This chapter is preceded by an epigraph from Book I, Chapter VI of Daniel Defoe's The Political History of the Devil as well Ancient as Modern (London: T. The novel opens with the two main characters, Gibreel Farishta and Saladin Chamcha, falling to earth because the plane they have been flying in has just been blown up by the terrorists who have hijacked it. A common meaning is "old holy man," but Rushdie points out that in this context it "means 'young fellow,' or even in certain contexts "mister" or "sir." (Hindi, Urdu) (personal communication from Salman Rushdie). Refrain from "The Whisky Song" from Bertolt Brecht and Kurt Weill's The Decline and Fall of the City of Mahagonny (1930) memorably recorded by Jim Morrison as "Alabama Song (Whisky Bar)" on the album The Doors.
After the publication of the novel, on December 21, 1988 Pan Am Flight 103 was blown up by a terrorist bomb over Lockerbie, Scotland, killing all on board in a manner strikingly reminiscent of the Flight A I-420 explosion. Allusion to the childhood rhyme by Eugene Field, "Wynken, Blynken, and Nod." Text of the poem. What aspects of the immigrant experience are alluded to in the bottom paragraph on this page?
Joel Kuortti points out that Rushdie had already discussed same song in his essay, "The Indian Writer in England." Information about Raj Kapoor. Jean Baptiste-Pierre Antoine de Lamarck (1744-1829) a French naturalist, developed the theory that characteristics acquired by living things during their lifetimes could be inherited by their offspring; an idea rejected by modern genetics. Refers to the classical myth of Daedalus, who tried to escape his island prison with his son Icarus using wings made of feathers fastened on with wax.
What attitudes characteristic of the two men falling are expressed by the songs they choose to sing? David Windsor points out that Thomson was a Scot (which explains why the title of his song refers to Great Britain rather than simply England).
Alludes to Ovid's Metamorphoses (1st century BC), which recounts many examples of people being transformed into other beings. Security clearance marking for highly secret data, often abbreviated "eyes only," also used as the title of a James Bond novel and film. A formerly popular image consisted of three monkeys covering, respectively, their eyes, ears, and mouth. An allusion to a reply of John Wesley when he was reproached for setting his hymns to popular tunes to the effect that the Devil shouldn't have all the best tunes.
Depicts a famous Indian film director under an alias composed of a typical Indian name and the first two initials of the famous Hollywood director of historical epics, D.
This Bombay golf club would seem to have been named after one in in Eastbourne, East Sussex.
Tantrism is a form of religion popular in Tibet and parts of northern India which sometimes involves extensive sexual imagery. This note left behind by Gibreel is punctuated so that it suggests an excerpt from a poem, but it is an original composition by Rushdie (personal communication from Salman Rushdie). Named after the world's highest mountain, this is located at the highest point in the most elegant residential district in Bombay. Scandal Point is located on Warden Road, now renamed Bhulabhai Desai Road (personal communication from Salman Rushdie).
The pretentious and tyrannical Shah of Iran who hosted a lavish celebration of 3,000 years of Persian history at the ancient capital of Persepolis shortly before he was overthrown in the Islamic revolution which is to loom large later in the novel.
The Colaba Causeway on the southern part of Bombay Island contains elegant hotels, restaurants, and shops. Kilims are a flat woven carpets, thinner than the traditional knotted sort, whose Farsi name is usually rendered "gleem" in the carpet trade. How is Rekha characterised in the paragraph beginning, "Who was she?" What are her main traits, and how are they symbolized here? RenÉ Lalique (1860-1945), French designer of elegant jewelry and other precious objects for the rich. A priceless traditional Hindu sculpture from the period of the Chola dynasty which ruled Southern India in the 9th-12th Centuries, C.E. Rekha Merchant's dive with her children from the Everest Vilas, imitating literally Gibreel's figurative "dive underground" on p.
Ancient Greek Gods who dwelled on Mount Olympus, associated here with Mount Everest, one of the tallest mountains in the world, north of India in the Himalayas, after which the lavish Everest Vilas where Rekha Merchant lived was named, and which Alleluia Cone has climbed. When an old star explodes it creates a brilliant new point of light in the sky as viewed from earth; the largest are known as supernovae. When a demon attempted to suckle the infant Krishna with her poisonous milk, he survived miraculously, but turned a deep blue color. An Indian fig tree (from the Sanskrit), ficus religosa, regarded as sacred by Buddhists because the Buddha achieved his enlightenment while meditating under one. What is the meaning of the contrast made on this page between divine reincarnation and secular incarnation?
A town in Maharashtra, the home and former operating base of Bhagwan Sri Rajneesh (later called "Osho") and his cult.
The name "Bombay" probably evolved from the name of a local earth goddess, Mumba Devi, or Mumbai. Ismail after the child involved in the sacrifice of Ibrahim Refers to the Islamic version of the story contained in Genesis 22 according to which God commanded Abraham to sacrifice his son Isaac; in this version it is his brother Ishmael who is involved. Lunchboxes (Hindi), typically containing hot foods cooked at home, then delivered to the workplace by a dabbawalla, a lunch-delivery person (Kuortti).
