The center of the Aztec civilization was the Valley of Mexico, a huge, oval basin about 7,500 feet above sea level.
The Aztecs were a Pre-Columbian Mesoamerican people of central Mexico in the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries. According to their own history, when the Mexicas arrived in the Anahuac valley (Valley of Mexico) around Lake Texcoco, the groups living there considered them uncivilized. The early settlers built log rafts, then covered them with mud and planted seeds to create roots and develop more solid land for building homes in this marshy land.
The story of the Aztecs' rise to power is awe inspiring one, and is one of the most remarkable stories in world history.
Sometime during the 12th & 13th century the Aztecs straggled into the Valley of Mexico, led by their chieftain Tenoch. In the beginning stages of Tenochtitlan, development, Aztec life was very difficult in their undesirable location. As the Aztec empire expanded, specialized craftsmen and common laborers were brought to Tenochtitlan to expand the city. By 1376, the Aztecs knew that they had to select a emperor of royal lineage, to gain respect of their neighbors.
By the end of Tenochtitlans rule, in 1520, 38 conquered tributary provinces had been made, who had to make payments. Aztec is a term used to refer to certain ethnic groups of central Mexico, particularly those groups who spoke the Nahuatl language and who achieved political and military dominance over large parts of Mesoamerica in the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries, a period referred to as the Late post-Classic period in Mesoamerican chronology. Often the term "Aztec" refers exclusively to the people of Tenochtitlan, situated on an island in Lake Texcoco, who called themselves Mexica Tenochca or Colhua-Mexica. Sometimes also includes the inhabitants of Tenochtitlan's two principal allied city-states, the Acolhuas of Texcoco and the Tepanecs of Tlacopan, who together with the Mexica formed the Aztec Triple Alliance which has also become known as the "Aztec Empire". From the 12th century Valley of Mexico was the nucleus of Aztec civilization: here the capital of the Aztec Triple Alliance, the city of Tenochtitlan, was built upon raised islets in Lake Texcoco.
At its pinnacle Aztec culture had rich and complex mythological and religious traditions, as well as reaching remarkable architectural and artistic accomplishments. In 1521, in what is probably the most widely known episode in the Spanish colonization of the Americas, Hernan Cortes, along with a large number of Nahuatl speaking indigenous allies, conquered Tenochtitlan and defeated the Aztec Triple Alliance under the leadership of Hueyi Tlatoani Moctezuma II; In the series of events often referred to as "The Fall of the Aztec Empire". The capital city of the Aztec empire was Tenochtitlan, now the site of modern-day Mexico City.
Tenochtitlan was built according to a fixed plan and centered on the ritual precinct, where the Great Pyramid of Tenochtitlan rose 50 m above the city.
Around the island, chinampa beds were used to grow foodstuffs as well as, over time, to increase the size of the island. Anthropologist Eduardo Noguera estimates the population at 200,000 based in the house count and merging the population of Tlatelolco (once an independent city, but later became a suburb of Tenochtitlan).
The Aztec civilization contained about 15 million people that lived in nearly 500 towns and cities. The leader listened to Huitzilipochtli, and followed through with his orders in Anno Domini 1325. The houses were also packed tightly together to make the only time when the sun would beam down on them high noon. The center of Tenochtitlan was made up of many temples, the most important one being the Main Temple, palaces, pyramids, and a great plaza.
It was free of any sort of litter and had an incredibly tall wall in which another city could be constructed.
The Aztecs of Tenochtitlan though it necessary to nourish the deities with human hearts, because if not, then the sun would not come up daily, or there would be an enormous drought. The inhabitants of Tenochtitlan were what probably made Tenochtitlan the great empire that it is remembered as today. Despite some early battles between the two, Cortes allied himself with the Aztecs' long-time enemy, the Confederacy of Tlaxcala, and arrived at the gates of Tenochtitlan on November 8, 1519. The Spaniards and their Tlaxcallan allies became increasingly dangerous and unwelcome guests in the capital city. Despite the decline of the Aztec empire, most of the Mesoamerican cultures were intact after the fall of Tenochtitlan. The Tlaxcalans remained loyal to their Spanish friends and were allowed to come on other conquests with Cortes and his men. The pre-conquest Aztecs were an empire that prospered agriculturally, and they did so without the wheel or domestic beasts of burden.
The terraces were built by piling up a wall of stones parallel to the contour of the hillside.
In the swampy regions along Lake Xochimilco, the Aztecs implemented yet another method of crop cultivation.
The Aztecs are credited with domestication of the subspecies of Wild turkey, Meleagris gallopavo, which is native to this region. Song and poetry were highly regarded; there were presentations and poetry contests at most of the Aztec festivals.
In the same way that the second letter of Cortez made a mention of "mesquitas", or in English, "mosques", when trying to convey his impression of Aztec architecture, early colonists and missionaries divided the principal bodies of nahuatl literature as "poetry" and "prose". The most important collection of these poems is Romances de los senores de la Nueva Espana, collected (Tezcoco 1582), probably by Juan Bautista de Pomar. Plays in Nahuatl, written by converted Indians, were an important instrument for the conversion to Christianity, and are still found today in the form of traditional pastorelas, which are played during Christmas to show the Adoration of Baby Jesus, and other Biblical passages.
The Aztec sculptures which adorned their temples and other buildings were among the most elaborate in all of the Americas.
In Aztec society, warriors, priests, and the nobility were considered to be among the most respected in the Aztecan social hierarchy Because of the Aztecs' emphasis on warfare, the warrior class was highly valued, and often warriors would volunteer for the most important Aztec sacrificial rituals.
The long distance traders also enjoyed considerable privileges and often served the government as ambassadors and spies. The nobilities were the people who were nobles by birth, priests, and those who earned their rank. The very highest social sphere was occupied by a minority of families known as the pipiltin.
The most numerous social group was known as the macehualtin; these people were engaged in agriculture and the common trades. The lower social orders were made up by peasants, who like the European serfs, were attached to the lands owned by the nobility and were obliged to cultivate them in exchange for part of the harvest. Traveling merchants called pochtecah were a small, but important class as they not only facilitated commerce, but also communicated vital information across the empire and beyond its borders. This slavery was very different from what Europeans of the same period were to establish in their colonies, although it had much in common with the slaves of classical antiquity. Typically, upon the death of the master, slaves who had performed outstanding services were freed.
Orozco y Berra also reports that a master could not sell a slave without the slave's consent, unless the slave had been classified as incorrigible by an authority. However, if a collared slave managed to present him- or herself in the royal palace or in a temple, he or she would regain liberty.
Motolinia reports that some captives, future victims of sacrifice, were treated as slaves with all the rights of an Aztec slave until the time of their sacrifice, but it is not clear how they were kept from running away. The pre-Columbian codices differ from European codices in that they are largely pictorial; they were not meant to symbolize spoken or written narratives. Although there are very few surviving pre-conquest codices, the tlacuilo (codex painter) tradition endured the transition to colonial culture; scholars now have access to a body of around 500 colonial-era codices. According to the Madrid Codex, the fourth tlatoani Itzcoatl (ruling from 1427 (or 1428) to 1440) ordered the burning of all historical codices because it was "not wise that all the people should know the paintings".
