Locals in the area of Donegal, Pennsylvania would often scratch their heads at the reverberating sounds of roaring car engines and squealing tires seeming to come from beneath a nearby mountain in 2003. Sure enough, there are cars tearing through that tunnel at top speeds, but it isn’t some kind of secret underground theme park for race car drivers. Only in recent months has the Chip Ganassi Racing team been willing to confirm the rumors that have been swirling since 2004, and explained a little more about the purpose of the tunnel. This straight-line testing has been considered a key to success in the Indy Racing League since track testing was banned in 2004.
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Photo of United States Air Force tunnel boring machine at Little Skull Mountain, Nevada, USA, December 1982.
This is a $13 million tunnel boring machine (TBM) used for tunneling at the Nevada Test Site. Most tunneling activity is under military installations and all information is highly restricted.
The average depth of these bases is over a mile, and they again are basically whole cities underground.
The nuclear subterrene (rhymes with a€?submarinea€™) was designed at the Los Alamos National Laboratory, in New Mexico.
Nuclear subterrenes work by melting their way through the rock and soil, actually vitrifying it as they go, and leaving a neat, solidly glass-lined tunnel behind them.
The heat is supplied by a compact nuclear reactor that circulates liquid lithium from the reactor core to the tunnel face, where it melts the rock. The United States Atomic Energy Commission and the United States Energy Research and Development Administration took out Patents in the 1970s for nuclear subterrenes.
The nuclear subterrene has an advantage over mechanical TBMs in that it produces no muck that must be disposed of by conveyors, trains, trucks, etc.
There you have it: a tunneling machine that creates no muck, and leaves a smooth, vitreous (glassy) tunnel lining behind. A tunneling machine for producing large tunnels in soft rock or wet, clayey, unconsolidated or bouldery earth by simultaneously detaching the tunnel core by thermal melting a boundary kerf into the tunnel face and forming a supporting excavation wall liner by deflecting the molten materials against the excavation walls to provide, when solidified, a continuous wall supporting liner, and detaching the tunnel face circumscribed by the kerf with powered mechanical earth detachment means and in which the heat required for melting the kerf and liner material is provided by a compact nuclear reactor. This 1975 patent further specifies that the machine is intended to excavate tunnels up to 12 meters in diameter or more. And yet a third patent was issued to the United States Energy Research and Development Administration just 21 days later, on 27 May 1975 for a machine remarkably similar to the machine patented on 6 May 1975. A tunneling machine for producing large tunnels in rock by progressive detachment of the tunnel core by thermal melting a boundary kerf into the tunnel face and simultaneously forming an initial tunnel wall support by deflecting the molten materials against the tunnel walls to provide, when solidified, a continuous liner; and fragmenting the tunnel core circumscribed by the kerf by thermal stress fracturing and in which the heat required for such operations is supplied by a compact nuclear reactor. Perhaps some of my readers have heard the same rumors that I have heard swirling in the UFO literature and on the UFO grapevine: stories of deep, secret, glass-walled tunnels excavated by laser powered tunneling machines. Tunneling costs for NSTMs are very close to those for TBMs, if operating conditions for TBMs are favorable.
Finally, the southern California location that was chosen for tunneling cost analysis is thought provoking. Whether or not nuclear subterrene tunneling machines have been used, or are being used, for subterranean tunneling is a question I cannot presently answer.
A Tunnel Network is any collection of buildings that link to a large underground catacomb of tunnels that allow for stealthy travel around a locale.
