In 1978 a biographer by the name of James McGregor Burns wrote a book entitled Leadership, in which he described the lives of people he felt were world class leaders—Gandhi, Mao, Woodrow Wilson, Franklin Roosevelt, Stalin and Hitler. Transformational leaders, on the other hand, care about the needs and interests of their followers as well as their own.
Expanding on Burn’s theme, I want to introduce a two dimensional model of leadership behavior. I call the horizontal dimension empathy which has to do with concern for others and making sure their needs are met. By combining these two dimensions we come up with four styles of leadership: dominate, avoid, accommodate, and collaborate. An example of a Quadrant 4 leader is Mike Krzyrewski, coach of the Duke Bluedevils basketball team.
On March 11th of that year, he suffered the worst defeat in school history and lost a game by a score of 109 to 66. During the March playoffs in 2005, Krzyrewski appeared in a television ad sponsored by the NCAA. This continuous professional development (CPD) programme is aimed at professionals who wish to develop their leadership skills. This (CDP) programme is aimed at professionals of all levels who would like to improve their leadership skills and for organisations who wish to develop talent from within.
In this classical style of leadership, the final say rests with the leader, who is the sole decision maker.
In this style of leadership, the team is allowed to provide inputs and present their perspectives. In this style of leadership, the boss holds the authority to transfer his power of decision to his subordinate.
In this style of leadership, the tasks are performed based on certain policies and standards. This style of leadership involves leaders who motivate and inspire their team members in very positive way.
A leader leads his followers by taking proper decisions and realizes the fact that he holds to himself a position of great responsibility. One thing successful entrepreneurial leaders have in common is a high degree of emotional intelligence, or the capacity to be aware of, control and express our emotions, and to handle interpersonal relationships fairly and empathetically.
The following is my personal list of the five pillars of leadership for entrepreneurs, which is probably quite different than you would expect. You will be tempted to say no to opportunities you don’t want to pass up when you are feeling overwhelmed. Stay UpdatedStay updated on our Business, Entrepreneurship, and Career Development Content, as well as Latest Shows, Events, and more.We don't share information. I know some leaders that can walk into a room and within a few minutes have people thinking, “How did we do anything before this guy joined?”  On the other hand, I have met other leaders who simply shy away from any uncomfortable situation.  Effective leaders are flexible enough to adjust their leadership style and techniques to the people they lead and the demands they face. I am in full agreement that a good leader uses every one of these styles depending on the circumstances. One of the best tools I found that helped me as a Leader was to understand what made my Soldiers tick! When I had the answers to these questions I found it easy to not only motivate my Soldiers but also to lead them in circumstances that were less than desirable. With an understanding of your Soldiers you can accurately determine the appropriate leadership style based on the Soldier and the situation. Affiliate DisclosureI make money on some products and services that I talk about on this website through affiliate relationships with the merchants in question. A major conclusion of the book is his differentiation between two types of leaders, whom he called “Power-Wielders” and “Transformational Leaders.” The criterion Burns used to make this distinction was the leader’s concern for the wants and needs of their followers. I call the vertical dimension assertiveness which has to do with concern for self in a business situation.
People who are high on this dimension are sensitive to the needs, opinions and feelings of other people. Of course, leaders can fall anywhere along either dimension of the model and so not every one is a “pure” or extreme type. They treat people with warmth and friendship believing that building positive relationships is the best way to motivate people and keep productivity high. Krzyrewski was an unknown when he came to coach Duke University in Durham, North Carolina in 1980.