In 1519, Hernan Cortez tasted Cacahuatt, a drink enjoyed by Montezuma II, the last Aztec emperor. The Aztec economy can be divided into a political sector, under the control of nobles and kings, and a commercial sector that operated independently of the political sector. Nobles owned all land, and commoners got access to farmland and other fields through a variety of arrangements, from rental through sharecropping to serf-like labor and slavery. Some sellers in the markets were petty vendors; farmers might sell some of their produce, potters sold their vessels, and so on.
The tepochcalli was for the children of common families and there was one in each neighborhood. The calmecac was for the children of the nobility, and served to form new military and religious leaders. Until the age of fourteen, the education of children was in the hands of their parents, but supervised by the authorities of their calpolli.
Aztec teachers (tlatimine) propounded a spartan regime of education with the purpose of forming a stoical people. The Aztecs made terraces, which were steps descending down a hall to control the flow of water. It was very hard to build Tenochtitlan because the Aztecs only had a small piece of land in the surrounding marshes. It was also a discontinuous empire because not all dominated territories were connected, for example the southern peripheral zones of Xoconochco were not in direct contact with the center. Although the Aztec form of government is often referred to as an empire, in fact most areas within the empire were organized as city-states, known as altepetl in Nahuatl. For most people today, and for the European Catholics who first met the Aztecs, human sacrifice was the most striking feature of Aztec civilization. For example, for the reconsecration of Great Pyramid of Tenochtitlan in 1487, the Aztecs reported that they sacrificed 84,400 prisoners over the course of four days, reportedly by Ahuitzotl, the Great Speaker himself. In the writings of Bernardino de Sahagun, Aztec "anonymous informants" defended the practice of human sacrifice by asserting that it was not very different from the European way of waging warfare: Europeans killed the warriors in battle, Aztecs killed the warriors after the battle.
Accounts by the Tlaxcaltecas, the primary enemy of the Aztecs at the time of the Spanish Conquest, show that at least some of them considered it an honor to be sacrificed.
Nahuatl is a group of related languages and dialects of the Nahuan (traditionally called "Aztecan") branch of the Uto-Aztecan language family. This early literary language based on the Tenochtitlan dialect has been labeled Classical Nahuatl and is among the most studied and best documented languages of the Americas. Variations of this language are still spoken in some of the more remote areas of Mexico in which the indigenous cultures are still alive. Aztec religion combined elements of polytheism, shamanism and animism within a framework of astronomy and calendrics. Aztec cosmology divided the world into upper and nether-worlds, each associated with a specific set of deities and astronomical objects. Large parts of the Aztec pantheon were inherited from previous Mesoamerican civilizations and others, such as Tlaloc, Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca, were venerated by different names in most cultures throughout the history of Mesoamerica.
Aztec philosophy saw the concept of teotl as a fundamental unity that underlies the entire universe.
Aztec priests had a panentheistic view of religion but the popular Aztec religion maintained polytheism. Precolumbian Aztec society was the highly complex and stratified society that developed among the Aztecs of central Mexico in the centuries prior to the Spanish conquest of Mexico, and which were built on the cultural foundations of the larger region of Mesoamerica. Politically the society was based around the independent citystate, called an "Altepetl", composed of smaller divisions called Calpulli, which were again normally composed of one or more extended kinship groups. Prior to the fall of the Aztec, the Aztec people had a stable economy driven by a successful trade market. The trade market of the Aztec people was not only important to commerce, but also to the socialization, as the markets provided a place for the people to exchange information within their regions. The long distance trade was carried out by merchants called pochteca, who were defined by their positions within the system. The third group of long distance traders was the tencunenenque, who worked for the rulers by carrying out personal trade. All trade throughout the Aztec Empire was regulated by officers who patrolled the markets to ensure that the buyers were not being cheated by the merchants.
Several pages from the Codex Mendoza list tributary towns along with the goods they supplied, which included not only luxuries such as feathers, adorned suits, and greenstone beads, but more practical goods such as cloth, firewood, and food. Archaeological excavations in the Aztec-ruled provinces show that incorporation into the empire had both costs and benefits for provincial peoples.
The main contribution of the Aztec rule was a system of communications between the conquered cities. Due to the aspirations of conquest and the religious beliefs of the Mexicas, war was a very important activity. The people were completely prepared for war and great emphasis was placed on the creation of codexes and on the interpretation of the calendars, since both activities were essential to religion and community life. The codexes consist of writing and drawings made by the Mesoamerican people on strips of deer skin, or on a kind of paper made from amate tree bark. The administration of Tenochtitlan and its foreign provinces required a great deal of paperwork. Instructions and reports passed to and fro between the capital and the outlying cities, and like any civilized people of today the Mexicans were familiar with both red tape and official correspondence. In addition each temple owned a library of religious and astrological works, while a large private household, like that of Moctezuma, employed a full-time steward to look after the accounts which were so many that they filled an entire house.
Some painted the frontiers, limits, and boundary markers of the cities, provinces and villages, and also the distribution of fields, whose they were and to whom they belonged.
The priests recorded all matters to do with the temples and images, with their idolatrous doctrines, the festivals of their false gods, and their calendars. And finally, the philosophers and learned men which there were among them were charged with painting all the sciences which they had discovered, and with teaching by memory all the songs in which were embodied their scientific knowledge and historical traditions.
In the law courts, especially those dealing with land and property rights, the disputants supported their claims with genealogies and maps, showing the king's land in purple, the lords' in red, and the clan fields in yellow.
Of this mass of paperwork hardly anything remains, and nearly all the surviving books from the Aztec homeland are of post-Conquest date.
Some are copies of earlier works, while others are written in Aztec script with Spanish or Nahuati commentaries in European letters. The best collection of preConquest books comes from Oaxaca, the land of the Mixtecs, where more than a dozen examples have been preserved. Each book, or codex, consists of a strip, anything up to 13 yards in length and some 6-7 inches high, made of paper, maguey cloth, or deer skin, and folded in zigzag or concertina fashion like a modern map, so that wherever the user opened it he was confronted by two pages. The ends of the strip were glued to thin plaques of wood which served as covers and were some-times decorated with paintings or with discs of turquoise.
Each page was normally read from top to bottom, though in some codices the arrangement is zigzag or even goes around the page.
This enormous production of documents was dependent on a steady supply of the raw materials, and each year 24,000 reams of paper, the equivalent of 480,000 sheets, were sent to Tenochtitlan.
A binding material (probably a gum of vegetable origin), was added, and the fibers were beaten out into a thin, homogeneous sheet.
The principal colors were red, blue, green, and yellow, and the pigments were sometimes mixed with an oil to give added luster.
Aztec personal names were of the descriptive type which could usually be written in glyphs. In the latter case, the eye symbol can be used, as a sort of pun, to indicate the first person singular. These symbols were not placed in sequence, one after the other like the letters and words in a book, but formed part of a larger composition which often took the form of a scene in which many things may be happening at once. Every item in a composition is there to give information, either directly or by implication, and the painter assumes that the person examining the document is familiar with the insignia of rank, the costumes appropriate to the various classes, and the iconography of the different gods. A scribe who could keep pace with court proceedings had every reason to be proud of his skill Aztec. Most modern day Mexicans (and people of Mexican descent in other countries) are mestizos, of mixed indigenous and European Spanish ancestry.
