GREEK ARMENIAN JEWISH MUSLIM QUAERTERS TOUR IN ISTANBUL,Les Arts Turcs team's professional guides that speaks French, Italian, Portugues and Spanish, English makes special tours of Greek, Armenian and Jewish quarters of Istanbul. Aquaduct of Valens : The Valens Aqueduct stands in Istanbul, in the quarter of Fatih, and spans the valley between the hills which are today occupied by Istanbul University and the Fatih Mosque. The Life of Ottoman Jews For 300 years following the expulsion, the prosperity and creativity of the Ottoman Jews rivalled that of the Golden Age of Spain. Ottoman diplomacy was often carried out by Jews. Joseph Nasi, appointed the Duke of Naxos, was the former Portuguese Marrano Joao Miques. Turkish Jews are legally represented, as they have been for many centuries, by the Hahambasi, the Chief Rabbi. A Community Calendar (Halila) is published by the Chief Rabbinate every year and distributed free of charge to all those who have paid their dues (Kisba) to the welfare bodies. Social clubs containing libraries, cultural and sports facilities, discotheques give young people the chance to meet.
Jewish communities in Anatolia flourished and continued to prosper through the Turkish conquest. Les Arts Turcs team's professional guides that speaks French, Italian, Portugues and Spanish, English makes special tours of Greek, Armenian and Jewish quarters of Istanbul. Aquaduct of Valens : The Valens Aqueduct stands in Istanbul, in the quarter of Fatih, and spans the valley between the hills which are today occupied by Istanbul University and the Fatih Mosque. Balat is known as a Jewish quarter--with a small Armenian population-- dating back to the Byzantine period. Pierre Loti Hill by cable-lift where you can catch the beautiful view of Istanbul.When you reach beautiful Pierre Loti Hill, you will have a rest time to drink with the nice view of Golden Horn.
Eyup Sultan Mosque is one of the holy places in Istanbul,site of the Eyup Sultan Mosque where Ayoub al-Ansari (Eyup Sultan),the standard-bearer to the prophet Mohammed ,is buried. Idea : This tour gives the story and lifes of Turkish Greek, Jewish, Armenian and Muslim communities in today's Istanbul.
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New York City (or NYC) -- officially, "City of New York," and affectionately known as "The Big Apple" -- is the largest city of the state of New York and in the United States, and by many measures, one of the most important cities in the world.
New York is also the location of what was, according to many experts, the most devastating act of terrorism in modern history: the September 11, 2001 attack that utterly destroyed the twin towers of the World Trade Center and several surrounding buildings. New York has had a reputation as a crime-ridden city, partly due to the hundreds of TV and cinematic crime dramas set in it. The current mayor of New York City is Michael Bloomberg, elected in 2001 on the Republican ticket. Although New York's harbour was first discovered by Giovanni da Verrazano during his expedition of 1524, the history of New York City properly begins with the Dutch settlement of 1624. In 1664, British ships captured the city, with minimal resistance: the governor at the time, Peter Stuyvesant, was unpopular with the residents of the city. Several battles were fought in New York during the Revolutionary War; the British defeated George Washington's troops, and held the city until the war ended. New York was briefly the capital of the new United States of America, in 1789 and 1790, and George Washington was inaugurated as President in New York, then the nation's second largest city.
The building of the Erie Canal, in the 1820s, helped the city grow further by increasing river traffic upstate and to the west. The modern city of New York -- the five boroughs -- was created in 1898, as the merger of the cities of New York (then Manhattan and the Bronx) and Brooklyn with the largely rural areas of Queens and Staten Island. The building of the New York subway, as the separate IRT and BMT systems, and the later IND, was a later force for population growth and development. The world-famous Grand Central Terminal[?] opened as the world's largest train station on February 1, 1913. As of the census of 2000, there are 8,008,278 people, 3,021,588 households, and 1,852,233 families residing in the city.
The median income for a household in the city is $38,293, and the median income for a family is $41,887.