They set high standards and press people to achieve outstanding results, and yet they make positive assumptions about people and believe that developing them is one of their most important leadership tasks. Call or email us for a no-obligation conversation to answer a question regarding your company or to explore bringing our services in-house.
Participants will gain an understanding of leadership roles and they will develop their skills and knowledge to lead, supervise and to manage resources effectively to achieve organisational and personal goals. Hence, any leader resorting to this style should be rock-steady and sharp with a stable head on his shoulder to lead his people or organization towards excellence. In a certain way, this style of leadership could be dangerous, as one might misuse the power or negligibly guide others down the wrong trajectory.
If a particular solution is not mentioned in the procedure, then the issue or the task is taken over to the next level. This act of the boss drives the employers to move forward and provides a great source of confidence.
The style of leadership that a leader might undertake may vary from person to person, but their ultimate goal of acquiring the defined success remains the same.
Renegades, rebels, world changers, innovators, black sheep, risk takers, workaholics — these are just a few of the names we are called by both those who love us, and those who don’t understand us. It can be argued that emotional intelligence (EQ) is more important to your happiness, health and success over your intellect (IQ). As you grow your business and make your mark on the world in your own unique way, I think you will find it useful to keep these qualities top-of-mind when defining your own leadership identity. In order to create this win-win, especially in challenging interactions, I always remind myself to come from a place of respect and love. You are the master of your emotions and your reactions and when you come from a mindset of being unstoppable, you will find a way to make it all happen.
If you want to say yes to an opportunity but feel you have too much on your plate, don’t doubt, just take action and find the support you need to make it happen. When you revisit your goals, mission statement and vision daily you will be in alignment with your highest potential more often.
When you go all out and share your passion with others, what distinguishes a leader from the average person is the sense of urgency to do everything we can with this one day, this one hour. With that said, I believe the style that should be most used if possible should be participation.
In fact, they see others as objects who are either desirable because they are instrumental in helping them gain what they want, or as undesirable because they hinder them or interfere with what they want.
People who are high on assertiveness put their ideas forward and influence the way others think and behave. However, everyone can be characterized as having natural tendencies in one or another of the quadrants.
Because they are low on the empathy scale, they don’t care about what others think or how they respond.
They can be perceived by others as demanding and yet seek to involve other people in making decisions and solving problems rather than going it alone.
The autocratic style of leadership is usually considered as the the original style of management.
At the same time, this procedure is quite positive too, as it helps boost the confidence of the workers and improves boss-worker relationship too. This direction of leadership would do well if the employers are engaged in the same job as a routine.
It doesn’t matter what frame of mind the other party is in, I get to choose my actions and reactions. Naturally, there will be days when circumstances get the best of you or throw you off track, but if you stay attuned to your vision you will rise above the petty details time and time again. This makes everyone feel as they are part of a team and they have some say in what is going on. Although these leaders are able to accomplish results in the short-run, they do so at a high price. They seek mutually beneficial goals and raise their followers to higher levels of motivation, behavior and even morality. They are open-minded, optimistic about other’s motives and capability, and willing to be influenced by them.
They rarely initiate change but will be loyal and carry out decisions that others (boss) have made.


They have a difficult time setting up structure and accountability, preferring to let people figure out for themselves how to do their jobs.
These leaders recognize their own authority and don’t let pleasing others override their opinions.
Sixty one of his sixty five players four-year players have gone to a final four during his tenure and he’s won three NCAA titles. When you realize the right context of leadership, you will know that leaders are not heroes who are here to save the day. This style of management calls for the leader to make important, practicable decisions and assign tasks to the corresponding sub-ordinates according to their endowments.
For this reason, democratic style of leadership is often called as participative style too. Also, this is the best procedure adopted when the employers have to understand certain policies in depth.
The risk related to this style is that once the leader leaves the organization or the project, it intensely affects the existence of the organization.
It is about how you are able to influence other people to raise their level of performance to new and better heights and contribute more than they previously thought possible. At best their tactics result in unthinking followers who learn to keep their heads down and do the minimum possible to avoid getting into trouble.
These leaders, according to Burns, judge their effectiveness not by their press clippings but by actual social change or the transformation of individual and organizational attitudes and behavior.
They are more optimistic about people’s capabilities and motives than dominators and so, after providing direction, allow them autonomy and self-governance. In his first years, he suffered some humiliating defeats and by the end of his third year, he was booed in his own gym. As we do, we’ll expand our reach, influencing more and more people to achieve the best results of which they are capable. Though the boss and his subordinates sit together and discuss the possible options and procedures, it’s always the boss who makes the final call. It is also practicable when the employers are working on equipment that is dangerous or delicate and also during the times when you have to correctly follow the defined set of tasks to operate it.
Follow it all the way through to the end and see to it that your business and your life are nothing short of extraordinary. People low on the assertiveness dimension are less concerned with taking charge and seeking their own outcomes. However, he ensures that his decision benefits his people and the organization and is in complete sync with others.
This style is criticized for being too rigid where the employees are not allowed to think out of the box. Employees of these people get very little reinforcement and are unlikely to have a great deal of interaction with their boss.
They are willing to have difficult conversations when performance falls short or differences of opinion exist, but they do so seeking win-win outcomes rather than imposing their own will on others. While some leaders can be outspoken and look and act tough, there are a few others who might believe in giving complete freedom to others.
This is mainly because the employees are never acknowledged entirely for their efforts and least preference is given to the input from the employer’s behalf. They will allow others to take the lead and will let things happen rather than trying to make them happen. Remember, a good leadership is a blend of autocratic, democratic and free reign, and is not just about one single style or school of thought. They are “can do” people who have high expectations for themselves and others and know how to get things done. Whether you choose to follow the footsteps of Mahatma Gandhi, Winston Churchill or Martin Luther King is clearly your choice.
Rather, one should resort to the various styles depending on the situation, the specific requisites of the people involved and the challenges faced by the organization.



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