A soft cloth hat worn by members of the Congress party, notably Jawaharlal Nehru, as a symbol of nonsectarian support for a unified India.
The Japanese paunchy figure often called a Buddha is actually Hotei (Chinese Pu-tai), and is a deity of good fortune. Refers to a period in the life of the Prophet Muhammed, implying that he married for money.
The ultimate goal of pious Hindus is not reincarnation, which is technically viewed as a curse; but stepping off the wheel of rebirth (samsara) to achieve liberation (moksha). Fortuitously rhyming words in (respectively) Hindi and German implying that something has ceased. A common exclamatory Hindi phrase, literally meaning "father of father," but used to express a sense of amazement and wonder, among many other feelings. How does the young Gibreel learn about Muhammad, and how does this learning relate to the account of Mahound in the next chapter?
In Muslim tradition, powerful spirits which can transform themselves into various shapes, also spelled "jinns," "jinees," and "genies" (Arabic). Gibreel is imagining himself as a new bride, with the "sari pallu" drawn over his face, about to be married off to Babasaheb Mhatre. Alludes to the forty days of wandering in the wilderness which Christ underwent before he started preaching (Matthew 4:1-11) and to the fact that until recently it was forbidden in India to depict kissing on the screen. What do the items in the list which begins at the bottom of this page have to do with this novel? In Greco-Roman mythology Jupiter (Greek "Zeus" takes on many different forms, primarily in order to mate with human women, using the Indian term "avatar" (see note above, p. Arachne, who was turned into a spider for daring criticize the gods in a weaving contest with Athena.
Ancient Hindu scriptures (400 BCE-1400 CE) derived from oral traditions surrounding the Vedas and the Mahabharata, concentrating on tales of Shiva and Vishnu (Kuortti) (Sanskrit). His adventures, based on tales in the Ramayana, are extremely popular in India and throughout much of the rest of Asia.
Pun on "Grace Kelly," a fifties film beauty, later the Princess of Monaco, and "Kali," the destroyer goddess of Hindu mythology.
A remote town in NW Rajastan built from sandstone in 1156 by a Bhatti Rajput prince, Mahwarawal Jaisal, famous for its exquisite Jain temples and other historic buildings, from which these carved stone lattices were probably taken.
Rushdie was probably thinking of Ali Khan, a notorious playboy of the royal family of Egypt, fond of both drink and Hollywood stars. Literally "wife's brother" (Hindi, Urdu) or "brother-in-law," but typically used as an insult, implying "I sleep with your sister." Not to be confused with bhaenchud.
God, Satan, Paradise and Hell all vanished one day in my fifteenth year, when I quite abruptly lost my faith. From that day to this, I have thought of myself as a wholly secular person, and have been drawn towards the great traditions of secular radicalism--in politics, socialism; in the arts, modernism and its offspring--that have been the driving forces behind much of the history of the twentieth century.
Title of a 1945 movie about a frustrated love affair that develops when two commuters meet on a train. An allusion to the common expression "ships that pass in the night," meaning people who just barely miss meeting each other or have only the most fleeting of encounters.
First reference to a repeated image, which may have been suggested by a passage in one of Rushdie's favorite novels, Laurence Stern's Tristram Shandy (1760, Vol.1, Chapter 23).
Why does Saladin react the way he does to the migrant laborer's refusal to fasten his seat belt? His first name suggests that of one of the greatest plunderers in history: the early 13th century Mongol Genghiz (or Chingis) Khan. English adventurer and orientalist (in both the traditional and new senses of the term), responsible for the most popular translation the Arabian Nights into English as well as for other translations conveying a sense of the "exotic" (that is to say, erotic) East, such as the Kama Sutra of Vatasyayana and The Perfumed Garden of Sheikh al-Nefzawi. There was a historical connection of temple dancing with prostitution, so that temple dancing was eventually forbidden by the government. A term used to describe an elaborate structure, often meant to imitate some ancient architectural style. An art movement of the sixties characterized by geometric abstraction involving carefully chosen colors which have powerful optical effects when used together. The first volume in Isaac Asimov's extremely popular and influential series of novels depicting the decline and fall of a future galactic empire modelled on ancient Rome. One of the best-selling of all SF novels, published first in 1950, and depicting the pollution and genocide brought to Mars by human immigrants from Earth. The gallows where executions were formerly carried out, an ominous geographical reference for Saladin's first experience in London. Describe how Changez treats his son while they are in London and try to explain why he behaves as he does. One of a series of popular comic films about fiendishly mischievous young girls wreaking havoc in an English public school, based on the cartoons of Ronald Searle.
Vishnugupta (his personal name) Chaanakya (son of Chaanak) Kautilya (of the kutila gotra, a descendent of Kutila).
This is a pun on "pigeon-breasted," since the phrase usually refers to a man with a small or underdeveloped chest. A repeated motif in the novel, derived originally from the torment imposed on the slave Bilal by his master, trying to get him to renounce Islam. William the Conqueror was the leader of the Norman invasion which conquered England in 1066 at the Battle of Hastings. A pampered, sissifed boy, somewhat unfairly derived from Frances Hodgson Burnett's 1886 novel, Little Lord Fauntleroy about a waif who discovers he is actually their heir to a British title.