I invite people using message boards saying that I prefer my guests to be 30 - 50 years old but everyone is welcome. There aren't many 19-year-olds with the ambition to start their own business, but Dubuquer Josh Beytien is one of them. Beytien, a graduate of Dubuque Senior High School, has a variety of skills, but his parents, Craig and Alyson Beytien, knew he probably wasn't well-suited for a 9-to-5 working environment.
Josh's parents realized that his work skills carried some significance in an increasingly electronic era, and when Web research revealed there was a local niche for electronic document storage and retrieval, the idea for a business was born. When an official business plan had been drafted, a professional at Iowa Vocational Rehabilitation Services served as a business consultant, reviewing the proposal to make sure it was viable. Josh came up with the business title - explaining that the mammoth taps into his interest with prehistoric time - and the fitting motto "Where the Past is Present." Soon it was time to start wooing clients. The equipment for Mammoth Scanning Company is set up on a desk in Josh's room, under a shelf lined with books and some prehistoric animal figurines keeping a watchful eye. For Josh and his parents, the hope is that the business will be successful enough that he will not need state or federal assistance in the future. Craig said Josh's family is pleased he has found work that he enjoys and gives him a heightened sense of purpose. As an individual with cerebral palsy, many activities are more exhausting to me than to the average person. The most memorable experience that I encountered as part of my AmeriCorps experience was the service trip in which I participated. I consider my 300 hours of service, the requirement of the ICAP program, to be not the impetus, but the rock upon which my love for service was built. Ted, an AmeriCorps member now in his second term, serves at the Institute for Human Development at Northern Arizona University promoting public awareness activities. Daniel and Sarah are high school students participating in a Learn and Serve project that combined curriculum and service. Shannon was a VISTA member who served in the College of Public and Community Service community technology lab at the University of Massachusetts in Boston. Andre is a part-time AmeriCorps member in the Michigan AmeriCorps Partnership at “Southeastern Village”, who has neurological disabilities.
Dawn, who has a hearing disability, strove to create a work environment that was welcoming and understanding to those individuals with disabilities by advocating for community involvement and supporting organizations that supported and helped individuals with disabilities. Jared was a high school student with disabilities who participated fully in a water quality testing initiative though a school-based service-learning project in Western Massachusetts. Early in Gerald’s service, he and I talked about how the program could best provide a reasonable accommodation to assist him so that he could perform all of his essential duties.
Once a focal point of the social and cultural lives of Greeks, Armenians and Jews, the Fener and Balat districts are presently inhabited by a mostly Muslim population that immigrated from other cities and rural areas. In the 17th century, Fener became the residence of upper classes and the bourgeoisie with its hewn stone buildings and richly ornamented house facades.
In fact, from the early 15th century on, the Ottomans actively encouraged Jewish immigration. Another Portuguese Marrano, Alvaro Mendes, was named Duke of Mytylene in return of his diplomatic services to the Sultan.Salamon ben Nathan Eskenazi arranged the first diplomatic ties with the British Empire.
Indeed, Turkey could serve as a model to be emulated by any nation which finds refugees from any of the four corners of the world standing at its doors.In 1992, Turkish Jewry celebrated not only the anniversary of this gracious welcome, but also the remarkable spirit of tolerance and acceptance which has characterized the whole Jewish experience in Turkey. When the Ottomans captured Bursa in 1326 and made it their capital, they found a Jewish community oppressed under Byzantine rule.
In the 17th century, Fener became the residence of upper classes and the bourgeoisie with its hewn stone buildings and richly ornamented house facades.
Balat's winding streets provided a meeting ground for navigators, seafarers, street vendors and porters.
The city is probably the world's most important financial center, and one of the most important cultural centers of the Western world. Each borough elects a Borough President, but under the current city charter, the Borough President's powers are limited--he or she has a small discretionary budget to spend on projects within the borough. The population of the City of New York is more than eight million (2000 US Census), with the population of the entire metropolitan area at around 20 million. Residents generally refer to New York City (or just Manhattan) as "New York" or "the city". In fact, the city has a high crime rate compared to the United States of America at large, but a relatively low rate compared to other North American cities.


