Flush toilet power out,parent and baby centre limerick university,whats the average age to be potty trained quiz - How to DIY

17.10.2014
When visiting Scotland, we took aA tour of Mary King’s Close we learned about life in Edinburgh before the toilet was invented.
Did you know that a leaky or malfunctioning toilet can waste as much as 200 gallons of water per day, that is over 70,000 gallons of water in a year! If you have a leaking toilet or one that doesn’t shut off I encourage you to fix it yourself! Today we will get your feet wet (no pun intended) by replacing the handle also known as the flush lever. Replace the flapper chain on the new lever rod (picture below shows two chains, but you may only have one.) Adjust the chain so there is a slight amount of slack in the chain. Now, I can’t find the 3,000 gallons, but they say that leaks can account for up to 10,000 gallons a year.
Great for potty training, this hand painted potty chair sports the prince theme, as well as a toilet paper holder . Complete video at: Kevin Richardson, senior producer at MTV Network's Nickelodeon Kids and Family Games Group .
The Fish 'n Flush is a clear two-piece toilet tank that replaces a standard toilet tank, with a see-through aquarium wrapping itself around a conventional toilet tank. This article series describes the different types and models of toilets: historical or old toilet types, wooden high wall-tank toilets, conventional reservoir tank toilets, low-flush toilets, water saving toilets, back-flush toilets, up-flush toilets, and even chemical toilets. All modern toilets receive human waste, urine, feces, and are intended to dispose of that matter in a sanitary fashion. Take a look at the simple connection between a typical reservoir-tank toilet and the soil stack (waste piping) in the Carson Dunlop Associates sketch (left). Back flush and up-flush toilets use a higher in-wall connection and are also explained in the article below along with squat toilets. Aback-flush toilet (illustrated and explained in the article below) is designed to flush horizontally out of the lower back of the bowl into a waste pipe that is mounted in the wall behind the unit. The toilet fill valve admits water into the toilet reservoir tank or cistern to refill the cistern following a toilet flush. Two common fill valve designs in current use are the ball-cock toilet fill valve and the concentric float toilet fill valve. The toilet ball cock fill valve shown in our photo of a traditional side-float brass ball cock valve by Urrer, and in our sketch at below left left, the ball cock valve is the control that refills the toilet tank after a flush. Toilet ball cock fill valve control designs include older tank-bottom sill-cock valves and modern anti-siphon valves (shown at left). The diverter tube is clipped to the top of the toilet cistern tank overflow tube to deliver some water to the toilet bowl during tank refill.
The blue arrow indicates where the ball cock valve sends water into the toilet tank or cistern.
Ball cock valve adjustment: Most ball cock toilet fill valves have two screw or thumbscrew adjustments. There are two basic toilet bowl profiles or shapes, round (which are not necessarily exactly round - illustrated at below left where a Church toilet seat is installed), and elongated or more of a flattened oval design (below right).
Concentric float toilet fill valves (photo at left) omit the rod, side-arm, and float ball. In our photo my finger is pressing up on the lever that stops the flow of water into the toilet tank. Electric pump operated toilets make use of a pump to operate the toilet's flushing mechanism - that is, to clean the bowl.
The toilet tank float assembly activates the toilet fill valve as water level in the toilet tank or cistern drops during and at the end of a toilet flush.
Illustrated above at concentric float toilet fill valves, the float for that device is a cylinder that moves down or up on a vertical shaft as tank (cistern) water level in the cistern falls or rises, to open or close the fill valve itself. A ball cock toilet fill valve is opened by movement of a float arm rod attached to a round float ball (illustrated at left) that drops as water level in the cistern falls during a flush, and the ball cock valve is closed as the float rises, lifting the rod to which it is attached as the water level in the toilet tank rises to the fill line. In our photo (above left) a white plastic ball cock fill valve is shown in lieu of the older traditional brass and bronze ball cock valve illustrated earlier on this page. The toilet flush valve sends water out of the toilet tank or cistern (conventional flush valves) or directly from the building water supply without a toilet tank or cistern (flushometer valves) into the toilet bowl below to flush waste into the building drain system.
Flapper type toilet flush valve: is a toilet flush valve that closes the opening at the bottom of the toilet tank using a semi-round flapper (usually rubber) rather than the rounded tank ball shown in the sketch. Like the toilet tank ball type flush valve (illustrated in the sketch below), the flapper valve is pulled up to open the toilet reservoir tank drain opening to send flush water down into the toilet.
