Psychologists have long sought insights into how we perceive the world and what motivates our behavior, and they've made enormous strides in lifting that veil of mystery. Arguably the most famous experiment in the history of psychology, the 1971 Stanford prison study put a microscope on how social situations can affect human behavior.
The experiment, which was scheduled to last for two weeks, had to be cut short after just six days due to the guards' abusive behavior -- in some cases they even inflicted psychological torture -- and the extreme emotional stress and anxiety exhibited by the prisoners.
The experiment was one of the first to illustrate the phenomenon of "change blindness," which shows just how selective we are about what we take in from any given visual scene -- and it seems that we rely on memory and pattern-recognition significantly more than we might think.
A famous Stanford experiment from the late 1960s tested preschool children's ability to resist the lure of instant gratification -- and it yielded some powerful insights about willpower and self-discipline. While most of the children said they'd wait, they often struggled to resist and then gave in, eating the treat before the researcher returned, TIME reports. A famous 1961 study by Yale psychologist Stanley Milgram tested (rather alarmingly) how far people would go to obey authority figures when asked to harm others, and the intense internal conflict between personal morals and the obligation to obey authority figures. Milgram wanted to conduct the experiment to provide insight into how Nazi war criminals could have perpetuated unspeakable acts during the Holocaust. While the study has commonly been seen as a warning of blind obedience to authority, Scientific American recently revisited it, arguing that the results were more suggestive of deep moral conflict. Recently, some commenters have called Milgram's methodology into question, and one critic noted that records of the experiment performed at Yale suggested that 60 percent of participants actually disobeyed orders to administer the highest-dosage shock. There's a psychological reason behind the fact that those in power sometimes act towards others with a sense of entitlement and disrespect. This classic 1950s social psychology experiment shined a light on the possible psychological basis of why social groups and countries find themselves embroiled in conflict with one another -- and how they can learn to cooperate again.
Study leader Muzafer Sherif took two groups of 11 boys (all age 11) to Robbers Cave State Park in Oklahoma for "summer camp." The groups (named the "Eagles" and the "Rattlers") spent a week apart, having fun together and bonding, with no knowledge of the existence of the other group. The 75-year Harvard Grant study --one of the most comprehensive longitudinal studies ever conducted -- followed 268 male Harvard undergraduates from the classes of 1938-1940 (now well into their 90s) for 75 years, regularly collecting data on various aspects of their lives.
The study's longtime director, psychiatrist George Vaillant, told The Huffington Post that there are two pillars of happiness: "One is love.
Achieving fame and success isn't just an ego boost -- it could also be a key to longevity, according to the notorious Oscar winners study. Anyone who's taken a freshman Psych 101 class is familiar with cognitive dissonance, a theory which dictates that human beings have a natural propensity to avoid psychological conflict based on disharmonious or mutually exclusive beliefs. Stereotyping various groups of people based on social group, ethnicity or class is something nearly all of us do, even if we make an effort not to -- and it can lead us to draw unfair and potentially damaging conclusions about entire populations.
Being curious is the best way to become more insightful, says Klein, and a lack of insight often comes from being in a passive and disinterested state of mind.
Do you go to bed exhausted, turn on the TV to decompress from your busy day’s stress and anxiety and drift off to restless sleep?
Or do you listen to soft music and snuggle up with a novel before drifting off to la-la land? Why do we need to spend a third of our lives unconscious when we already have such a short and swift time on this earth as it is? Reminder: You can still grab The Positive Affirmations for Life program with more than 4 hours of audio affirmations for 7 life situations that impact your happiness and success the most including extended bedtime affirmation tracks. Ideally, preceded with 10 minutes of guided bedtime affirmationsA A that calms your nerves and gets you in the mindset of a positive and happy place so you can fully embrace and believe your affirmations. You hear me talk about affirmations, confidence-building mindset and positive thinking around here a lot, and I wish I could convince you that they work. So tonight, as you get ready for your sleep routine, take a few minutes to listenA these bedtime guided affirmationsA which I recorded for you with soothing music and A get in the right state of mind. I so enjoy your take – yes, no arguing in your head therefore please modify affirmations as needed, Ragnar ;)!
Daily affirmations changed my first birthing experience from painful to peaceful the second time around.
I use do affirmation alot then one day those negative thoughts come back and I lost myself.
Most of people would feel that temperature in winter gets lower and the weather get colder. Few climate activists were surprised when a YouGov poll published in late September comfirmed what many already suspected: the British public are not particularly worried about global warming. Contrast this with the words of UN General Secretary Ban Ki-Moon who, just two days after the poll was released, warned that humanity has never in its history faced a challenge greater than that of confronting climate change. The title of the book, Marshall concedes, is slightly misleading since he doesn’t believe that we are innately incapable of paying attention to or comprehending the issue. Whereas stories about immigration and terrorism involve real experiences of real people living in the real world, stories about climate change tend to involve predicted events which could possibly occur to people living in a hypothetical future.