Bloomberg had come to prominence as an expert on Wall Street, which had brought him great wealth, but the mayoralty is his first political office. His bid for United States Senator from New York State was aborted by treatment for cancer and controversy over his affair with Judith Nathan. That town, at the southern tip of Manhattan, was called New Amsterdam (Nieuw Amsterdam), and was the main city of the Dutch colony of New Netherlands.
The British renamed the colony New York, after James II of England, who sponsored the takeover and who was at that time the Duke of York. Patrick's Day was celebrated in New York City for the first time at the Crown and Thistle Tavern on March 17, 1756. By 1835 Manhattan overtook Philadelphia as the most populous city and established itself as the financial and mercantile capital of the western hemisphere.
The song gave its name to a film directed by Martin Scorsese (see New York, New York (film)[?]). He recently launched Mammoth Scanning Company, a business that creates categorized electronic files of documents and photographs, along with storage and retrieval services. Then in his senior year, Josh landed an AmeriCorps position at the Dubuque Center for History at Loras College and discovered a new area of interest and proficiency: scanning and cataloguing images and documents. With funding in hand, Josh was able to purchase the hardware needed, most important of which was a high-quality scanner, and the software for creating an online environment for clients. Josh prepared a PowerPoint presentation for his first business pitch and his parents came along as guests to watch the presentation, which secured him a contract with Hills & Dales. He is working on scanning and cataloguing playbills dating back to the 1890s for the arts center.
The documents and notes for Josh's current project are neatly arranged near the two-sided scanner, and it is at this station Josh can quickly transfer a document or photo from paper to screen.
Growing up, I was told that physical therapy and exercise was the number one way to work on building my endurance, mainly so I would be able to be active and productive as I got older. First and foremost it forced me to step it up in terms of seeking out service opportunities.
Prior to the ICAP program, I had only cursory experiences with Habitat through Wartburg’s new student orientation service days, but when I considered service possibilities for my 300 hours alongside the rewarding experience I had with Habitat, it became a natural fit. Although going on a spring break service trip was on my bucket list during my time at Wartburg, I felt much better prepared and ready for full service immersion after nearly six months of training. I had the desire, but I did not have the knowledge or the will to serve when I began the program. Students produced books that were then sent to Kenyan children receiving aid from the American Red Cross Association. She helped users, including students with and without disabilities from low-income communities, to learn computer skills, other multimedia applications and assistive technologies.
In addition, she taught others about the importance of inclusion and facilitates disability awareness and diversity training to AmeriCorps*NCCC members. She said that "If AmeriCorps, had not opened the doors of opportunity to me, I most likely would still be ashamed and embarrassed of who I am and [how] society has labeled me. During these years Joe, who has a traumatic brain injury, tutored children, built houses, designed and built wheelchair ramps, surveyed and mapped a historical graveyard, blazed trails, worked at a camp for children and adults with disabilities, and much more. During the project, Jared spoke of all that he learned about water quality and the effects on the environment.
NSIP partners with the Association on University Centers on Disability, National Council on Independent Living, Association on Higher Education and Disability and National Down Syndrome Congress to build connections between disability organizations and all CNCS grantees, including national directs, to increase the participation of people with disabilities in national service. It is uncertain as to when the aqueduct’s construction began, but it is mentioned in certain sources that it was completed eithe during the reign of Emperor Valens (364–378CE) or of Hadrianus (117–138CE) whose names it bears. During the Ottoman period, an important segment of Greeks who lived in Fener, who were well-educated and fluent in several languages, held high government positions as interpreters or diplomats. A letter sent by Rabbi Yitzhak Sarfati (from Edirne) to Jewish communities in Europe in the first part of the century"invited his co-religionists to leave the torments they were enduring in Christiandom and to seek safety and prosperity in Turkey". (3)When Mehmet II "the Conqueror" took Constantinople in 1453, he encountered an oppressed Romaniot (Byzantine) Jewish community which welcomed him with enthusiasm.
