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More than 5000 years ago a new form of pain endurance for record, spiritual, and cultural artwork purposes had evolved."Tatau", which means to strike and mark something, also recognized in our modern days as tattooing. I never used to have a fear of heights, either, like a lot of you, but I do now on some things.
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No story of world tattooing would be complete without a large chapter devoted to Polynesia.
In Polynesia and areas of Micronesia that share much in the way of Polynesian culture and social organization a€“ places such as the Gilbert and Ellice Islands (Kiribati), the Caroline Islands and the Marshall Islands a€“ tattooing has a quasi-religious origin. Like elsewhere in Oceania, Polynesian tattoos were usually monochrome and made use of zones and bands rendered in other art forms such as bark-cloth and pottery.
Complex and varied combinations of recognized designs and motifs could be used to signify a individual's identity with exactness, reflecting the complex system of kinship, chiefly rank, and mixed marriages among, for example, Fijians, Tongans and Samoans.
In Fiji, where the most esteemed tattoo artists were women, older women had tattoos around the corners of the mouth that not only spoke of how many children she had but also disguised the wrinkles that form in that area of the face as a result of ageing. Traditionally Polynesian girls and boys received their first tattoos at the onset of puberty that were then added to over time so that sometimes it took decades to decorate the whole body. The recent revival of tattooing in Polynesia is part of a wider resurgence of Polynesian culture, including tapa making, weaving, carving and dance that began in the early 1980s. Sometimes such blending of old and new can lead to misinterpretations: in the 1920s and 1930s the anthropologist Willowdean C. The two types of tattooing tool (ausogi'aso) are different in shape and size to create different sorts of effects. Samoa is somewhat unusual in that it has a continuous history of tattooing from the earliest times to the present day. Whichever way the art of tattooing was learnt, it produced spectacular and distinctive designs. Boys are tattooed with the first part of their pe'a in adolescence and although in theory it is possible to undergo the five sessions necessary, working from top to bottom to top again, in as little as ten days, it more commonly takes several weeks due to the pain and healing time. Samoan women were (and are) also tattooed on their limbs and behind their knee, but with the designs are lighter, smaller and the process less ritualized.
The second it touched my elbow it was excruciating pain and swell very large due to how skinny my arm is.
Just add the video URL to your textarea in the place where you would like the video to appear, i.e. It was in Tahiti, an island in French Polynesia, where Captain Cook is famously said to have reported the sight of native peoples with 'tatau'. On the Marquesas Islands a€“ where arguably tattooing reached the greatest heights of artistry in its studied accentuation of the body's contours a€“ upper class men and women had the backs of their hands tattooed to indicate their social status. Fijian women also wore sexually significant tattoos on the groin and buttocks, which were often considered her 'best ornament'. The practice has never been entirely banned or marginalised (or subsequently revived) in the way it has been in New Zealand, Tahiti, Hawaii or other places in the world that were colonised by Europeans. Early accounts speak of explorers and mariners observing the peoples of Samoa from a distance and initially thinking they were clothed, so dense and expansive were some of the tattoos, especially the 'breeches' worn by men on their thighs. A man might also have to wait until he had sufficient means to pay the tufuga (who was assisted by up to six apprentices), often in hundreds of finely woven mats. The designs often take the form or repeated stars, zigzags chevrons and dots, representing creatures such as seagulls, jellyfish or caterpillars.
The reason for it not puncturing into the top layer of skin called the epidermis is because the top layer of the skin tends to shed its cells more frequently than the second layer.Thus when getting a tattoo, it is permanent because your second layer of skin is more stable. The correct answer is on the back of your arm, because it's closer to your major organs and arteries. Maybe you should revise the info you are stating, you clearly are not in the tattoo industry.
Such was the impact of this never-before-seen body art upon his crews that tattooing caught on among British sailors. Therefore it acquired special status as a treasured family and cultural inheritance, to be applied not spontaneously but in a careful and ceremonial context by revered masters in the art.
In Tahiti, both men and omen were tattooed, the women with characteristic designs on the feet and ankles resembling 'socks'.
