Ya-Ku-Sa est une somme de 8-9-3, soit 20 (Donc le score est de 0) qui est une main perdante.
Aujourd'hui, ils portent souvent des combinaisons trois pièces et essayent de se fondre dans la foule. Au Japon, les organisations criminelles multinationales deviennent de plus en plus importantes et sont la cible d'attaque politique et policière. L'Inagawa-kai compte, selon les statistiques de l'Agence nationale de police, environ 9500 membres. Certains membres Yakuza ont des tatouages sur le corps avec des dragons, des carpes, des déesses, et de puissants personnages mythiques.
Il n'est pas permis de tuer un Katagari (Personne ne faisant pas partie de la pègre). Le Sokaiya, est une manière typiquement japonaise d'extorquer de l'argent aux entreprises. Cette pratique s'est ensuite transmise aux Yakuza, qui devraient l'appliquer en cas de manquement au devoir, ou d'erreur.
Certains gangs, pour annoncer leur présence pendent des enseignes dans la ville et distribuent des cartes de visite. Le Sumiyoshi-kai est la seconde plus grande organisation, avec 10 000 membres dans 177 clans. Il a une forte présence dans les quartiers du Roppongi, de Ginza et des autres quartiers de divertissement de Tokyo.
L'Inagawa-kai est le troisième plus important groupe de Yakuza au Japon, avec environ 7400 membres et 313 clans. Le Kodo -kai a montré qu'il n'avait pas peur d'affronter la police ou les citoyens ordinaires. Illuminating local experiences and fresh insights, drawn from life in Asia — we welcome your input!
Japan is conventionally thought of as being a sedentary society, that views travel and travellers with curiosity, but suspicion. My interest in itinerant groups began with goze, blind female storytellers, with whom I spent several years in fieldwork, and continued with a  study of itinerant storytellers in Japanese history. It was with this knowledge that I decided to contact and study the tekiya, the itinerant vendors that can be seen today hawking their goods at almost all festival events in Japan. Tekiya originated in the Edo period or (more probably) earlier, from the networks of itinerant peddlers called yashi. Viewed by contemporary society from aspects of both romance and terror, yakuza have been either the chivalrous descendants of Japanese-style Robin Hoods or murderous gangsters, supplying the heroes of both the gentle Tora-san and tough yakuza films. I made my first successful tekiya contact after several failures in October 1987 in Tokyo, at Hanazono Shrine’s Otori-no-ichi festival. O-oyabun, a Korean-born, tekiya-yakuza boss, after five years of delicate negotiations had succeeded in ironing out a peace treaty among all the yakuza gangs in the Kanto area in 1983, a feat that earned him the nickname ‘Kissinger of the yakuza.’ Since then, all the Kanto bosses have gathered once a year for a grand feast (approved by the police) to reconfirm the treaty. The ritual is highly theatrical, elaborate and symbolic event, somewhat resembling a Shinto wedding ceremony. A great deal of meticulous preparation goes into sakazuki; it is performed most solemnly, emphasizing religious elements such as purification. Another indispensable part of total appearance is the yakuza gait and stare, by which yakuza declare themselves as different, even before they signify anything more specific.
In structure, ideology, ranking, oyabun-kobun relationship and other aspects, the yakuza society resembles conventional Japanese society.
An anniversary book, commemorating the 50th anniversary of the organization, was published several years ago.
Upon closer observation, the open display of signboards is no doubt the result of acceptance.
The self-presentation of yakuza, both for fellow yakuza and for conventional society, is only one aspect of the complex relationship between the two societies. Yakuza declare themselves Japanese, very Japanese, while at the same time being both excluded from Japanese society, and excluding that society.
During the first days of 1989 I was invited by my host to visit the New Year’s festival at Daishi Temple in Kawasaki. While walking with my host behind the scenes, I was able to observe a specific characteristic of the matsuri: that of reversal.
My tekiya hosts once revealed to me that the goods they sell are often of low quality or even fake. Although some of the tricks and poor quality of goods are known to the festival public, not once did I hear people admit this.
The visitor takes part, as both spectator and actor in the synaesthetic event called matsuri. Being a foreign researcher, my position during my fieldwork ahs been outside the complex relationship that exists between the outlaw and straight socities.
I was told by some that they were grateful to me for coming to them free of the usual prejudices. The dialectic ink of the tekiya-yakuza world with mainstream Japanese culture may be illustrated by comparing it with the American mafia.