In 1493, only one year after their expulsion from Spain, David & Samuel ibn Nahmias established the first Hebrew printing press in Istanbul.
Fifty Lay Counsellors look after the secular affairs of the Community and an Executive Committee of fourteen runs the daily matters.
Both cities have homes for the aged (Moshav Zekinim) and several welfare associations to assist the poor, the sick, the needy children and orphans. The events being planned - symposiums, conferences, concerts, exhibitions, films and books, restoration of ancient Synagogues etc - commemorated the longevity and prosperity of the Jewish community.
During the Ottoman period, an important segment of Greeks who lived in Fener, who were well-educated and fluent in several languages, held high government positions as interpreters or diplomats. Following the earthquake of 1894 and a series of fires that affected not only the neighbourhood but whole city of Istanbul, the social structure of Balat underwent significant changes: The wealthiest section of the inhabitants left the district and moved to Galata, which is the current location of the Jewish institutions including the Chief Rabbinate and major synagogues.
The United Nations headquarters is in New York City, giving some credence to the city's self-designation as "capital of the world".
In addition, New York has been growing safer for most of the last decade--FBI data indicate that the murder rate in 2000 was the lowest since 1967. Bloomberg had been a Democrat until only a short time earlier, but switched to the Republican Party to run for mayor, in order to avoid a crowded Democratic primary.
He handled the aftermath of the World Trade Center disaster well, providing much-needed leadership, and greatly increased his popularity. The Dutch origins can still be seen in many names in New York City, such as Brooklyn (from Breukelen), Harlem (from Haarlem), The Bronx (from Pieter Bronck) and Staten Island. The city grew northward, and remained the largest and most important city in the colony of New York. This holiday has since become a yearly city-wide celebration that is famous around the world as the St. A nearly pure form of capitalism created a large upper-middle and upper class, but its need for manpower encouraged immigration on an unprecedented scale, with mixed results. Mammoth Scanning does not do restoration work, but preserves files and photos electronically in their current condition.
Things would not come easy for me, as I was told, so I would need to work all the more diligently to stay up with others, be it physically, academically, or socially. Wartburg’s Habitat student organization would sponsor building days periodically, but periodically became not enough for me.
I was on a trip that went down to New Orleans to help clean up after Hurricane Katrina, and I think had it not been for my strengthened service muscles, I might not have made it. Over the course of one year attending college, however, I went from a flabby dreamer to a well-sculpted doer, and it was because I entrusted AmeriCorps with building my personal service-exercise program. I have witnessed over the past three years, the power of human potential with countless volunteers. Among peers, staff and the children, Howard, who has a physical disability, is famous for his enthusiasm. Daniel, who does not communicate verbally, helped Sarah to create a book by pointing to written words, which she then added to their collaborative story. Through her VISTA experience, Shannon, who has Muscular Dystrophy, gained an awareness of accessibility issues in community technology centers.
In the first, Andre developed a program that conveyed his experiences as a person with a disability to other young people facing a variety of life's challenges. Of his time there he writes, "Throughout my service I met some amazing individuals, traveled to some fascinating locations, and learned a variety of skills, but most importantly my service gave me the opportunity to recover, the ability to experience life with a smile. His family and teachers were impressed with the project because it provided Jared with a meaningful experience to give back to his community as well as taught him vital life skills.
His responsibilities at the program include creating an Accessible Materials workshop for teachers, designing inclusive lesson plans using the arts to build understanding about people with disabilities, supporting volunteer mentors, and leading art classes.
During the 18th century, the majority of new constructions were made of stone or wood; and aristocratic Greek families started to build villas around the Patriarchate. In 1537 the Jews expelled from Apulia (Italy) after the city fell under Papal control, in 1542 those expelled from Bohemia by King Ferdinand found a safe haven in the Ottoman Empire. In the early 19th century, Abraham de Camondo established a modern school, "La Escola", causing a serious conflict between conservative and secular rabbis which was only settled by the intervention of Sultan Abdulaziz in 1864. Representatives of Jewish foundations and institutions meet four times a year as a so-called ??think tank??
