We have the largest print-on-demand fulfillment network in the world with 15 manufacturing centers in five different countries. If you can't find the answers to your question on our FAQ page, please submit a support ticket, and our staff will respond to your question(s) right away. Judy Garland (June 10, 1922 – June 22, 1969), born Frances Ethel Gumm, was an American film actress considered by many to be one of the greatest singing stars of Hollywood's Golden Era of musical film. At the age of 2, the young Frances Gumm made her first appearance on stage singing the chorus of Jingle Bells, as part of a trio with her two sisters under the name of the Gumm Sisters. After a string of minor roles, at the age of 16 she landed the role of "Dorothy" in the MGM film The Wizard of Oz, and has been associated ever since with the song "Over the Rainbow." She received an honorary Academy Award for her performance in the film. Throughout the 1940s, Garland's films increased in popularity, making her the most critically and financially successful female musical star of the time.
Garland's other famous films of the 1940s include The Harvey Girls (1946) (in which she introduced "On the Atchison, Topeka and the Santa Fe"), The Pirate, and Easter Parade (both 1948).
In September 1945, Garland married MGM director Vincente Minnelli and, in March 1946, Garland gave birth to a daughter, Liza. Garland was signed to appear as Annie Oakley in Annie Get Your Gun (1950), but the film put much strain on her health. Garland turned to live concert appearances and appeared on various television specials in the early 50s.
Although she made no other films in the 1950s, Garland's films after A Star is Born include Judgment at Nuremberg (1961) (for which she was nominated for Best Actress in a Supporting Role), the animated feature, Gay Purr-ee (1962), A Child is Waiting (1963), co-starring Burt Lancaster, and her final film entitled I Could Go On Singing (1963), which mirrored her own life in the story of a fading singing star.
After hugely successful television specials and guest appearances in the early 1960s, CBS made a $24 million offer to Garland for a weekly television series of her own, The Judy Garland Show, which was deemed at the time in the press to be "the biggest talent deal in TV history." The television series was critically praised, but, for a variety of reasons, including the fact it was placed in the same time slot as Bonanza, lasted only one season, and went off the air in 1964, after 26 episodes. With the demise of her television series, Garland returned to the stage and made various television appearances. In February 1967, Garland was signed to appear as "Helen Lawson" in Valley of the Dolls for 20th Century Fox. By early 1969, Garland's health had fallen rapidly and she made her last concert appearance in Copenhagen, Denmark. The shortcomings of Garland's childhood years became more apparent as she struggled to overcome various personal problems, including weight gain and serious drug addiction.
Garland's first notice by studio executives came after singing "You Made Me Love You" to Clark Gable at a birthday party held by the studio for the King of Judy Garland as Dorothy Gale in The Wizard of Oz Hollywood.


After Oz, Garland became one of MGM's most bankable stars, proving particularly popular when teamed with her longtime friend Mickey Rooney in a string of "let's put on a show!" musicals.
For Garland, this constant dose of drugs would lead to addiction and a lifelong struggle, as well as her eventual demise.
She was given the lead in For Me and My Gal (1942), in which she was top billed over the credits for the first time. Soon afterward, the hectic work schedule and the exhausting motion picture business began to take its toll on Garland as she returned to MGM, which led to several days' absence from the studio over the next four years as well as numerous incidents; in April 1947, during filming for The Pirate, Garland suffered a nervous breakdown and had to be led away from the set. She was originally cast in The Barkleys of Broadway (1949) with Fred Astaire, after the success of Easter Parade. After completing two musical numbers, she was fired from the film and replaced by Betty Hutton. Although the cut was superficial, the newspapers glorified the story, and Garland was visited by many well-known celebrities who tried to bring up her spirits.
In 1951, Garland divorced Vincente Minnelli and married Sid Luft, her manager at the time, the next year. Despite this, the show won four Emmy nominations and included amazing performances by Garland as well as some of her best vocal work. Most notably, she performed at the London Palladium with her then 17-year-old daughter Liza Minnelli in November 1964. Garland also excelled in the ability to depict emotion in a song, and maintain her amazingly strong, quivering voice.
He encouraged the group to choose a more appealing name after "Gumm" received small laughter from the audience.
Her rendition proved so popular that MGM placed Garland and the song in their all-star extravaganza Broadway Melody of 1938 (1937).
In her later life, she would resent the hectic work and she felt that her youth was stolen from her by MGM. After this, Garland had a number of other breakdowns that would lead to her departure from MGM; it would also reveal the emotional turmoil that Garland suffered. Garland, after missing rehearsals, was suspended by MGM and replaced by Ginger Rogers; she then managed to complete In the Good Old Summertime (1949) with Van Johnson (Garland's 2-year-old daughter Liza Minnelli makes a cameo at the end of this picture).
Garland then completed Summer Stock alongside Gene Kelly, produced by Joe Pasternak and his secondary musical unit (which wasn't as high-powered as the Arthur Freed Unit).


The demise of the series was personally and financially devastating for Garland, and she never fully recovered from its failure.
The concert, which was also filmed for television, was one of Garland's final appearances at the venue. The stated exact cause of death by coroner Gavin Thursdon was accidental overdose of barbiturates; pathologist Dr. They settled on the Garland Sisters, and young Frances soon afterward picked the name Judy after a popular song of the day by Hoagy Carmichael. They became a sensation and they teamed up again in Love Finds Andy Hardy, and then soon after in Babes in Arms.
She was plagued with self-doubt throughout her life and needed constant reassurance that she was talented, despite her ability to fill concert halls with fans eager to hear her, high critical praise, and several awards. Her performance of "Get Happy" in Summer Stock - dressed in the top half of a man's tuxedo, fedora, and black leotard - became another Garland milestone. Directed by George Cukor and produced by her husband Sid Luft (through Garland and Luft's Transcona Enterprises), it was a large undertaking in which Garland fully immersed herself. Garland, having divorced Sid Luft, continued to make concert appearances and also appeared on television specials. Returning to the stage, Garland made her last appearances at the Palace Theater in July, a sixteen-show tour, performing with her children Lorna and Joey Luft.
When June Allyson became pregnant during the filming of Royal Wedding, Garland was her replacement, but was dropped from the film and immediately put on suspension after she canceled a rehearsal call.
She made guest appearances on the The Ed Sullivan Show, The Tonight Show, The Hollywood Palace, The Merv Griffin Show (in which she guest-hosted an episode) and many others. Though the film was critically praised and did earn a profit, most movie fans expected her to sing.
Though Garland was believed to be the most likely winner for Best Actress, the Oscar went to Grace Kelly for The Country Girl (1954). She was residing in a rented flat with her husband in the Chelsea section of London at the time of her death.



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