Tank ball type flush valve: the control that sends water from the toilet tank (or building water supply) into the toilet bowl to flush away waste. In a traditional side float flush valve assembly (sketch at left) the toilet is flushed by pressing on a handle outside the toilet tank that lifts a trip lever that pulls a chain or rod that lifts a tank ball or a tank flapper that otherwise seals the bottom of the toilet tank.
Tankless flush-o-meter valve toilets, in widespread use in North America since the 1920's, and unlike tank reservoir toilets, do not include a reservoir tank of water. The flushometer valve is particularly suitable to public restrooms since there is no delay between toilet uses waiting for a reservoir tank to refill. See FLUSHOMETER VALVES for TOILETS URINALS for details about these valves and how they are adjusted or repaired.
Also see Toilet Types, Flush Methods for a discussion of variations in toilet flush mechanisms & methods. Overflow tube, toilet: the overflow tube (item #8 in our sketch at left), is found on virtually all modern toilet flush control valve assemblies.
During toilet tank re-fill, if the tank over-fills, the overflow tube (blue #7 in sketch at left) will excess water from the toilet reservoir tank down the overflow tube (#8) into the toilet bowl.
Some toilet models use a separate cistern overflow drain that conducts water to a sewer line directly rather than routing it through the toilet bowl. A second feature of most toilet fill valve assemblies and overflow tubes is that some water will be diverted from the fill valve into the overflow tube during the toilet tank fill-cycle - see the small curved blue tube marked #7 in our sketch above). Pressure-assist flush toilet: the toilet is flushed by water that is given a velocity boost by a pressure system using a pump,compressed, air, or other means. Sewage Ejector Pumps combine an in-floor reservoir to receive waste from toilets (and often gray water as well), and a sewage grinder pump to lift wastewater to a building drain line that is higher than the plumbing fixtures served by the pump. Siphon flush valve controls on toilets eliminate the problem of running toilets caused by leakage at the tank ball or flapper valve. As you can see from our photo of an early toilet advertisement by Thomas Crapper & Cos. Modern flush toilets that use a water storage have a tank bolted to the toilet bowl or incorporate a tank and bowl in a one-piece-toilet design. The toilet flange a brass, plastic, or steel flange forming flat ring around and usually attached to the waste pipe in the floor or wall. The toilet flange includes openings to permit the flange to be secured to the floor or wall as well as slots to accept the heads of toilet-mounting bolts that secure the toilet to the flange.
A toilet flange is shown in our photo at left (white plastic, below the yellow wax ring) and another toilet flange indicated by the red arrow in this photo. Toilet mounting bolts secure the toilet to the toilet flange and in four-bolt toilets two more lag-bolts may secure the toilet to the floor itself. Toilet rough-in dimensions locate the toilet waste pipe and flange assembly in the building rough and finished floor so that the toilet will be spaced a proper distance from the wall. The toilet rough-in dimension illustration (left) shows the standard 12" distance to the waste line center from the finished wall and are illustrated by this adaptation from a Titan toilet package observed in Menards in Duluth MN. Side-handle flush toilet: the most common toilet flush control uses a lever mounted on the toilet tank side or front near one corner to operate the flush valve.
Top-flush toilet or top-controls toilet: the flush operating control consists of one or more buttons or rods that project through the top of the toilet tank. Toilet supply shut-off valve: (blue arrow in our photo at left) a water shut-off valve installed below or close to water-operated toilets. An up-flush toilet is located below the building's sewer line and uses water pressure to move waste vertically to a drain line that is higher than the toilet itself.
Water level in the toilet tank: most toilet tanks include a mark on the tank interior indicating the proper fill level for water in the reservoir tank.
Water fill or supply valves for toilets toilets: see Ball Cock Valve or toilet fill valve above. Also see Toilet Types, Design Choices where we describe the different toilet flush designs: gravity, power-assisted, and vacuum assisted flushing toilets. The to8let wax ring is a large wax seal placed between the bottom of the toilet and the upper surface of the flange or top edge of the waste drain pipe to which the toilet is connected.


Chamber pots (dating from Roman times and Garderobes (5th to 15th century toilets that simply dumped waste to the outdoors) and privies and outhouses, toilet designs that date to the 1500s or earlier are omitted from this review of modern toilets.
Tank reservoir toilets like the toilet in the sketch at left and in our photo just below, have been in wide use in North America since the 1940's. Bidet toilets deliver a warm water washing oscillating stream from beneath the seat (shown) that is adjustable in temperature and water spray volume. Contemporary gravity-flush toilets use a tank attached to the toilet bowl itself, relying on improved flush valve controls to provide the water flow rate into the bowl to empty it and clean the bowl sides.