Furthermore, the victims of such events – who would make compelling protagonists – are often unwilling to accept that anthropogenic climate change is real.
Marshall says that the dominant narratives on solving climate change tend to appeal to socially liberal people meaning that those with socially conservative values are quickly turned off. Marshall’s observations are backed up by wealth of research which shows a strong correlation between people’s political affiliations and attitudes to global warming. Conservatism and free-market worldview strongly predict rejection of climate science, in contrast to their weaker and opposing effects on acceptance of vaccinations.


A fear campaign over the spread of ISIS in the middle-east, for example, will swiftly be followed by a proposed bombing campaign in faraway lands.
Administrator: The photo above was taken during the naval base dedication ceremony, February 26, 2016. Despite our best attempts to "know thyself," the truth is that we often know astonishingly little about our own minds, and even less about the way others think. Aside from providing fodder for stimulating cocktail-party conversations, some of the most famous psychological experiments of the past century reveal universal and often surprising truths about human nature. The researchers, led by psychologist Philip Zimbardo, set up a mock prison in the basement of the Stanford psych building and selected 24 undergraduates (who had no criminal record and were deemed psychologically healthy) to act as prisoners and guards.
In the experiment, four-year-olds were put in a room by themselves with a marshmallow on a plate in front of them, and told that they could either eat the treat now, or if they waited until the researcher returned 15 minutes later, they could have two marshmallows. The children who did manage to hold off for the full 15 minutes generally used avoidance tactics, like turning away or covering their eyes. To do so, he tested a pair of participants, one deemed the "teacher" and the other deemed the "learner." The teacher was instructed to administer electric shocks to the learner (who was supposedly sitting in another room, but in reality was not being shocked) each time they got questions wrong. A 2003 study published in the journal Psychological Review put students into groups of three to write a short paper together. When the two groups finally integrated, the boys started calling each other names, and when they started competing in various games, more conflict ensued and eventually the groups refused to eat together. The other is finding a way of coping with life that does not push love away." For example, one participant began the study with the lowest rating for future stability of all the subjects and he had previously attempted suicide. Researchers from Toronto's Sunnybrook and Women's College Health Sciences Centre found that Academy Award-winning actors and directors tend to live longer than those who were nominated but lost, with winning actors and actresses outliving their losing peers by nearly four years. In an often-cited 1959 experiment, psychologist Leon Festinger asked participants to perform a series of dull tasks, like turning pegs in a wooden knob, for an hour. NYU psychologist John Bargh's experiments on "automaticity of social behavior" revealed that we often judge people based on unconscious stereotypes -- and we can't help but act on them. With our busy day-to-day race from one thing to another, with our over-stimulated minds and fatigued bodies, how do we relax and get to a state of utter calmA and peace? They emphasize what’s important to your mind and calm the chatter of doubts, second guessing and worrying. They induce peace, inner calm, and gratitude, the 3 emotions that will induce restful sleep. The only rule is to believe them as you say them, and to repeat them 2 or 3 times until you get the calming effect.
Then you can join me in shouting it off the rooftops and spreading the message about these darling little phrases that bring us the peace of mind all of us crave oh so much! Let go of your thoughts, welcome peace into your mind, and go into a deep relaxation state with beautiful peaceful thoughts. Sometimes you need to remind yourself that you deserve the sleep, before you can actually drift off. I don’t know exactly how they work, but they do change something inside that allows you to create more of what you want on the outside. When I sleep, I sleep (rather than plan or fret or whatever other mind games I’m playing in the dark). Then I came across your prefectliving website I like have you affirmations for areas of our daily lives im going to try this sleeping one right now. He is an independent journalist based in Manchester covering social justice and international affairs.
A minority of 39% responded that they believed climate change posed a serious problem affecting the world as a whole compared to 61% for poverty and 77% for terrorism. Why does the disparity between expert opinion and public concern over climate change remain so great and what can be done to address it?
Although temperature rises and changes in climate patterns over the long term can be attributed to anthropogenic global warming, scientists are unable to draw a direct link between climate change and individual extreme weather events. After spending time with survivors of floods and hurricanes in the US, Marshall found that many of them were understandably intent on restoring their lives to the way things were before the storm and were hostile to narratives which focussed on the need to change their lifestyles in order to avoid similar disasters in the future. The key, Marshall argues, is to create narratives which speak to the full spectrum of human values and concerns. Marshall wants us to rewrite the narratives in a way that makes climate change appear more urgent and real.
Regardless of whether the strategy is effective or morally virtuous, the solution appears simple.
Natalie Bennett, leader of the Green Party in England and Wales says that over the years there has been a gradual shift within the environmental movement away from fear based appeals and towards a greater focus on people’s primary concerns. But looking forward, Bennett is hopeful that attitudes to global warming will improve, citing polls which show around 70% of people in Britain now believe that human activity is contributing to climate change despite large sections of the media remaining sceptical.