After a prolonged series of border skirmishes over Kashmir, full-blown war erupted in late August of 1965 and again in 1971. Literally "destroyed just like that, for no reason." Common Bombay slang expression (Hindi). Note that the description of Saladin's parents' attitude toward Islam matches that which Rushdie attributes to his own parents.
A theatrical troupe named after the magician-hero of Shakespeare's final play, The Tempest.
Leon Trotsky (Lev Davidovich Bronstein) (1879-1940), after helping Lenin lead the Russian Revolution, broke with his successor Stalin and advocated from exile a more radical and idealistic version of revolutionary politics than the new leader was working out in the Soviet Union.
Peter Sellers English comedian (1925-1980) perhaps best remembered now for his role as Inspector Clousseau in the Pink Panther movies, but also known for performing various roles as an Indian. Her first name (Zeenat) may be a tribute to Bombay star Zeenat Aman, who got her start in films in 1973 in Hare Rama Hare Krisha, playing a character much like the younger Zeeny Saldin remembers on the next page. Insulting British term for people of other races, used here defiantly as an assertive label for Indians who refuse to be assimilated to Britain. Mary Quant was a leading fashion designer in London's swinging sixties, this refers to her cap-like hairstyle. Perhaps named after the character in Shakespeare's The Tempest, a favorite play for deconstruction by writers from formerly colonized nations who view it as an allegory of imperialism.
His name may be a tribute to the famous Indian painter, Bhupen Khakhar, who painted Rushdie's portrait which is now in London, at the National Portrait Gallery.
Zeeny ironically uses the careless generalized label by which British speakers refer to all manner of people from Asia. The monstrous dictator of Uganda was known to store the body parts of some of his victims for cannibalistic dining. Columbus mistakenly dubbed the people he met in the Caribbean "Indians" because he believed he had reached the Indies. The Hindustan Ambassador is Indian-manufactured luxury car based on the British classic Morris Oxford Series II, little changed in style from the 50s original.
Hijras are technically transsexuals whose male genitals have been transformed into female ones through a crude operation. Note how the childhood home of Saladin is lumped in with fantasy lands by Lewis Carroll, James Barrie, and L. According to Zeeny, what was the difference between the Bombay Saladin remembers from his childhood and the real Bombay? Jains do not worship gods, but they do venerate saints, and decorate temples with their images. In March of 1985, thousands of Islamic refugees from Bangladesh were massacred by Hindus in the Indian province of Assam. Combined with the phrase about stepping through the looking-glass on the top of the next page, this image relates to the theme of the glass-encased body which recurs throughout the novel. In Genesis 11:1-9 God prevents the completion of the skyward-reaching Tower of Babel by multiplying the languages of the builders so that they can accomplish no more. The dark-skinned Dravidians who predominate in southern India are traditionally considered inferior by the lighter-skinned Aryans of the north.
A typical Indian expression of the sort Saladin has worked so hard to purge from his speech. Echoes the traditional title of The Arabian Nights: The Tale of a Thousand Nights and a Night and The Man of a Thousand Faces.
Chubby, like the bulging Michelin man used by the French tire company as its symbol (see below, p. A famous 1863 painting by Edouard Manet of a nude woman of doubtful virtue, parodying the 1538 Venus of Urbino by Titian.
The more familiar Jewish history of exile and genocide is here joined to that of the Armenians, who have seldom ruled over a homeland of their own, being overrun and subjected in turn by Iranians and Turks. A pun on the name of Pygmalion, the classical Greek sculptor who fell in love with his own creation and brought her to life.
Pun on "Australian' and "alien," connected to the name "Matilda," of Australia's most famous song, Waltzing Matilda. Technically, the grotesque sculpted heads which serve as downspouts on the roofs of Gothic churches, but more generally any such grotesque decorative sculpture.

Elaborate complex built in Delhi by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in the mid-17th century, Lal Qual'ah.
Valuable figurines of the kind known as "Meissen porcelain" produced in the eastern German city of Dresden beginning in 1710.
A general term which comprises sacrificial offerings, prayers, and many other reverential acts in Hinduism (Hindi). Refers not to Hemingway's The Old Man and the Sea, but to an episode in Sinbad's fifth travel (83-84 nights). Raja Ravi Varma Koil Tampuran of Kilimanoor (1848-1906) came from an aristocratic family that had a strong interest in art. Starred in Hindu "mythologicals" (in the novel called "theologicals") and was elected head of Andhra Pradesh.
