The menisci of the knee are two crescent shaped pieces of cartilage that rest on the top of the tibia.
There are two basic reasons why the cartilage in the knee can tear: trauma and degenerative changes. Typical complaints with cartilage tears involve knee joint pain, swelling, catching or locking of the knee, or a feeling of the knee giving way. It is important to note that even if a cartilage tear is diagnosed via an MRI, it is not an indication that surgery is a must. In cases in which a tear is present and persistent symptoms occur, surgery is the treatment of choice.
In less common situations involving the outer edge of the medial meniscus, a repair of the cartilage may be warranted. Meniscus tears refer to a tear in the shock-absorbing cartilage (meniscus) of the knee. Considerations The meniscus is a C-shaped piece of cartilage located in the knee. Cold packs are cheap at the drug store & heat pads are too, but destroyed a few of these in the microwave oven to heat.
I then went back & ordered your hot & cold products AND MY PRODUCTS GOT HERE IN MAUI IN TWO DAYS ARRIVING ASTONISHINGLY ON A SATURDAY !!!! I now heat up both my knees before a workout or just as good treatment & cool 'em down after. One meniscus sits on the inside of the knee joint and is referred to as the medial meniscus.
Optimal knee treatment includes avoiding activity, icing the inflammation, gently stretching and warming the area. And so it goes to this day, some six weeks later: the injury is there, but it is gradually improving.
The knee (tibiofemoral) joint is the largest and one of the most complex joints in the body as it allows you to flex and extend your knee as well as rotate it horizontally. The knee cap (patella) is a bone embedded within a tendon (sesamoid) that rests over a groove at the bottom of the rounded femur and the top of the flat tibia.
The tendons in the knee are tough cords of tissue that connect muscle to bone and help control movement of your joint. As well as providing stability, the tendons, ligaments, articular cartilage, meniscus and other soft tissue in the joint provide cushioning and protect the bones.
The soft tissue structure in the knee includes 2 menisci, the medial meniscus (located on the inside of the knee) and lateral meniscus (located on the outside of the knee). As weight is applied to the meniscus they are compressed and are forced to extend out from between the femur and tibia. The menisci also assist with the proper movement (arthrokinematic) of the femur and tibia during flexion and extension. The menisci are composed of tissue called fibrocartilage which is tougher and contains more fiber than other types of cartilage in the body. Without proper nutrition (blood supply) the menisci may partially disintegrate resulting in less cushioning and protection within the joint. Ligaments are strong, elastic-like tissues that connect bone to bone and provide stability and protection to your knee joint by limiting the forward and backward movement of the shin bone. Once you have a meniscus tear, you have an increased risk of developing knee arthritis because these shock absorbers are weakened. In the USA, 61 of 100,000 people experience an acute tear of the meniscus at some point in their life (850,000 meniscus surgeries are performed in the USA each year, estimates indicate that at least twice this number of meniscus procedures are performed internationally). Cartilage Tear, medial meniscus tear, lateral meniscus tear, acute meniscal tears, meniscus tear, meniscal injury, knee injury, discoid meniscus, torn knee cartilage, cruciate ligament tears, collateral ligament tears, knee dislocations, meniscal cysts, osteochondritis dissecans. To learn about conservative home treatments that can treat your meniscus tear and knee pain visit the meniscus treatment page. Approximately 19.4 million visits to physicians' offices in the US per year are due to knee problems. The knee is a complex joint with many components, making it vulnerable to a variety of injuries. Sadly, regardless of treatment, ACL injuries in high-school youths are associated with a 10-fold increased risk for degenerative knee arthritis later in life. Every year, at least 1 in 3000 Americans between ages 14 and 55 tear an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL).
Our products are currently in use by NFL players, PGA tour golfers, senators, kings (yes, royalty), elite marathon runners, martial arts academies, hollywood actors and actresses, professional trainers, european football players, rugby players and people all over the world with soft tissue injuries just like you.
Please be aware that this information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. A study reported in the New England Journal of Medicine, researchers found that physical therapy was as effective in treating meniscus tears as surgery.


