Formed mostly as the result of volcanic events, Java is the 13th largest island in the world and the fifth largest island in Indonesia. Java lies between Sumatra to the west and Bali to the east and is divided into four provinces, West Java, Central Java, East Java, and Banten, with two special districts, Jakarta and Yogyakarta.
The highest volcano in Java is Mount Semeru, (3,676 m), and the most active volcano in is Mount Merapi (2,968 m). East Java offer attractions that range from historical site to beaches, lakes, volcanoes, marine gardens and wildlife reserves. Surabaya is the second largest city in Indonesia after Jakarta and a major industrial center, business port and the administrative center of the province. The major city of Central Java is Yogyakarta, a city protective of its customs but struggling with the influences of modern lifestyles. Jakarta, the capital city of the Republic of Indonesia, is bounded to the north by the Java Sea and the south by the low Bogor Hills. Finding its origin in the early 16th century harbour town of Sunda Kelapa, Jakarta’s founding is regarded to have taken place on June 21, 1527, when it was re-named Jayakarta - meaning Glorious Victory. The Dutch East India Company, which took the town and destroyed it in 1619, changed its name to Batavia and made it the center of their expansion of  power in the East Indies. Jakarta’s architecture reflects to a large extent, the influx of outside influences which came and found a home in this vital seaport.
Pick up from hotels or airport in Jakarta (Note latest arrival must be at 9 am) then driving to Bandung by way Bogor and Puncak-Pass, en route visiting Bogor Botanical Garden.

Like Angkor Wat in Cambodia and Bagan in Myanmar, Java's Borobudur make the rest of Southeast Asia's spectacular sites seem almost incidental. Big, burly Bandung comes like a rush of blood to the after the verdant mountains around Cibodas. The grandest and most evocative Hindu temple complex in Java features some 50 temples site. Bromo Volcano is a landscape that's as evocative and resonant any in Southeast Asia, and the raw material for countless legend and as many picture post cards.
The Krakatau Volcanic activity recommenced in May, 1883, and continued into August, the first eruptions appearing on the northern, Perbuatan volcano. Know throughout Java as Kota Hujan (City Rain) and Bogor became a home from Sir Stamford Raffles during the British Interregnum, a respite for those ma dogs and English men that preferred not to go out in the midday sun. The Baduy or Badui, who call themselves Kanekes, are a traditional community living in the western part of the Indonesia province of Banten, near Rangkasbitung. Kampeong Naga is a traditional village and museum piece of Sudanese architectures and village life.
On the remote Southwestern tip of Java, the beauty of Ujung Kulon National Park covers about 760 sq km of land area, including the large Panaitan Island. Few of Southeast Asia’s volcanoes are as evocative, or as destructive, as Mountain Merapi (Fire Mountain) towering 2911m over the surrounding plains, this immense Fujiesque Pyramids looms over Yogyakarta, Borobudur and Prambanan like an invitation to the end of the world. Further mountains and highlands help to split the interior into a series of relatively isolated regions suitable for wet-rice cultivation; the rice lands of Java are among the richest in the world.

Universities, dance schools, pottery, handicrafts, textiles, carving, and the famous Javanese temple Borobudur provide the region its rich culture. Yogyakarta continues to balance past and present with relative ease, sustaining a slower and more conservative way of life in the home compounds, only a stone’s throw from the energetic main streets. The Taman Fatahillah Restoration Project, begun in the early 1970’s, has restored one of the oldest sections of Jakarta, also known as Old Batavia to approximately its former look.
Built to portray the variety of cultures found on the many islands contained in the Republic of Indonesia, this open air museum comprises many architectural forms, artifacts and traditions of all 27 provinces. Performing arts is still widely practiced, and traditional dance dramas (Wayang Orang) or shadow puppets (Wayang Kulit) performances are easy to find. This region is also home to the most active volcano in Indonesia - Mount Merapi (2,968 m). The old Supreme Court building is now a museum of fine arts which also houses a Chinese porcelain collection. The old Town Hall has become the Jakarta Museum and displays such items as Indonesia’s old historical documents and Dutch period furniture. Its tower clock was returned to England to be repaired under its lifetime guarantee, a lifetime which up to now has already well exceeded one hundred years.

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