Illustration depicting a green chalkboard with a political correctness concept written on it.
Illustration depicting a set of cut out printed letters formed to arrange the words word of mouth.
All plans come as a Standard license, and can be upgraded to an Enhanced license at any time. Pushing boundaries: The artworks of Tyza Stewart grapple with gender norms and in doing so brush up against legal and ethical dilemmas. When it comes to artists who push the boundaries, what are the laws and regulations that can restrict the ability of an artist to make, display or perform their works?
I'm very grateful to the lawyers at Legal Aid and rather than this being a reflection on their services, I think it is rather a reflection on our society and the way we fear difference. Editor in chief Stephane Charbonnier (aka Charb), and the cartoonists known as Cabu, Tignous and Wolinski were all killed during yesterday’s terrorist attack. Cartoonists have also been sharing powerful cartoons depicting the Charlie Hebdo shooting, and thousands of people have since gathered in France, holding up pens and “Je Suis Charlie” signs to support free speech and remember the lives of the lost journalists. Bay Area transplant Kiri Picone is a writer and marketer who loves bizarre news and the color purple.
I recently spoke with Bosch, whose drawing of Muhammad and Jesus covers the Spring 2015 issue of The Objective Standard.
Biddle: Let me begin by asking what went through your head when you heard that shots had been fired at the Garland event? Fawstin: I was on somewhat of a high, having just won the $12,500 award and standing on a stage with Pamela Geller, Robert Spencer, and Geert Wilders. Biddle: Some people, such as Bill O’Reilly, say that publishing cartoons of Muhammad is pointlessly provocative, and that you and the organizers of the Garland event were asking for trouble. Biddle: Having been raised in a Muslim family, and having actually read the Koran, you are quite familiar with the religion of Islam. Grand to have such an event for free speech in the face of islam , but why were the folks there all fixed up to be victims ? FROM CNNEUROPE, Feb 3 (VNN) — PARIS, France (Reuters) -- Denmark said on Friday it could not apologize for cartoons in a Danish newspaper depicting the Prophet Mohammad as outrage spread across the Muslim world from the Middle East to countries in Asia.
Everyone who signs up gets full access to our entire library, including our curated collections. Our Standard license allows you to use images for anything, except large print runs over 500,000+ or for merchandising. Once you have downloaded your image, you have life-long rights to use it under the terms of the license purchased. A look at the legal barriers encountered when art offends religious and racial groups, as well as the contentious issue of depicting children. I dare say that the reaction would be different if the 'artiste' had, instead, created an 'artwork' that opposed circumcision, with a depiction of a Rabbi approaching an infant with the ritual blade. We have this image of ourselves as a freedom loving country, but in reality this freedom only extends to certain privileged groups of people.
Having won the recent Muhammad cartoon contest, a pro-free speech initiative sponsored by the American Freedom Defense Initiative, Bosch was in attendance at the award ceremony in Garland, Texas, when two rifle-wielding jihadists arrived to murder everyone there.
Bosch Fawstin and the organizers and attendees of the Garland event are recent additions to this list of infidels who speak their minds in spite of Muslim threats because they know that freedom of speech is the last leg of a free (or semi-free) society. And I want to say kudos to you as well for publishing an issue of The Objective Standard with Muhammad on it, something very few publishers have done in the West. He’s so far removed from the reality that we’re at war, that Islam is the motivation behind that war, and that Muslims are on the warpath, that his only concern seems to be about the feelings of Muslim “folks.” And he reserves all of his criticism for a woman (where are the “sexist” charges against her critics?), Pamela Geller, who showed more courage on that one night in Garland than O’Reilly ever has. Why, in your view, are some Muslims bent on killing non-Muslims—especially those who criticize the religion or draw pictures of Muhammad?
Posts using foul language, as well as abusive, hateful, libelous and genocidal posts, will be deleted if seen.
Good people are good people despite their religion not because of it was what I once said several years ago.
She is just as much a hero as he was as she tries to alert Americans to the rapidly approaching enemy.
