Our highest priority is to satisfy the customer through early and continuous delivery of valuable software. Deliver working software frequently, from a couple of weeks to a couple of months, with a preference to the shorter timescale. The most efficient and effective method of conveying information to and within a development team is face-to-face conversation. At regular intervals, the team reflects on how to become more effective, then tunes and adjusts its behavior accordingly. Successful project is not necessarily a project that goes exactly as expected, yielding results identical to those that were predicted.
Scrum controls the process of software development to guide work toward the most valuable outcome possible.
Scrum was first defined as "a flexible, holistic product development strategy where a development team works as a unit to reach a common goal" as opposed to a "traditional, sequential approach" in 1986 by Hirotaka Takeuchi and Ikujiro Nonaka in the "New New Product Development Game".
The authors described a new approach to commercial product development that would increase speed and flexibility, based on case studies from manufacturing firms in the automotive, photocopier and printer industries. In 1995, Sutherland and Schwaber jointly presented a paper describing the Scrum methodology at the Business Object Design and Implementation Workshop held as part of Object-Oriented Programming, Systems, Languages & Applications '95 (OOPSLA '95) in Austin, Texas, its first public presentation.
Number of IDEAL days - A day in life of developer where he has everything he needs to complete the job with no disturbance. In order to get 1,500 hours experience in an Agile environment, you need some knowledge to be able to perform that role. After you get the 1,500 hours of experience, you need to take an exam-prep course before you can take the PMI-ACP® exam.
Finally, it’s important to recognize that getting PMI-ACP® certification doesn’t immediately give someone the skills to get a job. The Accredited Agile Practioner (AAP®) is a professional who has demonstrated in a responsible manner, proven knowledge and expertise which make up the body of knowledge recognized by those who are experts in Agile Frameworks.
Demonstrate to employers your level of professionalism in agile practices, tools and techniques. Helps you to demonstrate your knowledge way o generic agile methods and reinforces your knowledge of applying the agile principles to real world applications. Hold a certification that is more credible than existing entry-level, training or exam-only based offerings. Develop a more advanced, applied level of knowledge to gain an understanding of agile and the ability to apply relevant project management methods, leading to successful agile projects.
Actively promote trust and close co-operation between the business and developers and gives the business ongoing visibility into what is happening.
Combine knowledge of more traditional management methodologies with agile to better adapt to a changing business environment.
ACI, for all its certifications, mandates that all the applicants should have prior training in Agile practices to be eligible to apply for any ACI's certifications.
You can take training from any organizations of your choice to satisfy the mandatory training requirements for the AAP® credential.
It is based on iterative and incremental development wherein the requirements are gathered through coordination and collaboration of highly motivated self organizing and cross functional teams. Laying emphasis on the repetition of the work cycles as well as the functional product being developed, agile methodology is describes as "iterative" and "incremental". Individuals and interactions over processes and tools Working software over comprehensive documentation Customer collaboration over contract negotiation Responding to change over following a plan This means that while there is value in the items on the right, the value of the items on the left are more. The Product Owner is accountable for ensuring the team delivers value to the business and is the voice of the customer. A typical Sprint is 1-4 weeks long and takes place one after another (Sprint follows Sprint). Each work day, the team gathers briefly to report to each other on progress, and update simple charts that orient them to the work remaining.
Scrum adopts the policy of "inspect and adapt" where for a unit of development the learning and experience is improved by inspecting both the resulting product and the efficacy of the existing processes and aligning them with the product goals and practices. Prescribed events are used in Scrum to create regularity and to minimize the need for meetings not defined in Scrum. Other than the Sprint itself, which is a container for all other events, each event in Scrum is a formal opportunity to inspect and adapt something.
Extreme Programming (XP) is another agile software development methodology which is intended to improve software quality and be more accommodative of the frequently changing customer requirements. The various elements of Extreme Programming include: programming in pairs in addition to doing extensive code review, unit testing of all code, postponing the actual programming of features until they are actually needed, a flat management structure, simplicity and clarity in code, expecting customer's requirements to change with time and that the problem is better understood, by frequent communication with the customer and within the team. Pair programming- Two team members work on the same code at the same time on same screen and same keyboard.
Planning game- Work for the iterations evolves with the help of games like planning poker etc which make the planning more fun filled and less of a tension.
Test driven development- The TDD approach follows a test first approach where the test case is developed first and then a code is written to pass the test. Whole team- Contrary to traditional approach, all the aspects of software development will involved all the team members and not just specialists based on tayloristic approach.