The case of the yakuza is entirely different Whatever their deviancy, the cultural context in which they act is wholly and purely Japanese. Is it not as much as social fact, even though few of us pay attention to it, that the corporate economy kills and maims more, is more violent, than any violent committed by the poor (the usual subject of studies of violence)?
The tattoo culture is prevalent in many countries and each of them has its own history and tradition.
The yakuza tattoo is worn by members of the gang as a mark of identity that shows their allegiance to a particular group.
If you like this article, you might be interested in some of our other articles on Gang Tattoos, Outlaw Tattoos, Hispanic Tattoos and Russian Prison Tattoos. A raging emperor and a dragon as backdrop gracing the back of the yakuza make for a majestic portrait. The yakuzas display different types of tattoos, partly and fully covering their body parts. This tattoo has popular images representing the Japanese culture like the koi fish and the cherry blossom flowers. A vibrant, fully bloomed red flower with black and white flaming outlines makes for an attractive and aggressive design.
This tattoo, fully covering the torso, has an angry hangman with a blood soaked sword in his hand.
Cherry blossom flowers, eagle and koi fish adorn the body of the yakuza in this full body tattoo piece. This tattoo bearing an image of a beautiful woman points to the aesthetic eye of the yakuza. Side tattoo covering the armpit that consists of furious looking comic book character and flowers.
This yakuza has cherry blossom flowers and the image of a geisha on his back as tattoo design.
Full body decorated on the lines of yakuza tattoo design makes for a fantastic attraction point. A six member gang of yakuzas wearing back pieces that has a man making different facial expressions on different bodies. Sporting their full body tattoos and being stared at by others, the yakuzas make for a cool picture. Showing a dreadful gangster tearing a tree branch with his teeth, the tattoo stands for the energy level of yakuzas. A Yakuza gang head, looking royal in his attire, finds place as tattoo design the upper back. This full back, black and white tattoo, shows a fight between a dragon and a whiplash carrying woman. The yakuzas display their full body tattoos during the three shrine festival held in May, every year. A lot of very lovely irezumi (I love the one with the dive-bombing airplane, though the entire tattoo feels pretty new school to me), but a lot of the subjects are misidentified, lol. AboutA popular Graphic and Web Design site where you can expect to see a unique take on topics, we try not to tread on familiar topics seen on other design sites. Certains membres des Yakuza portent sur eux des cartes d' affaires avec le nom de leurs organisations.
De plus, la pratique de recrutement va s'intensifier grandement, fournissant aux organisations de plus en plus de main d'?uvre permettant d'étendre leurs pouvoirs.
Des trafics s'organisent alors avec les dizaines de milliers de soldats de la force d'occupation, notamment en drogues.
C'est un rituel aujourd'hui en perte de vitesse, surtout depuis le vote de la loi Antigang en 1992, en grande partie par souci de discrétion. Dans tout le Japon, il y aurait quelques 84 700 membres connus de groupes criminels organisés, (Selon l'Agence de police nationale). Le Kokusui-kai, une filiale du Yamaguchi-gumi et l'Inagawa-kai ont aussi des bureaux là-bas. Les entreprises de commerce du sexe et les casinos illégaux paient souvent les plus grandes sommes. C'est le gang dans lequel Kenichi Shinoda, chef du Yamaguchi-gumi, a fait ses débuts.

Kodama devint le principal porte-parole de cette coalition, et utilisa les Boryokudan pour lutter contre ses opposants. A Kyoto, il est le parrain de centaines de gang de plus de 10 000 membres affiliés au Yamaguchi-gumi. Japanese history, however, abounds with examples of itinerant groups: monks, storytellers, merchants, artisans, and gangsters, to say nothing of foreigners. Originally groups of medicine merchants, they later came to peddle all kinds of good and engage in all kinds of activities, from fortune-telling to crime.
I approached a fellow who looked authoritative and began chatting with him and his group, asking about their work. Once a month, representatives of the various gangs gather to discuss matters of trade and prevent any misunderstandings. I was able to observe and take part in many activities, visits to members’ homes and the group’s headquarters, and a three-week trip with a twelve-member tekiya group in Hokkaido. Although declining in frequency in recent years, it still most fully expresses the ‘spirit’ of the yakuza, the will and determination of the members to strengthen the bonds of the organization, and the complexity of the rank and function of relationship.  It is hardly surprising that police repeatedly attempt to restrict the ritual, or ban it altogether. At one end of the hall venue there is an altar, above which hang three scrolls representing three deities.
Although, strictly speaking, the tattoo is not a costume, it’s use, design and significance place it in this category.
Yakuza wear kimono on special occasions — rituals, important meetings, or for commemoration photos.