Brahmin film star whose appearance in Ayodhyecha Raja (1932) helped to legitimize respectable actresses performing in films. Traditional Indian temple dancers who make a characteristic movement of their heads from side to side without turning their faces (Sanskrit, Hindi). A Hebrew demon featured in the deuterocanonical book of Tobit (3:8), associated in Jewish tradition as well with Solomon. Isaiah 14:12 addresses the conquered king of Babylon as Lucifer "How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning!" This verse was interpreted by early Christians as referring to Satan. International businessmen's organization founded in Chicago in 1905, promotes peace and community work. Portuguese navigator, first European to sail around Cape Horn to find a sea route to Asia in 1498, was appointed Viceroy to India in 1524, but died and was buried only three months after he arrived, in Cochin, where Dumsday has just been speaking. The film would seem to be "Foul Play," a 1978 preposterous detective caper film invoving a plot to assassinate the Pope set in San Francisco, though Chevy Chase's costar was not Shelley Long, but Goldie Hawn. Sikhs are traditionally named "Singh." Several notorious incidents involving Sikh separatists had happened in the period preceding the publication of the novel, including the assassination of Indira Gandhi.
This Nepalese mountain has several peaks,the highest of which is now believed to be slightly higher than the figure Gibreel recites.
In Tibetan religious belief he is an incarnation of Avalokitesvara, the guardian bodhisattva of Tibet.
Reminiscent of the albatross in Samuel Taylor Coleridge's poem, "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner," which tells the story of a ship whose crew almost all died at sea, as the passengers of this jumbo jet are about to die. This is everything we need to know: his name, his relationship with us, and the assurance of his presence. When you feel defeated, exhausted, depleted, it’s time to step back and give God room in your life to wage war against your enemies. The original Hebrew isn’t much help, offering several different meanings for the verb, charash. When I hold my tongue, rather than scold my husband about leaving his dirty socks on the floor—again—that’s love.
And if my husband doesn’t say a word when a mail-order package arrives from Jessica London—again—that’s love. Quietly, gently, “he will calm all your fears” (NLT) and “give you new life” (NLV) and “show you his love once again” (WYC). The subject line for my latest Encouragement to Go newsletter was, “Have I told you lately that God loves you?” That’s what this verse tells us—spilling over with joy, filling the air with music. As I read other ladies thoughts I too have been blessed to think of God singing over me with His love. Those are Laura Story’s amazing lyrics, and no wonder they minister to you on these sleepless nights, dear Susan. Just a few months go I taught my four grandchildren this verse and we put the words to a song…I long to hear The Lord sing over me and have enjoyed many hours of his blessings in many ways. Oh Liz, those words spoken over you by your abusive husband were straight from the mouth of our enemy. Coming home tonight from a long drive bringing my grandson home I knew God had been with me. The Bible is a sacred scripture that has been, since time immemorial, a great source of not only wisdom but also a storehouse of vigorous transformational verses. We are then told a good deal of detail about their backgrounds, their occupations, their love affairs, and how they happened to find themselves together on the plane. Two famous 13th-century Persian didactic classics by Sadi are titled Bostan and Gulistan (Mojtabai 3). On June 14, 1985 a TWA flight was hijacked by a band of Shiite terrorists, from Athens to a series of airports, ending in Beiruit, where the plane sat on the runway until July 1, with people being released at various intervals. 79 [80] it is said that the women and children were all previously released by the hijackers. But when Icarus flew too close to the sun, the wax melted and he plunged to his death in the sea.
Thomson went to England in search of work and had to take lessons to change his accent; so he, like so many others in this novel, was a colonial immigrant. It's a novel in which people change shape, and which addresses the great questions about a change of shape, about change, which were posed by Ovid: about whether a change in form was a change in kind.
This sort of expression, with paired words differing only in their beginnings, is common in Urdu as well as in English ("higgledy-piggledy," "mumbo-jumbo") and is one of Rushdie's favorite linguistic devices. Several temples at Khajuraho were built under the Chandela (or Candella) of Bundelkhand in the 10th and 11th centuries AD, covered with detailed carvings of gods, humans, and animals in all manner of sexual activities. The misspelling of "villas" may satirize the tendency for English names to be rendered with a quaint twist in India. The implication is that Rekha aspires to connoisseurship in using these technical terms, but mispronounces them, as she does "antiques" below. A Natraj or Nataraja is a traditional depiction of a six-armed Shiva dancing in a ring of fire. 13 [14], may allude to a moment in the life of Muhammad when he was tempted to throw himself down from Mount Hira (Haykal 79).
There are movies in Bombay where you get a deus ex machina: it is not uncommon for a god to arrive at an important moment in the plot and play a part. Their devotion to him is expressed in highly sexual terms which are taken allegorically by Hindus.
Protected by his parents from knowledge of death, aging and disease, he was shocked to discover at the age of seven that suffering existed and twenty-nine left his home to find a way to deal with this knowledge. A bodhi tree in Bodhgaya, Birhar (NE India) is said to be a descendent of the tree under which Buddha meditated (Westphal).
The Mughal Dynasty of Muslim rulers was founded when Babur invaded India in 1526 and governed much of northern India until the 18th Century. According to some beliefs, Maitreya, the Buddha of the future, will be incarnated in the form of Hotei, so that Hotei is often regarded as a Bodhisattva. Frank Baum novel, The Wizard of Oz, all those who enter the Emerald City must wear green glasses, which turns out to be a ruse by the wizard to deceive people into thinking that the city is really all green. The first of many references in the book which many Muslims find blasphemous, and which is labelled as such here by the author, though the thought is attributed to Gibreel, not Rushdie. When the new husband lifts the "sari pallu" off his new wife's face (theoretically seeing her for the first time), it is a very erotic moment (Windsor).