At ALTERNATIVE & WATERLESS TOILETS we discuss low-water, no-water, chemical, composting, and incinerating toilets, listing models, sources, and characteristics of each model.
A back-flush toilet that does use a reservoir tank is also produced for special situations such as a location that prohibits installing a drain line in the floor below the toilet. Our second back-flush toilet photo (below right) shows a reservoir-tank back-flush toilet located in a basement in the Hudson Valley of New York.
At above left is a photo of a modern tankless, back-flush, flush valve operated toilet installed in Molde, Norway.
The flush control for this tankless back-flush toilet is that round button just above the toilet tissue holder.
At above right is a rear-flush toilet manufactured by Crane and installed in the Mansfield Hotel in New York City. A variation on the flush valve toilet is the up-flush toilet used in bathrooms whose toilet was located below the building's sewer line exit to the sewer or septic system. An up-flush toilet relies on building water pressure to force the waste from the toilet up to a higher sewer line. Because an up-flush toilet that relies on building water pressure to work forms a cross connection, these toilets are not permitted by plumbing codes in most jurisdictions. In our photo of an up-flush toilet you can see the flush control lever mounted on the wall at the upper right. Like the modern flush-valve toilet shown above, the up-flush toilet is also a back flush or rear-flush model. The flush valve toilet shown above does not form a cross-connection, drains into a gravity-sewer line rather than an elevated sewer line, and it is permitted by current plumbing codes.
Bathroom fixtures including toilets located in buildings whose sewer line exits high on the basement wall need a means to raise the graywater (sinks, tubs, showers, laundry) as well as blackwater or sewage from a toilet up to a height sufficient to drain into the sewer line and leave the building. The sewage ejector pump combines a small reservoir tank, a sewage grinder pump, and piping to grind and then pump sewage and wastewater from (usually) below floor level (such as in a basement) up to an elevated sewer line that then leaves the building. In a plumbing system using a sewage ejector pump, typically all of the plumbing fixtures (sink, tub, shower, laundry sink, clothes washer) drain under the building floor by gravity into the sewage ejector pump reservoir.
When the wastewater level in the ejector pump reservoir reaches a sufficient level, a float turns on the pump, forcing the wastewater past a check valve, upwards to the building sewer piping. Depending on the arrangement of building piping, we sometimes find sewage ejector pumps that are located with the top of the unit a bit above floor level - possibly reducing the available storage volume between pump operation cycles. Watch out: in the event of an electrical power failure, sewage grinders or sewage ejector pumps won't be working unless you have a backup electrical power source. Graywater ejector pumps: Also, don't confuse a sewage ejector pump with a graywater pump or lift pump that is sometimes found installed to move graywater from a basement laundry up to the building sewer drain.
In separate article now at LOW COST TOILETS we illustrate and explain the operation and connections for a 1981 McSkimming plastic toilet that remains perfectly functional in a home in Christchurch, New Zealand. This toilet uses a ceramic bowl (the toilet lower portion or body) operated by a colour-matched cistern made of plastic. Our toilet photographs below illustrate a tankless, electric-flush toilet produced by Kohler. Pressure-assisted flush toilets may use water pressure from the water mains to improve the flush cleansing of the bowl, or they may use a pump or an air bladder system that is in turn operated by water pressure. Newer versions of the electric flush toilet made by Kohler include a reservoir tank and an electric pump that moves water from the reservoir through the bowl and toilet trap.
The Kohler hatbox toilet installation we examined had been in place for some time; this product is still available at a typical retail price of $2,725.
Our photo at above left of the black toilet shows a low-profile toilet design that has been popular in some communities since the 1970's. Watch out: we have found that some installations of low-profile toilets are also low-energy flushing fixtures that do not perform satisfactorily.
Check that the toilet tank is filling to the proper level (the water line marked in the tank interior). Or as our mom did in Boca Raton, replace the toilet if you cannot make it function properly. For a low-profile toilet design that does not suffer from a weak flush, see the Electric Flush Toilets discussed below.
Details about water conserving or water saving toilets begin at TOP FLUSH TOILETS and at DUAL FLUSH TOILETS. Separately at LOW WATER USAGE TOILETS we discuss toilet that use a reduced water quantity, and at FLUSHMATE TOILETS we discuss power-assisted flush toilets that also conserve water.
Water saving models (typically a pair of buttons giving different flush volumes) illustrated below.