The Nahuatl language is today spoken by 1.5 million people, mostly in mountainous areas in the states of central Mexico. Mexico City was built on the ruins of Tenochtitlan, making it one of the oldest living cities of America. Mexico's premier religious icon, the Virgin of Guadalupe has certain similarities to the Mexica earth mother goddess Tonantzin.
For the 1986 FIFA World Cup Adidas designed the official match ball to show in its "triades" Aztec architectural and mural designs. Laurette Sejourne, a French anthropologist, wrote about Aztec and Mesoamerican spirituality. Others, such as Antonio Velazco, have transformed the writings by Sejourne and Leon-Portilla into a religious movement.
If you have not read part one you may want to for orientation and proper comprehension of part 2. The synchronic order is how the Tzolkin code models reality in terms of 4 colors, 13 numbers and 20 symbols.
In the same way that the 4 nucleobases and 20 amino acid of the DNA code articulate and organize the realm of living organisms so does the Tzolkin code accurately model and describe the world of human events and its players. In order to minimize confusion and information overload in part 2 I am going to refer to the Tzolkin archetypal symbols by their numerical value 1 through 20 and I will not refer to the color code aspect. Aztec stone Calendar: A complex code modeling the cosmic order referred to by the Aztecs as the Great and Venerable Mechanism of the Universe.
The number (13) refers to the 13th day of the 13-day tone cycle and the number 17 refers to the 17th archetype in the 20 day archetypal cycle. The number 2 represents archetype number 2 and it’s always paired with 17 and vice versa. I won’t explain in this article why the two paired numbers of a Tzolkin date are always paired, because I fear this article is already too complicated for non-students of Tzolkin cosmology aka Art and Science of Synchronicity (ARTSOS). The Tzolkin cycle is itself is a weave of 3 subcycles, the two mentioned and a 3rd known as the 4 day 4 color cycle. The first synchronicity you will note is that the reader’s question was posed during the portion of the Tzolkin sequence numbered 111 through 119. As you can see the number 11 is already present, the reader inquired about the number 111 and k-111 had passed only 5 day before. A question arises; if the entire Tzolkin code represents the numerical matrix governing synchronicity then why would one of its components have that specific designation? Before I get into the thick of my 11:11 experience I want to point out an amazing numerical synchronicity between, Jose Arguelles and the date he made famous, December, 21st, 2012.
Proponents of 11:11 mania have tweaked the time by one minute to add more mystique to their claim.
Whatever the case it is a remarkable synchronicity involving what will undoubtably be histories most famous winter solstice for a long time to come and the man responsible for bringing it to the world’s attention. From my point of view I consider approximations to be significant indicators whose values decline in proportion to their inaccuracy.
Many numerologists would say 2 x 11 is 22, but I’m not convinced of that methodology. Whatever the case the number 11 is on the time stamp of his message as is the number 2 as in 22. One of the essential principles to grasp with regards to the number 11, its multiples or any series of repeating numbers is the repetition itself. Several months before JFK was assassinated he had signed an order allowing the government to print and issue its own silver backed money known as silver certificates(Executive Order 11110). The flurry of synchronicities prompted me do my first published case into the phenomena I call synchronic reverberations.
The term synchronicity only describes the simultaneous or near simultaneous occurrence of two or more acausal events in which the observer finds meaningful connections— as in the case provided. Carl Jung, the famed psychologist, coined the term synchronicity and correctly conjectured that some deeper order must underlie synchronicities. Synchronicities are curiosities with the potential for deeper meaning once they are understood in relation to the Tzolkin cycle-code. In fact his death and birth dates are mirror images of each other if we take out the kin numbers.
Release type themas begin to predominate before a Timewave shift point and continue to predominate until a tension building shift begins anew and then tension building type themas predominate.
On two occasions within the last 6 months elements outside of myself bring to my attention the numbers 22 and 111.
Both inquires pose the question as to what meaning might be encoded in the numbers mentioned.  The work inspired by those two prompts served to provide examples of what I mean by synchronic reverberations (SR).
At first glance we get the idea of repetition and by decoding the dates in question it is discovered that related events share the same or similar numerical underpinnings. Proximity to other Tzolkin elements helps to zero in on the most precise nature of the event(s) in question. There are a total of 20 number sets and 13 tones why would such a select set of numbers show up more often than any other set of numbers contained within the tzolkin?
The JFK example along with what I’ve listed elsewhere in this and other articles and other examples I have yet to publish seems to confirm my claim that the Tzolkin cycle represents a deterministic and repeating universal order giving everything its place, trajectory, timing and attendant qualities.
The article you are reading was started and written during the 13 days of the 18-1 tone cycle of reflection, order and endlessness—also known as the Mirror tone cycle. Here we have the principle of the center, the void and the central channel, column or pillar. Now take take the image and rotate so that if it were a cylinder you would be looking through it as if it were a telescope.
Bilateralism and symmetry reflects a foundational order that is seen all the way down to the atomic nucleus where protons are paired with neutrons and each in turn is made of 3 quarks.  The DNA molecule consists of two parallel strands.
The 4 color 4 day part of the Tzolkin cycle corresponds to the 4 nucleobases and the 20 amino-acids correspond to the 20 day archetypal cycle. For more detailed information on this aspect you may review The Tzolkin Code is to Humans as the Genetic Code is to Molecules. The two strands of the DNA must release each other in order to continue the process of replication. Immediately following the 18-1 tone cycle is the 11-8 tone cycle of play, magic and iLLusion. The second part of article is then completed and published or released 3 days into the 11-8 tone cycle of magic and illusion which is also the start of the second half of the Tzolkin cycle. I split the article in two because I thought it was going to be too big and intensive as one. As you can see the pattern of parallel lines are literally woven into every fiber of our being and we are equally immersed in a world constructed out of the same. The last question is why have people fixated and ascribed more meaning to repeating ones than to any other repeating number pattern?


The principles coded by the number 11 are intrinsic and fundamental to the way we and our world is structured and developed. If the brain is indeed capable of picking up on such signals then it follows that the signals from the future instance of 11:11 AM December. Whatever the qualitative nature of such signals we can at least say that they must be strong given the amount of people attuned to that date and the numerology associated with that date.
I am preparing a more in depth report on Einstein’s idea about the simultaneity of past, present and future and its implications. Some of us are more sensitive to these emanations from the future and when 11:11 or 111 registers on the visual field of such sensitives it must trigger a strong sensation. Around the same time in 1990-91 Jose Arguelles published his interpretation of the Tzolkin cycle.  The time period in question was coded by the year code (11)9-10. Related Posts:Spikes in Earthquake Frequency and Intensity Linked to Tzolkin Cycle Hyper-DaysThe Universal Meaning of 2012 and the Mayan Calendar. Much of the time I figure that I’m just looking for order within chaos because the idea of no order or structure at all is difficult to live with. When I hit that many instances of one of the numbers that tends to resonate for some reason with me like 11:11, 111, 444, 13 & 17 what do you suppose that means?