Sandra Ivanov is from New Zealand with a postgraduate education in Peace and Conflict Studies. Researchers then observed the prisoners (who had to stay in the cells 24 hours a day) and guards (who shared eight-hour shifts) using hidden cameras. In 1998, researchers from Harvard and Kent State University targeted pedestrians on a college campus to determine how much people notice about their immediate environments. The implications of the children's behavior were significant: Those who were able to delay gratification were much less likely to be obese, or to have drug addiction or behavioral problems by the time they were teenagers, and were more successful later in life.


Milgram instead played recordings which made it sound like the learner was in pain, and if the "teacher" subject expressed a desire to stop, the experimenter prodded him to go on.
Two students were instructed to write the paper, while the other was told to evaluate the paper and determine how much each student would be paid.
In the next phase of the research, Sherif designed experiments to try to reconcile the boys by having them enjoy leisure activities together (which was unsuccessful) and then having them solve a problem together, which finally began to ease the conflict.
Love really is all that matters, at least when it comes to determining long-term happiness and life satisfaction.
They were then paid either $1 or $20 to tell a "waiting participant" (aka a researcher) that the task was very interesting.
We also tend to buy into stereotypes for social groups that we see ourselves being a part of. Whether it turned out to be a stellar day or a bad one, it’s over and recognizing that and letting the excitement melt away is essential to get the rest you need. No content on this site may be used in any fashion without written consent from Prolific Living Inc. He has reported from the UK and South America for the Guardian, the Independent, New Internationalist, Deutsche Welle, Huffington Post, Equal Times, the Big Issue in the North, and the Santiago Times.
When asked which issue they believed presented the gravest global threat only 6% of those polled selected climate change. A month later the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) published its most comprehensive study to date – a collaboration between thousands of climate scientists drawing together all the available evidence in one synthesised report. Are humans psychologically incapable of facing up to the horrific likely consequences of global warming as described by scientists? To give a contrasting example, Marshall cites sensational media stories about immigration which have captured the imagination of millions of people in the UK and fuelled the rise of UKIP.
Conspiracist ideation, by contrast, predicts rejection of all three scientific propositions, albeit to greatly varying extents.
In the case of global warming, Lewandowsky argues, the solutions are complex, nuanced, and less easily digestible.
She also insists that the current political climate makes it easier for politicians like her to deliver this message. During the first experiment, 65 percent of participants administered a painful, final 450-volt shock (labeled "XXX"), although many were visibly stressed and uncomfortable about doing so. Those who were paid $1 to lie rated the tasks as more enjoyable than those who were paid $20. In one study, Bargh found that a group of participants who were asked to unscramble words related to old age -- "Florida," "helpless" and "wrinkled" -- walked significantly slower down the hallway after the experiment than the group who unscrambled words unrelated to age. But as I sit here at 2 am searching for positive thoughts to distract my restlessness, I thank you for sharing this mantra!
I quote for example, an anti-abortion campaigner who has taken climate change as being a threat to the unborn child”. Greater endorsement of a diverse set of conspiracy theories predicts opposition to GM foods, vaccinations, and climate science (Details: Stephan Lewandowsky, Gilles E.
It’s very important for the Green movement to talk about how we can have a better quality of life because people are living with a sense of insecurity and we’ve got to provide solutions for that.
While the pedestrian was giving the directions, two men carrying a large wooden door walked between the actor and the pedestrian, completely blocking their view of each other for several seconds.
Although generally the last cookie was never eaten, the "boss" almost always ate the fourth cookie -- and ate it sloppily, mouth open.
Bargh repeated the findings in two other comparable studies that enforced stereotypes based on race and politeness. Limiting climate change would require substantial and sustained reductions in greenhouse gas emissions which, together with adaptation, can limit climate change risks,” the report concluded. The book argues that society’s apparent lack of concern over global warming is largely down to popular narratives which portray the issue as less immediate than other problems like terrorism. Gignac, and Klaus Oberauer, The Role of Conspiracist Ideation and Worldviews in Predicting Rejection of Science, PLoS ONE, vol. For example, fuel poverty can be tackled by things like home energy conservation, home insulation and other measures”, she says. During that time, the actor was replaced by another actor, one of a different height and build, and with a different outfit, haircut and voice.
Those who were paid more felt that they had sufficient justification for having performed the rote task for an hour, but those who were only paid $1 felt the need to justify the time spent (and reduce the level of dissonance between their beliefs and their behavior) by saying that the activity was fun. In other words, we commonly tell ourselves lies to make the world appear a more logical, harmonious place. Many supporters of neoliberal economics recognise that any solution to climate change would have to involve greater interference with and regulation of global markets – a solution which, to their mind, is more dangerous than the problem.
10, October 2, 2013).Responses in climate change polls also vary widely depending on the way the questions are phrased.



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