Arthroscopic or conservative treatment of degenerative medial meniscal tears: a prospective randomised trial. Cartilage is found in certain joints and forms a buffer between the bones to protect the joint. I found the frozen packs seemed a bit too much & the heat pads ether nearly burned me or wasn't hot enough to get deep. I feel like I'm 99% better but I'll continue to use these products as I feel it'll keep me from getting a knee injury. It sums up a multitude of knee disorders with different causes all centering around the kneecap.
Subsequently, a simple twisting squat ripped my left meniscus with a huge bucket tear that required surgery to trim so it wouldn't keep catching and re-tearing. A couple of months ago an employee had forgotten to return equipment to my van, and I had to mop some hardwood flooring for a client on my hands and knees.
Delighted to discover Mend Me Shop and their professional athletic healing devices, I ordered the Inferno Wrap and Ice Wrap. The knee provides both strength and flexibility while being loose enough to allow the freedom for quick movements and changes in directions. It protects the bones and soft tissue in your knee joint and slides when your knee moves, giving leverage to your leg muscles.
The upper leg muscles provide your knees with mobility (extension, flexion and rotation) and strength. A type of slick, hard but flexible tissue known as articular cartilage (also called hyaline cartilage) covers the surface ends of the tibia and femur at your knee joint, allowing them to move easily against one another.
These crescent-shaped pads of fibrocartilage rest on the tibial condyles (rounded ends of the tibia bone) and form a concave surface for the femoral condyles (rounded ends of the femur bone) to rest on.
The menisci also attach to leg muscles which help the menisci maintain their position during movement.
This artery supplies blood to the perimeniscal plexus which provides oxygen and nutrients to the synovial and capsular tissues around the menisci and within the knee joint. Essentially, they serve as cushions to decrease the stress caused by weight bearing and forces on the knees.
However, the circular design of the menisci provides circumference tension (referred to as 'Hoop Stress') to resist this extension and provide stability as the load compresses.
They help stabilize the knees when in motion, reduce friction within the joint, and lubricate and protect the articular cartilage surrounding the tips of the bones from damage due to wear and tear. The collagen fibers are woven into dense tissue that is resistant to stretching and extending in various directions.
Proper blood flow ensures nutrients and oxygen reach the area and metabolic waste is removed from the fibrocartilage. When the meniscus, MCL and ACL are injured in combination it is referred to as the "unhappy triad". Menisci tend to get injured during movements that forcefully twist your knee while bearing weight (this is very prevalent in younger populations) or they tend to grow weaker with age, and tear as a result of minor injuries or movements.
They slowly wear away with knee movements and are not able to protect your articular cartilage on the surface of the knee joint as much as before. Health professionals used to believe the meniscus had no function and removed it if injured, however we now know it plays an integral role in knee joint mechanics and function. Depending upon the size and location of the tear and your activity level, surgery can be avoided.
I eat a fresh diet and take high-quality supplements, including MSM, glucosamine, Zyflamend, and all the usual joint-recomended supplements. I am not one to undergo surgery unless it is unavoidable, and even after a "simple" scope operation, it took me a full year to get full extension back on that knee, and I doubt I will ever be able to squat again. It is not the bones inside the knee that provides stability, instead it is the soft tissue (tendons, ligaments, muscles, menisci) that hold the femur (thigh bone), the tibia (shinbone), the fibula (the slender bone in the lower leg) and the patella (kneecap) together at the joint. The quadriceps muscles (located on the front of your thigh rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, vastus intermedius) straighten your legs, and the hamstring muscles (located on the back of your thigh semitendinosus, semimembranosus, biceps femoris) bend your knees. The coronary ligaments attached to the meniscus, transport the blood from the perimeniscal plexus (network of blood vessels) into the peripheral of the menisci. They work like shock absorbers, supporting the load by compressing and spreading the weight evenly within the knee.
If the meniscus is torn at the peripheral rim, circumference tension is compromised and the meniscus loses its ability to transfer the load and the joint begins to suffer. This makes fibrocartilage excellent for cushioning the knee joint that is required to move multidirectionally. When functioning properly, the knee joint naturally receives blood flow through movement and the pumping action of body weight shifting from knee to knee.


Since the MCL is attached to the medial meniscus, damage to the medial meniscus often occurs when the MCL is injured during a hard hit to the knee. Is arthroscopic surgery beneficial in treating non-traumatic, degenerative medial meniscal tears? The kneeling pre-injured the area, and when I stepped back onto my good leg two days later, I felt that familiar burn of a fresh meniscus tear. During the week it took the package to arrive, I stayed off my feet as much as possible and iced the injured knee several times a day. A thick, stringy, egg-like fluid (synovial fluid) found inside the knee capsule, lubricates your knee joint and, along with the meniscus and articular cartilage reduces friction. They fill the space between the leg bones and cushion the femur so it doesn't slide off or rub against the tibia. The lateral meniscus attaches to the popliteus below the knee and the femur via the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL).
The anterior and posterior horns of the menisci also receive a good amount of blood as they are covered by a vascular synovium.
Even while walking, the pressure put on the knee joints can be 2 - 4 times your own body weight; when you run these forces increase up to 6 - 8 times your body weight and are even higher when landing from a jump.
In fact, if part of the peripheral is removed or the tear extends to the periphery, the load on the knee joint may increase by up to 350% causing stress and pain. As a result, a tear on the outer peripheral of the meniscus can heal faster than one on the inner portion. However, other therapies such as Ultrasound and Blood Flow Stimulation Therapy will promote more blood flow, even when the knee is at rest. The cruciate ligaments (ACL and PCL) are strong and thick providing stability to the joint. For this test, you lie on your back while the health care provider holds the heel of your injured leg with your leg bent.
On the inner part of the knee, the ends of the menisci (known as the anterior and posterior horns) are attached to the tibia and joint capsule and along the exterior edge of the meniscus by the coronary ligaments. By increasing the area of contact inside the joint by nearly 3 times, the menisci reduce the load significantly (dispersing between 30 and 55% of the load). However, if the tear remains on the interior without disrupting the periphery of the meniscus, the meniscus is still able to disperse the load without stress and pain. Tears in the innermost part of the meniscus may not heal completely due to the lack of blood supply.
Greater blood flow results in faster and more complete healing when meniscus or ligament damage occurs. Pressure is placed to compress the knee while the leg is rotated in and out to generate discomfort or pain. I know from my previous experience that cartilage is hard to heal because of the poor blood supply, especially to the center.
As a result, any damage to a cruciate ligament can cause noticeable instability in the knee. Pain or a click over the inner part of the joint means an inner (medial) meniscal tear. For an Apley's compression test, the health care provider will have you lie on your stomach with your knee bent at a 90 degree angle. However, the medial meniscus does not move as freely in the joint as the lateral meniscus and as a result is torn more frequently.
An ACL injury, the most common cruciate ligament injury, occurs when the knee is locked with the foot planted and the knee is twisted quickly. The provider will hold your foot with both hands and rotate it to the outside (lateral rotation), while a downward force is applied to the foot. Athletes required to make sudden directional changes or to slow down quickly as well as those in contact sports are at high risk for ACL tears. Minor tears may go unnoticed immediately and will appear a few hours later with pain and swelling. The knee may feel as though something has snapped and walking or bending the knee is usually impossible. Physical therapy is recommended to help regain joint and leg strength. If the injury is acute or if you have a high activity level, knee arthroscopy (surgery) may be necessary.



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