In the competitive gaming world, this means cheap near instant transport between any two points. In other media, while not allowing for something as cheap as delivering a Zerg Rush to your doorstep, can allow for secretive travel between locations hiding both literal and logistical foot prints. In Real Genius, steam tunnels are how Lazlo gets around Pacific Tech unseen — they are modeled on the very real tunnels beneath Caltech. Bane and his mooks employ the Gotham sewer network in The Dark Knight Rises as a lair and a means of transportation. In Good Omens, there's a sequence where various New Age beliefs start coming true, one of which is the conspiracy theory that the Secret Masters of the World live in a cave beneath Tibet and travel around the world through an extensive tunnel system. In Pyrates, there's a large network of tunnels and caves underneath New York City, used both by homeless people simply to survive, and by smugglers and thieves. Isaac Asimov's The Caves of Steel features a very extensive road network underneath New York. In Thud!, the dwarfs have created a tunnel network under Ankh-Morpork, partly so they can look for the McGuffin without anyone noticing, and partly because it wouldn't occur to them not to dig underground to where they want to go. 2000's Secret Agent Man (no, not the one with Patrick McGoohan) had an underground highway system that allowed the agents to drive great distances at high speed out of sight of anyone on the surface.
Beauty and the Beast had an extensive underground network in association with the NY subway system, with a whole Secret Society down there. The Silence have a whole network spanning the entire surface of the Earth in Doctor Who, allowing them to control the human race without humanity knowing.
The Torchwood Three team were based in one that included a disused secret underground railway connecting them (Cardiff) to London and Scotland. The sewers, catacombs, and assorted tunnel networks in Los Angeles, Washington, and New York provided escape and ambush routes for every terrorist's 24-hour plan to destroy the USA. On The 100, the Reapers live in and travel through various abandoned tunnels left from before the apocalypse.
The Skaven (rat-men) of Warhammer have an extremely advanced network of tunnels often extending under cities and even under the ocean.
In Warhammer 40,000, Necrons tomb-worlds have catacombs you could lose a cathedral in, housing thousands upon thousands of dormant Necron warriors. Dawn of War's Imperial Guard buildings have this capacity, as well as certain catacombs in the Necron stronghold mission.


In The Battle for Middle-Earth 2, both the Dwarven faction and the Goblin faction had resource-mining structures that doubled as entrances to their respective Tunnel Networks. Since fortresses in Dwarf Fortress tend to be mainly underground anyway, they usually incorporate some degree of this. Advanced Strategic Command allows to pool resources in buildings via either pipelines constructed by bulldozers or inconvenient direct contact of buildings. Dragon Age: Origins has the Deep Roads, formerly a highway system for the dwarven kingdoms but now almost entirely held by the darkspawn. Age of Mythology had a god power that created a tunnel that you could put in two different spots to transport units via the two tunnels. The sewers of New York in Freedom Fighters are utilized by the American Resistance to move about underneath the eyes of the occupying Soviets.
In Battlezone II: Combat Commander, the ISDF's Cerberus Base on Pluto has a network of tunnels large enough for their Hover Tanks to fit four abreast through. Annyseed features a large underground tunnel network that connects many of the residents of Skull Valley.
The eponymous institution in Tales Of Gnosis College has an extensive network of steam tunnels running underneath its campus, which it happens to share with an adjacent Catholic women's college. Similarly, the steam tunnels at the eponymous institution Smithson, used by the campus superhero. In Pound Puppies (2010), the dogs base their operations in a central underground hub and use a series of tunnels beneath the shelter grounds to get themselves and puppies into and out of the pound. The bumptious Mayor on Pecola has a series of secret tunnels beneath the town which he uses to get himself out of tight spots (such as answering his constituents' probing questions). North Korea has dug incursion tunnels under the DMZ for use during an invasion of South Korea. Portland, Oregon, has a nifty system of tunnels, popularly known as the Shanghai tunnels, which according to possibly dubious 19th century historical record, were used to kidnap men (known as "shanghaiing") as free labor on the ships that sailed in and out of the city's port. Fortresses of the Maginot Line were connected by tunnels, and presented a formidable defensive obstacle. The city of Tabor in Hussite War-era Bohemia had a full tunnel system dug beneath it (this was the early 15th century!). Walt Disney World has such a network to hide certain aspects of park operations from the customers (trash collection being primary). Disneyland's is much less extensive, but most of the restaurants in the New Orleans Square area share an underground central kitchen. Laval University in Quebec has all of its buildings linked by tunnels, so people can avoid being outdoors during the winter.