I’ve just approved it for release and it should be available for sale on Amazon in a day or two. If at any time you're unsatisfied with your experience with us, you can cancel your subscription. What are the laws and regulations that restrict the ability of an artist to make, display or perform their works? I have just spent the past month in London where I had the privilege of seeing a great many exhibitions and art works that would not be allowed to be shown in Australia due to the current moral and religious hysteria which operates there, and which looks set to get much worse under the current government. It's a bit like the odious Islamophobic 'cartoons' that the 'formerly' fascist Jyllens-Post (the Danish 'Daily Mail')published in Denmark, and which were reprinted over and over by Rightwing Islamophobes, until the evoked a violent response. Fortunately, moments after the jihadists opened fire (hitting only a security guard in the ankle), they were shot dead by a SWAT team.
The event was necessarily provocative to Muslims and Islamophiles who would censor us in the name of sharia—in other words, in the name of protecting them from experiencing their baseless emotions.
However, if a comment remains on the site, it in no way constitutes an endorsement by Pamela Geller of the sentiments contained therein. The Libertarians mix Ayn Rand with Abbie Hoffman and make a weird melange, but the Objectivists are clearer and do not apologize or wallow in evil as the Libertarians (such as Ekaterina Jung) do.


In the meantime, the Kindle edition has already registered some sales and it’s been up only 12 hours. My own work often deals with psycho-sexual themes and in the mid 1980s I staged a major exhibition whose theme was a serious investigation of the Moors Murderers and their victims. If the exercise had been in re-publishing some of the Judaiophobic 'cartoons' from Die Sturmer, the Western Right's blathering about 'freedom of expression' would have been utterly silenced, and outraged cries of 'antisemitism' would have resounded. It took 6 months from the time I made my complaint to when Legal Aid decided to represent me at the Administrative Decisions Tribunal. Your drawing is brilliant and profound, in that it captures so much about the nature of the problem at hand. Tamara Winikoff is the executive director of NAVA, the National Association for the Visual Arts.
It is highly unlikely that any of these works would be allowed on gallery walls within Australia today. Between that time I was given advice from Kingsford Legal Centre that any kind of representation would be unlikely since vilification laws did not extend to religious groups. For that reason, I have made the decision that I am now leaving Australia to base my art practice in London, where people are treated as grown ups who are able to differentiate between reality and fiction, where sexual imagery is not routinely censored within art works, and where a minority of religious bigots cannot dictate to the population what they are allowed to view.
I then proceeded to seek legal advice (and representation) from other legal sources including Gilbert and Tobin, Marrickville Legal Centre, Public Interest Advocacy Centre to name just a few. The great tragedy for Australia is that the Australia Council has over the years consistently reinforced the censorship of art, rather than support the artists whose work may seriously investigate issues of religion and sexuality etc. Although they were all supportive of my claim, none were able to represent me because of the lack of this particular legislation. So the feelings about protection of children wax and wane, and at the moment we are in the wax moment, and I think that that has unduly spilled over into the kind of scrutiny of what artists are doing through that lens. Also in that 6 months, 2GB had produced an on air radio segment with Sergio about me and my complaint that was quite offensive and belittling.
Meanwhile The Anti-Discrimination Board said that whilst Sergio had breached confidentiality laws in making the complaint (as well as my name and personal details) public, there was nothing I could do about it and that I was entitled to publicly respond to the radio segment if I so wished. Opposition to the fact that I had made the complaint and that it was being investigated by the Anti-Discrimination Board - not that I had won, or even succeeded in receiving legal representation! And the intention of the artist and whether the person who is making the work is actually an artist with an artistic intention and with a critical intention rather than being a pornographer, for example.So I think one of the issues is that the police and the public scrutineers are trying to point at art as an area which has to be scrutinised, rather than just getting on with dealing with real pornography. And in a way these artists who are working on the edges of this area are being scapegoated for what is an apparent social problem.
In my first (and only) meeting with them I was in a room with three lawyers who informed me, in the most forthright manner, on the hurdles I would face if I chose to continue.
Who is artist Tyza Stewart, and why has that person been in the news?Tamara Winikoff: Tyza is an artist whose work was going to be shown at the recent art fair, a major art fair in Sydney. Just before the exhibition was due to open, the exhibition organisers became a bit anxious and got the advice of some barristers who said some of this work is not appropriate to show. That's what it's about, it's calling into question these very stereotypical ways in which we think about gender roles. It is also interesting to me because when I was walking around that exhibition I found a small maquette of a naked man in another gallery who was masturbating. So nobody is making an image about her or for her or can be used against her, it's her childhood, her adulthood, her experience.