For years, the official time for the winter solstice of 2012 was indeed 11:11 as published by the US Naval Observatory (the branch of our government that posts such things). Please tell me what piece of cosmic puzzle I’m missing because my article identifies what you say and I relate the phenomena to universal domains of experience.
I suspect there’s likely a way to use the instances when these particular numbers appear more frequently, but still clueless as to how.
The mathematical interrelationship between a 260 day Tzolkin cycle and a 365 day solar cycle works out such that only 4 specific archetypes out of the 20 fall on any given day of the solar cycle. So not only did you appear 3 days before your Tzolkin birth kin of 136, but you are also a direct manifestation of the current tone cycle. Further down on the same page you can find the information that will tell you how to identify the other members of one’s archetypal-number family. But I would like some clarifications so I can better understand everything you have been talking about. And in the end: why are gregorian dates relevant if gregorian calendar is not the right representation of what is going on in our universe?
And it just so happened that the words being used to reflect the ideas and concepts being discussed in the article also lent themselves in such a way . One of the claims I make is that everything is synchronized and that nothing is too trivial for the workings of cosmic order and synchronicity.
If my understanding of the Tzolkin cycle is correct then everything is ultimately organized, produced and evolved by the Tzolkin cycle process and that would include humans and their inventions. But it is the Tzolkin cycle process that gives everything its place, position, velocity and trajectory… that is the Tzolkin cycle is behind the movements of the planets, sun and stars. A New Domain of Science has Arrived: The Nature of Reality According to Tzolkin Cosmology — A Science for All People. The Mexicas borrowed much of their culture from the ancient Toltec whom they seem to have at least partially confused with the more ancient civilization of Teotihuacan. Canals were also cut out through the marsh so that a typical Aztec home had its back to a canal with a canoe tied at the door.
The scrolls have the Aztecs leaving Aztlan, which was described as an island in a lake with Chicomoztoc depicted as seven temples in the center of the island.
Tenochtitlan was located on a marshy island with limited resources, they built a few thatch and mud huts, and some small temples. Since it was built on swamp land, large wooden stakes were driven into the soft ground to provide secure foundations for the new buildings.
They grew from a small tribe of mercenaries into a powerful and highly disciplined military force. In other contexts it may refer to all the various city states and their peoples, who shared large parts of their ethnic history as well as many important cultural traits with the Mexica, Acolhua and Tepanecs, and who like them, also spoke the Nahuatl language.
The Triple Alliance formed its tributary empire expanding its political hegemony far beyond the Valley of Mexico, conquering other city states throughout Mesoamerica. A particularly striking element of Aztec culture to many was the practice of human sacrifice.
Subsequently the Spanish founded the new settlement of Mexico City on the site of the ruined Aztec capital. Built on a series of islets in Lake Texcoco, the city plan was based on a symmetrical layout that was divided into four city sections called campans.
Houses were made of wood and loam, roofs were made of reed, although pyramids, temples and palaces were generally made of stone. Chinampas, misnamed "floating gardens", were long raised plant beds set upon the shallow lake bottom. If one includes the surrounding islets and shores surrounding Lake Texcoco, estimates range from 300,000 to 700,000 inhabitants.
Supposedly, the myth behind the founding of Tenochtitlan: Huitzilopochtli (the God of the Aztecs) told one of the leaders in a dream, "When you followed my orders and killed my nephew Capil and ripped out his heart, and threw it away into the lake, the heart fell on a stone, and from this stone out grew a napal cactus and on this an eagle is now perched. The reason behind naming the city Tenochtitlan was that it meant the place of rock and nopal.
There were four huge dikes all going out from the center of the city to separate docks and small islands. The floating gardens were important to Tenochtitlan because there was so little land to farm on. The center was roughly five-hundred and fifty square yards, but seemed much bigger because everything was packed so tightly together. The three main causes were repeated attacks by Cortes, a great famine that resulted from a decline in foreign trade, and many diseases carried over by the Euoropeans. His successor, Motehcuzoma Xocoyotzin (better known as Moctezuma II or Montezuma), had been Hueyi Tlatoani for 17 years when the Spaniards, led by Hernan Cortes, landed on the Gulf Coast in the spring of 1519. In June, 1520, hostilities broke out, culminating in the massacre in the Main Temple and the death of Moctezuma II.
Indeed, the freedom from Aztec domination may have been considered a positive development by most of the other cultures. A remarkable amount of this poetry survives, having been collected during the era of the conquest.
Research about music of the Aztec people dates back to the writings of Bernal del Castillo, who was appalled by the music of these people because he viewed it during their ritualistic sacrifices, which were very different from rituals of Christian worship. The most outstanding artisans, physicians and truly wise teachers were also highly respected.
Originally this status was not hereditary, although the sons of pillis had access to better resources and education, so it was easier for them to become pillis.
These people were members of the hereditary nobility and occupied the top positions in the government, the army and the priesthood. Eduardo Noguera estimates that in later stages only 20% of the population was dedicated to agriculture and food production. Although they worked the land in family units and were allowed to kept their produce, the land itself was collectively owned by the inhabitants of the neighborhood or calpulli. They would then be washed, provided with new clothes not owned by the master, and declared free. A slave who was sold four times as incorrigible could be sold to be sacrificed; those slaves commanded a premium in price. A murderer sentenced to death could instead, upon the request of the wife of his victim, be given to her as a slave.
They could stay free long enough to enjoy the price of their liberty, about twenty blankets, usually enough for a year; after that time they went to their new master. The colonial era codices not only contain Aztec pictograms, but also Classical Nahuatl (in the Latin alphabet), Spanish, and occasionally Latin.
Among other purposes, this allowed the Aztec state to develop a state-sanctioned history and mythos that venerated Huitzilopochtli.
The Aztecs made chocolate from the fruit of the cacao tree and used it as a flavoring and as an ingredient in various beverages and kinds of confectionery. Cortez observed that the Aztecs treated cacao beans, used to make the drink, as priceless treasures. The political sector of the economy centered on the control of land and labor by kings and nobles. These payments from commoners to nobles supported both the lavish lifestyles of the high nobility and the finances of city-states. Other vendors were professional merchants who traveled from market to market seeking profits. Part of this education involved learning a collection of sayings, called huehuetlatolli ("sayings of the old"), that embodied the Aztecs' ideals. The Mexica, one of the Aztec groups, were one of the first people in the world to have mandatory education for nearly all children, regardless of gender, rank, or station. They were surrounded by very strong neighbors, so they were forced to live on the swampy, western side of the lake. Like most European empires, it was ethnically very diverse, but unlike most European empires, it was more a system of tribute than a single system of government. The hegemonic nature of the Aztec empire can be seen in the fact that generally local rulers were restored to their positions once their city-state was conquered and the Aztecs did not interfere in local affairs as long as the tribute payments were made.
While human sacrifice was practiced throughout Mesoamerica, the Aztecs, if their own accounts are to be believed, brought this practice to an unprecedented level.
For example, the sheer logistics associated with sacrificing 84,000 victims would be overwhelming, 2,000 being a more likely figure.
