A man who lost most of his jaws after a brutal wolf attack when he was an 11-year-old boy will finally get a face transplant, Guizhou Province, China. A 65-year-old Wu Xiuyou was a little boy when the predator attacked the child ripping off his mouth. Severely disfigured boy can not eat solid food, he didn’t go to school, has never had a job and still is a bachelor. Now, 54 years later, Mr Xiuyou will get a face transplant with missing face muscles and lips. The reconstructive surgery is expected to take 10 hours, and 20 physicians from 10 departments.
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Use the form below to delete this Cross Country Running Logo Nike Run Logojpg image from our index. Use the form below to delete this Musical Emotionality Of The Common Italian Russian And Ukrainian image from our index. Description: The oval planisphere of 1508 by Francesco Rosselli (1445a€“1513) is important for several reasons.
Francesco Rosselli, member of a distinguished Florentine family of artisans (brother of the painter Cosimo Rosselli), was a cartographer, miniaturist, painter, engraver, and map-dealer whose shop in Florence is the earliest map-selling establishment on record. In his fourth voyage of 1502-03, Columbus had explored the coast of Central America, designating many place-names.
This type of oval design was adopted and used by some of the centurya€™s most famous mapmakers Bordone, MA?nster, Gastaldi, and most notably Ortelius. For the sea or maritime chart with its circle of sixteen compass roses radiating rhumb lines across the surface, Rosselli placed the prime meridian in the eastern Atlantic helping to interpret Columbusa€™s cosmographical concepts more clearly. Rossellia€™s maps record information about discoveries in North America by Columbus and Cabot that had not been shown earlier.
The beautifully colored examples of Rosselli maps at Greenwich were long thought to be manuscript maps.
The land on the Greenwich map is painted in lighter colorsa€”light green and light browna€”than on the Zwickau map, where the painter favored darker and more earthy greens and browns.
The painter of the Greenwich map covered the east Asian toponyms relating to Columbusa€™s Fourth Voyage with blue paint and did not rewrite them, while the painter of the Zwickau map did rewrite them. The most striking and interesting difference between the Greenwich and Zwickau maps is the treatment of the twelve wind-heads placed around the oval world. The world map by Francesco Rosselli shows that the outline of much of the world was already known by 1508. The Pacific was known to exist before Vasco Nunez de Balboa saw it, and Portuguese seafarers probably touched on its western fringes in their early voyages to South East Asia, but the ocean was effectively a closed book to Europeans, and Rossellia€™s map was typical of its time in underestimating its extent - optimistically placing South America far too close to the riches of Asia. As with all known world maps of the first decade of the 16th century, Rossellia€™s delineations provide a key graphic link between pre- and post-Columbian cartography. The hand-painted exemplar of Francesco Rossellia€™s oval planisphere, in Zwickau, Germany (Ratsschulbibliothek, no signature).

The second operation to reconstruct Mr Wu’s teeth will be carried only six months later after the initial.
On this chart it is easy to see why Columbus, sailing west of Cuba, believed the continental coastline he encountered was that of China. They are important as representing the geographical concepts of Columbusa€™s fourth voyage in 1502-03.
Because they were printed on vellum and the oval planisphere is richly illuminated, this misconception is understandable. On the unadorned printed copy of Rossellia€™s map the hypothetical southern continent has northern and eastern shores, but the western and southern shores are not indicated. The heads on the printed map are quite uniform, with long flowing hair and similar features. Portuguese and Spanish ships had started pushing out from the Iberian peninsula from the 1450s, but Europe had gained a rough knowledge of the a€?Easta€™ before that from the ancient Greek geographers, earlier travelers such as Marco Polo, and Arab and Asian seafarers. Maps such as the Rosselli were drawn for the rich and famous and were not intended for the purposes of navigation. Little by little the mysteries of the New World were being solved and the Ocean Sea was giving up its secrets. The conical projection world map on which he collaborated with Contarini (#308) is the first such engraving to have appeared.
Further, it is an essential source for Christopher Columbusa€™s Fourth Voyage (1502a€“1504), since Rosselli has located on the eastern coast of Asia the New World discoveries made by the explorer during that voyage, in accordance with Columbusa€™s belief that he had been on the coast of Asia. Columbus designated many place-names in Central America when he sailed from Hispaniola to northern Honduras and along the coasts of Nicaragua and Costa Rica to eastern Panama.
Comparisons with the black and white copperplate engravings on paper at Florence revealed that the Greenwich pair, beneath the color, were identical. Odulfus or Saint Olaf, representing the Church of St Olaf in VardA?, in northeastern Norwaya€”the other cities are given a brown hue similar to the colour used for the land. The painters of both the Greenwich and the Zwickau maps completed the shores of the continent, and on the Greenwich map the continent extends farther to the south. The painter of the Zwickau map, however, has altered some of them and represented the heads of the three western winds (Corus, Favonius and Libicus) as those of black men, with dark skin and short, dark, curly hair. Some of this knowledge was fantasy, but there was less of the a€?here be dragonsa€™ than most people think. Both men are remembered principally for this production, but Rosselli also left to posterity two small world maps.
Comparison with the Greenwich exemplar immediately reveals the greater number of rewritten toponyms in the oceans on the Zwickau exemplar. It introduces a new oval projection that was later adopted by Benedetto Bordone, Battista Agnese, Giacomo Gastaldi, Abraham Ortelius and others.

On the Rosselli maps, these names appear on the east coast of Asia along China and Indo-China, which, after all, is where Columbus thought he was. Illustrated detail from the only other known copy of this engraving to demonstrate that place-names obliterated on the painted example by the ocean tint are clearly legible on the black-and-white engraving. Most of the mountains on the Zwickau map have a touch of lighter paint on their western side, which makes them stand out more than those on the Greenwich map. The printed map has two small islands south of Zinpagu [Japan], one of which is quite faint. The three eastern winds (Vulturnus, Subsolanus and Eurus) seem to be portrayed as black women, with dark skin, earrings and dark hair that is slightly shorter than that of the Caucasian wind-heads, but longer than that of the black male wind-heads. Much of the information on early charts and maps was reasonably factual, even if some of the detail was speculative and the proportions were inaccurate. Their notebooks, known as rutters (from the Portuguese roteiro) contained views of significant ports and coastlines and a record of courses and safe anchorages. Also, it is the earliest non-Macrobian map (see Book II, #201) to depict a hypothetical southern continent, long before the discovery of Antarctica.
Nunn, a€?The Roselli maps, of which four remain, appear to be an important record supplementary to the La Cosa map in regard to the John Cabot voyage of 1497. On the Greenwich map these have both been redrawn, but on the Zwickau map they were left obscured by the blue paint. The fact that these heads represent a modification of the original design is particularly clear in the case of Corus, where the long hair that once flowed behind his head is still visible beneath the clouds that were painted over it. The delineation of the Asian coast using the a€?Tiger Lega€? configuration carries on the tradition also employed by the Behaim Globe, and the Marlellus, King Hamy, WaldseemA?ller, and Contarini maps.
Both artists chose not to rewrite a brief legend in the Indian Ocean referring to the death of St Thomas in Malacca (malach s. The a€?Tiger Lega€? is Catigara which was the name given on earlier Ptolemaic maps to the land on the easternmost shore of the Mare Indicum, south of the equator. A cartographic tradition of personifying some winds, generally those of the south, east and west, as blacks certainly existed (see Book IIIB, #256 Martellus). Both hand-colored maps are surrounded by elaborate cloud decorations of which the unadorned printed map gives no hint.

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