What does that call to mind for you when juxtaposed against these laws that we are talking about?Tamara Winikoff: Well, there again, it's one of those very, very interesting cases that does open up the argument about why it's problematic, and on the one hand, as you rightly say, there can't be any accusation of child exportation in this case because the person is representing themselves. Three contain images of Tyza's head as a young girl superimposed on the bodies of naked men, with obscured or no genitals. The two others, one of which does have sexual content, contain images of the artist's head as an adult superimposed on adult male bodies. These may raise other unrelated classification issues, so we'll put them to one side.Lawyer Robyn Ayres is the executive director of the Arts Law Centre of Australia, a community legal service that provides advice to artists all around the country. I asked her what are the laws around the use of images of children, and how might they apply to the three paintings that included images of Tyza's head as a young girl?Robyn Ayres: Well, it's a bit of a complex area because it's not just one law for the whole of Australia.
Of course each state and territory has its own laws dealing with child pornography, and whilst there has been some attempt over the last few years to streamline those laws and try and align some of the state laws with Commonwealth legislation, yes, it is a bit of a pastiche. So while there are similarities between the laws, they are not necessarily exactly the same.Damien Carrick: And those laws, they are all about, what, the production, or the distribution?
What do they look at?Robyn Ayres: Yes, so each of them actually has a definition of child pornography, then they look at how the material is both made or produced and then disseminated, and also it deals with possession. And then on top of thata€¦so you've got the child pornography laws, and then in addition you have obscenity laws which are part of the summary offences legislation in each state and territory.
So if it doesn't fall within the child pornography laws, is it going to be something that might fall within the obscenity laws?Then sort of sitting on top of all of that is our national classification scheme which also looks at what should be classified in terms of what we are allowed to access without any sort of censorship or having to be classified under the classification system. What came to mind for you as you were hearing that conversation?Robyn Ayres: When I initially heard about it and then I was actually able to look at a couple of images involving her work, and that's all I've beena€¦I've Googled a couple of images, and it was the child's head superimposed on the more grown-up male body, I thought it would probably fall outside that definition of child pornography, just from looking at the images.
It's very difficulta€¦and even in a sexual contexta€¦I mean, people were talking about Henson's images several years ago, whether they were in a sexual context or not, and people were saying the way the photograph was lit, that then put it into a sexual context, which for me was taking it into a wholea€¦you know, that's not what I would have considered to have been a sexual context.
The five problematic works were recently publicly displayed at a small Sydney art space without any controversy at all.It's not only the nature of an image that can be controversial, there can also be intense disagreement about art which is in the public space, especially if it offends particular groups. And while there are regulations that inhibit, for example, the use of very loud noise and the offence that that may cause to adjacent people, there doesn't seem to be any regulation about offence being caused by visual imagery. Is this art, is this freedom of expression, is this offensive to Muslim Australians, is it both?


But the point is, is it so dangerous to the public wellbeing that it should be disallowed?Damien Carrick: Is it so offensive that it stops people from feeling like they are part of the community and going about their business, enjoying their citizenship as Australians?Tamara Winikoff: Yes, who is harmed by it? Uczestnicy z klasy 1 TB brali udziaA‚ w zajA™ciach komputerowych w ramach technologii informacyjnej. So Marrickville Council said, sorry, there's nothing that we can do about it, it doesn't fall within the graffiti laws because it's on private property.It's interesting, the complaint to the Anti-Discrimination Board got subsequently referred to the Administrative Tribunal in New South Wales, and it ended up being withdrawn.
The complainant was represented by Legal Aid, but for whatever reason, I don't know the reason, but the complaint ended up being withdrawn.
So it obviously wasn't tested in the Administrative Tribunal in New South Wales.So then I looked at the piece of federal legislation, the Racial Discrimination Act, and really I suppose it's this issue of the fact that we have the outlawing of racial vilification, but that doesn't necessarily extend to vilification on religious grounds. So I think that was an issue in relation to this particular artwork because we have seen some fairly high-profile decisions around racial vilification. Kelli McCluskey is a Perth-based artist, she is a co-founder of the PVI Collective which makes participatory artworks in public spaces.
