In this second section you will discover the programming language itself: VBA or Visual Basic for Application. When you start assembling VBA words into sentences and paragraphs, it is said that you are coding or developing VBA code. Notice that there are no capital letters in activecel.cop because both words are misspelled. You now understand that significant letters are capitalised in each correctly spelled VBA word when you move away from the line. You have seen in lesson 11 the VBE capitalise letters to let you know that there are no spelling errors. The VBE will also tell you that there is a syntax error in what you have just written by making the font red and showing you a message box.
There is a word that you can use with Application that will neutralise all the alerts that Excel can send your way. You can even use the pair of sentences (as below) anywhere within a long macro to refresh the screen at significant points in the process.
To develop a VBA procedure that is triggered by an event relating to the workbook (when you open it, when you save it, when you close it) see the VBA lesson on events. In the downloadable tutorial on Excel macros you will find many other uses for Dir including opening all the files of a folder to generate a consolidated database (whatever the number of files in the folder). We strongly recommend that you use Range instead of Cells to work with cells and groups of cells. The only time that you will use Cells is when you want to select all the cells of a worksheet. The Offset property is the one that you will use the most with Range to move around the sheet. As you notice the first argument between the parentheses for Offset is the number of rows and the second one is the number of columns. Notice the comma after the first ActiveCell and the double closing parentheses before the Copy.
There are many important VBA words to discover in the downloadable Tutorial on Excel Macros. Notice the space following MsgBox, the use of quotation marks surrounding the text and the double quotation mars around A1 because we want the address to show on the message box between quotation marks. Instead of telling the user that the value is in cell A1, you might want to tell him what the result is in the message box itself. Notice the space following MsgBox, the use of quotation marks surrounding the text, the space at the end of the text and the spaces surrounding the ampersand.
For more elaborate message boxes and input boxes see the downloadable Tutorial on Excel macros.
When Excel recognises you set of data as a database it offers you very powerful database functionalities like sorting and filtering.
When you work in an Excel database you might want to make sure that all data filters are off. The code in the two procedures above is much simpler than the following recorded macro in Excel 2007 and 2010. A lot of visitors ask us how they can delete the entire lines when a certain cell is empty.
You will start developing complex and sophisticated programs in Excel and you will start working with very large sets of data when you discover the variables. You are dynamically coding when you enter the name of the file in an cell (A1) of your Excel sheet and you write. At this point you or the user can change the name of the workbook to open in cell A1 instead of going to the VBA code in the Visual Basic Editor.
You will also create variables to count the number of rows, store the result in a variable and then do something as many time as there are rows. In the VBA procedure above the value in each cell is multiplied by 2 then the cell below is selected.
Basically you need a connection (varConn in the macro below) and an SQL sentence (varSQL in the macro below) to automate the extraction of data for reporting purposes. Click here to download the small Access database and test the following code from a workbook sitting in the same folder. You end up with a Word document named testWord .Doc in the same directory as the Excel workbook in which the macro runs.
API stands for Application Programming Interface and consists of a collection of functions that provide programmatic access to the features of the operating system (Windows).
This section is about recording, writing, modifying and testing macros in the Visual Basic Editor. Developing a macro is communicating with Excel and to do so you need to use a language called Visual Basic for Applications (VBA). You'll learn to customize Excel UserForms, develop new utilities, use VBA with charts and PivotTables, and create event-handling applications.


Description: If you already know your way around the newest Excel and want to concentrate on using formulas to extend its capabilities even further, you've come to the right place. It's estimated that only about ten percent of Excel users really understand how to get the most out of worksheet formulas. Description: Written by Access MVPs and Microsoft Access testers, this resource will give you the tools to leverage Access 2007's built-in functionality and VBA in order to build more dynamic applications.
