A crack team of international boffins have done a "shotgun sequencing" of the wheat genome that will help increase wheat yields and thereby feed the world. Wheat is one of the big three globally important foods, along with rice and maize, and it accounts for 20 per cent of the calories consumed by the entire human race.
Improving existing crop yields and resistance to disease is the best way of feeding a growing world population, given the lack of land to plant to wheat. The bread wheat genome is incredibly complex, having descended from three ancient grass species, it has around five times the amount of DNA found in a human genome. Instead of decoding the entire genome, the researchers concentrated on one of the ancient ancestors of wheat and used that, along with comparisons to a range of other grasses like barley, to to help figure out which sequences which were repeats.
The ancient parent species Aegilops tauschii was decoded by a US team led by Jan Dvorak at the University of California Davis and Richard McCombie at the Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, along with boffins from the USDA, Kansas State University and North Dakota State University. That team passed the sequence onto British boffins from the Universities of Liverpool and Bristol, the John Innes Centre and the European Bioinformatics Institute.


Even though the full sequence hasn't been mapped yet, what the boffins have done so far will help to develop new varieties of wheat. The study, which also had help from the Institute of Bioinformatics and Systems Biology in Munich, was published in Nature.
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Video - A CT scan has not only revealed a mummified Chinese monk inside a Buddha statue, but it also showed an unusual substitution of the monk’s removed organs, which deepen the mystery of this relic. Steve Jobs refused a surgery that could have saved his life, his biographer said in a 60 Minutes interview.


In the interview, biographer Walter Isaacson says that Jobs refused surgery when he first heard he had a tumor.
A lot of the genome consists of repeated sequences, but it has so far been difficult for scientists to figure out which bits are repeats and which are unique.
This is one of the key practical uses of the genome resources we created," Professor Mike Bevan of Liverpool said. We author and aggregate mind-opening articles, editorials and videos that inspire our readers and liberate them from the status quo. Some have speculated that Jobs could have lived longer had he sought the treatment of modern medicine, but this is the first time someone close to Jobs has said he avoided treatment.



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