Aristotle was a Greek philosopher and scientist, better known as the teacher of Alexander the Great. Contributions to PhilosophyJust like his teacher Plato, his philosophy also aims at universe but his ontology finds the universal in particular things, thus his epistemology is based on the study of specific phenomena and it rises to the knowledge of essence.Something Wrong? Contributions to ScienceThough he can’t be termed as a scientist by today’s definition but science was of one of the spheres that he extensively researched and studied especially during his stay at Lyceum. Aristotle (384 BCA a€“ 322 BC) was a Greek philosopher and polymath, a student of Plato and teacher of Alexander the Great. This biography of Aristotle profiles his childhood, life, achievements, contributions and timeline. Here he became a tutor not only to Alexander but gave lessons to two other future kings - Cassander and Ptolemy - as well. He wrote a number of dialogues in this period but unfortunately only fragments of these pieces have survived which are in the form of treatise. His belief was that interaction with physical objects helps in gaining knowledge.Something Wrong? We do not act rightly because we have virtue or excellence, but we rather have those because we have acted rightly. His writings cover many subjects, including physics, metaphysics, poetry, theater, music, logic, rhetoric, linguistics, politics, government, ethics, biology, and zoology. Famous for his writings on physics, metaphysics, poetry, theater, music, logic, rhetoric, linguistics, politics, government, ethics, biology, and zoology, he is considered much ahead of his time. These were not intended for wide publication and were rather meant to be used for lectures to students. Tell Us About It.He also discussed how information can be drawn about objects through deduction and inferences. Together with Plato and Socrates (Plato's teacher), Aristotle is one of the most important founding figures in Western philosophy. His writings constitute the first comprehensive system of Western philosophy which includes views about morality and aesthetics, logic and science, politics and metaphysics. Poetics, Metaphysics, Politics, Physics, De Anima and Nicomachean Ethics are considered to be his most important treatise.Something Wrong?
Tell Us About It.Though not much information is available about his childhood, sources throw light on the fact that he spent time in the Macedonian palace and from here he connected with the Macedonian monarchy.Something Wrong? It is even said that he was perhaps the last man who had the knowledge of all the known fields at that time. Tell Us About It.He not only studied almost every subject but also made noteworthy contributions to many of them.
Syllogism is a logical argument in which the inference of the conclusion is drawn from two or more other premises of a certain form. Tell Us About It.Being a physician’s son, he was inspired to his father’s scientific work but didn’t show much interest in medicine.Something Wrong? Under physical science, Aristotle studied and wrote on astronomy, anatomy, embryology, geology, geography, meteorology, zoology and physics while in philosophy, he wrote on ethics, aesthetics government, politics, metaphysics, economics, rhetoric, psychology and theology.
This was explained by him in his work “Prior Analytics” where he defined the main components of reasoning through exclusive and inclusive relationships. There was relative inaccuracy in this hypothesis yet was regarded as the standard system for many years.Something Wrong?
His writing includes work in physics, chemistry, biology, zoology, botany, psychology, political theory, logic, metaphysics, history, literary theory and rhetoric. Tell Us About It.There came a time when the relationship of Alexander and Aristotle became estranged. In addition to all the above, he also studied literature, poetry and customs of various countries.Something Wrong?

One of his greatest achievements was formulating a finished system also known as Aristotelian syllogistic. Tell Us About It.When he turned 18, he shifted to Athens to pursue his education at Plato’s Academy. He left Athens somewhere in 348-347 B.C, spending almost 20 years in the city.Something Wrong? Though there is little evidence, yet many believed that Aristotle played a role in Alexander’s death.Something Wrong? Tell Us About It.Aristotle studied and wrote on numerous subjects and topics but unfortunately only one third of his original writings survived. Tell Us About It.His philosophy not just provided us with a system of reasoning but it was also related to ethics.
It is true that Aristotle’s zoology is now obsolete but his work and contribution was unchallenged till the 19th century. The lost writings include poetry, letters, dialogues and essays all written in Platonic manner. He had described a “moral code of conduct” what he referred to as “good living” in Nichomachean Ethics.Something Wrong? It is interesting to note here that unlike his biological classifications, his observations on marine life are quite accurate.Something Wrong?
His contribution towards almost all subjects on earth and its influence makes him one of the most famous and top personalities of all time.
Tell Us About It.The traditional stories say that he left Athens as he was displeased with the Academy’s direction when Plato's nephew Speusippus took over the control of the academy after Plato’s death but it is also said that he feared anti-Macedonian sentiments and must have left before the death of Plato.Something Wrong? Most of his literary works are known to the world by the writing of Diogenes Laertius and others.Something Wrong? In 322 B.C Eurymedon the Hierophant castigated him for not holding the gods in honor and Aristotle fled to Chalcis, his mother’s family estate.Something Wrong?
Tell Us About It.He also talked about Practical Philosophy where he considered ethics to be a part of practical rather than theoretical study.
Tell Us About It.His treatise “Meteorology” provides evidence that he also studied earth sciences.
Tell Us About It.Thereafter, he moved to the court of his friend Hermias of Atarneus in Asia Minor along with his friend Xenocrates. Tell Us About It.He has been given credit for being the earliest one to study formal logic.Something Wrong? He then travelled to the island of Lesbos accompanied by Theophrastus where they did in-depth analysis of zoology and botany of the island.Something Wrong?
It also included extensive study about water cycle, natural disasters, astrological events etc.Something Wrong? PUBLISHContributions to PsychologyMany scholars consider Aristotle as the true father of psychology, since he is responsible for the theoretical and philosophical framework that contributed to psychology's earliest beginnings.Something Wrong? The famous philosopher Kant said in his the Critique of Pure Reason that Aristotle’s theory of logic formed the basis of deductive inference.Something Wrong? Tell Us About It.His book, De Anima (On the Soul), is also considered as the first book on psychology.Something Wrong? Tell Us About It.He was concerned with the relation between the psychological processes and the underlying physiological phenomenon.Something Wrong? Tell Us About It.He suggested that the body and the mind exist as facets of the same being, and the mind is simply one of the body's functions.Something Wrong?
Tell Us About It.According to him music, epic poetry, comedy, tragedy etc were imitative and varied in imitation by medium, manner or object. His belief was that imitation was a natural part of humans and served as one of the main advantages of mankind over animals.Something Wrong?