Continuous integration- A continuous integration involves building a clean build of the code each day instead of integrating the code every few weeks or even longer as in the case of water fall models. Design improvement- Instead of a complete upfront design for the software development, XP believes in small upfront designs as and when required. Coding standard- Enforcing of coding standards include naming of variables, logging of errors, usage of same versions of debugging tools etc. Collective code ownership- Instead of a strong code ownership which means every code will have an owner and only that person can change the code, a collective code ownership means any person can change any part of the code without any prior permission.
System metaphor- A metaphor is a slogan which helps the team to associate with the vision of the team. Sustainable pace- Just like one cannot work for long hours indefinitely forever, the belief of XP is that the team should not be working under such conditions even for one day. Lean is an Agile method, which has been mostly inspired by the fundamentals of Lean Manufacturing techniques and Toyota Production System (TPS).
Amplify Learning Full knowledge of a project is impossible at the beginning; hence the team should be willing to learn all along the project along with the customer.
Delay commitment Decisions made with less or incomplete information can lead to mistakes and loss, hence a delay to the last responsible moment increase the chance of success as by that time, one would have the highest possible amount of information. Empower the Team Empower the team implies, freedom to the team members to make decisions on their own. Build Integrity in the system This implies the product does exactly what the customer wants even if he does not mention it. Kanban is a method for managing software development work with an emphasis on just-in-time delivery while ensuring a steady pace.
Kanban - A visual process management system that tells what to develop, when to develop it, and how much to develop. The Kanban method - An approach to incremental, evolutionary process improvement for organizations.
Agree to pursue incremental, evolutionary change - Sweeping changes may look effective but usually end up in failures due to resistance and fear among the people. Respect the current process, roles, responsibilities & titles-Every organization will have some work elements which are probably working fine.
Leadership at all levels- Acts of leadership at all levels in the organization from individual contributors to senior management should be encouraged. Manage flow - The flow of work through each state in the workflow should be monitored, measured and reported. Make policies explicit - Until the mechanism of a process is made explicit it is often hard or impossible to hold a discussion about improving it.
Implement feedback loops - Collaboration to review flow of work and demand versus capability measures, metrics and indicators coupled with anecdotal narrative explaining notable events is vital to enabling evolutionary change. Improve collaboratively, evolve experimentally - The Kanban method encourages small continuous, incremental and evolutionary changes that stick. According to IDC, 63% of Hiring Managers believe certified individuals are more productive than their non-certified counterparts.
I found your web site after checking out USD 2000 price from another Scrum certification provider for training and 500$ for certification. At this point in time, ACIA® does not impose a policy that you have to be trained from any expensive training providers to appear for our certifications.
The first time Success rate of Accredited Agile Practitioner (AAPA®) Certification Program is 80%, whereas the success rates of Accredited ScrumMaster (ASMA®) Certification is 82%. Can you please provide more insights about the structure of the questions of your certification programs? How soon after the completion of my examination, will I receive my Certification and Test Results? Before you take the examination, as part of registration you are required to upload one of the photo ID's recommended by APCC (Includes a passport, a valid driving license of your country or any other government issued photo ID).
The thesis to be submitted should be between 600 words and 900 words (Roughly about one A4 page equivalent). Once you submit the thesis, you will have to get recommendations from three members (either peers or managers) recommending this credential be bestowed upon you. You must complete all the requirements of the assessment within one year from the date of registration.


ACIA® does not act like a placement agency and we do not directly provide jobs to any certificants. While I am making examination if I lose my Internet connectivity due to some technical issues, do I have to pay again to access the certification examination?
As soon as you complete all the requirements of the certification, you will receive a PDF certificate which is printable if you wish (as it is generated with high quality). You can see a low resolution and miniaturized copy of the certificate in the respective section of the programs by selecting the respecting program links and navigating.
What is the difference between the certifications provided by Agile Certification Institute and other organizations? We use the latest technology in certification test taking based on Remote Proctoring and Screen Locking facilities in addition to large scale certification operations which brings down our cost of operations. In most organizations, this counts towards continuing education and should enable you to get recognition and improve the chances of your promotion but keep in mind that this cannot be guaranteed by ACIA®.
Agile is an iterative and incremental software development methodology where requirements and solutions evolve through collaborative processes. The process of developing a new computer system was often lengthy and expensive and they often suffered from delays, budget overruns and complete failure due to cancellations or because the finished system didn't deliver what was expected. Waterfall consists of a series of stages that are completed sequentially with each stage producing outputs that became the input to the next.
