Seven Wonders of the World capture the fancies of travellers and interest of historians alike. Built at different points in time, at different places, the new seven wonders of the world are the materializations of some great dreams, some great skills and some great labor; each being a masterpiece in itself. Several monuments have been built down the line, magnificent in their own right, and thereby resulting in a new list of 7 wonders of the world, while the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World continue to enchant the world.
The Taj Mahal is a mausoleum of white marble built by the Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan, in the loving memory of his favorite wife, Mumtaz Mahal; the Taj Mahal is one of the wonders of the world that continues to hold an attraction for all through the globe. The sacred Pre-Hispanic site of Chichen Itza (meaning near the edge of water) is an archeological marvel located in the eastern portion of the Yucatan state peninsula of Mexico.
Chichen Itza rose as a major regional capital dominating the polical, socio-economic, and cultural ethos of the northern Maya islands in the 10th century.
Standing 30 m tall on a separate pedestal measuring 8 m, the magnificent statue was designed by Heitor da Silva Costa and sculpted by Polish-French Paul Landowski. Built in the ancient Mediterranean world, the iconic Roman Colosseum evokes images of the blood-thirsty cries of Roman spectators and gladiators playing the games at the Colosseum's amphitheater.
The Colosseum, one of the most imposing monuments located in central Rome, was built by Emperor Vespasian, who founded the Flavian dynasty. After the early medieval era, hosting of the public gaming, entertainment such as music, operas and ballets based on classical mythology, famous battles, etc., was discontinued and later used only for workshops, and even as a Christian shrine.
Architecturally sound, the wall, which epitomizes human suffering and is sung of in many Chinese ballads, is of great strategic and historic importance to China. Nestled between the heights of the Peruvian Andes mountains and Amazon Basin, about 200 rock structures with a 2,400 m high citadel in the center are housed in the Machu Pikchu Region of Peru. The historic sanctuary structures consisting of ramps, giant walls, and terraces seem to be carved out naturally. The eye-catching half-built, half-carved 'Lost' city of Petra can be seen as a rock carving blended into the mountains between Red Sea and Dead Sea.
The heritage city was constructed in the first centuries of BC to AD with Nabataean rock temples, and tombs such as the Khasneh, the Urn Tomb, etc., and now stands testimony to the great civilizations of yore. It has now gained honorary status as a new wonder of the world continuing from the ancient seven wonders of the world.
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon are the terraced gardens built by Nebuchadnezzar for his queen Amuhia around 600BC. The Seven Wonders of the World is a well known traditional list of seven astonishing constructions of the ancient times. Out of the Seven Wonders of the World, only the Pyramids of Giza have survived the test of time.
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Twenty-thousand men labored on its construction, which began in 1631 and took 22 years to complete. One of the largest Maya cities, the site was built by the Maya civilization's rulers between 750 AD and 900 AD.
The site, now in various stages of restoration, is one of most visited tourist attractions in Mexico and records about 1.2 million visitors every year. Such is the presence of the world's largest statue of Art Deco, that of Christ, the Redeemer.
Maintenance work has since been carried out regularly as the statue is exposed to strong winds and erosion. The construction began in 72 AD and was completed in 80 AD, an year after his death by his heir, Titus. Currently, it is in partial ruins, devastated by earthquakes, but is partly used by the Church on occasions, as well as for music concerts by internationally renowned musicians. Visible even from the surface of the moon, the Wall was built in 220 BC under Qin Shi Huang. Machu Picchu, as it is more popularly known, is the Inca empire's legacy and creation that can be found amidst pleasing natural surroundings of a tropical rainforest. The Temple was decorated with bronze statues sculpted by the most skilled artists of their time. It was completed around 350 BC and was 40 m high, adorned with friezes on all the four sides. As people knew little about the world beyond the Mediterranean rim at that time, this list only has a collection of works located around that area.
The Lighthouse of Alexandria: The lighthouse was almost 400 feet high and was one of the tallest amongst the Seven Wonders of the World.
In recent times, many new lists consisting of wonders of the medieval world and the modern world have been developed.
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Giving shape to the idea mooted in 1921 by the church in Brazil, a colossal statue of Christ visible to all in Rio was envisioned. After the consecration of a chapel under the statue in October 2006 to the patron saint of Brazil, Catholics are now able to hold baptisms and weddings there. A UNESCO World heritage site, it could hold about 50,000-80,000 spectators at a given time.
Several sections of fortifications were brought together to form a united defense system against invaders from the north. This famous archeological site of Petra is a part of the Ma'an Governorate, which is the largest among the 12 governorates of the Kingdom of Jordan.

In the early fifteenth century, the Knights of St John of Malta built a massive crusading castle which they fortified using the stones of the Mausoleum.
The island was connected to the mainland by means of a dike - the Heptastadion - which gave the city a double harbor. The two lists which were the most famous of many such lists were the ones complied by Philo of Byzantium and by Antipater of Sidon. As was claimed by a Babylonian priest, they were spread over an area of 400 square feet and were 75 feet high above the ground.
The temple had a captivating marble sanctuary and its roof was made of wood and covered with tiles. The Greek sculptor Charles was given the charge to build this bronze statue to honor the sun god Helios. Built with refined concrete, it came up atop the 700 m-high Mount Corvocado in Brazil in 1931. Slowly, but surely the Great Wall measuring about 20,000 kms in length was fully constructed till the end of the Ming dynasty's rule from 1368-1644. By early sixteenth century almost every block of the Mausoleum had been disassembled and used for construction. For centuries, the Lighthouse of Alexandria (occasionally referred to as the Pharos Lighthouse) was used to mark the harbor, using fire at night and reflecting sun rays during the day. As the Greeks considered seven as a magical number, the list of Wonders of the World had seven members.
Nebuchadnezzar employed slaves to transport water from the nearby river Euphrates and attend to the maintenance of the gardens. The mausoleum was 135 feet high and four Grecian sculptors added to its beauty by decorating it with a band of ornaments from the outside. The figure of Nike, his messenger, was in its right hand and there was a scepter in its left hand.
The inner space had two rows of not less than 106 columns, each column being 40 to 60 feet high. It was transported to Constantinople to increase its life where this Wonder of the World was unfortunately destroyed by a fire in A.D 462.
After being burnt and rebuilt several times, this temple was finally destroyed by an angry mob in 401 A.D. But, as nature would have it, it was destroyed by an earthquake just 56 years after it had been built.

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