More tattoos did not always mean more importance however: in Tonga, where most men were tattooed, the sacred paramount chief, the Tu'i Tonga, was distinguishable by his lack of tattoos.
In contrast, women on Hawaii were not tattooed much but did receive tattoos on the tongue (a painful process) as a sign of mourning.

Whilst high esteem was generally accorded to those whose extensive tattoos demonstrated powers of endurance, the degree to which pain could be alleviated varied between cultures.
Over time, prints and copies of individual pages of these books became available in Tahiti and the Society Islands.
The tool on the right comprises a small bone comb bound with copper wire to a sliver of hard wood.
These tattoos, known locally as pe'a, stretch from the waist to the knee and consist of symmetrical designs of bands, lozenges, dots and triangles, as well as areas of dense black.
Yet even if it took until middle age, completing one's pe'a was important since having only a half-finished one was considered shameful.
The pain involved in getting a tattoo is personally based on your physical and mental tolerance, so if your skin is more sensitive then most likely it will hurt more because your nerves in your body pick it up faster than someone who doesn't have much sensitivity. The tool at the top from Fiji has a head made of an iridescent material a€“ possibly mother-of-pearl a€“ shaped into a series of needle points and set at right angles into a wooden handle. By the 1830s, just fifty years later, most British ports had at least one professional tattoo artist in residence. In addition it was believed that a person's mana, their life force was expressed through their tattoos.
For men, weapon motifs were popular, often having a protective as well as decorative function, analogous to the magical tattoos (kakau) of spearheads worn by Hawaiian warriors.
Tattooing and bereavement also merged on Rorotonga, the most populous of the Cook Islands, but here mourning patterns were tattooed on the neck and chest.
On the Marquesas Islands, the artist might have chanted songs or soothed the wounds between sittings with a hibiscus and banana ointment. Since then, electric machines, sometimes formed out of parts of electric razors, have been used instead.
One enthusiastic young tattooist saw a series of drawn tattoo designs that the author had listed in the order a, aa, b, bb, c, cc and so on.
However, another story claims that 'tattoos' were originally painted on the skin but a Samoan adventurer traveled to the kingdom of the spirits who found his painted body decorations a pale imitation of their own tattoos so he learnt their art and returned to Samoa with the knowledge of this new, superior technique. Although the details of the design are individual to the wearer, the entire pe'a symbolises a bat whose wings are wrapped around his legs. A completed pe'a used to be a prerequisite to receiving the prestigious matai title and although this is no longer the case, men still choose voluntarily to get the pe'a done in the traditional way. From recent experiences in getting tattoo's I feel as though all tattoos feel the same as far as pain wise. Both the plant fibre binding and the handle are stained with dark blue pigment, suggesting repeated use in tattooing.
In some places in Polynesia tattooing has become merely decorative but in others it retains this spiritual aspect.
Here, as on Tahiti, the traditional images of clubs and spears were supplemented with swords, muskets, cannon and pistols after contact.
Elsewhere, where tattooing was regarded as a collective experience, high-ranking initiates were accompanied by a commoner who was tattooed simultaneously so that they might 'share the pain'. On Tahiti, where many of the indigenous designs were lost with the disruption of European contact in the 18th and 19th centuries, many present-day Tahitians are tattooed with Marquesan designs copied or adapted from older sources in a new style called manoa. This technique employed by Handy simply to categorize the motifs was interpreted by the young tattooist as a long-lost Tahitian alphabet so he began to incorporate it into his designs. The other tool has a larger bone blade carved with a long edge of fine points and set into a piece of turtleshell.
The inhabitants of nearby Tonga and the Horn Islands probably came to Samoa to learn and adopt this style from local masters (tufuga), and Tongans told members of Cook's expedition that the trouser tattoo provided warriors with magical protection during battle. The process remains highly ritualised with many boys and men undergoing the ordeal at the same time to 'share the pain', women singing soothing or rallying songs, and tabus (restrictions on diet or behaviour) being placed on those being tattooed.