In one legend, the warrior Tlahuicole was freed by the Aztecs but eventually returned of his own volition to die in ritual sacrifice. It belongs to a large group of Indian languages which also include the languages spoken by the Comanche, Pima, Shoshone and other tribes of western North America. Collectively they are spoken by an estimated 1.5 million Nahua people, most of whom live in Central Mexico. Like other Mesoamerican religions, it had elements of human sacrifice in connection with a large number of religious festivals which were held according to patterns of the Aztec calendar. Important in Aztec religion were the sun, moon and the planet Venus - all of which held different symbolic and religious meanings and were connected to deities and geographical places. For the Aztecs especially important deities were Tlaloc the god of rain, Huitzilopochtli the patron god of the Mexico tribe, Quetzalcoatl the culture hero and god of civilization and order, and Tezcatlipoca the god of destiny and fortune, connected with war and sorcery. Priests saw the different gods as aspects of the singular and transcendent unity of teotl but the masses were allowed to practice polytheism without understanding the true, unified nature of the Aztec gods. Art was considered to be good if it in some way brought about a better understanding of teotl. Socially the society depended on a rather strict division between nobles and free commoners both groups which were divided into elaborate hierarchies of social status, responsibilities and power.
The markets, which were located in the center of many communities, were well organized and diverse in goods, as noted by the Spanish conquistadors upon their arrival. This type of trade market was used primarily for locally produced goods, as there was not much traveling needed to exchange goods at the market. These professional merchants occupied a high status in Aztec society, below the noble class. The pochtecatlatoque were the elder of the pochteca, and were no longer travelers, but rather acted as administrators, overseeing young pochteca and administering the marketplace. The naualoztomeca were forced to disguise themselves as they traveled, as they sought after rare goods. Because markets were so numerous, in large cities reaching upwards of 20,000 people, the organization was crucial, and the Aztecs were able to create a successful market due to the success of enforcing the laws of the empire. On the positive side, the empire promoted commerce and trade, and exotic goods from obsidian to bronze managed to reach the houses of both commoners and nobles.
In Mesoamerica, without draft animals for transport (nor, as a result, wheeled vehicles), the roads were designed for travel on foot.
The Mexicas believed that the gods had sacrificed themselves for mankind, that their blood had given man life, and that the Sun was nourished with the blood of human hearts.
Many were destroyed by the Spanish Conquistadors, and others were lost through neglect or due to the fragile materials on which they were created. Taxes had to be collected, lawsuits between villages or private individuals had all to be recorded, and the merchants kept accounts of their goods and profits. The clans maintained land registers, and when Cortes reached Tenochtitlan he had no trouble in procuring from the royal archive a map showing all the rivers and bays along a 400-mile stretch of the north coast.
Ixtiuxochiti, a brother of the last native ruler of Texcoco, has left this account in the prologue to his Historia Chichimeca.
Other scribes kept the law books and those dealing with the rites and ceremonies which they practiced when they were infidels. Both sides of the strip were covered with writing and pictures, and the individual pages were divided into sections by red or black lines. After smoothing and drying, the processed bark fibers had recognizably become paper, but the surfaces were still porous and rough, unsuitable for painting until they had been given a coating of white chalky varnish or size. The name of the Emperor Acamapichtli means 'Handful of Reeds' and his glyph is a forearm with the hand grasping a bundle of stalks. Every word in spoken language has a sound as well as a meaning, and glyphs were sometimes used to indicate the phonetic value of a word rather than its sense.
It is possible to write the sentence, 'I can be hospitable', as a series of phonetic glyphs: an eye, a tin can, a bee, a horse, a pit or hole, and a table. An Aztec manuscript is not read in the normal sense of the word, but is deciphered like a puzzle picture in which the glyphs provide.
A priest, for instance, is always depicted with his face painted black, his hair long, and his ear-lobe stained red from blood-letting. The signs for grass, canes, and rushes look very much the same in black and white, but in color there could be no mistake: in the Codex Mendoza grass is yellow, canes are blue, rushes green. Both writing and reading were therefore specialized skills, and it is no wonder that the mass of the population remained illiterate. During the 16th century the racial composition of Mexico began to change from one that featured distinct indigenous (Mexicas and members of the many other Mexican indigenous groups) and immigrant (mostly Spanish) populations, to the population composed primarily of mestizos that is found in modern day Mexico. Local dialects of Spanish, Mexican Spanish generally, and the Spanish language worldwide have all been influenced, in varying degrees, by Nahuatl.
The cuisine has also become a popular part of the cuisine of the United States and other countries around the world, typically altered to suit various national tastes. Her depiction of the Aztecs as a spiritual people was so compelling that new religions have been formed based on her writings. Antonio Velasco Pina has written three books, Tlacaelel, El Azteca entre los Aztecas, La mujer dormida debe dar a luz, and Regina.
According to Tzolkin cosmology everything, everyone and every event is a manifestation of the synchronic order. In the late afternoon of April, 19th 2011or on the eve of April 20th I received an email from a reader asking about the meaning of number 111. Experientially I can detect the gradual shift in the thematic content of the days events in the mid-afternoon.
I am using the numerical equivalent of each archetype to more clearly reveal the synchronicities. Jose Arguelles is the rediscoverer of the correct Tzolkin cycle and founder of the entire Mayan calendar-2012 phenomena. If you make time to read deeply enough into the Art and Science of Synchronicity you will find that serial number is an appropriate and precise metaphor. Eleven-eleven could be a valid claim had they said that the Long Count cycle ends at 11:11 and 59 seconds. The first event was a message from a member of my Twitter network asking me about the significance of the number 22. His plan, to spur a politicized mass movement to buy silver with intent of taking down public enemy number two—JPMorgan.
That may have been the event that sealed his doom since he was in effect bypassing the criminal banking cartel that operates the world’s central banks. Up until now synchronistic phenomena were mere curiosities surrounded by plenty of speculation.
My study of the Tzolkin cycle-code has convinced me that it does indeed describe the nuts, bolts, levers and pulleys of synchronicity. Hence the very resounding and numerous synchronicities surrounding key events of his  life. For all the details see Silver, Monetary Policy, the Assassination of JFk and a Case in Synchronic Reverberations. The 11th tone of the 13-day tone cycle possesses the key attributes of dissolves, release and liberation. On that very day Burmese pro democracy leader Aung San Suu kyi was released from prison after a 15 year incarceration.
The next Timewave report will show how the Tzolkin cycle seems to be interpenetrating with theTimewave.
But I’ve noticed that shift points themselves are accompanied by pairs of signatory events.
Emergent culture refers to all groups and individuals working toward a sustainably modeled world built on transparency, non-violence, real democracy, gender balance and egalitarian principles. The purpose of which is to usher in a new grand cycle of time by organizing the world’s largest ritual gathering to further promote the theme of planetary and cultural renewal.
Three or more 6.0M or greater magnitude earthquakes per day are rare events happening perhaps once a year. The birth, death and the date of one of JFK’s most momentous decisions are all coded by the same 4 sets of numbers. The green squares form a DNA like spiral that is more easily seen if several Tzolkin charts are stacked atop each other.
When you look at Tzolkin chart you will note how the 2 10-day hyper-day sequences on either side of the central column form a number 11. In your minds eye create a three dimensional structure of the Tzolkin in which each square is a node like the nodes of a 3D DNA model.