The cost of making a change increased dramatically as the consequences of any decision fed through to the other stages.
Because the process was lengthy and expensive and it wasn't easy to go back to a previous step there was a tendency to over-specify systems. Even if everything was done perfectly, the systems often took so long to be completed that what was finally delivered was often the system that the company needed 2 years ago when the requirements were first identified but which no longer completely suited their needs. The waterfall approach simply didn't allow companies to react quickly enough to changing business conditions because the lead-time for delivering a system was so long and the outcome variable. These system failures were so common that cartoons were created to satirise the issues which were well known for some time. The basic premise of Agile is to maximize value - focus on the things that increase productivity and remove impediments. Agile was conceived as a lightweight alternative to the established heavyweight Project Management methodologies that had been proven to be ineffective when applied to software development. Based on the experiences of successful and productive teams and new software development practices such as Test Driven Development it was focused on removing unproductive activities and enabling skilled people to focus their efforts on what they did best. Instead of approaching a computer system like an engineering construction (such as building a house) where the complete foundation is built first before the next layer is added, people recognized that software was different and much more pliable. The rigid and inflexible database schemas of Relational Database Management Systems (RDBMS) or 'SQL' were often viewed as the foundation for any new system. Agile software development has contributed to the increased adoption of NoSQL database technologies such as MongoDB which promote flexibility and remove some of the need for lengthy up-front schema design work. Agile was an enabler to allow teams to focus on delivering working features to the customer, often within the first weeks of a project and ongoing throughout it's lifecycle. Despite the large expenditure of effort and cost, the system doesn't provide usable features until it is complete.
Features are usable as soon as they are completed delivering immediate value with much less overall effort. The minimum amount of effort is required to create a "Minumum Viable Product (MVP) which finally allowed companies to try out ideas and react quickly. Instead of work being handed from team to team of separate specialists an Agile team is cross-functional with all of the skills necessary to analyze, architect, design, build, test and deploy the solution. However, while there are some recognized practices the Agile approach itself was not prescriptive and there were many flavors and variations.
The Agile Manifesto was the result of the leading proponents of various Agile approaches coming together and combining their ideas into a set of core values and principles for practitioners to follow. That is, while there is value in the items on the right, we value the items on the left more. Some claim agile does away with planning, contracts and documentation which it clearly doesn't. The Agile Alliance was formed by many of the Agile Manifesto's authors to further promote and formalize the Agile approach. Over time a variety of different approaches developed all based on the core values and principles of Agile. Scrum became the most widely known and recognized and gave birth to new titles within development teams such as 'Scrum Master'. As recognition of Scrum as an approach to developing software grew there was an increasing need for more formal Scrum Master Certifications to identify those with the genuine skills and real experience who could introduce and champion it within a organization looking to adopt Agile.
The sponsors, developers, and users should be able to maintain a constant pace indefinitely. They called this the holistic or rugby approach, as the whole process is performed by one cross-functional team across multiple overlapping phases, where the team "tries to go the distance as a unit, passing the ball back and forth". Schwaber and Sutherland collaborated during the following years to merge the above writings, their experiences, and industry best practices into what is now known as Scrum.
This is standard which is based on standard principles of Agile, Scrum, Lean Software Development, Kanban, DSDM and other related agile methodologies.
ACI® certification offers financial benefits by making you stand out and better market yourself to current and prospective employers. Instead of relying only on a written assessment, our certifications more comprehensively assess a candidate. Moreover, Agile Manager represents the Management point of view in a Agile project, to ensure maximum added value for each and every release to the customer. True to its definition, the agile methodology aims at being nimble and quick moving in response to change in requirements and other issues that arise during the development process.
The Agile development methodology pursues opportunities to have a clear vision of the direction of a project throughout the development lifecycle. Agile empowers the team to continuously plan the release to optimize the value throughout development.
The Team consists of a group ranging between 7-9 individuals with cross functional skills and is responsible for the delivery of potentially shippable product increments. A Sprint is the basic unit of development in Scrum and is of a specific fixed duration, which cannot be extended whether the work is completed or not.