Water saving toilets use several strategies to reduce the volume of water used in flushing away waste: varying flush volume, pressure or power assisgted flush using a small flush water volume, and reduced flush water volume using a reservoir barrier in th cistern or toilet tank. At LOW WATER USAGE TOILETS we give the various water volumes used by each toilet type and design. The FLUSHMATEA® system traps air and as it fills with water, it uses the water supply line pressure to compress the trapped air inside. The compressed air is what forces the water into the bowl, so instead of the a€?pullinga€? or siphon action of a gravity unit, the pressure-assist unit a€?pushesa€? waste out.
At above left is a modern squat toilet in Japan; below is a more typical waterless squat toilet in use in Mexico and widely used in India and other countries throughout Asia. When western style flush toilest are installed in areas where people are mostly familiar with squat toilets we find instructive signs such as the one shown below.
The toilet instruction sign at above left asks users to sit rather than stan when urinating into the toilet. In a 1950's visit to Rome the author, answering nature's urgent call atop the Victor Emmanuel monument, was startled to find a cleaning person's mop suddenly appearing around his feet during use of that toilet. A flushing mechanism for a squat may be absent, may use a nearby bucket and brush, or in modern squat toilets, a wall mounted cistern and flush valve as shown in our photo (Wikipedia [5]). With more than 1000 brands of toilets manufactured and distributed around the world, this list would be endless.
Now at TOILET MANUFACTURERS & SOURCES we list common or popular toilet manufacturers or brands, models, and we give contact information for the various toilet manufacturers. Continue reading at TOILET REPAIR GUIDE or select a topic from the More Reading links or topic ARTICLE INDEX shown below.
Try the search box below or CONTACT US by email if you cannot find the answer you need at InspectApedia.
The Alliance for Water Efficiency is a stakeholder-based 501(c)(3) non-profit organization dedicated to the efficient and sustainable use of water.A  Located in Chicago, the Alliance serves as a North American advocate for water efficient products and programs, and provides information and assistance on water conservation efforts. Glacier Bay brand toilets, [Home Depot brand] porcelain, made in china, top flush control low-water ADA-height unit shown in this article. Quoting from Amazon's description: For the homebuilder, one mistake in estimating or installing wells and septic systems can cost thousands of dollars. Quoting an Amazon reviewer's comment, with which we agree--DF:This book is informative as far as it goes and might be most useful for someone with an older system. If you hear water running in your toilet tank for extended periods after a flush, then your toilet is leaking. If your toilet was manufactured before 1994, it is probably costing you a fortune in water. There are many new environmentally-friendly toilet designs that go even further to save water. Then I will show you how to replace the fill valve and finally how to replace the overflow tube and flapper assembly. Remove any excess chain that could get caught in the flapper (but leave an inch or two on the chain for adjustments). Replace the tank lid and test it again making sure that the flush lever rod doesn’t hit the top of the tank lid before lifting the flapper. Stay tuned as I show you how to replace the fill valve and finally how to replace the overflow tube and flapper assembly!


I thought it was funny and after all the bad news I posted, I thought this would bring a smile as it did to me.
Here we explain how to diagnose and repair problems with toilets, leaks, flushes, odors, noises, running and wasted water. In comparison, a standard bottom-flush toilet is connected to a waste pipe in the floor below the unit.
Most fill valve designs also send some water through the overflow tube and into the toilet bowl during cistern re-fill.
A bottom-admitting ball-cock or other toilet fill valve is considered unsanitary by modern plumbing codes because in the event that the building loses water pressure, potentially unsanitary water can flow backwards from the toilet reservoir tank into the building water supply piping. Watch out when buying a replacement toilet seat, to be sure you select the proper seat profile (round or elongated) to fit your toilet, or you'll be making an extra trip back to the store. You can see that an adjustable rod on the float (below the valve) will push up this stop lever on its own as the water level in the tank rises. Traditionally an electric pump toilet has no reservoir tank - the flush water is delivered to the unit with sufficient force and volume by the electric pump.
The two most common toilet flush valves used on toilets that make use of a tank or cistern are the flapper type toilet flush valve (illustrated just below) and the tank ball type toilet flush valve (illustrated further below). This tube prevents a malfunctioning toilet tank refill assembly from flooding the building. This is a critical function since otherwise if the toilet fill-valve malfunctions water entering the toilet tank will fill the tank to overflowing and leak into the building. Typically pressure-assist toilet designs are found on water-saving low-flush-volume toilets. Ejector pumps are often found in basement bathrooms in buildings whose sewer line exit above the height of the basement floor. On antique flush toilets (see the article below) the cistern was mounted several feet above the toilet and secured to the building wall. A disabled person or anyone sitting down onto an insecure toilet can tip the unit over leading to serious injury. Add-on toilet rim height lifters are available that convert a standard toilet to ADA standards height. There may be some up-flush toilets with a built in electric pump but we have not found such; instead see Sewage Ejector Pumps above. Synonyms: low water toilet, low water consumption toilet, low-flush toilet, high-efficiency toilet. At below left we illustrate a back-flush toilet installed in a Two Harbors Minnesota home built in the 1960's.