If you can imagine that the it would look like the axial view of the DNA molecule below right. So it is that I prepare and release part one of this article on the subject of numerological order during the tone cycle of order and during the first half of the Tzolkin cycle. For a more detailed exploration of this subject see Alice and the Rabbit Holographic Universe.
It will list various examples of how future instances were written about in advance of their happening.
A person by the name of Solara began picking up on these signals sometime in 1990-91 and she has written extensively about the number 11:11 and what she thinks it means.
In the same way that a day or tone cycle has overriding themes so does a solar year period. A new socio-cultural order is taking shape as the old one falls away.  That would accord with the start of a new planetary scaled cycle of time. He laid the groundwork that enables me to write about the 11:11 phenomena in a coherent and meaningful way and it was he who released all of the germinal information upon which December 21, 2012 is founded. However, when I experience an intense recognition of this sort of synchronicity as I did when some time ago, I was noticing an occurrence of 111 when the phone rang. The practicality of my comment was too emphasize the spontaneity of events surround the catalysts that helped bring 11:11 into greater light.
Seventeen is close to you for two reasons… it is part of your Gregorian birth date and as kin 136 that you puts you right next to kin 137 or number set 17-2.
Occasionally, the USNO needs to update their calculations as the celestial event in question nears, and this is the case with winter solstice of 2012. I also relate it to a mathematical system that has demonstrated the ability to mirror and interrelate our reality in terms of code of numbers. The overall vision of the new age movement is honorable and inspiring, but they are plagued by too much speculation, scant to non-existent evidence and little rigor.
I call them space-time vectors where the discombobulating precision and holographic nature of the cosmos makes itself known—aka synchronistic phenomena. They could be if you’re involved with endeavors that include trying to make sense of numbers, as in my case, otherwise its like what you said about the wiring. The 4 archetypes round out one’s personality complex according to archetypal thematics. BTW your fascination with 11:11 and series of ones is due to the fact that you belong to Archetypal family number 1 and one of your archetypes is archetype number 11.
The heavenly bodies are merely the surface features of much vaster and deeper cosmic ordering process. The Republic of Mexico and its capital, Mexico City, derive their names from the word "Mexica".
The Spanish colonization of the Americas reached the mainland during the reign of Huey Tlatoani , Moctezuma II (Montezuma II). To the Mexicas, the Toltecs were the originators of all culture; "Toltecayotl" was a synonym for culture. Legend has it that they came from an Island called Aztlan, meaning White Place - Place of Herons. They were hatred and rejected by all the surrounding inhabitants of the valley, for their barbarous and uncultured habits. They were able to use the stone Tezontli to construct the buildings on the unstable ground.
He was related to the last rulers of Culhuacan, and his lineage extended back in time to the great Toltec ruler Quetzalcoatl.
They also formed alliances with their powerful neighbors Texcoco and Tacuba, known as the Triple Alliance. In this meaning it is possible to talk about an Aztec civilization including all the particular cultural patterns common for the Nahuatl speaking peoples of the late postclassic period in Mesoamerica.
In this famous city, the government controlled and were responsible to deal with taxes, punishment, famine, and market trading.
The inhabitants of Tenochtitlan used irrigation to grow crops throughout the year and made "floating gardens" by filling shallow areas of the lake and anchoring the soil with trees. There were close to a dozen temples in the center, but the most important one was the Main Temple.
Since the land was not a great place to grow crops, the Aztecs were forced to work around this fact, which they did very well.


Tenochtitlan was well protected by Lake Texcoco, but Cortes and his army were just too strong.
The Spaniards fled the town on July 1, an episode later characterized as La Noche Triste (the Sad Night). The upper classes of the Aztec empire were considered noblemen by the Spaniards and generally treated as such initially. The earliest, most basic form of agriculture implemented by the Aztecs is known as rainfall cultivation. In some cases poetry is attributed to individual authors, such as Nezahualcoyotl, tlatoani of Texcoco, and Cuacuauhtzin, Lord of Tepechpan, but whether these attributions reflect actual authorship is a matter of opinion. Yaocuicatl was devoted to war and the god(s) of war, Teocuicatl to the gods and creation myths and to adoration of said figures, xochicuicatl to flowers (a symbol of poetry itself and indicative of the highly metaphorical nature of a poetry that often utilized duality to convey multiple layers of meaning). After the conquest, the first Christian churches had open chapels reserved for these kinds of representations.
Others, such as the Franciscan monk Fray Bernardino de Sahagun and the Dominican monk Diego Duran, were able to look at the music from different viewpoints, noting the unique instruments and the qualities of pitch and harmony that were achieved with these instruments - new sounds to their ears. Many of the sculptures reflected their perception of their gods and how they interacted in their lives.
Because a person who was not a relative of the master could be declared a slave for trying to prevent a slave's escape, people typically would not help the master prevent the slave's escape.
The collar was not merely a symbol of bad conduct: it was designed to make it harder to run away through a crowd or through narrow spaces. A father could sell his son into slavery if the son was declared incorrigible by an authority.
Slaves that escaped and reached the royal palace without being caught were given their freedom instantly. They hunted for most of the meat in their diet and the chief game animals were deer, rabbits, ducks and geese.
He subsequently brought the beans back to Spain where the chocolate drink was made and then heated with added sweeteners. In Aztec marketplaces, a small rabbit was worth 30 beans, a turkey egg cost 3 beans, and a tamal cost a single bean. A typical town would have a weekly market (every 5 days), while larger cities held markets every day.
Boys received intensive military training and also learned about agriculture and the trades. Judged by their language, most of the huehuetlatolli seemed to have evolved over several centuries, predating the Aztecs and most likely adopted from other Nahua cultures. There were two types of schools: the telpochcalli, for practical and military studies, and the calmecac, for advanced learning in writing, astronomy, statesmanship, theology, and other areas.
All women were taught to be involved in religion; there are paintings of women presiding over religious ceremonies, but there are no references to female priests. In school boys were taught arts and crafts, and the girls were taught to cook and other necessities to raise a family.
Other variations on this language group are still spoken in some of the regions spanning from central Mexico through northern Mexico on into the southwestern United States including the Pima, Tohono O'ohdam of Arizona. 20 >(20) by a sign which looks like a feather or a fir tree; and 8,000 (20 x 20 x 20) by a bag or tasseled pouch which was imagined to contain 8,000 cocoa beans. It had a large and ever increasing pantheon; the Aztecs would often adopt into their own religious practice deities of other geographic regions or peoples. Each of these gods had their own temples within the Aztec capital Tenochtitlan - Tlaloc and Huitzilopochtli were both worshipped at the Templo Mayor. Even things in oppositio - light and dark, life and death - were seen as expressions of the same unity, teotl. Morality focused on finding the path to living a balanced life, which would provide stability in the shifting world. Aztec poetry was closely tied to philosophy and often used to express philosophic concepts. Economically the society was dependent on agriculture and also to a large extent warfare, other economically important factors was commerce, long distance and local, and a high degree of trade specialization. The regional merchants, known as tlanecuilo tended to barter utilitarian items and foodstuffs, which included gold, silver, and other precious stones, cloth and cotton, animal skins, both agriculture and wild game, and woodwork. With no domestic animals as an effective way to transport goods, the local markets were an essential part of Aztec commerce.