At the beginning of each Sprint, a cross-functional team selects items from a prioritized list of requirements, and commits to complete them by the end of the Sprint; during the Sprint, the deliverable does not change. At the end of the Sprint, the team demonstrates what they have built, and gets feedback which can then be incorporated in the next Sprint. Extreme Programming (XP) as a part of agile software development believes in frequent "releases" to be delivered in short development cycles. The methodology takes its name from the idea that the beneficial elements of traditional software engineering practices are taken to "extreme" levels. This practice helps in ensuring higher level of energy at the time of coding and ensures minimal mistakes. In a traditional development method, design is done first then followed by the development of test cases.
Continuous integration means the code is always almost release ready and if used in conjunction of version control system will allow reverting the code in case of a bug rather than debugging.
This allows the customers to see the software they are to get and also make changes at an early stage.
Always get the details required to get the work done now and never more than what is required.
Lean method believes in process optimization and speeding up the process of software development. Use scientific methods where hypotheses are made and rapid tests are done to test to enable choosing the best solution.
Developers closest to the code know the problems best and hence must take responsibility for their problems and solve them.
It also gives them a chance to change their future requirements based on what they got and increase the value they get from the software development.
In this approach, the development process follws a pull approach instead of a push approach. It allows you to start with whatever you in your organization and helps you to make continuous and constant improvements over a period of time at a sustainable pace. The Kanban method instead believes in small changes but over a longer period of time and encourages small incremental and evolutionary changes.
Visualizing the flow of work and making it visible is core to understanding how work proceeds.
Limiting work-in-process implies that a pull system is implemented on parts or all of the workflow. By actively managing the flow the continuous, incremental and evolutionary changes to the system can be evaluated to have positive or negative effects on the system. Without an explicit understanding of how things work and how work is actually done, any discussion of problems tends to be emotional, anecdotal and subjective. When teams have a shared understanding of theories about work, workflow, process, and risk, they are more likely to be able to build a shared comprehension of a problem and suggest improvement actions which can be agreed by consensus.
You can get training on Agile concepts from our website links and also the Master Standards which are provided to you once you register for the exam.


For Accredited Product Owner (APOA®) Certification and Accredited SAFe Agile Practitioner (ASAPA®) Certification Programs are 65%. The questions are based on the Master Standards approved by Agile Professional Certification Council (APCC) with a 50:50 focus on the theoretical aspects as well as practical challenges of working in an agile setting.
Your answers are processed and evaluated real-time and you will receive your test results as soon as you submit the answers of your Agile Certification Examination. Your ID will be verified against you personally via webcam before the test lock is released on your appointed registration time so as to ensure the test takes is the person whose ID is presented. Each of the referee has to fill an online recommendation from which consists of five (5) questions on which he will be rating on a scale of 1-10 (1 is low and 10 is highest). If you cannot complete all the formalities of the assessment, you will automatically lose your registration and have to register.
However, "Planet ACIA® " provides a networking platform for Job providers from various companies all around the planet to post relevant jobs. If this happens please inform us per e-mail and we will reactive your examination access code free of charge. In addition, you will also receive your paper based certificate by regular mail within 3 months of clearing all the certification requirements. However, I have never possessed such a certification and I just would like to understand how such a certification looks like? This coupled with successful completion of a certification from ACI provides you with reimbursement in most organizations around the planet. Based on a survey of more than 1000 certificants in the past, we have seen an average of 3000% ROI on their investment on ACI certifications. Our trusted payment partner accepts all major credit cards issued from all banks around the world including the banks from Scotland. We offer the most thoroughly-bred certification programs for Professionals cutting across Product Development and Service domains that so obviously reach far beyond traditional certifications and cut into the most advanced forms of agile project management application. The initial System Analysis and Design used various prescriptive techniques to produce a specification for a team of programmers to implement in code which when complete would be tested, deployed and then maintained.
If testing uncovered an incorrect requirement it meant revisiting the Analysis, Design and Implementation stages again - extra communication, effort and frequently negotiations. Instead of asking for just what was required, people felt they needed to make the best of their one opportunity to request everything they could conceivably think of and this further compounded issues by making systems way more complex than was really necessary.
Good software development techniques meant that code didn't need to be seen as static but should evolve as a system was developed.
This provided immediate feedback and allowed quick changes when necessary as the customer could both see visible progress and provide better direction for future work. An iterative process is used to build the software incrementally with each increment being a working, usable version progressing toward the final goal.
It simply places more value on things such as working software and collaboration as these are more likely to directly contribute to a successful outcome. This certification by ACI® enables the participant to demonstrate his or her skills and knowledge of general principles of various agile methodologies which have come to be called in the industry as Agile.
