Meniscus (anatomy)+ In anatomy, a meniscus (from Greek ???????? meniskos, "crescent") is a crescent-shaped fibrocartilaginous structure that, in contrast to articular disks, only partly divides a joint cavity.
Generally, the term 'meniscus' is used to refer to the cartilage+ of the knee+, either to the lateral+ or medial meniscus+. The menisci of the knee are two pads of fibrocartilaginous+ tissue which serve to disperse friction in the knee+ joint between the lower leg (tibia+) and the thigh (femur+). In sport+s and orthopedics+, people will sometimes speak of "torn cartilage" and actually be referring to an injury to one of the menisci. The unhappy triad+ is a set of commonly co-occurring knee injuries which includes injury to the medial meniscus.


Non-surgical treatment is often considered first for a smaller or chronic tear that does not appear amenable to surgical repair. If you found this article helpful, you may also be interested in Meniscus TearsMeniscus Tears (topic.cfm?topic=AV0012).
Both are cartilaginous+ tissues that provide structural integrity to the knee when it undergoes tension+ and torsion+. It consists of activity modification, physical therapy for strengthening and range of motion, electro-acupuncture.
Depending on the type and location of the tear, the patient's age, and physician's preference, injured menisci are usually either repaired or removed, in part or completely (meniscectomy).


The menisci are also known as "semi-lunar" cartilages — referring to their half-moon, crescent shape. Many studies show the meniscus serves a purpose and therefore doctors will attempt to repair when possible.
Traditionally it was thought that if there is no chance of healing, then it is best to remove the damaged and non-functional meniscus.



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