One of the collective's biggest issues is deciding whether members should spend their time and energy obtaining local government permits, or just pay off fines if they get caught without the right paperwork. So they basically have a map on their phone and a series of quite deviant games that they can play in public spaces, and all of the games are based on classic children's games, but they have kind of been subverted slightly.So for example there was a game like spin the bottle where you would rock up to a location and you would scan your QR code to activate the game to play for you, and you would spin this bottle, and wherever the bottle pointed you would head towards that building, and we'd situated it in an area of busy commerce, and you would place your hands on that building and do a public exorcism. So it was kind of quite playful but there were lots of activities happening on the streets, and we basically had permits coming out of our ears.And one of the other games that we were playing was street golf, which was an on-site performer who was charged with the task of finding litter on the streets and, using a golf club, he would direct it towards the nearest bin and try to shoot it into the bin. So we were trying this on the first few runs of the show, and we got stopped by the police and told that the golf club is considered to be a potential weapon.
So we thought, well, okay, we'll just use a domestic umbrella, turn it upside down and use that instead. So you can hit it once and if it goes into the bin that's fine, but knocking it along the floor is considered littering. And the performance was around gender identity, and so what they dida€¦the two performers are Fiona Skelton and Sam Hatfield, they are actually dressed up in costumes over their clothes that are naked costumes. So, fully clothed in these costumes, but Fiona's has a little male appendage and Sam's has pretend pubic hair and breasts, and he actually I think wears a bra over the breasts.
And then what they do is they actually set up a change booth and get members of the public to swap clothing in the change booth.
And then the one in Manly, just the day before the council received a complaint, and Fiona and Sam received an email telling them that they had to wear clothes, like underwear, on their naked suit which was over their clothes anyway. And their whole performance was around issues of gender identity, so it seemed quite absurd.
So they decided to go ahead with the performance without adhering to the request from council.
Back in 2008, around the time of the Beijing Olympics, his contribution to an exhibition organised by Melbourne City Council attracted a storm of controversy. And the theme was, to my recollection, young Vietnamese artist, and myself being half Vietnamese I think it was probably more than enough to fit in with the theme.
And at the time many people would be aware that a lot of Indian students were being bashed and I believe one student was killed at that time period. So we wanted to make an artwork based on that issue, and we were inspired by a cartoon that came out of the Indian press that depicted the Victoria police in Ku Klux Klan outfits. And we had placards on the front of us saying 'Racism, product of Australia', and we just simply walked out the front of the Rod Laver Arena. I do believe on memory that we were detained, I think that was one of the words they used, for the time in the police car. Did that factor into your decision to dress in those costumes?Van Tranh Rudd: Yes, definitely.
You have to be prepared to take things head-on, and we no doubt expected the harsh reactions via email and stuff like that.
So you could call it, like I said before, inspired by a cartoon image, but just simply put into a material form.
So I saw it the same as the cartoon image, just a different form.Damien Carrick: But were people also offended by it? What do you think of that argument?Robyn Ayres: Look, the use of the logo I don't think is really that problematic, even the Ronald McDonald character. The law was changed so that you can no longer defame a corporation, so it would depend a little bit on the timing. So I don't think that there would really have been a problem, and you can use a logo in an artwork as long as you're not using it as a logo. So possibly there's a copyright infringement if you consider the golden arches to be an artistic work. So I'd certainly support artists' rights to their copyright.Thinking about the other issue though with the artist dressing up in the Ku Klux Klan costume and having the sign, I was really scratching my head as to what offence they could be charged with under any legislation.
I'm not sure if Victoria still has offensive conduct laws, but certainly there was nothing obscene or indecent about what they were doing. What are your views on this I guess very big picture?Robyn Ayres: Look, I agree, absolutely, and what I think is really difficult is that artists are being portrayed as lawbreakers, where generally the experience of the Arts Law Centre is that artists actually want to do the right thing and they are operating within the law and they are trying really, really hard to navigate what can often be a really complex area.
I don't think that artists are saying we should have freedom of expression at all costs, it is a balancing act, it's freedom of expression balanced against this idea of obligation not to harm other people.



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