The pochteca were responsible for providing the materials that the noble class used to display their wealth.
The naualoztomeca were also used for gathering information at the markets and reporting the information to the higher levels of pochteca.
Usually these roads were maintained through tribute, and travelers had places to rest and eat and even latrines to use at regular intervals, roughly every 10 or 15 km.
They made paper by taking strips of bark from fig trees and pounding it on hard pieces of wood. The bark was soaked in a river or in a bath of limey water, and the fibers were separated from the pulp, then laid on a smooth surface, doubled over, and beaten with a mashing stone which had a ridged surface.
On this background the scribe drew his figures, first sketching the outlines in black, then adding the colors with his brush. The symbols can be thought of as ideograms in which the objects express their own natures but also the underlying ideas and not concepts associated with them.
Chimalpopoca, the name of the next ruler but one, means 'Smoking Shield', and his successor was Itzcoatl or 'Obsidian Snake'. Thus, to give an example from English, a drawing of an eye may be a pictogram (meaning the eye as part of the body), or an ideogram (expressing the idea of sight and vision), or a phonogram (standing for the sound 'I'). He can thus be recognized as a priest even when dressed in warrior 5 costume or plain garb.
A ruler could be recognized at once from the shape of his diadem and from its color, turquoise, which was reserved for royal use. Writing was not taught in the schools attended by plebeian children, and indeed the ordinary man would have no need for it.
Some Nahuatl words (most notably chocolate and tomato) have been borrowed through Spanish into other languages around the world. Many other cities and towns in Mexico and Central America have also retained their Nahuatl names (whether or not they were originally Mexica or even Nahuatl-speaking towns).
Some parts of her work have been adopted by esoteric groups, searching for occult teachings of the pre-Columbian religions. When mixed with the currents of Neopaganism, these books resulted in a new religious movement called "Mexicanista". The world standard for date change in mechanized time is midnight and its a sharp cut off from one day to the next—not so with the Tzolkin cycle. The 17th archetype possesses the key attributes of evolution, synchronicity and navigation. It seems that solstice times are rounded off to the nearest minute, but I was not able to find any solstice resources with unrounded numbers.
Most numerology examples do not disclose the rules of their craft.  Without a defined systems architecture anything goes and such methodologies may be employed depending upon the arithmetic most convenient to the connection or point one wants to make. For details please see Max keiser’s SILVER BULLET Initiative to Crash JPMorgan and Create a Just Monetary System.
The atomic number of silver is 47 and 47 just so happens to be my age as of early December 2010. The 11th archetype of the 20 archetype cycle possesses the key thematic attributes of play, magic and illusion. We get a reflection of a fractalized image of endlessness.  A fractal order that modern science has confirmed all the way down to the quantum level. Please bear in mind the a Tzolkin cycle-code chart is a 260 day snap shot of an infinite process. When you study the nature of the events listed thus far and further down you will note that they pertain to the thematics of release and liberation. My study of mythological lore, artistic and literary expressions has found that the future is indeed capable of bleeding through into the present. See image to your right.  There are many examples of 9-11 foreshadowings in Hollywood movies. 3 Volcanoes act up, 2 quakes over 6.0, Minor Nuclear Incident in India, Japan raises nuclear alert level from 5 to 7. Tzolkin number sets 17-2 and 2-17 deal specifically with the phenomena of overt synchronicity. I have seen numerological analysis of the elements involved in 9-11 with dozens and dozens of examples of the number 11embedded in varying ways. That number seems to be significant to me as well, but I figured I’d just attributed significance based on personal vanity. And, for the record… I started following your site because I feel your postings are regularly free from speculation.
This is characteristic for english language (and some others of course) but it is not characteristic for many other languages.
It does so by noting positions of the planets, sun, star and other bodies of the solar system and then correlates positions with what’s observed.
In 1521 Hernan Cortes and an allied army of American Indians that far outnumbered the defending Aztecs, conquered the Aztecs through germ warfare, siege warfare, psychological warfare, and direct combat. Mexica legends identify the Toltecs and the cult of Quetzalcoatl with the mythical city of Tollan, which they also identified with the more ancient Teotihuacan. The Aztecs believed Huitzilopochtli their war god was their protector, how had them search for their promised land. There was also continuing tensions between the Aztecs and the neighboring peoples on the mainland who despised them.
Despite these precautions, the larger temples and palaces would often sink below ground level.
With the selection of Acamapichtli as the Aztecs first true emperor, their were able to claim descendancy from the great Toltecs. The priests reported signs of doom, but Montezuma, the Aztec ruler, thought Cortez was a returning god. On the basis of current chinampa yields, it has been estimated that 1 hectare of chinampa would feed 20 individuals and 9,000 hectares of chinampas could feed 180,000. Punishment in the city of Tenochtitlan was enforced for breaking any of the code of government laws.
The structures were amazing, including the Main Temple, the Great Pyramid, and many famous palaces. This leader, his name unknown, followed his god's command, despite this area being one of the worst pieces of lan in Mexico.
Each of the quadrants contains housing developments, and what were known as "floating gardens". The Main Temple was dedicated to rain god Tlaloc and sun god Huitzilopochtli, whom the Aztecs considered their protector.
The palaces were dedicated to the kings and nobles, and the pyramids were made for sacrifices. Most of the citizens who lived in Tenochtitlan held jobs which were not associated with food.
They and their native allies returned in the spring of 1521 to lay siege to Tenochtitlan, a battle that ended on August 13 with the destruction of the city. All this changed rapidly and the native population were soon forbidden to study by law, and had the status of minors.
The Aztecs also implemented terrace agriculture in hilly areas, or areas that could not be used for normal farming. The three types were; hillslope contour terraces (steeper slopes), semi-terraces (gentle slopes, walls were made with Maguey plants rather than stones), and cross-channel terraces. Miguel Leon-Portilla, a well-respected Aztec scholar of Mexico, has stated that it is in this poetry where we can find the real thought of the Aztecs, independent of "official" Aztec ideology.
Some musical instruments used are Tetzilacatl, Teponaztli, Tecomapiloa, Omichicahuaztli, Huehuetl, Coyolli, Chililitli, Caililiztli, Chicahuaztli, Cacalachtli, Ayotl, Ayacahtli, Tetzilacatl.
The most famous surviving Aztec sculpture is the large circular Calendar Stone, which represents the Aztec universe. However, upon becoming a slave, all of the slave's animals and excess money would go to his purchaser. Slaves could buy their liberty, and slaves could be set free if they were able to show they had been mistreated or if they had children with or were married to their masters. The producers of featherwork, sculptures, jewelry, and other luxury items were full-time commoner specialists who worked for noble patrons. Cortes reported that the central market of Tlatelolco, Tenochtitlan's sister city, was visited by 60,000 people daily.
They made lengthy expeditions to all parts of Mesoamerica, and they served as the judges and supervisors of the Tlatelolco market. Once family education was over, the children of the nobles and priests went to the calmecac, and all others went to the tepochcalli. Girls were educated to form a family, and were trained in the arts and trades that would ensure the welfare of their future homes.