The title given her here is possibly also an allusion to Manuel Puig's novel Kiss of the Spiderwoman, or to the 1985 movie based on it. Since no one has yet succeeded in developing such a theory, it remains as fantastic as the other elements mentioned in this list. Rushdie notes, however, that this is actually a three-way pun, alluding to another sense of "'kali," "a flower-bud .
Rajiv was at school (Doon) with Amitabh Bachchan, and went to the hospital when Amitabh was injured in the real-life incident that this part of Gibreel's life-story is based upon. The original edition of his translation of the Arabian Nights (Benares, 1885-1888) was in 16 volumes, but there have been several subsequent editions in various formats.
In the south Indian state of Karnataka, hundreds of young women are given away as "godly slave girls" in the Bharata Poornima festival. In Saladin Chamcha's paternal home in Bombay there's a reproduction of the triumphal arch of this Roman Emperor.
Rushdie has a well-known interest in science fiction: his first published novel, Grimus, is science fiction.
The story of Changez' surly treatment of his son in the city reflects Rushdie's own experience with his father when he was first taken to London to school (Hamilton 94) when they stayed at the Cumberland Hotel, at Marble Arch. He is reputedly the author of the Arthasastra, and a legendary advisor to princes, including Chandragupta (the first emperor of that name). When he continued to recite "God is one, God is one" under this torture, Abu Bakr bought and freed him (Haykal 91 and Armstrong 121). Rushdie claims that this story happened to him, and is "one of the very few stories I've used in fiction which needed no embellishment at all" (Hamilton 94; see also Lawson 58).
The French-speaking Normans became the new English nobility and imported much of their culture with them.
Because the play is set on a Caribbean island and features a savage, beastly native, it is often referred to by writers from Britain's former colonies as reflecting imperialist prejudices. Furthermore, according to Shaw, he "speaks English too well to be mistaken for a Native" (Shaw 922).
After he was assassinated in Mexico, his Fourth International continued to campaign for his ideas. On December 3, 1984, the Union Carbide Plant there released clouds of methyl isocyanate into the air which killed 2,500 people and grievously harmed many others. Sheridan, speaking at Fort Cobb in 1869, commented "the only good Indians I ever saw were dead" usually misquoted as "The only good Indian is a dead Indian." A brief biography of Sheridan. The story of both these paintings is told in the 1995 BBC film "Salman Rushdie and the Lost Portrait" (Kuortti). When he came to power, he targeted the many Indian residents of the country, especially those active in trade.
The name stuck even after it was obvious that he had been mistaken, and the islands were named the West Indies.
A "toady" is an obsequious yes-man; but the term also puns on the name of Mister Toad, comic hero of The Wind in the Willows by Kenneth Grahame (1908).
The Amazons of myth were women who dressed and fought as men, the opposite sort of transsexual to the hijras.
Its leader, Bal Thackeray, objected to what he took to be a satirical portrait of himself in Rushdie's The Moor's Last Sigh under the guise of "Raman Fielding." William Thackeray and Henry Fielding were both famous English novelists. It is appropriate that Zeeny is drinking it as she denounces the common taste for "goods from foreign;" but she wouldn't have had any choice since India banned both Coca-Cola and Pepsi until very recently. Most news reports focussed on the involvement of ignorant peasants, but in fact better-educated Hindus, including college students, were also involved. In Seven Tiles one team's objective is to stack seven stones inside a small circle while the other team tries to prevent them by hitting them with a rubber ball (Sudhakar).
Matrimonial ads often specify "wheatish complexion;" but she acknowledges that Saladin is right in refusing to attribute her single state to her skin coloring.
1482) depicting an idealized nude woman and imitating classical sculptures from ancient Greece. The latter massacred them wholesale in the late 19th century and at the end of World War I. Bohemia has no seacoast; but Shakespeare, ignorant of that fact, famously set Act 3, Scene 3 of The Winter's Tale in "Bohemia.
The original ties in with the theme of immigration (Ruth was a foreigner in Israel), but Rushdie implies the Alien Korns derive their name from their propensity for sleeping with groupies. Several Bombay film titles allude directly to it, such as Arek Prem Kahini (A New Love Story). Changez is being compared specifically to the eccentric millionaire Howard Hughes, who spent the latter part of his life secluded in a Las Vegas penthouse.
Changez's tendency to transform his face in monstrous ways foreshadows his son's similarly monstrous transformations.
Popeye's comic strip enemy was originally named Brutus, but he was renamed Bluto in the animated cartoons.
Hamza is the uncle of the Prophet; the Dastan-e-Amir Hamzah is a collection of stories of the life of this man, but is largely concerned with his adventures before he met the Prophet.