Considering the human sources of yakuza — juvenile delinquents, minorities or burakumin — it is only natural that they show off wealth and power.
Indeed, it seems to be a crystallized form of a system practised in a milder way in numerous Japanese organizations and schools of art. The following ranks are often used: president, supreme councillor, chief secretary, chairman of executive committee, chairman of public morals committee, head of the liason section, head of public relations section, chairman of discipline committee, etc. Even when taking into account that some of the titles are euphemistic, or intended to cover up some dubious activities, the system does offer a clue to the structure of presentation of the self in the yakuza world.
The very fact that a quarterly magazine is published by an underworld organization seems unbelievable to most foreign observers. As with other elements of self-presentation, this open way of announcing the group’s name, location, and affiliation is most astonishing to foreign observers.
Conventional society includes the outlaw, albeit in a limited way, in its culture and environment.
Each card announces the umbrella organization, the direct branch, the rank of the member within his ‘house,’ and the address and telephone number of the group’s office. A symposium, “Yakuza and Human Rights,” was held by most host group following an incident in October 1987 which had angered the yakuza world. As mentioned before, three deities are enshrined in tekiya sakazuki ritual: the god Shinno, Amaterasu, the Sun Goddess, and the present emperor.
One feature is the willing suspension of disbelief, as coined by Coleridge to describe the readiness of the theatre spectator to accept the unreal events on the stage, to ignore the very fact that actor X is pretending to be character Y for several hours. And for the opportunity to temporarily live in and touch an alternative world, one changes one’s behavior, world-view, value system and standards of quality. Tekiya, dominant actors in the event, play the role of the vagabond merchant, supplying mystery, information, goods and stories of that “other” world. The outlaw is a popular hero of any culture, but is usually only found in literature or films. This event consists of sounds, smells, colors, voices, and performances of the first level, which contain the whole space of matsuri. I was neither tekiya’s ‘signifiant other’ nor a ‘hostile other.’ I was an ultimate stranger. The traditional cultural context which determines the mafia’s code of behavior is dominantly foreign; that is, Sicilian-Italian. Deviant acts and group codes all lie within, not without the Japanese system, unlike the American mafia. By what reasoning and necessity is the ‘violence’ of the poor in the ghettoes more worthy of our attention than the military bootcamps which numb recruits from the horrors of killing the ‘enemy’ (‘Oriental human being,’ as we learned during the Calley trial)? The images and symbolism associated with images are the points that make a tattoo acquire a national identity. The origin of the tattoos can be traced back to the practice of branding the criminals with tattoo marks as punishment. Along with tutorials and articles, we also do round ups, how-to guides, tips, tricks and cheats on all of the hot topics in the design world.
Every step I take in that city feels like an adventure, where anything can happen at any moment. He terrorized the streets of the West Side as a young Suicidal Boy, and was a part of the early Hardcore movement.
Dans les grandes villes japonaises, ils contrôlent les restaurants, les bars, les salons de Pachinko, les entreprises de camionnage, les agences artistiques, les flottes de taxis, les usines et les autres entreprises. Le terme a pour origine le symbole dessinant un cercle (Maru), ajouté au terme Boryokudan (Journalistes de la police). Souvent, les bains publics sont les seuls endroits où les gens peuvent voir leurs tatouages. Ils organisent des actes terroristes visant des personnages politiques favorables à une ouverture du pays. De nombreux habitants de Kobe ont dit qu'ils avaient apporté une meilleur aide que le gouvernement. Le Yamaguchi-gumi est dirigé par Kenichi Shinoda, connu aussi sous le nom de Shinobu Tsukasa. It was often difficult to distinguish among these groups, since their spheres of activity — preaching, entertaining or exchanging goods — often overlapped. It was clear that the functions and significance of the groups both varied and overlapped, according to the specific contexts in which the groups acted. Since the Meiji period these groups have been known as tekiya, and thus form to this day one of the two main branches of yakuza, the Japanese underworld.
After some warming up, I told him about my research, and asked if he could arrange a meeting for me with his boss, or oyabun. He promised full cooperation, introduction to his kobun (gang members) and invitation to important events. Three yakuza activities in particular, two of them specifically related to tekiya, demand special attention; it is to these activities that I now turn.
As a result, the organization maintains secrecy regarding time and location until the last moment. Originally used to punish or stigmatize criminals, tattoos later became the trademark of laborers or those whose work involved exposing the body (porters, firemen). Thus the kimono serves a dual purpose: as the national costume, it denotes belonging to the Japanese cultural milieu.
