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A great mystery is currently plaguing scientists, who are watching the ever-spiraling population of moose with grave concern.
Parasitic conditions, including brainworm, liver flukes and winter ticks, are all thought to contribute towards the disastrous fall of these iconic North American creatures.
Researchers are now tasked with tracking moose populations, in a desperate attempt to understand the majestic creatures’ collective plight. Minnesota initiated a program that sought to trace the location of individual creatures, upon their demise.
The moose population of Minnesota, particularly within the northeastern sectors of the state, is in a particularly bad way, with a mortality rate that surpasses all other states.
In the event that a moose’s heart stops beating, a text message alert is dispatched to awaiting researchers. As a result, all moose hunting has been suspended, with the number of moose permits falling quite drastically.
Meanwhile, journalists from OnEarth teamed up with David Pauly, a man who has been working with the Department of Natural Resources (DNR) since his career first began, to gain first-hand experience of a moose retrieval expedition. After having received one of the afore-mentioned text message alerts for one of their tagged moose subjects, the group, led by Pauly, stumbled across the poor creature, suffering and completely immobilized. The Wildlife Health Program of the Minnesota DNR has identified a number of diseases that the moose has become susceptible to.
However, in order for the parasite’s life cycle to be complete, white-tailed deer must be exposed to snails and slugs (gastropods). A correlation has been drawn between logging and the spread of the ghastly brainworm infection. Liver flukes (Fascioloides magna) are large flatworm parasites and are, again, found in white-tailed deer. Liver flukes don’t impair white-tailed deer, but do wreak havoc on the integrity of the moose liver, carving their way through the organ and causing extensive fibrosis. A recent study, performed by Ballard et al., (2006), suggested that fluke worms were a major cause of moose deaths across northwestern Minnesota. They also found that an increase in temperature and rainfall was likely to enhance the reproduction of snails, which carry the unpleasant liver fluke parasite, whilst speeding up the parasite’s life cycle. Up next is the much maligned winter tick (Dermacentor albipictus), spreading in swathes throughout the moose population of North America, and becoming a recent hindrance to New Hampshire moose. Winter ticks have been found on many hoofed animals, but seem to preferentially parasitize moose. According to the Department of Environment and Natural Resources an individual moose can become infested with thousands of winter ticks, which congregate around the back, neck, shoulders, stomach and anus of the animal. Loss of hair exposes moose to the punishing elements and increases their energy expenditure, as moose spend longer periods grooming. Tick larvae are most active in the warmer parts of the year, typically during the dry periods of the fall.

This has led many researchers to posit that climate change, and an increase in global temperatures, with earlier spring snow melt, to have improved the winter tick’s ability to more effectively complete its life cycle.
According to the New York Times, climate change could play a contributory factor, aside from enhancing the infective capacity of the previously mentioned parasites. Although the theory is contentious, it is alleged that heat stress can place greater strain on moose. Ultimately, the decline in the moose population could have a number of other unfortunate consequences.
It seems that the recent moose die-off is associated with a vast number of issues, including brainworm, liver flukes, winter ticks, and factors that researchers are likely unaware of. The primary cause of the moose deaths is the over abundance of electro-magnetic energy in the lower trophesphere, conducted by water and further conducted by the tracking devices applied by science on and in the moose. Domestic animals with computer chip or collar tracking devices are equally at risk (heart attacks).
Climate change has much to do with the over abundance of EME frying our atmospheres and species. Please discontinue the use of electronic tracking devices for the Love of God and Life Eternal. This looks like pretty stressful treatment of wild animals – the stress may come from the research.
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Throughout North America, the moose population seems destined to dwindle to hapless numbers. These teams are attuned to ominous text message alerts, signaling the possible demise of yet another moose, whether it be the early hours of the morning, or the final throes of the evening.
The moose is a lonesome creature that does not travel as part of a herd, making scientists’ endeavors to follow their movements somewhat of an arduous task.
Investing $1.2 million into sophisticated technology that was capable of achieving this ambitious goal, large numbers of moose were rounded up and tagged with special collars, providing researchers with accurate GPS positioning of each subject. Precise coordinates are provided to retrieval teams, who are then deployed to scoop up the moose, so as to determine its likely cause of death. Brainworm actually results from infection by a nematode parasite, which naturally leeches from the white-tailed deer across eastern and central North America.
Certain logging practices forced white-tailed deer deep into northern territory, where significant numbers of moose dwell, thereby leading to higher infection rates.
For example, the liver damage can weaken the moose, predisposing it to secondary bacterial infections. In the sample they investigated, the research team concluded that fluke worms were responsible for the highest mortality rate.

Large clusters of winter ticks interlock their legs and wait amongst patches of vegetation for an unsuspecting animal to brush past.
Kristine Rines, working for the New Hampshire Fish and Game Department, states that a single moose can become afflicted with as many as 100,000 ticks.
In addition, the ticks’ blood-sucking practices drains them of blood, causing anemia and fatigue.
As they are accustomed to living in cold regions, an overall increase in global temperature is alleged to be responsible for the animals having to expend more energy remaining cooler. 2009, a Moose Advisory Committee, launched by the Department of Natural Resources, released a report that indicated climate change was a threat to the moose population within Minnesota.
Moose-watching tourism is likely to be affected, whilst other animals within the ecosystem are reliant upon these lumbering creatures to create nesting habitats when grazing.
The issue of whether climate change is affecting their population numbers, however, remains an untested hypothesis. Certain logging practices forced white-tailed deer deep into northern territory, where significant numbers of moose dwell, thereby leading to higher infection rates. The weakened animals are literally eaten alive by a variety of parasitic and fungal action.
But one reason of mortality is the lack of natural predators like wolves who kill the sick. Amen has performed more than 70,000 brain scans on patients from ninety different countries.
The beasts were also non-invasively implanted with transmitters that measured their heart rates and body temperatures. According to the National Wildlife Federation, the northeast Minnesota population of moose has crashed by 35 percent, since last year alone, leaving fewer than 3,000 still alive. Also, when adult ticks fall from their host, during the spring, snowfall makes survival increasingly unlikely.
It is disgusting how many deer you see on the highway north of Duluth to the Canadian Border. Amen shares ten simple steps to boost your brain to help you live longer, look younger, and dramatically decrease your risk for Alzheimer’s disease.
His brain imaging work has taught him that our brains typically become less active with age and we become more vulnerable to memory problems and depression. As moose are comprised of large amounts of adipose tissue, they putrefy at an accelerated rate, whilst scavenging animals within woodland habitats also help to make light work of these lifeless carcasses.
The more fragile or tender an animal gets, the more likely it will be affected by pests like brain worm, intestinal parasites, ticks, fleas etc. Yet, one of the most exciting lessons he has learned is that with a little forethought and a brain-smart plan, you can slow, or even reverse, the aging process in the brain.

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