After the battle "Hind carved open Hamza's breast, tore out the liver of the man who had killed her father at Badr, chewed it up and spat it out." (Rodinson 181 and Armstrong 186-189). Raja Ravi Varma laid the foundations of oil painting in India; he was the first to follow European realistic styles, though he never studied overseas, being afraid of thereby losing caste. Ramachandran, Tamil Nadu's Ronald Reagan, who made numerous Robin Hood movies in which he defended the common man from various villains. Darwin began his career as a theist, and wrestled for years with his doubts as the evidence against the existence of the Biblical Creator mounted. Generally viewed as a conservative organization which Rushdie presumes might welcome a speaker such as Dumsday.
Most of the heights of these mountains recited by Chamcha differ slightly from later measurements, the last two are listed in the wrong order, and two are omitted from the sequence: Cho Oyu, 8153 meters and Lhotse, 8,501 meters (Kuortti). The closest thing to this quotation I have found is "The crisis consists precisely in the fact that the old is dying and the new cannot be born" (Gramsci 276). Burleigh retelling the story of Joshua's miraculous destruction of the city of Jericho (see Joshua 6).
Many languages around the world have more than one to express this noble and beautiful emotion. The love of a spouse, love between siblings, parents and children, the destitute and society are all unique. Whenever the truth of God’s love is yanked from our grasp by a culture that focuses on the negative and majors in being cynical, it’s time to dive into his Word and be refreshed. The God of the universe, the one who claimed you long before you claimed him, is “in your midst” (LEB).
I’m gazing out my living room window at a glorious stream of sunlight pouring across our lawn. Rest assured—I mean truly rest—knowing “his power gives you victory” (GNT), his “strength shall deliver thee” (KNOX), and he is “the champion who will rescue you” (VOICE). There was a time when I felt no one could love me, but now I know that the Lord of heaven and earth rejoices over me. It reminds me of when my children were little and I would hold them in my arms and cuddle them close and quietly sing to them.
It is said that, although the Bible has been written by man, its powerful message comes from the intercession of the Holy Spirit.Meaningful Bible verses, which they come in replete with, help people understand what this great book holds.
Then the story of the hijacking is told, leading up to the moment of explosion which began the novel. On June 23, 1985, Air India (AI) Flight 182, en route from Canada via London to India, crashed into the ocean 120 miles southwest of Ireland, killing all on board. In Midnight's Children Rushdie says that the number symbolizes "fraud and deception" (193).

Daedalus is also the last name of the protagonist of James Joyce's Ulysses, a work often alluded to in The Satanic Verses. Whether there is an essence in us which survives transmutation, given that, even if we don't change into, you know, cloven-hoofed creatures, there is a great deal of change in everybody's life. This looks like the lyrics to a song, but the words are original with Rushdie (personal communication from Salman Rushdie).
Bilimoria were popular stars beginning in the silent era and Fali Billimoria directed documentaries in the 1950s. He uses it throughout Midnight's Children, but there are also other examples in The Satanic Verses: "glum chum," "moochy pooch" (both on p. The Rushdie family home in India is called "Anees Villa Estate." See below, note on Solan, p. He bears a crescent moon on his brow, has serpents entwined around him, holds a flame in the open palm of one hand, dances on a dwarf symbolizing ignorance and beats out a rhythm on a drum.
Much of the art and architecture we now associate with India, such as the Taj Mahal, actually consists of Persian-influenced Mughal-era creations. Reincarnation is basic to Hinduism, both for gods and humans, as well as other living beings. Picture of a house facade in Jaisalmer including typical carved stone screens on its balconies. They become temple prostitutes or servants of the prostitute cult called "Servants of the Goddess Yellamma." Many young women have been sold into Bombay brothels under the belief that they were serving the Goddess Yellamma.
In the Kathasaritsagar, an 11th-century work by Somadev, the first story in the "Madanamancuka" section, tells how the Buddhist king of Taxila, Kalingadatta, makes Ratnadatta perform a deed similar to the one described here. Much that we think of as characteristically English, including the language itself, was shaped by this historical encounter. However, in the 1960 movie adaptation, Peter Sellers played the doctor role with his patented Indian accent.
Trotskyist organizations tend to present themselves as the purest of the pure revolutionaries. Union Carbide's handling of the aftermath was widely viewed as cynical and grossly inadequate. Zeeny puns on the phrase in the title of her book to argue that rigid stereotypes--even good ones--of Indians should be avoided, rejecting the strictures of Hindu fundamentalists who seek to censure (and censor) "bad" Indians like Rushdie. 183-184) used ironically by Aldous Huxley for the title of his dystopian novel, Brave New World. The comic book character of Wonder Woman is supposedly an Amazon, though she is extremely womanly in appearance. Interview with Vijaya Nagarajan in Whole Earth (Fall 1999) in which Rushdie talks about the influence of Shiv Sena in modern Bombay.
