Introduction ? Some companies like Reliance Industries, Procter and Gamble, Hindustan Unilever, ITC, Dr.
Conti… According to Koontz, Heinz and Weihrich, Management is “the process of designing and maintaining an environment in which individuals, working together in groups, efficiently to accomplish selected aims.” According to Peter F. Need and Scope of Management 1.Management purpose is to formulate effective organizational strategies and efficiently based on the missions objectives and goals.
Management: A Science or Art ? First we should know what is science and what is an art before discussing whether management is a science or an art? Management Functions Planning Company mission is the basis for planning, planning is deciding in advance what should be done.
Major Contributors Classical Approach Scientific Management Bureaucratic Management Administrative Management Frederick W.
Conti… ? A few managers who were mostly mechanical engineers by training examined the causes of inefficiency and tried experiments to find more efficient methods and procedures for control.
Frederick Winslow Taylor ? Frederick Winslow Taylor, considered “Father of Scientific Management”, wrote the Principles of Scientific Management in 1911. Frank Gilbreth and Lillian Gilbreth ? Frank and Lillian Gilbreth made their contribution to the scientifice management movement as a husband and wife team. Technical (production, manufacturing) Commercial (buying, selling, exchange) Financial (obtaining and using capital) Security (protection of property and persons) Accounting (balance sheet, stocktaking, statistics, costing) Managerial (planning, organizing, commanding, coordinating, controlling).
Max Weber ? Weber was a German sociologist who developed the bureaucratic model of organization.


Behavioral Approach ? The behavioral school of management emphasized what the classical theorists ignored – the human element. Douglas McGregor – Theory X ? In this theory management assumes employees are inherently lazy and will avoid work if they can. April 10, 2014By Robert BucklandThe West of England Local Enterprise Partnership (LEP) has appointed Adam Powell as its new director of skills. In his new role Adam, pictured, will deliver the LEP’s vision of developing a well-educated and well-motivated workforce to meet the needs of business across the area which includes Bristol, North Somerset, South Gloucestershire and Bath and North East Somerset. He joins after eight years in senior management roles at Bath Spa University, where he managed a £5m employability enhancement project and oversaw a year-on-year improvement in graduate destinations, most recently with 95% of graduates in jobs or further study within six months of graduating and three-quarters securing professional or managerial employment.
The LEP’s Strategic Economic Plan, which was recently submitted to the Government for funding, aims to shrink the mismatch between skills supply and demand by working closely with a range of partners across business, local authorities and education providers.
ADVERTISE HEREReach tens of thousands of senior business people across Bristol for just ?75 a month. Existence of Knowledge, Acquisition of Knowledge, Professional Association, Ethical Codes, Service Motives.
Scientific Management ? Scientific management became increasingly popular in the early 1900s. Administrative Theory ? While the scientific management movement concentrated on specific tasks to be performed by the workers, ? Administrative management focused on the development of broad administrative principles applicable to general and higher managerial levels.
Bureaucratic Management ? Bureaucratic management, one of the schools of classical management, emphasizes the need for organizations to function on a rational basis.


Theory X and Theory Y ? Theory X and Theory Y, created and developed by Douglas McGregor at the MIT Sloan School of Management in the 1960s. Directing Directing involves leading, influencing and motivating the people to perform organizational tasks & to convert input into output. Max Weber Henri Fayol Behavioral Approach Group Influences Hawthorne Studies Maslow’s Need Theory Theory X and Theory Y Model 1 versus Model 2 Values Mary Parker Follet Elton Mayo Abraham Maslow Douglas McGregor Chris Argyris Quantitative Approach Management Science Operations Management Information System Management Dr. Within this, he identified five major functions: Planning, Organizing, Commanding, Coordinating and Controlling. 9.Management needs to be a profession to achieve goals continuously with an incremental efficiency.
Because of the continuous development in the field, many older principles are being changed by new principles. However, management principles are not universally applicable but are to be modified according to the needs of the situation.
Controlling Controlling is to make sure that the organization is moving towards its mission and objectives. Staffing Staffing is acquiring, developing, utilizing and compensating human resources necessarily to achieve organizational goals.



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