This toilet is also a back-flush model, sending waste out of the bowl towards the rear of the toilet and into a waste line in the building wall rather than in the floor.
Other water operated tankless toilets that are not back-flush models are discussed at Flushometer Toilets & Urinals. Some modern brands of rear-flush toilets include American Standard, Burdett, Crane, Gerber, Kohler, Sani-Flow, Toto. The toilet connected to this pump is not shown, but was located mounted on the floor nearby. So don't count on continued use of plumbing fixtures connected to one of these devices when there is no electricity. As you can see (below-left) the toilet may be a little unfamiliar to new visitors at the New Hampshire inn where this unit was installed.
Searching for a flush lever or button finally leads to a round silver button located on the right side (if the user is seated) of the unit (photo, below right).
This design offers a toilet that provides a low profile but nonetheless a very powerful flush in a compact design. Indeed in Korea in the 1960's we discussed slip and fall hazards encountered by people who by habit or out of concern for sanitation squatted on the raised seat of western style toilets.
In most basic form (found by the author at the top of the Victor Emmanuel monument public restroom in Rome) the squat toilet includes a pan with islands for the user's feet that allow the user to straddle a hole in the pan center. Depending on the era and locale of use, a squat toilet may empty into a modern plumbing and sewer system, or simply into a cesspool or in the 5th century and later, into a pipe that simply discharged waste to outside the building. It is dumping water down the overflow tube and may be wasting up to 200 gallons of water daily.
People literally dumped their pails of waste into the streets of Edinburgh and the sludge ran down the streets and into the loch (lake). It will save you time and money, because if one part of your tank is going bad, the others are likely to follow close behind. Synonyms for toilet fill valves include: ball cock valve, concentric float valve, toilet water supply valve, toilet tank fill valve.
But some modern water saving toilets may employ an electric pump that adds water or air under pressure to improve the bowl cleaning action in the toilet while still using only a small volume of water. Also see the toilet odor or toilet leak troubleshooting tips at Leaky Toilet Seals - Odors. The plumber mounted a back-flush toilet on a short concrete pedestal, raising it just enough to flush into the nearby sewer line found in the wall behind the toilet.
A drain from the basement toilet was routed below the floor slab over to the black plastic holding tank shown in our photo. S001-1991, International Institute of Carpet and Upholstery Certification, Vancouver, WA, 1991. The effect of waste water reuse in irrigation on the contamination level of food crops by Giardia cysts and Ascaris eggs.
Survival and growth of Vibrio cholerae O1, Salmonella typhi, and Escherichia coli O157:H7 in alfalfa sprouts.
Hazards of healthy living: Bottled water and salad vegetables as risk factors for Campylobacter infection. Evidence of association of salmonellae with tomato plants grown hydroponically in inoculated nutrient solution.
If a toilet requires plunging on a regular basis, there is probably an obstruction in the trap or further down the drainpipe. You are welcome to purchase a toilet from the store of your choice then seek our plumber services to have it installed. They were only allowed to dump the pails early or late in the day after the street vendors were gone and the streets were less crowded. This is a result of the break down of the rubber gasket or hard water deposits, so you may want to don some rubber gloves.
Also see Up-Flush toilets, Rear-flush toilets, Toilets using a Sewage Ejector Pump, and Electric or pump operated toilets in these definitions. As illustrated at below left, this toilet uses an in-wall tank or cistern to produce flush water.
The white valve in the photo center, above the sewage pump's tank top, is a check valve to prevent wastewater from flowing backwards into the pump from above. Dodge Woodson packs this reader-friendly guide with guidance and information, including details on new techniques and materials that can economize and expedite jobs and advice on how to avoid mistakes in both estimating and construction. A&S Plumbing are experts in toilet repair or replacement and can install an efficient new toilet that will conserve water and save you money month after month.
Contact information for Toto at TOILET MANUFACTURERS & SOURCES and also at CONTEMPORARY TOILET DESIGNS.
Outstanding technical reference especially on alternative septic system design alternatives.
Thomann (eds.), Proceedings of strategies for improved chemical and biological waste management for hospitals and clinical laboratories. Written for designers and engineers, this book is not at all easy going for homeowners but is a text I recommend for professionals--DF. Chances are you’ll save enough money on your next few water bills to cover the cost of the plumber services.How old and inefficient is your toilet?



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