The myth is in turn the source for the title of George Bernard Shaw's play Pygmalion in which a professor transforms a cockney waif into the toast of London by teaching her how to speak like a lady, a theme closely related to the themes of The Satanic Verses. But none of these forms of struggle confront the conflict between the base and superstructure of the semi-capitalist, semi-feudal, male-dominated society that these Bombay love-story films endlessly depict; understandably, these films endlessly erase the possibilities of class struggles. The particular version of the romance that was executed at Akbar's court is now largely vanished; only a few hundred cloths remain of an original 14,000 (it would have been the greatest of all illuminated manuscripts). He was enormously popular, particularly for his paintings of religious subjects, but suffered the fate of other realistic painters throughout the world with the advent of modernism in art and became sneered at.
A word is rhymed with another word which is part of a word phrase, of which only the non-rhyming part is usually spoken.
Joel Kuortti suggests Dumsday's first name, Eugene, may ironically refer to eugenics, systematic breeding which artificially imitates the process of evolution.
He was not, as fundamentalists like Dumsday often suppose, a dogmatic atheist whose evolutionary beliefs were designed to reinforce his skepticism; rather he tried repeatedly to accommodate religious sensibilities in his work. 131 [135]); but because of its use in this verse has come to be connected with the tradition of Satan's fall from Heaven.
The 14th one is Tenzin Gyatso (1937-), who received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1989; after the 1959 Chinese occupation of Tibet he was exiled in Dharamsala, Punjab, India, where he created an alternative democratic government (Kuortti).
Rushdie comments, "So many variations of the phrase were common in the conversation of both Indian and British leftists that I felt free to describe it as an old chestnut.
Since the story in the Bible is presented as a victory, the image is appropriate for the upbeat twist Rushdie gives the bombing.
There are contextual occurrences referring to a number of verses on love throughout the 66 books of the Bible. Love is commonly interpreted in the terms of affection, passion, romance, strong liking, sexual attraction or intimacy and even benevolence. But, even as we view each of these relationships differently, the common binding force remains 'selflessness'. Hidden in the trees, a dozen birds are carrying on a musical conversation, while a soft breeze ruffles the summer-green leaves on our old maple. The enemy will try to convince you that God has forgotten you, neglected you, abandoned you, turned his back on you, but that’s simply not possible.
I have always loved to sing praises to God, but I never thought about the verses that say He loves to sing and rejoice over us!
At first I wanted to imagine what My Father’s voice would sound like and then I thought no, my mind so bound by this world would diminish His music. It was passed along to me by one of her church friends, who had come to OKC to help in the aftermath of the May 20th and 31st tornadoes. Your Father not only sings sweet love to you, His little one but He draws you near into His protection as He sings. A close call made me realize that angels do watch out for me and my grandson slept peacefully on as my heart raced for a few moments watching the car swerve next to me.
Inspirational Bible verses are a comfort as well as reminder of the love and compassion that the Lord has for His people.
The verses of the Bible give people hope, help in making the correct choices, and put thought into actions. Defoe's location of Satan's abode as the air is of course highly appropriate for this novel in which the demonic falls from the air.
Some Indian readers saw a parallel of this scene to a scene in An Evening in Paris (Paris Ki Ek Shyam, 1967, dir. Rajiv Gandhi cancelled a trip abroad, came home to sit by his bedside, and so on and so on. However, her first name is probably a joking pun on the name of Bombay star Dimple Kapadia.
Many Hindus, especially those of lower castes, converted to Islam during this era, giving rise to families like that of Gibreel, and Rushdie himself. Rushdie is a serious Oz fan and authored a tribute to the film (The Wizard of Oz, London: British Film Institute, 1992). The moment of awakening happened, in fact, during a Latin lesson, and afterwards, to prove my new-found atheism, I bought myself a rather tasteless ham sandwich, and so partook for the first time of the forbidden flesh of the swine. As a "post-colonial" immigrant Rushdie likes to remind the English that they also have been colonized in the past. The most famous Trotskyist actress is Vanessa Redgrave, whose political activities have been the target of much criticism. As Margareta Petersson points out, "She looks upon Indian history as based on the principle of borrowing the clothes that fit, Aryan, Mughal and British. Farrukh Dhondy in his novel Bombay Duck writes, "The Moghul emperors had a man to feed them, to hold the spoon and bring it to their mouths. But she plays in turn the part of an invading imperialist, as the protesting ghosts in the houses she buys make clear. The play was transformed in 1956 by Alan Jay Lerner and Frederick Lowe into the musical, My Fair Lady.
He made "mythologicals" like the kind Gibreel Farishta stars in (note by Srinivas Aravamudan, see also Avramudan "Being God's Postman" 9).
Our “powerful soldier” (ERV), our “hero” (GW), our “savior” (NLT) never grows weary, never lays down his weapons, celebrating “victory after victory” (CEV) on our behalf. Instead, they promise, “he will quiet you by his love” (ESV), or “create calm with his love” (CEB), or “rest in his love” (ASV).
Clearly this is something the Lord enjoys doing, because he promises to “laugh and be happy” (ERV) as he lets loose “shouts of joy” (GW). Earlier this afternoon I was sitting on the dock having some quiet, prayerful time alone with just the dragonflies zooming around me.
