Teaching a young child to sew,kid museum virginia,good potty training movies - Downloads 2016

08.09.2015
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Preschool lessons: New research shows that teaching kids more and more, at ever-younger ages, may backfire. There are skeptics, of course, including some parents, many preschool teachers, and even a few policy-makers. Developmental scientists like me explore the basic science of learning by designing controlled experiments. In the first study, MIT professor Laura Schulz, her graduate student Elizabeth Bonawitz, and their colleagues looked at how 4-year-olds learned about a new toy with four tubes. Does direct teaching also make children less likely to draw new conclusions—or, put another way, does it make them less creative? Daphna ran through the same nine sequences with all the children, but with one group, she acted as if she were clueless about the toy. As so often happens in science, two studies from different labs, using different techniques, have simultaneously produced strikingly similar results. These experts in machine learning argue that learning from teachers first requires you to learn about teachers. Knowing what to expect from a teacher is a really good thing, of course: It lets you get the right answers more quickly than you would otherwise. Correction, March 17, 2011: This sentence originally omitted the names of two of the study's researchers. Well if not, then you probably know at least one or two parents or parent couples that may go to the extreme and then some in pushing their kids to be better than the best. Anxious parents instruct their children more and more, at younger and younger ages, until they're reading books to babies in the womb. Shouldn't very young children be allowed to explore, inquire, play, and discover, they ask? Not as much as we would like, unfortunately, because it is a very difficult thing to study.
We might start by saying: Suppose we gave a group of 4-year-olds exactly the same problems and only varied on whether we taught them directly or encouraged them to figure it out for themselves?


Each tube could do something interesting: If you pulled on one tube it squeaked, if you looked inside another tube you found a hidden mirror, and so on.
They provide scientific support for the intuitions many teachers have had all along: Direct instruction really can limit young children's learning. Adults often assume that most learning is the result of teaching and that exploratory, spontaneous learning is unusual. For example, if you know how teachers work, you tend to assume that they are trying to be informative.
Indeed, these studies show that 4-year-olds understand how teaching works and can learn from teachers.
Perhaps direct instruction can help children learn specific facts and skills, but what about curiosity and creativity—abilities that are even more important for learning in the long run?
For one group of children, the experimenter said: "I just found this toy!" As she brought out the toy, she pulled the first tube, as if by accident, and it squeaked. The children from the first group played with the toy longer and discovered more of its "hidden" features than those in the second group. For example, Daphna might start by squishing the toy, then pressing a pad on its top, then pulling a ring on its side, at which point the toy would play music. Teaching is a very effective way to get children to learn something specific—this tube squeaks, say, or a squish then a press then a pull causes the music to play. When the teacher in the tube-toy experiment doesn't go looking for hidden features inside the tubes, the learner unconsciously thinks: "She's a teacher.
But there is an intrinsic trade-off between that kind of learning and the more wide-ranging learning that is so natural for young children. The Bravo TV reality series follows the ramped up practices of nine couples that may terrify you or who knows could give you some ideas to try out on your kids.
So does the law—the 2001 No Child Left Behind Act explicitly urged more direct instruction in federally funded preschools. But the children and the teachers at a Marin County preschool that encourages exploration will be very different from the children and teachers in a direct instruction program in South Side Chicago. In other words, direct instruction made the children less curious and less likely to discover new information.


But it also makes children less likely to discover unexpected information and to draw unexpected conclusions. It's this kind of learning, in fact, that allows kids to learn from teachers in the first place. If there were something interesting in there, she would have showed it to me." These assumptions lead children to narrow in, and to consider just the specific information a teacher provides. Knowing this, it's more important than ever to give children's remarkable, spontaneous learning abilities free rein. While learning from a teacher may help children get to a specific answer more quickly, it also makes them less likely to discover new information about a problem and to create a new and unexpected solution. And almost any new program with enthusiastic teachers will have good effects, at least to begin with, regardless of content.
Not every sequence she demonstrated worked, however: Only the ones that ended with the same two actions made the music play. Without a teacher present, children look for a much wider range of information and consider a greater range of options.
That means a rich, stable, and safe world, with affectionate and supportive grown-ups, and lots of opportunities for exploration and play. But when Daphna acted like a teacher, the children imitated her exactly, rather than discovering the more intelligent and more novel two-action solution. In fact this same loving full throttle couple requires their son to write his name at the age of four and know all the presidents. Almost by definition, directed teaching will make children do better on standardized tests, which the government uses to evaluate school performance.
Not so bad some might say so where is the harm?Yet, for many of the activities and tests that are required of the kids of these families, some might think that their childhood is fading, as the parents prepare them for pro-sports or some other high achievement career. We are crowd funding it since no studio would dare defy the PC Police and release a real Christmas movie.




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