Some of them are very old, especially Ahrida Synagogue in the Balat area, which dates from middle15th century. As a whole, the celebration aimed to demonstrate the richness and security of life Jews have found in the Ottoman Empire and the Turkish Republic over seven centuries, and showed that indeed it is not impossible for people of different creeds to live together peacefully under one flag.,A History Predating 1492 The history of the Jews in Anatolia started many centuries before the migration of Sephardic Jews.


Sultan Orhan gave them permission to build the Etz ha-Hayyim (Tree of Life) synagogue which remained in service until nineteen forties.Early in the 14th century, when the Ottomans had established their capital at Edirne, Jews from Europe, including Karaites, migrated there.
During the 18th century, the majority of new constructions were made of stone or wood; and aristocratic Greek families started to build villas around the Patriarchate. The emigration followed and one fourth of the population of Balat left for Israel after its establishment. Holiday Party, Office Party, Christmas Party, Divorce Party, Cast Party, Many Types Of Events And Parties. The island of Manhattan was in some measure self-selected as a future metropolis by its extraordinary natural harbor formed by New York Bay (actually an arm of the Atlantic Ocean), the East River (actually a tidal strait) and the Hudson River, all of which are confluent at the southern tip, from which all later development spread. The famed melting pot was brought into being, from which multitudes have since arisen in the successful pursuit of the "American Dream".
The company specializes in web security, providing a system in the Microsoft network cloud where clients can opt to store their information. Each week I would get together with my buddy to watch movies or WWE wrestling, or to go bowling. I took the initiative to get on the email list of the Habitat chapter from my area, so I could join them at their building sites more often. The labor that our group put in comparison to the monumental tasks that remained after we departed was enough to turn anyone off to the idea of service. One of my priorities nowadays is to stay service-fit, so I can actively and productively contribute to my community through service and volunteerism. She followed her VISTA service with a year long fellowship at a University Center of Excellence on Developmental Disabilities. His mother spoke of the project as being one of the few opportunities Jared had to mingle with peers outside of special education.
Balat is known as a Jewish quarter--with a small Armenian population-- dating back to the Byzantine period. The 15th and 16th century Haskoy and Kuzguncuk cemeteries in Istanbul are still in use today.,??The Museum of Turkish Jews??
Have The Jellin Girls Introduce You To Other Great People In New York City's Top Night Clubs. Also of prime importance was the presence of deep fresh water aquifers near the southern tip, especially the Collect Pond[?]. But countless others failed to rise, or entire generations were forced to plough themselves under for their children or grandchildren to rise. Craig said Josh would eventually like to tap into another market, individuals with family photographs they would like in electronic form. I decided to take part in AmeriCorps’ Iowa Campus Compact program primarily because I was feeling a strong call to volunteer and serve others. From helping to hang dry wall to nailing in hurricane brackets, I found the experience to be deeply gratifying, and once again, if it was not for ICAP, I would not have sought out this opportunity. Risk taking ongoing with mold, mud and smell but no matter the circumstance, words of encouragement and utilization of God given talents were displayed continually. There she conducted research on accessibility in technology centers in low-income housing projects. Andre hopes to continue working within diverse communities to benefit young people, especially males, and help them develop leadership skills.
Balat's winding streets provided a meeting ground for navigators, seafarers, street vendors and porters. The Pope had no other alternative than to release them, the Ottoman Empire being the "Super Power" of those days.
As a result, leadership of the community began to shift away from the religious figure to secular forces.,,World War I brought to an end the glory of the Ottoman Empire. Holiday Party, Office Party, Christmas Party, Divorce Party, Cast Party, Many Types Of Events And N.Y. In the mid-1800s these antipodes could be found in the fabulously rich stretches of lower Broadway (wealth that would later take up residence on Fifth Avenue[?]) and the almost unbelievably squalid enclave of Five Points (abject poverty later to take up residence in the Lower East Side[?]).