With the addition of expensive rings and sunglasses, and a close-cropped haircut, the end result is someone who does not look like a regular Japanese at all. The body posture, the gait and the stare denote three messages: withdrawal, defense, and threat. The paternalistic structure, the surrogate family, the badges bearing the gang logo, the system of ranking, the business cards and numerous other signs of belonging are shared by both straight and yakuza societies. It shows good organization, with ranking most important to its members, as it is in other Japanese organizations. After all, yakuza is an underworld society; it has very good reason to conceal its activities and whereabouts. A local court in Hamamatsu City issued a decision prohibiting more than eight members of a local yakuza gang from assembling in a building they owned, offenders to be fined one million yen per month. As Shennung, one of the three mythical emperors of ancient China, he is said to have revealed knowledge of agriculture, music, medicinal herbs and the market to mankind.
We have nothing to say to them.” Nevertheless, whatever the intention, yakuza are extremely preoccupied with presentation.
It is a network of streets, alleys, ranks, kinship, and relationship as intricate as any ‘regular’ community.
This feature was much more powerful in the past, when mass communication and transportation weren’t so easily available. In the festival the outlaw can be personally, but safely, encountered: he is behind his stall, and the encounter is limited to advertisement and bargaining. Another is the already-mentioned announcement or advertisement performances, aimed at enticing people to buy goods.
This produced, during the first stages of my study, a different process of self-presentation especially devised for me. Having lived in Japan for many years, I could not have escaped the common stereotypes of the yakuza as either bearers of long-vanished values of valor and honor, or bloody gangsters. A few (educated?) members even elaborated on my Jewish origin, as a point of solidarity between two labelled, discriminated minorities.
But because these acts are not labelled ‘deviant,’ because they are covert, institutional, and normal, their ‘deviant’ qualities are overlooked and they do not become part of the province of the sociology of deviance. All of the so-called geisha tattoos are actually angels (tennyo), and I’m almost positive that the upper back tattoo of a warrior on horseback is in fact Tomoe Gozen, a legendary warrior woman of the Heian period who rode to victory in many battles.

Sean has always been passionate about the music and the DIY fashion of the crust and metal world, and that passion led him and his wife Meghan to create the world of CVLT Nation and the CVLT clothing brand. Au Japon, pratiquement toute l' industrie des narcotiques est dirigé par les Yakuza. Le japonais les plus ordinaires évitent de se faire faire des tatouages en raison de leur association avec les Yakuza et les gangsters. Deux premiers ministres et deux ministres des finances, entre autres, seront ainsi assassinés. Le lien entre les voyous et les politiques est assuré par certains parrains, les Kuromaku. He was obviously surprised, as were his fellow tekiya, being both confused and flattered by a foreign professor’s interest in their world. Al these devices were conceived by O-oyabun, and he is modestly proud of his progressive ideas. In between, there is a visit to the local hot spring, where elaborate, full-body tattoos are exposed to both fellow members and the occasional, ‘straight’ customers, to the great anxiety of the latter. Although covered by clothes, yakuza have many opportunities to expose the tattoo: on the beach, at the public bath and hot-spring resort. Moreover, since it is rarely worn by the modern Japanese male, it further denotes the ‘Japaneseness’ of its wearers. On the contrary, he is conspicuously ‘other.’ By going to extremes one places oneself at the margin, observing the mainstream negatively, sarcastically, ironically or critically. The oyabun’s foreword, usually about the philosophy of the organization; essays about honor, perserverance, relationship with katagi, and so on. As from time to time there is a police crackdown, one might think that the organizations would try to make the police’s job as difficult as possible. In contrast, the other deities are purely native in origin and represent the ultimate symbols of Japanese culture.
Closely observed, these aspects of knowledge are related to both sedentary and itinerant societies. Declaring, declaiming, and other forms of performing may denote a quest for communication with conventional society. The complexity is expressed in both spatial and relational aspect: in the simulated village arrangement and in the simulated family relationship.
A boy holding fountain-pens smeared with mud stands crying at a large railway station and tells a sympathetic crowd that his father used to work at a fountain-pen factory which was bombed by the Americans. Within an agreed time and space the two sides agree to pretend and to believe in that pretence. Another is the performance of amezaiku or garasu-zaiku artisans, whose attraction is no less in the making of gluten or glassware, than in the quality of the finished product. Some journalists tend to flatter their informants, to maintain continuous access to the inner yakuza circles.
Ranking, language, terminology, food, family codes, etc., are derived from a context completely foreign to the American mainstream. Despite their best liberal intentions, these sociologists seem to perpetuate the very notions they thing they debunk, and others of which they are unaware. The mysterious tattoos, worn by the gang members, have numerous symbols representing the Japanese culture.