The expert author team will show you how to create and name variables, manipulate data using Data Access Object (DAO) and ActiveX® Data Object (ADO), handle errors, and create classes. Description: Visual Basic 2005 focuses on enabling developers to rapidly build applications, with enhancements across its visual designers, code editor, language, and debugger that help accelerate the development and deployment of robust, elegant applications across the Web, a business group, or an enterprise. Description: The book assumes that you know Excel well, but there is no need for prior programming experience. Description: This book teaches you how to use Excel VBA by explaining concepts clearly and concisely in plain English, and provides plenty of downloadable samples so you can learn by doing. Description: Introducing "Integrating Excel and Access," the unique reference that shows you how to combine the strengths of Microsoft Excel with those of Microsoft Access. Description: This is the definitive book on VSTO 2008 programming, written by the inventors of the technology. This book delivers in one place all the information you need to succeed using VSTO to program against Word 2007, Excel 2007, and Outlook 2007, and provides the necessary background to customize Visio 2007, Publisher 2007, and PowerPoint 2007.
In VSTO 2008, you can build add-ins for all the major Office 2007 applications, build application-level custom task panes, customize the new Office Ribbon, modify Outlook’s user interface using Form Regions, and easily deploy everything you build using ClickOnce.
Description: This book is for Professional Microsoft Office application developers (and those aspiring to be so) who are interested in creating enterprise applications on the solid base of Microsoft Office 2007.
This takes you far beyond traditional VBA programming, showing you how to transform Microsoft Office 2007 into a complete enterprise application development platform. Description: This is for VBA developers who are interested in migrating their skills to the next generation of Office development.
The expert authors provide a wealth of code samples that show off popular features of VSTO, such as smart tags and the actions pane. This book takes you beyond the traditional VBA programming boundaries and shows you the new world of transforming Microsoft Office 2007 into a complete enterprise application development platform.
Description: This book focuses on innovative ways to create customized Word documents and templates. Description: Whether you're already a power user or just starting, find out how to get the most out of this major new release of Excel from expert instructor and Microsoft MVP, "Mr. Description: It gives you a set of tools for managing documents and data, analyzing numbers, organizing your e-mail and schedule, building presentations, and designing publications - and this book covers them all! Friendly and entertaining, iWork '09: The Missing Manual gives you crystal-clear and jargon-free explanations of iWork's capabilities, its advantages over similar programs -- and its limitations.
MS Excel is my best friend and this blog presents my day-to-day talks and experiments with it. On the eve before Christmas, I'm writing this article on VBA code optimization for my blog readers as a gift.
You will not have to wait at the end to be told that there is something wrong with your macro.
As you can read, you are asking Excel to close itself but saying first that the workbook has already been saved.
Two lines of code have been added to the previous macro to prevent all the steps of the action to be seen on the screen.
It makes your sentences much clearer and you are not forced to remember that column AE is column 31. The following Excel macro will work with any size database starting in cell A1 and it will work in any version of Excel (1997 to 2010).
You can also extract data from the Internet, from text files and from other Excel or CSV files. The Word document consists of a single sheet with a two cells table with the values of cell A1 and B1 of the workbook.
When you use API's within VBA for Excel not only do you control Excel but also most parts of Windows. To these userforms you will add controls (command buttons, text boxes, list boxes and others) and program them. Intuitive user interface that exposes commonly used commands; updated graphics and formatting galleries help you to easily produce high-quality documents.
Enhanced Help system includes online tutorials with step-by-step instructions; includes OneNote, a digital notebook that helps you gather, organize, and search many types of information in one place.
Excel 2007 has a few new tricks up its sleeve, and John Walkenbach helps you make the most of them all.
Work with VBA subprocedures and function procedures, facilitate interactions with other applications, build user-friendly toolbars, menus, and help systems, and much more.
It explores all aspects of VBA programming for Access and describes the latest innovations.


You'll also learn how to utilize the latest wizards as well as modify and enhance the code that the wizards create.
This book describes everything you could conceivably need to know to automate reports and design applications in Excel VBA.