TVTropes is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Hidden just under a layer of earth and trees was the Laurel Hill Tunnel, a former part of the state turnpike system, but it had lain abandoned since 1964. Team leader Ben Bowlby told Racecar Engineering Magazine that the tunnel happens to be an ideal place for IRL (Indy Racing League) testing in a straight line in a wind tunnel, with total control over wind resistance and other environmental factors, using a full-sized racing car. Former employees of said facilities have surfaced over the years to talk of massive underground installations in places like Area 51, the Northrop facility in Antelope Valley, California (rumored to have 42 levels), and the Lockheed installation near Edwards, California. At least this amount is used in black programs, like those concerned with deep underground military bases. A number of patents were filed by scientists at Los Alamos, a few federal technical documents were written a€“ and then the whole thing just sort of faded away. However, for variable formations and unfavorable conditions such as soft, wet, bouldery ground or very hard rock, the NSTMs are far more effective.
Mathews calculated costs for constructing three different sized tunnels in the Southern California area in 1974. It is noteworthy in the first place that the government commissioned such a lengthy and detailed analysis of the cost of operating a nuclear subterrenes.
This is precisely one of the regions of the West where there is rumored to be a secret tunnel system.
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Sometimes these might have been built by dedicated criminal networks for the sake of transporting things covertly from place to place. A shrewd gamer will be able to take advantage of this and employ what is called tunnel popping, quickly transferring units in and out of tunnels, and all around the map to a devastating effect. Heinlein's Starship Troopers features bug colonies had vast underground tunnel networks that allowed them to pop up and attack the MI on the surface of the planet. This results in things like gardening programs offering tips on what to do if a nosy Tibetan monk pops up in the middle of your flower bed. It's restricted to police and emergency vehicles and is used by these to rapidly travel through the city. By the end of the book, the network has been seized by the Patrician, who seems to have plans for it, possibly involving propelled carriages of some kind.
Seattle has a network of sealed tunnels because above-ground is infested by zombies and the Deadly Gas that creates them. The drugged humans on a space station have cut through the deck and cut holes in the fuel tanks to create underdeck passages throughout the ship.
The Drow can move along underground passageways and emerge at various points on the surface.
Regularly an Adeptus Mechanicus expedition drops in on one, squees out at the Machine God's gift, and are promptly slaughtered when they start prodding around. Dwarven and goblin civilisations also create large tunnels linking settlements created during worldgen, and beneath those there are three levels of naturally-formed cavern system that blur the line somewhat between this trope and Beneath the Earth.


Not only this saves bothering with transport, but producing some units require more materials than the factory or dock can hold. The tunnels are largely used for storage, with recessed cargo rooms and surface access into to warehouses. In the webcomic we see Anny and Winston use one of the tunnels to get from Professor Tripadiculous' secret lab to Hamish the Swamp Dragon's cave. Unfortunately, very few French military or political leaders gave much thought to what they were supposed to do if the Germans managed to get around them, and building the Line left very little money in the defence budget for modern aircraft or armoured vehicles. The system was designed so that the militia could rush through the tunnels to the heart of town if an enemy attacked, while the enemy was forced to negotiate a series of narrow streets so that no matter where they emerged, they'd walk into a massed barrage.
Wright State University in Ohio has a similar system, with only two or three buildings left out of the loop.
Then, people started seeing NASCAR haulers, equipment and supplies coming through the area.
Hikers investigating the site found that the tunnel has a new, tubular steel entrance with dual garage openings, and discovered discarded barrels of motor racing fuel of the sort used by NASCAR. Learn more about the logistics and see drawings of the inside of the tunnel at Racecar Engineering Magazine. Stars as Dean Jones, Lauren Gibson, William Smith Yelton, Brandi Nicole Feemster, Steven St.