The two institutions seem to be common to the Nahua people, leading some experts to suggest that they are older than the Aztec culture. Chinampas, artificial islands made by weaving giant reed mats and covering them with mudded plants, were used to extend crops into the swamp. Motyl the Aztec empire was an informal or hegemonic empire because it did not exert supreme authority over the conquered lands, it merely expected tributes to be paid. Even after the empire was formed (1428) and began its program of expansion through conquest, the altepetl remained the dominant form of organization at the local level. A common Aztec religious practice was the recreation of the divine: Mythological events would be ritually recreated and living persons would impersonate specific deities and be revered as a god - and often ritually sacrificed. The belief in a unity with dualistic expressions compares with similar dialectical monist ideas in both Western and Eastern philosophies.
However, the Aztec nobility obtained much of their merchandise from neighboring highland basins, distant places within the empire, and from land beyond the empire therefore creating the need for a long distance trade organization. These people were often referred to as the richest of merchants, as they played a central role in capturing the slaves used for sacrificial victims.
On the negative side, imperial tribute imposed a burden on commoner households, who had to increase their work to pay their share of tribute.
Couriers (paynani) were constantly traveling along those ways, keeping the Aztecs informed of events, and helping to monitor the integrity of the roads. Some people were able to resist the Aztecs; the most powerful of these were the Tlaxaltecas and the Purepechas.
Others had charge of the genealogies, recording the lineage of rulers, lords and noblemen, registering the newborn and deleting those who had died. Thus the idea of death can be represented by a corpse wrapped for burial, night by a black sky and a closed eye, war by a shield and a club, or speech by a little scroll issuing from the mouth of the person who is talking. In the same way, an old person can be recognized by the lines which represent the wrinkles on his face. In a bureaucratic and centralized society the common man received his instructions from above, from the priests who looked after the religious side of his life, or from the secular officials who were drawn from the nobility and had the benefit of a calmecac education. Trytophan, the largest amino acid, one of the 20 building blocks of life is 1 nanometer across. Archetypes 7 and 12 belong to the archetypal family of overt synchronicity as do 2 and 17.  December 21, 2012 will be witness to the largest synchronized ritual event in the history of humankind.
I cannot comment on validity of methods used in other numerological analysis other than they seem arbitrary and provocative nonetheless. I answered the call and when I hung up I noticed time stamp on the incoming call was 1:11pm. Or, is it simply a simple mind grasping for order and synchronicity where there is none within random chaos? And if you took the time to read the material you would have noted that I had already acknowledged that fact. Early in the 14th century, Huitzilopochtli told Tenoch to lead his people to a place of refuge on a swampy island in Lake Texcoco. As a result, the older building were continuously repaired or rebuilt with the newer structures built over the older core.
When the Spanish saw the gold presents Montezuma offered to them as presents, they wanted to conquer the city.
Tenochitlan was built where Mexico City now stands, and the land was marshy and snake-infested, the little amount that there was. Tenochtitlan was probably one of, if not the best designed city in the world, and the center of the city proved this true. The residents of the metropolis made crafts, preached their religion, traded with other civilizations, or became part of the government. They rose about 1 meter above the surface of the water, and were separated by narrow canals, which allowed farmers to move between them by canoe. Slaves could buy their liberty, and slaves could be set free if they had children with or were married to their masters. The Aztecs believed that education was extremely valuable and insisted that boys, girls and young people attend school.
The efficient role of the altepetl as a regional political unit was largely responsible for the success of the empire's hegemonic form of control.
Due to the success of the pochteca, many of the merchants became as wealthy as the noble class, but were obligated to hide this wealth from the public. Nobles, on the other hand, often made out well under imperial rule because of the indirect nature of imperial organization.
Due to the steady surveillance, even women could travel alone, a fact that amazed the Spaniards, as that was not at all possible in Europe since the time of the Romans. Concepts involving the idea of motion, walking, migration, or the sequence of events were usually indicated by a trail of footprints going in the necessary direction. The symbol for teeth (tiantli in the Aztec language) expressed the syllable 'tlan'; the glyph or tree or forest (quauill) stood for the syllable 'quauh', a stone (tell) for 'te', a mountain (tepeti) for 'tepe', and so on. Since the Aztecs had not discovered the rules of perspective, distance is shown by placing the furthest figures at the top of the page and the nearest at the bottom. Each reader gives a slightly different time and I have asked for a link or source on the matter, but as of this update no one has responded with a source. In a few cases the 11th tone is found within 1 day of the key date in question and that is significant in that release has just taken place or is about to take place. When I went to hit play on the CD, I noticed that it was on track 11, and the time where I hit pause was 1 minute and 11 seconds into the song 1:11.
When they reached their destination, they were to look for an eagle perched on a cactus, growing from a rock or cave surrounded by water. The Spanish defeated the Aztecs and the Catholics felt that it was their duty to destroy every trace of the Aztecs. If the offense happened to be minor, the law-breaker was charged with a string of fees or fines.
At first, Tenochtitlan's position was on two islands, yet over short periods of time it extended to the lake circling it by way of building docks attached to the isles by peers, and building settlements on these docks over Lake Texcoco.
The reason the houses were painted white was so the light would reflect of them and keep the inhabitants living in the house cool.
The Spaniards and other nations were amazed with the sheer quality of the city and its residents, so therefore traded much with them.
Although the city itself was destroyed, the memories and sheer beauty of the city will remain forever. After the death of Moctezuma II, the empire fell into the hands of severely weakened emperors, such as Cuitlahuac, before eventually being ruled by puppet rulers, such as Andres de Tapia Motelchiuh, installed by the Spanish. However, they built canal systems that were longer and much more elaborate than any previous irrigation systems. The chinampas were extremely fertile pieces of land, and yielded, on average, seven crops annually. All this helped the Aztecs grow and abundance of corn, chili peppers, squash, tomatoes, beans, and other kinds of food. The pochteca were an advanced group who reported to 12 locations throughout the Empire, where the high officials were located. The empire had to rely on local kings and nobles and offered them privileges for their help in maintaining order and keeping the tribute flowing. Vowels were sometimes represented phonetically; the sound 'a' by the symbol for water (all), or '0' by a road (olli). Relative importance is indicated by size: a victorious king, for example, may be drawn larger than his defeated enemy.
At that location, they were to build their city and honor Huitzilopochtli with human sacrifices.
This type of governing system is only one of the many things that affected aspects of everyday life for the Aztecs.
Everything about Tenochtitlan was wonderful, and the city stands out as one of the greatest empire of all time.
They even managed to divert a large portion of the Cuauhtitlan River to provide irrigation to large areas of fields. In order to plant on them, farmers first created 'seedbeds,' or reed rafts, where they planted seeds and allowed them to germinate.
A man could also sell his own daughter as a sexual slave or future religious sacrifice, generally for around 500 to 700 beans. Novelty of the day means the events, objects, instances, moods and people that one encounters today that one did not encounter the day before.
I make mention in the article that the number 11 is the first to denote repetition in a visual manner. The Aztecs were a magnificent race of people who preserved Tenochtitlan for over two-hundred years.



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