this she felt better knowing that he was still watching over her. We may go through many troubles and trials in our lives but God will always be with us and never forsake us.
12-13: If a man has a hundred sheep and one of them goes astray, will he not leave the ninety-nine in the hills and go and search of the stray?
And if he finds it, amen, I say to you, he rejoices over it more than over the ninety-nine that did not stray. After a few days, the younger son collected all his belongings and set off to a distant country where he squandered his inheritance on a life of dissipation.
When he had freely spent everything, a severe famine struck that country, and he found himself in dire need.
So he hired himself out to one of the local citizens who sent him to his farm to tend the swine. Coming to his senses he thought, a€?How many of my fathera€™s hired workers have more than enough food to eat, but here am I, dying from hunger.
I shall get up and go to my father and I shall say to him, a€?Father, I have sinned against heaven and against you.
While he was a long way off, his father caught sight of him and was filled with compassion.
Loads of cars and cameras were set up by the Audubon society to just catch a glimpse of it. You may have had parents or grandparents that were religious and went to church and prayed. Perhaps you have done something you consider really bad and believe God just doesna€™t love you anymore. Through his Son, if you confess your sins and ask for his forgiveness, you will be washed clean again. One that will help you feel better, enriches your soul, shower you with His Word, and nurture your faith so it grows in the path of Christ. I wish to thank all my readers for visiting my web site this year and I hope that it helped in some way. She will give birth to a son and will call him Immanuel (which means a€?God is with usa€™).Micah Chapter 5, vs.
2: But you, O Bethlehem Ephrathah, are only a small village among all the people of Judah . God sent him to buy freedom for us who were slaves to the law, so that he could adopt us as his very own children.John Chapter 20, vs. 30-31: The disciples saw Jesus do many other miraculous signs in addition to the ones recorded in this book. But these are written so that you may continue to believe that Jesus the Messiah, the Son of God, and that by believing in him you will have life by the power of his name.Luke Chapter 2, vs. 9-12: Suddenly, an angel of the Lord appeared among them, and the radiance of the Lorda€™s glory surrounded them. The Savior a€“ yes, the Messiah, the Lord a€“ has been born today in Bethlehem, the city of David!
The names have been changed and the name of their Church deleted to help keep their identities secret.
It was at this Church that we also got baptized together and rededicated our lives to Christ. I desire a man after your own heart and if that is not Mark then remove him.a€? I also said, a€?But Lord, divorce is not your desire, I believe in you. Mark has too much pride to come down to the altar, but I know if you can make a Donkey talk, you can call him out!a€? (Read Numbers Chapter 22, vs.
God has something to say.a€? Now the Pastor did not know Mark and did not know what I had prayed before we came here, only God knew. I now read the Bible to them every day, monitor their TV, take them to Church, and lay hands on them and speak blessings into their lives.



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