Maybe this is what you’ll see on the surface, but when you venture off into certain neighborhoods you start to realize that this city has a dark side. Ambivalent attitudes on the part of the sedentary society at large, and itinerant group’s ambivalent self-defined identity and function, and consequent ambivalent self-presentation, characterized the relationship between group and society. It certainly seems unusual for an outlaw organization to identify with these symbols, which are, after all, symbols of order and the absolute representatives of conventional and traditional Japanese values. Agriculture is a typical sedentary occupation, while medicine, music, and the market have bivalent attributes, connected with both the sedentary and itinerant. In less than desirable conditions; they gather around dubious fortune-tellers, they buy chicks they know will die in a few hours, or clothes that will not  last through next month (all this consumer-conscious age).
However, it is the vendors who are the real producers of the event, arranging the frame and structure of performance. Customer are certain to gather around an artisan they can watch creating a doll, although another stall not far away may display the same, or even better merchandise, but with no performance.
This approach later changed, as encounters became frequent and defenses on both sides were pulled down. This does not mean that their codes of behavior are entirely non-American; they have certainly adopted many aspects of the American way of life.
The koi fish and cherry blossom flowers have already acquired a distinct popularity in the world. So do not get it twisted and try to punk someone on some gangster shit, because you could be fucking with Yakuza.
Il commande ses propres subordonnés, y compris des conseillers, comptables ou avocats.
Si un Yakuza rend son Oyako Sakazuki à son chef, il rompt ses liens avec sa famille.
Exclusiveness is further emphasized by the context of its use, for the kimono is worn in the most secretive and inner events.
Photographs of recent rituals and parties: initiation, succession and treaties with fellow organizations. O-oyabun asked me if I would participate, giving me a free hand regarding any opinions I might express. But by displaying one exclusive and two inclusive objects of worship, tekiya express their double identity in Japanese society. In premodern Japan, music was more often than not performed by wandering, often blind, musicians (biwa-hoshi, goze), so that the profession carries an image quite different from the often bourgeois one it presents in the West or in modern Japan. Tekiya refer to fellow members as ‘brothers’ (‘elder’ or ‘younger’ depending on the rank relationship, generally based on the order of entering the organization).
This broad definition recognizes all acts of display, ‘traditional’ performance, or advertising as performative.
The direct selling techniques (uchikata in tekiya jargon) have been recognized lately by both conventional performers and scholars as ‘true’ performances. However, the deep structure of their system has been unique for a long time, by definition of the group: immigrants, a more or less ethnically homogenous minority, with a set of traditions from a specific cultural milieu in the Old World. There is one another aspect of the Japanese tattoos that is notorious and people are curious to know about it.
The thing is, you’ll never know who is a part of the Japanese underworld when the person is decked out in the sickest designer gear.
Many times I have heard people expressing their nostalgia for the old-time peddlers exposing their tattoos at festivals. Thus, although as a unit of significance, it is a declaration of affiliation to Japanese culture, in its context it declares the ‘outsiderness’ of its wearer. Other income sources are from ‘classical’ yakuza activities: pachinko, prostitution, protection, extortion, illegal gambling and sometimes drugs. I then received a telephone call from him to say that the oyabun had agreed to meet me once, after which we would see.
In most issues there is a symposium of sorts, mostly about the more legitimate side of tekiya, street vending: “The Future of Peddling,” etc.
The last few years, however, have witnessed several citizen movements to banish yakuza offices, or at least to remove their signboards from residential neighborhoods.
And the market represents, more than anything, the encounter between sedentary and itinerant societies. The yakuza refers to a criminal or the organized crime syndicate operating in Japan for more than hundred years. Just like the country itself, filled with so much juxtaposition, these gangsters are a blend of beauty, honor & gangsterism. It was fully recorded, and later published in the 1988 spring issue of their magazine (my opinions and photos included). Tekiya regard and talk about them in exactly the same way that these citizens regards and talk about visitors to their communities. Sometimes this surprised my partners; a Japanese would never dare to say these things to them. Today I put together a photo essay featuring Yakuza body art so you can see how outstanding their tattoos are. When in Japan, stay on the light side – don’t venture into a world that may eat you alive!
One article on the life of the old yashi groups with vivid illustrations of street peddling. Lately, drug warnings are printed in large characters, which indicates the policy of the organization toward drugs, and reveals at the same time a growing problem.

Vintage lady tattoo designs
Gallery tattoo art
Images for tribal tattoos ideas

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