You'll be exposed to a wide range of tasks most commonly performed with Excel, arranged into chapters according to subject, with those subjects corresponding to one or more Excel objects. In particular, the book explains how the powerful analysis tools of Excel can work in concert with the structured storage and more powerful querying of Access.
There's also a chapter on SQL Server, as well as one dedicated to integrating with other Microsoft Office applications. It introduces the Office 2007 object models, covers the most commonly used objects in those object models, and will help you avoid the pitfalls caused by the COM origins of the Office object models.
By the end of the book, you will be creating your own powerful, customized Office Business Applications (OBAs), using the techniques Ty has taught you throughout. Readers will benefit from a straightforward, practical introduction to writing managed code applications for Word 2003, Excel 2003, and Outlook 2003. Sample code also shows you how to customize the new UI features of the 2007 Microsoft Office system, including the ribbon, custom task pane, and Outlook forms region.
Author Vivek Thangaswamy, a professional application developer and Microsoft MVP, uses his vast experience to help you better understand the ins and outs of VSTO in the context of each of the popular Office applications: Word, Excel, InfoPath, Outlook, PowerPoint, and Visio. By the end, you will be able to create your own fully featured Office extensions using the simple examples that the author lays out for you. It contains an in-depth introduction to VBA (Visual Basic for Applications), which is the embedded programming language in the Microsoft Office 2007. Get the scoop on all the Office programs, find out how to supercharge your productivity by using them together, and much more. This clear, nonintimidating guide shows you how to use VBA to create Excel apps that look and work the way you want.
You'll see these programs through an objective lens that shows you which features work well and which don't.
After section 2 you will be able to develop small and useful macros and even very complex programs. You'll also find several commonly used techniques and sample code to help you get started, as well as expert tips to make your code easier to maintain. And you'll learn how to take advantage of key new objects, enhanced macros, and the Office Ribbon.
Whether you want to automate reports for your office or design full-blown applications for others, this book is for you. The results that these two applications can produce together are virtually impossible to achieve with one program separately. You'll learn sophisticated techniques through a simple and clean interface, so there's no more long nights of trying to make it work. Developers who wish to program against Office 2003 should consult Carter and Lippert’s previous book, Visual Studio Tools for Office. Proficient VBA developers wishing to take their skills to the next level will also benefit by this book. The author demonstrates how to leverage all aspects of the Microsoft Office application platform (covering Word, Excel, Outlook, PowerPoint, Visio, and InfoPath) so you can create OBAs that increase information worker productivity, unlock business data stored in documents, reduce end–user training costs, increase developer productivity, and reduce IT operations costs. Readers will also learn how to create add-ins for the most popular applications for Office 2003 and the 2007 Microsoft Office system using VSTO 2005 SE.
VBA provides a complete integrated development environment (IDE) that allows for document automation, the process of using an automated template for creating documents.
Each of the book's seven parts thoroughly focuses on key elements, so no matter what your level of expertise, you'll find what you need in the hundreds of examples, techniques, and tips in this comprehensive resource. Thoroughly updated to cover the revamped Excel interface, new file formats, enhanced interactivity with other Office applications, and upgraded collaboration features. Packed with plenty of sample programs, it explains how to work with range objects, control program flow, develop custom dialog boxes, create custom toolbars and menus, and much more. For those just starting out, it also lays down the basic rules common to all programming languages.
And because it works with Microsoft ® Excel, you'll be saving time while the program crunches all the numbers.
The book also includes coverage of the new features of Word 2007 including Content Controls, programming the Ribbon, and more. This book quickly guides you through everything you need to know about the Pages word-processor, the Numbers spreadsheet, and the Keynote presentation program that Al Gore and Steve Jobs made famous.
Each chapter puts you to work, showing you how, when, and why to use specific features of Visual Basic and guiding as you create actual components and working applications for Microsoft Windows®.



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