There are so many amazing places to see in the world and some day, I would love to visit the seven man made wonders. Back in 2001, a Swiss corporation known as the New7Wonders Foundation decided to _1_ a list of man-made wonders. Chichen Itza, found in Yucatan, Mexico, is a large _2_ site that represents what remains of one of the main focal points of the Mayan civilization. The Christ the Redeemer statue found in Rio de Janiero is considered an important _3_ of Christianity.
Almost everyone has heard of the Colosseum, either because he’s had the opportunity to visit or because he learned about the incredible amphitheatre while in school. The original Great Wall of China was originally built to protect the borders of China from attacks throughout the years between the 5th century BC and the current 16th century. Machu Picchu, also known as “The Lost City of the Incas,” rests on a mountain ridge in the Urubamba Valley over 8,000 feet above sea level. For those of you who play at Trivial Pursuit (or Triviant in the Netherlands) may be aware that there are even some questions included regarding these world wonders. You will probably have noticed that these world wonders are all located in the geographical zone around the former Hellenistic empire. At this period, the centre of the world - in terms of research and intellect - is based in Alexandria.
After the era of the Greek, the Romans arrived and apparently, the fact being that none of the Greek world wonders are in their zone, they wanted to have their own list and show their importance.
It was Gaius Plinius Secundus (or know as Pliny the Elder) who decide upon 18 world wonders of the Roman world. In the middle Ages, the list of world wonders was established by linking the sites with divinity. This takes us to the question on how to decide what is to be on a list of world wonders or heritage to be preserved.
It is for the safeguard of these places that the UNESCO created the world list of heritage in 1972.
In the beginning the sites came mainly from the developed countries, but today there are sites in more than 138 countries.
Even though I stated just above that we can see the UNESCO as the safeguard of today’s world heritage and world wonders, there is currently a new project that will finalise in 2007 a list of the 7 world wonders for the 3rd millennium.
There will always be discussions ongoing about the world wonders and different arguments on what and why a site is to be considered a world wonder. Peru's Machu Picchu is thought to have been a sacred center for the nearby Incan capital of Cusco. A close up of the living quarters of Machu Picchu, built at the peak of the Incan Empire in the mid-1400s. The genius and adaptability of Mayan culture can be seen in the ruins of Chichen Itza, on Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula.
The most familiar ruin at the site is El Caracol, a sophisticated astronomical observatory.
El-Deir was built during the first century and is the second most visited building in Petra.


The Great Wall of China is actually a succession of walls spanning approximately 4,000 miles. Agra, India's Taj Mahal is a mausoleum commissioned for the wife of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. The Gateway to the Taj Mahal rises nearly 100-feet high and separates the gardens from the forecourt. The Christ the Redeemer statue has loomed over Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from upon Corcovado mountain since 1931.
The site is comprised of over 100 paved roads and dozens of stone buildings, many of which were beautifully restored. The statue is located within the Tijuca Forest National Park and stands atop Corcovado Mountain. The emperor known as Vespasian began construction around 70 AD and it was not completed until 80AD, when Titus was ruler.
Believe it or not, there was more than one “Great Wall of China,” each built in a different area and by a different emperor.
The city was originally built back in 1460 and was considered one of the main symbols of the Inca Empire.
The site is considered one of the most stunning architectural attractions in the world, with each building cut directly into the mountain wall. The buildings architecture draws from not only Mughal styles but also Ottoman, Islamic, Persian, and more. Most of you probably also know that only the Great Pyramid of Giza is still existing and that of the other 6 there are in the best case some archaeological remaining. I mean, Alexander and his army went by Persepolis - ok, he burned it - but it could have been an 8th world wonder. From the different era we have seen above, most wonders are highly influenced by the geographical or cultural environment of that precise time of creation of the list. We all know a maximum of places that are beautiful but unfortunately, we don’t always take care of them. Though there are always some controversies about this list and the proposed sites, there is no doubt that altogether this safeguard is important for today’s world. Today’s new architectural sites like the Burj Al Arab in Dubai or the Petronas Twin towers in Kuala Lumpur are also signs of cultural heritage and a world wonder. Citizens from all over the world were asked to cast their votes, and the final results were officially released on July 7th, 2007. Chichen Itza is considered to be the property of the federal government but the site is run and maintained by the National Institute of Anthropology and History. The Christ the Redeemer statue stands over 120 feet high and is considered the tallest statue representation of this image in the world. Originally _4_ to hold over 80,000 _5_, the Colosseum was the site of several gladiator contests, executions, re-enactments, and theatrical performances. It was abandoned during the Spanish conquest and legend says the land was forgotten until 1911 when it was rediscovered by an American historian known as Hiram Bingham. Visitors from around the world flock to Agra to see the domed marble ceiling and spectacular artistry as well as to pay their _10_.


However, there are some uncertainties that lie around the identity of the author of the list and the exact date of creation of the list. It is a fact that the Greek admired the regions of Egypt and Mesopotamia and its architecture.
In his work he came with more than 18 world wonders, thus showing the supremacy of Rome to Greece. No particular findings have been transported during time though and after the religious aspects, the renaissance mentioned the importance to include also the natural sources into the list of world wonders. Sites that could be listed needed to be or natural or cultural and needed to have a universal exceptional value.
One of the differences with this to-be list is that there is a pre-defined list of 21 sites and you can pick 7 out of them for your vote. Despite having suffered severe _6_ from earthquakes and weather, the Colosseum is still one of the most visited tourist attractions in all of Rome. There is _8_ that the site may have been discovered 50-100 years earlier, but those discoverers only pillaged the site and left again. The site wasn’t discovered until 1812, but it is believed that the area has been occupied since as early as the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt. In fact, it seems that the original text was never found, and that humanity since has been using various sources and quotations. Simply because Philon argues in his list that this list is not only decided by him but agreed upon by the people - mostly intellectuals - around him and from his era. It can be argued that the period of Alexander’s travels have shown the Hellenistic word some beautiful architectural works and 5 of the world wonders lie in the new Greek zone. Out of these, some he criticises and leaves 18 he really considers worth being the Roman world wonders.
The Ming Wall was considered the most important section, at the peak, and was once guarded by over a million soldiers.
It was built as a mausoleum where the Mughal Emperor known as Shah Jahan was to bury his wife Mumtaz Mahal. It combines the 3 (divine triad) and 4 (the elements) and then represents the idea of the universe.
Amongst his list we can find the the private houses of Lepides, Caligula and Nero; the aquaduct from Marcius Rex, the gate of Ostie and the peace temple.
The word wonder was also studied: should it be a wonder in the sense of a exceptional or rather in the sense of miracle. He insisted on the practical part of the monument and condemned too much luxury - too expensive - and praised the usefulness of the community.



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