Hanukkah is the Jewish Festival of Lights and it remembers the rededication of the second Jewish Temple in Jerusalem. In 2015, Hanukkah is from in the evening of Sunday, 6th December until the evening of Monday, 14th December.
In 2016, Hanukkah is from in the evening of Saturday, 24 December until the evening of Sunday, 1st January. During Hanukkah, on each of the eight nights, a candle is lit in a special menorah (candelabra) called a 'hanukkiyah'.
Hanukkah is also a time for giving and receiving presents and gifts are often given on each night.
The brother of the Jewish high priest wanted to be more Greek, so he bribed Antiochus so he would be come the new High Priest instead of his brother and then he had his brother killed! On his way home from having to retreat from a battle, Antiochus stopped in Jerusalem and he let out all his anger on the city and the Jewish people. Antiochus then banned practising the Jewish faith & religion (if you were found out you and all your family were killed) and made the Temple into a shrine to Zeus. It began when a 'former' Jewish Priest, called Mattathias, was forced to make an offering to Zeus in his village. We have the largest print-on-demand fulfillment network in the world with 15 manufacturing centers in five different countries. If you can't find the answers to your question on our FAQ page, please submit a support ticket, and our staff will respond to your question(s) right away.

Wondering what to make for Hanukkah, simple kids crafts, Hanukkah activities, star crafts for children, Menorah and candelabrum art projects, including the Torah scroll and Dreidel.
Also, don?t forget to check out the Tip Junkie Facebook page for even more crafts, activities for kids, creative ideas, and free tutorials.
For more free tutorials, craft, holiday, printables and DIY projects sign up for Tip Junkie's email with new How-To projects daily! There is a special ninth candle called the 'shammash' or servant candle which is used to light the other candles.
Three years later another man bribed Antiochus even more to let him become the High Priest! He ordered houses to be burned down and tens of thousands of Jews were killed or put into slavery.
One legend says that when Judah and his followers went into the Temple there was only enough oil to burn for one night, but that it burned for eight nights.
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To pay his bribe he stole some of the objects made of gold that were used in the Jewish Temple.
Antiochus then went to attack the Jewish Temple, the most important building in Israel to Jews. Another story says that they found eight iron spears and put candles of them and used them for lighting in the Temple.

Because the Jewish calendar is lunar (it uses the moon for its dates), Kislev can happen from late November to late December.
On the first night one candle is lit, on the second night, two are lit until all are lit on the eighth and final night of the festival. Antiochus wanted all the empire to follow Greek ways of life and the Greek religion with all its gods. Mattathias was an old man and died soon after this, but his son Judah then took charge of the freedom fighters. The decorative matchboxes can become a new family tradition to light the Menorah for years to come.
The four letter are the first letter of the phrase 'Nes Gadol Hayah Sham' which means 'A great miracle happened there' (in Israel, 'there' is changed to 'here' so it's 'Nes Gadol Hayah Po'). Then on 25 Kislev he desecrated the most holy place in the temple and destroyed the Jewish holy scrolls. A special blessing, thanking God, is said before or after lighting the candles and a special Jewish hymn is often sung. The menorah is put in the front window of houses so people passing can see the lights and remember the story of Hanukkah.

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