The crux was that I did not feel confident in my own ability to follow through with such an important yet challenging call. Volunteers—young and old from all over the USA were all pitching in, using their muscles, heart and soul—were taking care of business in the heartland of Iowa. Daniel taught me some American Sign Language." The project helped the community understand that service is valuable, not only because everybody can participate, but everyone can also learn.
Currently Shannon works as a Peer Guide and as the Information and Database Manager at an Independent Living Center. The AmeriCorps service experience has enabled him to develop the skills needed to be a community role model.
Following the earthquake of 1894 and a series of fires that affected not only the neighbourhood but whole city of Istanbul, the social structure of Balat underwent significant changes: The wealthiest section of the inhabitants left the district and moved to Galata, which is the current location of the Jewish institutions including the Chief Rabbinate and major synagogues.
I knew from past experience that if the going got tough early on, if I felt that I was incapable of serving meaningfully or in a way that suited my capabilities, there was a chance that I might get disgruntled and quit altogether.
She credits her VISTA experience with providing a background that developed her interest in creating access to technology for people with disabilities. In 1926, on the eve of Turkey's adoption of the Swiss Civil Code, the Jewish Community renounced its minority status on personal rights.During the tragic days of World War II, Turkey managed to maintain its neutrality. Additionally, the Community maintains in Istanbul a school complex including elementary and secondary schools for around 700 students. Acknowledging that quitting was not an option, I turned to the Iowa Campus Compact program as a kind of service therapy. Witnessing the power of positive choice and seeing the power of the human body in mind, spirit consuming endless difficult work is like the best experience one could ever be involved with.
As early as 1933 Ataturk invited numbers of prominent German Jewish professors to flee Nazi Germany and settle in Turkey.
Turkish is the language of instruction, and Hebrew is taught 3 to 5 hours a week.,While younger Jews speak Turkish as their native language, the over-70-years-old generation is more at home speaking in French or Judeo-Spanish (Ladino). A bronze column found in Ankara confirms the rights the Emperor Augustus accorded the Jews of Asia Minor. I would be able to build up my service muscles with others, sharing our experiences and holding each other accountable.
Risk taking in helping others and taking on the challenges that flood duty entails has shown me the power of human potential when utilized with choice of helping others is what life is all about.
Before and during the war years, these scholars contributed a great deal to the development of the Turkish university system.
The Best Singles events in New York City Now internet Audio Personals Help Make Connections 24 hrs A Day! As a member of the AmeriCorps*VISTA program, I can't help but think how fruitful positiveness and perseverance does not take a backseat to negativity or giving up among those that choose to make a positive difference in people's life when the going gets rough.
During World War II Turkey served as a safe passage for many Jews fleeing the horrors of the Nazism. Now one newspaper survives: SALOM (Shalom), a fourteen to sixteen pages weekly in Turkish with one page in Judeo-Spanish. Each of us knows how to make a positive choice and to serve others who need help when the circumstances arise.
While the Jewish communities of Greece were wiped out almost completely by Hitler, the Turkish Jews remained secure. Personally I have had to deal with Lou Gehrig's disease amidst the risk taking of above work but I would not do anything different because adversity is life but positiveness as displayed overcomes all odds. What an awesome positive experience that I have seen is like the best medicine anyone could have no matter what personal health concerns are being dealt with. Mr. Salahattin Ulkumen, Consul General at Rhodes in 1943-1944, was recognized by the Yad Vashem as a Righteous Gentile "Hassid Umot ha'Olam" in June 1990. However take note as witnessed with flood recovery work that too many people are in action, facing life's challenges in a grandiose positive demeanor and that is the only way to live personally and collectively.
The vast majority live in Istanbul, with a community of about 2.500 in Izmir and other smaller groups located in Adana, Ankara, Antakya, Bursa, Canakkale, Kirklareli etc.
There are about 100 Karaites, an independent group who does not accept the authority of the Chief Rabbi.



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