Polynesians which includes Marquesans, Samoans, Niueans, Tongans, Cook Islanders, Hawaiians, Tahitians, and Maori, are genetically linked to indigenous peoples of parts of Southeast Asia. Below is a smaller implement from Tahiti with an ergonomically tapered handle and a broad head edged with small serrated teeth, designed to create finer patterns on the skin.
The Tahitians also managed to realistically depict European measuring instruments and compasses. The points would be dipped in a dye made of burnt nuts and the photograph shows how such bladed tools were used with a plain peeled stick mallet (sausau), which was typically formed from the central rib of the coconut palm leaf. It’s a sub-region of Oceania, comprising of a large grouping of over 1 ,000 islands scattered over the central and southern Pacific Ocean, within a triangle that has New Zealand, Hawaii and Easter Island as its corners. The artist used the mallet to tap the handle of the tool (not the blade itself) and to make puncturing easier, an assistant is on hand to hold the skin taut.

The two pictures below clearly show this triangle: People who live in these islands are regarded as Polynesians for their similar traits in language, customs, society and culture. The comet represented the star Maurua, which was used as a navigational reference point by Polynesian mariners.
But the European navigators showed little interest due to the lack of valuable resources.Captain James Cook was the first navigator trying to explore the whole Polynesia Triangle.
But due to the difficulty in sterilizing the traditional tools, the Ministry of Health banned tattooing in French Polynesia in 1986.Although many years passed, tools and techniques of Polynesian tattooing have changed little. For a strictly traditional design, the skill gets handed from father to son, or master to disciple.
Each tattoo artist, or tufuga, learned the craft over many years of serving as his master’s apprentice. Polynesian peoples believe that a person’s mana, their spiritual power or life force, is displayed through their tattoo. For example, sea creatures are very common Polynesian symbols, like mantas, sharks, bonitos and sea urchins. Each of them has a meaning related to its inner nature and embodies the meaning by tattooing it on to the body.
It depends on the degree of evolution of various traditions from the original common tattoo designs, like Lapita, which is a former Pacific archeological culture. Ancient original styles mainly consist of some simple patterns, like straight lines, repeating on the body. These geometrical styles can be found in Hawaiian and Samoan tattoo traditions, or in tattoos from Fiji, Palau, Tonga, etc. Because the age is too far from nowadays, the meanings of these patterns are almost lost, or debatable. The tattoos and their location on the body were determined by one’s genealogy, position within the society and personal achievements. Tattooing was operated by high trained shamans (tahua) in the religious ceremony, who was an expert in the meanings of the tattoo and skills of the art.Before getting tattooed, a person should experience a long period of cleansing. During this period one would fast for a fixed length of time and abstaining from sexual intercourse or contact with women. The tattoo practice generally marked both rites of passage and important events in a person’s life. The position of tattoo on women’s body was limited to hand, arms, feet, ears and lips. One saying is that girls at the age of twelve would get tattooed on their right hands, and since when they were permitted to prepare the meals and join in the process of rubbing of dead bodies. After my participation in the 2013 Ironman world championship I got stunned after seeing the locals with their polynesian tattos.
I wanted to give myself a souvenir and something that always give back the great memories from my trip to hawaii. My name is obviously hispanic, so yes I consider myself 100% latino but with an amazing love of Polynesian culture. I guess I was too lose with the 100% comment because my estrange great grandpa was actually from Samoa. I would like to get a tribal tattoo but I wouldn’t want to claim any tribal rights as to not offend anyone.
I just love the designs and I would like something that could represent who I am and what I have accomplished so far. Your Great Grandfather would be proud of you for acknowledging you have a link to our ways, his ways. If you can find out more about his place or status in Samoa, you may be entitled to his markings. If not, there are plenty of modern designs which have no direct tribal or lineage link, you could conceivably choose from. If that is the case however, you should choose based on your personality, and indications of strength and honor. Notify me of new posts by email.Subscribe to Get Various Designs and Pictures!Get new collected designs, pictures and all information about Polynesian Tattoo.

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