PUBLISHMajor WorksAristotle wrote around 200 works and most of them were in the form of notes and drafts. These works comprise of dialogues, records of scientific observations and systematic works.
Tell Us About It.His major works include Rhetoric, Eudemus (On the Soul), on philosophy, on Alexander, on Sophistes, on justice, on wealth, on prayer and on education.Something Wrong? Tell Us About It.Poetics, Metaphysics, Politics, Physics, De Anima and Nicomachean Ethics are considered to be his most important treatise.Something Wrong? Tell Us About It.Aristotle’s work “Poetics” comprised of two books - one was on tragedy and the other on comedy.Something Wrong? PUBLISHPersonal Life & LegacyDuring his stay in Asia Minor, Aristotle married Pythias, who is said to be the niece or adoptive daughter of Hermias. Tell Us About It.After the death of his wife Pythias, he tied the knot again with Herpyllis of Stageira who bore him a son, whom he named after his father, Nicomachus.Something Wrong?
Tell Us About It.According to the Suda (a 10th-century Byzantine encyclopedia of the ancient Mediterranean world), Aristotle had an erotic relationship with Palaephatus.Something Wrong?
PUBLISHTriviaMore than 2300 years have passed yet Aristotle remains to be one of the most influential people ever born.
Tell Us About It.He was the one who founded formal logic and was also a pioneer in the study of zoology.Something Wrong? Tell Us About It.Theophrastus, his successor at Lyceum, wrote a number of books on botany which were considered the basis of botany till middle ages. The other notable students from his Lyceum were Aristoxenus, Dicaearchus, Demetrius of Phalerum, Eudemos of Rhodes, Harpalus, Hephaestion, Meno, Mnason of Phocis, and Nicomachus.Something Wrong?
It was because of his influence on Alexander that he used to carry large group of botanists, zoologists and researchers along with him on his expeditions.Something Wrong? Tell Us About It.Aristotle also influenced Byzantine scholars, Islamic theologians, and Western Christian theologians, leaving future scientists, philosophers and thinkers indebted.Something Wrong? Tell Us About It.He was also a collector of proverbs, riddles and folklore and his school especially studied riddles of Delphic Oracle and the fables of Aesop.Something Wrong? PUBLISHTop 10 Facts You Did Not Know About AristotleHe is credited to be the first genuine scientist in history by the Encyclop?dia Britannica.Something Wrong? Tell Us About It.Aristotle was well known among medieval Muslim intellectuals and was revered as "The First Teacher".Something Wrong? Tell Us About It.Aristotle has been accused of misogyny and sexism by scholars of feminist metaphysics.Something Wrong? Tell Us About It.It is believed that ‘The Nicomachen Ethics’, a compilation of Aristotle’s lecture notes, is named after his son who died young in a battle.Something Wrong? Tell Us About It.He was a geocentrist who believed that the earth is the centre of the universe.Something Wrong? Tell Us About It.He gave more accurate theories on some optical concepts than other philosophers of his day.Something Wrong?
Tell Us About It.Aristotle distinguished about 500 species of birds, mammals and fishes, and his classification of living things contains some elements which still existed in the 19th century.Something Wrong?
Tell Us About It.Aristotle is considered to be the founder of formal logic.Something Wrong? Tell Us About It.He mentored several brilliant young minds, many of whom including Aristoxenus, Dicaearchus, Demetrius of Phalerum, Mnason of Phocis, Nicomachus, and Theophrastus went on to become great thinkers in their own rights.

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