Teaching your child phonics videos,do pull ups training pants work,little boy on toilet - For Begninners

18.05.2015
Sort your phonemes from your graphemes, decoding from encoding and digraphs from trigraphs with our parents' guide to phonics teaching.
Phonics is a method of teaching children to read by linking sounds (phonemes) and the symbols that represent them (graphemes, or letter groups). Print out a list of phonemes to practise with your child or listen to the individual sounds being spoken with our phonics worksheets. The aim is for children to be able to see a letter and then say the sound it represents out loud.
Children then need to go from saying the individual sounds of each letter, to being able to blend the sounds and say the whole word. While children are learning to say the sounds of letters out loud, they will also begin to learn to write these letters (encoding). Children will focus on decoding (reading) three-letter words arranged consonant, vowel, consonant (CVC words) for some time. Children will also learn about consonant clusters: two consonants located together in a word, such tr, cr, st, lk, pl. Children will also learn the consonant digraphs (two consonants that together make one sound) ch and sh and start blending these with other sounds to make words, such as: chat, shop, chain and shout.
Alongside this process of learning to decode (read) words, children will need to continue to practise forming letters which then needs to move onto encoding.


It goes without saying that reading a range of age-appropriate texts as often as possible will really support children in their grasp of all the reading and spelling of all the phonemes. By the end of Reception, children should be able to write one grapheme for each of the 44 phonemes. In Year 1, they will start to explore vowel digraphs and trigraphs (a group of three letters that makes a single sound, like 'igh' as in 'sigh') further. Children in Year 2 will be learning spelling rules, such as adding suffixes to words (such as -ed, -ing, -er, -est, -ful, -ly, -y, -s, -es, -ment and -ness).
For more information about the phonics system look through our phonics articles, including ways to boost phonics confidence, details of the Year 1 Phonics Screening Check, parents' phonics questions answered and more. Our subscribable ePackages include free podcasts, webinars, printable Brain Games and video demos to help you, step-by-step, teach your child to read. Our step-by-step explanation takes you through the different stages of phonics learning, what your child will be expected to learn and the vocabulary you need to know. This involves thinking about what sound a word starts with, saying the sound out loud and then recognising how that sound is represented by a letter. They will be taught where they need to start with each letter and how the letters need to be formed in relation to each other.
They will learn other letter sounds, such as the consonants g, b, d, h and the remaining vowels e, o, u.


Children will learn to read a range of CCVC words (consonant, consonant, vowel, consonant) such as trap, stop, plan. They will begin to understand, for example, that the letters ea can make different sounds in different words (dream and bread).
Often, they will be given letter cards to put together to make CVC words which they will be asked to say out loud. They will also read a range of CVCC words (consonant, vowel, consonant, consonant) such as milk, fast, cart.
They should start to be able to produce their own short pieces of writing, spelling the simple words correctly. They will also learn that one sound might be represented by different groups of letters: for example, light and pie (igh and ie make the same sound).



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