I read it rather quickly, and I think it was a bit too soon after our loss of our Moore home on May 20th. I feel peace when I read this verse and calmness as I acknowledge the fact that God loves me so much that he sings over me. Shakti Samanta), a Bombay film in which Shammi Kapoor descended from a helicopter singing to a water-skiing Sharmila Tagore, "Asman se aya farishta" ("An angel has descended from the sky") (Ali 295). And whether we are just a collection of moments, or whether there is some kind of defining thread. They've, more or less exclusively, been a South Indian form and it's Tamil cinema that has particularly gone in for them.
70 [71], showing the giant trapped in a well, is in the holdings of the Victoria and Albert Museum. For us humans, the true meaning of love is in the essence of loving Him, loving ourselves and loving one another. Even though man has challenged newer frontiers in the new millennium, there is just as much hatred and evil in this world today, as there has ever been. I was not as fully open to Danielle’s account of her own loss and healing after the May 22, 2011 Joplin, tornado. My heart melts when I think of how much love I have for my grandson and can’t begin to fathom how much God loves me. The book discusses that, I think, it uses the idea of physical metamorphosis in order to discuss that.
Imagine that you're reading a certain kind of book and you're suddenly stuck with another kind of book. Rushdie would seem not have remembered the play accurately, though he makes a point of having Zeeny acknowledge, "Song is not in drama" (p. Their collection of these manuscripts is primarily made up of ones found covering windows in Srinagar. In the present instance, in the question, "Fancy a fuck?" (American equivalent: "Wanna fuck?") "fuck" has been linked to "Donald Duck" and "Donald" substituted for the word. The Bible has segments of text dedicated to a number of popular issues such as friendship, love, self-control and marriage.
There is and never will be an excuse for some of the barbaric and heinous acts of murder, assaults, robberies, rape and abduction that we see happening all around us daily, regardless of our ideologies and religious beliefs.
She took the title of her book from this verse, as she remembered singing over her son as she held him in her arms as flying glass surrounded them, and the mighty wind destroyed the hospital building where they had sought refuge. 51) Shaw's Egyptian doctor winds up engaged to the millionairess of the title, who is almost as fierce and destructive as Pamela Chamcha. The image recurs when Gibreel is forced to bear "the old man of the sea" (in this case, the 1) on his shoulders (212 [218]). Print up a t-shirt with the words "Fancy a" followed by a picture of Donald Duck and a question mark, and you have a Fancy-a-Donald T-shirt of a cheerful vulgarity likely to appeal to the members of the Prospero Players who probably safely assume their fellow Indians at home will not get the joke. After reading this verse today, I can reread her words looking back on her own struggle to regain her sense of normalcy. The Islamic heaven, at least as I had come to conceive it, had seemed very appealing to my adolescent self. In fact, the Bible was the first major script to be printed between 1455 and 1457, by the inventor of the printing press, Johannes Gutenberg. As she held her son, God held her, just as My God held me that day my husband and I watched the ceiling and roof fly over our heads. I expected to be provided, for my personal pleasure, with four beautiful female spirits, or houris,, untouched by man or djinn. My Lord was singing over me too, and as this verse reminds us that each day, He continues to be our “ever-loving singing warrior”!
You give me your shield of victory, and your right hand sustains me; you stoop down to make me great.
Most Christian homes own a copy of the Bible and Bible Code, and the followers of Christianity refer to it for reasons other than prayer and worship. Bible verses on love offer the Christian reader or reader of any other faith an insight into the emotion and its value.
Bible verses follow canto and thought of parables and lineages to spotlight emotion and ethics.
As far as the emotion of love is concerned, the text is full of reference and potent with scope for application. They carry messages and examples of effective and practical living and are the corner-stones of sermons and reference tools.Bible Verses About LoveVerses in the Bible communicate messages and the acts of God. Let us not become conceited, provoking one another, envying one another." - Galatians 5:22-26"The Lord is my light and my salvation - whom shall I fear? The literal meaning of these verses may be debatable, but it is undeniable that the expressions are concise and very encouraging. The Lord is the stronghold of my life - of whom shall I be afraid?" - Psalm 27:1"Beloved, let us love one another, for love is from God, and whoever loves has been born of God and knows God.
The words and phrases seem preordained to challenge human intellect and enable people to make the right choices. Love is extolled within many relationships in the Bible.God's LoveThis is a perfect example of unconditional love, like that of God and parents for their children. Man's Love For GodThis verse relates to the kind of love expected of us and what we are capable of.
The fact that every relationship, like that between us and God needs total concentration in togetherness, is put across so beautifully.Love Among Fellow HumansThese Bible verses on love are great examples of the kind of understanding and trust that we need to nurture in our relationships with one another.
The importance of hope, and selflessness is well highlighted.Love is patient, love is kind. It is not rude, it is not self-seeking, it is not easily angered, it keeps no record of wrongs. Even though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil, for you are with me; your rod and your staff, they comfort me. The boundary lines have fallen for me in pleasant places; surely I have a delightful inheritance. For this light momentary affliction is preparing for us an eternal weight of glory beyond all comparison, as we look not to the things that are seen but to the things that are unseen. Use these inspirational Bible verses to get you through the day, where sharing them with those you know and love will give you immense joy.

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