Employers look for assurance that you are credible and that they can depend on your professional knowledge & expertise. Most of our candidates have reported a 3000% ROI on their certification cost with us in a span of 3 years from date of certification.
Also, the quality of our certification governance superior which enables affordable certifications with the highest flexibility available in the market today.
This is achieved through regular cadences of work, called sprints or iterations, at the end of which teams must have an output of a potentially shippable product increment.
It helps stakeholders to calibrate releases for profits in the real world and helps companies build the right product. The Scrum Master is the buffer between the team and any distracting influences and he is responsible for removing the impediments to the team in their task of the deliverables. Scrum emphasizes producing working product at the end of the Sprint is really "done"; in the case of software, this means code that is fully tested and potentially shippable. Failure to include any of these events results in reduced transparency and is a lost opportunity to inspect and adapt.
Extreme programming has 12 practices, grouped into four areas, derived from the best practices of software engineering and are listed below. The key objective of the lean development method is to reduce the waste and increase value for the customer. Some example areas of waste reduction in code development are to reduce partially done work, reduce the defects and retesting. Most approaches follow a push approach where the managers push the work to workers and due to inadvertent reasons create bottle necks which is akin to a traffic jam at a traffic signal.
By agreeing to respect current roles, responsibilities and job titles we eliminate initial fears. The pull system will act as one of the main stimuli for continuous, incremental and evolutionary changes to your system. I am interested in making a certification program from your Agile Certification Institute for ScrumMaster. Almost 40% of our certificants appear for certifications without any additional training (other than our website links and the Master Standards made available once you register). The remote proctoring is done via webcam (so your computer MUST have a working webcam to take up this certification). Several topics and samples of previous thesis submissions are provided to candidate after they clear the assessment test. All these recommenders must possess a valid corporate e-mail ID (Any exceptions need approval from APCC).
The Master Standards on Agile undergo changes every few years and we want all our certificants to update their knowledge every 4 years. Please keep in mind that our paper certifications are processed in our back offices located in Singapore, India and Qatar and will contain metal objects (lapel pins) hence you will have a long lead time of 3 months to clear the customs requirements of your country. In case, you are not successful in claiming the reimbursement, you could alert us post your successful certification through "My ACI". Our Agile Competence Certifications create, the world’s very first structured body fabric of IT industry-specific qualifications covering all roles in a typical Agile IT Organization - Agile Practitioners, Team Members, ScrumMasters, Product Managers etc. The methods which are focused on this certification are Scrum, Kanban, Lean Software Development, and Extreme Programming. At GE, my AAP® credential- reassures my customers that they can rely on me for efficient management of their development work. He is also responsible for defining and facilitating the process and facilitates the team to improve.
The remaining events may end whenever the purpose of the event is achieved, ensuring an appropriate amount of time is spent without allowing waste in the process. In project management the waste include reduction of useless documentation, less handoff, doing un necessary features etc. You will have to get an aggregate of 50% in all the recommendations to obtain the ACI credential. However, our database will reflect your certificate authenticity from the instant you clear all the requirements and you can use that in your CV. Our global support team will then work with the leaders of your organization to enable reimbursement.
Although there was typically some overlap the specialists responsible for a given stage were often moved on to their next project once their stage was completed.
In work force potential, the effort is on decreasing the multi-tasking, allowing empowered workforce so that they can make decisions and minimize waiting times. In this process, from definition of a task to its delivery to the customer, is displayed for participants to see and developers pull work from a queue as and when they feel they have capacity to take more work. Our proctoring team works from three different countries so as to enable 24x7 coverage of the test taking. In case, you do not get the required rating, you can modify the reference providers and re-submit to a new set of recommenders.
One knowledge point is approximately equal to one hour of class room instruction or one hour of effort on reading a relevant text book etc.
Any such violations will result in forfeiture of your attempt at the exam and you will have to take a second attempt.
You will have to pay a fee of 20$ every four years to renew your credential and maintain your licence details in our certified agile Practioners database. Companies and teams resorted to detailed contracts and excessive documentation to avoid the risk of being 'blamed' for their contribution. The exam software locks your screen and hence you cannot change your browser or search online or use your browser for any purpose other than taking test during this period. Most of the relevant books are available as e-copies to be read online in "My ACIA®" and these count towards earning KPs.
Any such violations are treated with seriousness and you will become ineligible to continue the certification exam.
You will have to take up the exam after re-scheduling and this shall be treated as a second attempt.



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