Well, they were using tunneling machines back in the mid-90s that could tunnel through a rock face at seven miles per day, that could cut through a rock face with high-energy impact lasers that could blow the nano-sized particles of rock so that there was no debris left, forming an obsidian-like core, and laying an inner core for unidirectional maglev trains that travel at Mach 2 to 2.8 underground between these very very powerful and organized cities. It is then circulated back along the exterior of the tunneling machine to help cool the vitrified rock as the tunneling machine forces its way forward. If nuclear subterrenes actually exist (and I do not know if they do) their presence, and the tunnels they make, could be very hard to detect, for the simple reason that there would not be the tell-tale muck piles or tailings dumps that are associated with the conventional tunneling activities.
If they are, however, it may be that the glass-walled tunnels are made by the nuclear subterrenes described in these patents.
Patent Office only issues the paperwork when ita€™s satisfied that the thing in question actually works! Mathews Construction and Engineering Company of Rockville, Maryland produced a comprehensive report with two, separate, lengthy appendices, one 235 and the other 328 pages. Sometimes they're built during times of war to allow a way to sneak past, or sneak up on, enemies.
A Secret Underground Passage sometimes leads to this, but is technically a different trope. If the building is destroyed but the bunker left alone a worker will emerge and rebuild the building. Buried pipelines are more expensive than open ones, but preferrable: they doesn't hinder unit movement and to break one the enemy must bring a construction unit to it instead of simply bombing. Similar tunnels are used in several of the deathmatch maps, where they can contain alternate weapons or health and ammo pickups. It's probably the lack of plausible deniability (you can't realistically argue you didn't know that tunnel in your basement led to Mexico) that keeps it from being more widespread.
When the Third Reich pulled a spectacular Dungeon Bypass after The Battle of Fort Eben-Emael, the end result was all but a Foregone Conclusion.
They have been building these 129 bases day and night, unceasingly, since the early 1940a€™s. I was involved in building an addition to the deep underground military base at Dulce, which is probably the deepest base. The kerf is the outside boundary of the tunnel wall that a boring machine gouges out as it bores through the ground or rock.
The careful reader will note that all of these patents were obtained by agencies of the United States government. Mathews study represent part of the planning for an actual covert tunneling project that was subsequently carried out, when it was determined that it was more cost effective to use NSTMs than mechanical TBMs? Less common uses of Tunnel Networks include avoiding a dangerous climate aboveground, or to serve as the equivalent of roads for those who live Beneath the Earth. This refers specifically to a massive underground network of tunnels, not a single tunnel used for a singular purpose. In this way the nuclear subterrene slices through the rock like a nuclear powered, 2,000 degree Fahrenheit (1,100 Celsius) earthworm, boring its way deep underground. An estimated NSTM prototype demonstration cost of $100 million over an eight-year period results in a favorable benefit-to-cost ratio of 8.5. Yet another use would be that shifty government laboratory that is not only underground but randomly dusty. These bases are basically large cities underground connected by high-speed magneto-leviton trains that have speeds up to Mach 2. In the United States therea€™s at least, by conservative estimates, a quarter of a trillion to a half a trillion of illegal drugs just sold in the United States that goes directly into underground budgets, and 90-95% goes to the DUMBs [Deep Underground Military Bases]. The melted rock will be forced to the outside of the tunnel by the tunnel machine, where it will form a hard, glassy tunnel lining (see the appropriate detail in the patent itself, as shown in Illustration 41). Of course, Los Alamos National Lab is itself the subject of considerable rumors about underground tunnels and chambers, Little Greys or a€?EBEsa€?, and various other covert goings-on. At the same time, mechanical tunnel boring equipment will grind up the rock and soil detached by the melted kerf and pass it to the rear of the machine for disposal by conveyor, slurry pipeline, etc.




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